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View Sample Pages : Cedar Rapids Gazette, December 31, 1974

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 31, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Editorial Page Tuesday, December 31, 1974 Retrospection, '74 Looking back at year’s-end on events and trends that touched the world, this Republic and especially the corner of it known as Iowa, some highlights of reaction to them on these pages once again are apropos. Editorially in 1974, The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Supported the idea of a “SKYWAY” network of enclosed, elevated walkways in downtown Cedar Rapids. Rated state aid for schools and better pay for state employes as the top legislative priorities for Iowa’s TREASURY SURPLUS of $120 million. Considered a relaxing of CLEAN AIR standards as acceptable to help ease the energy shortage and help the economy only if it is temporary and if long-range clean-air goals stay in force. Backed Governor Ray’s proposal for removing the 3 percent SALES TAX on food and drugs. Favored the dropping of WAGE and PRICE CONTROLS upon their scheduled expiration April 30. Praised the work of Secretary of State Kissinger in arranging a PEACE AGREEMENT in the Middle East. Urged a city investment in further planning to upgrade FIRST AVENUE’S traffic-carrying capacity. Encouraged a statewide movement to expand the AMTRAK rail network across Iowa along North Western trackage. Called for better housekeeping and for additional special-care facilities at the less-than-satisfacto-ry Linn county JAIL. Concluded, from the best information either side could muster in a safety dispute over NUCLEAR POWER, that this source of energy should continue and expand: The benefits are worth the risk. Supported passage of a state COLLECTIVE BARGAINING bill for public employes, subject to changes concerning binding arbitration and salaries of employment relations board members. Suggested better consideration for nonsmokers through a law limiting indoor SMOKING in public places to specifically designated rooms or lounges. Continued support for RIGHT TURNS ON RED signals but doubted the safety merit of changing from turns wherever signs announce them to a system allowing turns everywhere except where signs forbid. Sided with Governor Ray in his veto of the LONG-TRUCK bill permitting 65-foot twin bottom trailers on four-lane highways. Dimly viewed Attorney General Turner’s proposal for restoring the DEATH PENALTY in Iowa. Reiterated past advice for doing away with the ELECTORAL COLLEGE and electing U.S. Presidents directly, by popular vote. Urged adoption of statewide guidelines to cover CABLE TV development uniformly in Iowa. Doubted that an income TAX CUT as proposed in congress was a timely or desirable step in view of budget deficits and inflation. Opposed a CABLE-TV proposal before Cedar Rapids voters because its franchise ordinance was not on the ballot and the people had inadequate assurances as to whether service would be good. Recommended a compromise form of conditional AMNESTY for draft evaders and deserters, rather than clean-sweep, nostrings forgiveness. Disagreed with arguments that an IMPEACHMENT action against President Nixon would severely weaken or destroy the presidency itself. Saluted the city parks and planning departments for their role in developing new RIVERFRONT PARKS in central Cedar Rapids. Welcomed ordinance adoption to require that police personnel take LIE DETECTOR tests under grand jury auspices or face discharge. Deplored the “BLUE FLU” walkout in protest to this action. Called for public ownership rather than private possession of government OFFICIALS’ PAPERS relating to public duties, after the officials leave office. Recommended approval of a $7.8 million bond issue in April for renovation of four old C R. JUNIOR HIGH schools and another for $8.9 million in December. Saw merit in proposals that congress limit the scope of EXECUTIVE PRIVILEGE that any President can claim in withholding information. Criticized repeatedly the law requiring 60-PERCENT approval Insights Coteau-• T'-Ow** N f    O A,    fit***'«•«*    ^    *y Public opinion s always in advance of the law, John Galsworthy of bond issues, because it devalues some voters, overweights others, and handicaps Iowa communities in making worthy improvements. Found it beautifully ironic in the service of justice that unrequired, voluntary, government-financed TAPING of presidential-office conversations were a self-imposed “dirty trick” upon which the fate of a presidency would hang. Condemned the house of representatives’ defeat of a bill that would have paved the way for gradual development of the METRIC SYSTEM in this country. Appraised the Iowa LEGISLATURE’S 1974 session as difficult but rewarding, with the general assembly earning high marks for its service. Favored survival of the federal COMMUNITY action program for health, employment and anti-poverty services despite fund-hold-backs by the White House. Cited advantages in a proposal that congress ban the sale of NONRETURNABLE CONTAINERS, to improve the environment. lauded efforts to establish a better NATIONAL ANTHEM than “The Star-Spangled Banner”. Advocated an “OPEN” PRIMARY election system for Iowa, requiring no party pre-affiliation and letting any voter privately pick either party’s ballot at the polls instead of having to declare membership. Acknowledged the Linn county GRAND JURY’S findings and indictments in the case of alleged wrongdoing in the Cedar Rapids police department as a creditable job. Suggested that Iowa’s new department of transportation promote legislation giving cities better leverage to order RAILROAD CROSSING improvements. Promoted the idea of turning abandoned railroad rights-of-way into BICYCLE PATHS and nature trails. Saw more to lose than gain in a ballot proposal for electing school board members from residential DISTRICTS instead of at large. Found fault with the U.S. department of agriculture’s credibility in overinflating its CROP PRODUCTION estimates. Reasoned, on the basis of devastating new tape disclosures and a heavy swing in congressional judgment toward impeachment and conviction, that Mr. NIXON’S RESIGNATION would be preferable. Favored a compromise eliminating DAYLIGHT SAVING time from the year’s coldest, darkest months. Commended PRESIDENT FORD for launching his administration in a strong and confidence-restoring way. Hailed birth-rate reductions showing up in the U.S. and urged the promotion of POPULATION-GROWTH restraint worldwide. Endorsed Nelson Rockefeller’s nomination for VICE-PRESIDENT and maintained that position through the hearings on his appointment. In September’s SCHOOL ELECTIONS, recommended votes continuing Kirkwood Community college’s %-mill levy, expanding uses for the public schools’ 2l/fc-miil levy and establishing a community-service-rec-reation levy in C.R. Deemed it premature and legally unsatisfactory that President Ford had granted a PARDON to former President Nixon. Supported the $3 million bond-issue proposition for creation of a modern natural-habitat ZOO in Cedar Rapids. Applauded Governor Ray’s appointment of DONALD GARDNER of Cedar Rapids to the state department of transportation. Rated AIR-QUAUTY improvement as a top-priority item for civic action in C R. Credited Sen. Edward KENNEDY with a wise decision in withdrawing from consideration as the Democratic presidential nominee in 1976. In the November elections, ENDORSED Culver over Stanley for U.S. senator, Ray over Scha-ben for Iowa governor, and Riley over Blouin for Second district congressman. Advocated voter approval of state constitutional AMENDMENTS on special-session methods and distribution of fines. Concurred with city council plans to replace an overly restrictive ordinance banning all FILMS IN TAVERNS with one that would be fairer and constitutionally stronger. Complimented the city council for expanding its program to RAZE dilapidated houses, and urged further action on housing REHABILITATION. Pressed for uninterrupted construction action on INTERSTATE 380 through Cedar Rapids and north through Hiawatha. Saw little or nothing to gain in launching a federal grand-jury probe of BUGGING allegedly done in the past within the C.R. police department. Disfavored a 37-percent PAY INCREASE for members of congress. Prodded the city council to pass an ordinance restricting afternoon rush-hour TRAIN MOVEMENT on Fourth street downtown. Echoed the newly asserted support by leading conservative columnists for decriminalization or legalization of MARIJUANA use by individuals. Opposed the granting of FOOD STAMPS to people with incomes voluntarily diminished by their going on strike. Campaigned for law revisions preventing the concealment of. ownership in LAND PURCHASES, notably by foreign buyers widening their scope in Iowa. Nuke-rein unimpressive Arms ‘breakthrough’ By Louis Horns    reoc^,n®    agreement with General Seethe Harris Survey    rotary Brezhnev of Russia to set a ceiling on ., ,    ,    j    the number of missiles and nuclear warheads Although the concept of the    U.S. and    ^ us ^ |imk> ^ p,evderit f„d the Soviet Union putting a limit on the ^ ^ TO„, Q number of missiles and nuclear war-    .    .. ..    .    , ,    Others say the agreement will allow both our- heads that each country possesses is .    .    _ ,    ...    __    . .    selves and the Russians to continue an arms popular, univ a narrow plurality, 35-34    •    ^    •    u.    u.    u- ^    .    ..    , r, .,    race, since the ceiling is more than the number percent, believes President I Ord s . .    ....    ,    n    of missiles and warheads either country now claim that his agreement with the Kus-    .    _    .. , ^    „    .    . ,    has. Do you think the agreement was a break- sians at Vladivostok was a major .    .    ... through or not’ breakthrough. FORD BREZHNEV NUCLEAR In fact, there is much skepticism    agreement    a breakthrough? about the announced agreements. The    Totol    Publ(c two chief reservations Americans have are that the ceilings will allow for a    Breakthrough..........................................35 substantial continuation of the arms    Not a breakthrough...................................34 race and that the Russians are unlikely    Not sure.................................................31 to keep their end of the bargain. Those with reservations are con-    Although majorities of every key beseemed that the ceiling may be an invi-    ment across the country are not yet con- tation to a continued arms race. and two    vinced that the agreement is a breakout of three people do not yet believe    through,” the most skeptical groups are that Mr. Ford’s and Secretary Henry    the better educated and affluent. lorty- Kissinger’s initial agreement is a    four to 35 percent of those polhnl who "breakthrough.”    have a college degree do not    consider Still, a majority of the people are    lhe Ford-Brezhnev agreement    a major willing to give President Ford the bene-    steP in nut k*ar disarmamen fit of the doubt Most believe that "just    Nevertheless the willingness of setting a limit” of any kind is a “major    Americans to trust President Ford was accomplishment” as is bringing down    evident in the following questions, defense spending. Those in favor of the arms-limitation agreement also find setting ceilings on nuclear missiles wholly    ’    Now    let    me    reod    you    some    Jtotementj desirable and welcome any steps toward    "Hide by tome people about the recent arms realistic controls.    agreement between Preudent Ford ond Russian Between Dec. 13 and 17. a cross-sec-    Generd Secretory Brezhnev For eoch, tell me tion of 1.466 adults nationwide was    if you tend to ogre* Of diiogree. (Rood stat* asked:    men**)." Institutions outlast Watergate doubted POSITIVE Even though both sides con build more nuclear-armed vehicles and more warheads, lust setting a limit is a major accomplishment, This latest orms agree ment means that at bsf some decrease in arms spending might be possible, and that is good NEGATIVE The agreement is not a real control at all, because the ceiling is so high that it allows almost unlimited expansion of arms by both Russia and the U S. The trouble with this agreement is that we will live up to it and the Russians will not. Agree % Dis agree % Not sure % 63 62 18 17 19 21 47 46 17 27 36 27 The effect of the Vladivostok summit trip of President Ford has been to improve public opinion of his foreign policy. The President’s score on "working for peace in the world” rose eight points because of the Brezhnev agreement. Ford now has a 55-36 percent favorable rating on handling relations with Russia although he only holds a close, 48-39 percent positive rating on reaching an arms-control agreement. Ctiicogo Tribune-New York News Syndicate Year’s end: big ‘why?’ lingers By James J. Kilpatrick SCRABBLE. Va. — Here in the Blue Ridge mountains, the end of the year offers little but a succession of cold gray days. Most evenings we sit by the kitchen fire, reading and talking, and getting up now and then to step over the collies and bring in some more wood it is a great time for reflecting on the year that was; and for a political reporter, the year that was, was Watergate. The one great question that remains is the question of why — why the whole thing happened Most of the other questions have been exhaustively answered. From the house and senate inquiries, and from the coverup trial, we know the who, what, where, when and how. The why of the story still eludes us. This is not true of most stories of corruption in high office. Ordinarily the why is not in doubt: Ordinarily the motive is personal gain. Spiro Agnew needed the money, or thought he m*eded the money, and there is an end to it. But what impelled Richard Nixon and the men around bim? Hundreds of thousands of dollars were floating around. No one took a dime. The usual answer that is given, when the question of why is asked, is that the President and the President’s men were motivated not by the love of money but by the love of power. This is the Greek hubris , a special kind of arrogance, and perhaps this explains a part of the tragedy. Yet in any rational view, Nixon had all the power any man in public life could ask. It was all so needless. Those who admired and supported Richard Nixon keep turning forlornly to that view. There was never a need to extort millions of dollars in campaign contributions. The risk of bugging and burglarizing the Democratic headquarters could not possibly be justified. The dirty tricks were moral wrongs, to be sure, but they were political blunders also The enemies lists were witless. Why were these things done? And why when he learned of them did Nixon himself fail to set* and to ad upon the need for instant disclosure? We look into the kitchen fire, and find no answers there. The probability is that no one — not even Richard Nixon — ever can fully explain the why of the story. It may have been some terrible sense of insecurity on his part, some desperate inarticulate n**od for one more moat and one more barricade that led him to ultimate disgrace The year that was! Politically speaking, we have never known anything like it. We had front-row seats for a drama worthy of Sophocles or Shakespeare, a drama played on a mighty stage, peopled by kings, lords, lackeys, a Fal-staffian Ulasewicz, a Malvolio named Ziegler. We saw a smashing last act in August; and no one who witnessed the President’s farewell soliloquy will forget that hoarse voice and tragic face. Then the curtain fell. The collies, indifferent to drama, stretch and yawn We walk to the woodpile for a backlog to last the night, and sen* that the stars are out. Orion and the Big Dipper are jewels on dark velvet. The year is past — what’s done is done James J. Kilpatrick — and the question is whether our country profits from the experience and puts the lessons to good use. I am optimistic. Some Newtonian law of politics even now is responding to the evil actions of Watergate with an equal and opposite reaction. Twenty states have created ethics commissions or adopted laws to promote full disc losure of campaign finance's One of retiring Sam Enin’s last acts was to introduce in the senate his full package of Watergate reforms. Many of his committee’s recommendations will bt* adopted. For a time, at least, our elections will be cleaner It is the tempering process that makes good steel — fire and water, hammer and anvil. The enduring message of Watergate, as President Ford said in taking office, is that the system works Our national character is not broken; it is strengthened. Our Constitution still sails through the night as serenely shining as the polar star, our compass and our guide. If our institutions can survive the year that was, we cannot fear for the years ahead. A a sh (ngton Star Syndicate People s forum Malpractice To the Editor: Several years ago, some smart-aleck lawyer in Waterloo said that the best way to cut down on medical malpractice lawsuits would be to cut down on medi-cal malpractice. A notion that lucid and logical isn t likely to get much support But it s astounding that, in all the cry-baby stories on malpractice insurance, his suggestion is never given even token consideration Maxine Jackson Fairfax Winter zoo To the Editor As den mothers, we want to thank the city of Cedar Rapids for allowing two groups of 8- to 40-year-old Cub Scouts to visit the winter quarters of the Bever park zoo It is a nice experience for young children of this age to see and visit the animals. We were all very much surprised to set* how clean and warm the buildings are in which the animals are housed during the cold months of the year. Each animal cage had its own automatic waterer and various food pans, depending on the number of animals kept in each one. A very special thank-you to Mr. Leo Prather, whose knowledge and care of these animals allowed him to answer all of the questions asked of him. He took extra pains to show us the important differences of wild animals, especially noting the varied diets they are fed. He is a very well informed man to handle groups such as this We noticed he* is more than an animal caretaker, he is personally concerned for each animal. I hope* that Cedar Rapids anil Mr Prather will continue to allow groups such as ours to tour through these facilities in the future. Judy I^angham 200 Twenty seventh street NW Connie Brown 4H45 Kesler road NW CIA headquarters — we're tracking a half‘naked freak kid, bearing the number seven five . . . please advise. Over’ ;