Low Resolution Image: Become a member to access this full resolution image at 375% higher quality.

OCR Text

Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - October 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Editorial Page Tuesday, October S, 1974 Punishments that fit Before the courts and congress go gung*ho (a farfetched possibility at best) on Attorney General Saxbe’s call for prison sentences to “white collar” crooks, a pause to let the light of reason shine on this a moment would be useful. Mr. Saxbe finds it galling that price-fixers (violating anti-trust laws) and tax evaders usually get gentler punishment than burglars, robbers and car thieves. The first type is “no better than” the second type, he claimed in a speech last week, and thus there is injustice in statistics such as this. In fiscal 1974, 1,128 persons were sentenced for federal income tax fraud, but only 392 went to prison and only 94 of those got more than one year. And only five of 26 anti-trust violators wound up doing time — for 30 days. Yet of 1,612 auto-theft convictees, 1,142 went to prison — averaging a three-year sentence. Deplorably uneven treatment? Maybe so, but if the punishments show wide disparity, so do the crimes. Robbers hold up people, usually at weapon-point, often hurting them physically, always with the threat of harm hanging heavy. Burglars enter premises to steal personal belongings, commonly with violence at least a threat in what , goes on. Car thieves, too, commit a personal affront, take something tangible from individuals. The victims CAN get damaged physically thereby. Price fixers and tax dodgers don’t hurt anybody’s person, don’t do violence, don’t threaten damage physically or mentally, but perpetrate an Bipersonal wrong. In sum, the “dollar value” of the price-fix tax-dodge crime may run much higher on the average than it does in rob-and-steal crime. But the danger and the real harm to people do not correspond between the two kinds of crime, and that is why the punishments don’t either, as a rule. By arguing, in essence, that the two have equal gravity and therefore should equate in punishments, Mr. Saxbe falls into a classic miscomparison of prunes and lemons. Similarly he appears to blur distinctions as to what the foremost purpose of incarceration is: To put the criminal away so he no longer can hurt others — to protect the rest of us from harm — until the felon finds persuasion not to do it all again on getting out. Those considerations also differ drastically between the “white collar” felon and the steal-rob type. What counts for more than who may be “better than” whom, in seeing justice done, is what kinds of crime are worse than other kinds in how much harm they do to people and in how severe a danger they impose on those of us who do abide Ky ’aw. What congress should consider sooner than a five-year term for anti-trust lawbreakers is a surer way to see that criminals convicted of the same kind of crime — however damaging it is — more uniformly pay the same price. Bill Anderson WILLIAM B. ANDERSON, who preferred to be known as Bill, will be remembered as one of the leaders of West Branch who recognized many years ago the need for a wholehearted civic effort to make the birthplace of Herbert Hoover. Iowa’s only U.S. President, a national shrine. Along with others, he started to work toward this laudable goal even before the late President completed his term in the White House in 1933. Little did they know then that President Hoover eventually would choose his home town over his beloved Stanford university to be the site of his presidential library. Today that library occupies a conspicuous place in the tidy 33-acre park that also contains the little cottage where President Hoover was born IOO years ago and the graves where he and Mrs. Hoover are buried. The complex, probably the only one of its kind in the United States, embraces the life span of a great American and stands as tribute to the vision of Bill Anderson and other West Branch citizens who helped to make it possible. Bill Anderson died last Saturday at 78 after a long and useful life. He not only headed various citizen organizations promoting the historic site but served also as West Branch’s mayor for six years and as Cedar county Republican chairman for IO years. He was a native son of whom all Iowans can justly be proud Moderates in charge Reform Demos lose By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON — The shrillness of reform demands by the Democratic party's left wing can be explained by the now unmistakable fact that it has lost the year long battle to control the party's mid-term convention at Kansas City in December. That outcome is revealed in careful, private delegate analysis by the moderate Coalition for a Democratic Majority (CDM) Previously far more pessimistic than Democratic National Chairman Robert Strauss about preventing a Kansas City recurrence of the 1972 Miami Beach debacle. CDM now projects a 200-delegate moderate majority at Kansas City The left also knows what looms at Kansas City That explains reformist demands for concessions from Strauss in advance of the mid-term convention The most recent demands were made last week in a visit to Strauss by a delegation headed by Miles Rubin, Los Angeles industrialist and major fund raiser for the 1972 McGovern campaign The meticulously prepared CDM survey shows 806 moderates. 670 reformists, 189 swing delegates and 32 loyal to Gov George Wallace What’s more, this is based on a highly pessimistic estimate of results in the delegate selection next month in California caucuses: IOO reformists. 50 moderates Viewing early successes in Mountain and Great Plains states by McGovernite forces. CDM last June gloomily projec ted a virtual standoff at Kansas City — 81 to 718 in favor of the moderates (with 125 sw ing delegates and 74 Wallaceites). The big New York delegation is a principal reason for CDM * revised estimate. While the June projection gave reformists 71 to 79 edge in New York. CDM’s analysis of the delegation actually elected in the Sept. IO primary shows a IOO to 41 moderate advantage A major reason the gubernatorial nomination of Rep Hugh Carey, a moderate liberal expected to generally follow the lead of Strauss and the moderates But CDM tempers its enthusiasm. Even though the left will enter Kansas City with only 39 percent of the delegates, it will be more cohesive and better disciplined than the moderates Moreover, the reformists will try hard to draw support from the ll percent of “swing’’ delegates — including 5(1 delegates from Ohio controlled by (tov John J Gilligan and scores of United Auto Workers delegates Finally, there is concern about Strauss’ desire to position himself in the middle of party ideological disputes. Although Strauss stood firm against the Rubin group's demands last week, some moderates feel he may give away too much on an issue where there seems no room left for compromise: the continuing, potentially destructive struggle over racial quotas in the Democratic party PoblisnervHolt Syndicate Hard bargain urged in reconciling Cuba By William F. Buckley, jr. ONE IS GREATLY moved by the Cuban Americans who see it coming, and are heartsick at the prospect of it. They have much ta learn from Yugoslav Americans, and Polish Americans, and Czechoslovak Americans whose gestures are reduced to an annual parade, and who are not even conspicuous in the ranks of (hone who demand a policy of firmness towards the Sov iet Union It is almost certain now that it is only a matter of time before relations between the United States and Cuba are “normalized.’’ Normalized is here defined as: we will desist from doing anything at all that is inconvenient to Cuba, and Cuba will continue to do exactly as Cuba desires to do with respect to us. and other countries in the hemisphere To be sure. she may promise to stop “exporting’’ her revolution. There are those who will remember that Maxim Litvinov promised Ie stop doing that, extending his hand on it to the country squire in the White House. The notion that the Soviet Union would actually disestablish its Comintern because Litvinov promised Roosevelt that it would, is the kind of thing one recounts as a joke at Leninist bars, after the third vodka. The most intensive activities of the Comintern followed the Litvinov pact and included the liquidation of Trotsky. It is true that the communists are influenced by reality , and the stock of Climber worth watching A Rumsfeld: top-office timber? By James Reston WASHINGTON — The man to watch in the Ford administration over the next few months is Donald ‘ Rummy’’ Rumsfeld, the 42-year-old former IV S ambassador to NATO, who has just taken over as the President's top staff coordinator at the White House. Top coordinators usually wind up on the bottom of the pile in this town. but if anybody can bring order and new talent into the Ford administration. Rumsfeld will be in the slot to do it He will not have the authority of H R. Haldeman. or AI Haig, who were President Nixon's chiefs of staff in the White House (Hit Ford insisted on giving him a job he didn t want to take, and is likely to give him as much running room as he needs. The two men have liven close for years. Rumsfeld served four terms in the house of representatives from the fashionable 13th district of Illinois, north of Chicago, and led the fight to make Ford the Republican leader of the house. He was seriously considered by Ford, along with Nelson Rockefeller and Republican National Chairman George Bush, for nomination as vice-president after the resignation of Nixon. Rumsfeld also has strong support within the Republican party as one of the most attractive ami capable leaders*of the rising generation He was off touring with his family in Italy rn the last days of the Nixon administration and heard the news late. He called Washington and was asked by Ford to fly immediately to Washington to help with the staffing of the White House At that time. his advice was to move quickly to establish Ford's own men in the White House and the cabinet It was practical to give a sense of continuity for a short while, he suggested, but if the around the White House, and to transfer other Nixon men from one job to another There is little in Rumsfeld’s record! to suggest that he will be nonpartisan in his recommendations. He started out in congress as a traditional conservative His voting record in the house on New Frontier and Great Society social legisla-i Hon followed the recommendations of the I' S. Chamber of Commerce UM) percent » in 1967 Like Ford, he has been in the forefront of his party’s battles.    | Within his party, however, he has shown considerable talent for change and for taking chances with his own career He not only helped lead the revolt against the Republican old guard in the days of Charlie Halleck. but joined with Democrats m an assault on the seniority system He fought for campaign expenditure reform, urged the replacement of the draft with a volunteer army, probed the substitution of South Vietnamese snldiers for Americans against the wishes of Nixon, and left the congress to take over the administration of the embattled Office of Economic Opportunity. In this job, he had the reputation of a tough and efficient administrator of a 12 billion budget, highly controversial within the White House, where he clashed with H. R Haldeman and John Ehrtichman in trying to keep the poverty program going. In 1979. demonstrating his willingness to take on the tough assignments. he became counselor to Nixon and director of the Cost bf Living Council But his problems with Haldeman and Ehrlich-man persisted, and he asked for a foreign post and was named envoy to NATO in December of 1972 This post has greatly broadened his experience and widened his acquaintance with experts in the diplomatic and military fields It was his intention to resign from this post and accept a university presidency or go back into the investment banking business when Ford persuaded him to return to the White House I His view is that this is not the ideal spot for an ambitious politician, and Rumsfeld is nothing if not ambitious He is a handsome, athletic, cheerful man. a former captain of the wrestling learn at Princeton, and a naval flyer and flight instructor for 41 months from fc954 to 1957 So it would not be a bad idea to keep your eye on “Rummy ’’ He could turn oui to be in the right place with the right credentials for much larger things in his party. He will be only 44 in 1976. and nobody knows at this date whether Ford will put politics ahead of his j*»r-sonal responsibilities in the next presidential election I    Me*    York    Time*    Service Donald Rumsfeld President wattid t>eyond the November election, it would be more difficult to change and might even give the impression that Ford was merely presiding over the old Nixon team The new President did not take his advice then. He is coming under int reusing criticism for not moving faster Presumably. Rumsfeld had some assurance that the waiting period is over and that he would in* given the task of helping speed things up It will no! Im* an easy job In the early days »*f the administration. Ford was urged by some of his associates, not by Rumsfeld, to give bis administration a national character by selecting the best men he could find, regardless of party According to this thesis he would have a wider choice of talents He could demonstrate that, as a man appointed rather than elected, and confirmed by a Democratic congress, he was determined to offer a country, sick of politics, a substantially new nonpartisan administration    * Ford did not follow ibis advice, either He has shown a tendency to turn to old friends, to k»*ep on many Nixon appointees who have very little to do People’s forum Gas tax To the Editor In this day of runaway inflation, we find Federal Energy administrator John Sawbills gas tax recommendation border ng on the ridiculous. In his effort to conserve our energy he seems to have forgotten our inflation problems. As owners of a small business that covers an extensive area and is bast'd almost entirely on service in the home. we can set* clearly that the extra 20 to 30 cents per gallon increase in gasoline would necessitate an increase in costs bt our customers Immediately we have caused additional inflation Ibm many other types of business, including clothing and food, are dependent on gasoline in some way’ What do you imagine will happen to almost all retail prices in just a matter of days? Mr. Saw hill stated that if we didn’t spend as much on gasoline we d have more to spend on other things We certainly will. There has gut to be a better way lo conserve energy without adding to our inflationary situation The best way. we believe, is to begin in our own homes and families Turn down those thermostats and don’t drive when you can walk. lf we don’t, our government will Mr and Mrs Jess W Shannon Route 1. Marion repeal! of section 14B of the Taft-Hartley act I .see nothing wmng with requiring all employe* lo join a union if a majority of the employes vote to be represented by tire union. After all. those who get the benefits of the union should pay for them However. I am going to vote for Riley anyway because he. at least, has the courage tm take a stand on a controversial issue without beating around the bush. . His opptmrnt. Michael Bloum. ob the other hand. repeatedly tried to avoid answering ttie repeal question and even veteran reporter Frank Nye couldn’t get Blouin to make it clear where he really stands. Blouin has received financial support from many unions in the country who thought he was a man of conviction Ttsev, as well as the general public, are entitled to a yes rn* no answer on repealing section 14B and doing away w»ith Iowa’s right to work law We don’t need any more “typical politicians’’ in congress. (I am a-union member and a Demm-rat ) Richard Steinke 1561 Eighth avenue SE Ineffectual Handling To the Editor I disagree with the stand that Tom Riley took Oct. 3 on channel 12, against To the Editor I am interested as to what purpose the Citizens Committee on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse serves. I personally have reason to doubtf the sincerity of the counselors or the usefulness of this organization. Cuban communism is riding pretty low in Latin America. After 15 years of Cuban communism, sugar is rationed It reminds one of the hard observation about what would happen if the communists took over the Sahara desert. Answer Nothing — for 59 years. Then there would Im* a shortage of sand. There is a shortage of everything in Cuba except bombast Particularly there is a shortage of human freedom. The emigration from Cuba matches that from any country in the history of the century And it is these men and women, who were promised by President Kennedy at a blubbery session in Miami in 1963 that one day their country would be free again, who feel now the anticipatory pain. the needle of the diplomatic punctilio that will officially shatter their dreams But one does wonder whether there is anyone in the Ford administration working on a quid pro quo? For instance: 1. There are thousands upon thousands of Cubans who are now United States citizens, who would like to visit their relatives in Cuba These are Americans by law. But in many cases, the Cuban government, through a variety of representative's, has said that it does not recognize their foreign citizenship. That they are guilty of crimes against Cuba. and subject to arrest if they come in to Cuba. Here. surely, the Cnited States should be unbending If we have relations with Cuba of a normal kind, we cannot expect that Cuba would entertain firebrand revolutionaries going over there with the dark purpose of introducing a little freedom into Cuba. But we should insist on de jure recognition of the fact of C. S citizenship if granted to a former Cuban national 2. The investments in Cuba of American individuals and American companies are substantially lost, written off. But a gesture is in order Such a gesture might be devised from a special sugar price, calculated to return to these companies at least a part of the value of their confiscated investments 3. There is no reason, at a moment when we arc withholding “most favored nation” privileges from the Soviet Union because of its restrictions in migration. to fail lo insist on symmetrical concessions by Castro Cuba It is. as things stand, a capital offense to attempt to flee Cuba without a special license Whether we won our point or not. surely a dramatization of it at the bargaining table will on the one hand put pressure on Castro, and on the other. bring a sense of purpose, and relief, to the Cuban Americans whose interests we have so neglectfully watched mer during our long retreat from the Monroe Dor-trine Washington Star Syndical* William F. Buckley, j» A A member of my’immediate family was arrested recentiy for intoxication and held in the tank until the next morning Appearing rn court, he was ordered to serve 39 days in the county jail, which was suspended on the condition he work with this alcoholism committee for 99 days and stay very clean His appeal bond was set at $50 He attended three meetings to which he went with alcohol on his breath. He claims he was told by a lady counselor he didn t need to attend, as he certainly was no alcoholic How do you judge this in three one-hour sessions9 I think when you can’t pass a bar without stopping, and this happens four or five days per week. and you forget your family until you're na urunk that all you can do is beat and threaten them, then if you’re not already an alcoholic you’re on your way to becoming a good one Just maybe if this person had been made to continue these meetings it might have done some good. Now all he has is a broken home, a divorce which will soon be final and a beer bottle after 5 On top of this the taxpayers’ money was wasted when he was arrested and taken to court because he never fulfilled the conditions he was given, lf all alcoholics are men who drink too much and are handled this way by this committee, then this, too, is a waste sf our money which is n<*eded elsewhere. I’m not belittling all the members of this group. I know Father George is very intermded in this problem as probably many more people in this community are I definitely do think there should be a home and-habit study of these people when they are referred lo this eommittee, not just the man s word Margaret Mulholland 1892 Hamilton street SW w I Free agents ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette