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View Sample Pages : Cedar Rapids Gazette, April 25, 1974

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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 25, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 'mf- '(th? (£?cLit Un pi cb $1*3 eW?Voters might grab candidate-pick power Editorial Page Thursday, April 25, 1974 Agencies must set rules A LEGISLATURE often takes a lot of heat “for not doing a thing” when, in fact, it has done quite a lot of things — many of which go unnoticed because they don’t draw a big press. One such bill passed by the 1974 legislature, and which will become law duly I. requires state agencies, for the first time, to adopt and publish procedures that must be followed by persons who appear before them. As matters stand now it is virtually impossible to know what procedures must be followed, for example, in applying to have a suspended driver's license reinstated, or to appeal the denial of a beer permit, or to do any one of the many things that require clearance by the state. Ordinary citizens were not the only ones befuddled when they tried to figure out procedures to follow before some state agencies. Even the lawyers who appeared in behalf of clients couldn't find out. Most agencies, moreover, couldn't offer w ritten policies or guidelines of any kind to people who inquired. As one lawyer-legislator {nit it: “If you were denied a license for some ridiculous reason and asked to see the policy setting out that reason, the answer usually was. ‘That's how we operate,’ with nr. policy statement or set of guidelines produced." Under the administrative procedures act, departments now will have to set policies and publish them in a now Administrative (’ode, similar to the Federal Register on the national lex el. This is one of the most important bills this legislature has passed, even though it didn’t draw much public* notice at the time.OK on FCC WHEN Iowan Nicholas .Johnson left the Federal C om* munications Commissior last year, a critic asked. “Who will speak for consumers with Nick Johnson gone? Surely not Mr. James H. Quello, a life-long broadcasting industry figure.” The senate’s confirmation of the Nixon-appointee Quello this week doubtless will evoke more negative remarks. However controversial the nomination may have been in principle, though, the retired Detroit broadcaster’s remarkable service-to-com triunity record suggests that consumer-advocates should not sell him short. Few nominees to key government posts have enjoyed support    as enthusiastic as that accorded by nonpartisans who know Mr Quello. By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON - Wouldn't ii be something if tho voters took one or both 1979 presidential nominations out of the hands of the politicians — and gave the nation new. fresh leadership? It is possible It might even be probable. One thing I can report with assurance The mood of the country indicates voters are getting ready to do it This isn't just theory. There is solid evidence to support it A few weeks ago I invited readers of every newspaper which uses this column to propose presidential candidates whom they would like to see enter the race. For a poll which required people to write out names, stamp and mail envelopes. the response was substantial—1.1)19 replies to date from every part of the country. None of the familiar candidates who lead the professional polls came out ahead The top throe were Son. Charles Percy of Illinois. .John Gardner of Common Cause and Klimt Richardson, former attorney general. But the really explosive political fact which burst through this survey, as I examined it closely, is that more than half of those who replied nominated two or more candidates of markedly diverse ideology. This can only mean one thing—a most exciting and significant development — and that is many citizens are prepared to put personal rectitude above every other factor in deciding how they will vote next time. This can only mean that the Democrats could nominate a conservative and the Republicans could nominate a liberal and satisfy the electorate if their candidates were men or women of transcendent integrity The diverse range of candidate teams offered in the poll was marked—Nelson Rockefeller and John Connally; K11 int Richardson and George Wallace; John Gardner and Sen Henry Jackson; Ralph Nader and Henry Ford II and other unlikely pairings It is evident that the liberal-conservative dividing line is not the wav mainEyeball to eyeball voters—perhaps    a majority—are thinking today when they come to deciding the kind of man they want for President in 1979 When I told a newspaper colleague, a political writer of national repute, what I was so unexpectedly discovering, his response was revealing in that it showed he had independently reached a similar conclusion without any basis for it except his intuition. “I'm fascinated," he said. “by the findings of your poll because of a theory I have that heretofore has been supported by NO evidence—that is. that the result of Watergate on the electorate may be a chemical change that will demand a turning away from the generation of politicians who have dominated the scene for a decade or so toward a new generation with some quality beyond party identification.” This is clearly the message which this poll is sending to the Republican and Democratic parties This conclusion by an experienced political analyst was echoed in hundreds of thoughtful, earnest letters which I received along with the candidate suggestions. These two sentences are typical “The American people are sick to death of tired old politics We want integrity, intelligence and vigor—and. hopefully, vision Los Anqplos T imps Syndicntp Should U.S. aid to South Vietnam be increased? By Congressional Quarterly WASHINGTON — Only one year after the return of American troops and prisoners of war from Vietnam, congress still is debating the continuing U S. commitments in Southeast Asia The defense department has requested that congress allow it to spend an addi tional $474-million for military aid to South Vietnam and Laos But so far congress appears to Im- unsympathetic On April 4. the house1 rejected the Pentagon's request Five days later, the senate armed services committee agreed with the house verdict Die debate is still far from over The senate has not yet acted on the bill containing the request for additional aid. and congressional consideration of the administration’s new defense budget is coming up In that budget, the administration has requested almost $1 5-billion for aid to South Vietnam in fiscal 1975, compared to a fiscal 1974 appropriation of $907- million for both Vietnam and Laos In addition, the President is calling for spending another $790 million for postwar reconstruction aid to South Vietnam. Laos and Cambodia, compared with $450-million in fiscal 1974 Following are arguments for and against increasing I S military assistance to South Vietnam How goes congress? Demos widen leadBy Louis Harris The Harris Survey THE DEMOCRATS have opened up a 23-point lead over tin1 Republicans in nationwide preferences for congress next November The latest Harris Survey puts the Democrats ahead by 52-29 percent, the largest lead it has ever recorded for congressional contests and larger than any actual result since tin1 193t)s These nationwide results mean that the trends evidenced in this spring’s special elections are deep and widespread Although a majority of voters says that Watergate is not the determining issue, closer analysis shows that it is indeed having a significant bearing on GGP prospects in the off-year elections A cross-section of I 1H4 likely voters was asked in late March Does all of what happened in Watergate make you feel more like voting for the Republicans in I 974, less like voting for them, or doesn t it make' much difference one way or the other in the way you will vote for congress this fall? Total Public Feel more for GOR Feel less for GOP Makes no real difference Not sure 5 38 53 4 While 53 percent of the electorate say Watergate will not influence their vote one way or the other, a substantial 38 percent say they are less likely to vote for Republicans as a result of the Watergate disclosures A rarity These reactions to Watergate are significant for two reasons First, voters are traditionally reluctant in such poll questioning to admit that any one issue is really determining their vote The 38 percent who say they are affected by Watergate is an unusually high admission rate. Second, subtracting the 5 percent who say Watergate makes them feel “more like voting Republican this fall,” it can be seen that the GOF candidates are carrying a net handicap of 33 percentage {Hunts into the election just on the Watergate issue alone Insights Most affected bv Watergate in their vote intentions are persons who live in the West, young people under 30. skilled Louis Harris labor, union members, white collar types, and those with incomes of $15,901) and over On the vote for congress, the cross section was asked lf you had to decide fight now, as far as this district is concerned, for congress this fall, do you think you will vote Republican or Democratic'5 ReD Dem Not March, 1974 29 52 19 January 32 50 18 September 1973 31 53 16 June 35 51 14 May 39 49 12 Office-seeking is a disease, if is even catching Grover Cleveland As the Watergate disclosures began to take hold last May, the Republicans began the 1974 race behind by ll) points. 49-39 per cent In the latest reading, taken late last month, the (JOF deficit had more than doubled Among the most significant potential deficits for the trailing Republicans are the Midwest and West, 54-30 percent, the suburbs, 50-30 percent; small towns. 45-29 percent; among voters 50 years of age and older. 54-33 percent; among white collar voters. 55-29 percent; among union voters. 60-34 percent; among Independents. 41-23 percent, and among voters who are Catholic. 57-24 percent. Rather switch Among voters who cast their ballots for President Nixon in 1972. close to one in every three, 32 percent, now says he plans to vote Democratic this fall Watergate obviously is hurting the Republican chances, but it is by no means the only issue. People are irritated over the state of the economy and are far from convinced that the energy crisis was not contrived by the oil companies with the help of the Nixon administration A traditional Democratic rallying cry, likely to be heard across the hustings this fall, is that “the Republican party is too close to big business” There is a Watergate overtone to that issue this year. given the illegal contributions some corporations made to the Republican presidential campaign in 1972 The future impact of Watergate will undoubtedly be affected by the congressional decision on the impeachment issue. But there is little doubt that at the present time the Watergate issue raises the prospect of an unprecedented Democratic sweep in next fall s congressional elections Chicago Tribune1 N<‘w York Nows Syndicate MORK THAN 45.099 Americans died and some 300.000 were wounded fighting for South Vietnam's right to determine its own future. Billions of dollars have been spent on the war effort “Are we going to say that all those Americans have died in vain. all those wounded have suffered in vain, or that all that money we have spent was in vain?” William G Bray (RIrid ) asked the house April 4 during the supplemental Vietnam aid debate. I S commitments did not end with the return of I S troops Although there is no legal or written requirement that the United States continue to provide aid. this country 's long and deep involvement in Vietnam — its heavy human and material investments — have left tin1 United States with obligations. “We have committed ourselves very substantially. both politically and morally" to the defense of South Vietnam, according to Secretary of State Henry A Kissinger The United States must help maintain the precarious military balance in Vietnam by continuing to supply ammunition and replace equipment on the one-to-one basis permitted by the Paris accord In the current fiscal year, the United States has fallen behind in replacing South Vietnamese equipment. Saigon 's need for American assist aliet1 is not open-ended The next 14-24 months are the critical period which will determine whether South Vietnam will become economically viable and be able to deter a North Vietnamese offensive But more is involved than a commitment to one small nation in Southeast Asia “The first line of defense is the word we have given to our allies,” Jack F Kemp (R N V ) asserted during the house debate. If the United States People's forumWhy school not sold To the Editor Recent letters have questioned the Cedar Rapids school board's derision to transfer Lincoln elementary school to Kirkwood Community college rather than accept a $95,90(1 offer from a private purchaser The following considerations indicate why the board feels this is in the community ’s best interests. • A professional appraisal indicates that to replace the Lincoln building and its site, the cost would exceed $800,000 It appears accepting $95,000 would not lie as wise as keeping the facility in educational service as a continuing economic benefit to the community. • Taxpayers of the Cedar Rapids district support approximately 30 percent of Kirkwood’s total property tax requirements. If Kirkwood constructed a facility approximating Lincoln's space from property tax revenue for $809,000. refused South Vietnam the arms assis-tanee it needed to survive, the credibility of U S. commitments around the world would be weakened According to Deputy Secretary of Defense William F Clements, “it is the essence1 of the Nixon Doctrine — and. indeed. of American policy for tin- last quarter century — to help our friends and allies to defend themselves Congressional Quarterly THE PENTAGON insists that it must sjK'ttd more money in V letnam this wear to counter inflation and the1 soaring •costs of petroleum Who is going to pay the extra cost of fuel for our constituents'.’ Who is going to pay the extra costs which will accrue to our constituents because of this extra spending bv the Pentagon in Southeast \sia Joseph F. Addable* (DA V I asked the house. lh*> (wUZPttv s opinion Billion-dollar sufficiency WHAT TENDS to be ignored in controversy over boosting military aid to South Vietnam by several hundred million dollars is that this is not a question of upholding or reneging on a national commitment to that country. Even if the no-increase decision holds, the U.S. will be honoring its obligations through a $ I 12H billion outlay to its former partner in war That is sizable assistance by any test It represents a huge investment of American good faith Congress w illingly has gone along w ith that much “honor,” even if the proven upshot is not “peace.” Also, it is doubtful that a failure now to increase aid as urged spells life-or-death for South Vietnam. More money won t assure survival; less will not assure collapse. If there is any problem, too, concerning U S. moral obligations over there, Hie problem is not ours alone America gave lives and wealth believing these were necessary to a self-determined future1 for South Vietnam, in freedom and democracy. The Thieu regime's implicit moral obligation to fulfill that end has not approached reality as yet. All this buttresses the thought 4-bat in respect tot S aid, enough is enough and more is too much. The house was right to let it ride1. Cedar Rapids taxpayers would contribute about $240,000 Although others obviously would benefit from use of Lincoln. Cedar Rapids’ $240,000 share for construction of an equivalent facility would Im- offset by only $95,1(00 from the private purchaser • Kirkwood molds indicate that Cedar Rapids district residents participate in over 60 percent of Kirkwood s continuing education programs In satisfying the increasing demand for these, Kirkwood plans to use Lincoln for Instruction toward adult high school completion, plus retraining and upgrading of adult basic and technical skills Teaching adult business occupational skills — clerical, secretarial, office procedures, bookkeeping and accounting. Broadening carcer educational opportunities for secondary school students, with programs in health services, data processing, electronics and agri-business. The audio-visual component of training for truck drivers, with actual driving done elsewhere Locating these programs at Lincoln will provide trained personnel for sin cessful, efficient operation of Cedar Rapids business and industry • In transferring Buchanan school to the city of Cedar Rapids, the school district is incorporating a reversion clause so that the property must be returned to the school district in case it is no longer used for city purposes. The Kirkwood agreement would include a similar clause insuring that Cedar Rapids taxpayers receive the economic benefits from any subsequent sal)- of Lincoln • Kirkwood lias agreed to allow the community near Lincoln to use the facilities for Girl Scouts. Boy Scouts. ( amp Eire girls, other youth or senior-citizen activities, and as a voting place for the 21st precinct. A private purchaser might not • Lincoln cannot legally be sold to any private buyer unless the people vote IMTimssion But. Iowa law clearly grants authority for a transfer to Kirkwood. which would then pay all insurance, maintenance and operation costs Otto E Wiedersberg. secretary Board of Education 349 Second avenue SUTeachers' aides To the Editor As one of the many agencies in this community relying heavily on th*1 services of volunteers to carry out an operational program more effectively, The United States has a troubled economy and domestic needs to attend to Let s spend the money on our own Vietnam veterans.' Otis g Bike (D-\ Y ) declared as his colleague' on the house floor applauded Congress has recognized the need to curtail I s aid to Vietnam But the Fentagon ignored a congressional imposed ceiling on Vietnam aid. overspent its budget and then came back for more Mid they will continue to come hark until congress puts an end to it Nothing we can do there is going to affect the final outcome; we can only delay it and break our own bank in the process.” Rep. Robert L. Leggett (I) ( alif ) argued “If we help them do it. they can keep this war going for IOO years, by which time we ll be ready to Ison the receiving end of somebody” foreign aid program I’be United States — through its massive aid program — is perpetuating the hostilities in Southeast Asia As long as (’resident Thleu is assured of anv amount of aid hi- wants, there is na incentive to reach an accord with Hanoi Thieu lias predicted an imminent offensive for months, most loudly whenever American aid i' before congress Not only has no such offensive occurred, but the only offensive so far bas l>een by Thieu    Rep    Ronald V Heliums 11 )-< alif ) charged Some >0 nun Vietnamese have died in combat during the first year of our socalled ‘peace with honor, Rep Patricia Sc brooder (IM'olo ) wrote in a house committee report “The Thieu regime remains rigid, oppressive and dictatorial, using American armaments to crush its political opponents, disdaining any form of compromise ” Conge essionol Qua1 tnr Iv we at Nixon elementary school would like to acknowledge this as National Volunteer week Due to school redistricting last year our school staff was reduced and we were forced to cut back on the use of paid personnel who served as teacher assistants in the classrooms We turned to parent volunteers and came up with over 8(1 who have contributed an average of 300 hours a month rn service to our school assisting students and teachers here at school and doing paper work projects at home to help us better meet instructional objectives. On behalf of our entire staff I would Ilk*1 to extend our deepest thanks to all these volunteers for their most valuable help Bill Dwyer, principal Nixon elementary school HiawathaHacksville There s so much air pollution around thest* days that people are coughing even when they’re not in church or at the movies. Son francisco Chronicle ;