Low Resolution Image: Become a member to access this full resolution image at 375% higher quality.

OCR Text

Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa IO The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Man., Apr. 8. 1S74 Grain Reserve: Hottest Farm Topic By Seth S. King New York Times News Service WASHINGTON - Should the United States, in bumper crop years, stockpile wheat, feed grains and soybeans as insurance, in poor crop years, against famine abroad and skyrocketing grain prices at home? Or are these questions largely academic this year. when there may be hardly enough grain left over to satisfy the demands of a world population 50 percent larger than 20 years ago, let alone establish a reserve? Only .Argument The great debate over a grain reserve began anew recently when a senate agricultural subcommittee again took up the matter. With grain farmers making more money than ever before and concerned in the main w ith finding enough fuel and fertilizer to plant some of the largest crops since World war II, the creation of a new grain reserve was the only farm policy argument this year. Government-owned stock piles of grains quickly become potent factors in the world market. When supplies are low because of crop failures and world demand pushes prices up, a reserve hangs over the market. Grain buyers know that if prices go high enough, the government will sell from the reserve and bring prices down. This, in theory, benefits the consumer. But    in years when surpluses accumulate and prices slide, the government would be required to buy for the reserve. This would raise market prices and benefit the grain farmers. Taxpayers Pay Also, when a reserve accumulates, the taxpayers must pay the storage costs. In the 1950's, when American farmers produced huge surpluses, storage costs ran as much as a million dollars a day. Memories of the days w hen farmers had to turn over most of their crops to the government through the price support program are still painfully fresh. But today there are no price-depressing surpluses, and the price support loans have been ended. Virtually all of the bumper American grain crops grown since 1972 have been consumed in the United States or sold abroad and grain prices are the highest in history. In the debate over a grain reserve there was no suggestion that it would be needed to prevent food shortages in the United States. This country, with its enormous farm capacity, exports — Photo by William Loti, Independence Waterloo Area 4-H Corn Winner An Independence youth, Don Toole, was cited at a corn production banquet last week as the outstanding project member in the Waterloo extension area. Toole received a recognition pin and a $ 150 scholarship from the project sponsor Phil Thyer, manager of Farm Service in Independence. With Toole, second from left, and Thyer, left, are Todies parents, Mr. and Mrs. Francis Toole. Conservationists Warn Against Burning Weeds DES MOINES (UPI) -The Iowa Conservation Commission Monday urged farmers to avoid burning of weeds wherever possible because it destroys vital wildlife cover Bob Barratt, superintendent of wildlife for the commission. said burning not only leaves a blackened scar on the landscape and damages fences, but also causes weed seeds to sprout quicker In addition, Barratt pointed out that burning roadside didies is against state air pollution regulations and forces wildlife to seek other nesting sites. Young animals such as rabbits are often destroyed, he said. “Early spring is a critical time, when every bit of habitat is needed for nesting cover,” Barratt said. “We urge landowners to protect these areas until mid-July when the major hatching period for most ground nesting game birds has ended.” Iowa, Illinois Leaders In Hail Insurance C-O-M-I-NG FARM AUCTIONS Ai Preciously Advertised Ii The G alette Farm Pages DES MOINES (AP) -Iowa and Illinois farmers led the nation in insuring their growing crops against hailstorms last year, a Crop Insurance Research Bureau official has reported. Glenn Wistey of Des Moines, president of the bureau, said Monday that farmers in the two states collected 40 percent of the $100,455,023 paid out in indemnities nationally by mutual and stock companies in 48 state's The bureau’s 35 mutual companies write crop hail protection principally on wheat, corn, soybeans, cotton and tobacco. They also insure grain sorghum, small grains, tree fruits, canning and seed crops, sugar cane and sugar beets. Wistey said approximately 75 percent of the $191,310,929 of crop hail premium w ritten in 1973 was in the Midwest, with Iowa and Illinois ranking first and second respectively. Iowa farmers paid $37,518,393 in premiums last year, while losses amounted to $18,412,299. Illinois farmers paid $23,751,469 in premiums and collected $21,754,263 in losses. Minnesota ranked third, followed by Kansas and Nebraska Premiums paid by Minnesota farmers totaled $15,593,021, Kansas farmers paid $13,100,817 and Nebraska farmers paid '$12,968,008. Losses in 1973 for the three states were Minnesota $8,290,557, Kansas $3,109,918 and Nebraska $4,554,921. A two-day crop hail conference opened Thursday in Des Moines. Manchester FFA Names Outstanding Parents, Students MANCHESTER - Dave Klein was named star green-hand and Randy Maurer was named star chapter farmer by ■ the Manchester Future Farmers of America (FFA) chapter last week. Mr. and Mrs. Otto Bries of Manchester were honored as t h e chapter’s outstanding parents, and Muriel Maurer of Manchester was named the chapter’s outstanding Dad. Three were named honorary members of the Manchester FTA chapter, including Marvin Brandts, Leslie Gibbs and Larry Woellert, all of Manchester. Proficiency awards were presented: Farm mechanics, David Broghammer; Ed Kike; dairy, Brock Hermann; swine, Duane Drees; poultry, Steve Quint; soils, Dave Garner; home improvement, Steve Wulfekuhle; and public speaking, Brad Kirmnerle and Randy Marquardt. Iowa City Has First Acre Day IOWA CITY - A special ceremony to make the initial field work on the Johnson county standard soil survey will be held Thursday, April 18, at 1:30 p.m. It will be at the Hi-Pomt Golf Course just cast of Iowa City off the West Branch local road. The Standard Soil Survey will be made on every acre of land in Johnson county by soil scientists from the Soil Conservation Commission. The cost of making the survey will be shared by federal, state and county governments. Representatives from the Johnson county board of supervisors, Iowa State Experiment Station, State Department of Soil Conservation, and the USDA Soil Conservation Service will participate in the ceremony. .They will be at a similar ceremony in Cedar county earlier in the day marking the last acre to be surveyed in that county. Soil scientists will show how the survey will be conducted. Various uses for the completed survey, such as land valuation, farm planning, soil testing and construction will be explained. The American farmer receives less protection from imports than do the farmers of most other countries. from 20 to 50 percent of its grain crops. Limit Exports The government could always insure enough food for Americans simply by limiting exports. But without a grain reserve, poor countries could go hungry in years of drought and crop failure. Before the senate’s subcommittee was a bill by Sen. Hubert Humphrey, joined by seven other Democrats and a Republican, that would require the agriculture secretary to buy stocks of wheat, corn, grain sorghum, barley, oats, rye and soybeans when the “carryover” — the amount .of these crops left over at the end of a crop year — reached specified levels. Price Stabilizer “No country can afford to be without a grain reserve, even the United States,” Humphrey said last week. “The hungry people in the world need the security of a reserve in the years when their crops fail. We must get a stored supply here so the United States can remain a reliable exporter. “The American farmers are entitled to a price stabilizing reserve when there are surpluses. And the consumer is entitled to protection against the skyrocketing grain prices that are inflating our food costs.” Humphrey said the bill’s triggering levels for government purchases, as well as the price levels at which the government could buy, were “negotiable.” The carryover of wheat and corn from the 1973-74 crops is already below the required acquisition levels in his bill. But the prices are too high for the agriculture secretary to act. Difficult To Start “It would be very difficult in the immediate future to start another reserve,” Humphrey conceded. “But Mr. Butz is forecasting record corn and wheat crops this fall. If he’s right, we could start building reserves next year." Under the existing law the agriculture secretary has the authority to purchase grains or acquire them through crop loans when the market plunges. The commerce secretary also has the authority now to license or ban exports should American supplies drop Uh) far. But Senator Humphrey said there was nothing now to make these steps mandatory. He also contended that export regulations were so loosely drawn now that all they required was the reporting of exports, which could be out of the United States before it was known they were gone. Farmers Opposed Many of the larger farm organizations are opposed, at least in this year of soaring prices, to any large-scale grain stockpiling by the government. At its recent meeting in Omaha, the National Assn. of Wheat Growers was finally able to agree only on a resolution directing the organization’s national board to keep watch on the question. But such nongovernmental organizations as the National Planning Assn , the Overseas Development Council, and the Brookings Institution, have been urging an American grain reserve and the participation of the United States in an international stockpiling program. ^redries(tov, April It: Sat*, ll a rn., moch, Holsteins Steve Tudeen, Vs* ml E at Whittier Thursday, April ll: Close out sale, I! o.m., mach, dairy cattle, Gene Grimm, 2 ml NW of Earlville Saturday. April I): Sale, I p rn , hi}, poods, Loren (Ike) Power, Ports. Close oat sale, ll a m , mach, an Ho aes, Alvin Prater, I '/* ml SE of Ontord Auction, I p.m., mach., C W. Wei serf, S V? mi. NW of Urbana Sale, modi., misc , John Zieser, Waiter Sale. I pm., hh goods, Mrs. Ralph Pearson, Whittler. Friday, April I*: Close out sole, ll a m., mach . cattle. Rome Shover, 3 i« ml. NE of Central City Auction, IO a.m., modi., Jock Schroder, New London. Saturday. April It Close out sole. ll 30 a.m, cows, mach, hh. poods. Norman Oater, I ml. NW of Center Point / \ Keep comfortable... RUSCO WINDOWS A DOORS Order Now I 364-0295 SIS Sib Av*. Si Free Checking! GUARANTY SANK 3rd St. & 3rd Ave. Downtown    1819 42nd St. NE 191 Jocolyn Dr. NW Advised Phosphorus Reduction In Feeds Could Ease Shortage By Don Kendall WASHINGTON (AP) - A severe shortage of phosphorus, a trace element essential in livestock feed, could be eased substantially if feed manufacturers and farmers follow new recommendations by scientists, says the agriculture department. The report was presented this week by a National Research Council task force which had been requested by USDA to study the feed phosphorus situation. In its 36-page report, the panel included recommendations for phosphorus dietary levels for beef and dairy cattle, horses, poultry, sheep and swine. Deficiencies Deficiences of phosphorus in feed can cause a variety of symptoms in livestock, depending on development, ranging from loss of appetite to death. “The task force believes that most of the feed industry is adding phosphorus at levels above those recom- Tanm Nawi mended by NRC,” the report said. “In most instances, a decrease in phosphorus use to comply with NRC recommendations would help meet the phosphorus shortage.” Panel members said U.S. animal and poultry Area 4-H Members Seek State Offices IOWA CITY - Three Cedar Rapids extension area 4-H members have been named candidates for state 4-H office. They are Jom Bicknese, Joni Bicknese Kirk Weih HPS*' A ) Debbie Whitworth 16, of Oxford Junction, Debbie Whitworth. 18, of Blairstown, and Kirk Weih, 18, of Tipton. Dennis Hansen, 17, of Oxford Junction was named an alternate. All four candidates have been involved in junior leadership projects. Miss Bicknese and Weih are members of the state 4-H council. Eight other candidates who interviewed for state posts included: Loren Jackson, Mechanicsville; Kevin Robinson. Newhall; Janice Christensen and Brad Novak, both of Marion; Jeff Temple. Keota; Cathy Walker, Washington; Birkie Hahn, Solon, and Becky Carson, Iowa City. Members of the interview committee* included Mrs Margaret Hora, West Branch; Mrs. Jerry Goldsmith, Clarence; Mrs. Katherine Mineart, Washington; Ken Becker, Newhall; Dave Kors-lund and Mike Stewart, students at Cornell college in Vlt. Vernon. producers at current rates need about 1.6 million tons of phosphorus annually. But the supply this year is only 1.3 million, a deficit of nearly 20 percent. Factors A number of factors were cited for the shortage: Requirements have soared from 340,000 tons a year in 1951 to the current level and to an estimated 1.8 million needed by 1975. Therefore, the report said, present production capacity will not meet demands. Some phosphoric sold normally used for feed has been diverted to fertilizer use; and imports have been reduced because of “more lucrative markets” in other countries. Fish meal imports, another source of phosphorus for feed, also have been cut. Shortages of gas, oil, electricity, rail cars and other transportation also have affected phosphorus output. “It is estimated that the present phosphorus shortage will continue for at least six months and more likely for 18 to 24 months,” the report said. Margins Widen On Sheep, Too WASHINGTON (UPI) -Beef and pork are not the only meats on which the margin between farm and consumer    prices    has widened in the last year, a spokesman    for    sheep producers says. Edwin E. March, secretary of the National Wool Growers Assn., told a house subcommittee last week the farm-to-retail price gap also widened for lamb last year. At the end of 1973, Marsh testified, the farm price of live lambs at San Angelo, Texas, was up 7 4 percent from the previous January DR. CRAVEN DENTIST WlACTICf UM ire D TO DENTURE WORK I 13 I it J vc St. Cedar Rop*di, lo Dei Mom** • Motor) Oily S'Oui City Shop Tonight (Monday) Until 9 p.m. Make Becker’s-Peoples Your Headquarters For MAYTAG Automatic WISHERS! DRYERS! Extra Big Trade-in For your Old Washer EASY TERMS Arranged In Just 3 Minutes Flat M. R. (Marty) Smith Appliance Manager Bit Capacity MITTAG WASHER • Famous Wash. powtr mashing ot ton • Under water lint filter with nnso Cond dispenser • Swirl-o-way dfommg action remove* sand, dirt and l>nt Hat* Of-Batt MATTAS DATER • Porceloin top and drum •’ Fait Drying at sate low temperature* • Ideal for Per mo-Pre** • Regular, Perma-Pres* and Ait-Fluff cycle* *tibric-Mehc model* MOT and D40t dryer*. MAYTAG FABRIC-MATIC DRYER Makes it a snap to care for all of today s miracle fabrics. No complicated settings! No guesswork! Dries practically anything just right. . . AUTOMATICALLY! Phone 366-2436 Easy Terms Free Delivery PEOPLES 215 First Avenue SE Factory Trained Service FURNITURE , . 1.............. ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette