Page 1 of 5 Jun 1944 Issue of Cedar Rapids Gazette in Cedar-Rapids, Iowa

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 5, 1944, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Iowa weather partly Cloudy and cooler ton4hi and tuesday. Freak to Strong winds. Volume 62�?-number 148. Nave you voted polls close 8 pan. City final 5 cents Cedar rapids Iowa monday june 5, 1944.associated press United press International news current comment by Harry Boyd in an article on a the future of the Middle classes in the current Atlantic Leo m. Chime contends that a Middle class Ness is nit a social status but a state of mind and predicts that it is in for some painful pinching Between the forces of big business on the one hand and labor on the other he holds that the Middle class faces frustration in its Effort to strike a balance Between a its impractical aspirations and a the i realities of the new regulated capitalism. The idea that an individual can improve his lot by his own Enterprise chem suggests is doomed by a trend sharply a by Frank Nye. Collated by the War for big Busi-1 Beardsley Ruml the tax Ness and the organised labor. A. ,. Plan Man. Was in town Over groups to run the whole show. Or the weekend visiting h i s As Cherne puts it it All sounds father or. W. Ruml 1901 fifth allies push from Rome Ruml views big tax Cut in postwar primary vote Fly. Be runs Light in Cedar rapids f0rccf kc61 world Safe Des Moines apr voting in Iowa a primary election monday apparently was the lightest in at least two decades but in a few communities it exceeded expectations because of weather conditions which kept some Farmers out of the Fields. Election officials at Dubuque said the total vote was expected to re cd the 1942 total when 8,000 democratic and 1,200 Republican ballots were cast. The larger than predicted vote was foreseen this morning because of the weather. A discouraging by logical. But my Avenue be. And while he did in Jess is that he is taking a de not Haye much say about feat St attitude toward the imply. Cations of powerful new economic e new simplified pay As tool we jus. Have Learned How you go program he did give Quot a a of votes had of Force against to handle yet. Forth with some highly intr cast at the primary polls in 20 of an aggressor who on the surface it does teem that Guong ideas on Federal Post Cedar rapids 23 precincts at 21 menaced the future peace of by Louise Lux. Staff Correct in dental it. Vernon Admiral William d. Leahy speaking at the ninety first commencement of Cornell College monday called for a postwar agreement under which the United nations would pledge to join in the if the great social trends now in evidence continue the individual1 War axes is Likely to be lost in the shuffle. Ruml dismissed Congress Sim but that conclusion overlooks the Lilied plan with a comment that powerful fact that every individual a it was Long overdue and it has rage of 40.5 votes per precinct still thinks of the world As revolt now been done then launched thus while the voting was still Fco Jinto a Learned discussion of Post almost inconceivably Light and War tax possibilities that should was running True to prediction. . Monday in one of the Light the world. Est votes of the City a history. A reports from ail but three of j 1 Admiral. President Roose the polling places showed Only be s personal chief of staff who 81? votes had been cast a an a later was to receive the honorary ing about himself. His Moit pow degree of doctor of Laws said a if these civilized Christian Peoples should at the end of this War enter into a solemn agree Ciul urge is and always will be. Madden the heart of evry Sui the Pace was picking up Over ment to join forces at once against at at. I i i no and not Ion that Mav in the flit to to control his own environment Fering soul. Morning balloting when Only 384 and eventually he will get the Rob i to make it Short and Snappy i votes had been cast in i pre done despite occasional backslide Ruml believes taxes could be re Dancu an average of diced a in the aggregate by More better than 23 per precinct Ings and apparent frustrations. The fun Haf anticipated Condi i polls opened at 7 . In Cedar rapids but in some precincts Only t he . Will be too years old tuesday. As in Many of the other 10,000 communities throughout the world where the a by a has become an integral part of everyday life the anniversary will be celebrated Here in Cedar rapids with appropriate festivities. The remarkable history of the organization was outlined adequately in sunday s Gazette arid there is no need to repeat any of it Here. For my part in a less interested in the a by so past than in its fun j hour week. Lure. Its program of activities is tons come to pass. Among those conditions Are 1. A National income of $146. 000,000,000 annually at the present Price level which would mean a 50 percent increase in our Standard of living Over anything we have Ever known. 2. A National budget of $18,-000,000,000 annually exclusive of social Security and debt retirement but including interest on Public debt us hich would run from $5.500. Khz too to $6,000,-000.000 a year. 3. A High employment of 55.-000,000 persons working a 40 the judges and clerks themselves any nation that May in the future violate the sovereignty or the territory of any other nation such an agreement would make International War by an aggressor impossible of Success a the Admiral bitterly criticized had voted in the first hour. Polls the philosophy of a peace at any in the county opened an hour later. All polls will remain open until 8 pm. Absentee ballots. part of a any Price a he said is a slavery Dishonour of your women destruction of your Homes and denial of your god. A perfect weather was at hand or p no for the academic procession from a a of Jim ii is us Job Shuttie photo. Admiral William d. Leahy chief of staff to president Roosevelt and it. Comdr. Totten p. Heffelfinger officer in charge of the naval flight preparatory school at Cornell College in of. Vernon Exchange observations during a Lull in sunday afternoon s reception for the Admiral at Armstrong Hall. Admiral Leahy delivered the address at Cornell s ninety first commencement monday morning. He was guest of Honor at a dinner sunday evening at the Home of president and mrs. Russell d. Cole. Another picture on Back Page an indication of How Little main Hall to King memorial interest there is in politics was j Chapel where the graduation sex count y auditor Ray c. Coutts excises were held before an Audi report that Only 111 of the 168 ence of approximately 1,000. Servicemen and women who Hadj previously Admiral Leahy had requested Absentee ballots at his reviewed a regiment of cadets from the naval flight preparatory school stationed on the Cornell Campus. Also in the reviewing line was rear Admiral Osborne b. Hardison chief of naval air office had returned them in time to be counted in mondays election. A total of 208 Absentee ballots including 9? from other than serv a Broad that different people re Hiow Wrath and the Eood na0 be it Jefe wer Recei a in. Primary training with head Quad. A a y m i \ a. Novt in f tvs Quot d eni primary compared with 313 Kan is City. To. Admiral a. to z ii. Tured num it treasurer of r h two years ago in a non presiden Fen different i axons. To me i s a Iii a and company and chairman tial election Yea greatest achievement a teen re Federal Reserve Bank of a a moving the panty Waist Ion Chai Qew York is a Newspaperman Sacier building. Dream when it comes to words. Ters at Kansas City to. Admiral Hardison left it. Vernon immediately following the ins pee. I a he practically interviews him Phe a by has established itself s0 goes As a rallying Point for virile. A what about a postwar tax pro practical Moded men who As Gram Well adjusted citizens recognize q t t,1tr the importance of promoting Spir Nares ritual values. It typifies decent be-1 a Success in working out a pro tonight at 7 30 Washington up a president Roosevelt will proclaim the fall of Rome to the nation and the world tonight in a 15-minute fireside Chat expected to remind the Axis satellites perhaps for the last time that they must get out of the War or share the certain destruction awaiting Germany. He will speak from 7 30 to 7 45 ., cwt. The address will be broadcast by All major networks and shortwave to Europe and the rest of the world. Unless voting picks up during Quot a. I by a introduced in the school election even if vat Willham c a la but 8 Cornell the t a established itself a Elf it s Herf Gois. My Pace foes increase it is a doubt. College graduate who is now on a As a rallying Point for virile Quot wha a Kent a a Nat Var Ian no Ful if the 6 700 votes cast in the the staff of the army Daty general election will be Vocate 8ener� reached and it is even probable text of Leahy talk that the 3.735 votes cast in the a ,. City primary election March 15 to Admiral Leahy is Savior with hair on its Chest and Gram of High employment after Woji not be surpassed. Talk follows has got Over to thousands of boys the War will depend on having a few contests pm the Republic emr president the trustees the the fact that a is not unmanly to sound tax system with sub Stan can ballot and Lack of county can faculty and the alumni /1t_. according to clean. Christian tidily lower rates on a Public Didat son the democratic ballot a or is difficult to express my Vatican City up Vatican Vatican unhurt by Allied raids scribes find eternal City nearly intact Hugh Baillie president of up assigned Reynolds Packard Veteran War correspondent and manager of the former up Rome Bureau to reopen the Bureau at the first Opportunity. Packard with his wife and assistant Eleanor Packard arrived in Rome to carry out that assignment Toile fighting was still continuing in the City. Resistance ended foe flees North Naples apr King Victor Emmanuel has signed a decree giving up his Powers and turned ii Over to the italian government. It was reported monday night Naples a Allied Mechanic Raynolds an Eleanor Packard Rome up a just 20 minutes after the last enemy tank had rolled past we reached the Center i teed columns forded the tiber of Rome sunday night and found River after streaming through that the germans Nad left the City the streets of liberated Rome 95 percent intact. _. A few fires set by the germans at Breakneck Pace monday in were still burning and railway Pursuit of disorganized Ger were it m Resul of Man forces seeking to make a net stand somewhere far North of the eternal City. Allied raids but Rome As a whole was surprisingly Little changed from the time we left it for an in the r n in e it Camp two years and 25 d a y s ago following the United states entry into the War. Our jeep was fourth in line in the first Allied column entering eur it nor n, by Eleanor Packard. Continued on Page 2, col. 5. Principles. In a world that tra works program designed to help i tonally has left much of its stabilize the construction Indus spiritual guidance to women by and on financing social be that a no mean accomplishment purity so it will not be deflation tri cd or of to m Rill of the world of the future will be Ary Sulu Tuituu i Lulu filled with mechanical and Sci no now you ask me a How can you Tiftic wonders to offset physical Ower tax rates and mental weakness but there will be no gadgets to take the a by adopting a principle of place of strength of character lowering tax rates to balance Only persistent nurturing of a the budget at High employment. Philosophy such As the \. A now you ask a High employ a espouses will Supply that need. My Nfn i defines his terms. A Hiday i talked to a business Man who spends a Good Deal a opinion today seems to be Cen appreciation of the Honor which City has not been damaged in you have promised to Confer upon any Way by the extensive bomb me today and it is of course com ing that the allies have delivered Plet Fly impossible to measure up to Railroad Yards in Rome. To the stature indicated in his in j this fact was confirmed tues to. A production by your distinguished Day by Harold Tittmann United u rider i rust act alumnus colonel Rigby whom i states envoy to the Vatican who have known for Manv years. Gave me an interview after i had Washington apr Over a the and i together have in the made my Way into Vatican Cit ruling a decision that has stood past solved some badly tangled territory. For 75 years the supreme court Legal problems affecting the Hap Tittmann said he understood the held monday that insurance in piness of the inhabitants of erne German and japanese Amassa business in interstate Commerce of our territories though i must j Dors to the holy see planned to and is subject to the Sherman honesty and in Justice to him renin in Vatican City. Anti Trust act. Confess to you that he provided Justice Black wrote the 4-3 de in he Legal Talent leaving to me or his Leisure time on the Cedar Bering on a $140,000,000,000 nac sinn. Chief Justice Stone wrote he talk a i pm a a i Quot River. He was urging the in Poi tonal income at the present Price a dissenting opinion in which feta it Jusi and eau ladle instance of doing something to curb level which would mean an in Justice Frankfurter concurred a tip the recklessness of youngster in crease of about 50 percent in our Justice Jackson also wrote amp a. 1 and my aj%mncu�ual.say5 15 worse we quote Quot a had.1&Quot her a Pic in 7 a Hurt m the Legal j had planned to write some How big a budget problems does not seem to me to thing about it today so it was j have to balance encouraging to learn that police a think we should figure $18.-chief Tom Condon already is on annually at High pm top of the situation and doing ? payment exclusive of social be mime thing to get it straightened runt and debt retirement but we took no part in the Case. The Case specifically involved1 196 Stock fire insurance comps Hies. And 27 individuals connected with the Southeastern underwriters association in Florida be any justification for your out. He has called a meeting of a Liuding interest on Public debt Alabama Virginia North Caro men familiar with the River to which will run Between $5,500, i a. South Carolina and Georgia discuss practical safety Quot Oft 000,000 and $6,000,000,000 Lions and work out some effect Nej methods of enforcing them it is cites Iowa heritage. A it would therefore appear desirable if not necessary that i should offer some qualification or a the Pope is always willing to work for peace a Tittmann added. A but i doubt that the fall of Rome will necessarily cause him to make any special demarche at the present time. A the attitude of the Pope is one of strict neutrality. During the German occupation of Rome uniformed germans were not permitted to go beyond the Gates guarded by the Swiss guards. Nor Are uniformed americans going to be per knitted to do so. While in Vatican i territory ii Learned that the Pope is in Good excuse for accepting an invitation health although said to be deeply to be with you in Celebration of distressed by the fighting that Blacks majority opinion said _ ions in Emo ruins. Lonn where can we begin after a no commercial Enterprise of any this great Day in the personal his Quot in Quot Many places Quot of Quot the find it time for taking such a have a level of employment kid which conducts its activity tory of you Young women and world. He is understood to have Long pa5 that we consider a satisfactory across state nes has been held Young men w to. Having compleat. Intensified his work to assist War Lone will we have to a it Ait until to be wholly beyond the Regula de your preparation in this a prisoner on both sides. Ryphe greatest tragedy in the we it si40.000.000.000 National i All too Many Cedar River com untl1 can put go drownings of the last few years is that most of them could have been prevented by Observance of a few simple rules of behaviour rates Down must not wait. _ a no we must not wait. We own int practice in expert must put them Down As soon As tory Power of Congress under the Penally know College of Iowa Commerce clause. We cannot make Start today on the great Advent an exception of the business of Ture of adult life. A Oil liens Lou of Kimmel trial limit insurance. Iced persons who Are familiar reconstruction is substantially with River hazards. Presumably completed so our tax program the chirps meeting will result in will help us get to High employ putting those rules into a City ment and so we will not be work ordinance that will give people j continued on Page 3. Col. 5. Who use the River something approaching the same degree of Protection the City tries to see that they get on the streets. Whether the City can police the River regularly is questionable but certainly some of the responsible persons who frequent the River can be deputized to see that reasonable safety rules Are served. Ive might have expected i of once economic necessity forced the men who pay the Bills to do their own Yard work it was inevitable that Tome real thought would be put into ways and Means of taking the Drudgery out of it. T now that Young boys Are draw ing big paychecks in the War plants thousands of Middle aged Householder Are renewing their acquaintance with the own mow Era a and already i hear discussion How a scoring system might be worked out for Lawn mowing something that would make it As much fun. Almost As Golf. As yet there is nothing practical in this line to report but please stand by. Conferees accept cabaret tax Cut a the Only qualifications i have to offer Are that my father practice Law in Hampton. Iowa in Washington apr Over 1868, which is a Long time ago to the protest of sen. Clark do you and to me that he was a who denounced As a fall hokum to ice Tartow nor it member of your state legislature official statements that immedi a Ash i no ton Koi Trefin 1872-1878 and that i was bom ate courts martial would interfere monday agreed to a a farm residence on the Edge with the War the Senate approved f. Rider to the debt town of Hampton. This it by voice vote monday a Resolution limit bib which would reduce the Atter makes your state my birth extending for one year the period cabaret tax from 30 percent to Olace of which i have been very in which rear Admiral husband 20 percent. Quot proud through the years while in. Kimmel and maj. Gen. Walter the conferees decided however watching from a distance the q Short May be brought to trial to eliminate the Senate provision growth and development of Iowa a connection with the Pearl Harwich would have exempted to a position of outstanding Imbor disaster members of the armed forces from Ortance in the life of the nation. A a spokesmen peed to bib no of accept the Senate a decision to in a the qualities of True Educa crease the debt limit to $260, Tion exemplified in the principles 000,000.000 from the present Ceil enunciated by Cornell College Quot avy hold Public trials during my of $210,000,000,900. I since its beginning in 1853, and this crucial stage of the j followed through the years a your preceding graduates do not change with passing time of. Sheehy sgt. Miller Are missing c�4�r rapid new a 0 two Cedar rapids men la Richard s. Sheehy and sgt. Edward j. Eddie Miller have been missing in action Over the european continent since the Middle of May according to word received by their families from the War department. La Sheehy 21, a Bombardier is missing in action Over Romania As of May 18, Date of a raid on the Plesti Oil Fields. Sgt. Miller 19, a Turret gunner on a b-25, is missing in action Over Italy As of May 15. The message concerning it. Sheehy came As his wife the former Patricia Marshall daughter of or. And mrs. Verne Marshall 532 Knollwood drive be was Enro Ute to Monrovia calif., with her sister Jeanne to visit relatives. The message awaited her in Monrovia where she was to arrive at noon monday. It. Sheehy is the son of mrs. Edward Sheehy 361 Garden drive be. In the May is operation 756 fortresses and liberators accompanied by an equal number of fighters swept Over the Balkans in one of the largess raids staged no to that time by italian based planet. Heavy damage is reported to have been inflicted on the Plesti Fields. It. Sheehy then a University of Michigan student entered service in january 1943, and received his commission at big Spring Texas last fall shortly before his marriage on oct. 27 to miss Marshall. Sgt. Miller the son of or. And mrs. Earl h. Miller 927 c Avenue new enlisted on his eighteenth birthday Jan. 28. 1943, the same Day he was graduated from Roosevelt High school. He took Basic training at fort Sill okla., and received his Gunnels wings at the Columbia s. A Airfield last fall. He landed in North Africa about March 15, then went to Italy and to Corsica. The las4, letter received by his family was dated from Corsica May 8. Official announcement that the last vestiges of enemy resistance inside Rome had come to an end was made monday by the Headquarters of Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson. Before this time it was possible Only to say with absolute truth that american and British forces had consolidated themselves strongly Only on the right flank while enemy troops on the left had continued rearguard Resis i w a 4 Tance in an Effort to protect the The three tanks ahead of us mass withdrawal to the North. Sped off in Pursuit of eight Ger. ,. Man Mark in tanks while we. O f headed for the bar at the grand i by \ 7ri7n hotel for a drink of italian Cognac the t Ber the italians at the bar at first Quot ass do no som place a % the a thought we were germans and i to a gang it manifestly Limpos would not drink with us. But a ble or the germans to offer when Peter the Barman and the manager of the hotel recognized us the atmosphere changed abruptly. Five minutes later the american stars and stripes and the British Union Jack were flying from the hotels Flagstaff Over the doorway the first Allied flags to Fly in Rome since the United states entered the War. Overwhelmed with kisses. Our trip through the streets of Rome and its suburbs had been in the nature of a triumphant tour. Never before had we been kissed so often or so much. Men and women alike overwhelmed us with their kisses. Eleanor wearing a steel helmet and Khaki trousers was kissed on the face by men who apologetically Shook her hand when they discovered she woes not a Man. The women wanted to kiss Eleanor than the men while the men Felt free to lavish their Welcome on Reynolds. We had to restrain our jeep Driver. Pvt. Delmar Richardson fort Wayne ind., from taking a punch at some of the men. A we done to Welcome people like that in Indiana a he grumbled. We had a bad Case of jitters getting into Rome. At least six times we lost our nerve and turned Back Only to talk ourselves into turning around and heading for the capital again. The sniping and shelling was so bad that sometimes we Felt like minesweepers. Once or twice we got ahead of the tanks the column. Once inside Rome italians waded knee deep through water filled by a broken main to Greet us. Though Well dressed and neat the women told us they had been suffering from malnutrition for More than two years and had had no meat for the last four months no eggs and no Gas. Clapping cheering italians threw armful of roses onto the american tanks and into our jeep As we rumbled through the streets. Although the bolder italians sought to kiss or shake hands with us Many seemed Only to want to touch us As if it would bring them Good Luck. Once the tank in front of us stopped and the officer in charge any further organized resistance within the capital. _ first capita freed. The triumphant fifth army troops liberators of the first Axis dominated capital in Europe to return to Allied influence scarcely paused in their drive through Rome. Except for essential forces left behind to maintain order the bulk of the army swept on. It was evident the nazis would attempt to establish a new line somewhere South of the to River Valley. The danger to the Axis Force still facing the left flank of the fifth army Between Rome and the seacoast grew steadily. The main escape route of these forces was lost when it. Gen. Mark Clarks Armor and infantry crashed through the defensive screen on the outskirts of Rome. The extent to which German armed strength was smashed in the crucial Days preceding first Allied penetration of Rome a Borders sunday afternoon was shown by the fact 337 enemy prisoners taken at Velletri had been thrown together from 50 different companies. Planes rip Retreat. Throughout the Day planes of the Allied tactical air Force flew More than 900 sorties in the Roma area alone. Six Hundred enemy vehicles part of the Parade of routed German strength streaking North were destroyed. Another 600 were damaged. The roads North of the capital were jammed with wrecked and burning vehicles. Tanks filled with German dead littered the streets. Allied infantry and tanks meanwhile continued to Advance on the whole main front South and East of Rome capturing Piuggi and Tho neighbouring town of Acuto. Farther West a Llano was occupied by Advance elements. Some stubborn resistance was still encountered on this Battle line. 26,666 prisoners. The tidal wave Advance brought the total of prisoners taken since the offensive began Little More than two weeks ago to More than 20.000. British and Canadian troops of the eighth army maintaining Contact with the nazi rearguard came Back and asked if we had i in the Liri and Sacco valleys a map of Rome As he War sup progressed a considerably the posed to go to the railway Sta britons cleared palestrina Piuggi Tion and was not sure of the route. Ziglio Paliano Guarcini and when the italians surmised Cave of All remnants of the in continued on Page 2, col 2. Adoption of the Resolution similar to one pending in the House came after sen. Hatch . Held it would be a a grave mistake to compel the army end Beardsley Ruml a record National income today s Index Marquis Childs. A Orn pcs a ii deaths. 2 farm it David Lawrence. 6 Paul Mallen. A Marion. 12 movies. F Drew Pearson. 6 radio. 3 sports. 8 state 4 Walter Winchell. A women a features .7 a education As Weka i it in America develops a a sense of fair pm Hor men. An understand or mental dependence von use other an traders. Agot their Equality of Opp try a sympathetic appreciative if vice difficulties of others s free fake invasion Flash culprit i at i London to a Quot Young Quot a Tyr a whose in startled a saturday was said to be 1 Cost n a f jus exha lation in her Home monday. Her illness was reported by a Blue . Flyers missing in Europe Dom and facility in the insult network correspondent to e daily mail reported that of truth. A out her in our opened to Rivich Mauor Neer ancestors my i i continued on miss Ellis sister Alice a Waal a Ces subsection Blader was granted a Plo special leave to be with her. The now newspaper quoted Alice As saying a a Hor sister a was worried to i. Richard Sheehy Emy garrisons. In the Rome sector the germans fought sporadic rearguard delaying actions. An official account of the drive into Rome said a reconnaissance elements entered the South a item outskirts of the City at two Points about 8 . And 9 a in. Respectively and a few hours later had pushed on to within its official limits. Gosling division. A the principal breakthrough toward Rome was made in a sector defended by the Hermann Goering division which fought vainly in North Africa and Sicily As Well to stay the Allied Advance. A one american Force moving Forward from the Southeast generally along Highway 6, advanced nearly eight Miles then met stiff resistance from the enemy on the Eastern outskirts. A three Miles due East of Roma stubborn enemy defense were met with leading tanks encountering Many mines. A other fifth army Force meanwhile had moved Forward to Points four Miles South of rom ssi. Edward Miller so Highway 7. _

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