Page 1 of 25 Jan 1951 Issue of Burlington Herald in Burlington, Iowa

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Burlington Herald (Newspaper) - January 25, 1951, Burlington, Iowa A a Longfellow the pen became a Clarion five cents per copy Burlington Iowa thursday january 25, 1981 volume four now 43 monday night Means a two hours of army ave maintain. In contrast to All the publicity Given to the local Navy air i Force and army Reserve units the recruiting offices of the various services and the draft Board Burlington a National guard unit has been generally overlooked. I the importance of the a i Tamal guard As a whole of i course is Seldom recognized in Al til people begin to realize what i a substantial part of our Mili i tary strength it provides. As i the guard is composed of Small i units attached to larger ones h scattered throughout the coun leg try i is difficult to grasp the potential effectiveness of the guard organization. I the 118th antiaircraft artillery automatic weapons battalion self propelled with its Headquarters and Headquarters Battery stationed in Burlington is a Good example of what we mean. The unit regularly training at National guard armory com-1 guardsmen the building on the lower East Side address a United nations new York troops subject to Call to Active duty at any time. The Call to Active duty although providing a degree of uncertainty and tension is no More a sure thing than anything else these Days. It depends on too Many things altogether out of the hands of sergeants and privates. So for two hours each monday night the 113th simply trains and keeps its mind on its business. Stepping into the armory on a monday night is kind of a Shock for anyone still harbouring ideas in uniform again. A a Back in the service of his country Gen. Dwight Eisenhower has arrived in France to command Atlantic pact a Fence forma. A heralds Square we determined last week to give this column another name and have been hashing Over a few our mind since then. We in about the guard being a senior boy for two hours a week in other words these men Lare in the army. I for a Good Many of them be-1 Ling in the army Isnit a new sex 1 her hence. Among the men serv Ling with the units at the armory i Hare for example m sgt. John a a Mccartney who came Home 1 thought of a we the people speak a and a the voice of America a but a Friend of ours tells us somebody is using those. Our wife commented that the initials p. W. C. Of a., representing and wandering col United nations new York a this dateline is now the official address of the United nations. The vast majority of 3,-300 staff members have already moved from the converted factory at Lake Success to the permanent Headquarters in the Turtle Bay area along the East River new York. The permanent Headquarters occupies 17 acres Between first Avenue and East River drive bounded on the South by East 42nd Street and on the North by East 48th Street. A United nations new York a became the official address for . Early this month when a United states Post office station was opened on the first basement level of the secretariat building. This station offers All Normal Post office facilities including the Sale of Stamps stamped envelops postal notes parcel Post and Domestic and International Money orders. In addition it handles All official and non official . Mail. All outgoing mail is postmarked a United nations new settling Down to work in the a pretentious Lection of a Ivinity a would be a. Skyscraper office building prop Riate but after spending p three Days in the cellar she i <�9 a tones on Manhattan s East changed her mind. A Iroku Tbs lae Iwar witha service Cross and a i bind with the four other Bat-1 teries represent an Organiza-1 ton that could whip up an cz-1 Tremley potent storm�?4n terms a of firepower the battalion s 84 40mm automatic Cannon could throw fifteen Toosi of ammunition per minute and its 128 50-calibre machine guns i could pour out Lead at the rate of 040,000 rounds per Minte. The Bare figures of the units firepower Are magnified when one considers the units name. The 40mm guns Are mounted on tanks the 50-calibre machine guns on i half tracks a and therein lies the reason for the a self propelled tacked onto the units title. The battalions four batteries Are located at Washington mount pleasant Oskaloosa and Ottumwa and Are the units which Are trained to operate the guns. The units at. The armory in Burlington provide the men who equip Supply and provide communications for tie other batteries i the 113th, in turn is attach-1 de to the 84th infantry Divi-1 Sion Iowa and Nebraska san i Tamal guard division. Where Ini the past antiaircraft units have i not Bech attached to infantry divisions a change in Organiza-1 Tion has Given each infantry division artillery support it can take right along with it. I ting isl Silver Star and Captain Gideon Wick of fort Madison who Isis the Only chaplain to win a Sil-1 ver Star we be Ever heard of. A number of the non coms and officers served with the 113th when it was a mechanized Cav is a airy unit in Europe and the number of medals and the length of combat time is impressive indeed. As for the As yet und rafted i the 113th May be an answer. Any i one Between the Ages of 17 Andl 35, without prior service can join the outfit with prior service the age limit is boosted providing the been notified to report for his induction physical. Simple draft classification does not prevent joining the National guard As is the Case with those considering enlistment in the regular army Navy or what have january is is we thought of a Over the coffees and a under the sky a a a Linotype Quot or two and a Washington merry go round a but none of those suited us. We wanted something Clever Subtle witty and unusual like a a pop a Vox maybe. We went Down to the Library and spent Long hours searching through a dictionary of Apt expressions and shrewd phrases and found nothing. O Side Marks the end of a roving existence for . Which began five years ago when the first general Assembly session opened in London scentral Hall Westminster with the . International secretariat occupying offices in Church House. From London the organization moved to Hunter College in the Bronx new York and later to the temporary head quarters at Lake Success. Actual construction of the per manent Headquarters began on 14 september 1948/ by july 1950 workmen were putting the finishing touches on the 39-Story secretariat building and the following month a Vanguard of 700 staff members moved into offices in the lower floors. Offices Are now available for the entire present you in peacetime of course t h e guard s activities Are mostly limited to disaster service and a Civi disturbance duty whatever i might be. But this Isnit what could be accurately called a peacetime a and the los the a training is heavily shadowed by the threat o1 War. ,. Avau Adie for was Cumo we asked a Friend and be said n secretariat and with expanse City a just decided do Sion possibilities the by gilding can something about improving train accommodate 4,000 persons collection Why done to you tie that i in a a if you re of an age when the a activities of the draft Board Dee Termine your blood pressure i we suggest you go out and find a out for yourself what the Guardi a is what it does and what Iti a Means to be a guardsman. I i wed almost guarantee you la come away with the same impress Ision we did that the 113th, and the National guard As a whole Are serious outfits in a serious time and vastly underrated. A this is the first of two articles on the 113th.�?editor. A Well would you a a there is an atmosphere about the 118th that strums us As highly reminiscent of the wartime army and we suspect it is an atmosphere that is hard to spa Iatala when the threat of War is either altogether absent or at least Distant. The training sad activity now is dead l Lassa far the men of the unit a a i they represent trained we altered the title of Max Shulmann a Book a the Feather merchants to read a the blather merchant we changed h. Allen Smiths Book to a lost in the horse platitudes we changed Harry Overstreet a title to read a the immature mind and threw it out before the Wise Guys had a crack at it we even considered trying to work in the name of Caliban but it sounded familiar. It occurred to us that a happenings along Catfish Bend might be an Eye Catcher but whoever heard of Catfish Bend and what if nothing happened v meanwhile work is going ahead on the general Assembly Hall and the meeting Hall area n o w n As the conference area which will House the Security Council the trusteeship Council and the economic and social Council. The conference area lying Low along the East River and connected by passageways to the Assembly and secretariat buildings will aim provide conference and committee rooms As Well As restaurants lounges galleries for the general Public and working space for the press. The conference area Structure will be completed by the end of june when All space at Lake Success will be Given up. Decision to locate the . Headquarters in the United states rounding out of the site through the donation of City property. The necessary arrangements were made with new Yore City and the . Secretary general appointed an eminent american architect Wallace k. Harrison to supervise the architectural design and site development plans in co a operation with an International Board of consultants. Functional considerations restricted the architects in deter Ming the nature of the buildings to be erected. On a site of 17 acres space had to be gained by height. But if More than one tall building were constructed natural Light would be shut off and time wasting travel would be necessary. Accordingly it was agreed to build one tall narrow building which would give out Side office space to the maximum number of persons. Plans for this Structure together with those of the general Assembly Hall and the conference area were approved in 1947 by the general Assembly. The Secretary general was authorized to negotiate and conclude an interest free loan agreement with the . Government for $65,000,-000 to finance the project. On 11 August 1948 the loan agreement was approved by the . Congress and signed by the president and actual construction started a month later. Aluminium Glass and Marble were used exclusively on the sex terror facings of the secretariat building. The wide East West facades Rise 544 feet above the Street level and Blue Green Glass surfaces unbroken by conventional setbacks present an Overall Grid pattern. The windowless North South ends of the building Are faced with 2,000 tons of Vermont Marble. These narrow 72 feet White shafts give a monumental aspect to the otherwise completely functional building. The general Assembly Hall will occupy the Center and most prominent part of the site and will provide a meeting place for the regular and special sessions of the Assembly and May be used at other times for conferences of the . Specialised agencies. It will have a seating capacity of about 2jm persons and will be completed by the summer of 1952, about a year after the meeting area is finished. Plans for a building to accommodate delegation offices and some specialized agencies have not yet been drawn but the general Assembly has instructed the Secretary general to present to the next session plans for the financing and construction of such a building. 4$j then we realized that it did no to was made by the first session o make much difference what sort the general Assembly in London of title we put on it since Well in 1946, after the Congress of the a probably get tired of it and United states on 10 december change it again after while any 1946, had unanimous y resolved a Way 0 to invite . To establish its per just like automobile grills Only manent Home in this country. Cheaper. During 1946, three different committees considered and in outside Washington _ vol m invest Ftp in the spec ted various Sites which had it pays to a Vii toe m the offered particularly those in Burlington Herald now a Bogon it Philadelphia san fran a a i c March Mobe than Ever. Dimes Uselle Limays. A a. Doing a of the old league of nations Aughter be required Reading in some Cisco and the metropolitan area of new York. In the fall of that year the general Assembly acl Cepter an offer of $8,500,000 fori Purchase of the present manhat i tan site made by John d. Rockefeller jr., on condition that the City of new York fulfil certain i requirements with respect to the one thing about being outside Washington is that its a lot easier than being inside Washington. We can write All the letters we please and say pretty much what we want to and when we make a pronouncement on foreign policy Europe a capitals done to tremble. Nobody trembles for that matter. A if congressmen keep talking about what the presidents constitutional rights Are some Young men of draft age Are going to Start snooping around to see what Congress rights Are. 0 0 0 general Hershey a a comment that 18-year-old males have a a mortgage on them sounds like the old boys beginning to have fun at his Job. His further comment that if a outside Washington Page 8�?

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