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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 23, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Thr Cedar Rapids Gazette: Tues., April 23, 1974 Diet Cuts Type A, Smoking Risks By Meyer Friedman, M.D. and Ray H Uosenman, M.D. Assuming that you are not suffering from one of the certain causes of coronary artery and heart disease (and luckily most of you aren't), and also assuming that you are a youngish man (that is, under 40), we can declare categorically that if ALL our instruc- Third of a Series tions in this chapter and the rest of the book are METICULOUSLY heeded and followed, your chances of suffering a heart attack before you are in your 70s or 80s will be very slim indeed! If all Americans from birth had NEVER smoked cigarets, and if they had never succumbed to Type A Behavior Pattern, this chapter would be superfluous. There is not one bit of evidence now available to indicate that a non-diabetic, non-hypertensive individual who has NEVER smoked cigarets and who always has been and remains a Type B subject, will ever get coronary heart disease just by ingesting a diet rich in cholesterol and animal fat. What we are saying is that dietary cholesterol and animal fat BY THEMSELVES probably do not cause coronary heart disease, but if they are teamed up with excess cigaret smoking (that is, over IO cigarets per day), or the severe Type A Behavior Pattern, they may become deadly. Can’t Recall Indeed, in our own experience we cannot remember, more than a handful of persons who ever reached the age of 60 without suffering from coronary heart disease, hypertension, or lung cancer if they (I) had smoked more than 20 cigarets a day. (2) had exhibited the SEVERE form of Type A behavior, and (3) ingested a diet rich in cholesterol and animal fat. Since well over half of all urban Americans either smoke excessively or exhibit Type A Behavior Pattern, it seems to us to make good sense to advocate food habits that will ensure that these addicted or afflicted persons will not be compounding the insults to their coronary arteries. But you may ask, “Suppose I quit smoking and rid myself of my Type A behavior. Need I still change my food habits?” We believe you still must make the change because your arteries have probably already been injured by the tobacco or behavior pattern. We've known patients who developed coronary heart disease aa much as a decade after they gave up excessive cigaret smoking, just as we’ve known many who have died of lung cancer many years after they gave up the habit that caused the cancer, namely that same smoking of cigarets. Low as Possible The first objective of any dietary regimen for prevention of coronary heart disease is to keep the serum cholesterol level of a person AS LOW AS POSSIBLE, not just at the so-called American normal level. We again stress this point because, whereas the socalled normal serum cholesterol level of the average adult American is generally considered to be any value under 275 mg.-lOOml., and that of the person under 21 any value under 200 mg.-lOOml., these levels are probably not low enough to be safe. Ideally, an adult’s cholesterol level should be the same as that of persons of other races who never get coronary heart disease. Such a value would be approximately ISO-US mg.-IOO ml. The second objective is to furnish a sufficent amount of not only protein, fat and carbohydrate, but also of the necessary minerals and vitamins. The third objective of any dietary regimen is that the regimen be one that is simple to follow and doesn’t require a Table I Aiti«^ximatl Composition of Various Foods 0 Cholesterol XV Fat Protein Carbohs drain pimple Sugars Caloriex Type of Food (mg. per ct.) (g. per oz.) (g. per oz.) (g. per oz.) (g. per oz.) (per oz.) A. Meats (lean) Pork 24 7 7 o o 91 Beef 27 6 6 o o 78 Lamb 20 6 6 o o 78 Veal 30 3 9 o o 8.3 Organs (e.g., liver) 91 I 8 o o 41 B. Most fish f 24 2 5 0 o 38 C. Shellfish Crab 42 «5 5 o o 25 Lobster bb 0-5 6 o o 29 Clams 50 0-5 6 o o 29 Shrimp SO 05 6 0-5 o 31 D. Fowl (Chicken fie turkey) 20 I 8 0 o 41 E. Dairt/ Products Whole mille 3 J 5 I I I 21 Low-fat (2%) milk 2 I I I I 17 Skim milk o o I I I 8 Buttermilk o o I I I 8 Cream 34 14 I I I 134 Buttter 24 0.2 o o 180 Cottage cheese (uncreamed) I 0.5 2 o o 12 F. Egg (I whole) 275 6 35 0 o 68 G. Vegetablest o 0.2 . o.8 3 I 16 H. Fruits o 0.1 0.2 4 2 17 I. Nuts o 28 7 6 2 214 J. Cereals Breakfast cereals 0 0 0.4 26 I 105 Bread IO 1 2.2 l6 2 82 Cake 25 5 15 20 15 131 Cookies 35 7 2 22 15 3 59 Waffles 55 A 2 5 12 8 94 • All values given represent those for raw foods, t Certain fish (e.g., salmon and cod) contain more fat and cholesterol. {The avocado and olive are much richer in fat than most other vegetables. Table 2 A Daily Dn.r Plan- Sufficiently Low in Cholesterol* 7) re of f ood Total Daily Approx.    Approx.    Approx.    Approx.    Approx. Amount Cholesterol    Tat    Protein    Carbohydrates    Calories (oz.) (mg. per day) (p. per day) (g. per day) (g. per day) per day A. 2 servings lean meat, fish or fowl IO 240 70 70 O 910 B. 4 servings vegetables 16 0 3 48 271 C. 2 servings salad! 8 0 30 4 12 334 D. 2 glasses skim milk lh 0 0 16 l6 128 E. 2 slices bread 2 20 2 4 4 32 164 F. Oleomargarine! 2 0 53 0 O 477 C. Fruits (, 0 0 I 24 IOO H. One sen ing of cereal 2 0 0 I 52 212 Daily Total hi 260 158 109.4 184 2,598 * All values given represent veight as raw foods, t Includes 2 tablespoons of oil dressing. J Includes margarine rn food,. A. Sever I.at These lauds 1. Egg yolks    , 2. Any animal organs, including rot* 3. All sausages, including wieners 4. All shellfish, particularly shrimp 5. Butter, cream, ice cream, or foods containing these 6. Cheeseburgers, pizza 7. All cheeses except untrearned cottage cheese and cheeses specially processed to be cholesterol free 8. Almost all cooked hors d'eeuvres B. ,Bestrid Your It take cf These Foods as Much as Possible 1. Sugars, syrups, jelly, honey 2. Candy 3. Cookies 4. Cakes, except angel food cake C. Hat a, Much as Iou Like If Your bathroom Stales Approie 1. All xcgrtables 2. AH vegetable oils 3. All nuts, except coconut 4. Egg whites 5. Skim milk, buttermilk, yogurt slide rule or a computer to understand. Fourth Objective The fourth objective is to present foods that are as attractive and tempting as the ones they are replacing. It is this last objective that scores of dietitians, having satisfied themselves of the accuracy of their calorie and vitamin requirements, completely ignore. First, let us look at foods you usually eat and see how much cholesterol, fat, protein, carbohydrates and simple sugars they contain. Table I gives the approximate amount of these constituents, and also their approximate calorie values. Obviously, some vegetables and fruits will have more protein, fat, or carbohydrates than others, but for purposes of simplification we have calculated the AVERAGE composition of commonly eaten foods. Of course, if you only eat avocados, our fruit values will not be of much help to you. On the other hand, if endives are your vegetable, our vegetable values will also be misleading. (For those of our readers who wish an exhaustive, very detailed and beautifully me-tielous handbook of food values, we recommend that they purchase Agriculture Handbook No. 8. COMPOSITION OF FOODS, for $1.50 from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington. D.C. 20402. This is truly a treasure for the person who wishes to know the energy-producing components and mineral and vitamin composition of each specific foodstuff.) Typical Serving Table 2 depicts the composition and caloric value cf a typical serving of various foods (some admittedly on the spare side). If you are willing to follow our recommendation of a low cholesterol, low animal fat diet, you can see that some of these foods — for example animal organs, shellfish. and eggs — just won’t do for you. Table 2 gives a daily food regimen that is low in cholesterol and animal fat. It calls for two servings of trimmed lean meat, fish or fowl each day. Admittedly a meat, fowl or fish serving weighing five ounces uncooked isn’t large, but it is moderately appeasing. Preferably seven or more of WASHINGTON (AP) - A Millsap Appeals Court Decision On Suspension Kenneth Millsap has appealed) a Linn district court decision: upholding his demotion from ^ew Jersey man whose family Cedar Rapids police detective was killed in a house fire urged lieutenant to detective and his government Tuesday to suspension for 60 days without move w^h    deliberate pav    .speed”    to    protect    others from A notice of appeal of the deci- Revision sets that can burn, fa-sion made by Judge Robert Os-,*a^y shock people or'explode Family Lost in Fire, Man Asks TV Safety filed Peter B. Young, who was critically burned in a blaze that claimed his wife, 20-month-old mundson last week was Monday in district court. The city civil service commis , ,    , sion imposed the disciplinary^^ , a"d „ ™ her-in-law, action Aug. 30 rn connection^5 ,/he    n "‘‘"A w 3 with a March 19. 1973, incident,    fb !c hearing before Millsap, who was off duty at the 'hcf ,U„ S' Consumer 1 roduct time, was arrested for intoxica- Safcty Concussion, tion and resisting arrest. For-    “Seems Likely” mal charges were not brought against him. He was suspended indefinitely by then Police Chief George He said it “seems quite likely” to him that a faulty TV set started the fire in his Summit home on the night of Jan. I, Matias. The commission later; 1973, as well as two succeeding found there was insufficient evi-; fires in neighboring Roseland Must Believe SLA Threat Is Real: FBI SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) - Wasau, which handles Zenith's liability coverage, said it appeared the Young fire broke out The FBI says it “can’t take the in the opposite side of the room jchance” the two latest messages purported to be from the based Symbionese Liberation Army upon* fire"' department photo- and which threaten to kill poll-graphs and inspection of the cemen if SLA members ate damaged home, suggested the harmed are not authentic. from where the TV set was located. The Martin report, fire originated causes. from other ^he messages, signed by a “General Pax,” do not reflect But Young said that, at least the usual pattern of the terrorist in his case, “I have no knowl- group. They were received Mon-edge of any independent hives- day by the Sacramento Bee, tigation conducted by the manu- and sajd fjve California peace facturers of my set.” He said he officers would be executed for plans to tile a “seven-figure lawsuit soon. He said the government’s estimate of 10.000 TV-related fires annually is “in the ballpark.” dence to show he was intoxicated. Runway Work Is Resumed at C.R. Airport and North Caldwell that took ll (^[*clin SgTvIc© more lives. “The only way this whole ghastly thing can have any meaning is if it helps other people avoid our experience,” Young said in an interview. any SLA member killed. John Reed, agent in charge of the Sacramento FBI office, said the FBI cannot assume the messages received by the Bee are not the real thing. “Since the life of the victim is Board Chosen sti,"in jaopardy and.the livcs,of police officers are in jeopardy, been we can’t take that chance,” the Reed said. The messages, one in pencil Preliminary work got under way Monday in the Cedar Rapids airport resurfacing project after a winter’s recess. : Eleven directors have elected to the board of Cedar Rapids Chamber of Com- “Let’s learn from it, for God’s ™erceL Grain Sertvi<*’ ]nc/: and thc other on a taPc’ wcre I sake. A lot of families can be Chamber President John C. scnt by mail to the Bee in a Rice announced Tuesday’. saved by what we’re trying to do here.” Young said the commission must develop mandatory federal According to airport engineer-jsafcty standards for the manu- ing consultant Harold Miller, one I facture of new TV sets and diagonal runway was barricad- somehow’ make safe the 45 unl ed off Monday. He said that concrete removal lion sets already in use. He suggested that the in- and patching work is to be ac- dustry be required to place a Rice also said the annual meeting of the Grain Service, including election of officers, will be held May 7 at 3:30 p m. at the Chamber of Commerce. Elected to one-year terms brown manila package with a Berkeley postmark. “The Symbionese Liberation Army will not allow itself to he slaughtered bv the Fascist forces who suppress us now,” the penciled letter said. “We ^Cre G?/gC J^av\rencc’ therefore issue this warning: Dwayne Monroe, Richard Lon- pjve California law enforcement geway, Arnold Blachfelner, Ray officcrs wi„ bc cxecuted for complished this week and that'simple shut-off switch on the Larson, Tudor Wilder, Guy p SLA member murdered. ' cords of old sets across the ”)e?; Rlcbard Warner, Rich-    jjeod This order will be country and broadcast public frd    nc    ?. *c’ an enforced.” ,iro m in crc    Robert Faxon, of the Chamber The voice tape said, in part, “Do not think that bv elimin- repaving is to begin next week, cor(js of old sets across the weather permitting. Some storm sewer work also warnings w ill be started this week. Until the government acts, he The runway project is expect- said jn prepared testimony, “I staff. The Grain Service, a sub- " r 4    r    oaivi    iii    }7i    vpaicu    iloiiiuvuj    ,    a    ...    ,    ,    ,    ofiiirr cd to be completed by the end Wju £tand by my advice to citi- Sldiafy tbe Chamber, super- a of the summer    "    ’    •    ■    *•    1,1    vises    pram    insnertinn    and    of-    that izens and friends to pull the,''15" grain inspection and of- plug, especially at bedtime, or even any time when the set is not in use.” Counselors Attend Navy Conference Five counselors from Cedar Rapids high schools attended the navy’s “Training for Opportunity” conference in San Diego April 10-13. The group received fires, have denied that their ficial weight services needed by grain processing industries. All cars of grain must be bought or a few of our members you can destroy our movement. We are everywhere.” Before arrival of the package. Makers’ Denial RCA, manufac- sold on official grades which de- the last communication from termine the purchase price. the SLA was received April 3. In Members of the board of the jtt yjjss Hearst renounced her Zenith and turers of the    sets Young as- Grain Service are elected by the    family and said    she had    become sociated with    the New    Jersey- Chamber board of directors. an SLA comrade. ~~T    i Previous communications Killer Typhoon    have included evidence purport- TOKYO (AP) — A spring    cd to show that the SLA    had struction. and management ori- president for consumer    affairs, storm that expanded to typhoon    kidnaped Miss    Hearst.    But    the _________ coirl tKnrn iroc sa He a1 I lf Alif A A  _ * •  * * _____ J    t« t    i    i    i a first-hand look at the navy’s products caused the blazes, recruit training, vocational in- Nathan W. Aram, Zenith vice entation programs. said there was Attending from Cedar Rapids evidence" that were Don Bergman, Washing-caused the Young fire. ton; Steven A. Dinger, Jefferson: Jack Garry and Lanny D. Peterson, both of Kennedy, and general Harold Primrose. Washington. absolutely    no    proportions as it moved across    Monday messages lacked any Zenith    set    japan Sunday killed eight per-    such evidence. They also lacked sons and injured 44. police said,    the usual SLA signoff, “Death to He    said    an    investigation    by    Two other persons were report-    the Fascist insect that preys Roy A.    Martin    Associates, Inc.,    ed missing.    upon the life of the people.” an insurance investigating firm for Employers Insurance of dangerous saturated fats. And, while on the subject of fats, we would like you to know that no vegetable fat — that is. polvunsaturated fat— ever LOWERS your blood cholesterol. The best that can be said for it — and this is not negligible—is that it does not ELEVATE your blood cholesterol. Animal fats do. Not a Irate Also, when you eat any animal fat, you also consume the cholesterol dissolved in it. Vegetable fats, on the other hand, contain not even the slightest trace of cholesterol. But you cannot counteract the possible harmful effects of cating either cholesterol or animal fats by swallowing extra corn or safflower oil. Please remember that. We have had more than one patient who believed that, if he fried his eggs in corn oil, the corn oil would protect him against the cholesterol in the yolks. We wish such protection was a fact but unfortunately it is a fantasy. How religiously should you follow the diet we have presented? You should follow it moderately conscientiously, but never to the point of fanaticism. The most important goal to keep in mind is the TOTAL amount of cholesterol consumed daily, rather than any particular food ingested. For example, if you should desire on any particular day to eat some ice cream or butter or wish to drink a glass of whole milk, then do so. But then cut down your meat or fish ration so your total intake of cholesttrol on that day still falls below 300 milligrams. (Copyright (c)    1974 by Meyer Friedman. Reprinted from TYPE A BEHAVIOR AND YOUR HEART, with the permission of Alfred A. Knopf. I Inc., Distributed by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) Next:    General Guidelines ; for Type A’s. Appeals Court Allows WI find Ore Plant Ta feopenl good honest LVER BAY, Minn. (API — mine at Babbitt, 47 mdes inland (ZP J■    v flavor af a good honest price with... SILVER The 3,100 employes of Reserve from here, these lT servlngs per week | Mining Co. began rushing back day. a rn. Sun-3,101) per- should be of any kind of fish    t0 their J°bs €arIy Tuesday,    .sons were out of work and the except shellfish    Fish contains    saved    from    the unemployment    two small towns faced the    pros- polyunsaturated    fats while    ro,,s    bv a    temporary court    ped of becoming little    more meat contains    the possibly    ;ordt,r    which    Puls the lron orc    than welfare centers. I manufacturer back in business. The order was issued late Monday night in Springfield, Mo., by a three-judge panel of the 8th U.S. circuit court of appeals. The panel stayed a lower court ruling which ordered Reserve shut down until May 15, when it said the full circuit court would hold a hearing to determine whether to allow the company to continue operating while a full appeal is heard. It was exactly 48 hours later when Bill Pierson’s truck rolled through the gate of Reserve’s Silver Bay plant. Pierson, the first worker to return to work Tuesday, yelled at a guard, “Hey, did you hear the good news?” He kept on driving. I “Boy, Urn glad to see this,” 'said the nbxt man in. “A lot of the people I saw downtown today were pretty depressed wondering where the next pay- The Saturday ruling by U.S. check was coming from.” District Judge Miles Lord in Minneapolis ordered Reserve’s huge iron ore processing plant at Silver Bay shut down at 12:01 a.m. Sunday because of pollution into Lake Superior. Reserve, which is owned jointly by the Republic and Armco steel companies and produces 15 percent of the iron ore used in First to arrive at the plant were foremen and superintendents to prepare it for production. Company officials said they expected operations to be back to normal before the day is out. And critics said that meant the company would again be pouring 67,000 tons of rock the nation’s steelmaking blast wastes a day into Lake Superi- furnaces, also closed its taconite or. Now! Furnace Cleaning Special! IGARY NOVAK Am ana W Buy Now and Save Rag. $23.39    $    Tj    I    95 Valia* ... Only » Hoyt your Furnace checked while still operating . . . we ll •et and adjust to peak officiary • W« Do All This: • Chock Furnaco, • Chock A Cloan Thermostat • Cloan Furnaco tumor, • Oil Blower, tearing! and motor, • Chack all aloctrical and gat connections. • Chock pilot aafoty. • Chock furnaco flu#. • Chock for leaks and cracks. Now you savs $50 to $ 10O on Central Air Conditioning by famous AMANA No Money Down 24-HOUR SERVICE Call 364-4626 NOVAK All Makes & Models Furnaces and Air Conditioners v_ Heating I Air Conditioning 56 16th Avenue 5.Mf. “Serving Codor Rapids for 39 Years" 1 1974. J. W. Dont Distillers Co., N.Y., N.Y. ;