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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 29, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa ®hfr €^dat Ettpitb Editorial Page Sondoy, D«cemb*r 29, 1974 *f'-;. Anti-spying overstepped Double-bladed economic threat perplexes Both the American public and most of the American government do not want and will not tolerate “secret police” spying on American citizens, as an arm of the CIA is alleged to have done in the past several years. Neither do the American public and most of the government want foreign intelligence agents operating in our midst, even if they’re native-born Americans. A central point that should not be forgotten as this flap unfolds is that the reconciling of those wants can easily rut) one against the other harmfully, as seems to have happened in the CIA’s case. The worthy purpose of suppressing real enemies among us put another form of “enemy” among us which was little more acceptable than the one targeted first. Two things, actually, went wrong in the way this developed. One legitimate agency, the CIA, bureaucratically expanded its domain by stretching its proper work against foreign counterintelligence into the domestic field, where the law forbids that. Another legitimate protective agency, the FBI, laid the groundwork for this apparently by doing an inadequate job against the CIA’s foes as a function that law does assign. the To whatever extent the need still exists to neutralize foreign agents working here against the interests of Americans, the problem’s answer obviously lies in a better performance of FBI duties, suitably coordinated with the CIA. Once again, too, the value of a vigilant free press in spotting and in publicizing overstepped bounds has been demonstrated as a check on overzealous bureaucrats. In a climate of detente and lessened cold war tensions it is also easy to downplay domestic security interests and count the “secret police’’ threat as the dominant one. A further point to keep in mind concerning that is this. Despite the U.S. government’s commitment to detente, an overzealous agency could operate to override that policy and stir up trouble. Despite a foreign government’s commitment to detente, a overzealous agency there, too. can do the same disruptively among Americans. The FBI still has a function it should fill effectively in seeing that the foreign force does not. The V-P vanishes Lyndon Johnson served as United States vice-president from January, 1961, to November, 1963, but one would never know it from watching “The Missiles of October” on ABC-TV Dec. 18. All of President Kennedy’s missile-cri-sis confidants were there — McGeorge Bundy to Ted Sorensen. Dedication to detail was critically hailed. But, curiously, there was no mention of either Johnson or the vice-presidency. Was memory deceiving? Was the explosive confrontation with Russia defused without the help of a well-traveled vice-president markedly knowledgeable in foreign affairs? A quick check of recent history texts shows the otherwise meritorious TV’ movie did not do justice to LBJ In “The Missile Crisis” Author Elie Abel put Johnson’s name atop the list of men Kennedy called to an extraordinary Oct. 16, 1962, briefing on Soviet missile sites in Cuba. The TV show began with that very session The vice-president, according to Abel, asked few questions, speaking only w hen spoken to But a Johnson biographer. Booth Mooney, notes in “The Lyndon Johnson Story” that during the crisis-ridden October Johnson met with ambassadors from the Organization of American states on his Texas ranch in preparation for the U.S. position regarding weapons buildups in Cuba. The TV show made much of the unanimous OAS backing of the United States, but failed to mention the statesman who helped inspire the decision. Perhaps Johnson was deleted from the script of “Missiles . . .” because the casting of that bigger-than-life Texan was formidable. That’s doubtful, though, since the producers lurched ahead with Ralph Bellamy as Adlai Stevenson (the only bad casting in the entire three-hour show ). This is not to maximize the program’s subtle revision of modern history. Inaccuracy aside, the deletion of Johnson does follow the popular belief that President Kennedy disliked his running mate and consigned him to nearly three years in limbo. Indeed, Johnson admittedly was miserable in the job, knowing full well that Kennedy was the boss and-that he (Johnson) was not an assistant President. Manifestly, though. Kennedy was too shrewd an operator to keep awesome military secrets from the man who could become President any day and who. in fact, did ascend when JFR was slam 13 months later. In a sense, then. “The Missiles of October” shortened Kennedy’s stature, too — bv implying that LBJ was excluded from the brainstorming. Tape hero objects Butterfield booted By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON — Alexander Butter held, whin* revelation of Richard Nix sn’i secret White House taping system ultimately cracked the Watergate coverup, th being pushed out — va ith considerable reluctance on his part — ax federal aviation administrator On the Friday before Christmas Butterfield aas summoned to the office of tis superior, la mod tick Secretary of Transportation Claude Bnnegar Brine-fcar informed Butterfield he aas though as head of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Butterfield shot tack that be aas a presidential appointee who could tie fired only ti) the Prest dent. But it soon became clear that Bri-Oegar was acting as President Ford s Went. A high-level While House aide inhumed us that Butterfield s imminent departure is merely part of the gradual replacement of Nixon men by Ford meti. But that raises this inevitable question: Why should Mr Ford retain • ahind members blindly toy ai to Nixon until the bitter end atole firing Butterfield a hero of Watergate in forthrightly revealing the existence of the secret White House tapes* The ansaer by one high transporta tion department official is that the White House has aanted to get rid of Butterfield ever since ‘ he blea the ahistle on Nixon hut could not until, first, Nixon aas gone and. second, there aas some excuse for it. The excuse arrived Dec I a hen a TWA BcM*ing 727 crashe*d outside Washington because the FAA had not require*d a safety device One presidential aide snapped “That s ridiculous,'’ to suggestions that Butterfield * sac king might lie long distance retribution for his Watergate role Whatever the reason the dec ision came from the White House Although relations between Bnm-gar and Butterfield a ere stormy and they barely spoke at times Brmegar — bis resignation effective on Feb I — could not nave acted on his oan A footn*rte Bnnegar s resignation beginning the tong overdue cleanup of the old Nixon cabinet aith JU* announcement Der, Ik aas forced rather than voluntary He has grumbled privately that the request for him to quit * one not from Mr Ford hut from White House chief of staff Ism* id Rumsfeld Depression-inflation forces cloud taxing By Tom Wicker NKW YORK — There seems to he a growing consensus among economists that a stimulus to the economy to overcome recession should take priority over measures to bring down inflation Ten leading economists have advised the White House to stimulate, although to differing degrees; so have the Big Four auto makers aud the head of the Toited Automobile Workers; and former Budget Director Charles Sohultze has given the same advice to the senate budget committee Treasury Secretary William Simon and Alan Greenspan, chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers, apparently are not as yet convinced that stimulus is needed Why other economists disagree is well illustrated by an example Schultz cited Already, he said, the economy has slipped so far that if stimulus could produce an upturn by mid 1975. and the economy then grew steadily at the swift rate of 7 percent annually, it still would be the last quarter of 197R before unemployment could he reduced to 5 percent of the labor force. Joblessness up Unemployment in November was at 8.5 percent Some economists think it may rise to 8 percent or higher in the coming year. Ken Hannon, vice-president of the TAW. said that in the hardhit automobile industry, “It s a depression, that’s for sure.” Yet, the consumer price index rose ll 9 percent rn November, leaving the cost-of-living more than 12 percent higher than it was at the end of November, 1973 “Real’’ income was down 8 2 percent rn the same 12 months. Inflation nb\ iously is still at hand, with prices rising in November for food (up nearly I 5 percent), particularly sugar, clothing, natural gas and almost everything else hut gasoline. The dilemma is that measures to stimulate the economy and put people back to work also will have an inflahon-arv effect, while stern measures to fight inflation will further depress the economy and put people out of work The economists who opt for stimulus are therefore choosing the lesser evil. They believe that economic activity has slumped to such a degree and unemployment has risen at such a rate that recession poses a much greater immediate threat than inflation Inflation-force Schultze. for example, said in an interview that if putting the nation "through a wringer" to cure inflation produced K percent unemployment. “thats just not socially acceptable.” Other anti-inflation tools, including wage and price controls, were preferable. in his v lew But a stimulus in the general range of $20-to $25-billion would put jKMtple hack to work and keep others working. Schultze said. without undue inflationary impact next year, lh- conceded that, if long sustained, such economic stimulus would to* highly infla tionary. and therefore suggested that slime part of the tax cut he proposed should lie temporary. Most economists who recommended a stimulus appeared to favor a tax cut over more federal spending, although their detailed statements were not made public. Assuming quick congressional action, a tax cut mort* speedily affects the economy than any spending program possibly can a big public works Tom Wicker program might have no real economic impact for a year and a half, .lust as important, a tax cut can he “turned off” quickly when no longer needed — while federal spending programs tend to go on forever Therefore a tax cut is more attractive to those who want quick stimulus on a temporary basis Even that kind of stimulus obv iously is going to he hard to swallow for a President who entered office proclaiming inflation “public enemy No I” and who as recently as October was recommending a tax increase for all hut the lowest income group. With or without the tax cut, President Ford s first budget probably is going to show the largest peacetime deficit in history . That is not a happy prospect for him, with his commitment to fight inflation. But if an economic stimulus now puts people hack to work and gets the economy on the rise. he need scarcely fear the political result in 1978 New York Times Service Hardest part: To balance what's right By James J. Kilpatrick SCRABBLE, Va — Let me talk for a moment, if I may, about the high price of t ars, the need for coal, and the road to Woodville, because the three themes twist together; they all add up. For the last IO or 12 months, the Forces of Progress have been at work on our road. A year ago, we had an entirely adequate gravel country road It was lined with trees that were pastel lace in spring and crimson fire in fall The ditch hanks provided cover for rabbits, woodchucks, and quail. Near White Walnut Run. the day lilies, red and gold, used to spring up like pennoned trumpets every May. In the memory of man. there had not been a serious accident on the road The volume of traffic was not impressive two vehicles an hour around the clock But the Forces of Progress.prevailed I'll cover the front door, you get the back!’ People's forum Too salty T«» the Editor; The city’s present practice of using salt on intersections of all kinds in the city causes thousands of dollars’ worth of damage to every body’s ears and trucks This practice is not too successful. W hen there is a light snow of two to three inches and the crossings are salted, snow gets like mud and they are just as slick as before. This is evident in the many accidents around town at these times When officials get the snow plows out this solves most of the problem, but they seem to he reluctant to get th** plows out for a light snow There must he something they could use that wouldn’t rust out everyone’# car. I’m sure the people would he glad to pay a little more for something else that would do tho job. ( Maries Risdon 2f)3 Thirty-fourth street drive SF Adoption view To the Editor In reply to Priscilla Cummins' comments regarding adoption in the November 25 Forum I aru a foster mother who has an altogether different view {sunt I I surely do not feel that an unwed girl keeping her baby is as bad as an abortion Vt least she will rod have to an swer to God for destroying a human life Rather, she is to he admired for taking the responsibility of raising her baby the hard way and not taking the easy wayout — abortion 2. I have been a foster mother for MKI babies in the last eleven years and in that time a number of girls have kept their babies. Every young mother whom I have met was extremely excited about her baby and showed a genuine interest I never heard of one of these babies who were returned to the mother ever being physically or mentally abused A number of girls needed time to prepare themselves for tto* responsibility ahead of them. Therefore, the baby remained in my home until they were prepared During their visits they would cry because they were not yet ready and would have to leave without their baby 3 I don't feel that parents, neighbors or friends should interfere with a girl s decision either to keep her baby or place the baby for adoption. It must to* a very difficult decision to make. As a foster mother, I have a hard time giving up my babies because I love them so. I also feel that the welfare of ail concerned — unwed mother, the baby and prof pelt ive adoptive couples — should be kept in focus. Our job as foster parents is to love and care for the*se darling babies while we have them in our home and we should leave the ultimate decision in the hands of the person who xnows — the norther, Bernice Straka I (WO West View Drive Marion Now the trees are gone, the animals are gone, the day lilies lie bedded beneath three inches of compacted stone, and we have a splendid boulevard instead Recently the President of the United States, a man of conservative instincts, wrestled with the strip mining bill. The purpose of the bill is to protect land and surface waters from Hie bleeding scars that are left when stripped earth exposes veins of coal. If the bill takes effect, coal will cost more; and the higher price will further inflate the cost of steel, electric energy, and industrial goods. Earlier this month. General Motors filed an impressive statement with the senate government operations committee, pleading for a three-year moratorium on further safety and environmental requirements. These requirements, imposed with the very hest intentions, already have added $815 to the cost of a new car. If pending proposals also are adopted, these* costs would roughly double, to about $1,225 per car. largely because of high price tags, automobile sales have slumped and nearly .100,(8)0 auto workers have lost their jobs. Balancing act How do we tie these things together* How do we find right answers? How do we cope* wisely with both the* short run and the long haul? In the making of political decisions, it is no problem to choose* between right and wrong The problem — the most difficult of all problems — is to balance right against right, to choose between what is needed and what is needed in a different way Nothing is gamed, it seems to me, by vituperation, demagoguery, and insult. Out in Kansas City the other day. George McGovern delivered a blistering assault upon the “robber barons’’ and “exploiters” of industry. My friends in industry, for their part, tend to denounce McGovern's people as bleeding hearts, do-gooders, and gauzy dreamers. This gets us nowhere. My brother conservatives, if they would be worthy of the name, cannot let themselves he identified with the short haul only lf our function is not to conserve, what. then, is our function? VAt* are often accused of looking too muc h to history, to what is past. vYe ought to welcome a change that we look also to history vet unwritten, to what will be* Long and short Our little winding country road offers an example of all those bogus improvements that are destructive to no good cmd. The strip mining hill and the moratorium on automobile requirements are examples of the gray area in which men of goodwill must seek fair compromise. Looking to the short haul, we must insure economic survival. Looking to the long haul, we cannot afford to lose the momentum toward clean air. clean water, and the preservation of a livable land. A sensible strip mining bill ought to In* enactcni. we need it for the long haul The* automobile industry must be protected from further obsessive demands by overzealous environmentalists and safety fanatic's The industry desperately needs short-haul relief. And men of goodwill everywhere owe it to generations past, and to generations future, to think harder on the need for conserving this planet. It is. after all, the only planet we have James J. Kilpatrick Inflexibility can lead to doom BOTH Arabs and Israelis have to bend By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON — It is not anti-Semi* tic to report that many Americans and some high officials in the I S government are weakening in their pro-Israel sentiment. Americans and Israelis alike, who want to see I S support for the* integrity of Israel continued, had better heed the trend before it becomes uncontrollable* I write as one who has supinated the rightness and the humaneness of a Jewish homeland and the Israeli state Im* fore it was created by the Lolled Nation-'. Most Americans are convinced. I be lieve, that the survival of Israel behind secure frontiers — as secure as those of (ether nations — is in the lies! interests of the United States and the peace of the world But today it is not se*lf-ev idently the highest American priority. I was revolted by the performance of > assir Arafat at the United Nations and bv the performance of the United Nations in the presence of Arafat, But the* Palestinians have a valid case and it is still to*ing unwifely ignored by the lsra ell* Israeli leaders have always said to the* United State’s “Give* — or sell — us the artus and we ll defend ourselves we n«*ed no more But one or two more wars in the Middle East will Im* disastrous for the Israelis, for Hie Arabs aud for Hie United State's. What I am trying to say to the friends of the United States in Israel and to the friends of Israel rn the United States was Im'sI said by I F Stone in a recem talk at Temple Sinai in Washington, I) (’. Stone is a distinguished journalist and an American Jew who would never think of himself other than as pro-Israel, His words deserve to Im* seriously pondered “We carmot ignore the problems of the Arab refugees and of Palestinian na bona I aspirations, nor blind ourselves to their realities We cannot sa\ that Jews have a right to yearn for Palestine after I MMI years and deny the* Arati* the* right to yearn for their homes after lit year* “The way to end the* terror, the way to heal the breach is first of all to recognize . , that this is a struggle of right against right, that there* is an Arab side and a Jewish side, that we must fine! a way to live together “It would Im* wise* to detach the West Bank now from Israel, to put it under international auspices for two or three years, to let the* Palestinian Arabs there and in the diasjiora clee Hie for them selves what kind of state they want to establish . . “Israel can win another war. maybe two more. maybe three*, but it cannot survive without finding the path to reconciliation Otherwise* it will eventually Im* destroyed, after a flare century of existed v I want to sec* Israel live* So do most Americans Why, them, shouldn’t Israel conte forward with its fairest-minded, most constructive and most |M*rsuasive pnqtosal for negotiation* Then, de*|M*nding upon the* Arab response, the* world can well judge* who is standing rn Hie* way of a peaceful settle*. merit — and act accordingly. lo* *»«*>•« Tim** So'rtno»* ;