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View Sample Pages : Cedar Rapids Gazette, August 31, 1974

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 31, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Continued cool with chance of showers through Sunday. Low tonight about 50. High Sunday in upper 80s. I VOLUME 02 233 CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CKIMK UAI'IUS, IOWA, SAT I KlJAY, AUGUST 31, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UHI, NEW YORK TIMES Raw Farm Prices Up 3 Percent WASHINGTON (AP) Prices of raw farm products rose 3 per- cent from July 15 to Arg. 15 but were still 13 percent below ihe all-time record level sot a year ago, the agriculture department said Friday. The department's Crop Re- porting Board said higher prices for corn, soybeans, cattle, hogs, wheat and eggs accounted for most of the increase. Lower prices for potatoes, let- luce, calves and apples helped soften the monthly rise in the index, officials said. Expect More Administration officials have warned that consumer food prices will be going up the re- mainder of this year more than expected. A week ago the USDA said re- tail food prices for all of this year will be up about 15 per- cent, on the average, from 1973. A few months ago a 12 percent rise had been predicted. The July-August increase in the farm price index will be reflected again when the Bureau of Labor Statistics issues its wholesale price re- port on Sept. 12. Weather has been the main cause of this year's unforeseen and erratic farm price pattern. Too much rain last spring de- layed corn and soybean plant- ings. Drouth this summer has reduced yields. Thus, grain harvests will be down sharply from indications last spring. At that time, for ex- ample, the USDA projected the corn harvest at 6.7 billion bush- els. Currently, based on Aug. 1 surveys, it is estimated at 4.97 billion bushels, down 12 percent from last year's record. 1967 Base The Aug. 15 index for all com- modity prices averaged 181 percent of its 1967 base. A year earlier, after the Nixon adminis- tration lifted most price con- trols, the index soared 20 per- cent from July 15 to a record 208 percent of the 1967 base. Since then, however, farm prices have gone up and down erratically. Before increasing six percent from June 15 to July 15, the index had dropped four months in succession. The drouth-reduced corn crop has created shock waves which may be felt for years. As the key grain for produc- tion of meat, poultry and dairy products, corn in shorter supply means those items will cost more next year as farmers change or reduce production to help offset ris- ing feed costs. As the world's leading suppli- ers of feed grain for export, the U. S. also is being watched with apprehension by other countries for signs of export controls to conserve grain for American consumers. But President Ford is opposed to such restraints, according to Agriculture Secretary Butz who says there will be enough grain to get by another year. Butz recently announced there will be no acreage curbs on 1975 plantings of wheat, feed grains and cotton, an open-end policy j which prevailed this year. Take Less The European Common Mar- Deserter Returned to Canadian Soil by U. S. fa-Mfor PEACE ARCH INTERNA- learned while being held at Fort Vl III Slav Annals TIONAL PARK (AP) Ronald Lewis Ithat members-of his is back on his adopted j union local had collected money Canadian soil and the American to help gain his release, army deserter vows never to re- turn to the U. S. "until I'm sure! there's amnesty." 'It's a great thing to know 1968 Trial An army report to the state department said he had been 10 that a nation of 20 million withollt leavc for pie is behind he said ne was captured crossing the border into the land and in October, he now calls home into the arms of his wife, Marion. He was released late Friday! after spending a week in the stockade at Fort Lewis, Wash., awaiting court-martial on Photo on Picture Page barges of being absent without official leave. His freedom came after a formal protest and i request for his return by the Canadian government. Anderson was arrested last 1968. He escaped from the Fort I Lewis stockade again that No- vember and fled to Canada. He said he had crossed back into the U. S. several times to visit Teleohoto AMNESTY HUDDLE President Ford meets with Defense Secretary Schlesinger, left, and At- torney General Saxbe on the question of amnesty for draft dodgers and deserters. Ask 18 Months in Public WASHINGTON (AP) Secre- tary of Defense Schlesinger and Attorney General Saxbe pro- posed Saturday that Vietnam war draft evaders and deserters spend tip to 18 months in public service jobs as a condition for return to U. S. society. They also recommended ic. President Ford that such people make a formal "'reaffirmation of allegiance to the United States." They presented a six-page joint memorandum to Ford, who took it under study. Schlesinger and Saxbe timated there are some deserters and draft, dodgers po- tentially eligible, about. of them living in Canada. Polls Cited They noted that recent public opinion polls "indicate that a substantial majority of Ameri- cans favor some form of am- nesty" arid that most of these support conditional rather than blanket amnesty. Schlesinger and Saxbe sug- gested that the public service terms could be reduced in spe- cific cases because of individual circumstances. They suggested that the type of service be in line with that used in the conscientious objec- tor program, concerned with the "national health, safety or inter- st." "It should include jobs or ser- vice in hospitals, schools, ecol- charitable they said. An After Completion evader who successfully completed such alternate ser- vice would receive a certificate and draft evasion charges would then be dropped by the justice department. A returning deserter would re- ceive an undesirable discharge and after his alternate service that discharge would be marked "with an appropriate legend to indicate fulfillment of his com- mitment." But apparently the undesira- ble discharge would not be up- graded. Neither deserter nor draft dodger would be eligible for vet- erans' benefits. "Short Period" "The President will not let a lot of grass before mak- ing up his mind on the amnesty issue, said Press Secretary J. F. tcrHorst. Although terHorst said it will be "rather a short period" before a decision is reached, no announcement is expected over the holiday week- end. The President'a amnesty deci- sion will also draw on opinions of selective service and "a broad spectrum of interest groups" across the nation, ter- Horst said. Ford scheduled an afternoon golf date at Burning Tree, then a helicopter trip to Camp David, ogy and other community orjHe will interrupt his holiday ket has indicated take (Continued: Page 2, Col. 4.) Today's Index Comics .....................5 Church 3 Crossword 5 Bally Record 2 Deaths ......................2 Editorial Features ..........4 Financial 9 Marion (i Movies 8 Sports 7 Television (i Want Ads ...............10-13 Accountant Reports Nixon Should Live Comfortably LOS ANGELES (AP) -ithinkable financially for Nixon Former President Richardito maintain both homes. Nixon should be able to live a financially comfortable life by rearranging his assets, includ- ing disposing of either his Key "I categorically deny any sug- gestion that the President is he added. The Los Angeles Times in an Biscayne, Fla., San Cle-'i n t e r v i c w published Friday mcnte, Calif., home, his tax Dean Butler, a Los An- countant says. jgeles attorney who handles Nix- "It is a cash flow problem Ion's personal financial affairs, which is correctable through rearrangement of the various assets Mr. Nixon Arthur Blcch said in an interview Fri-jlhat "his financial picture is nn- as saying "I won't say it's too much of an exaggeration" to as- sert that Nixon is broke and day. "His is a problem normally encountered by persons whose .situation in life lias channel. I consider it a problem of rearranging his assets, possibly lisposinu of some of Ihrm." Blcrh said it would be un- certain and unclear.' "I consider it will not be dif- ficult for Mr. Nixon to rear- range bis affairs in such a way as to he able to live a normal life within his means and com- mcns-uralc with bis Hindi said. Monday to return to the White House to sign lancunark pension legislation, appropriately o n Labor day. Ford said through a spokes- man Friday that he does not favor an added 10-cents-per- gallon tax on gasoline because that would be "exorbitant, un- wise, and unnecessary." He traveled to Columbus on Friday to address the Ohio State university graduating class. While he was away, a seven- member delegation of Clergy and Laity Concerned turned over to Special Presidential As- sistant Theodore Marrs petitions bearing signatures sup- porting "universal and uncondi- tional amnesty" for all Ameri- cans who resisted Vietnam mili- tary duty. Marrs reminded the interfaith organization in a friendly ex- change outside the White House gates that Ford wants leniency for draft resisters but empha- sized the middle-ground presi- dential policy of "no amnesty, no revenge." Big German Loanfolfaly BELLAGIO, Italy (AP) West Germany and Italy reached a credit agreement Sat- urday enabling Italy to borrow up to billion to aid its stag- gering economy. The agreement was an- nounced at a press conference by West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and Italian Premier Mariano Rumor after two days of talks. 1 Founded in 1960s The organization was founded in the 1960s to express what it called moral opposition to U.S. involvement in the Indo-China conflict. The visit to Camp David is Ford's first since he became President. He visited it as house minority leader but never spent the night. While Richard Nixon barred newsmen from Camp David, Ford is instituting a more open policy. Facilities are being re- Saturday by U. S. border guards at this heavily-traveled crossing n an incident American of- 'icials later admitted occurred 'a few yards over the Canadian jorder." Request Granted After that admission Thurs- day, Canada asked his return. On Friday, the U. S. state de- partment said it had granted the request, Anderson, 31. said he learned about 2 p.m. he would be re- leased. Less than five hours later he was free in Canada, where he has landed-immigrant status. He plans to apply for Ca- nadian citizenship in another month. "I'll never go back until I know it's he said. "Even though the attitude in the U. S. might be softening, you know the military is going to continue to enforce the law the way it sees it." Asked if an amnesty declara- tion would bring many deserters or draft evaders back, he said, his mother, Betty Peterson of Poulsbo, Wash. Last Saturday, however, cus- toms officials checked his Cana- dian license plate through the U. S. national crime information computer system. I was detained at the he said. 'They opened ihe trunk. They told me to come into the building. Runs for Arch "They asked identification. I produced my B. C. driver's li- (Conlinued: Page 2, Col. 1.) "I don't think think would be used mainly for visits. I wouldn't go back to live. Any- way, President Ford will proba- bly declare unconditional am- nesty for everyone except Ron- ald Anderson." Consul Escort Anderson was driven the 150 miles from Fort Lewis to the U. S.-Canadian border by Ray An- derson, Canadian consul-general in Seattle who called the arrest an "inappropriate apprehen- sion" and a violation of Canadi- an sovereignty. "What happened was that a number of people felt they had found someone and were going to apprehend the consul said. established so newsmen can ob- He said he was sure U. S. serve his arrival and departure guards hadn't intended to vio- and he has agreed to admit pho- late Canadian territory. tographers for a picture session Ronald Anderson, a carpenter Condition of Navy Rapped By Rickover SEATTLE (UPI) Admiral Hyman Rickover said Friday that a new breed of Pentagon admirals was responsible in part for technical incompetence and growing bureaucracy in the navy. "In my opinion, there has been no period in the past 50 years where the fleet has been in as poor condition as it is Rickover, chief develop- er of the nuclear submarine, said in a speech. He placed the blame on the leadership. He said an oversized "new bu- reaucracy" of Pentagon admi- rals twice as as were at the camp Sunday. I in Mission, B. C., said he had on the fleet admiral's staff in World war II "get involved in technical matters for which they have no qualifications." "Members of the inner circle ZAGREB, Yugouavia (AP) An express train flipped over at the entrance to the Zagreb rail- road station after passing a red signal light Friday night and an estimated 150 passengers were killed, officials reported Satur- day. The engineer, his assistant and the switchman were ar- rested on suspicion they caused the accident by neglect. An investigating commission said the train was traveling be- tween 49.7 and 55.9 miles an hour. Too Fast It said the first signal was out of order but the main signal was working and showed red..It said the engineer entered the switch- es at too high a speed. More than 150 people were said to have been injured. Officials said identification would be difficult on many vic- tims because they were badly disfigured. Cranes were put to work to lift chunks of debris. Rescue workers cut through the steel and wood to get to buried vic- tims. It was the worst rail disaster in Yugoslavia's history. Like a Torpedo The locomotive disengaged from the lead car and continued into the station like a torpedo, a witness said. The train originally was re- ported to be the Ataens-to-Dolit- mund, West Germany, Hellas Express. But a railway spokes- man said in Belgrade, 300 miles southeast of Zagreb, that it was a special express from Belgrade to Dortmund. The spokesman said the Hellas Express left Belgrade 15 minutes after the spesial and continued safely to Germany after being diverted around the Most of the passengers-on the special train were Yugoslav workers going to their jobs in West Germany after vacations at home. It was not known if of the naval aristocracy haveiAmerieans were aboavd. often been rewarded by receiv-1, The worst raU Bas- ing choice assignments no mat- ter what their experience or lack of Rickover said. "The navy is raising a gener- ation of officers who believe technical training is not essen- tial and they can rely on man- gement techniques to make cisions." The naval academy at An- napolis, Rickover said, has been teaching too little about engines and too much about social sciences, producing "men more fitted for civilian life if even for that than for a career in the navv." ter occurred