Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 23, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
1th? C?tlnt Bu pit! a (IhvjrH?
Comrade X’ reflects East-West confusion
Tuesday, April 23, 1974
NYC hurt by wage ?
WHEN HE signed the congres-sionally-popular mini
mum wage bill April 8, President Nixon emphasized that he “still has reservations about portions of this legislation." Principally, the President regrets the exclusion of a youth differential that would have allowed employers to pay bland 17-year-olds at a subminimum wage rate. “A vote for youth unemployment” is his description of the omission.
The approach of summer brings Mr. Nixon’s contention into better focus. Young people participating in the neighborhood Youth Corps summer work program apparently will receive more this year than $1.60 an hour, the minimum wage now made extinct by congress’ vote and the President’s qualified approval. (The bill raises the minimum wage for most nonfarm workers to $2, effective May I.)
We say “apparently” because at this writing the regional department of labor office in Kansas City does not know whether NYC will operate under a special exemption. A $1.80 per hour rate reportedly is a possibility.
Whether the boost for NYC workers is 20 cents an hour or the full 40 cents, the minimum wage hike rates as good news for participants. But, as in many other governmental endeavors, there seems to be a catch: Unless total funding increases apace with the minimum wage hike, total job slots will diminish. For example, a 25-percent increase in wages paid (from $1.6(1 per hour to $2) would force a 20-percent reduction in employes.
Will the minimum wage act af
fect NYC enrollments? Pending clarification from the department of labor, the national outlook remains fuzzy.
Locally, however, the picture is in pleasing focus. Originally funded at $68,000 for 158 job slots, the Linn county Neighborhood Youth Corps summer program is receiving $57,000 in supplemental funds. The local manpower services office thus will be able to offer more openings at whatever wage the feds direct. Officials here do not know whether supplemental NYC funds are being apportioned in other regions.
Meanwhile, two factors weigh against full-scope euphoria over NYC’s future: (I) Despite the federal government's avowed dedication to employment of disadvantaged youth, Washington’s commitment for summer ’74 — $800 million — is down some $40 million from amounts available in the previous two summers; and (2) allocations next year and thereafter depend quite tenuously on future appropriations. What’s more, funds unspent this year apparently will not be available next year, when the minimum wage continues its climb to $2.30 hourly.
All of which suggests that President Nixon was squarely on target when he requested special wage considerations for teenagers. A mandated wage increase benefits employes only as long as they continue working. Unless federally-supported youth work program’s are reviewed thoroughly in that light, Uncle Sam ironically could become a leading unemployment catalyst among young people.
Voluntarily, we win
/~\NE SIGN of basic quality in a ^ community has always been its rate of crime — an item which in Cedar Rapids’ case, despite some recent controversy on it, still speaks well for peace of mind and safety here. Another sign of quality is the extent to which a city’s residents pitch in to help each other, serving fellow citizens in need. Here, too, Cedar Rapids’ reputation shines.
Much of this service to people manifests itself in work beyond the call by individuals in leadership positions. Most of that routinely gets acknowledged and saluted. But a highly valued, lesser noticed contribution also comes from ordinary people who have volunteered for helping others in more ordinary ways outside the public eye.
The recognition this deserves is being partially accorded through a local observance of National Volunteer week, now under way.
Linn county’s Voluntary Action Center as an adjunct to the United Way system currently finds almost 500 active volunteers assisting close to 90 agencies, programs or groups. Personnel from 22
other groups (not included in the 500) also do their bit, along w ith 15 “language bank” volunteers for foreign language help to those w ho speak no English.
What all these people do collectively is work with children, elderly persons, the handicapped — helping out in offices, making phone calls from home, typing at home, guiding handicrafts, making doll clothes, helping with housework and home repairs, counseling both youth and adults, visiting the homebound, leading sports activities for children, serving as companions and activity leaders for elderly people
Individually, the prime rewards are personal warmth and satisfaction. Altogether, the encompassing reward is a better community, wrought by a generous meeting of needs.
One of this good program s own continuing needs is for a steady flow of more good volunteers to make it work. Anyone who has the urge may find no better time than now to join the team by getting in touch with the Voluntary Action Center at 712 Third avenue SE (365-6942).
Terrorists go urban
By Jack Anderson
WASHINGTON - The Symbionts Liberation Army’s commando raid on a bank, with Patricia Hearst wielding an automatic rifle, has government officials frankly worried.
They see it as a sign that the assassinations, bombings, kidnapings and other terrorist tactics, which plague other nations from Argentina to Britain may soon hit our cities. For the triggerhappy SLA raiders are typical of a new breed of urban guerillas who appear to be in touch with one another around the world.
There is no coordinated underground guerilla movement. Indeed, the insurgents often argue over ideology7 and tactics. But the FBI has evidence of increasing cooperation between guerilla groups
The FBI has linked SLA members to a student commune, known as the “Peking House,” outside Berkeley, ( alif The SLA allegedly has drawn inspiration from the Maoist philosophy taught at the Peking House
When SLA members Bussed Little and
Joseph Bemire were arrested for the murder of an Oakland school official. police found guerilla literature in their possession The texts apparently evolved from guerilla manuals first produced by the Chinese communists.
The Hearst kidnaping appears to have been taken right out of a Chinese text The manual even suggests that the kidnap victims should be ransomed to feed the jxxir But the ominous development in the revolutionary movement has been a shift from the countryside to urban ghettos Entire manuals have been written especially for ihe urban guerillas.
The Symbionese Liberation Army is now imitating this new breed of revolutionaries They stage daring robberies, murders and kidnapings, then disappear
into hideouts in the middle of crowded cities.
We have seen lists of the revolutionary groups the FBI keeps tabs on, and we have seen intelligence reports describing their activities Maoist-style guerilla gangs already are active in many American cities, according to these FBI reports, and more acts of terrorism can lie expected in the future
United Feoture Syndicate
By C. L. Sulzberger
Cl AI HO — I have had a letter from a 7 Soviet official who asks that I pro-led him by refraining from descriptive information. Ile alludes to himself as in opposition to the existing Moscow regime, not from the viewpoint of a Solzhenitsyn but, as he puts it. from the v iewpoint of “free-thinking men who stand for our system but want to make it a really socialistic and Soviet one.’’
In this respect he seems vaguely aligned with Andrei Sakharov, the nuclear physicist, who recently distributed a statement advocating more political democracy in Russia.
The official, who may be called “Comrade X,” urges that western media open their pages to exchanges of views with Soviet dissidents now that the Samizdat or underground press in the USSR has virtually been “liquidated.” which seems an exaggeration.
Comrade X is puzzled by apparent lack of logic in policy-making by the United States toward the Soviet Union, -lust after World war ll. he argues, then' never was a threat of armed Soviet incursion into West Europe — except in the wake of
communist uprisings in such countries as
France and Italy where communists were represented iii local government. The presence of American troops in Europe frustrated “this hope of Stalin.
But while there was no true menace of classical invasion from the East at the time NATO was first treated in 1949, Comrade X is bewildered because today there is widespread belief that a similar threat doesn't exist although one sees “the enormous increase of Soviet military power.” He considers this “a cardinal factor in the international situation "
What, he inquires, can bt' the “hidden motive" of the West — which believed itself in great danger from Moscow when it wasn't — in now assuming it is “safe in the lace of growing Soviet military supremacy over America? I cannot myself perceive the reasons behind this illogic."
He then lists weaknesses in tin1 West today an expanding economic crisis plus “political disruptions both in the sphere of western inter-relations and within many a western major power.”
What, he asks. might Moscow be tempted to do “in Yugoslavia after Tito. iii Spain after Franco, nut speaking about Italy, already in a state close to the situation we had in Russia between February and October of 1917? Our leaders must think in terms of a pre-revolutionary condition ”
Comrade X reasons “For both sides the talks on SALT seem to be a smokescreen covering preparations for a
The post is never dead...it s not even past.
time of turmoil facing Western EurojKv I know what the Soviet Union might do if conditions of civil war should arise in Europe. Could you presume what America would do?
“I ani not a partisan of the order of things existing in the western world What I am afraid of. as a Soviet Russian patriot, is that — confronted with a Yiet-nam-like situation in Europe — America might react; and I fear that the first shots would come from America's side. I await with great interest your reactions. You may refer, if you wish, to the considerations I brought to your attention but without any disclosure of my authorship."
Comrade X implies there was no reason to fear direct invasion of Europe from Russia in the late 1940s. Yet he does think Stalin would have moved to preserve order in case of civil violence promoted in that area by local communists; that such a possibility was frustrated by the presence of American troops.
At the same time, he thinks western confidence in detente is an illusion, unwarranted by the fact of Soviet military preparations. He believes that there are imminent political changes in Italy and that after the deaths of the present leaders, in Yugoslavia and Spain, new “pre-revolutionary” conditions might be followed up by some form of Soviet intervention. But he isn't sure what America would do to prevent this — even to the extent of firing “the first shots.”
The puzzlement thus expressed seems to be a slightly distorted mirror image of similar confusion in the West. This lack of confidence — on both sides — is surely one of the greatest obstacles to advance toward world stability.
And. whatever else one might say. skepticism is now encouraged by the explosion of new violence in the Middle East, the shipment of new arms supplies there by the superpowers, and the indication that SALT negotiations have reached a new phase of stalemate.
New York Tcnes Service
Showdown on the April topes
Truth deadline finds Nixon fatalistic’
By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak
WASHINGTON — The las! door open to the White House for painless noncompliance with the congressional subpoenas demanding presidential tapes of April 1973 has tx*en slammed shut in advance by senior Republicans and Democrats on the house judic iary committee1, posing an unavoidable moment of truth Thursday
The White House late1 last week seemed headed toward this approac h, give* the committee an edited version of the April tapes, omitting “national security" and “irrelevant'’ material Simultaneously. veiled hints from the1 White House have suggested not all the subpoenaed April tai*1* actually exist
But an overwhelming majority on the judiciary committee simply will not buy this Thew want each and every tape by the subpoena s Thursday due-date Thew will insist that questions of “national security'' and “irrelevant’’ material be1 resolved by bipartisan senior committee members and counsel working with Nixon defense lawyer James St Clair Claims of missing tapes would Ie greeted by disbelief and outrage from both Republicans and Democrats
Thus, the* showdown Mr Nixon must surrender the- tapes or raise Republican suspicions still higher by disobeying the* subpoena. That dilemma may encourage* what aides describe as a private* presidential mood e*\e*r more* fatalistic. Mr Nixon knows the game* must lo* played out and thinks he will win it. but adds that it he doesn't, we'll, that's the way it is
Last summer s senate Watergate hearings raise*d the possibility that the1 nnd-April 1973 presidential conversations hold the key to the game* Having lx*en warned In the* justice1 department April lo that
presidential aides ll R Haldeman and John Ehrlichman might be criminally prosecuted and should be* fired, the* President disregarded! the advice. Instead. h**conferred with them in frequent, long conversations whose* recorded contents might answer fateful questions Was this just bad judgment bv Mr Nixon ’ Or was he involved in the* Watergate* cover-up ’
Some potenttallv rewealmg conversations are lost forever The1 White* House say> the recorde*r ran out of tape* at 9 30 Sunday morning. April la But assuming Hie1 machine1 was replenished Monday, there were many other Nixon-Haldeman-Ehrlichman conversations during this crucial period
The President has bern partic ularly
chary about their release1 Special prosecutor Leon Jaworski's requests were ignored, and he has subpoenaed 11 conversations between April 14 and April 17. 1973. Similarly. St Clair complained! repeatedly that judiciary committee counsel John Boar s request for April 14-17 conversations was too vague (though Boar privately tell cl St. Clair prensely what was wanted!)..
.lust bedare the1 judiciary committer considered the* historic* subpoena. st * lair offered! Boar all mate rial req nest -e*et— EXCEPT the* April tape's After that was rejected, staunch Nixonite Rep. Bavlei Bennis of Indiana propose**! omitting the* April tape's from the subpoena. A party-line* vote* defeated his amendment
White House strategy had seemingly succeeded splitting the judiciary committee down partisan lines with Republicans supporting nonrelease of the* April tape's But this was suddenly and ironically transformed by the commit-te*e's most intransigent Nixonite Rep Delbert Latta of Ohio. Without White* House* prompting I^itta proposed another amendment, specifically listing each April 14-17 presidential conversation.
Some suspicious committee members Im lieve Latta wanted to nail down the partisan advantage gained fe»r Mr Nixon bv the* de*fe‘at of the* Dennis amendment; lf Latta s propeesal hist on another party-line* vote, the* partisan rapacity of the Democratic majority would lee* e*xp*>se*d
But the Democratic chairman, Rep Pe ter Rodino of Ne*w Jersey, shre*wdly accepted the* Ditta amendment. That not eerily produced an overuse dining vote for the* subpoena tent locked in committee Republicans, Latta included, for acquisition of the* April tapes
This dost reived Nixonian tactics of ae-
People s forumClark aids reform bill
To the* Editor
Iowans have reason tee tx* very proud of the- role* that Sen Bick ('lark played in the* vote to invoke cloture on a filibusterr bv Senator Allen against campaign finance reform legislation. •
Common Cause lobbyists report that Senator ( lark agreed to tx* em the* Hexer from noon until 4 p.m. before the cloture vote*
By his presence he* prevented a series of amendments which would have* weakened the campaign finance reform bill The senate by a one vote margin. H4-3(l voted to invoke cloture on April 9 and thus paved the way for passage of the bill.
Senator Hughes sheiuld also be com-mende*d for his presence for the cloture vote, since* he had been hospitalizes! with illness during the previous week
Senate passage oF campaign finance reform legislation paves the way fe»r measures to prevent future1 Watergates. Iowans are urged to write to their congressmen to press for an e>arly hearing of campaign finance1 reform legislation, now ixittlenccked in the house administration committee chaired by Rep Wayne* Hays.
Elwood Carlock 1700 (’ avenue1 NW
(•using judiciary committee Democrats *»f seeking a fishing license or driving a I -Haul truck to the* White House Moreover, house Republican leader John Rhodes endorses the idea of judiciary committee lawyers and St Clair jointly — not St Clair unilaterally — editing the tapes
The White House does not seem to understand that the* I .atta amendment ended any possibility that congressional Republicans could accept unilateral editing Still less acceptable would tx* a sudden revelation privately suggested by one seni<»r presidential aide, that more April tapes are nonexistent Even loyal Republicans would demand Why did the President not say so in the first place?
As usual, a tiny White House inner el role* is wrestling with the subpoena the President. st Clair, counsel I Fred Buzhardt and chief of staff Alexander Haig If past practice is followed, the reply will tome at the eleventh hour But this one decision could go farther than all the ut tiers in deciding the President's fate
Publisher* Hall Syndica*e
e hopped down, fences torn down, unsavory -looking characters roaring in on high-powered cycles, and a full-blown, full-time pain in the eardrums
The city police have warned ext lists in that area that they are trespassing and disturbing the |x*ace The next time the police answer a complaint, charges of trespassing and disturbing the pean* will tx* filed
Cyclists who can read should please pass on this information on lo their less erudite cronies
Nancy Kexhanowski 202 Thirty-fifth street drive SENeed busingCycle noise
To the Editor.
This is an attempt to get the word to motorbike ariel motorcycle riders that the area between Thirty-fifth street drive and Thirty-eighth street drive ST: is riot on another planet, but in the middle of quiet residential areas
The buzzing of these berserk bugs drives one bananas. The charming trails they forge through the wilderness (strewing beer cans and garbage enroute) create marvelous mudholes Pity we haven't any water buffalo around here
What began with one neighborhood boy on a minibike has blossomed into a nightmare of miles of muddy trails, trees
To the Editor
As members of the Stroke club, an organized group of disabled people, we wish to voice a complaint about the age limit on the use of the buses for the* elderly. There are many slightly handicapped people who need the service of transportation offered to the elderly but who are under the age of H2
Our group signed petitions, contacted the city council and was under the impression the service weeuld also ix* offered tee us What happened?
Charlotte Shook. Nancy Farrell, Margaret Yan Dee, Alice Greeley, Ellen Colaluca, Frances Baxa, Mary Batchclder, Myron Peterson. Gilbert Batchclder. Judy Stockberger, Charlotte Lattig, Bud Engel, C. K Homan, Norman Sutliff, Nora McSkimmmg
Stroke club, St. Cuke s hospitalHit, ran
To the Editor
I hojx1 I never get so sick as to back into someone else’s car and never let it tx* known Everyone is supposed to have car insurance. I have $r>o deductible. The bill is $97.03 for what a hit and run driver did to my car in a parking lot. Mentally ill, I would say.
I sure hope I never get sick to the point where I don't have respect for my fellow men
L*tha L. Waddle 2501 Franklin avenue NE