Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - November 11, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Clear and cold to-n|ght with lows mid to upper 20s. Partly cloudy uesday with highs in mid 40s.
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CEDAR RAPIDS. IOWA, MONDAY. NOVEMBER ll, 1974
ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES
Kissinger Plans Trip To China
WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary of State Kissinger will visit mainland China Nov. 25-29, the state department announced Monday.
The long anticipated trip, designed to maintain warming relations with Peking, will follow a minisuinmit in Vladivostok, Russia, between President Ford
and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.
The announcement was made as Ford and Kissinger met to prepare Ford for his upcoming trip to the Far East. Ford said Kissinger returned from his 17-nation trip with “very encouraging news.”
Ford and Kissinger discussed the secretary’s lR-day trip for three hours Sunday at Camp David, Md. They plan to confer about two hours each day this week in preparation for Ford’s Far East visit.
The President and Kissinger depart for the Far East next Sunday. Ford said he was “looking forward to a constructive trip to Japan, South Korea and to the Soviet Union.”
Standing on the White House lawn with Kissinger after flying back from Camp David, Ford said the secretary of state brought back from the Middle East “some encouraging news” and that Kissinger’s meeting with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev “was very helpful.”
Kissinger returned to Wash-
Cover-Up Jury Hears June 23 Nixon Tape
WASHINGTON (AP) — The the transcript seen by the jury, jury in the Watergate cover-up The word spoken by Hal-trial, listening to a June 23, deman is allegedly “Gem-j 1972, White House tape, Monday j stone,” the code name for the heard defendant ll. It. Hal-'plan to wiretap the Democrats, deman obtain the approval of To at least one listener, the former President Nixon for a word “ Gemstone” could easily WASHINGTON (AP) — A na-plan to use the Central In- be heard and recognized. t ion wide coal strike was set to
telligence Agency to choke off Walters Testifies ^USt aBer Mon-
Economic Issues Stall Agreement
the original FBI investigation into Watergate.
Donning olive-green earphones, the jurors listened as Haldeman proposed that the deputy director of the CIA call the FBI and say:
“Stay the hell out of this . . . We don’t want you to go any further on it.”
, , day night and a top official of
Before the tape was played, the United Mine Workers pre-Gen. Vernon Walters, deputy dieted Monday that the walkout director of the Central Intelli- wi]1 iast about three weeks
gcncc Agency, testified that Most coal mines already were Ha deman ordered him in June shu( fw ^ *
1972, to head off part of (he , J.......
(Continued: Page 3. Col. 3.)
Court Lets Watergate
day while union and industry negotiators continued efforts to resolve differences over a new contract.
As he arrived for Monday’s bargaining session, UMW Vicepresident Mike Trbovich said failure to reach an agreement before Monday night’s official strike deadline will prolong the
- AP Wirephoto
A boy gets a big hand at a different kind of playground in Berlin. The hand was used as a theater prop and some Berlin artists thought it was too expensive to throw away. So they had it carried to a children's playground, much to the delight of the boys and girls.
Official Threatens To Strip Fischer of Title
AMSTERDAM, N e t h erlands tion can be reached,” he added
Manslaughter Charge Filed In Accident
(AP) — Bobby Fischer’s chess
Textbook Foes Plan To Set Up Schools at Home
CHARLESTON, W. Va. (UPI) — Ban-the-book forces formulat-
Cedar Rapids Naws—
Michael Danay Johnson, 25, of cd P*ans Monday to set up
“I know Fischer to be a ineton Saturday exDressim? con-1 crown will go to a Russian if the I player and I feel rather confidence that his trip had helped Idispute between the American j fident he will drop his demands j1113 Fifteenth street SE, was ar- dual system of education and chances for peace in the Middle Iand the jnt?rnational Chess if we succeed in convincing himjrested Sunday noon and charged boycott Kanawha county public
East and agreement with the So-['^at'“!s"’‘“',l^byJkP”Vhey^eunreasonable” with manslaughter in connee .schools that use textbooks they as saying _.uk- v.-vjenardson. mation on that,” Huston replied.
t J ^ X ( | * ^ lion with a hit-and-run accident consider obscene and an affronl sh™\d C*li tbe ,FBI in and <un* other actions today, the He said there “certainly is
arms | n ... . Until Fischer defeated Boris I which killed a 19-vear-old youth o°n 3 tism' /aw -lnJ ll? Ion t go any further concern on the part of the Pres-
Ford also told newsmen that ^r- Max Euwe said rn an in- Spassky for the championship in T , T. * Rev. Avis Hill, one of the!into this case, period. Sustained a lower-court deei- ident about dislocations and
Kissinger’s talks in India. Bang-! terview Sunday he will strip the ]972 the world tit|e was a Soviet j Joh.^ ,eaders’ said ,a sion upholding the law under hardships Chat will result from
Haldeman suggests that he | and defendant John Ehrlichman call in the two top officials oi rsAimlc Q + the CIA and direct them to warn V^VJUTllb OI Cl HQ
off the FBI from investigating WASHINGTON (AP) — The wa^k()Ut at least another week
the financing of the June 17, j supreme court Monday declined beyond the union’s earlier two-
1972, breakin at Democratic na- tnPhear argument on whether wcek
tional committee headquarters, ^e indictments of the six men “Major Obstacle”
On the tape, Nixon replies charged with participating in «<D * ...
The June 23 tape also involves be invalidated. morning, I think we’re in for a
defendant and former Attorney court let stand a decision three-week strike” Trbovich General Mitchell. ' by the U.S. court of appels Cm rem Herald th“r
Nixon asks Haldeman, “Well, I ber® rejecting a motion by H-; obstacle holding up a settlement v.hat the hell, did Mitchell know R- Haldeman to strike down the ls economic package dealing about this thing to any much of indictments. with wages, pensions sick pay
a degree?" Haldeman, former White and other h,,nefits
Haldeman: "I think so. I don’t! “X a noneconomic
think he knew the details, but I *d* * ,?[!.. issucs remained and the union
think he knew ” cover-up trial contended he [f
. w , grand jury which returned the ,
Nixon kept tile existence oI indictn,ents was not lcga)Iy in solved
the June 23 tape secret until!existence. Trbovich said if the negotia-
Aug. 5, just a few days before Federal rules of criminal pro- tors get their heads together I he resigned the presidency. cedure adopted by the supreme Think we can get something by
On the transcript released i court limit the life of grand lbe end of the week.”
then by Nixon, the President is juries to 18 months, except for At the White House, Deputy-heard to summarize how the special grand juries dealing Press Secretary John Hushen CIA would be drawn into the with organized crime. was asked whether President
cover-up. Congress extended the life of Ford is considering invoking the
Quote .Missing *b e Watergate grand jury Taft-Hartley Act to keep coal
beyond 18 months at the request miners on (the job.
That transcript quoted Nixon „f then Attorney General Ri- can't give you any infor-”They (the CIA) chardson 1
monopoly. Now Soviet grand- }ail U"deri25’???.b0nUM<fd?,y of «* count> s chlldrcn would 'T P|ayed [°r «*“ Jur> Water: which the government decides the strike. Vie continue to be masters Anatoly Karpov and ?rJallc«edly J!'1 “I? Mark R ignore classes Tuesday after the gale prosecutors have expressed whe(her |o dp(,|arp mpn doad
hopeful that the collective har
ladesh and Pakistan had been 31-year-old American of his
“very helpful in redirecting our (Crowm unless he agrees to de- _ w ._____
policy in that vitally important fend it under the scoring rules, Vjk|or Korchnoj are batuing jn Rader, 19, of 1131 First avenue Veterans day vacation break. fear that the pardon granted af(er ,hpy mjssjn(f jn gaining process will work .
area of the world.” by the federation, which is Moscow for the right to chal-1* . , , Hill said his followers would Nixon from prosecution in the ar(lon The prospects for settlement
Turning to Kissinger, Ford i known as Fide. |lengc Fischer K has a Rader was pronounced dead sponsor a special, daily four-cover-up case and other mves- challenge to good.”
said he wanted to ’personally! “At the moment we we rn a,commanding J-l lead in the 20th;" M’ hospital shortly,tour education program over ligations might tntfluent* the, .« I Both Guy Fanner, the chief
--------------- °f a Wame series, Six- tTsLiZtole’s^et to I*** “S*",. ^ ST CSJ'efiT >h" dtop^f the nam^f w^r industry negotiator, and UMW
en games were draws. I front of his residence around* ef churches where j fie* «idan _ dl,ad m antiwar demonstrations President Arnold Miller said
Fischer demanded that there IR " , hls a f Parents would set up private Earlie,r’ “,udgt I ,k , without family permission. after Sunday night’s session
12:30 am. when he allegedly [schoo|s until the controversial I agreed to defense requests that lamuy permission. that they were getting closer to
an agreement but indicated that
thank you, very much," and;comP|e 1 e stalemate." Euwc noted “the superhuman effort said
the secretary has made.”
Made a Swing
Kissinger spent the first four days of his trip in Moscow and then made a swing through Italy, Egypt. Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Israel, Iran, Romania, Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, Tunisia. Denmark, and Spain.
Officials said Kissinger is confident the trip improved the diplomatic climate between the Arabs and Israel.
After the Moscow talks. American officials also said there is at least an even chance for a nuclear arms treaty by the
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israel Strikes Into Lebanon
At its June meeting in Nice, j be no limit on the number of France, the Fide congress re- games in the championship jected Fischer’s demand for a match. The first player to score new .scoring svstem for the 1975 IO victories would take the title, title match. When he learned of but Fischer would retain his this. Fischer sent a telegram to champion ship if the count t h e federation’s headquarters reached a 9-9 tie. in Amsterdam, saying his de- Under Fide rules, the title
was struck by the Johnson vehi cie
When hit by the ar, police said Rader was apparently investigating damage hts vehicle suffered when struck by another car a few minutes before.
Johnson failed to stop after
texts were banned.
“We’re going to dig in,” Hill said. “We’re prepared for a long fight.”
County school board members voted 4-1 last Friday to return
a crucial word on the tape bt* Refused to grant an described as unintelligible on saving former Army Copt. How- ard Levy from serving nine
Nixon's Condition No Longer 'Serious’
LONG BEACH, Calif. (AP)
% percent of the 325 books in Eormer President Nixon is no
until April I to mane up mind, and appealed to him to reconsider his position in the interest of the chess playing world. But so far the world champion has not reacted to our | his title plea.” Euwe said.
Euwc, 73 and a former world champion, said Fischer “could go on claiming he is the real world champion, but that is something he should prove by playing.”
“I hope, I even expect, a solu-
TEL AVIV (AP)Israeli jet _______
fighters bombed suspected Arab I
guerilla concentrations in Leban- LJ J) 'I.
on Monday for the first time in I# ©OU “0/7 IHT O KsTISIS three weeks, the military com
Here’s how to reduce the number of mistakes you make at work — get there late and leave early.
it still was several days away.
days in jail while he is ap- “In the Woods”
pealing a conviction for anti- w(]pn ask(,d wha, ^ wou]d ^
war statements and < on in I ck)lng now jf be wcrp a mjner while lie was in the army. back jf) West Virginia. Miller Denied the bids of defendants sajd **i d ^ in thc woods in three separate obscenity where, hunting ” cases to have their convictions Each d of dc| wj„ fur(her
reviewed by th,- supreme court. |pro|onR |h(, ^
Denied the bids of defendants t0 jast at jeast two to U.S. postal sendee policies That s tht? estimated time redesigned to persuade older em-1
mands were “non-negotiable’ match would consist of 36,,. .. ,
ilia!us welt: null I.cgvu«u.c __ hitting Rader, according to po-
“^"advised him that he had!going\o the first player to win !iee’ *as. crested 12 hours dispute to classrooms. Hill said longer in serious condition and
.til April I to make up his IO games. If neither player got ^f°"aWlnk “ ln,enalve Jf,f
IO wins in the 36 games, the one . . . lyst to bring all anti-textbook,tai later this week, his doctors
with the most wins would be! factions together. said Monday.
declared champion in the event; Rad,T’ son of Mr- *■«' Mrs. Hill said parents would hire Though still physically weak,
of a tie Fischer would retain dobn Kader, 2865 Eighteenth “certified, retired teachers” to Nixon continues to improve and
avenue, Marion, was born instruct their children during once again taking anti-
March 13, 1955, at Lacrosse, boycott “until we have a coagulant drugs to prevent fur-
Wis., and was employed by victory over the books.” ther blood clotting in his phlebi-
Iowa Steel and Iron Works. j “Unfair” ! tis-stricken left leg. , ____________________
TT° was a m€mber of the Ui- a _ Nixon, 61, is receiving inter-;lower-court decisions upholding Threat in
theran Church of the Resurrect We dont intend to crop our|mediate* hospital care, “which state laws permitting reposses-tion and of Psagle Scout troop 88. fight because this is now a na-means a nurse js wjdl him I siwi of goods purchased under in-Surviving in additiwi to his Itional issue, Hill said alluding around the clock.
ploves to retire early at the time that the postal service was reorganized as an independent agency in 1971.
Declined to review a series of
goods purchased the doctors s t a 11 rn e n t contracts without
(Continued Page 3, Col. 2.)
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court action or a hearing.
mand said. No damage or casualties were immediately repented.
The attack cam** only a few j [lours after Israel warned it would continue its all-out war on I
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Nations Economic Ills Affect TV Future
Editor’s Note: This is the second of a three-part series on Hie happy days in Hollywood which have emerged from a period when bankruptcy yawned on every hand. From this vantage point, however, one can discern .some dark clouds.
By Marilyn Beck
On the surface, all is sunshine — network financial statements aglow with figures of top gross income for Hie last fiscal year. But in the penetralia of television executive circles, s t o r rn clouds hover.
Those who chart the course of home entertainment know
dark days are upon the hori
zon •— which will force a drastic readjustment in the quality of program being fed the public. The television industry doesn’t like to talk about it, but it is crashing head-on into crisis.
National economic ills are already beginning to have their effect on TV industry. According to some in the know, those effects must grow more acute in upcoming months.
“The not works are beginning to panic,” reveals John Mitchell, President of Columbia Pictures-TV. “As business goes from bad to worse around the country, major advertisers — like the automobile firms — are slashing their TV adver
tising budgets. I understand the networks are already discounting commercial time for the January season — and they’re passing on tin* pressure lo us ”
Mitchell's firm is one of some 14 companies that provide product to networks—and which are under attack right now to cut down costs. NBG President Robert Howard admits he’s had meetings with most of the major production firms, to stress the seriousness of the problem “and to make it clear that his network will In? looking in the months ahead, “For greater efficiency, greater value in what we pay fur.”
As far as tile studios are con
cerned, keeping costs down is easier suggested than done. In this time of spiraling inflation, the cost of producing a prime-time series is up 20 percent from 1969 — with every indication that costs will rise another 15 percent within the next few years. Many studio heads feel the only alternative left is to change the direction of the products they’re making.
“We're reaching a jxnnt,’’ says Mitchell, “where we can't afford to make a dramatic show like 'Police Story* — and the networks can’t afford to buy it. They’re already running about HO days late in payments — and I can’t see any signs that the situation
will improve. I tell you. I wake up during the night in a cold sweat, worrying how we're going to be able to overcome these money problems.”
As tile tight money problem grows more severe, a switch in programming emphasis is already making itself apparent in the network’s announcements of variety shows that will flood the tube next year. Not only can such shows be taped (“Because tape is so much more economical to edit, we expect to bt* switching more of our shows to tape,” says NBC’s Bob Howard) —-they can also be produced at a fraction of the cost of a dramatic show.
The December-debuting Mac*
Davis variety show will fill up an hour of prime time at the approximate cost of $125,000. An hour-long “Kojak” episode costs in the neighborhood of $240,000. The budget for a 90-minute television movie has spiraled to $425,000 •— and has become such a losing proposition that many industry insiders predict it will become a forgotten video art form.
MGM-TV Vice-president Fd-ward Montanus echoes the concern of his industry colleagues when he refers to television as an “economically sick industry. Rising costs, the mortality rate of TV shows, and the drying up of the foreign market, la* feels, have
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PITTSBURGH (AP) - The steel industry, holstered by a no-strike agreement with steelworkers and headed toward record profits through the first three quarters of 1974, faces a major threat from the impending coal strike.
The consensus of industry analysts was that if the strike lasts more than two weeks, layoffs of thousands of steelworkers will begin and production will be curtailed significantly.
Even if a tentative agreement is reached, rank-and file members must approve it before the strike ends under the union’s no contract-no work Ira clition. Ratification is expected I to take eight to IO days.
The coal strike would be especially costly to tlx* steelmakers I if it causes shutdowns.
During shutdowns, the companies face rapidly rising costs for taxes, bonded indebtedness and
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