Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 19, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Tues., Nov. IS. 1974
ICoal “Washing” Plant Will Be Built at ISU
By Rod Biggs
Managing Editor Ames Dolly Tribune
AMES - (IDPA) - A coal “washing” plant, part of a $3 million state project aimed at developing Iowa coal as an environmentally-acceptable product, will bt' built on the Iowa State university campus at Ames.
Sen. James Gallagher (I)-Jesup) announced Monday that a $175,(KM) contract has been signed with Eagle Iron Works of Des Moines for construction of the portable sulfer-removing plant which will be completed within eight months.
The plant will take coal mint'd in Iowa — “dirty” coal in the sense that it contains noncombustible materials of sulfer — refine it into a product which has a lower sulfur content and less of the materi
al gathered up with it in the mining process.
Ray Fisher, senior engineer and plant manager for the Ames Laboratory of the Atomic Energy Commission, said the site for the plant, will be just east of Iowa State’s electronic generating plant.
Fisher said Iowa coal, often scoffed at since announcement of the fuel shortage because it contains too much sulfur to meet standards of the Environmental Protection Agency, is “very good coal” on the basis of its heat-producing capacity.
He compared the heating value of Iowa coal — about 12.5(H) BTUs per pound — with that of Kansas coal (12,IMM) BTU per pound) and Wyoming coal (9,300 BTU per pound) in use in the two electric generating plants in operation here.
But the Iowa coal also contains a high percentage of sulphur, which when burned produces sulfur dioxide. The sulfer dioxide escapes through smokestacks and is clearly an air pollutant, according to EPA standards.
Fisher said he does not agree that sulfur dioxide is an unmixed blessing; in rural areas, a large part of it probably faUs on croplands and actually is a benefit to the farmer
EPA standards call for coal with less than two percent sulfur; Iowa coal in samples collected by Iowa State scientists runs up to more than 13 percent.
Other material in the coal which may make it objectionable from a marketing standpoint are the noncombustible materials — rock, clay — and water. The ratio of these products to the coal is largely
a result of mining' techniques, which often involve stripping dirt and rock both above and below the coal seam
The technique to be used in separating the coal from the “dirt” in the “washing” plant here will involve a fluid containing magnetite, finely-ground magnetic particles about the consistency of talcum powder. Because the magnetite is very heavy, it can be made into a compound up to five times as heavy as water.
After raw mined coal is ground into evenly-sized particles, it can be dumped into tanks of the magnetite fluid. And because the pure coal is ’lighter in weight than the impurities, it will “float” to the top of the magnetite and water mixture.
Because sulfur is about two-
and-one-half times as heavy as the carbon in coal, it too will sink while the coal will rise to the top of the fluid used iii the separator.
The coal refining plant needs to be portable for use in Iowa because Iowa coal tends to be located in “lenses” of a few million tons which maybe mined out in three or four years. Thus the refining process needs to bo moved where the coal is being mined.
Fisher said no portable refining plant has been designed or produced.
The processing is expected to add about 50 cents to the cost of each ton of coal marketed. but Fisher said this cost would more than be made up by the lower transportation cost of coal mined within the state. It costs about $7.80 a ton to bring in coal from Kansas,
more than $12 a ton for Wyoming coal.
The importance of developing an acceptable Iowa coal product is emphasized by the anticipated rise in coal consumption. Utilities have been ordered to reduce natural gas use by 25 percent per year, to phase out all use in 1978
Coal use in the state is expected to rise from the present seven million tons per year to 14 million tons; Iowa now produces only ten percent of the coal used in the state — and “we already have been told there will be no coal brought in from east of the Mississippi,” Fisher said
“Utility companies are still not getting upset." His tone implied he believes they should be
The prototype coal-cleaning plant to be built here will he
ustHi to demonstrate that Iowa coal can be made environmentally sound, Fisher said. Its capacity will be about IOO tons per hour.
The building will be 120 by HO feet and 30 feet high. Upward of $500,000 will be spent on equipment. Fisher estimated the cost of the magnetite to charge the plant at $20,(HH)
Refining Iowa coal to a level where it will meet EPA standards and compete successfully on a cost basis wtih “imported” coal within the year is the target of the project. Fisher said
The coal-cleaning project is but one of two parts to the program. The other involves conducting mining operations in such a way that some day the land from which the coal has been taken can be restored to farm production.
Cascade Man s More Funds Needed for Rail Aid;
Death Apparent e n i
Hunting Accident v~oreference Required On Amount
DUBUQUE (AFD - Du-buque county authorities Tuesday said Douglas Bertling of Cascade, found dead Monday, apparently was the victim of a hunting accident.
Deputy Sheriff Kenneth Newhouse said he received a call from a farmer who said a car had been parked in his farm driveway, about six miles west of here, for 24 hours.
• The deputy walked the farm field and found the body on a railroad crossing.
Authorities said Bertling apparently was attempting to climb over a fence, fell backward and his shotgun discharged
Motions Filed In Davis Case Being Considered
DES MOINES (AP)—A Polk county district court judge has taken under advisement two motions filed by an attorney for Des Moines radio personality Jimmy Don Davis, who is accused of trying to hire an agent of the Iowa Bureau of Criminal Investigation to murder his wife.
Davis’ lawyer asked Judge Anthony Critelli to invalidate from the evidence all recorded conversations between Davis and law enforcement personnel, charging that recordings of the conversation are illegal under Iowa law .
He also asked that the defense have access to certain grand jury testimony and a list of witnesses not publicly named in the Polk County attorney’s information Earlier Monday, Critelli denied a motion for a change of venue, which was filed by the prosecution. Asst. Polk County Atty. William Price had argued news coverage of Davis’ arrest and the upcoming trial would make it impossible for the state to receive a fair trial in Polk County.
However, Critelli did order that Davis’ attorney and Price meet and draft a “reasonable order” that would prohibit radio station KIDA, where Davis is employed, from broadcasting further reference to the case Davis, 28, was arrested July 24 after he allegedly offered to pay a BUI undercover agent $5,000 to murder his wife. Davis is scheduled to go on trial Dec 4
B> William L. ^berline
DES MOINES (AP) — The state railroad assistance program must have more money if it is to continue without interruption, members of the Iowa energy policy council agreed Monday.
The members decided, however, that they need a conference with members of the state transportation council about eventual takeover of the program by the new Department of Transportation before deciding how much to request.
They set their next meeting for Dec. ll, when the transportation council which heads the DOT will bt' meeting, so the two groups can discuss an orderly transfer
The last legislature gave the EPC $3 million to help the state’s railroads upgrade and improve selected branch lines.
EPC Executive director John Millhone said the state has negotiated agreements covering 222.3 miles of trackage, on which it has agreed to put up a total of $2,671,(MMI, the railroads $1,680.(HH) and railroad shippers $1,-416,IMM)
The railroads are to pay back the money advanced by the state and reimburse the shippers out of additional freight revenue the improved lines are expected to generate. The state money then can be used to help upgrade other branch lines.
Rep. Brice Oakley (R-Clinton) said the program is working well and should be continued, but by the DOT and not the EPC.
He said railroad reconstruction isn’t really the province of EPC and “I believe it would In* appropriate for us to get out of the railroad business if the DOT is ready to do it.”
Hard to Replace
But Sen. James Gallagher. (D-Jesup) disagreed. He said the EPC has "built up some expertise that will be hard to replace” and the DOT still is in its own formative stage and probably isn’t ready to carry on the program.
Millhone said regardless of who administers the program, the EPC will have to request the additional appropriation. Agreements negotiated so far will take care of branch line upgrading for the 1975 construction season, but there will be no money to carry on in 1976 without more money, he said.
Sen Calvin Hultman (R-Red Oak) observed that EPC will have to continue the program whether it wants to or not unless the legislature itself decides otherwise.
“We have no authority” to transfer it to DOT. he said. Hultman said EPC has to retain it until the agency goes out of existence in 1977 without further legislation, the way the law stands now
The Show Must Go On
Des Moines Council Eyes Amended Massage Parlor Law
Last week brought cold and snow to the Midwest, but it didn t stop rehearsals by members of the University of Iowa band, which performed over the weekend at the last home football game of the season. Hidden beneath protective parka and practicing his clarinet is Mike Stone, a U. of I. senior from Burlington.
Jamboree and Variety Show Slated Thursday
WHAT CHEER - The What Cheer Jamboree and Variety show will be held at the Opera House Thursday at 8 p.m.
Those performing on the show am from the What Cheer area. They are the Skunk Rivers featuring Charles Sig-afoose, Harold Davis, Ernie Davidson and Sandy Davidson.
The Sundown III features James Moore, Alan Adams, George Mlckens and Floy White.
Other performers will be Gary Van, Paul McNabb and Lore ne and Oden Rogers.
Mail ticket orders to Larry Nicholson. Box 413, What Cheer or phone 634-2109 after 6 p.m. Admission wit be $2
Two Plead Guilty To Drunk Driving
TOLEDO—Two men pled guilty late last week in Tama county district court to drunk driving and were fined $3(M) each.
. Antonio Neave. 23. Tama , and Dean Milvoy, Nekola. 26. rural Toledo, both had their licences revoked for 120 days.
ON THIS DATE in 1919, the U S. senate rejected the World war I Treaty of Versailles.
DES MOINES (AP)- The Des Moines city council Monday night abandoned a proposed massage parlor ordinance scheduled for final consideration and instead gave first-reading to an amended version.
The new proposal, as the old one, would ban “outcall’’ massage operations and would set up strict licensing and inspection requirements for on-premises parlors
OS THIS DATE in 1973, prices on the New York stin k market made their sharpest drop in more than eleven years as investors wworried about the energy crisis
The difference between the original ordinance and the one voted on Monday night are primarily technical in nature
The first proposal received near-unanimous approval by the council at the first two of three required readings several weeks ago.
Petitions containing about I (MM) names were submitted to the council Monday urging passage of an ordinance limiting the massage parlors.
City Atty. Phillip Riley said the new ordinance retains virtually all the elements of the old one but adds several measures
Additions include a definition of a “massage patron,"
requirement that applicants for massage parlor or massage technicians permits be adults and “more reasonable” standards on the physical facility requirements for parlors.
W AUKON — A nature writ- county soil conservation diner. Wilbur Horine of Nevada, trict’s annual banquet here at will speak at the Allamakee the junior high sch»»ol Dec 4
FOR ANT KOJO- DRAINAGE FAILURf
*4 DOW* r.
REGISTRATION AT KIRKWOOD WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20
8:30 AM to 9:00 PM—6:00 PM to 8:30 PM LINN HALL
CLASSES BEGIN NOVEMBER 21
FULL-TIME CLASSES ARE AVAILABLE BUT IF YOUR SCHEDULE IS FULL WHY NOT TRY 2 YEARS OF COLLEGE IN 3 YEARS BY TAKING 2 CLASSES EACH QUARTER.
For further information
Office of Admissions 6301 Kirkwood Blvd. S.W. C.R. Iowa 52406
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