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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 14, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa VOLUME 92 - NUMBER 95 IDEAS FOR YOUR HOUSE Section Home Show    Is April    18-21 * < «k (In Sections E, F) A SCHOOL FOR DROP OUTS Oiler Linn (I    aunty Alternative (In Section A) CITY FINAL 35 CENTS ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Weather- Showers today. High in the upper 50s. Clearing and cooler tonight and Monday. Highs in the 50s. Lows in the 30s. CEDAR RAPIDS. IOWA. SUNDAY. APRIL 14. 1974 Says Most Pay Equal Tax Rates WASHINGTON (AP) - Most American families pay about the same percentage of their incomes in taxes, a private study released Saturday says. Economists .Joseph Pechman and Benjamin Okner of the Brookings Institution said only the richest 3 to 5 percent of U. S. families and the poorest IO percent pay more than 25 percent of their income in taxes. Their study covered federal, state and local taxes and included such taxes as sales and1 property taxes as well as income taxes. Vast Majority ‘‘The U. S. tax system is essentially proportional for the vast majority of families and therefore has little effect on the! distribution of income,” Pech-i man and Okner wrote. The study was based on 1966 state, federal and local tax fig-1 ures, but the two economists said the findings are just as valid today as they were eight years ago. Tax changes since then have been roughly offsetting, they said. “For those who believe in a progressive tax system, these results ought to be revealing,”; Pechman told reporters. A progressive tax system means that tax rates get higher as a person’s income rises. According to the study, even when tax burdens are shitted — j that is, if taxes paid by busi-| nesses are shifted to consumers in a variety of ways — the tax j burdens are essentially the same. “The very rich pay higher average effective tax rates than does the average family, but the difference is large only if the corporation income and property taxes are assumed to be borne by capital,” they said. Moderately Higher If it is assumed consumers pay corporation income taxes! through higher prices to a large degree, then “the very rich pay tax rates that are only port hospital were Merrill Paul moderately higher than aver- and his wife, Inez, both 70, of age.” they said.    Durant. The study used a number of; The Cedar county sheriff’s de ! different assumptions to take payment said the couple’s car! into account the shifting of the an(j a car driven by William j tax burden from one population stein, 20, of Davenport, collided! to another.    at 5 05 p m on highway 6. I he richest 3 to 5 percent of Stein was in satisfactory con-! families pay taxes varying aition at Mercy hospital. A pas-! from 50 percent of income, if senger in Stein’s car, Douglas; little shifting is assumed, to Carditic, 20, Stockton, was un-’ about 30 percent, when exten- dergoing surgery late Saturday, sive shifting is assumed, ac- and was reported in guarded cording to the study.    condition. Both are hospitalized The poorest IO percent pay a in Davenport, higher percentage of tfi^ir in- A second passenger in Stein’s comes for all taxes, but the au-;car, Douglas Berkhoff, 21, thors said this probably occurs j address unknown, suffered a because there are a large num- broken leg. ber of retirees and others with Authorities said the collision temporarily low income in this occurred after Stein’s car group.    passed another car. New Crossword Puzzle A new breed of crossword puzzle starts today on page 16D. Experts rate it a more challenging puzzle than the one that has faced readers up to now. The major difference is in the wording of definitions. There is Inn attempt to vary them so that the same definitions don’t appear every day. And humor is frequently used. The new puzzle, provided to The Gazette by the Chicago Tribune-New York News Syndicate, Inc., is actually one of the oldest continuing crossword puzzles in the world. It was started back in the 1920s by the New York Herald Tribune. It is the work of individual contributors from all over the U.S. and Canada. The puzzle offers both diagram and diagramless versions and cryptograms. Solutions to today’s puzzles will be carried next Sunday and that will be standard ceau Ford Sees No Evidence for Impeachment GREAT BEND, Kan. (UPI) -Vice-president Ford said Saturday he believed the house judiciary committee has no evidence on which it can base impeachment of President Nixon. Ford told newsmen the house committee had “absolutely no evidence on which to base impeachment.” And he added: “I do not think Watergate should be a significant issue in the upcoming elections.” The vice-president began a trip through Kansas with an appearance in Overland Park, a suburb of Kansas City, in support of Rep. Larry Winn, and then flew to Great Bend to appear in behalf of Sen. Bob Dole and Keith Sebelius, all Republic cans. He said he felt Nixon could help Republicans by making campaign appearances. “I will he campaigning on behalf of any candidate. Democrat or Republican, who has supported President Nixon's efforts to bring peace in Vietnam, better relationship with the Soviet Union and easing of tensions throughout the world,” he said. Ford said he believed that Nixon’s visits to lower Michigan last week on behalf of a Republican congressional candidate will “have a good impact.” “We wont know until the1 Tuesday election, of course, but his reception there was 95 to 96 percent warm and welcome.” I Ford said. “I think most of the people were glad to see the President, but it’s too early to tell if his welcome can be translated into votes.” In answer to a query about political plans, Ford said, "I haven t changed my mind. I have no intention to run. My! wife and I have talked about it! repeatedly and neither of us! have changed our minds.” Durant Couple j Dies in Crash DURANT—Two people were killed and three others injured Saturday in a headon collision here. Dead on arrival at a Da von-1 —Gazette Photo by Duane Crock Ready for Easier The Easter Bunny visited many East Iowa children this morning, playing what has become a traditional Easter role. Lilies on church altars, other colorful flowers and dressed-up little girls and boys also are Easter traditions. Pictured with cyclamens, an Easter lily and a bunny at the city's Noelridge greenhouse is Tracey Wilson, 3, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Doug Wilson, 6506 Mosswood lane NE. Christians Worldwide Observe Easter Gazette Leased Wires Christians throughout the world today celebrated their most holy holiday — the Easter resurrection of Jesus Christ. Less celebrated and less secularized than Christmas, Easter is the hinge of the Christian faith — the assertion that in Jesus, God has met and conquered sin and death. “Only Light” Greek Orthodox Archbishop Iakovos, primate of the two million Greek Orthodox Christians in North and South America, in a message read in Orthodox churches Saturday night, summed up the meaning of Easter for Christians when he called it “a day that can be honored only with light, only with the early-waking spirit. “For the day that breaks is the day of resurrection,” the primate said. “Not even the graves can withstand the force of its coming.” . marks the spot was crucified. where Christ “One Easter” Hours later, the Holy Sepulchre church turned to a traditional scene of chaos for the ceremony of the Holy Fire. Hundreds of Orthodox and Eastern Catholic pilgrims jammed around the tomb, struggling to light their cand-1 e s from blazing torches thrust through two holes in the side of the vault. In Istanbul, Patriarch Demetrius I. spiritual leader of the world’s 125 million Orthodox believers, urged that all Christians celebrate Easter on (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) procedure Chuckle Nothing is harder for a new driver to park than both ends Of a Caf.    Copyright 19/4 In the Vatican, Pope Paul VI delegated an evening vigil Mass in St. Peter's basilica on Saturday to Paolo Cardinal Marella, head of the basilica. Doctors had advised the Pope, after a strenuous schedule Thursday and Friday, not to overtire himself because of a recent bout with the flu. In Jerusalem, Israeli guards patrolled the old walled city following an Arab terrorist attack Thursday on the Israeli border towrn of Qiryat Sh-monah and Israeli retaliatory raids in southern Lebanon on Friday. Fewer visitors than usual were seen in Jerusalem streets. For the first time in eight years, due to calendar shifts, Western and Eastern churches were celebrating Easter at the same time. Services Held In Jerusalem, first Roman Catholics and then Eastern Orthodox Christians held services in the massive Crusader Church of the Holy Sepulchre, site of the tomb where Christ : runas 10 operate me camp, ret Hough was said to have lain    before    which provides a summer camp- in memory of    John the resurrection.    ing experience for children who    m. Morion    from Protestant pilgrims    gath-    would not otherwise be able to    Ralph C. and    Mattered outside the city walls at    attend a camp, are provided by,    gam Krska the Garden Tomb,    which    donations from subscribers and rn any Protestants believe readers of The Gazette.    ((Continued    on    Page    2A,    Col.    I Kissinger Plans Mid-East Trip WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary of State Kissinger received a new, detailed Syrian proposal Saturday for a disengagement of forces with Israel in the Golan heights. “It was a constructive attempt on their part.” he said of the plan and map brought to him by Brig. Gen. Hikmat Che-habi. the Syrian military intelligence chief. Kissinger Trip Kissinger will go to the Middle East around April 25 to try to bridge the differences between the Syrian proposal and the one presented to him March 30 by Israeli Defense Minister I Mo«,he Dayan. After discussing the plan with Chehabi, and with the Egyptian and Soviet foreign ministers. Kissinger said he was “moderately upbeat” about chances for a settlement. He will confer at the state department on Sunday morning with Sirncha Dinitz. the Israeli ambassador. After a brief early-evening session with the general. Kissinger told newsmen the two sides were approaching the halfway point toward an agreement.! He said Chehabi had authorized him to pass along the plan to the Israeli side. “The United States will continue its efforts to bring the two sides together,” the secretary told newsmen, “and it continues I to consider disengagement between Syrian and Israeli forces the primary objective to be achieved in the Middle East right now.” Kissinger, who saw Chehabi three times, added: “I believe the talks we had here this weekend have furthered this, effort.” The secretary also discussed the prospects for disengagement with Egyptian Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmy and over lunch with Soviet Foreign Minister Grom\ ko. Kissinger, Chehabi and Fahmy all beamed smiles at newsmen in the state department lobby and spoke optimistically. “The emissary from Syria and I had extensive talks,” Kissinger said. “I presented the ideas that were brought here by Gen. Dayan and we received some detailed Syrian ideas on how' to advance the disengagement of forces. “Very Friendly” “I consider the talks to have been very useful. They were conducted in a very friendly and very constructive atmosphere.” Chehabi. in Arabic, said he agreed with Kissinger’s description of their conversations. “I would like to express great appreciation for the secretary’s efforts to bring about a just and durable peace in the area,” the Syrian genera! added. Fahmy joked with reporters as he left the state department after a separate half-hour meeting with Kissinger. Their discussions will be continued at dinner in New York Monday night. Kissinger will address the U.N General Assembly earlier in the daw Israeli Warplanes Arabs on Golan Front By United Press International Israeli warplanes flew In New York, the U.N. Sat-aj urday called an urgent meeting strikes Saturday against Syrian thf Sfurit>' <*un,cU f°r Mo"' forces that punched through the,da>’10 dls,ckuss ^KIsraeh ralds Golan heights cease-fire lines'•ns'd<‘. southern Lebanon. near strategic Mount Hermon. A L V    sald    Lcb‘ the Tel Aviv military command an°" re<’aef!ed ,hc "f •j    *    Davan    told newsmen that com mando “operation was not for The command ;-aid the air at- qle purpose of revenge. We tacks came alter the Syrians vvan^ citizens of southern tired surface-to-air missiles lebanon to go to the govern-(SAMs) at Israeli patrol planes mcnl 0f Lebanon today and tell over the heights, the first time it they cannot live there if the the Syrians have used the weap- terrorists are not dealt with, ons since the October war. Israel Denies “If the citizens of Qiryat She-mona cannot live peaceful and normal lives then the citizens of In Damascus, a military com-    Lebanon    will not be    able    to live |munique said Syrian defense    peaceful    and    normal    lives    ei- 1 units shot down three and possi-    thor.” he    said bly four Israeli warplanes. The    Davan    said    th Good Health, Children's Home Share $2,000 Gift Hanford Post No. 5 of (he Previously reported $ 2,934.79 American Legion has given al* edar RaP«ds Tourist : $2,000 gilt to be shared by the club nu,, . „ cr..    1,1 memory of Mary ,Childrens Home of Cedar Hap- Kr|ckson from ids and (amp Good Heatlh. hrunner Music Co. Camp Good Health, which is employes (located on old highway 30 east Bernice Pratt, King’s (of its junction with highway 13. Dauffh*ers tirt,e j is operated by the Children’s I Home. Camp Good Health's share of the gift was directed to the general fund and will be used to •remodel the kitchen. Funds to operate the camp, 25.00 20.00 In memory of Joseph I'. Dostal, jr., and E d w i n V. Zahorik from Vernon Village NI N B friends. I* a t Jennings, I) o n n a Hudson and Marsa la.OO 15.00 • Israelis denied the reports. Syrian and Israeli forces also traded artillery and tank fire on the heights for the 33rd consecutive day. The Tel Aviv command an nounccd early Saturday that crack commando units had attacked a cluster of villages and blown up buildings in southern Lebanon The Israeli raids on the six villages came less than 48 hours after an Arab “suicide squad” struck into the nearby Israeli border village of Qiryat She-mona, killing 16 residents and two security officers. The three Arab attackers later died in an explosion. Jerusalem has blamed Lebanon for the suicide attack, claiming Beirut gives sanctuary to the guerillas. Destroyed, Deserted “If the Lebanese government will allow terrorist headquarters to enjoy their freedom and convenience in Beirut and at night they will cross the border into Israel, I think that eventually a, good part of Lebanon will be destroyed and deserted.” Dayan! said following Saturday’s raids IO Lebanese Todays Index SECTION A Late News I, J, ?! Deaths 3 Accent On Youth 7 Editorials 8 9 Report Card IS City Hall Notes ll SECTION B Iowa News MS Television Table Frank Nye's Political Notes S Political Calendar IO Mar,on I? Food 13 Movies .. 14-15 Record Reviews 14 Farm 14-17 SECTION C Social 1-22 Around the Town 2 New Books 2 Travel .. _____ 21 SECTION D Sports .. .. 1-7 Outdoor Iowa 6 Financial I 19 New York Stocks 8 Want Ads 11-20 Crossword ................. 14 SECTION E Home Planning 1-20 SECTION F Furnishings, Gardening 1-20 Parade Magazine ........... - ■■............ .............. 124 I ;

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