Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 30, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
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Monday, December 30, 1974
Gross and Hughes retire
Soviets poised to recoup Mideast power
In some respects, Iowa’s Senator Hughes and Congressman Gross, who are retiring from politics after a collective 42 years of distinguished public service, are as different as day from night.
Vet careful research would indicate those differences are limited, basically, to political philosophy and party affiliation: Gross being a conservative Republican, Hughes a liberal Democrat. It would also indicate that these outstanding Iowans are alike in a good many other respects.
Item: Each has deeply-held convictions, together with the courage and ability to express them in public in language that leaves no room for misunderstanding. To put it more colloquially, each has the oldfashioned guts to say what he thinks in a world that could stand more of that in every walk of life.
Item: Each is dedicated to duty and possessed of an unquenchable desire to serve what he deems to be in the public interest.
Item: Each is an individual of unquestioned integrity; devoted to family and friends, to his nation and his God.
Item: Each left private life — Gross as a radio newscaster; Hughes as operator of his own small trucking firm — to enter politics because he felt he had a contribution to make as a public servant.
Item: Each is held in highest esteem by his colleagues, be they
Republicans or Democrats; liberals, moderates or conservatives. This can best be attested by the tributes voiced by those colleagues in the last hours of the recently-adjourned congress.
In Gross’ case they could be summarized best, perhaps, with this statement by Congressman Devine, Ohio Republican: “Who is going to take H.R.’s place? Which gentleman on your side of the aisle (Democratic side) will do the job that he has done throughout the years? And without exception, we have to say that there is no one who can take ll R.’s place.”
In the senate, Hughes was praised as “a unique politician,” a man of “personal magnetism,” and of “moral fervor"; as both the “conscience” and “the acknowledged spirital leader” of the senate. Senator Church, Idaho Democrat, probably caught the mood best when he said of Hughes: “His departure will diminish the senate in a singular way, for he brought to our midst qualities which are needed here.”
At 75, ll. R. Gross is nearing the end of 2f> years of distinguished public service even as Harold Hughes, at 52, approaching the peak of another distinguished career, is turning his many talents from politics to religious work.
lf Iowa had a political hall of fame — and incidentally, why doesn’t it? — H.R. Gross and Harold Hughes would deserve immediate admittance to places among the most outstanding public servants in the state’s history.
When George Orwell constructed his masterful little horror novel, “1984”, he neglected the ultimate potential terror for a sizable percentage of citizens: stigmatization of smokers. Whether the late author considered such oppression is undetermined. We do know, however, that the protagonist of “1984”, a fellow named Winston, was not hounded because of his name; and the movie Winston, Edmond O'Brien, was seen chain-smoking fearlessly.
What brings the Orwell work to mind is the campaign of Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) to send the country’s remaining smokers retreating to the catacombs. Curiously, ASH’s torch is lighted in the name of freedom — that is, nonsmokers’ right to be free of cigaret fumes in private places of business as well as on public property.
Undeniably, the ASH people argue compellingly. Cigaret smoke not only irritates eyes and
nasal passages of nonsmokers, it adds incalculably to clothes-cleanmg bills.
But before nonsmokers man the barricades on behalf of ASH's cause, they should consider. What next?
Once smokers are routed, will chewers of gum be pursued? As any employer who has rejected gum-cracking job applicants will attest, gum chewing can be hazardous to your wealth. Inveterate purveyors of puns also could be persecuted in “1984” fashion, for the purpose of good grooming. If a tellee grimaces repeatedly to suppress laughter, premature wrinkling of the face conceivably could be the devastating result.
Re-addressing the cigaret question: Does the right of nonsmokers outweigh the right of smokers to indulge their habit? On public property, yes; but the push for antismoking standards on private property impresses us as, well, Orwellian.
No date for spirit
By Jim Fiebig
This may start out sounding like an irreligious message, hut my intention is just the opposite.
The birthday of .Jesus Christ was not Dee. 25. any more than it was Dee. 20 or July IK or whatever day of the year you can name. Our Gregorian calendar — like all calendars — is a man-made device, created to help us organize our lives, arrange historic events in order of occurrence and to establish the dates of physical phenomena
And because the calendar is manmade. it has no magical or supernatural powers. On given date — say. Din 25 — it does nothing to recreate events that might have occurred on that same date in the past Granted, the relative position of earth and sun may be similar but, unless you’re an astrologer, where s the significance in that .'
Time is a straight line, not a circle of 385 parts that can be visited year after year.
Jesus was born only once. some 720,-000 earthly revolutions ago. Not only is the moment irretrievable, we can’t even visit that point in the universe where it took place. The earth, pulled along by
the sun. has l**en moving away from it at thousands of miles per hour ever since
What I’m saying is this: lf you’ve ever wished that the spirit of Christmas could exist every day. don’t let the calendar stop you It is just as much Christ's birthday today as it was Dec 25. It will be just as much tomorrow.
Christmas day is whenever you fwd it in vour heart
Feat i j
By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak
WASHINGTON — Moscow’s re-entry into deadlocked Middle East peace efforts via the long-recessed Geneva conference is now all but taken for granted here, despite official denials that Secretary of State Henry Kissinger's shuttle diplomacy has run out of steam.
Those denials, understandable in view of the secretary’s absolute resolve one year ago to block the Soviet Union from sharing in a Mideast political settlement. now have a hollow echo.
With Soviet leader I,eomd Brezhnev due in Cairo for a four-day state visit two weeks from now. Kissinger’s effort to breathe life into a second-round Israeli withdrawal from the Egyptian Sin ai can succeed only by the kind of miracle that seldom happens in the Middle East
“The Russians are salivating,’’ one Ford administration specialist told us. “They always predicted the game would come back to them ”
Indeed, there is reason to believe that some sort of informal understanding may have been reached at Vladivostok between President Ford and Brezhnev: Kissinger would proceed with another round of mediation on the Egyp-tian-Israeli front; but if that failed the C S. would no longer refuse to go to the Geneva conference, where the C S. and Soviet Union would have equal authority as co-chairmen.
The potential failure of Kissinger’s new and valiant effort at mediation is rooted in this irreconcilable conflict: an Egyptian demand for return of the Sinai oil fields and strategic passes, together with some public indication that Israel will make a future pullback from the Syrian Golan Heights — and Israel’s unwillingness, so far, to meet any of those demands.
Thus, both military diplomatic specialists here now say privately that if Kissinger can't reconcile these basic Egypt ian-Israeli disagreements within six to eight weeks, a return to Geneva
by early springtime is predictable lh.it would doom Kissinger’s hard struggle, fully shared in by such anti-communist Mideast countries as oil-rich Saudi \»*< bia, Jordan and Egypt itself, to keep the door at least partially shut to Moscow s ambition for equal status in the Middle East with Washington
In his solo mediation tin* past year, no motive has dominated Kissinger more than a passion to deny the Soviets a formalized presence as peace keeper in the Middle East. Moscow equality with the U.S. as a big-power broker from the Suez Canal to the oil riches of the strategic Persian Gulf would accomplish what the czars always wanted but never could get
This Kissinger nightmare is not shared by all U.S. diplomats and Mideast specialists. The widely-quoted Nov 17 “memorandum’’ of former Undersecretary of State George Ball (most ut which appears in the January Atlantic Monthly) takes a different view
Ball argues that the basic Kissinger
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railing for Israeli withdrawal from Ara > lands seized in the Six Day war.
To Kissinger, then, negotiations at Geneva with Moscow having equal status with Washington would be even ess productive than his personal brand shuttle diplomacy Vet. unless an acceptable Israeli offer to the Egyptians emerges very soon indeed, that is what he is going to get
Publishers HOH Syndicate
States reapproach old problem
Seeking uniformity in anti-porn measures
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By Richard L. Worsnop
If 1974 was the year of campaign reform in the state legislatures. 1975 promises to be the year of anti-obscenity laws. According to the Media Coalition. 4K of the 50 legislatures will consider such legislation and ll of them will enact it. Such matters are of vital concern to the coalition, which comprises seven national trade associations involved with hook, magazine, and film production and distribution
In the coalition's view. anti-obscenity legislation should contain three crucial provisions: (I) Mandatory prior civil proceedings, which would require a judicial determination as to whether the material in question is obscene before any criminal charges can lie brought against the seller; (2) precise definitions of what is “patently offensive’’; (3) statewide standards, since anything less inclusive would “create a chaotic pattern of conflicting local ordinances.”
An obscenity case that began late last year in Orem. Utah. provided an apt illustration of why the coalition is leery of local efforts to monitor allegedly pornographic material. Carole Grant. owner of the town's only bookstore*, was served with a summons for selling four books held to be obscene, including “A Clockwork Orange’’ and “I^ast Tango in Paris”.
Although the charges against Mrs
Grant eventually were dropped. Orem’s strict anti-obscenity ordinance remains on the books. “It defines obscenity so specifically,” Beverly Jackson reported in Publishers Weekly, “that the city fathers were embarrassed to print all 18 pages of it in the local newspaper, as required by law ” The ordinance also provides for a bounty system under which the complainant receives one-third of all monies collected in fines in such cases.
The local approach to obscenity control has the explicit sanction of the C S supreme court. In a series of rulings handed down in 1973 and 1974, the court held that all parts of the* country are not required to follow a national standard in deciding what is and is not obscene. The expectation was that local judges and juries, exercising local standards of taste, would he able to dispose of the vast and growing backlog of pornography cases.
Instead, the flow of obscenity cases headed for supreme court rev iew seems likely to increase. In one of its last decisions of the 1973-74 term, the court overturned the conviction of a Georgia theater manager who had been found guilty of exhibiting obscenity because he had shown the 1971 film, “t arnal Knowledge”.
The court explained that its earlier rulings on obscenity did not give juries “unbridled discretion” to ban anything they found objectionable. Justice William J. Brennan, jr., who feels the gov-
Commission makeup holds key
Politics-playing gnaws at campaign law
By Bruce F. Freed
WASHINGTON — Supporters of the tough new campaign finance reform law fear that the Federal Election Commission established to oversee* the statute may become a patronage football.
Two members have* already been appointed to the* commission. The senate leadership Oct. 18 named the former campaign treasurer of Majority Leader Mike Mansfield (I) Mont.) and a Benn Sylvania public relations executive — who is a former fashion show director active in Pennsylvania Republican affairs.
lf that pattern holds for the other four appointees, say Neal Gregor of the* t enter for Public Financing and Fred Wertheimer of Common Cause, the commission could Ik* gutted and the campaign reform law seriously weakened
The congressional leadership and the White House* appear to Im* “treating these* appointments with all the* importance of appointments to the* hoard of visitors of the* military academies Gregory charged.
Wertheimer warned that the commission “shouldn't Im* considered the congressional retirement act of 1974."
The new law goes into effect Jan I, 1975 It will regulate campaign spending and contributions, require spending and contribution reports from candidates and provide for public financing of presidential primary and general election campaigns and party nominating conventions Nome observers have said that the statute is as complex as I he internal revenue code.
The six commissioners will be responsible- for drawing up regulations implementing the new law for interpreting and enforcing it, and for issuing advisory opinions to candidates “The corn mission is the heart of the law, says Wertheimer, “The new law won't work unless the commission works.”
The new agency is a hybrid regulatory body, which will Ik* made up of persons a painted by congress and by the President. Two arc to be appointed by the president pro tem of the* senate, two by the .speaker of the* house, and two by the President AU must Im* confirmed by both the house* and the senate
Supporters of the law see the choice of persons to sit on the commission as the litmus test of how serious congress and the White House are about enforcing the new law. Rep. Bill Frenzel (R-Minn ), house Republican spokesman for relection reform, worries that the commission might fail its first test
“Creation of the commission was perceived as the special congressional response to Watergate." he said. “lf we appoint unknowns or people with lesser qualifications, that would indicate to the American people that election reform
People 's forum
To the Editor:
First our county attorney and his po-lice boys put out a lot of statements to put a new police commissioner in office (Steinbeck) and the public fell for it and voted him in. Now the grand jury has cost the* taxpayers thousands of dollars to indict six men. only to have the courts throw it out on grounds the grand jury went over the quarter
I think our county attorney knew that and didn t stop it. so his Iwiys are hack on the job and have a five-month vacation No doubt again the taxpayers will pay all flack wages, which will Ik* at least $25,(881 Now our new county attorney says he is going to the grand jury again to investigate everything IU* was assistant county attorney and helped to create this mess. so don’t look for him to do much except to help these Istys stay on the* job
has low priority and that the legislative ac tion was only window dressing.”
As of Dec-. 20, only the senate-selected members of the commission had been chosen
Senate Minority Loader Hugh Scott (R-Pa.) chose Juan I) Aikens of Swarthmore. Pa President of the Pennsylvania Council of Republican Women since 1972, Aikens is an account executive with a public relation-, firm ami — lK*fore that — was a fashion show director and fashion commentator.
I hope the paper and the public get behind this and get the truth exposed and make some charge’s stand . . Also I think Chief La Peters is in the wrong job I hope something is done
William E Sweet 2719 Danwood avenue SE
To the Editor
A headline in The Gazette Dee. 18 read “Fished Sentenced for Hitting Deputy”. Anyone reading it could not help hut believe that Fished was found guilty of hitting this deputy. That definitely is not the case The charge for assault with intent to inflict great bodily injury to a deputy was dropped Why? Because it might prove embarrassing and damaging to the Linn county sheriff's office
So why was he arrested in the first place? Because he walked up to his friend’s car and asked his friend if everything was all right after the deputy was writing out an auto violation ticket. This gave the deputy the authority to begin to searc h Fished and put him under arrest So at that point the struggle began It is a sad day when a man hasn t that right and gets arrested on a trumped-up charge.
I sat in the courtroom listening to the* charges and accusations of this deputy Thank God for the honesty of No. 2 deputy, who was un duty with deputy No. I Fished might now Ik* behind bars unjustly.
So it might be well to take notice of our Linn c ounty sheriff's office. These men should Ik* educated to be officers of the law instead of tyrants. I put the reporter who wrote The Gazette article in the same category as (he No I deputy . . .
( lance Fished Route 3. Marion
Mansfield s selection was Jose ph F. Meglen of Billings, Mont., a lifelong friend and Mansfield’s campaign treasurer in the senator’s last two campaigns. .
Aikens and Meglen have been criticized by some as political hacks Scott's aide, Kenneth Davis, defends the selections. “These people know enough about running and financing campaigns so that they would be sensitive to the problems of the* law,” he said
“I don’t want J aw ors kl type of jmople on the commission I want people who know how campaigns are operated, that you can’t account for every penny, for every volunteer.” he add-
It IS just that attitude that has election reform advocates worried about the other appointments to the commission
Although the house leadership has not announced its selections for the two seats it can fill. chief among the persons considered likely to win those* seats are two congressmen who lost their reselection bids in 1974 — Rep, Vernon VV Thomson (R-Wis.) and Rep. Robert O. Tleman (D R I ). But Tiernan may lose out to a representative of organized la-lM»r. which wants to have its part in implementing the new law
No sign of action on filling the other two sc*ats has come from the White House. Some persons on Capitol Hill are concerned that the White House considers the commission a “dumping ground for defeated mem bors of congress Frenzel complains “I don’t think the White House really understands the importance of the thing The delay concerns me ’
the White House* apjMontmoots are crucial; some view them as “the last hope of those* mte*re*ste*d in a strong commission ” But if Ford d«a*s not choose high quality appointees for the* new agency, complained one campaign reform observer, “we might end up with a commission made* up of thre*e* ex-congressmen, a former campaign treas* urer aud a socialite* That s no wa\ to show that you want to end Wate*rgate ahu.se*s in laddies'"
ConerMttongi Quarter I*
Oh, please, Mother, don t quote Dr. Spock to me!
After all, Julie Eisenhower says ...
eminent would he wise to abandon the field of pornography control, observed that the court was still stuck in “the mire of case-by-case determination of obscenity.”
The new surge of legislative and judicial action on obscenity comes at a time when the American public appears increasingly jaded with pornography. “People are being more selective about the porn they buy,” a clerk at an adult bookstore in San Francisco told a News
week reporter. “Before, anything would sell. But these days they want better-looking people, a better-qualitv product.”
Another factor may Ik* the depressed state of the economy. Pornography hardly rates as an essential item on any one’s budget. As demand shrinks, many purveyors of printed and filmed porn will be forced out of business, but it would be unrealistic to expect all of them to disappear.
Efl'tonot Bescorch Report*