Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 26, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
SA Tho Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sun., May 26. 1974
He Knows "Diving Is Dangerous”
Bv Steve Hello
Commercial deep .sea diver Ted Graucr was not speculating on the heavy spring rains when he came to Cedar Rapids. In fact, he gave up the profession not long after he was married last August.
"Married life kind of puts a damper on diving,’’ quipped the 22-year-old native of Monticello.
But before wedlock this adventurous fellow spent much of his time walking on the ocean floor in the Gulf of Mexico. He has experienced the danger—-and the humor—of a deep sea diver's life.
"Deep sea divers are pretty well paid,” remarked Graucr. "On the average they collect between $30,000 and $40,000 a year, but experienced divers have made over $100,000 in the oil fields.
"The salaries are justifiable,” he added. "Diving is dangerous. You know you’re not going to dive forever—the oldest diver is maybe 40.
"And it's very rare to see any diver who’s been around ten years who has all his fingers left.”
Of course, as Grauer pointed out, the standard compensation is $10,000 per finger lost.
"Ifs pretty easy to lose a finger,” continued Grauer, who still has all of his. "You’re always working in complete darkness, feeling around with your hands, trying to connect huge pipes which are bobbing up and down maybe five feet in the ocean currents. Get your fingers in between two bobbing pipes while you’re feeling around and thats all she wrote.”
But mere fingers cannot be a deep sea diver's only concern. There’s the matter of air.
"There was the time I was at divers’ training school and I was down 40 feet," said Grauer. "I felt my air going lo /cr and lower. I hollered on my communications line, ‘Air! Air!’.
"A voice came back to me, ‘Hey, Grauer, you know that $10 that you owe me?’
" ‘I'll pay it,’ I hollered back and my air was turned on again.”
Grauer told of a rule of thumb divers go by called "Martini’s Law.” Every 33 feet a diver descends produces the same effect as one martini.
"You get down to 140 or 160 feet and you’re feeling pretty
good,” related Grauer. “And when you come up, you don’t even have a hangover!"
Around 180 feet, the divers’ air .supply is changed from a nitrogen-oxygen mixture to helium-oxvgen, thereby diminishing the effect of Martini’s Law.
"Otherwise at 220 feet \ou couldn’t even add two and two," said Grauer. "At that depth novice divers will go down and think they can take it. But they’ll get down there and their mouthpiece will float out of their mouth. They’ll think, ‘Wow, that’s pretty funny,’ and they’ll drown.”
Grauer said he took up deep sea diving because of an urge to emulate Jacques Cousteau.
"That sounded great,” he explained. "Those guys in scuba gear just swimming around looking at things. But ifs not like that.
"In the first place, ifs IOO percent dark. One-half inch under the water surface you can't see a thing. Take a flashlight down and maybe you can see six inches. In the second place, it’s hard physical labor.”
Grauer was graduated from the University of Northern Iowa in Cedar Falls in Jan
uary, 1073, with a major in earth science. A magazine advertisement citing the aura of adventure and generous earning associated with deep sea diving caught his attention. Shortly thereafter, he enrolled in a training school in Oakland, Calif.
"In school we learned how to work w ith our hands in the dark,” said Grauer. "We’d tie knots and do pipe puzzles.
"The water was really cold—50 or 55 degrees. That was cold enough so that it numbed your hands. It really becomes difficult to work after an hour underwater.
"Ifs weird how when you’re completely in the dark you can learn to visualize what you’re doing. You can actually see it."
Grauer went from Oakland to the Gulf of Mexico oil fields.
"I worked for the largest diving company in the world,” he said, "lf you’re going to dive, there’s no sense in not diving for money since ifs so dangerous. And the big money is in diving out in the oil fields.
"The deeper you dive, the more money you get. Ifs called depth pay, although some people might call it death pay.”
Grauer dived in the Gulf from May to the end of August when he married. Then he moved on to Baltimore where the depths—and the pay—were not so great. But the danger was still there.
"One time a gate inside this dam was damaged by Hurricane Agnes,” said Grauer. "I had to go down inside the dam and clear this junk out from in front of the turbines. It was a pretty hairy chore!
"This guy went down before me. but he didn’t tell me there was any current. I got my head sucked right up to the mouth of one pipe.”
Grauer admitted that his mother and wife were never too enthused about his diving. He gave it up and recently came to Cedar Rapids to help start the city’s first recycling firm. The Grauers live at 2625 Thirty-third avenue SW.
Deep sea divers are not in too much demand around Cedar Rapids (elevation: 733 feet above sea level). Grauer does have hopes of doing some underwater work for the army corps of engineers or cities, though.
But it just won't be the same—unless, perhaps, he downs four or five martinis beforehand.
- ‘ xA* *
Adopted by Working Youths
College Attitudes Catch On
By Richard Severo
New York Times Service
NEW YORK - Working-class young people in the United States are taking on many attitudes on sex, politics, patriotism, religion, the family, morals and life-style that marked college student thinking of five years ago. The result, according to an attitudinal research study, is that workers are becoming increasingly dissatisfied ami frustrated at a sense of unfulfillment.
The survey was conducted by Daniel Yankelovich, who said at a conference last week that he found its results ‘‘impressive and a little bit bewildering.”
He said the study strongly indicated that as workers move closer to what college students were, the students of today are predisposed to reconcile themselves to society, feel less alienation and hope they will be able to function constructively within it.
The removal of U.S. troops from the Vietnam war played a major role in generating more optimism and good-will among the students, he said.
Yankelovich predicted that American society would be under "great stress and strain in the next few years” because of the disaffected working class, hut emphasized he
did not think this Mould cause violent upheavals among workers similar lo those seen on college campuses in the 1960’s.
The given dimensions of the Yankelovich study are massive by the usual sampling norms. Yankelovich said his staff conducted interviews of between one and two hours in 1973 with 3.522 young people between the ages bf 16 and 25 — 1.006 of them college students in two-and four-year institutions. The rest working in a variety of jobs.
This is the fifth survey Yankelovich has done on the changing values of American youth, and he described this as "the largest and most ambitious" of them all. It was sponsored by five foundations, led by the John D. Rockefeller Fund. The others were the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, the Carnegie Corp, the Hazen Foundation and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Among the findings were the following:
Sharply increasing numbers of both college and
working class youth want
more sexual freedom. Sixty-one percent of the students responded affirmatively to this question, as did 47 percent cf the working youth, which put them statistically
where college students were in their attitudes five years
Twenty-two percent of college students said they thought that casual premarital sexual relations were wrong and 34 percent of the working young agreed. But compared with five years ago, the greater change was
■■ ••V1-*-- ■;
among workers, not students. Fewer of them said they objected to relations between consenting homosexuals on moral grounds and fewer think having an abortion is morally wrong, as compared with five years ago.
Percentages vary', and students remain more liberal, but workers are clearly headed in the same direction.
In 1969, 64 percent of
young workers interviewed said they thought religion was a "very important value.” In this latest survey, the number dropped to 42 percent. Among college students, there was a more
gradual decline at a lower interest, with only 28 percent saying they thought religion was important. Five years ago, the figure for college students was IO percent higher.
Both students and workers indicated overwhelmingly that they would welcome less emphasis on money. Eighty percent of the students so responded, as did 74 percent of the workers. But the change from five .years ago was most marked among workers. There was also substantial evidence that fewer of all young believe that "hard work always pays off.”
There was substantial evidence of a mellowing among students toward societal values that their colleagues of just a few years ago condemned. In 1971, a Yankelovich survey found that 45 percent of the students interviewed felt "this is a sick society.” Now the figure, based on a broader sample, has fallen to 35 percent.
Increasing numbers of students also expressed the belief that they could work within society, and an even greater number — 66 percent — condemned the use of violence as morally wrong. This is IO percent more than in 1971.
The new left lost strength. In 1970, Yankelovich found that 14 percent of the students he interviewed identified with
Scientists Eye Mt. Rainier Glacier Growth
By Eldon Barrett
show that at least three other arc not sure if the floods are r< - land advancing in response to
it. Now the number has fallen to 9 percent. The dramatic thing was a tremendous rise in interest in the two major parties, climbing from 57 percent in 1971 to 73 percent last year.
Among students and workers alike, the concept of patriotism as "a very important value” lost ground. Only 19 percent of the students cited it as important, as did 40 percent of the workers. In 1969, 35 percent of the students thought it important, and 60 percent of the workers felt this Way.
Two of the more negative aspects of the report concerned Vietnam veterans and young women who had not gone to college.
Thirty-seven percent of the Vietnam veterans were so disheartened by what they felt was the indifference of their country toward them, that they would rather live in another country. Twenty-nine percent of the non-veterans agreed with them.
Young women who had not gone to college showed markedly less support for the feminist movement than their college counterparts.
Yankelovich said that the thrust of women’s liberation movements — with their emphasis on careers — appeared as a threat to working class women whose lack of education precluded them from many of the opportunities held in esteem by the feminists, t
Not unsurprisingly, blacks interviewed were having a harder time than their white
Swim Program Set by YM for Non-Members
A special "Leam-To-Swim” program for boys and girls who are not YMCA members will be held June 3 through 7 at the Central branch YMCA.
The classes will be open to both boys and girls between the ages of 6 and 14. Cost for five lessons will be $1.
Aquatic Program Director Fred Stecker explained that the Y is offering the classes in order "to give every youngster chance to learn something about swimming” before summer.
"Half of all (annual drownings occur between June and August,” he said. "Swimming skills, obviously, (help to pre-1 vent drownings.”
The special "Leam-To-Swim” course will include five halfhour lessons with instruction in basic swimming skills, safety procedures at pools, and methods of assisting other swimmers to safety even if one can’t swim himself.
One of the five daily classes will be reserved for ll to 14-year-olds. All classes will be offered in the afternoon.
Stecker invited interested parents or youngsters to contact him at the Central Y for further information and registration blanks. Application for the class should be made by Wednesday, May 29.
Government Prints Huge Book of Random Statistics
WASHINGTON - "In Case You Ever Wondered” is in print again — the title that should be on one of the most awesome publications ever to come out of Washington. D.C.
In case you ever wondered: Each American eats 6.1 pounds of shelled peanuts a year, there are 1,815 one-room schools still surviving across the country, 33,300,000 homes have electric can openers, and pleasure driving is the favorite outdoor recreation of 34 percent of the nation — or was back in 1972.
Officially, says the National Geographic Society, the government calls this thousand-page compendium of fine print tables "Statistical Abstract of the Unit
ed States, 1973.” It’s an annual effort of the Bureau of the Census, which has been updating and publishing it for 94 years. Typical nuggets include:
In 1971, railroad builders laid 22,777.000 railroad ties; the 1972 American pig population was 61,502.000; and 321 Basque sheep-herders entered the U.S. in 1972, as well as 63. 722 foreign officials.
Within this three-pound volume seemingly countless facts lie in wait to surprise readers who can’t find them anywhere else. The book has long been respected as the standard statistical summary of the social, political. and economic ways of the U.S.
TACOMA. Wash. (I PI) The Rainier glaciers have been ad- lat»*d to volcanic heat or to the .several years of unusually i United : vancing but that others are eith- outflow of normal meltwater iheavy snowfalls. I
tored in the ice.
largest glacier in the States outside Alaska has been er stagnant or retreating advancing at a rate of about IOO Flood Risks
feet per year since 1967
we know that
The ice sheet is known as Dr. Mark Meier, chief of the have often followed strong ad- four years
Emmons glacier. It blankets USGS glaciological research of- vances of certain glaciers, par-much of the north side of 14.410- ^ce *n Tacoma, said Mt. Rainier ticularly Nisqually, Kautz and foot Mt. Rainier southeast of glaciers were getting partial South Tahoma glaciers here iarly close scrutiny because of
Glaciologists for the U S, Ce- natur° o! Ideological Survey predict that “Mt. Rainier is a quiescent t>urst floods more of the mountain’s many volcano anil the combination of glaciers will begin advancing volcanic heat and glacial ice c an as a result of unusually heavy produce disastrous floods,” he Meier said that bec ause gla-snowfalls during the past 20 said. "Some of these glaciers ciers are sensitive indicators of years. Aerial photographs taken I lave produced hazardous out- climatic change, glaciers on Mt. annually since the mid-1960s! burst floods in the past, but we Rainier have begun thickening
. were more cynical about
“From past studio, however, jsnowsTave bern measured'on the^Ses^bm the" sTudv
pt-!,k <lunn* thr<* of thC last toy were also cling-
wed strong ad- four years. I jng to ok|(T va,ueJ. A s)ron(!
"With the average snowpack support of and belief in ed-
in the North Cascades running ucation. living "a clean, mor-
abuot 50 percent deeper during a1 life,” the work ethic and
Eventually we hope to be the past decade than it Was in the importance of being physi-
able to predict such glac ial out- ,the 1920s, and 1930s, when snow i cally strong.
measures began, we fully expect more of Mt. Rainicr’s glaciers will soon be advancing.”
The complete Yankelovich study is to be published this fall by McGraw-Hill.
He Wants Piped
Music in Subway
TORONTO (AP) — Veteran band leader Benny Louis wants to see piped music installed in the Toronto subway system and the Toronto Transit commission is interested. Louis, who has been asked by the TTC to submit a report, says the speakers could be arranged in such a way that travelers who didn’t want to listen to the music or news reports could eas ily move out of earshot. He said the system would cost $100,000 to install and $60,000 a year to operate.
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India s Phone Service Lags
By Raraesh Pan
NEW DELHI (UPI) - Despite India’s ambitious frve-jear-
development plan and efforts to
partment has a different answer. It blames its subscribers for the mess.
India's state minister for com-;
than a telephone connection in india,” one annoyed indian business man told UPI.
Although the Indian gov* rn catch up with other developing ment> "hich owns the country’s munications, Slier Singh, stated
Asian nations, its telephone sys- entire telephone system, sane- jn parijament that lhe lotal fij,.
tem seems to sit at the bottom 11 ons telephone connections to a unrviid telephone bills
I special category including diplo- uro lor unPtlld tcltPhont-
mats, journalists, doctors, par- had reached the astronomical liamentarians and social j sum of 730 million rupees (about workers on a priority basis, J million). Singh said the delin-others have to pay an initial deposit of 3,000 rupees ($390) and then wait indefinitely for phone.
of the planning barrel.
In the Indian capital, for instance, which claims to have modem, streamlined communications, 73,000 telephone applications are gathering dust, buried inside government "pending folders.”
Of these, at least 8,(MKI applications have remained “pending” for the last IO years.
"It’s easier to obtain a bride
quents included some of the! government’s own ministries, j a If the telephone department ! was paid for its services, the
The public has no doubt minister implied, it could im
where the fault lies — “go- prove the service and provide
vernment red tape and inept!- more telephones.
tude" are commonly given the -----
blame. Rut the telephone de- j DRIVE SAFELY
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