Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 27, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Wednesday, March 27, 1974
Dark day for Iowa?
THE HIGHLY controversial bill giving public employes collective bargaining rights enjoyed by privately-employed individuals for 40 years has been reprinted as adopted by the Iowa house and returned to the senate, where it originated last year.
There’s a chance the senate will accept all the house amendments and forward it to Governor Ray, who has repeatedly requested this right for public employes. If the senate refuses, however, to accept house amendments and the house won’t back down, the bill could be lost in conference committee during the waning days of this session.
As passed by the house the bill is better than the senate version. Two flaws in the original proposal were pointed out here before the house started its debate Feb. 20. The house remedied one of those completely and clarified the other to a point where it is acceptable.
One flaw in the bill called for compulsory “final offer’’ arbitration without spelling out that in no case would a final offer be acceptable if it required the public employer to go beyond legal spending limits. The house clarified this point.
Another flaw in the original tied the salary of the chairman of the Public Employment Relations Board (PERB), created by the act, to that of a district court judge, while setting salaries of the other two PERB members at 90 percent of the chairman’s. The house divorced the chairman’s salary from that of a judge, but left that of the other two members at 90 percent of whatever the legislature sets the chairman’s.
In the closing arguments on the bill, opponents said its adoption by the house marked “the darkest day” in the history of Iowa. Proponents hailed the action as an extension to public employes of the same rights enjoyed by private employes.
The proponents’ outlook made the more sense. “Darkest day” arguments have rumbled earlier in connection with such reforms as reapportionment, the governmental reorganization and, even longer ago, to the fight for legalizing colored oleo.
In none of those instances did the day work out to be the darkest. In fact, the state is better off with fair apportionment of legislative seats, with governmental reorganization and with colored oleo.
The opponents would have done better to discover through a little checking what the problem’s real essence is: That if Iowa had been paying its employes what it should have been paying them in years past; if it had been providing fringe benefits similar to those enjoyed by private employes for many years; if it had been paying the mileage it should have paid to employes using their own cars on state business instead of forcing them to subsidize the state through low mileage — then probably there never would have been demands for a collective bargaining bill in the first place.
As it stands now, this is a workable bill. If employer and employe alike cooperate to make it work as intended, Iowa will wind up better off than it would be if the legislature continued to deny bargaining rights to its employes.
Revisiting obscenity control
IN ATTEMPTING to devise a valid law that will prevent undue exposure of pornography to minors, the Iowa house is functioning on safe legitimate ground. Protection of the immature against smut-market exploitation and possible harm is a function of law not easily open to challenge.
Attempting to extend the scope of such a law to all adults as well as minors through “local standard” option to communities that might want something stronger than the basic law, however, enters on the same shaky footings that brought about collapse of Iowa’s original obscenity controls. It risks the same unconstitutionality that killed those.
The main objection of the courts to statutes as they stood was that such terms as “lewd,” “obscene” and “immoral” had been too illdefined and vague to stand up as enforceable under pressure. Difficulty over what’s “obscene” and what is not has been the downfall of enforcement efforts nationally as well as here in Iowa.
The newly passed house bill at
tacks the vagueness flaw by classifying this as obscene:
"Any material depicting or describing the genitals, sex acts, masturbation, excretory functions or sado-masochistic abuse which the average person, taking the material as a whole and applying contemporary community standards with respect to what is suitable material for minors, would find appeals to the prurient interest and is patently offensive; and the material, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, scientific, political or artistic value."
That cranks in a lot of what the courts have said should be there, but it also introduces still another monumental vagueness that could lead to trouble: the “average person.” What’s “average,” who’s “average” and how do you tell could tie new knots in any further court consideration of the problem.
Clouded, too, by vagaries of local-standard diversity all over the place, the net result could well turn out to be another stack of nothing. Simple uniformity for minors alone would be a safer, smarter path to follow on the state’s next journey through this thicket.
Way with words
By Theodore M. Bernstein
CURRENT CANT. Not new, but prevalent is the use of split in the sens J of leav ing or walking out. Thus, someone who is with it today would be likely to say, “It was a lousy party, so I split.’'
Incidentally, it is remarkable how the word louty has persisted It carne into the language centuries ago as a general pejorative term and then lier ame widely used during World war I. With all the bugs that are around, why, one wonders, did they pick on the lousy little louse?
Who rn ogam. The newspaper sentence began, "Anatoly Karpov, the 22 year old Soviet grandmaster who the Russians expect to be the next world cham pion.. ."
It of course should Im- whom Arthur J Morgan of New York points out that “the reason Is one ut the less well known r jU-of grammar: The subject of an infinitive must lie in the objective case
That is true, but it does not cover enough ground, hor instance ii the n. finn ive to be were eliminated and in
stead of “expect to be” the sentence to read “acclaim as," the pronoun would still have to be whom.
The best guide is to recast any clause of this kind into a little sentence by itself using a simple third-person pronoun (ha or she, him or her) in place of the relative pronoun (who or whom) and see which seems correct. In this instance the recasting would produce, “The Russians expect him (not ha therefore not who) to be the next world champion.
On the other hand, if the sentence had read, “. . . who, the Russians expect, will be the next world champion," that would have been correct. Recasting that one, we would have, “The Russians expert ha (not him, therefore not whom), will be the next world champion.'
Word oddities. The word felicitate, a hu h is equivalent to congratulate,
literally means to cause to be happy. It is nl Latin origin and stems from felix, meaning happy. As is obvious, the mas-i Airn- name f elix and the feminine cam* Fe IP i a rome from the same plait*. Uapp . guy, happy gal
NIU tv* ?>«<*» Syndical#
People's forumSomething wrong
To the Editor:
On March 20, I attended Michael Ser-vey’s funeral. Because he was a close friend and this my first funeral, it was very hard on me.
But why does such a senseless thing have to happen? Nothing is gained from it, nothing at all. Both of these young adults would never have hurt anybody. Why would someone want to hurt them? Why?
Something is wrong here, something is very wrong. Within the last four years, there have been half a dozen cases like this. It’s senseless. . . . How can we be sure that ii won’t happen again? There is no way we can be sure, unless something is done. This is why I think in cases like this, capital punishment should be brought back into use.
What more evidence does Governor Ray need that something is very wrong with the penal system here in Iowa?
Gayle Mead 256 Johnson avenue NWCongress down
To the Editor:
Recent polls confirm what Informed people already knew. Respect for congress has reached a new low. The following is a direct quotation from the highly respected Democratic chairman of the house armed services committee.
"This is the most unstable congress in the history of the country. There are too many bad congressmen in this congress. Irresponsibility is so widespread in the senate that, if the Ten Commandments were before it, they would be amended."
There are two principal reasons for the widespread contempt for congress. First, too many of its members are the captives of a powerful pressure group that supports them with funds of doubtful legality and paid political workers. Informed citizens know just how these paid parrots will vote on any measure in congress.
Second, there hcs been a steady decline In the character of congress since TV newscasts began. Four-flusher* ham it up and substitute gimmicks for the general welfare. I he TV’ newscasts have not escaped the massive infiltration of the news media by the phony liberals, some of whom actually contribute to political slush funds.
The unfairness of networks’ newscast-Ing has been documented In several books and many magazine articles. An article in the February Readers Digest is an example of the exposures made by the more reputable magazines, now so important because of the rapid decline in the character of Time and Newsweek. The people will not get the whole truth from the haters and soap-boxers who dominate much of network newscasting.
Those who have controlled congress for the last 20 years are responsible for the cruel inflation and the energy crisis.InsightsCrowing a bit
They failed to heed the warnings of wiser and better men. The nation needs to replace over half of the present members of congress. Don’t let them fool you again.
Ross Young 1052 Daniels street NEBurden of proof
To the Editor:
As we in this community are still under the influence of the shock of the sadistic recent double murders, I hope and pray that those in a position to do anything about rape laws and trials will give some serious thought to how hard the young woman victim would have had to fight to prove her innocence to the courts and the public had she survived the terrible attack.
Mrs. Paul E. Stratton Route I, FairfaxBrainwash
To the Editor:
Watching "The Execution of Eddie Slovik", one wonders why they waited almost 40 years to bring this up. However, it’s quite simple: Eisenhower was the President and a Republican. I have said that in this Watergate mess they are out to get the Republicans even if they have to invade the grave to do it
All this brainwashing the people have been getting isn’t coming from our men in the senate. They are fed what to say just as if they were computers, and they have become puppets of the reds. It s my opinion these communists own the news media, or at least have controlling power, and when they say "frog" these puppets jump.
There was a time when we had control of these beasts. But one of the wise old supreme court judges with one swipe of the pen put them in power. Unions, politics, schools — just name it and they are there. ...
Electorate s ominous roar
What the people are getting is the biggest brainwash in history. One would think they would have learned something from the past demonstrations and riots. All this mass hysteria, getting the people all roused up — that’s a communist trick, and many people believe them. . . .
Time was when desertion and treason were a hanging crime. Men knew that before they entered the service. As for Slovik being the only one executed, we only have their word for it. . . . If the communists take over, our money, wealth and everything else will be taken from us, and most of all our freedom. Better think about that.
Joann Briggman ManchesterUnconvinced
To the Editor:
I thought at first we had a gasoline shortage. But when they found 27,000 gallons of gas in a gas station which had signs up saying it was out of gas, that right there made me a disbeliever in the gas shortage.
Steven Klimes Middle AmanaAnother View
“I heard some news Sunday. ‘The inherit the earth.' "
meekArab aid for IRA
By Jack Anderson
WASHINGTON - The terrorist wing of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) has been equipped, presumably by Arab guerillas, with Russian shoulder-fired missiles for shooting down British helicopters. In addition, the Arabs are believed to have helped the IRA pepper London with bombs.
These two unhappy disclosures are made in a sec ret U. S. intelligence report obtained by Rep. John Murphy (I)-N.Y.) and turned over to chairman Harley Staggers (D-W.Va.) of the house interstate and foreign commerce committee.
The British helicopters in Northern Ireland, besides their advantages over ground vehicles for surveillance, have been used to transport troops rapidly from one trouble spot to the next. IRA gunfire, so far, has not been effective against them.
The Strella SA-7 missiles, however, have a range of almost three miles anil can be aimed and fired in seconds. They "home” on the heat from jet motors or can be fired like ordinary weapons at prop-driven planes, helicopters or objects.
"Arab terrorists (are) loose in Europe and England" and are armed with the 30-pound rockets, said the intelligence report, developed by the CIA, and summarized and circulated to the FBI, Secret Service, Federal Aviation Administration and othtu sensitive agencies. The missiles, said the report, were "originally smuggled into Belgium in Libyan diplomatic pouches. . . .
"Libya has publicly stated its support of the IRA as a revolutionary movement," the report went on. “British intelligence (has) stated there is ‘firm evidence’ that Arab terrorists are working with the Irish Republican Army and are part of the bombing campaign which has plagued London in recent months.
"British officials have also received intelligence reports that the Russian-built SA-7 missiles are in the hands of the IRA in Northern Ireland," the document
“Sources indicate they are for use against British helicopters along the border between Ireland and those counties under UK (British) control.”
The secret advisory said the British army is "on alert especially during the day when the danger is greatest as the terrorists would probably have to rely on visual sighting." At night, jet aircraft would also be vulnerable because the missiles seek out the heat from their jet blasts, said the report.
There is danger even if the missiles do not hit their target. They then zoom to seek out other jet planes, school chimneys or, indeed, any heat source.
At Heathrow airport in London, as we reported on Feb. IO, the British army was put on alert for Secretary of State Henry Kissinger’s visit because intelligence reports had indicated Arab fanatics planned to shoot a Strella up his plane’s jetpipe.
United Feature Syndicate
Traditional politics shunned
Misery loves company, but company does not reciprocate.
By Roscoe Drummond
t V Candidates who will be running for congress, delegates to the 1976 Democratic and Republican national conventions — all need to beware.
There is a probing, searching restlessness among the nation’s voters. The evident mood is: “Let’s see some changes around here."
This is not just a subjective opinion on my part. It is the conclusion supported by a survey of the readers of every newspaper which publishes this column.
The responses show :
1. That there is a widespread concern over the state of polities and the quality of national leadership — presidential and congressional.
2. That a majority of those who replied do not favor the presidential nomination of any of the present leaders in the opinion polls.
3 That there are diverse and wideranging suggestions for presidential candidate material, regardless of party.
The size of the response reveals something of the acute political interest in this post-Watergate period. I had invited readers to mail their proposals for presidential nominees with special attention to new faces
To date, there have been 987 replies. This is riot a scientifically balanced sample of political opinion, but it is revealing.
It reveals that the top three choices for a presidential nomination are Sen.
Charles Percy of Illinois with 373 votes; John Gardner, head of Common Cause, with 271 votes, and Elliot Richardson, who resigned as attorney general, with 184 votes.
Below these three were Gov. Ronald Reagan of California, 127; Vice-president Gerald Ford, 97; Sen. Henry Jackson of Washington, 96; Nelson Rockefeller, 95; anil Sen. Howard Baker of Tennessee.
Former Texas Democrat-turned-Republican John Connelly received 71 votes; Gov. George Wallace of Alabama received 46 votes; and Sen. Edward Kennedy of Massachusetts, 44.
There is one thing this poll accomplishes beyond dispute. It answers the question: Would these 987 readers, representing every region of the country about evenly, like to see both parties consider other candidates than those whom politicians and political writers most often mention?
They would. From Spiro Agnew anil Columnist Jack Anderson to HEW Secretary Caspar Weinberger and UAW President Leonard Woodcock — with Lady Bird Johnson mentioned several times — a grand total of 113 names were brought forward. This dearly Indicates that voters would like to see the parties break away from the same old political figures and canvass the nation for other-than-obvious candidates.
Possible presidential nominees with political background occasionally mentioned in the press cited In the survey are Gov. Tom McCall and Sen Mark Hatfield of Oregon; Sen Edward Brooke of Massachusetts; Gov. Heubin Askew of Florida; Sen. Adlal Stevenson III of Illinois; Secretary of State Henry Kissinger; Gov. Dale Bumpers of Arkansas;
former Atty. Gen. Ramsey Clark; Mayor Tom Bradley of Los Angeles; and Sen. James Buckley of New York.
But readers did not limit themselves to people in political life. Here is a fair sample across the spectrum; Ralph Nader; Columnist William Buckley; Princeton President Kingman Brewster; Chief Justice Warren Berger; former Justice Arthur Goldberg; broadcasters David Brinkley, John Chancellor and Walter Cronkite; Henry Ford II; Prof.
Roscoe Ify Drummond ",
John Kenneth Galbraith; former college official S. I. Hayakawa; David Rockefeller; Secretary of Defense James Schlesingcr; former Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, former Secretary of State William Rogers; former deputy Atty. Gen. William Ruckelshaus; and U.S. District Judge John Sirica.
Obviously these are spontaneous, |M*rhaps in part off-the-cuff choices. Hut they show beyond any doubt that many voters want the parties to open their ranks and their minds to a wider choice of presidential nominations. What would help most would In* an objective nonpartisan appraisal of qualified presidential material so that both voters and party leaders can consider them seriously.
Lot Anotia! flint! Syndical*