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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - February 2, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- A little u.linier tonight, lows around 20. Warmer Sunday, hi^hs iii mid .‘ids. VOLUME 92 NUMBER 24 BJ fkdar leu pitta CITY FINAL IO CENTS * CK DA Iv RAPIDS, IOWA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Mansfield Probe WASHINGTON (AP) - In the official Democratic response to President Nixon, Sen. Mike Mansfield of Montana has rejected Nixon’s call for a fast windup to Watergate investigations. He told the nation Friday night that the senate Watergate committee may have to stay in business past its Feb. 28 deadline to avoid jeopardizing Watergate trials and added that the work of Special Prosecutor I,eon Jaworski must continue “for however long may be necessary.” “WiietfteF it be months or years, there are no judicial short cuts,” the senate Democratic leader said as he rejected Nixon’s contention in his State of the Union speech that “one year of Watergate is enough.” However, Mansfield said he doesn’t think either Watergate or the threat of impeachment have crippled Nixon’s ability to govern. Answers Questions In contrast to Nixon’s Wednesday night speech, delivered with full pomp and ceremony to a joint session of congress and a packed gallery in the house chamber, Mansfield spoke seated at his desk in his Capitol office. When he finished his 30-minute prepared remarks, he answered 42 questions in 20 minutes from reporters. Unlike Nixon, Mansfield made a major point of the need for Many Retail Items Freed Of Control WASHINGTON (AP) - Stores that handle about 25 percent of the country’s retail sales have been freed of price and wage controls but officials said they foresee no sharp price boosts. Among those not affected are retail food stores, and Director John T. Dunlop of the Cost of Living Council indicated that controls in that area are not likely to be lifted soon. “Certain food prices are expected to rise increasingly in the months ahead,” he told a news conference, adding that retailers’ profit margins may not be to blame. Stores removed from Phase 4 controls are those handling hardware, building materials, garden stipnlies. general merchandise, boats, recreational and utility trailers, apparel and accessories, furniture and home furnishings, and food and drink sold by establishments doing less than $50 million in sales yearly. Only chain restaurants do more than that. Still Controlled In addition to food stores, controls remain in effect over retail stores of petroleum and its products, motor vehicles, parts and equipment, and large eating and drinking establishments. “I do not think it will make any appreciable difference in retail prices,” Dunlop said “I don't honestly expect them to bt1 any different than they otherwise would have been ’’ The action does not affect wholesale prices, winch have been rising about twice as fast as retail levels, and it does not (Continued: Page 2 Col. 2.) Today s Index Spurns Short Cut election reform, urging the President to join the Democrats in cleaning up “the campaign financing mess.” He said: “We shall not finally come to grips with the problem except as we are prepared to pay for the public business of elections with public funds.” Rationing View Where Nixon vowed “to do everything we can to avoid gasoline rationing,” Mansfield said ;he thinks rationing is necessary. “Do you like standing in line to buy $2 worth of gasoline?” he asked. “Do you like paying 50 to 55 cents a gallon for gas?” He indicated he doesn’t share Nixon’s view that a recession will be avoided in 1974 as he warned of the need “to make certain that the energy shortage does not devastate the economy. ..” Declaring the Democratic-controlled congress will push programs that will not only produce “a decent present” but “reach for a decent future,” (Mansfield listed tax and pension I reform, health insurance and a minimum wage hike as major I goals. Budget Cuts He called for cuts in Nixon's budget, particularly in defense. ; and said next November’s congressional elections will “test the record of the past two years.” Mansfield listed congressional achievements of the last year, including action to bar bombing Trucker Shutdown Continues Spread By Assoc iated Press    merous    incidents    of    rock throw- About 200 armed national;i»Uf. tire slashing and shootings guardsmen were stationed along were reP°rtcd- highways in Pennsylvania Saturday as a shutdown by independent truckers continued to spread, throwing thousands of persons temporarily out of work. “Won t Risk It” Don Wolf, a driver hauling beef to Florida, pulled into a truck stop at Atlanta and said he “was not going to get on that road and risk a piece of concrete through the window just Incidents of violence con- so people in Miami can eat jtinuec in several states as truck steak.” traffic slowed in parts of more Florida Gov. Reubin Askew than 20 states, stretching down asked his national guard to the Eastern seaboard into the truck gasoline to local fire and South and across the Midwest. police departments which were The guardsmen on duty in,^tinning short. Pennsylvania were not involved Askew stopped short of ac-in any incidents during the l*vatmK the guard, but he told it night, authorities said. More to check with loca] governments were to go on active duty later and gasoline^ to those which J in the day. In New Jersey, normal opera tions resumed at three major oil I company terminals which had been forced to halt gasoline deliveries because of the strike. Trucks Roll most needed it. Federal officials ordered emergency supplies of gasoline shipped to stations in the Miami and Jacksonville areas, where they said near panic existed. The exact extent of the shutdown could not be determined, — UPI T#i ^ho.o ROSE MARY WOODS, President Nixon's personal secretary, is escorted away by her attorney, Ciwies Rhyne, after lengthy questioning oefore a federal grand jury on the Watergate tape erasure controversy. ★ ★ ★ "Set Her Up Deaths in Fire Rise to 177 For Blame," Lawyer Says Spokesmen for Shell, Chevron d appeared to be getting and American said fuel trucks stronger in some areas and began rolling out of their termi- spreading into states such as nais early Saturday. The spokes- Texas, Wisconsin and Michigan, men said there were no pick I*1 Georgia, state troopers els or protesters in sight. sa*d they had never seen truck The terminals were shut down! *ra[^.80    *n Pennsylvania at midnight Thursday when the f3d _0, pohce in some areas slowdown began. Officials said they feared violence might said very the roads. few trucks were on SAO PAULO, Brazil (AP) —| DI* aw *u r ,IC, ..    .    .    erupt    if    they    tried    to drive their People trapped above the fire “Everything got worse when rigs through lhe plckel iincs. A short circuit in an air condi-ladders tried to lower them-the windows were touched”; tioning system triggered a blaze selves on sheets. One fell to a Cnntiori *1,,, w.,n|,>c ua    , Gonnectiait, independent ,    , *? ....    ,,    .    ,.    Rene    Contieri,    the    banks    ad-    truckers    ended    shutdowns    at in a 25-story bank building that ladder, knocking two firemen    jumpers    enocu    snuiuuwna    ai ...    ...    ,.    ,    .    j WASHINGTON (UPI)   The claimed 177 lives, officials say. j off. All three were killed. w r wm draise^ ial se IIawyer for President Nixon’s The system was being in- Helicopters were prevented curity benefits. Then he plunged' and what he Woods, charged Friday Nixon’s Watergate lawyers set Flames spread quickly, feeding But after the flames and smoke her up to take last year. Flames and two-hour fire 1974 agenda into Watergate called “the related questions of Jner UP , impeachment and resignation.” ®rasure °f one °f He said Nixon’s vow to serve!^I*8-out his term “closes the matter) Charles Rhyne talked to re-of resignation” but said porters Friday as his client congress has had to shoulder its) gave day-long testimony before I “inescapable responsibilities” | a federal grand jury investigat-on Watergate and impeachment mg the erasure—which tape ex-j “in order to cleanse the political ports have said was deliberate— processes of the nation.” I of 18' i minutes of a key Water-In what amounted to a pledge gate tape.    injured to conclude both house and sen Rhyne also said the experts ate 1974. putt be dc ! sion Doubts Nixon Tax Liability In California _________r  v, o, ..........-______  “When    the    first    rescue    ladder end. “I think it would be mean- SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — ; the blame for on flammable plastic materials died down, a Brazilian air forte ('a,TK‘    .    (made    the    girls go wigless over the weekend be- President Nixon probably would of the Watergate used for construction. The office helicopter plucked more than 80    J    "I    .av!    nthnr ?!*** our oPeration ^ curtailed not owe any California income building was completed only survivors from the roof in a WdS/om'ng d0^’ 1 ^dw °lher‘hen, maybe cut in half, because ministrative manager, said I four truck stops r_________ 'They began to explode, and Spokesmen at the stops said it (personal secretary. Rose Mary stalled on the 12th floor when from landing on the roof be- sPbnters injured many peo- was unclear if the protests and gave his|U7—ln    u ,    the    fire    broke    out    early    Friday,    cause    of    the    heat    and    smoke    IP*6,    would    resume    after the week- smoke forced from the about a series of landings. Window Splinters _  Earlier,    people on the (Photos on Picture Page J    waved frantically persons throw themselves from of ieS£ traffic,” said one truck tax even tde sta*e *ounc* some up there.    stop    employe.    •    bis    income    taxable,    one    of his Down on the street, people |    Five    Shootings    lawyers    says. r00f tried to persuade those in the    *    Attorney Dean Butler of Los five building not to jump. Several The Ohio highway patrol early Ange|es said any liability would waved frantically to five    siloing not lo jump. several    me umu nignway pairoi cany    Ange|es said any liability would smaller helicopters which were    sheets painted with the words    Saturday reported at least a    probably be offset by deductions ir    unable to land. Others waited    “calm,” “Danger is past” and    dozen incidents since midnight    (he president can claim. dozen occupants to leap to their More than IOO persons for help in open windows and Wait were held up. balconies as flames engulfed the I AAA    ..,ahL Im LiiiLlmri    **V/«***%/ I aL*»Iv" /erage During the question period, he Saturday, morgue “They were given the job to prove it was her and they went announced that 177 bodies had been brought from the building.! “Nobody has ever been set up Fire officials said more victims ..    ..    ,    .,    any more, and then the v turned were believed still in the nothin*! so far to prepare for he ,hc rts |oou    charred    slructurc trial that would follow if the    #♦    > u Miss Woods, after sht Thirty-four were found dead emerged from testifying, said in a sj'ng|e bathroom. A volun- said the senate is “watching    t .    . with great interest what happens in the house” but has done RIO DE JANEIRO (AIM house impeaches Nixon Mansfield said he favors tele- .    .    , vision coverage of bolh house J ,if )u™rs’ 1 d leer rescue worker said he Federal police Saturday con-and senate impeachment pro-    a    thousand t,mes 11 found eight dead women in an- firmed a report by Scotland ceedings    they want me to ”    other    bathroom.    Yard    that one of Britain’s Great “What Watergate did to pub- 1 have on,y one story to tcl1 Two from the u s wcre Train Hobbers had cap-lic confidence with regard to the |    ,''£!o,d1 il    ILI    Iamon* the dcad They were lured in Brazil. se told only the truth all the William Franz Williams, super- A spokesman said of operations world," Great Train Robbery Mastermind Captured nation’s politics,” he said, “the detained Ronald lives. in scattered parts of the state,! BuUer wmmen(ed after the including five shootings.    California    franchise tax board The patrol said a woman driv- priday exempted most of Nixing an industrial catering ser-on’s income from taxation, vice van was pulled from her, jt Nixon and his wife are truck and beaten Friday night. not Ca|ifornia residents for tax It said she was rescued when purposes even though they call two passing steel haulers■ California their home and are stopped their rig and jumped “domiciled” in the state, out with a shotgun. She was not seriously injured.    Mig*!    Ba    VMM* Pennsylvania Gov. Milton Martin Huff, the board’s exec-Shapp has called for a meeting utivc director, said the Pres-in Washington with dissident ident still might be liable for truck drivers and federal of- taxes on income originating in ficialsearly next week.    his native state. The state can He asked for the meeting collect taxes from a non-resi-after a marathon session with dent only on income generated truckers and officials from Ohio from CaLfomia sources, he said. and Connecticut.    j    “if    you’re    a    resident,    we    tax Thousands of drivers were ob- you on all your income,” Huff Yard    detec-    serving the shutdown cither be-jtold a news conference    Friday, cause they Agree with the “if you’re a non-resident, then The spokesman said they    flew    truckers demand for guaran-jthere is a limit to what    we can after a tip from the day in London that Biggs, who escaped from prison in 1965 a year after being sentenced in the $7-nullion robbery, had been by two energy crisis has done in the way    and    *    wdl    rcPf,a*    d    intended of operations for Biggs was arrested Friday in realm of the nation's economy." to everybody in the world,” she Banco Crefisul Investment,jins hotel room overlooking Co- to Brazil after a tip from the teed lower prices for diesel fuel reach.” He said he thinks Nixon has sa‘d‘    and hindus Marsh, manager of pacabana beach    london Daily Express, which or because they were afraid to Huff declined to speculate on the authority to order rationing    ~    ~    the banks credit department. Brazil and Britain have no ex- said its reporters had tracked defy the strike call. The driven whether Nixon had any Califor- w it bout the authority in the en-    Less    Mu    A    number    of officials cri- tradition treaty, but Brazilian Biggs to the hotel room.    also are seeking more money nia income or owed any taxes, ergy bill rejected last week by, ATLANTA (AIM — The na- ticized the new building’s safety authorities have been known to Biggs was convicted of mas- for the cargo they haul.    He    said he would determine the senate and said he thinks a tional Center for Disease Con- features and charged fire de deport foreign criminals as terminding the robbery, which    Economic    Impact    ,ba*    a^,cr    congressional price rollback rather than trol says there have been scat- partment resources were made- “undesirable elements” even if became legend because of ifs T.    .    .    joint    committee    on    internal rev- mayjtered outbreaks of influenza but I quote. The building had no fire no crime has been committed on cunning execution and the world llle fafonon.u^ unPacl "as enue taxation completed its rewire the national incidence of the escape, and rescue ladders Brazilian territory.    (record size of the haul. He was j e* ’ 3,1 re Prcjview of the President’s taxes. (disease is well below last year, cou d not reach the top IO floors j A Yard spokesman said Fri- sentenced to 30 years in prison. excess profits legislation, be the best way to deal soaring prices. Stand May Imperil His Post, Scott Told Economic Impact economic impact were predictions it would be felt even js expected to take at least more in a matter of days.    another    month. San Clemente Deal The Armour Food Co. announced it was closing down or curtailing operations at seven    One    possible    source of    taxable meat packing plants, other ^California    inn    me    is    the    $117,370 Chun It . 3 Comics I Courthouse . 3 Crossword 9 I Milv Record , 3 Deaths 3 Editorial Features I Financial III Moi iou IO Movies ii Sports 7.8 Television ..... I Want Ads 11-13 Bv Carl Leubsdorf WASHINGTON (AIM Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott is being advised that his leadership position could be jeopardized by his repeated insistence that John Dean lied iii contending President Nixon knew of the Watergate coverup Some close to the Pennsylvania .senator acknowledge that he has put himself on an extremely shakv limb in sticking to that stance despite a Watergate prosecutor’s statement that Dean’s testimony has thus far stood up Scott’s .statements, which have not been backed by any of his senate G O P colleagues, have drawn skepticism and some private criticism among members of his party already uneasy because of Watergate. Though aides (Hunt out that Scott’s internal party position could bo strengthened by Nixon’s exoneration in the next few months, they make clear that they have advised him of the perils of prolonged .support of the embattled President. One possibility they are watching for is a challenge to his leadership jnist at the start of tin* next congress next January, presumably from Sen. Robert Griffin of Michigan, his ambitious deputy. Griffin has pointedly reframed from expressing much is not e support for the President re eentlv and made clear to r< porters Friday that hi happy to let Scott do the talk mg on th*- Nixon-Dean credi bilify problem. At the same time, however Scott was down at the Whit! House declaring: “I’m backtracking one sing inch ” This was one day after Assistant Watergate Prosecutor Richard Davis said: “Based on the evidence we have cumulated so far. we havi reason for believing Mr. Dean has committed perjury in any proceeding.” Scott’s statements the last two weeks were based on transcripts brought to him by White House Chief of Staff Be no Alexander Haig They reportedly contradict Dean’s claim that Nixon’s awareness of the Watergate cover-up is evident in their conversations Sept 15, 1972; Fob 28, 1973 and March 13, 1973 If that is so, it would uphold Nixon’s contention that he first learned of the cover up March 21. 1973 But presidential tape recordings of the Sept 15, March 13 and March 21 conversations are among those turned over to the prosecutor’s office last year Though the Scott camp suggested Thursday that “we be lieve there is a tape Jaworski has not seen,” covering the Feb. 28 conversation, those familiar with the matter believe Prosecutor I^eon Jaworski has tapes of all Nixon Dean conversations on Watergate Scott meanwhile did give some indications he is beginning to have second thoughts about his course, even while he was maintaining it He sounded increasingly testy toward the end of the week At one stage, when reporters pursued him for comment on Davis’ statement, he brushed by and said “I’m not commenting on anything.” A day earlier, raising the issue to reporters, he warned he would have a lot to say “if the rug is pulled out from under.” And he added, “PII be goddamned if ITI be a patsy for anybody.” packing plants in Iowa, Texas and Missouri closed; General Electric shut down a plant in northeast Ohio; five small trucking firms in three states closed and two Philadelphia slaughterhouses locked their doors. In all, at least 10,000 workers were affected, and several major steel mills, a dozen large Appalachian coal mines and a major General Electric plant said they couldn’t operate much longer unless the trucks .started rolling again. Iii addition, winter fruit and vegetables were said to be with luring in Florida farm fields. Michigan trucking officials said a dozen drivers who attempted to defy the shutdown. call had been beaten up, nu-' profit Nixon reported earning OI a 1970 San Clemente land tram action. On the advice of tax lawyer arid accountants, he reported n< taxable capital gain on the sale That aspect of his returns i under study by the committee. Nixon’s California tax statu; became a major issue Dec when the White House reveals in a detailed accounting of hi finances that he had paid ni state or local income taxi?; since becoming President lodni/'s C liur/«,*!<• Over here they’re called coffee breaks. In England they’re called ubsent-teabm, Copyright A ;

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