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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - September 9, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- I ‘artly cloudy tonight and Tuesday. Lows tonight, 60s. Highs Tuesday, mid 80s. Os) VOLUME 92-NUMBER 243 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMESANGRY BACKLASH ON PARDON Hurricane Devastates Press Secretary Quits in Protest; Controversy Rages in Congress Sugar Crop NEW ORLEANS (AP)—Hurricane Carmen has sputtered out and dispersed over Louisiana and Texas after leaving three dead and ravaging the Louisiana sugar cane crop. But the storm did far less damage than officials had feared. Authorities said about 14,000 refugees remained in evacuation centers early Monday. But thousands of others returned home as the storm disintegrated after missing the state’s major population centers. Anxious Hours Carmen, packing winds gusting up to 180 miles per hour, had been heading straight north for New Orleans. But it stalled for five anxious hours early Sunday, then veered westward through marshland and hit Lafayette about dawn. It was downgraded to a tropical storm soon afterward. A lineman for Central Louisiana Electric Co. was found on Sunday, hanging in downed power lines. An 11-year-old boy was electrocuted after the storm when he rode his bicycle over live wires. And a man died in a storm-related traffic accident. Much of the state’s sugar cane crop lay in Carmen’s path. Gov. Edwin Edwards, who toured the state by airplane Sunday, estimated that 75 percent of the crop was destroyed at a cost of $100 million. Gilbert Durbin, vice-president and general manager of the American Sugar Cane League, gave the same $100 million estimate, but said it represented only 20 percent of the total crop. The disparity was not explained. Sugar Damage The governor added: “The damage to the sugar cane appears to be the only significant damage resulting from the hurricane.^” Red Cross officials estimated they had housed 60,000 refugees at the height of the storm early Sunday. Edwards said he would not request President Ford to declare the state a disaster area immediately. He said a study w'ould be made to find the best kind of aid to ask for farmers who suffered losses. Weather Bureau forecaster Bill Crouch said that a cool, dry-high pressure system moving slowly to the east was responsible for the change in path and ] (Continued: Page ll, Col. 8.) WASHINGTON (AP) — Pres-|nate Rockefeller, hailed it as an ident Ford’s unconditional par- ; act of compassion and courage. Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield suggested Monday that the special Watergate prosecutor disregard the pardon. The prosecutor, Mansfield told the senate, “has an obligation to take whatever action he sees fit in conformity with his oath of office — and that should include any and all individuals.” Ford encountered the first major public protest to his administration in Pittburgh Monday—a booing crowd of several hundred persons chanting “Justice Died, Justice Died.” Some house judiciary committee members Monday to suggested reopening the impeachment process that was halted last month when Nixon resigned from office. Rep. Waldie (R-Calif.) said the committee’s inquiry should don of Richard Nixon has pushed his fledgling administration into the backwash of Watergate, ruptured his rapport with congress and sparked the protest resignation of a top aide. Ford’s disclosure of “a free, full and absolute pardon” for Nixon for any criminal conduct during his presidency was followed within minutes by a Nixon statement of remorse at —AP Wirephoto President Ford Signs Full Pardon for Former President Nixon Evel Blames Bolts for Short Jump TWIN FALLS, Idaho (AP)-Stuntman Evel Knievel says a weakness in the metal holding the parachute system in place was responsbile for his rocket ride into the Snake river canyon rather than over it. “There was a metal failure,” Knievel told a news conference Sunday night less than four hours after he *was lifted by helicopter from rocks at the base of the 600-foot canyon. “To lose a beautiful river and canyon like this to me is not a (Photos on Picture Page) real loss,” said Knievel, the cuts on his right cheek and lip standing out as red lines on his tan face. The chutes began deploying even as the red, white and blue Sky-Cycle cleared the launch ramp Sunday, pulling the missile back like a yank on a shirt collar. Canyon Bottom The vehicle was halted before it had traveled half the needed distance, and seconds later Knievel was on the canyon bottom, the bloodied survivor of yet another fall. Despite the failure of the stunt, probably the most widely publicized in history, Knievel was assured of $6 million and stood to earn much more from proceeds of a live closed-circuit telecast and related deals. Promoters of the telecast had been predicting the total take could reach $20 million, but they said Sunday evening that it would be at least 24 hours before ticket sales were known. Asked if he would attempt the stunt again, Knievel responded, “I don’t know what I’m going to do. I sat in it and gave it my best.” “Metal Fatigue” In a late night telephone call to television station KUTV in Salt Lake City, Knievel said that “metal fatigue” had caused bolts holding a canister containing the parachutes to sheer off when the engine fired, sending the chutes spilling out behind. The surprise call from Kni stead, ward the vehicle lurched up-for nine seconds and | black veered to the right. Then, about 1,000 feet in the air, it turned downward and began the twisting, nose-first descent that hushed the thousands of onlookers. Pushed by a brisk north wind, the cycle glanced off a canyon shelf and onto rocks about 20 feet from the Snake river, where it came to rest right side up. Knievel said that piece of luck saved his life. Even for skeptics, KnieveTs attempt to hurtle himself over the canyon was spectacular, dangerous and suspenseful. And the Mnotana - born huckster-stuntman carried off the defeat with characteristically arrogant style. Gripping his custom - built cane, Knievel walked along the metal fences surrounding the launch area to shake hands with his assembled admirers. “You are the living god,” one group cried Wit to the figure in the stars-and-stripes jump suit. In his telephone call to KUTV, Knievel cautioned adventurous children: “Maybe because I made this jump, young children will realize that even with the best help in the world, maybe this is not the thing to do ” Promoters of the stunt had consistently predicted a turnout of 50,000, but less than half that number appeared to be on hand. Twin Falls county Sheriff Paul Corder estimated the crowd at 15,000. Tight Money Already Eased, Officials Say Vietnam Amnesty Off ‘Indefinitely1 WASHINGTON (AP) -President Ford has postponed indefinitely his decision on conditional amnesty for Viet-nam-era deserters and draft resisters because he wants more time 'to consider the complex problem, but there is no change from his previously announced belief that there should be case-by-case review, Deputy Press vSecretary John Hushen said Monday. “my mistakes over Watergate.” And, in the ensuing hours, there were these major disclosures and developments: Jerald terHorst, a close Fwd friend and adviser, quit as White House press secretary, saying “mercy, like justice, must ... be even-handed” and “I couldn’t in good conscience support the President’s decision . . . even though I knew he took that action in good conscience. Many Democrats and some Republicans in congress voiced dismay at the pardon, contend ing it set a double standard of justice. But other Republicans, including Vice-president-desig- Richard M. Nixon (Texts of President Ford’s and former President Nixon’s statements on page 9.) aaaaaa. be revived so that Nixon could be called as a witness in the interest of “completing the record of Richard Nixon’s abuse of the presidency.” Ford aides made public an Jaworski agreement they had reached with Nixon to preserve his White House files for at least the former President to destroy any White House tape recordings after September, 1979. Although Fords announcement caught the capital and the country by surprise, sources said it had been preceded by IO days of legal deliberations and negotiations with Nixon and special Watergate prosecutor Leon Unwise, Untimely” It also represented a reversal By Edwin Dale evel’s motel room here was to;New Yortt T,m*‘Serv,c# a talk show, “Take 2”, hosted | WASHINGTON - High Feder-by John Prince with newsman al Reserve officials have gone; out of their way to point out, for the first time, that the reserve’s highly restrictive monetary poii-During the conversation, Kni-|cyJ|M already been cased to a was down to 11.5 percent “And that is where we want it Bruce Northcott, which fea hired videotapes of the abor tive jump. rate on very short term loans from one bank to another. In the week ending July 3 this rate was at its peak of 13.6 percent. Then it began to fall irregularly and by last week it evel stressed that he had nonsignificant degree. They add inadvertently activated the that no substantial further parachute system—one explana- casing should be expected, tion offered for the mishap. Earlier, just after his rescue, the dazed Knievel walked back sources came shortly after a big toward the launch ramp and majority of economists, conser-said, “The machine was going ,vative as well as liberal, agreed sideways on me. I tried to at the White House “pre-sum- These comments from highly authoritative Federal Reserve CARMEN DAMAGE — Service station attendant Tim Carter, of Franklin, La., rests his foot on gas pump that was blown over by Hurricane Carmen Sunday. The storm tore away half of his station. on me. steer it. I just don't know what happened.” The steam-powered Sky-Cycle was to have traveled 3,000 feet at 300 miles per hour, enough to carry it well beyond the opposite canyon rim, 1,600 feet away. Veered Right Eighteen seconds after launch, Knievel was to have thrown the lever deploying the chutes to carry the missile earthward. In- Today s Index Comics ........  18 Crossword    ................. 18 Daily Record ................3 Deaths  .................. 3 Editorial Features ......... 8 Farm ...............  12 Financial    .......  ID Marion ..................... 9 Movies .................... 17 Society ...............  IO Sports .................. 13-16 State ......................4,5 Television    .............  ll Want Ads............... 21-25 mit” meeting with President Ford last Thursday that the time had come for a moderate casing of the tight money policy. “We’ve been ahead of the game,” said a high official. Money market participants have presumably sensed what has been happening since the delicate easing process started in about mid-July. But the Federal Reserve itself has been silent until now. Specifically, last week when a seemingly technical change was made in bank reserve requirements on large certificates of deposit, the Federal Reserve played down in its announcement any possible “easing” effects of the move. Now high officials say openly that the move was intended to be a step toward ease. The major evidence cited by officials to show that policy has eased already is the movement of the key “federal funds” interest rate, the only rate that the Federal Reserve virtually controls by its actions. This is the to be,” said a high official, meaning that it was not a market aberration of some kind that had reduced the rate. Golf Gear Grabber New Ellis Hazard Two Cedar Rapids youths encountered an obstacle at the 13th tee of the Ellis golf course Sunday afternoon, and it wasn’t a sand trap, water hole, or rough. Someone stole their golfing equipment. Randy Dietzman, 15, of 441 Owen street NW, and Randy Richardson, 16, of 814 Owen street NW, left their golf carts at the 13th tee while they putted on the 12th green. When they returned, the equipment valued at $730 was gone. Dietzman lost $365 worth of equipment including a golf cart, set of left-handed clubs, IOO balls, and a spare pair of golf shoes. Richardson also lost $365 worth of equipment, including clubs, cart, bag, golf balls, and an extra pair of golf shoes. Most React Negatively to Ford Pardon Cedar Rapids Newt— The tone of reaction Monday by Cedar Rapids residents to the pardon of former President Richard Nixon was mostly negative, but some had mixed feelings. They ought to find out what he is charged with before they pardon him, was the blunt assessment by Mayor Donald Can-ney. “To my knowledge he has never been charged with a crime.” “It seems to me,” said Margaret Bemstorf, 6706 Devonshire drive NE, “like he (President Ford) is trying to do things that temporarily will heal the three years for possible court of Ford,s Previous Public state* use. But the agreement allows1 (Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Cover-Up Lawyers To Ask Delays, Dismissal WASHINGTON (AP) - De lense lawyers in the Watergate cover-up case are reshaping their strategies, hoping the un conditional pardon of former President Nixon will turn the jury their way or even result in dismissal of charges. At least one defendant, H. R. Haldeman, planned to make new efforts at delaying the six-man conspiracy trial, scheduled to begin Sept. 30. President Ford’s “free, full and absolute pardon” of Nixon, for all offenses he may have committed while President, does not extend to the numerous former Nixon lieutenants who already have pled guilty, been convicted or still face charges in Watergate and related cases. (Iowa reaction to the pardon on page 4.) wounds — so we can go forward on other important matters facing the country.” “Slap in Face” “It was a slap in the face to the intelligence of the American people,” said C. M Manley, 1635 Grande avenue SE. Anita Terpstra, chairman of the lJnn County Democratic central committee, said she waf “rather appalled. I was shocked the President would take such action without going through the judicial process.” Mrs. Terpstra said she did not believe the presidential pardon would evolve into a campaign issue, “but the fact the constitutional process was not used should help our candidates. “I am really disappointed,” she continued. “The process should have been allowed to (Continued: Page ll, Col. 4.) mm? mast. Today's Chuckle There is one way to protect yourself against crime. Go to a karate school and stay there. Copyright BH iii IWW I 'WMH "MI i Til , “Logically” One of Haldeman’s lawyers, Frank Strickler, suggested it should. ‘From what the President said, if you follow it logically, lie could find grounds to do the same thing for Haldeman,” Strickler said Sunday. “It’s a logical extension. It seems to me something that might follow.” But he would not say whether an appeal will be made to Ford. Although the grand jury named Nixon an unindicted coconspirator in the case, no charges had been brought against him. But Ford’s counsel, Philip Buchen, said "I think it would be very likely that he! would be indicted.” He said there were “lots of precedents” for pardons in advance of charges, citing one during the administration of Woodrow Wilson and others granted by Abraham Lincoln. No Thought “As far as I know, no thought has been given” to granting pardons to the cover-up defendants, Buchen said. They are, in addition to Haldeman, John Ehr-lichman, John Mitchell, Gordon Strachan, Robert Mardian and Kenneth Parkinson. President Ford’s action does not mean the end of Nixon’s legal involvement, however. He has been subpoenaed by Ehr-lichman, his former chief domestic adviser, as a witness at the trial, and numerous civil suits name him as a defendant. The pardon applies only to “all offenses against the United States” during his presidency. That would preclude any federal prosecutions for income    tax fraud, for example, but    not state charges if brought. Leg a1 sources said that as a witness at the cover-up trial, Nixon will not be able to claim his constitutional right against self-incrimination because    he can no longer be prosecuted for any incriminating admissions. Divided Watergate defense lawyers were divided in their evaluation of the pardon’s impact on the trial. One said he doubts any jury can convict any of the defendants when the “leader of the socalled Watergate has been re-ieved of any responsibility for his acts.” Another lawyer said: “He’s (Nixon) been named as an unindicted coconspirator and he’s been let off. The jury is going to mow that before the trial . . . and during the trial... I think it’s going to be favorable to the defendants.” But a third attorney said: “I can’t think of any way it’s going to help. To me, ifs just not in the books.” And another: “The public is going to construe this as a par-con of a criminal. It’s bound to lave some effect on the men who were his assistants.” ’oil: 58% Opposed Amnesty for Nixon NEW YORK (AP) - Newsweek magazine says SC percent of Americans opposed amnesty for former President Nixon in a poll taken three days before he was pardoned by President Ford. Newsweek said Sunday that the Gallup organization’s telephone poll of 519 persons showed 33 percent in favor of giving Nixon immunity from prosecution and 9 percent undecided. The survey also tallied 49 percent of the respondents in favor of amnesty for men wiio evaded the draft during Uh? Vietnam war, while 40 percent opposed the move and ll percent were undecided. For deserters during the war, the sampling reported that 41 percent favored some form of amnesty, 49 percent were opposed .md IO percent had no opinion. ;