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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 23, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa ftajnda 4$&$tHt Editorial Page Saturday, November 23, 1974 Odors still offending Summit seen as wedge in Sino-Soviet gap To counter the pleasant bonuses of a lengthy Indian summer, nature and man's devices once again have conspired to give Cedar Rapidians an odoriferous atmospheric inversion. To put it less euphemistically, repeated changes of temperature from warm to cool have caused odors to hang near the ground instead of rising high into the atmosphere. The result is a sickening stench. It settles like an invisible rancid toad downtown and spreads occasionally into the suburbs. Memory is a deceiver, as always, but sometimes odors in the downtown area seem as bad as the offensive blend of industrial and waste-disposal smells inflicted before the city and Linn county attacked air pollution through law and persuasion in the mid and late-1960s. Were we all dreaming, or did the city pioneer the state’s first municipal air pollution control ordinance? Was it a facade, or did the city join with industry in spending more than $7 million in air-cleaning devices between 1966 and 1970? Of course, the record is indelibly praiseworthy. Ask city officials and they will show you the sewage treatment plant’s famed “aroma-domes” — Styrofoam covers which trap waste treatment odors until they are treated with sweet-smelling ozone. Approach most industrial plant managers and they will show you sophisticated roof- and stack-mounted smoke combusters, electrostatic precipitators and Cyclone air cleaners. Look about during a crosstown drive and you will see air quality monitoring devices used by the county public health department. But no the control matter how effective of particulate matter may be, odor pollution here remains offensive enough to join traffic-hindering trains as a drawback which most surprises out-of-towners. Who are the offenders? Residents with knowing nostrils claim to trace the acrid, pungent odor to one source, the rancid, barnyard-type smell to another and the rotten-egg, sewer gas stench to still another. This is not to hang a rap on anyone. The point is that citizens consider better air pollution control a top city improvement goal. Sentiments crystallized last year when a city questionnaire showed 3,550 of 11,000* respondents giving first or second priority to clean-air efforts. This fall, the city’s four quadrant liaison committees for community development    have rated air quality control among the city’s most compelling needs. Better enforcement of the air pollution control law thus could become subject to federal community development    (CD) funding (approximately    $1.3 million for each of the next three years). Importantly, one of CD’s purposes is elimination of conditions detrimental to health, safety and public welfare. Cleaning up the air belongs in that category. To their credit, public officials and spokesmen for industry have never claimed that air-cleaning innovations of the past decade qualify the city for a permanent blue ribbon. The goal has been to improve the atmosphere as funds and improved technology allow. As pressures building in all city quadrants suggest, the public thinks plenty more should be done. That conclusion requires equipment no more sophisticated than one’s own nose. Useless concessions For several weeks now some economists and several Democratic leaders have seemed bent on getting a concession out of President Ford that our economy has reached the recession stage. Even Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott joined the chorus recently and he’s not alone among Republicans singing that song. Comes now the President’s press secretary, Ron Nessen, with a statement to the effect that November economic statistics indicate the nation is moving into a recession. This is the nearest the administration has come to conceding a recession is at hand. Which raises the question: Is this concession really necessary? Since when do the people, who have the best feel of the economic pulse, need a concession from the President or any other higher up to know whether or not they are involved in a recession? Candidly, it has never been possible to put much stock in concessions, which have little or nothing to do with the fact. The recent election provided a prime example of that. Former Governor Rhodes went to bed election night after conceding defeat in his bid to recapture the governorship of Ohio. But did that end the matter? No way. When Governor Rhodes woke up the next morning he was still very much in the race and, as of this moment, he appears to be the winner. So what did his concession amount to? Empty ritual. The people do not need a presidential concession to inform them whether a recession has struck. With prices the way they are and soaring, they have more important matters than concessions to concern them deeply. By William Satire WASHINGTON — In trying to grasp the strategy’ of global diplomacy, one of the best questions to ask is “why now?” Why was President Ford hurried into the Vladivostok summit with Leonid Brezhnev, about six months ahead of schedule? Not because the two leaders want to size each other up, not because SALT negotiations require a summit meeting; not because of the danger of war in the Mideast, which may dominate the discussions. The underlying reason we pressed for this summit at this time is that the opening that permitted our creative diplomacy over the last five years is showing signs of closing. Secretary Kissinger is duty-bound to deny that reason, just as he must deny that the dramatic split in the communist world between the Soviets and Chinese* was deliberately and skillfully exploited by the United States. As a result of our ‘‘triangulation,” the Soviet Union changed its methods, if not its goals, in pursuing detente; the Chinese countered by beginning “normalization” with us; and leverage was applii*d to bring an end to the nee*d for our involvement in Vietnam. But the Soviets and Chinese could not permit our exploitation of their deepseated disagreements to go on forever; recently, there have been signs that one area of their relations has been improving — far from a reconciliation, but enough to make our manipulation more difficult. Soviet policy, which had tripled troop strength on the Chinese border in the last three years, is showing signs of flexibility. Some river islands are being offered up; and border patrols are fewer, to reduce incidents. For their part, the Chinese appear to have calk'd off the threatened “show trial” of a Russian helicopter crew shot down over Chinese territory, and have stopped demanding a pre-negotiations admission that all czarist-Manchu treaties were imperialistic. Trade, which had dropped to $50 million a year, is now up to the rate of $.100 million; both the Chinese and Soviets had representatives at a recent private meeting at the Rome Food Conference, and nonaggression pacts are being proposed publicly. These small steps toward compromise are accompanied still by mutual denunciations of ideological revisionism, and these tirades are likely to continue. Why? A good guess is that both nations see the need to improve their state-to- William Sabre state relations while continuing their international Communist party battle. That guess makes sense because the central concern in China now is the succession to Mao and Chou. Through the mists, one can discern the emergence of another team of Mr. Inside and Mr. Outside. Mr. Inside, Ten Hsiao-ping, was a high party official ousted during the cultural revolution and has now made a comeback to deputy premier; Mr. Outside, Chiao Kuam-hua, was the U N. delegate and has just become foreign minister. When Mao and Chou are gone, these two could lead a collegium in the mourning period. During that year-long mourning, any change in policy would be seen as disrespect to Mao’s memory, accordingly, the aging Chou is calling for moderation in state-to-state relations with the Sovi-ets at this time, which will make it easier for the successors to keep the sampan from rocking. But the shift away from national confrontation means that our exploitable gap will be narrowed; it will be that much harder for us to play the Soviets against the Chinese in the future. In this light, it is easier to understand the otherwise-inexplicable rush to a summit in Vladivostok. Chinese fears of U S.-U S S R secret deals will be raised as Ford and Brezhnev announce “conceptual breakthroughs” on arms limitation. This summit then becomes the springboard for the important meeting — perhaps the final meeting — between Secretary Kissinger and Premier Chou in Peking on Monday. For the Chinese, a Kissinger visit now is useful to prepare for the succession, and as a final Chou effort to put our feet to the fire about our recognition of Taiwan. For the Soviets, a summit now is useful in getting the new U.S. President to commit more aid in helping Russians cope with the failures of their own technocracy. For the U.S., Ford s trip now is an effort to stick a wedge between door and doorjam. The Sino-Soviet split was our once-in-a-generation opportunity and we made the most of it. We are hurrying now to leverage as much as we can before the opening really begins to close. New York Time* Service People's forumSaving dolphins To the Editor: An original group of seven pupils became interested in researching the study of dolphins after having come upon an article in National Wildlife magazine. Their interest grew; letters were sent to such places as government agencies in Washington, our congressman, and Sea Worlds in Florida and California for information. The committee of seven soon began giving presentations on dolphins, accompanied by meaningful posters, to \arious classes within the school. More young people became interested, and presently the committee has increased to approximately 50 children. The prerequisite in joining the SO D. (Save Our Dolphins committee) is that everyone must be well read and versed on the subject, so that he may be calk'd on at any time to speak on the subject with facts and valid information. Colorful posters are being sent to various cities in the U. S. to encourage interest in saving our dolphins. Posters will be displayed also in Cedar Rapids and Marion at various locations. The purpose, as created by the committee, is to inform the public on the problem of the possibk* extinction of dolphins and to encourage interest. The accompanying letter was written by the original committee of six boys and one girl. The entire committee consists of 50 students from Main elementary school (Linn-Mar schools), Marion. Sandy Nassif Daoud, teacher Main elementary sc hool Linn-Mar Community district Marion To the Editor; The extinction of the dolphin is near. Many dolphins are being killed because of the method used in catching fish; a purse net is used. Dolphins swim under schools of tuna and when the fishermen catch the tuna, the dolphins are caught, too. They panic and drown. Between 200,000 and 500,000 dolphins die each year because of this tuna catching method. Since tuna fishermen startl'd using purse nets in 1907, approximately 20 million dolphins have died. Dolphins have helped with underwater exploration and sea technology. We know of the dolphin’s ability through sonar to “see” underwater, whereas mans vision is limited. So, scientificul- Dollar-shrink    overstressedf Who wants return to’39? By Don Oakley A familiar and effective way of bringing home the nation's economic situation is to compare the value of the dollar with what it was rn some other, presumably more-prosperous, year. According to one recent analysis, for example, in the lifetime of half of all Americans — those born since 1946 — the value of the dollar has shrunk by 60 cents At this rate, the “1946 dollar” will be worth only 16 cents in another 28 years To put it another way, to have the same purchasing power as today’s ”40-cent dollar,” a person making $7,200 today would have to earn $18,000 in the year 2002 A $30 pair of shoes will cost $75. The average family’s weekly food budget will rise from $62 to $152, and so on. It could happen sooner than 28 years if the present rate of inflation were to continue unchecked The dollar would look even more minuscule, however, if we were to compare it with its 1939 counterpart, as we used to do back when inflation was a minor, and some thought a necessary and welcome, factor in the economy. But how many people would like to return to 1939? For all the ravages of inflation, most Americans are far better off than they were in 1939, or 1946 for that matter, the “40-cent dollar” notwithstanding. This is not to minimize inflation, which has grown to such dimensions that, as Presdent Ford has warned, it threatens the future of all of us. It is merely to point out the fallacy of using the shrinking dollar as the only yardstick to measure where we have been and where we seem to be going. For the price of three* or four modern key-start, self-propel led lawnmowers, you could have bought an automobile in 1939 But many people didn’t have a yard to cut flack then, if they had a pushmower, much less a house on that yard filled with all kinds of appliances Much of what we consider necessities today were undreamed of luxuries not many years ago. Again, this is not to minimize the threat of inflation. But there is no going back to the 1939 dollar or the 1946 dollar or even to the 1973 dollar. What is important is that we take the steps needed to maintain and safeguard the nation’s basic economic strength so that the 1975 dollar or the 1990 dollar or the 2002 dollar, whatever they may Im* “worth” in terms of some other year, continue to enable more and more Americans to afford the good things of life. Ne*looper Enterer!** Anociation Thank you for the honor, Judge . house calls ' but we don ’t make ly, dolphins serve man in learning about life under water. Some dolphins have helped fishermen by driving fish into their nets. They have saved the lives of people drowning. In Florida, a woman was swimming and was caught by a strong current and couldn’t fight her way (tut. She gave up hope. Then something suddenly gave her a great shove onto the beach. Looking back she saw a dolphin leaping and playing in the water. A man on the beach told her that the dolphin had pushed her ashore. The dolphin may simply have been playing. No one can tell. But it did save the woman’s life. This is only one of countless experiences man has had with our friends, the dolphins. Dolphins once were an animal of freedom and peace. Now their existence is in danger. The dolphins are our friends; they have saved many people at different points of the world. Once in the summer at Opononi Beach resort in New Zealand, sunbathers laughed and swam in the shallow waters, A dolphin appeared among them and started to frolic alongside them. The dolphin was so friendly that people wert* able to play with her. Some even went for rides on her back. The dolphin was nicknamed Opo, and her fame spread. People came from miles around hoping to cult h a glimpse of her. The government started to put through a law that would protect Opo, but one day in March, 1956, the dolphin wasInsights found dead. She had become stranded on some nearby rocks after a storm. The country has since mourned with an annual memorial day for Opo. Opo had brought joy and happiness to young and old alike. Won’t you please be concerned? Dolphins do so much for us. Now what can we do for them? Brian Rudish, Jeff Iliff, Tom Larson, Daryl Bark, Scott Mayne, Tracy Media rig, Ed Fillmore Students, Main elementary school, Linn-Mar district, Marion Taken in vain To the Editor: Concerning the cartoon in The Gazette Nov. 16 depicting some oil rich Arab sheiks and their bags of money — it may In* all right to print, but to slur the name, of the laird above the cartoon is downright blasphemy. Allah happens to lie the Arabic name for Lord — the same God that Jews and Christians worship. R. Y. Joseph 1900 ( ach Lane SUTie-downs? Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm. Ralph Waldo Emerson To the Editor: I ve lieen listening all day long to my radio in my little old taxicab as I roil along. Every 15 minutes or so the radio fellow starts telling afiout this deal to force us mobile home owners to tie our homes down Wow, what a joke. That would lie a pretty costly thing for something so stupid When one of those tornado*** conies ripping along, it just sucks the old homestead right off the old floor That leaves the floor and the tie-down chains. Hot dog! When I was a naval seabee serving iii Guam and Saipan in World war II. we tied down our Quonset* by throwing giant nets over them and hooking them up to lioat anchors. Then when the hurricane came si reaming along, most of our Quonset* were saved. Now that the election is over, these lead-headed political pirates just can’t wait to figure out some way to stuff their mittens in our pockets. We already have to pay a school tax and buy a license plate for our home, and it s about as mobile as Blair House. Next these wise guys will come up with legislation to make us buy a license to carry a license, and how about flavored shoestrings for cab drivers? The way we figure it is that someone must have an interest in the chain factory and the cement works. Also, look at the new jobs this will create for inspectors to inspect these thousands of mobile homes to see that they are tied down. How about making all those cheapies out in suburbia tie THEIR homes down? Lawrence E. Burns 2925 Johnson avenue NAVService training To the Editor: Have we ever taken time to thank our physieians-surgeons for curing or performing an operation that saved our lives, or a relative’s, or a friend’s? How about the hospital, and their staff? Oh. yes, we must not forget the physician’s staff, the nurses, aides and orderlies. Let’s now look at a few other occupations. The auto mechanics and body and fender men work on. for example, brakes, steering and other vital areas of transportation. Did you ever think our life and safety would depend on them or a service station owner-attendant who works weekends, and in extremely hot and cold weather? These people are a few more. our law enforcement officers, fire service, safety, sanitary and many other environmental protectors. Others would be our educators, custodians, secretaries, be-hind-the-scene people, who cause a school to function. How about people who work in all of the marketing professions (sales, etc.) who help us to purchase* wisely and who also work many strange hours like weekends and evenings? Let’s respect their “dignity at work” in both quality and quantity of employ-ment-profession. Just a few occupations have been mentioned, and I apologize for the many thousands of people serving us who have been omitted. Bill Eddings 3016 Second avenue SETake a cut To the Editor: I wish to express my absolute disgust and outrage at the proposed salary increase for members of the congress and cabinet. The proposed increase itself is far in excess of my salary and reflects a 30 percent hike over the present salary of congress and cabinet members. I do not find it easy to live on my salary but I manage, without accumulating debts, and I am sure that the recipients of the proposed increase can struggle through on a mere $42,500 annually. It appears that fighting inflation is the sole responsibility of people in my salary scale, and such a concern is below that of God like politicians. Watergate severely damaged the respect of our political leaders and to resort to political subterfuge and keep secret a salary hike could, and probably will, destroy the image of our elected leaders. For the good of the nation and preservation of public tranquility, stop this disgusting episode now and show the American people that the national fight against inflation is your concern also. Stop the hike and propose a slight decrease John Chorlton •3848 Vine avenue SE ;