Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 23, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Clear tonight with lews in mid 50s. Partly cloudy Saturday with highs around 80.
VOLUME 92-NUMBER 226
CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 23, 1074
ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES
Tax Bill Is Advancing, Mills Says
WASHINGTON (AP) - Chairman Mills (D-Ark.) of the tax-writing house ways and means committee is trying to spread some cheer along a gloomy Wall Street with a reminder that tax revision may be on the way.
After the stock market closed Thursday at its lowest since July 14, 1970, Mills’ otfice released a statement that noted the sag.
It said the tax revision bill to “be given final consideration by the committee beginning Sept. ll will include a number of provisions in the area of capital gains and losses which should be of material benefits to taxpayers and investors across the nation.”
Among these provisions will be a reduction in the capital gains tax for assets held more than five years so no more than 30 percent of the gain on sale of the assets would be subject to tax.
The bill also would give all homeowners the relief now afforded taxpayers over 65 on sale of a personal residence. If enacted, the amendment would allow any gain on the sale price of a residence up to $35,000 to escape taxation. On amounts above that, a pro rata reduction would be provided.
Mills also said the bill would increase the investment tax credit >— from 4 percent to 7 percent — for property used
U.S. Studying Soviet Proposal on Cyprus
By Associated Press and foods stocks were almost
Secretary of State Kissinger ex^austed in two areas, says the U. S. government is: U. N. Secretary. G e n e r a I studying the Soviet proposal for Waldheim was flying to Cyprus an 18-nation conference to chart during the weekend to confer the future of Cyprus. with President Giafcos derides,
But Western diplomats at the tbe ^ader ^le *,reek Cy* U. N. dismissed the Russian, ?rl0!s.’ and _ Vice-president Jtauf
Eases Up On Korean Dissenters
SEOUL (AP) — South Korean President Chung Hee Park Friday canceled two decrees that made political dissent punishable by death.
government. He and Denktash °PPonents “» to
. - . , ... I were also expected to meet dun- declaLeJinJam.n?s\Y ** th?*
A Soviet government state- mg the weekend to discuss such convi<*!<i <* Riding the demon! on I hursday said attempts humanjtarian issues ^ the cx.| crees and to abandon two other
* change of pruners and the | e^fney edicts plight of the refugees.
move as a propaganda maneuver.
“It doeeyn’t seem to be any-thing that will get off the S r,day to confer* with the Greek
ground,” one said.
Denktash, the head of the Turkish Cypriot minority, derides was flying to Athens
Cyprus crisis have failed. It J cited the “special responsibilities” for the maintenance of I peace by the permanent, members of the Security Council f— including the Soviet Union | and said the time was right for a conference made up of the 15 council members plus Greece, Turkey and Cyprus.
“We’ll study it” Kissinger white House will permit former abandonment of two other detold newsmen who asked top aides to President Nixon to CTees that Park issued between
examine their White House January and April of this year.
VA NOMINEE — President Ford's choice for administrator of veterans affairs, Richard Roude-bush, right, is shown with Robert Eaton, American Legion commander, before addressing the Legion convention in Miami Beach.
Pension Bill Awaits Ford Signature
WASHINGTON (AP) r— A bill out conceded they would like tof Vesting an employe’s guaran-'would be achieved in 30 years,
giving much stronger protection see further progress. teed right to a pension after a or 40 years in a few cases.
to people covered by private Some critics have said the specified period of service —I Portability — A voluntary pension plans has been sent to measure is inadequate because T. percent - tor property used p r e s i d e n t Ford, climaxing jt would not require companies company would have to jportability plan would be set up
mainly for supplying electricity years of work by congress. to set up pension plans or raise addp‘ 211^ ,1 “ Jndcr whlch an cmploye cha"s'
's»iUevel of payments, gj * J- eouid have his vested
Half Covered after being on the payroll no
longer than 15 years.
Funding — Employers would
File Access Is Granted Nixon Aides
Politicians from all parties generally praised Park’s action, which he said was possible because last week’s assassination attempt against him had unified the country and convinced South Koreans of the threat of Communist subversion.
But the New Democrats, the I chief opposition party, called for
about U. S. reaction to the proposal. But a U. S. diplomat at U. N. headquarters said his government was strongly supporting British efforts to get Greece, Turkey and the Greek and Turkish Cypriots back to the peace conference table in Geneva.
I files, a spokesman said Friday.
Access to the papers by such I former aides as John Ehrlich-|man and H. R. Haldeman had I been cut off in the waning days I of the Nixon administration.
A White House spokesman
said the access “has been This initiative ought to be agreed to by the former Pres*
years of work by congress or gas to local distribution sys-j Thursday passed the present level of payments
terns. That would put it at the compromise version 85-0 level already available for other, The housc had clearcd it Tucs. industries. dav 407.3 About half the U. S. work
He said he expects his com- Fflrd has indicate<i he wU|! twee now is covered by plans.
sign the bill when a ceremony be
Nixon aides for a time had been permitted to examine their papers under the watchful eye
given a chance to come to frui tion,” he said.
The cease-fire in Cyprus continued to hold. But a U. N, spokesman said the Turkish 0f secret service agents but had army refused to allow U. NJ not been permitted to copy or troops in F amagusta to deliver reproduce them. food, water and medicine to the „We are jn the thousands of Greek Cypriot ref- reinstating (he rev,ous |icv ogees around the captured port „„ aws* document.v. ^
y* I spokesman said.
Later Friday, a U.N .spoken ^ f ajd man in Nicosia said the(Turks t0 ,hp ma,eria)s . OTnnection had agreed to allow the U.N. to L,th ,h(1|r defens€ in the Watcr.
mittee “to resume work prompt-,
ly on the final draft of tax leg-, can tetotum" Sept. 11 and swiftly fssiona| s
send a bill to the house, where . ... ,
“I believe it will be passed ^ seeks to guarantee
promptly ... in time for the
The average payment is ap-arranged for the con- proximately $141 a month.
Major provisions of the bill:
theobservation posts ,e (rial.
in the Famagusta district. H
One U. N. officer said the ref
credits transferred to his new employei. Alternatively,
credits could be transferred to al”n ~ J... . I The new policy came after
have to out sufficient amounts new g°wrr^ent corporation U iN ?1Ilcer sa‘a ine r|‘t'review by the White House into pension funds in the future "hich w0.uld. separate]8^ Elluatlon *“ ^^^'lcounsel, Philip Buchen.
to meet pension liabilities in. - accounts for individual workers.
curred each year. To make up . Plan ■"'’“ranee -
'A new government corporation
for any deficits for past service.;
that the 35 million to 40 million would have to be admitted to a employers would have to make|V'0U*d >set UP Pay benefit
senate' to act' favorably^ wilt "ow (overed by the plans pension plan, if the “mpany anmlal payments so full funding' (Continued: Page S, Col. 3.)
hs.fnrp 'tHiruirnmpnt ” Set the retirement benefits they aas one, at age zo ann atter om -— - - —
before ad journment. had exoected year of service.
The bill also contains a new; expected. |___
minimum tax proposal to take New Incentives #
away from the wealthy an es- Congressional studies had RgDOP'I' Ol timated $400 million more each j shown that most plans worked1 ■
year* . ! satisfactorily but thousands of
In place of various miscella-!pers0ns never received pro-neous but popular deductions. benefits,
such as the one for state gaso- measure also provides
line taxes, the average itemiz-new ^ax incentives to self-
Decontrol Is Studied
Plane Crashes into Home, Killing Four
See Food Prices Rising 4 to 5%
CATASAUQUA, Pa. (AP light plane crashed into a homo Darrel I
WASHINGTON (UPI) ^ sumers will see retail prices in the second half of 1974 rising 4 to 5 percent instead of declining as predicted before the drouth decreased harvest prospects, the agriculture de-A Bethlehem and the passenger as [payment said Friday.
He was named to that job last week shortly after his predecessor, J. Fred Buzhardt, had joined in issuing an opinion that White House tape recordings and papers belonged to former Con- President Nixon. food; -1— .............
Hometown Paper Cuts Nixon Name
The smaller Democratic Unification party urged amnesty for the 171 people convicted under the canceled decrees and release from custody of those awaiting trial.
Presidential Spokesman Kim Seong-jin said repeal of the decrees will not affect cases that are still pending.
The repealed decrees were No. I, issued Jan. 8, and No. 4, issued April 3. The January decree banned acts “to deny, oppose, misrepresent or defame” Park’s rule and made violations punishable by five years in prison. Decree No. 4 raised the allowable penalty to death.
The first decree followed 14 weeks of steadily-growing demonstrations by students, Christian church leaders, intellectuals and opposition politicians urging restoration of democracy to Korea. Park said the demonstrations were fomented by Communist subversives.
14 Death Sentences
Analysts added that retail
YORBA LINDA, Calif. — The newspaper President Nixon’s
Of the 171 convicted, 14 were sentenced to death and the others to prison terms ranging from three years to life. Five of the death sentences were commuted to life imprisonment and the other nine have not been carried out.
Among those convicted were a in former former president, Yun Po-sun; hometown Roman Catholic Bishop Daniel
in this padpm ppnnwivanh a<kfr®ss was not immediately food onces for all 1974 are ex- ^ to compromise and Tji; a poet, Kim Chi-ha; and
in this eastern I ennsylvama ,------- IP" use the slogan “Birthplace of Paik Ki-wan, a nationally-known
r said the plwff bSeTmStffof' 3.™ President’” dropping! political scientist.
Nixon s name. of the two decrees Park left
ing taxpayer would find a so-employed people to improve: WASHINGTON (AP) - Thn ‘J known.
called simplification deduction own pension programs and Washington Post reported Fri- 'community early Friday, killingi ghaefe.
letting him claim up to $650. for employes to pet up individu- Jay the administration isjf°ur persons and injuring three,jaboUt 3:15 a,m. about torrent forecast earlier
Standard Deduction a1 programs when their compa- studying whether to decontrol <>nc seriously. four miles from tho Queen City - increase would be slichtlvL ,,>ubllsher ™ ^eIl.v sai(J hoJn €ffect- one thc 8°vern“
.. nies do not have a plan. Pnces on about 7& percent of J State police said four bodies t airport> from which it had taken iacrease ™ Mignuy had received hundreds of com-; ment extraordinary powers over
Average taxpayers also would 0f ^ legislation domestically-produced crude oil. ;were found in the wreckage of 0ff above last years 14.5 percent plaints after announcing that he j the economy and the other or-
find a boost in the maximum said it Wfls a major step inl Quoting what it called reliable (the house. ; Tho Himmlers and their nse and w°u ^ the bl^est was removing the previous slo- dered trial by court-martial for
(Continued: Page 8, Col. 2.) improving the pension system government sources, the news- Police paid they believed the daughter, Christine, 12. were one*>car JU171P ln 28 years gan “The Birthplace of Pres- persons charged with violating
paper said the effect would bel victims to be two brothers who taken to a hospital. Himmler: Another agriculture depart ident Nixon,” from his Yorba the decrees.
A Al • J. Af t0 P6™1*! tho Pri(,(‘ of so-called lived iii the home, the pilot and ind christine were released ment reP°rt showed the rost of Ianda Star. ---
Armv Admits ^ro UUU “old” crude oil to float from the a passenger. The parents of the afler iM.mg treated for cuts,-* typical market basket of “A lot of the comments were r J UQ£.ic w;iU / I current ceiling of $5.25 a barrel b°ys a°d their daughter were t)urns and smoke inhalation. ^arm-produced foods dipped 0.3 pretty objective, and brought up IVieeTb WI n
to whatever level the market injured. They went to the home of a rel- Perc€nt in July because food re a g(XXj point,” Kelly said
would bear, probably about $10 Police said the plane, possibly ative. tailers and processors — offset- Thursday. “They felt that
or $11. bound for the Al lento wn-Easton-: A hospital spokesman said|bn8 an increas« 'n 00x1 were putting down the commu-j WASHINGTON (UPI) — In
“Old” crude oil refers to that Bethlehem airport in light rain, Mrs. Himmler was in serious rav? ^arm products — narrowed ndy as wen as Nixon. the spirit of renewed diplomatic
1 portion of currently-produced oil (Crashed into the rear of the <x>ndition with burns over 40 tbe‘r margtns 3 percent below “We thought about that quite a relations with Syria, President
said an -"1ir ^ r '* - --
In Wrong Assignment
WASHINGTON (AP) — The)suits in poor performance from army acknowledges that about j the soldier,” said an internal
bv enlisted men.
46.000 soldiers are serving in wrong assignments at a time when U. S. armed strength is restricted to its smallest total in 24 years.
In effect, these men have been put into jobs for
they have not been specially j enlist ment, it said, trained and their own skills could go to waste.
“This situation may breed poor job satisfaction which re
army publication read largely:production levels.
that is equal to or below 1972 home of Mr. and Mrs. William [lereent of her body
The Post said advocates of the
Himmler, setting it on fire,
Frank Shaefer, tower super-the
The boy's were identified as Michael and W'illiam Himmler.
Soldiers caught in this bind!decontrol conceded it would visor at the airport, identified Authorities said their approxi-
have a short-term inflationary the pilot as Amos Rothchild of mate ages were 6 and IO.
could lose out in promotions,
skill pav, selection for schooling:effect but said it would reduce which and even qualification for re- demand in the long run. Reduc
tio record June level. and agreed that we didn’t Ford Friday welcomed the
The July decline, however, want to do anything like that. So country’s foreign minister to the may be the last consumers will we decided on the slogan as sort White House to discuss the pros-see for some time, the food situ- of a middle-of-the-road ap- pects for peace rn Hie Middle
ation summary indicated.
Roughly 9 Percent
Asked about the extent
mg demand for goods is one method of fighting inflation. Officials said Thursday that of the administration is consider-!
Link First Americans to Siberia
such mismatched assignments.: ing a 10-cents-per-gallon boost
'the army said about 46.000 are in the federal excise tax on gas-in this fix, roughly 9 percent of oline as a possible anti inflation
Daily Record ...
. ... 14
all its enlisted men.
It said it is working to correct! I the problem and the “mismatch trend is improving.”
Two years ago there were 77,700 improperly-assigned soldiers. or more than 15 percent of enlisted strength, it said.
I Officials said mismatch often results from an oversupply or undersupply of specific skills and much of the difficulty is centered at the unit level where commanders must fill slots with whatever men they have.
The army acknowledged that
(Continued: Page 8, Col. 3)
The 1/xs Angeles Times quoted unidentified administration officials as saying higher gaso-, line taxes could reduce eon-! sumption as much as 5 percent, thus pressuring oil-exporting na tions to lower their crude oil prices.
Such a boost would raise $8 billion in federal revenue. The Times said some administration1 economic advisers suggest using the money to reduce income taxes for low-and-middle-1 income families, while others, would prefer it be used to bal-j anre the budget.
STORRS, Conn. (AP) Soviet and American scientists have discovered 9,008-year-old Aleutian artifacts they call the “first direct link” showing that North America’s original inhabitants came from Siberia.
The .scientists announced Thursday that during a two-month expedition this summer (Mi An lingula island they unearthed several kinds of tool blades that matched implements previously discovered in Siberia.
Anangula is centrally located in the 1,250-mile Aleutian chain off Alaska.
“This is the first direct link we've had that the Aleuts came to the U. S. via the Ber
ing land bridge that connected Siberia and Alaska” about 10,000 years ago, Dr, William Laughlin, a University of Connecticut anthropology professor, said at a news conference.
A. P. Okladnikov pointed out that soviet archeologist? found similar toots of the same period in central Asia’s Gobi desert.
Laughlin leads an eight-member U. S. contingent while Okladnikov heads the five-member Soviet team. The teams worked together for the first time under sponsorship of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and the U. S National Academy of Sciences.
l^aughlin, an Aleut specialist
since 1936, said earlier expeditions found bones of Aleuts and artifacts dating back to 5,000 B. C.
But during the latest trip scientists discovered 9.000-year-old artifacts that indicated one village on Anangula had been inhabited since 8,700 B. C., about the time scientists say a land bridge between Alaska and Siberia split
They say the bridge was located at the present site of the Bering strait, which separates the Soviet Union from the U. U. by about 50 miles of water.
Laughlin said discovery of whalebone fishing hooks gave credence to theories that the Aleuts, who differ in anthro
pological background from the Eskimos and Indians, were good fishers
“With this recent e xpedition. we have now found all three links; the skeleton of the Aleut who killed the whale, what he killed it with and bon<\s of the whale,” Laughlin remarked.
Tile expedition was funded with a $60,000 grant from the University of Connecticut, the National Science Foundation and the New York Wormer* Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research.
Except for a University of Connecticut research station, modern human habitation on Anangula doesn’t exist, Laughlin said.
The U, S. and Syria restored diplomatic relations wily two i months ago during former Pres-I ident Nixon’s Mid-East trip. Re-ilations had been broken off lifter the June, 1967, Mid-Easfc I war and Uhs was Syrian Foreign Minister Abd El-Halim Khad* dam’s first visit to Washington.
Ole of the topics Ford and Khaddam discussed was an extension of Uie mandate of the U.
1 NVs force deployed along the Golan Heights to observe the disengagement agreement between Syria and Israel. The mandate runs out in October.
Today * Chuckle
I Avo things worry most people these days: One, that
things may never get back to normal; and »he other, that they already have. co»vrt<iM