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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 27, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Z^VjGay rights: treading beyond compassion Editorial Page Monday May 27, 1974 Suitable ‘Anthem’ needed NO AVALANCHE of mail to tho People's forum resulted last month when this corner questioned the relevance of playing the National Anthem at sporting events. The public's apparent indifference on that score, along with the return of Memorial day. invites further consideration of the “Star-Spangled Banner” tradition. This time the jackpot question is: Should Francis Scott Key s paean to American valor be mothballed in favor of a less militaristic and easier to sing and instrumentalist1 anthem'.’ The feeling here is yes. the 1814 Americanization of an Olde English drinking tune is due for a pension. Dissatisfaction stems partly from the anthem’s unfortunate decline to tedious, sometimes confusing ritual. For example, a not uncommon question from youngsters who have sung the thing IOO times is, “What does ‘donzerly’ mean?” — as in “donzerly light.” No one proposes that “Silent Night” be stricken from Christian hymnals because “Hound John Virgin” is too mysterious a character to children. Nor would citizens ask that the Pledge of Allegiance be retired because of special favors “for Richard Sands” (“for which it stands”). But the National Anthem’s weaknesses stretch far beyond its tendency to confuse rather than inspire. For one thing, tile “rockets* red glare” and “bombs bursting in air” passage evokes harsh images unworthy of a people dedicated to winning and holding peace. Then, too, everyone this side of Robert Merrill has trouble singing it well. lf the “The Star-Spangled Banner” were shelved with appropriate military honors, what song should win promotion to National Anthem? “America the Beautiful” seems most likely to succeed. And if children stress “ample waves of grain” over the customary “amber.” they are more practical than preceding generations. Womanpowered army AS MANY predicted at the time the draft officially ran out a year ago, the army has had trouble attracting enough good men as volunteers to maintain authorized strength More good women may remedy that. As id’ last February, recruitment efforts had brought the army only 187.1)00 (87 percent) of the 215,000 individuals needed to keep its strength at 804.000, If there is a silver lining to that cloud, it is that women are volunteering for military service in unprecedented numbers. In June of 1972 there were about 13,320 women on active duty with the army. One year later their number stood at 16.800 and today there are 23,388 women in army uniform. Brig. Gen. Mildred Bailey, director of the Women s Army Corps (WAC), reports that her branch of the service seldom has trouble meeting its monthly quotas and that the army hopes to have 50,000 female volunteers bv 1979. This despite the fact that standards for female recruits are higher than those for males. Women who want to enlist must have a high school diploma or its equivalent — a prerequisite men do not have to meet. One reason more women are volunteering is that there has been an expansion of job opportunities and benefits open to them, partly due to a U.S. supreme court decision in May of 1973. The court ruled then that military women married to civilians are entitled to People s forumArmy bias Th the Editor I ani a 21-ycur-uld divorcee with one child In March of this year I decided I wanted to join the army. After passing my aptitude test and physical. I arranged a dependency waiver in which for a set amount of money my aunt was to care for my child during my training period Everything was fine except I was refused induction because I was a woman with a child They are not taking any more women with dependents because some of them already in are going AWOL In my opinion this is an unlair judgment. Men go AWOL, yet they still take them in Why must it be different for women? A woman should have the same consideration as men if she < un [tass ah the tests ll might be different if they were to refuse all women, bu* they are only discriminating against th* woman who has to struggle lo rear a child alone I receive no child -apport payments nor ALK and am unemployed because I lack the formal training required for th* jobs available so as of now I have no source of income What I really arri saying l- thu’ I ar: just one woman with a child to *.Jpport but hopefully I am speaking up foe mar • the same housing and health benefits for their families as servicemen always have received. Previously, married servicewomen had to prove they were contributing more than half of their husband’s support before they were eligible for such benefits. When they return to civilian life, women are eligible for the same veterans’ benefits men receive, including monthly payments while attending school and low-cost housing loans. So far as job opportunities are concerned, women today are eligible for about 81 percent of all kinds of work performed by the army. Two years ago they were eligible for only 35 percent of job classifications. The jobs they are eligible for now include all service jobs such as truck driver, welder, electrician, fire fighter and military intelligence analyst. The residue of “men only” jobs are iii com bat-related areas. Some women are volunteering because of the expanded job availability. But the records indicate that a majority of women still prefer clerical, administrative, medical or communications positions, probably because they are afraid they might not be able to use the other, more masculine. skills once they return to civilian life. Slowly, but ever so surely, what used to be known as “this man s army” may one day be renamed “this person’s army” as a result of the increase in female volunteers. women when I say, hey. world, goo us a chanco. Jackie VVhitesidc Apl 5. 526 Fifth street SEOne-way help To the Editor. While sitting here in my cell. I heard a song on the radio about how this great nation has rushed to the resc ue of other countries in their time of need How the great E S (which I ani proud to be a citizen of) has loaned money, helped to rebuild cities, supported and modernized destitute countries How those same countries have not once come to the aid of America, or even paid the interest on lf,ans made to them. How they have criticized America arid declared war Lur many years this has caused me concern. Yet the good ol’ I S A. keeps lending and helping. Why? No one helped the E S And now iii a time when the President is under attac k, inflation is causing great hardships. There arc many places in the* I S where people live in poverty Radical groups force rich people to give awa> free fund Some adults must steal to support themselves. Many ; • on the* lake . . . VV fiat can the middle man do — talk about it? Why don’t the news media focus their attention on this subject? The E S is .supposed to be a free country, run by the jR*ople for the people. But thai is notBy William F Buckley, jr. MV ER I EM). Mr Michael Harrington w ho vias . hairman oftheSociulisl party until he found something even more disreputable to do. has called to ask whether I might adopt one of my “maverick positions" in support of what they call in New York Pity “Int No 2-A . otherwise a gay liberation rights bill, lilt* intention of which is to remove civil disabilities from what the bill calls persons of differing “sexual orientation.” rills mincing definition is elaborated to sav that no one henceforward may discriminate against anyone on account of that person s “cholee of sexual partner according to gender.” A homosexual rights bill is the straightforward way to put it. Mr Harrington's interest iii the legislation. I need not lint will add. has nothing to do with his own preferences according to gender, which are altogether orthodox, if he will permit me the word, knowing his antipathy to it in political, or theological matters. But he is seduced by what most avant-gardists are taken with, and also a few others, which is the old saw that there is no such thing as sexual abnormality, that that which someone likes — little boys, little girls, sheep, cows — is simply of no civ ic concern. And therein lies the difficulty Because Int No ‘JA. ult hough it is being sold as nothing much more than a compassionate piece* of legislation forbidding the starving or torture of the city’s homosexuals, is,’ like the various proposals for amnesty for the draft evaders, something more than that Most of the active amnesty hawks are seeking slyly to find a way of codifying their personal view of the V ietnam war Seeking a way of saying that the real heroes were not those who served, but those who did not serve. Too many of the homosexual rights bill advocates are seeking a way of say mg not that homosexuals should not be harassed. which clearly they should not be, but that homosexuals are, iii the eyes of everyone — conceivably excepting their counterparts iii the opposite sex — inst Hit* same as Michael Harrington and Don Juan This is a point that violates the deepest presumptions of the west, reaching from biblical Christianity right up through and including (yes, including) Freud And fur the sake of mitigating the plight of the New York homosexual, or of protecting his sensibilities, there are many who are disposed to repeal the sanction in favor of heterosexuality. Who art* willing suddenly to declare that homosexuality is not unnatural.William F. Buckley, jr. There is tin* historical projection — on top of everything else — to worry about Iii recent years we have all experienced the (puck evolution of the law or judicial decision that protects a person s rights, into the decision that protects those rights by denying the* rights of others Brown vs Hoard of Education began bv forbidding compulsory desegregation, and ended by prohibiting voluntary separation. The homosexual lull would not inconceivably confront an employer. at some not too distant date iii the future, with the requirement that he/she/it give proof to some human rights agency or othe r that the the employe roster shows that the same proportion of homosexuals are employed as reside in the city. Sort of like McGovern’s Miami convention, transported to New York City's schools. lire department and telephone company That nightmare will be avoided by sensible legislators Of which there are quite a IVW iii New York City. though they do md by any means always prevail Mostly they are torn by the sentimentili/alimi of the question lf you are against Archie Bunker-type assaults against the privacy til homosexuals, then you are iii Civ hi id Int No 2 A It docs not, of course, follow In fact, there are few grounds for believing that New York’s homosexuals are an aggrieved lot — beyond, that is to say, the* psychological btl ol those who suffer from a maladjustment iii a society that recognizes d as a maladjustment. The figures appcur to indicate Hint there are hundreds of thousands ol men aud women who have sueeessliilly negotiated their way into normal sexuality by a combination ol resolution, psychological help — and a social sanction And having arrived, they are happier human beings, which is what humane people desire for them, which end is not plausibly helped by passing one of those egalitarian human rights lulls which seek covertly to repeal the axes of intersexual relationship Washington Slut Syndic ut*' Tough for public to sympathize Nixon’s holdout feeds impeachment fireBy Louis Harris The Harris Survey ON EVERY dimension surrounding his response to the Watergate inquiry by the house judiciary committee. President Nixon comes up with negative reactions from the American people. And. by 56-33 percent, a majority of the American people feel that the committee should vote a bill of impeachment “if President Nixon refuses to hand over flu* materials and tapes requested by it." By 67-23 percent, the public was firmly convinced earlier flus month that the President had not turned over all the evidence the committee wanted from him, and had "withheld important information." The Harris Survey asked a nationwide cross-section of 1.555 households during the period from May 4 through May 7 a series of questions designed to find out just how the public had reacted to Mr Nixon’s response* to the house judiciary inquiry into impeachment. People were asked: How would you rate President Nixon on (read list) — excellent, pretty good, only fair, or poor? COSI No go Nut rive rive Sure Hts televised speech on Wotergate, April 29 21 50 29 His turning over 1,300 pages of transcripts from edited tapes 26 67 7 His cooperation with house judiciary committee on impeachment 18 71 I I His refusal to turn over the original topes to house ludtciory committee 21 72 7 The woy he is coope ating with impeachment proceedings 21 73 6 His handling of Watergate topes 15 80 5 His handling of Watergate case 15 82 3 The basic public impression is that President Nixon has been far from responsive and cooperative with the house judic iary committee. While not us yet as low as his overall standing in handling the Watergate ease, which is 82-15 per due. Ix t’s help those* at home first We are a proud, powerful nation, but iii the not too distant future we will be ruled by someone else if we do not control the flow ol money, machinery, etc* . to other (outlines. Roil Ely Anamosa'Harassment' To the Editor Concerning disc iplinary reports iii the Anamosa reformatory; the following is a list of what kind of slight rule infractions bring an inmate punishment by these sadistic* people who call themselves the administration committee: Missing pill line at the hospital to get your medicine Oversleeping iii the mornings Not having your prison number iii your personal clothes. Having two towels in your cell Swearing or cussing. Cnauthorized ( hanging of gifts between inmates These are just a few of the causes of idiotic harassment that we receive every day. We were found guilty of our crimes by a judge and jury and sentenced as criminals, and should In-treated as men instead of children Not only do these infractions or similar ones cause us to be locked up for however many days they see fit to give us, but iii a lot of instances we lose* our honor or good time, which is never given buck Also these infractions, are always made a strong point in reports to the parole board or work release board or permanent workers at Iowa’s work release centers . . Even a man coming in with cent negative, the* President is now being subjected to increasing criticism for his luck of forthrightness in dealing with the impeachment inquiry. The consequences of this public criticism of Mr Nixon for his behavior on the impeachment inquiry can In* significant and even decisive in the ultimate outcome of the investigations. There is little doubt that the President has damaged his over-all credibility by this course. A substantial 68-23 percent agree* with the statement that “by not handing over material, he makes people suspicious that he is trying to hide important information that would show he was more deeply involved in Watergate." following the details of President Nixon’s response* to the* house* judiciary committee inquiry could he found in the 71 percent who were aware in early May that the President had refused to “give tile house judiciary committee the actual tapes requested which deal with discussions about Watergate," the 59 percent who agreed that he had refused to “hand over to the committee tapes and materials dealing with the ITT ease*,’’ and the 58 percent who were ready to say he had not handed over requested “tapes and materials dealing with the* milk fund contributions.’’ All in all. a substantial 67 percent of the* American people felt that the President had withheld important information A measure of how closely the public is By Jove, he's got it ... I think he's got it!’ a one-year sentence lias to Im* on his toes ail the time or he will end up doing the lull year with no honor time allowed A-, tar as the administration is concerned. any constitutional rights we have were left in the courtroom when we were sentenced. The administrators here arc so caught up by the institutional policies that they know no ((tiler way of punishing us and they can’t see where rehabilitation is doing us any good What they don't seem to understand is that times are changing and the days tit locking aft inmate away for little infractions are over The warden would probably consider me as un incorrigible person, because Em not allowing his staff to walk all over me as they have -ai many others. There arc* other inmates here who would like to express their opinions about the way tins institution is run but fear the punishment they are bound to receive because of it VV lien the legislators come in every year on tour, they expect everyone to forget the* harsh treatment and leave the impression that we are truly being rehabilitated Hut when they leave ifs back lo the old games of master and slave Something has to be done a tx tut Ibis, and the only way we eau inform Hie public is by your letting us voice our ((pinions, for which we thank you with ail our hearts Dan Anderson AnamosaFair ball To the Editor The May 23 People's forum Ie.tor headed “Strikeout” probably should have been ruled "Error" or "Wild pitch" by the official scorer The Cedar Hills Booster club voluntarily sponsors a hardball program involving 450 boys and a comparable softball program with 400 girls Iii the last four years we have had approximately 1,200 girls involved in our softball league and these girls can play a total of six years We doubt that any other athletic program in the state can boast a better percentage participation by the young ladies One should be aware that this program is entirely sponsored by private con tributions and volunteer help involving the efforts of approximately 200 people We don I allow girls iii the hardball program We don’t allow boys iii the softball program We feel that integrating one program would require integrating both and would result in fewer of our daughters being able to compete and have fun in any organized way during the summer iii this sport Now why not relax and just let these kids have fun this summer * It I. liaison President ( (‘liar Hills Booster dub 4U9 Lewellen drive NU The major consequence of this perception ol presidential noncooperation is public support for the house to vote a bill of impeachment against Mr Nixon People were asked ‘ The house judiciary committee feels President Nixon did not turn over the materials and tapes requested by it. lf the President refuses to hand over this material, do you think the committee should vote to bring up impeachment charges against the President or not?" House should vote impeachment Ihould not Not sure Total public 56 j3 11 Before the President responded to the original house judiciary committee subpoena, 66 percent of the public did not expect him to turn over the tapes. When he released 1.300 pages of edited transcripts of the tapes with the pronouncement that “this is sufficient evidence for the house to make a judgment of my guilt or innocence." 67 percent of the people still did not feel he had released everything necessary to make the judgment What is more, a clear majority of 56 jH*reent feel continued refusals from the President should make him the subject of an impeachment indictment The American people sliare the prevailing view of the house judiciary committee that President Nixon should Be* fried on the* substance of his involvement or noninvolvement in Watergate- related crimes and wrongdoings However, Mr. Nixon makes it much more difficult for Uh* public to take Ins side in the case, when he is not as forthcoming us the public thinks he should be Chicago Tribune New York News Sv IkuIiCardiac candidates? Not necessarily soBy Don Oakley THIS MAY u|is! t a few preconceived notions about the toll of stress and competition in the business world, but a study by statisticians of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Go. indicates that executives who reach the highest levels in the business community have the most favorable Drosuects ol completing — or exceeding — their biblically allotted three-score and ten ‘'Captains of industry.’’ says the report, “not only live distinctly longer than white men in general, but also considerably longer than prominent business executives iii general " lins conclusion was reached on the basis ut a 16-year follow up study til I n7X corporate executives of the 500 industrial corporations ranked by Fortune magazine as having had the largest sales in 1957 (The study was limited to white men because there were very few blacks or women executives iii the 500 corporations. which is another story i makes top executives Midi quad life insurance prospects'1 in large measure, the statisticians believe, it reflects the physical and emu-emotional fitness of business executives tor positions of responsibility. Many ut those who attain high status are able to cn|»e with and even thrive on stressful situations bv harnessing tensions unproductive llsi ll may well be. they add. that work satisfaction, together with public renig. ult ion ol accomplishments, is an important determinant ol health aud longevity Nt'WSOOIHr I iii, . ut,.., A , .,,, .ol..,, ;