Page 1 of 18 May 1950 Issue of Burlington Herald in Burlington, Iowa

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Burlington Herald (Newspaper) - May 18, 1950, Burlington, Iowa 44 the pen become a Clarion. Quot a Longfellow volume four no. 7 Burlington. Iowa thursday mat 18, 1950 five cents per copy or. Ching and the eighty nine percent pure the following statement has been excerpted from the second annual report of the Federal mediation and conciliation service. In the introduction to the report Cyrus s. Ching director of the service discusses some of the conditions which now exist in labor management relations and How hey Are related to Industrial peace an a whole. The report itself presents the statistics of mediation in labor disputes during the fiscal year 1949. The statistics serve to provide a far better picture of the real conditions of labor management relations in the country than do isolated accounts of strife As reported in the press. The Federal mediation and conciliation service participated in 15,947 cases during the fiscal year 1949. Of these 13,388, or eighty nine percent resulted in agreement Between the parties Only 810 cases did the service find it necessary to withdraw because it Felt further mediation would serve no real purpose. Considering the figures Given above or. Ching a statement carries not Only the weight of its logic but also the freight of its successful application. A the factors which shape and de Tommins the Industrial climate of the nation Are legion. Too Many people think that stability in management labor relations can be achieved merely by enacting the right kind of Law others by some special magic in the provisions of collective bar gaining contracts still others think that All it needs is Good Fellowship and calling the Man on the other Side of the table by his first name. A but just As it takes More than pills and cough drops to build a sound and healthy body which will develop a Strong immunity to disease it takes much More than Laws cleverly drafted contract provisions or other nostrums to evolve a Strong labor manage ment relationship that will protect the parties and the Public from Industrial conflict. Such relationships or course requires a proper statutory environment Well drafted agreements and a helpful social atmosphere in which Good human relations May flourish. They Are also affected by other factors frequently beyond the control of the parties themselves such As general National and International economic conditions struggles within and Between unions for jurisdiction and recognition the competitive relationship of industries and by the effectiveness of voluntary arbitration and governmental mediation facilities. Frequently the coincidence of contract reopening or terminations and Competition Between Union or management leaders results in stoppages and resort to economic Force As an alternative to peaceful collective bargaining and a cooperative accommodation of viewpoints. International political considerations particularly when unions or employers Are activated by ideological approaches to the problems of labor relations frequently produce stoppages which Are even More difficult to resolve than those in which the differences relate to economic matters. A in Short Industrial conflict is the product of Many causes and a program to eliminate or minimize such conflict must proceed not on one but on Many fronts. This conclusion May seen to self evident to deserve discussion in an annual report but i am convinced that it is a homely truth which is insufficiently appreciated by toe Many people. Reliance on a Panacea is dangerous because if that Panacea does not cure the evil desperate Steps leading to restrictions 6n precious freedoms May be resorted to As the alternative. A More than anything else Good Industrial relations depend on the development in management and Union people of responsibility and restraint. There is no Royal or easy Road to that achievement. Responsibility and restraint grow out of Mutual experience Mutual acceptance and respect and a common Resolution to make the relationship work. An indispensable ingredient of a Good relationship of course is Security. This Means More than Mere recognition of the right of the other fellow to sit at the conference table it requires full acceptance of his right to talk for his principals. An employer who is fearful of Union encroachments on his duty and right to manage and a Union officer who fears 4 that management threatens the existence and the integrity of the Union Are not like to develop such a relationship. A an Industrial Enterprise exists to earn profits by furnishing goods or services at the lowest possible Cost consistent with the efficiency necessary to attain High of worker productivity. These ends cannot be achieved without establishing the it est possible employee relations. This Means among other things an understanding of the economic and social needs of the workers and the political problems of their representatives. A labor Union exists to Advance the economic and social standards of its members to the greatest possible extent consistent with the Success of the Industrial Enterprise which must provide jobs for its members. These ends cannot be achieved without Union understanding of the problems of management and an accommodation of Union aspirations to the economic facts facing the Enterprise. Collective bargaining aided by mediation where desirable is the procedure of reconciling conflicts of interest and arriving voluntarily at agreements which will assure the maximum of benefits to both parties with a minimum of detriment to each. The fact that Many employers and unions have not yet reached that stage of human relations or have not yet developed those skills and arts which would enable them to make collective bargaining work does not detract from the magnificent and largely unpublicized advances which have been made. A we live in a democracy. Our democratic ideals and practices apply to our Industrial As Well As to our political institutions. Under a free democratic system we shall continue to have strikes lock outs and labor management disturbances. They Are the Price we pay for our freedoms. Those freedoms can be retained and their Price lowered Only by unremitting efforts by ally particularly management and Union leaders and government representatives to improve human relations in Industry and to promote those practices which result Iatha a Mostoff Active # j9qllective bargaining. A am convinced that great strides Are being made toward this paint passion and Popcorn this As written for those people in our Community who did t weaken before temptation and see a the that includes us. For three years now we be been Reading in newspapers magazines and on billboards about the a most censored pictures of recent years. A the most controversial picture a the most a talked about picture the a a most picture of the decade which decade. At Long last it came to town Complete with lurid billboards and newspaper ads a a let me go Billy a a and sly winks on the part of Pool shooters. We be been guilty at times of sly winks ourselves. We be commented occasionally on the signal attraction of the picture As lucidly As anyone else and that includes some of the most austere people. But we did t go to see it. After All we thought after years of Reading about it hearing about a it and talking about it How could it possibly be anything like the idea we have of it Jane Russell has been photographed in three or four poses so Many times we be come to believe she can t adjust herself to a Normal position and to see her in the same familiar poses on the Loo for your mob Scon the ads ears Tauy. Ii you find your name flood address. Eup to and and Call at Taco Hebald of trios for s file to cots to any show not Wook at Tbs palaces Palace saturday to wednesday May 2994 a a cheaper by the dozen a in technicolor with Clifton Webb Jeanne Crain Myrna Loy. Thursday to saturday May 25-27�?�?~�?~the heiress a starring Olivia dehavilland Montgomery Clift. Screen would add nothing to our idea of what she really looks like. It might be that we did t go because it seemed so vital that we do go. A picture that has been banned for three years certainly ought to be required entertainment for movie reviewers even those who do it for love. But it Felt like somebody was twisting our Arm. The Advertis ing had reached the Point of saturation. We decided to be among the hard bitten prudish Dull and obstinate few who would t pay sixty cents to see Jane Russell wrestle with Billy the kid. A so that was that. Now in the future when people ask us a remember in the outlaw. A Well be Able to say a a did t see people will ask incredulously of course a Why not a a a did t care a a did t care to a a not a Are you dead or something a Only slightly we Hope. But life should t hinge on missing a motion picture even if it happens to be a Good one. We be met an individual or two who chanced to pass up a fall the Kings men a but they seem to be surviving in spite of their ignorance. % we were going to see a Chain lightning find comment on that this week but we went past the Palace a Day of so before the picture arrived and saw in the lobby a coming thursday. Chain lightning. With that Bogart kind of Romance a much As we be admired or. Bogart a efficiency at subduing recalcitrant for the first few minutes ladies we balk at having to think of his Success As the result of a style. It sounds As though All that was required of or. Bogart was a Little practise. The bugs bothering you notes on the wirework Scourge the office of information of the department of agriculture s list number five of a popular publications for the Farmer and homemaker should intrigue All those who class themselves Farmers or homemakers and anyone else with an interest in publications of interest to Farmers and homemakers. Well mention a few Here and if you want the full list that is if we Spur your interest in farming and homemaking you can get a copy by writing to the office of information of the department of agriculture Washington 25, d. C. Well leave it you to make out your own order Blank. Among the various publications available that should interest the Farmer is f944, a pamphlet dealing with the control of the Garden webworm in Alfalfa Fields. There is another pamphlet regarding Alfalfa that should be carefully studied entitled a the potato leafhopper a pest of Alfalfa in Eastern Catalon number l299. For Bee lovers the department has whipped up a entrancing Booklet on a the treatment of american foul Brood a whatever that might be. F1713. Publication f1487, of interest to architects and others concerned with american building is titled a practical hog under the heading a cattle diseases and insects a we find listed f 980 a the Spinoso ear tick and methods of treating infested animals a a a Hemorrhagic septicaemia shipping fever of cattle a a Blackleg its nature cause and prevention a and a delicate sounding Little item called simply a warts on under a Clover a going through this thing alphabetically f971 is concerned with a the control of the Clover Flower under a scorn a we find f875�? a the rough headed Corn stalk Bettle in Southern states and its not Corn stalk Beetle either. Corn stalk Beetle. Mention is made of the a a Sand wire worm l225an evidently pernicious Rascal since it appears also under the general heading for those without a steady source of income we might suggest they try a harvesting pyrethrum a or perhaps doing research on a Ginseng culture refers to some Oriental people no doubt. The bugs Are what fascinate us most and a be note that the department has booklets available on Leaf cutting wits of Texas Bill bugs Weevils armyworms and mormon crickets. There is information regarding the control of the Black Hills Beetle and Luctus powder Post beetles As Well As data concerning restraint of the Eastern tent Caterpillar. The Spruce Bud worm land slugs Raisin Moths beet Leaf hoppers european Corn borers Pepper Weevils mole crickets and Goat lice. The hessian Fly As Well is marked for destruction if people will Only cooperate and find out what it is. The Sand wirework mentioned earlier has a relation in the great Basin wirework but is not As far As we know a member of the same family As the mealworm. Horse bots Are another source of irritation with which we were not familiar but we assume they can be As troublesome and painful As Spinoso ear ticks which we mentioned earlier in this recitation. To show that we re not Alto Gether obsessed with insects Well mention some booklets that Are listed under Squab raising Duck raising Goose raising Turkey raising and controlling tapeworms in poultry. Can t seem to get away from it Booklet f1730 seems a trifle unnecessary considering what we be heard about them a called a Rabbit we d always been told All one had to do was to leave it to the rabbits. While. The rabbits Are Busy Well read up on Sweet potato Weevils tobacco Bud Worms and wheat by Robert Payton use Jim a a. A vote continues to be More important than a in an article in the Herald last week there was mentioned a Man who made pipes Fine carved pipes As a heirlooms of the it seems that the Good old american custom of pipe carving has been in the hands of Fum ners Ever since sir Walter first took a pipe Back to England with him to impress the Queen. Now a few determined patriots Are rallying around to bring the Art Back to the Usa. The indians were the first pipe smokers according to records you see and if we re going to protect and defend our Indian heritage it is up to us to Settle Down to some vigorous pipe carving. A but that s Only incidental. The thing that really caught a a our is our the mention of the pipes becoming the a heirlooms of the the pipe Carvers Are assuming first of All that people won t have caught on by the time the pipes Are old and an to squish that pipe smoking is a vile ugly harmful Nasty brutish uncivilized habit. The pipe Carvers Are assuming that the tobacco advertisers will be Able to keep right on convincing people that tobacco is really a kind # of nourishment that it keeps one fit Alert Bright sensitive and full of zip but those Are assumptions. We think that by the time these pipes have been around Long enough to rank As heirlooms the doctors will have ordered everybody to quit smoking. A a but what will the heirlooms of the future be if they Aren t pipes Silver platters cylindrical Pickle casters with aluminium it pickles Hickok Belt buckles Esquire calendars door Chimes Ford carburettors the Man of the future is Apt to be somewhat More intelligent than the Man of the present unless the Man of Thev present turns out to be such a dunce there in t any Man of the future because there s no future. Hell hardly be interested in the same things we Are or at least in the same Way. Pipe col lectors for example would probably be of More interest to the Man of the future than pipes. Pipe Carvers like to Davidson who carved his own head on a pipe assuring his immortality a will probably not amount to much to future historians and students of ancient culture. Because of course ours will be an ancient culture by the time the future gets Here. So the Best Way to figure out what will be an heirloom is to figure out what we consider heirlooms and what the ancient cultures we know considered would turn out to be heirlooms. We re confused too so Don t feel discouraged. Did the egyptians think that the most famous thing they had for posterity would be the per a Yak Ivity Page 2�?

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