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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 16, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather— Light snow ending tonight. Windy. Decreasing cloudiness Tuesday, highs near 30. VOLUME 92 - NUMBER 341 notch CITY FINAL IS CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, DECEMBER 16. 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMESU.S. - FRENCH AGREEMENT Court Rules in Favor of Rail Law WASHINGTON (UPI) - The supreme court Monday removed the legal roadblocks that have been delaying development of a unified rail network in the northeastern U.S. By a 7 to 2 vote, the court reversed a special three-judge federal panel in Philadelphia which last June found unconstitutional part of the Rail Reorganization Act because it violated property rights of creditors and shareholders of the railroads by requiring the railroads’ continued operation at a loss. The United States Railway Assn., created under the 1973 Regional Rail Reorganization Act, may now submit to congress a “final system plan” for Northeast rail service. The plan was to have been submitted by Jan. 2, but because of the court case the association obtained a 120-day extension. Court of Claims By a majority opinion by Justice Brennan, the court agreed with the government parties in the case that the railroads can go to the court of claims if compensation for their properties under the 1973 law is inadequate. The trustee of the New Haven Railroad and other major Penn Central creditors argued that congress did not provide enough funds for loss to the railroads, which would have to continue unprofitable service during the planning period. Brennan said this matter and the eventual transfer of properties to the new Consolidated Rail Corp. (Conrail) in return for Conrail stock can be litigated under the Tucker Act in the court of claims. The act permits suits against the government by private parties for a taking of property. The railroad trustees told the courts that the rail act eliminated any chance to get more money in the court of claims But Brennan said the Tucker Act “assures that the railroad estates and the creditors will eventually be made whole for the assets conveyed ” The dissenters were Justices Douglas and Stewart. Douglas said the common stock of Conrail was “plainly only token payment” and the transfer of the railroads to the new corporation was plainly a “taking” as that term is used in connection with condemnation proceedings. “Congress has lowered all the procedural barriers and foisted on these rail carriers a conveyance of their assets which, if done by private parties in control of a bankrupt estate, would be a fraudulent conveyance," Douglas said Stewart said he agreed with Douglas that the reorganization act did not allow for suite in the court of claims But Stewart disagreed with the other reasons given by Douglas for voting against the majority. “I cannot believe that congress would have enacted this law had it been told that in the end it might have to dig into taxpayers’ pockets not for the $1 billion appropriated but for un- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.) Today's Index Clark Probes Issue Of Investor Identity By Al Swegle ! U.S. Sen. Dick Clark (D-Iowa) directed his staff Sunday to research possible federal legislation to require identification of foreign investors buying farmland in the United States. Clark’s action followed a Gazette report Sunday that foreign investors are taking advantage of lax land laws in Iowa and California to hide ties. In another followup to The Gazette story, state and federal farm program officials revealed that foreign investors apparent-I ly can receive farm subsidy payments, the same as U.S. I farmers. Clark said precedent for iden-Itification of foreign investors ments in the U.S. as owners of farmland. “We’ve never had the question come up, but, yes, I suppose they could apply for it,” Dale Awtry, executive director of the Agricultural Stabilization . . and Conservation Servicejtinique (AP (ASCS), told The Gazette. Howard Waters, ASCS Midwest AskTalksby Consumers, Producers PORT DE FRANCE, Mar- — The presidents of the U.S. and France called jointly Monday, for a confer- ....    .    .    ,|Cnce    of    oil consuming and oil west regions director, pointed ^ natjonf ..atBthe car|i. . out that crop subsidies are cur- r . ^    .. „ „ their identi- rentiv not offered in the form of possible time. - , °Iler,ea 1!? tne. ™ 0 I The call was a compromise to payments tor keeping land art break Frcnch-Amcrican dcad. of production, but aid is being given in the form of disaster and crop failure relief. Both indicated that federal regulations are currently vague in this area, but foreign investors, if they desired, could apply at local ASCS offices to keep their farms participating in the can be found in an Iowa law!farm program, requiring that foreign corpora- The ASCS presently does not [lions be identified before    doing    Kjentify foreign landowners who business in the state    are participating    in the    farm Doesn’t Hurt    program, Waters    and    Awtry “Information doesn't hurt any    sa^ AP Wireo*V)io AFTER THE WALK — Carlos Zender embraced his two sons, Herbert, I I, (left) and Carlos, 8, during their reunion Sunday after the boys' week-long trek through dense Peruvian jungle following a plane crash. (Another photo on picture page.) one very much,” Clark told The Gazette. “I’ve only seen a few instances where it did, and it might be beneficial in the long run to all parties involved.” Clark pointed out that he had insisted that a provision be included in the recently enacted Commodity Exchange law requiring that foreign interests be identified when purchasing contracts on the commodity markets. The officials said they did not know whether the German and Italian landowners cited in The Gazette’s Sunday story have applied for federal farm aid Thief Takes $20,000; Leaves Thank-You Note lock on how best to cope with increased oil prices. Presidents Ford and Valery Giscard d’Esta-ing agreed in summit talks on a series of “interrelated steps” leading to the proposed conference. Reducing Consumption But Saudi Arabian Oil Minister Ahmed Yamani said in an interview published Monday that attempts by consumer countries to force down oil prices by reducing consumption would not work. “I don’t think that attempts to force a lowering of oil prices by cutting down consumption as part of a confrontation strategy can work,” Yamani told the Middle East Economic Survey, a Beirut weekly. A communique issued as the two presidents ended two days of talks on this lush Caribbean [island said these steps “should be taken in sequence:” Consuming nations, working Pilot, Six Children Survive Week of Suffering in Jungle C. R. Man, Two Others Accused In Film Theft IOWA CITY - A thief entered ,    ,    ..    into the holiday spirit here Sat-1 “within the framework of exist- e don care how they do it urc|ay when he left a thank-you ing institutions,” should develop pi V TST* futures)* message after making off with programs for energy conserva-Uark explained, “as long as,$20 000 from a department store.tion, for developing existing and they provide information on how)    aroarom    .'alternative sources of energy much they purchase. The same    rr;    ° .    aPP*1™11    .    . fmancjai solidarity r an anniv ia f^ianore in hld ,n Killians department I dn« lor tmanciai soitaaruy • tan apply to foreigners Who in- ’    J”    Representatives    of    the    confest in land, another commodi-|,“IL ™ —    and producer nations LA MERCED. Peru '(UPI) ty" Staff members questioned! whether the federal government has jurisdiction in land trans- hold a meeting next “to develop an agenda Oscar Zender Samiento, the 24-.    She    said the survivors    sal- Beset by bruises, cuts, hunger,    year-oid pilot, led the surviving    vaged    a flask of wine and    two    St. Louis men were    arrested!this information    has traditionally cold, leeches    andI    mosquitoes,    |studer>tSt ranging in age from six    canteens of water from    the    Monday morning and    charged been the concern    of    local    gov- haclsed^Uieir    way    through Rie    to 16’ throuSh the JunS,e to a    Plane    “We ale hearts of Pa,m    !n.connection    ,heft of crnments- ”    ‘    ’    ■    came    across day and then rifled a service sumer desk at the rear of the store, should tlTS'lfa cLh'tnd    anOrocedures    for    a consumer- $11,000 in cash and $9,000 ui!prod££ conference ' The preparatory discussions thick underbush.    river and then down the water and occasionally It took seven days of suffering by raft to safety Saturday. edible fruits.” she said, for the plane    crash    survivors to    The surviving children    were “We    lost our    shoe reach    safety    ending    a    week-    Kasil<ja yonder, 6; Cados    Pan-of our    clothes in    the    crasn.    sne    dav morning    arrested    Ed    Wedel ^ a**'-»:Herbert    ,jan- “I?-    dJ*«    aHndsi<:<"-32 °f    ,s63    Twen'y-fourth ^    duro Zender, ll; Juan Zender,!**^ ^eet w®re    by weeds-street    NW, 12; Herta Zender. ll, and thorns and sharp leaves.    was    transferred    to    the $100,000 worth of old-time movies from a Davenport man. Iowa Bureau of Criminal In-s and most vestigation agents early Mon-!*?31 V*?1 Crash, she #|av mnrninn arr$»$:tpH F.H    ^    * Intended Use durance in the Amazon Ie. Jungle Crash    ,    Glady*    Zender    Samiento,    16 The drama began Dec. 7 when, The students, children of Ger- A Cedar Rapids man and two|actions since the recordi of;checks they said ™ “stem ° ta"“!“•*" *    ■*    in,CTSiVe nn system as he left the consujtatj0ns ’* to prepare a unlit    ,    ,    .    ,    Tied position for the later meet- , Upon arrival, police found a    ovn*rt,na    noun. note scrawled on a wall which ll!?-® W* however.;^: "Thanks for the monetary:    communjque a)so incUld. cd an agreement by France to pay the U.S. $100 million dollars __i    to compensate for the late _    French President De Gaulle's Boston Balks Clark pointed out. ________, that the federal government has Christmas present. to regulate foreign in-1 Investigation into the theft is tercourse and has done so in the continuing. in Ccda'r"Rapids“liel“rcfs of ,rade and !ravel ln ,ho Cedar pasl Passing Boatman They slashed their jungles of eastern Peru.    related    to Zender One of the students, Juan Win-gaert, 6, was killed in the crash.    ‘Wouldn t Gi\e Up A second. Antonio Simon, 14. “We would never have made [died three hours later. And a It without him,” said Herta third, Ratty Fender, ll, died Zender during the trip through the un- “He wouldn dergrowth.    iwouldn’t let us give    up Falls city jail.    wou,d    **    concerned    about    A±    la d . At 4:30 a m in Cedar Falls,IforeiSn buyers, not because they At More DUSinq way BGI agents and Cedar Fallsare foreign, but because of what farms in the remote foothills of    r    ,    , police arrested Dennis Leone. J^y are going to do with this fen" *, 'S^taSfr J*    ^ boatman He took them down-!0    ,s' single-engine plane carrying man immigrant families with through Uie u^erbVush? reached BCI agents students home for the Christ mas holidays crashed into the|the Andes mountains, were all then hailed a BOSTON (AP) — The Boston act of ordering U S. forces out of France. The communique did not set a date for a conference between stream on a raft to the village    B°nd    ^ of Iscocasin.    The    three    were After notifying their families, I Monday morning —w, .    .    ...    .    . lf . .the oil exporters, mostly in the "I can't be- f1,001 ucon,mmeo volt'd Monday Midd|e East and ,helr custom-wlhhold a new school in- ,he u s Japan and France plan that was pre-) pared in response to a federal! lieve foreign investors are in here just to buy small farms. ”    !    tegratHHi arraianed    “I* ldcn-|cuurt order, arraignea J ideation law should include in-1 n in (edar lormation regarding the purpose    i    1    J IO . ll, a cousin of the pilot. 001,1'0"1'0'5 flew the youngsters $alls. Bond on Leone and We- ()f lhe ,and investment. -ouldn'r give up and he!10 u Morcod- 150 mi 08 0051 o( dols.t^t was fl at *101)'000' and Clark said he would < ■i IPI oive un "    Lima and the site of the only bond for Centry was placed at lh„ ,,ma Mardian Ties Mitchell To Watergate Budget They said his sister, Gladys, was also badly depressed but the rest of the children were in high spirits about their adven-WASHINGTON (AP)—’ Mardian said Magruder told ture. Former Assistant Attorney Gen! him he had authorized $40,000. Authorities said Samiento s “It sounded like an awful lot hospital in the region.    $150,000. Doctors said the pilot was suf- ^ three were fering from cracked ribs, bad,c<)nsP*racy and receiving and cuts and severe depression, concealing stolen property. In (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) and other countries of Western Europe. Timetable But it appeared there would be a push to hold the meeting late next taring or early summer—a timetable suggested by minutes after the noon deadline that U.S. District Judge W. Ar-encour*|thur Garrity had set for filing a age the Iowa congressional dele- plan. charged with ®ati?n 10 ,meet wilh legislative | The committee could be held qualified sources as the two creivinp unit traders to look into the matter, in contempt of court for refits-:pros 11    1 “lf it turns out that this is not ing to comply with the judge's (Continued: Page ll, Col 7.) a federal problem, then we order.    ^    ★ would be willing to work with The new plan, prepared by the Iowa legislature to develop school officials, would have    OI eral Robert Mardian told the fast action in dumping out the Watergate cover ud trial Mon- money' sa‘d Mardian, who pj^c’g gasoline probably i Watergate c er up trial .Ion    Mitchell,    the    former    savC(i *$,e survivors from a fiery day that John Mitchell once ac- attorney general who then wusi^a#! knowledged to him that he had head of Richard Nixon’s re-elec- _ approved a $250,000 payment tion committee, also expressed that testimony has indicated amazement. was designed to finance plane “But you approved a budget for Watergate.    of $250,000.” Mardian quoted Testifying in his own defense i Magruder as saying to Mil- Mardian never said whether chell Toflffi;** Chuckle Don’t worry if your child gets excited over nothing. He may grow up to act in TV commercials. a state law that would be a I meant the busing of 35,000 model for the uTwle country,” school children next September,    EYOPCteCl Clark said.    About 18.000 of the city’s 87.000 Subsidy Payment! pupilsarenow bimg bused To Hit Midwest Schools have been disrupted lirin„MrTAv    pami Two farm program officials by boycotts and sporadic vio- WASmM*rt)N ) ram-Coovright told Tbe Gazette that foreigners lence since the current program can receive farm subsidy pay-went into effect Sept. 12. 10 Bullets from 8-Shot Pistol? Comics —...... ..... 17 Courthouse ....... 3 Crossword ...... 17 Daily Record ....... ....... 3 Deaths ............. ....... 3 Editorial Features . 6 Farm 12 Financial ........... IN Marion ........ 7 Movies .............. IO Society .............. ......8-9 Sports 13-16 Kittle Television ........... _____ ll Want Ads ...... 1923 Mitchell indicated what the money was for. The trial already has heard testimony that the $250,000 budget was for the political intelligence plan that led to the Watergate breakin. Mardian said the budget was mentioned during a meeting on June 24, 1972, one week after the breakin, during which he said he was interrogating Jeb Stuart Magruder “as to the story he had been telling me about Wa tergate and how it had occurred.” Mardian said he asked Magruder how much money he had authorized to be given to G. Gordon Giddy, who later was one of fceven men convicted on burglary, wiretapping and conspiracy charges. “Yes, but the campaign hasn’t even started yet,” Mardian said Mitchell replied. Mitchell has denied he ever approved any such budget. Mardian Monday described how he learned details of the breakin which he called “the most shocking disclosure that’s ever been made to hie as a lawyer kind as a person.” He told how on June 21, 1972. | Giddy, after being assured that Mardian was acting as his attorney and would never disclose [what he was being told, said [that “the plan was to go into the Democratic national committee I headquarters to repair an electronic device ‘hey had previously installed to monitor calls in j the office of DNC Chairman Larry O’Brien.” Lowenstein Tells Doubt on Sirhan NEW YORK (AR) Former Rep. Allard Lowenstein (D-N. Y.) says that after a personal year-long study, “I don’t believe the evidence sustains the theory that Sirhan Sirhan is the murderer of Robert Kennedy.” Sirhan is serving a life sentence in California for the assassination of Sen. Kennedy on June 5, 1968, in a l>os Angeles hotel following Kennedy’s victory in the California presidential primary. Lowenstein, a former Democ r a t i c congressman from New York, revealed his doubts about the shooting at a news conference Sunday, accompanied by Paul Schrade, a former United Auto Workers official who was wounded at the time of the assassination. Schrade said lowenstein had convinced him that there were many unanswered questions in the ease. lowenstein said he made his investigation because of the “recalcitrance of the authorities” to make all the technical evidence public and because in the wake of Watergate “the country now understands what it didn’t before — that things that ‘never could have occurred’ have occurred.” Ile said, however, that he was not proposing that Sirhan, a Jordanian immigrant who expressed anger over Ken- in re- nedy’s pro-Israel position, was part of a larger conspiracy. He said he had no ideas so far about the identity of the wielder of the “true gun” the killing. Lowenstein called for a opening of the case on the basis of doubts on three questions, having to do with the bullets and the autopsy: Why seven bullets were recovered from Kennedy’s body and others wounded at the time, and three from the ceiling, yet Sirhan’s gun could hold only eight bullets? “How can the apparent ballistic difference in the bullets found in Sen. Kennedy’s neck and William Weiser* stomach be reconciled with the notion that all bullets were fired from the same gun’”’ Weisel, a television producer, was one of those wounded. How to reconcile the fact that the medical examiner said Kennedy was shot from a distance of one to six inches and the witnesses said Sirhan was from 2 to IO feet from the senator when he fired? Lowenstein and Schrade urged that the Sirhan gun be refired for further ballistic comparisons by independent experts. Schrade said such a probe* is necessary because it “has to do with the future, the life of Teddy Kennedy.” He referred to Sen. Edward Kennedy <l> Mass.) WASHINGTON (AP) lies in the upper Midwest could find themselves with a severe .shortage of home heating oil las the result of Canada’s plan I to end oil exports. Within the same period, motorists in the area might find themselves in long lines at gasoline stations, reminiscent of the gasoline shortage of 1973 Elsewhere in tha country, {home heating oil might cost 2 to 4 cents per gallon more and gasoline prices might be higher tis crude oil is shifted to ease the upper Midwest’s shortages. These are some of the possible consequences of the Canadian government’s proposal to halt oil exports to the U S. after 1982, according to Bill Home of the house Republican conference. Home is directing a study of alternatives in response to the Canadian decision. The Canadian oil is vital to the upper Midwest, particularly Minnesota. Wisconsin, Illinois and Michigan. To a lesser degree. Iowa, North and South Da-kola and Indiana would feel the effects of a cut off. ;