Boston Weekly Globe in Boston, Massachusetts
12 May 1891

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Boston Weekly Globe in Boston, Massachusetts
12 May 1891

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Boston Weekly Globe (Newspaper) - May 12, 1891, Boston, Massachusetts Your family needs the weekly Globe. It will pay you handsomely to renew. In Berk to of will pay you Finis comply to renew. Your family needs the weekly Globe. Vol. Xix no. 19.Boston. Tuesday morning. May 12, 1891. Price five cents. Tore Money than a Bank Sikand can put his hand on it any minute. Stall Sage has few clerks and uses an old fashioned desk. Quot when Gould is away lunches on apples and a Sandwich. New York May 9.�?As a Rule Russell Bago keeps More Money on hand than any Bank in new York. To is Worth All told #50.000,000. Probably no individual in the world has so much Money at constant command. He can on an hours notice produce #10,000,000 in Cash. As a matter of fact he could if necessary deliver the Money in to minutes. Ilia principal business is Money lending and that is Why he has so much within reach All the time. Or. Sage has unpretentious though pleasant to dices at the Comer of Broadway and Hector St. His windows look out upon the ancient slabs of Trinity churchyard. He a has need of but few clerks As he personally a looks after his own affairs even in the smallest details. He is at his Tolice by 9.30 of clock in the morning and it is 4 or later a before he leaves it in the afternoon. I or. Sage does not need his Money in his a Alce. It is on Deposit subject to Check in various Banks and Trust companies. By distributing his Money among a number of concerns his chances of loss Are reduced and an unusual Drain on any one Hank or Trust company is obviated. If or. Sage were to put All his Money in one Bank his drafts against it for Loans would make such heavy fluctuations in its weekly statement of deposits that it might excite the suspicion that there had been a run on the Bank for another thing by doing business with w single Hank or. Bago would disclose the extent of his transactions Aud that would hot be a Wise thing to do. Financial operations must be conducted with secrecy in order to maintain credit. Men Worth millions Are often compelled to borrow Money by reason of their own funds being locked up in investments. If it were known that they were borrowers their competitors in business or in financial operations would take advantage of the knowledge. The responsibility of the borrowers might be assailed with seeming warrant Ana great loss and possibly in some cases bankruptcy might follow. There was an instance a very recently where an extensive manufacturing concern had occasion to borrow #1.200,000. The concern made out 12 notes for #100,000 each. Or. Sage discounted three of these notes. The concern or. Sage knew to be perfectly solvent but he applied business principles in this Case As in All others and refused to take More of the notes. It is a favorite piece of advice of ids not to put All your eggs in one Basket. Or. Sage makes no Loans unless collateral is Fum sned. He takes a note As the evidence of debt. It is what is called an Quot Iron Clad Quot note which gives him the Power to sell out the collateral when the loan is called if it is a Call loan and it is not paid or when it Falls duo if it is a time note. It is Tho same form of note As is used by the Hanks in Wall St., Whoso chief business is in loaning on stocks mid Bonds and is considered the Only Safe one. Or. Sage conducts ins vast dealings in Money wholly on an old fashioned Flat top desk. To Tho observer this desk appears in the wildest confusion. It is piled High with papers and the drawers Are also bulging wit i letters and documents. Inextricable As the mass seems air. Sage can instantly put his Bandon any paper in it that he desires. To Bim the order is perfect. He has a habit of keeping letters in the envelopes in which they were received. It is remarkable How lie is Able to instantly select the one he requires from among a Hundred or morn. He is a very methodical Man. He has a place for everything and his memory is so wonderful that he never forgets where to puts a thing. About All that his clerks have to do i3 to keep his books make his deposits in the Banks and Curry his securities Back and Forth Between his office Ana the vaults of Tho Safe Deposit Cia Nanies. Where or. Sage a an advantage Over a Bank is in being Able to obtain interest on his Money at All times. Whether lying in the Banks or advanced on notes it is earning a percentage. Jay Gould Calls or. Sage Tho wheel horse of finance. There is not a More solid Anan-1 Cier in new York or anywhere else As tar As that goes. His Money has undoubtedly More i than once averted serious financial trouble. There Are times when Money cannot be obtained in Large amounts even with the Best Security. In emergencies like these or. Sage has come Forward and done what the Banks could not do. Or. Sage s Money did a great Deal toward relieving the panic of november last when the Banks wore obliged to refuse Aid on account of their depleted deposits. When or. Gould was speculating on an extensive scale it was nothing for him to Call upon or. Sage for anywhere from #1,000.000 to #2,000,000, and even for a greater sum. The close business relations existing Between or. Sage and or. Gould were Stab it is said by or. Sage making a loan which saved or. Gould from Dosi Iii ruin. That was Long before or. Gould was the great Power in is All St. Or. Sage May have taken some Chance in advancing the Money but ills judgment showed that he had not under estimated or. Gould a business capacity. For 20 years or More or. Sage and or. <3ould have been financial allies. Each has unquestionably profited immensely by his relations with the other. The two men meet daily when they Are in town although their offices Are some distance apart. Or. Gould has his offices in the Western Union building. There or. Sage and or. Gould take lunch together and talk Over their affairs. They both eat sparingly and plainly. Time is Money with them and they to not spend Over half an hour at their lunch including their discussion. The contrast Between Sago and Gould is noteworthy. As everybody knows or. Gould is a diminutive Man with Quick nervous ways and a retiring disposition. Mir. Sage is somewhat above the average height and while not robust is a w Ell built Man. He is deliberate in speech and manner and while not obtrusive at All is nevertheless More at ease in Public Gazo than or. Gould. Or. Sage served in Congress where lie became accustomed to cynosure. Or. Sage can do another thing which or. Gould cannot and that is to make a speech. Or. Gould never tried to make a speech More than three or four times in his life and his Quot greatest Effort did not exceed 50 words. It was at an exposition Iii the South. Or. Sage cares nothing for the Ordinary pleasures of life. About his Only pastime is driving. He owns some of the finest Road horses in new York. Pleasant afternoons after business hours he May be seen spinning through Central Park. He never races with the other Drivers of speedy horses. He is out for recreation and not for sport. Or. Sage is a member of the West presbyterian Church on 42d St., Between 5th and 6th ., where or. Goula also has a Pew. He is a listener to nearly every Sermon preached in the Church and is also a regular attendant at Tho prayer meetings. He and or. Gould Are among the largest contributors to the support of the Church which while not As fashionable As some ethers perhaps has congregations beyond its seating capacity. Or. Sage is greatly interested Iii missionary work especially among the indians in the West. He pays the expenses of one Breacher on the Plains out of his own purse and contributes to the maintenance of others. His checks annually go to a number of charitable institutions in new York. Or. Sage gives away a great Deal More than anybody is aware of. Or. Sag Ellics on 5th av., Quot just Over the brow of Murray Hill. He has a Fine but rather old style Brown Stone House. It is one of the most comfortable houses in new York. When or. Sage bought it it was almost Quot out of the fashionable were then living further Down the Avenue whereas now most of them live further in. He scarcely Ever spends an evening away from Home except when he is at Church. His Back parlor serves him As a study. He always has business papers to look Over. He puts on a House coat and a pair of slip Sers after his evening meal and settles own to the consideration of the matters requiring his attention. He goes to bed promptly at to of clock. Nothing can keep him up later. He is up by 6. Or a few minutes afterwards in the morning. He is an extremely abstemious Man in All respects. Ile recognizes the Efficacy of whiskey when used with reason. In the Winter months it is his habit to take a spoonful of old Bourbon whiskey in half a Glass of Waler on arising. To says it is a first class tonic. He never partakes of spirituous liquor at any other time or any other Quantity. Occasionally to drinks a Little Claret with his lunch. Or. Satre s dinner is taken in the evening like that of most other City folks. He does not Call it dinner but Helgn when or. Gould is absent or. Sage generally takes his lunch in his office and it is As Likely to consist of a Sandwich and a couple of apples As anything else. These will be eaten while he is Busy with his business papers. Or. Sago is also fond of candies and nuts. There Are a great Many prominent Wall St men with the same fondness. Russell Sage. Walking along Tho Street or. Sage would be More quickly taken for a country Clergyman than anything else. He wears dark clothes always and keeps his coat closely buttoned. His head is surmounted by a tall silk hat except in summer when he wears either a Light Derby or a Light tall hat. He has a grave face and a preoccupied air which helps to carry out his clerical appearance. Or. Sages Fortune outside of the ready Money which he keeps on hand is largely in fact almost wholly invested in stocks and Bonds. He is Tho owner of comparatively Little real estate. To has picked out the better grades of securities to put his Money into and his Fortune May be said to be unusually Well invested. Flowers on a Glacier. An unusual spectacle recently witnessed near the Arctic Ocean. Now York Sun in 1888 or. John w. Kelly discovered on the Northeast coast of Alaska emptying into the Arctic Ocean just above Capo , a new River which has been named the pit Mega River. The River and its narrow Valley Are very winding and the natives Ray they can ascend it for a distance of 40 Miles. This Stream has not previously appeared on the charts. Or. Kelly ascended the River for a distance of 25 Miles Wile re he found a Large Glacier emptying into the River. The Glacier faces southward and receives the full Benefit of the sunlight during the Short Polar summer. Gales have deposited on the Glacier particles of soil and seeds of plants to a depth of from four incised to a loot. The snowball of Winter soon vanishes before the june Sun. Then vegetation on the Glacier is warmed into life and in a remarkably Short time the Brown crust of soil is covered with a Robe of Green and with Bright Flowers such As buttercups dandelions daffodils and yellow poppies. There Are also some Hardy grasses whose roots penetrate the Light covering of soil a few Arctic Willows Are also seen but they grow Only a foot in length and Trail along the ground. Such a spectacle is not often witnessed in the Arctic regions. The mass of Green diversified by the Brilliant colors of Arctic Flowers has Only scanty depth of soil to flourish in and covers like a carpet or a Brilliant Robe the Groat ice mass on which the soil rests. During the summer the ice front Melpy away leaving the protruding soil above it like the eaves of a House. When it protrudes too far for the strength of the grass roots it topples Over into the River the Cost of opera. Have salaries of leading singers doubled in 20 years. London truth i do not propose to undertake the invidious task of giving details of individual salaries but i May without breach of Confidence state that seven of or. Harris leading vocalists this season Are to be paid a sum exceeding in Tho aggregate 20,000 Golden sovereigns and that the covent Garden salary list for Leas than four Calendar months amounts to nearly �40.000. In 1821, according to a published statement by Libers the manager the pay list was �8636, so that within 70 years salaries have increased nearly five fold. In i860, when the company included Patti Titgens Lucca who however after All did not come to England Nilsson. I Muraska Scalchi Lanzim mime tamber ii Mongini Santley audio Graziani foil and Many others or. Mapleson has stated that the salary list was Only �22,000, so that in 22 years it has nearly doubled. To the fees of the chief artists must be added the pay of the band and conductors who Cost nearly �600 a week of the chorus carpenters supers and attendants the Cost of new scenery dresses properties and appointments rent and advertisements. After the whole expenses Are added up i doubt whether the curtain can be raised at the Royal italian opera this season much under �700 a night. Of this amount upwards of one half goes to the leading singers and i very much fear barely tooth part is paid to the composer who is still the Cinderella of the operatic family. Big Telegraph work. Electrician during the recent unprecedented fall of Snow in Devon and Cornwall the Porth Curno station of the Eastern Telegraph company found its landline communications with the rest of the Island interrupted by a Barrier of Snow extending Over half those counties and varying in depth from two or three to 25 feet. The cables however remained intact and by their Aid frequent and rapid communication was held with the company a London station by Way of Lisbon Gibraltar Malta and Marseilles a distance of Over 9000 Miles urgent service messages being frequently exchanged within the space of a few minutes. It fortunately happened that Tho Eastern company a direct line from London to Marseilles through France was notwithstanding the weather in excellent electrical condition and by this route wanders of telegraphy were performed. In one working Day of 23 hours 24 minutes no fewer Titan 1658 messages were exchanged Between London and Marseilles doing an average of 67 messages per hour Mariy of them very lengthy and the majority composed of difficult code words or cipher. Quot when it is considered that this was accomplished by hand working Only Over a simplex wire nearly 0000 Miles in length composed of Aerial submarine and subterranean lengths it will probably be regarded As one of the most extraordinary feats of telegraphy on valuable chinese roots. St. Louis Republic in China there is a Root called Khe Kiye which often Sells for from 20 to too times its weight in Gold. In Manchuria the same Root under a different name if anything even More unpronounceable Sells equally As High. These roots which in order to be highly valuable must be of a Peculiar shape Are bought Only by mandarins priests and others of the wealthiest classes. Bingle roots of this wonderful ? Plant not weighing More than the tent ii of an ounce Are said to often sell for from #50 to #75 each. What is still More remarkable about this valuable Eastern Root is the fact that it is a closely Allied species if not identical with our common Ginseng. A piano for the Vatican. Pall mall Gazette a London correspondent hears of a magnificent piano being manufactured by one of our leading makers for the Vatican. The instrument is valued at 600 guineas and is enriched with the latest improvements including a Sostenuto pedal. Not Only has the greatest care been bestowed on touch and tone but the Case of this piano has also been the object of exceeding care. It is decorated with Tea roses on a Dull Gold ground and varnished with Venus Royal which while imparting to the instrument an unusually Brilliant appearance enhances considerably Tho sonority Aud sweetness of its tone. Son of the old Bay state. Splendid successes of a lad from the Hills. How Nelson Appleton Miles won and wears his honors. I struggles a a Green country boy in Boston. A he Rise of a new j5sc3f&Quot England boy is spleen a i dimly illustrated in s the present Eminence i Oferl of maj. Gen. Nelson w i re i Appleton Miles commander of the division of the Missouri in the army of the United states. It is not Many weeks since the newspapers were teeming with despatches from the Dakota Frontier foreshadowing the outbreak of another Indian War in which had it taken place Gen. Miles would have led the soldiers and in five years More he will go to the head of the army. His career has been watched with a Good Deal of Pride by the people of Massachusetts for the old Bay state was his Birthplace and his Early Home. Amongst the Hills of Worcester county Young Miles grew up and first developed those traits of daring and endurance which in later years have made him in spite of great difficulties the Foremost officer in Public repute of the american army. Without the advantages which Are supposed to accrue from a training derived in the military Academy at West Point and despite the prejudice which the Lack of such an experience certainly arouses amongst West pointers in the army he has by the Force of sheer Pluck and an original mind aided by his undoubted military capacity risen to his present commanding position. Gen. Miles was born in the town of Westminster aug. 8,1839, and is consequently in his fed year. His father was one of the leading business men of Tho town. Miles received the Only schooling he Ever enjoyed at Tho Academy of his native town and at 19 years of age despite Tho advice of his father that he remain on the Homestead and cultivate the farm he started to realize the Youthful dream of most country boys by going to the City. Coming to Boston in his 20th year he at once entered the store of Collamore amp Curtis. Where he worked for two years. Here he was regarded As a rather Green country boy and it was Felt by those with whom he came in Contact that if he was Ever to achieve Success it should to in Somo other Field than that of business. The Young Man then lived in Roxbury where he had some relatives. Sex Alderman George Curtis being an Uncle. The dark Shadow which Tho civil War cast before stimulated a new and the natural ambition Iii the Youthful breast and he promptly entered a Drill school with numbers of other Young men in Boston. There he began his military career. When the War came to Felt himself somewhat equipped for its duties and helped to raise a company in Roxbury. For this purpose his father gave him #1000, and an Uncle. Nelson Curtis also gave him some additional funds. Tho City of Roxbury failing to respond to Tho Call for funds in the manner he had expected Miles was compelled for a time to pay his menus wages out of his own funds. But even at Tho outset of his new life he showed that grit perseverance and wealth of resource which have since brought him rank and Fame in so generous a degree. Early Iii the War he became attached to the staff of o. O. Howard and one Day his Superior officer being somewhat indisposed allowed his subordinate to Drill some of the in Tho performance of which duty he showed such efficiency and practical knowledge of military tactics As surprised his commander who was used to look for proficiency of so High an order Only among West pointers like himself. In May. 1862, Milos was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 61st new York volunteers. He participated in All Tho Battles save one of Tho army of the Potomac first in the unfortunate Peninsular Campaign of Mcclellan then Iii ids victorious Battle of Antietam then Burnside a unfortunate Battle at Fredericksburg hookers terrible defeat at Claucell Orvillo. Meade a Victory at Gettysburg and rho renowned Campaign of Grant in Virginia from the Battle of the wilderness to the surrender of i Vee at Appomattox court House. He was several times promoted for bravery on the Field and finally Breve Ted major general of volunteers on aug. 25,18g4. At Fredericksburg his horse was killed under him and he was himself carried off the Field badly wounded. At chancellors Volle his Bolt shielded him from a deadly Bullet but he was however badly injured in the hip Bone and was compelled to return to his old Home at Westminster to recuperate. Tho March of Leeds army North however acted As a greater tonic to the nerves of the wounded Soldier than All the Medicine in Massachusetts could have done and lie left Bis sick room in Westminster hurried again to the seat of the War Aud fought at Gettysburg. In october 18c5, he was regularly commissioned major general of volunteers and was mustered out of the Volunteer service sept. 1,1860. Having received the preceding july an appointment in the regular army As colonel of the 40th infantry boing at the time but 20 years old. It was then that he was placed in charge of fortress Monroe in the trying period of Jefferson Davis confinement there. On March 2,1867. The brevets of brigadier general and major general of the United states army were conferred on him for bravery at Chancellorsville and Spotsylvania and March 15.1869, he was transferred to the 6th infantry. Then began his wonderful career As an Indian fighter which has of late years caused him to become such a prominent figure before the comity. In the interval Between 1870 and 1875 he Defeated the Cheyenne Kiowa and Comanche indians who had Long been a menace to Texas and in 1876 subjugated tile hostile Sioux and other indians in Montana drove sitting Bull across the Canadian Frontier and broke in the bands led by him and crazy horse lame Deer spotted Eagle Broad Trail and others. Next followed his most Brilliant and conspicuous feat in his entire Indian campaigns the surrounding and capture of the heroic Nez Perces under chief Joseph in Northern Montana which had been reached after Many skirmishes in the Retreat from Oregon. In 1878 he captured a band of Bannock near the Yellowstone Park. Ile was commissioned brigadier general of the United states army. Dec. To. 1880, and commanded for five years the department of the Columbia. Iii july. 1885, he was assigned to the commando the department of the Missouri and in april 1886, was transferred to Arizona. The last remarkable feat of Miles was the capture after hazardous marches of the most dangerous Chiricahua apaches under Geronimo and Natchez who had Long been the terror of Arizona and Sonora. His soldierly experience and the failures of his predecessors taught him that the troops were poorly equipped to Chase the indians while they were amongst their native Hills Whoso wild passes and Mountain ranges had Long afforded them ample Security. Therefore he immediately introduced a new Factor in Indian warfare and established numerous Heli graph stations on the Mountain tons and elsewhere and by that Means secured instant communication Between the various divisions of the troops wherever stationed. This enabled them to make concerted and simultaneous movements whenever it was deemed necessary and they finally succeeded in baffling the cunning of tile indians. Quot whenever the indians started out to Cross Over tile mountains or to move with Stealthy tread along the deep ditches the intelligence was flashed to the main could thus be handled with perfect ease Ani great effect. The Heli graphs had not Long been in operation a Neil Geronimo sent in word that he would like to have a talk with the new general. Accordingly Gen. Miles arranged for an interview with Geronimo. After assuring himself that Geronimo and his group of leaders were disarmed and were disposed to negotiate rather than assassinate and securing Geronimo a brother As a hostage the general allowed them to come into Camp which they approached with a Good Deal of fear and trepidation old Natchez being particularly fearful and reluctant. Geronimo first words to the general were Quot i have come in to see you because my men say that the White Man is having a new idea. We Are meeting him too often those Days and we want to make out How he does Gen. Milos replied Quot i will show you How he does till general took the Warrior aside to Tho Heli graph instrument and plainly showed him How he communicated with Tho Mountain tops where for Geronimo a a enlightenment to carried on a correspondence with the troops. Tho superstition of the wily Redskin was aroused to examined Tho instrument Long and closely betraying his Surprise in various ways. At length turning to Natchez he exclaimed Quot come Here and see How the White Man talks with the that Little incident was the beginning of Tho end of Apache warfare. Geronimo was greatly depressed by what to saw. And soon realized that it was useless to continue fighting against a Man who could talk with the Sun. Then the negotiators came into Camp again and Geronimo asked what Gen. Miles would do to him and his followers if they surrendered. Tile general replied Quot i will do nothing but protect you i cannot kill you for i Ain not allowed to no so. All i can do is to hold you until Tho great father tells me what to do with very soon after Geronimo surrendered and gon. Miles kept his word with him. Ann spared his life much to the disgust of the frontiersmen who could not forget All Tho depredations he had committed and did not relish the idea of seeing their Arch enemies carried off in Railroad trains and Given a free ride to Florida. Thus the terrible Apache band was broken up without letting a drop of blood. Gen. Miles. Gen. Miles Lias Long held the conviction that there Are More ways than one of bringing a refractory Indian to terms lie always keeps his word with the indians Aud a deep Confidence in him has spread among All tile tribes. Ile believes that the first thing to do with a disgruntled Warrior is not to precipitate bloodshed but to teach him the Folly of trying to Battle with the White Man. For his Indian services the Genera has received the thanks of the Legislatures of Kansas Montana Arizona and new Mexico and Tho citizens of Arizona presented him with a sword of Honor at Tucson in november. 1887. Tho echoes of a wild Western presidential Boom for Gen. Miles have often been heard in the East but it is evident to his friends that this is a topic that causes him no loss of sleep. It is no wonder however that Tho thought should arise in the West where his popularity May Well he termed amazing. Lie is the idol of the private Soldier. Rustlers talk of him As if he had loader Tho Earth. They say that he has conquered half the country preserved the peace and made it possible to live there but nobody knows his politics if he Lias any. To never talks politics nor does he talk much about anything. When some one ventured to question him about his chalices for Tho presidency Tho general turned it off with a Little Story of an old scout he knew Iii the Days when to was fighting the cheyennes. That scout was a club footed Frenchman. He had to make his Way from fort Keough to a place in the Missouri arid Tho indians there after him. His horse gave out and he had to Hoof it. It was a rough bad country and his poor club foot slipped and stumbled and Alia so that his Trail must have been something awful to contemplate. An Indian can read Marks in the ground As Well As a White Man can read a they never had dogged a club foot before. He got to his destination All right and pretty soon the cheyennes came along. They pointed to the Trail and asked the soldiers to look at it. Quot we can to make out which Way that fellow is said they. A now a said Gen. Miles Quot that a Tho Case with these people who Busy themselves about me. They done to know anything about me and they can to find out hut i will Tell you that my Only ambition is to command Brave men. And i have been doing that for 30 years. A peculiarity of Gen. Miles for it is sadly Peculiar among officers in general is Bis interest in Tho enlisted men. During the review at Pine Ridge in the recent Indian troubles he would Ofton Sav Quot there a a Fine Soldier. Look at him a it was always a Man in the ranks of whom he spoke Quot they Haven to got a better Man in the life guards ill bet who said As a particularly big Fine fellow passed by. He has not half tile concern for rank that he would have for a Cut on his Finger. And Tho fact that he is not a West Point graduate brings about situations that give him constant food for reflection. He feels that the Young Fellows who come out to the Plains fresh from the military Academy often distrust him. He thinks it most Odd for they know nothing of the Art of War while to has been in the Field for 30 years. Iii physique gon. Miles is a big Man. He is 52 years old. Weighs 210jpomias and is As hard As Gristle All Over. He has the most tremendous Chest in the army. It is big enough to hide a blacksmiths Bellows in. He is fond of sparring and Bas had a professional pugilist for a teacher. Pugilist interests him. And to knows All about the men who Are in it from time to time. His health is perfect and he is capable of the most dare Devil feats. Not Long ago he found a tender for to anxious to see a Little campaigning. Tile first tiling lie did for him was to ride 248 Miles in 38 hours and a half lust for fun and for nothing else. Gen. Miles wife is a Niece of the late Gen. Sherman and they have a daughter who has lately entered social life and a Beautiful Little boy. A brother of the general a i. C. Miles is still one of the principal citizens of his native town of Westminster. Locating Tho Tribune Quot i take a Good Deal of credit to myself a said the father Quot for Tho Way Johnny has got on in the world. I have supervised Bis studies looked after Bis amusements assisted him in his Choice of a profession and Given him financial help whenever he has been in a tight place. Whatever Success to has in me be owes to a the is not very robust is he a inquired the Friend. Quot no he is Punk Little insignificant look ing and not at All firing. I have done my duty by that boy a Quot said the father majestically a but physically and he spoke with much severity As he located tile responsibility for tile Young Man s bodily infirmities a physically sir he is just As the lord Macle viewed from chinese eyes. Pekin Gazette it is impassible to understand these barbarous people. Ope thing is certain if they do a thing they do it with All their might. Thirty years ago they had a big civil War. The whole country was turned into military Camps and battlefields and everybody oven to the women Folk were engaged in the War in one Way or another and one army numbered 2,000,000 men. And now there Are Young men old enough to vote who have never seen a company of soldiers in their life. In fact these people seem to think that another War will never breakout especially in their part of the world a person can travel Clear across the american continent without seeing a Soldier and follow Tho main lines of travel too. In fact at the present time there is Only about one Soldier for every 2000 persons while Russia has one Soldier to every 90. Where Gold goes to. Blackwood s Magazine a considerable part of All the Gold that goes to India never returns. Having been obtained in the West by the Sale of exported productions it is retained in the East As realized profits wealth stored up and to a moderate extent for use in tile arts for the rest. As a representative of value on the credit of which traders buy and sell with the Bills of Exchange they Issue and the Book credits they open and Settle up the differences with the Silver Money of the country. But the vast Stock of Gold accumulated there undergoes no diminution there is no ebb and How under the reciprocal action which Commerce enforces in the Case of countries trading together on a common metallic basis. Hie three millions Sterling or thereabout of Gold Bullion which India annually adds to Hor store Are under the monetary Law of that country just As much lost to the nations of the West by being withdrawn from tile general Commerce of the world As if Tho Money had been Lent to a South american Republic. Between the years 1835 and 1889 april this depletion amounted Iii value to �136,. 292.768 Between that Date and the month of september of this year a further accumulation to Tho value of �6,009,272 has taken place bringing this portion of the Gold treasure of India up to a value exceeding �135,250,000,to be made at Home. Simple waists and bodices useful for summer Wear. A very pretty Aud easily fashioned Little Waist for summer dresses maybe made after the following design the full shirred Yoke and sleeves May be made of sheer White Lawn or Cream White China silk. Tho Waist is gathered at the neck and Lagan at the Waist where a close Belt holds it in place. The pointed bodice May be of Gingham Cli Ambrey China silk Challis or any pretty summer material and is Cut straight across the top just below Tho armholes with straps of velvet ribbon extending Over Tho shoulder. A very attractive gown Mav he made of Stem Green Spriggel Challis with velvet straps Over the shoulder a silk Gumino and bodice of Challis or Green ripped silk. An equally pretty Gingham May be made after the same Model. Another simple Waist which promises to be a summer favorite is called the Pennant which is made a exactly Liko a Many a us is possible for a woman swear. Pockets on either Side the front and a Box Plait extends Down the Back. These Are reall skirts or rails As a Man would say. Over which the skirt is pinned. This gives delightful Freedom to the arms with no fear of the Waist and3kirt separating As is the most depraved and embarrassing incl native when the Waist is Cut off below the Belt. This Waist May be made of flannel Linen or silk and is equally Protty in either material. Rat Hor More elaborate and drowsy Are the silk waists with a shirt Yoke in the Back and a plaited front with a frill in the hem. With those is worn a Broad Scarf of Trio same material tied beneath the turndown Collar. Narrow rimmed wheels. Maine had a funny time driving them out but right triumphed. Or. Teams of Dover for the judiciary committee to which was referred in act to Amend Section to of chapter of of the revised statutes relating to the Width of Lima of Wagon wheels Rej it sorted Bill in new draft Nuder same title and that it ought to puss. A proceed dogs of Maine legislature. And thereby hangs a gentle reminiscence. Maine is not especially noted for Crank pin in legislation and yet it has a Well earned reputation for go ahead Tiv Ness in that direction and some Peculiar notions withal. For instance it is Strong on bounties. Bears wolves crows and seals Are voted out Laws and prices Are put upon their Heads. It scores heavily against cigarette smokers sweaters and poachers and its vigorous raids against the cup that due Ariates have also become matters of some notoriety. Its oddest Freak in legislation however is its Sharp discrimination against narrow rimmed Wagon wheels. Twenty years ago All Down East below the Penobscot River was in commotion Over this queer question and nothing Short of Quot an act entitled an act to prevent the use of vehicles running on a Lionel rims less than a prescribed Width was sufficient to quell the disturbance. From that time until the present this question of Wagon wheels has revolved around Tho legislative Axle with considerable regularity and it Lias been an off year when the Hardy settlers of Jackson Brook or salad Oasis Plantation have not appealed loudly to Tho augustan Law makers for Protection. The town of Cherryfield on the Narra Gragus River. Washington county was Tho original roadbed of this War of the rims. Then As was a Lively lumbering Bailiwick full of saw Mills and slab piles while its regulation number of country Village streets were Little better than Beds of bluest Clay. Clay indeed constitutes by far the larger portion of Tho Earth a surface in the Eastern Shore towns of Maine and the enterprising explorer after wealth unusually has Only to scratch a pasture lot to find an a1 Brickyard. As Tho entire product of Tho lumber Mills of the town of Cherryfield must be hauled to the wharves through those streets of Clay Tho use of wheels with any hut the widest rims soon transformed them into longitudinal mortar Beds and rendered travel of any kind Over them almost impossible in Spring and fall. By Range As it May appear Tho laudable movement to remedy this forbidding state of things by a Law forbidding Tho use of narrow rimmed wheels created a tempest of opposition. The idea that a free born son of Cherryfield could not he allowed to plunge in the Miro endanger property and Tho lives of his neighbors and bring Tho principal business of the town to a standstill. If to had a mind to was an abridgement of the liberties fought for by our forefathers not to be tolerated. The discussion in Tho legislative Halls at Augusta at the time this revolutionary measure was under consideration reached fever heat and for fervid oratory and eloquence of the spread Eagle Brand it has but few equals and no superiors in Maine legislative annals. But right triumphed and wrong was driven to the Wall. The Bill became a Law and accomplished the Wise purpose for which it was created. It provided that teams of two horses oxen or mules must use nothing narrower than a four Inch rimmed wheel Ami for four of the above named animals in one team a five Inch rim was required under penalty of #20 and #1 a mile for every mile travelled Tho Law not to apply to pleasure teams or carriages own u by Tho state or the United states. The marked Success from the Start of the Broad rims silenced All Caviler and Ever since in Cherryfield and adjoining precincts there has prevailed an Era of uninterrupted Good feeling and fairly passable streets. Indeed so popular have Waldo Sims become in Maine that they have been made a state institution by statute Law and the assessors of any town in the state Are now authorized to Abate #3 a year on the Highway tax of any citizen who uses cart wheels Iron or Wood rimmed with Felloes 0 inches wide. _ How sponge Are captured. St. Louis Globe-1 i sinocrat Tho sponge is simply a Marine animal and it grows in the sea. Just As an Oyster or a Alani grows. The Best sponges Aro caught off the Florida coast. Tho work of catching sponges is a regular Industry. Men go out Iii boats with Long Spears and Hooks. Tho sponge catchers Wear Box like Oblong glasses that tit Over Tho Faco Aud around Tho front part of the body. Thoro Ore magnifying arrangements in these boxes and tile glasses Aro made to enable Tho wearer to see through the water. Whenever a sponge is descried from the surface 9 Tho water the Catcher thrusts Down his Spear and Hooks up the flabby mass. There is a Good Deal of work necessary on sponge before it is ready for the Market and Iii the processes of preparation there is much adulteration. Sponge is sold in wholesale by the Pound. Ana very often the material is weighted wit i Sand Glycerine and other things to increase its value. The first umbrella. St. Louis Republic it is generally stated that it is to Jonas hallway the Well known philanthropist that we Are indebted for tile valuable example of moral courage in first carrying a raised umbrella in the streets of London. It is difficult now to conceive the amount of persecution which this whole proceeding entailed upon that honorable gentleman whose object was doubtless less the Protection of ins own person than that of showing his countrymen How they might protect themselves from drenching showers. Long after they had come into occasional use a gentleman accompanied by a lady under the shelter of tile now Radii protector was hooted at by grown men Asne passed along. A gentleman who chanced to be Aloin with a raised umbrella on rho streets of either London or Liverpool was inconstant danger of assault from the howling that was sure to follow at his heels. Dandelion salad at Home. Tie dandelion salad at Home should be thus prepared pick Over carefully a quart of freshly gathered dandelions Wash them in several Waters and let them stand in water a few hours before using Drain and wipe dry put them into Tho salad bowl and add a Spring onion Cut up or a few Blades of cultivated chives and a Plain dressing of Oil vinegar Pepper and Salt. The Quantity of Oil should be four of Oil to one of vinegar posts and postmasters he held the fort but failed to keep second. Hero of Allatoona pass tells of a postmasters troubles. Gen John m. Corse Banquete by civil service reformers. Gen. John m. Corse who served with Sherman in Georgia and who is noted for his famous a holding Tho fort Quot in Allatoona pass retired on april i from the office of postmaster of Boston to which he had been appointed by president Cleveland. A banquet was tendered him on thursday last in Boston by the members of the Massachusetts Reform club. The event took the form of a testimonial banquet Given at Youngs hotel participated in by More than Igo gentlemen among whom were presi Sib by Gen. Totin m. Corse. Dent Charles w. Eliot of Harvard College Hon. John m. Forbes Gen. Francis a. Walker Hon. John e. Russell or. William Everett Hon George 8. Hale congressman George Fred Williams representative Josiah Quincy and Hamilton a. Hill., col. Charles r. Codman presided and in introducing the principal guests of the evening told of the object of the Reform club which he said was Quot to represent those men Iii this Community who proposed to Wear their party collars loosely and to Lake them off whenever the wearing of them became inconsistent with Independent thinking Ana upright political continuing he referred to Geh. Corsets splendid military career Aud said a the services which our guest rendered in the War and no one knew them hotter than president Harrison might a one would suppose should have made any administration glad to retain him in a position Iii which to had demonstrated his fitness and capacity. Ooh. Corset speech. Gen. Corse was received with prolonged applause and cheers. He began by tolling of Tho imperfections of the postal system of the United states Aud said that the Post office department of All the branches of Tho government probably has been most laggard. It has not kept Paco with the growth of the other industries of the country since the late War. Aud it does riot compare in efficiency and in organization with Hie great railroads and expresses Aud the other larger industries of tile country. Gen. Corse told Al his own experience in trying to get an interview with the present postmaster general on official business and How he found that certain politicians could gain Access to him at All hours while to who was Oil department business bad to wait a Long time to find out when he could see him next Day. The Post master general said lie was reoccupied with affairs of Stato that he could Only give him a few minutes of time. Hen to went into the office lie saw that the postmaster general was occupied with a coloured Man from a Southern state who wanted an office. The Burden of Tho conversation was to discover whether Tho coloured applicant had not at some time and in some Way participated in Tho councils of the democratic party. In referring to the Aid civil service Reform ii and been to him in conducting the affairs of the Boston office Gen. Corse said Quot it was a constant bulwark against Tho hordes of my political friends. Tho Only moans by which i could protect myself in the Ordinary exercise and discharge of Tho daily duties was a constant Appeal to Tho fact that i was limited by this taw in changes of employees under me. And it is a singular fact that your Best Friend will unload onto you the most worthless whelp that Ever lived in order to get him a position. He will take All the credit from that Man and his friends for having gotten him Tho position and you will take All the responsibility of the disgrace that accrues necessarily to you Aud to your party and your administration and your country by having such a Man in Tho place. He relieves himself at once. That class of friends is probably Tho most onerous that the average officeholder has to endure. Quot the Post office should he administered for the Benefit of the Public and not for the Benefit of the party. It is my pleasure to say that the Man who succeeded to will do Liat thing and i desire to say further that if we succeed As everybody seems to think we will succeed. I Hope that a Good official of that character will not to president Eliot of Harvard College who was enthusiastically received in the course of his speech said that As an educator to use a pretty bad word or As a person interested in Tho development of intelligence in Tho american people to should like to emphasize the extreme stupidity of the sort of organization described by Gen. Corse. No other word described Tho method. It was simply stupid beyond belief and unworthy of Tho american people. To concluded with the Hope that the next postmaster general might be Gen. Corset a sentiment that met the approval of those present. Sex i Rcd i it tent Cleveland letter. The following letter was read from of president Cleveland 15 Broad St. New York. John in. Carter esq., Secretary Etc my dear sir i am thoroughly Iii sympathy with the idea which leads the Massachusetts Reform club to tender complimentary dinner to Gen. Corse in recognition of his faithfulness and honest Devotion to duty while postmaster of Boston. I would not like to confess that the satisfactory discharge of official duty is so rare As to make it ordinarily an incident which should be celebrated nor that the enlistment of every faculty of mind and heart in Tho performance of such duty entitles a Public official to exceptional consideration. All this Only constitutes the service pledged to the people. I Ani sure however that in the ease of Gen. Corse there were circumstances attending his incumbency which make Tho recognition by his fellow townsmen of his integrity and adherence to principle a rare Ful and proper testimonial on their part and a most Gratifying Reward to him. I should be glad to attend Tho banquet the Reform club contemplates but my duties and engagements Here Render it impossible for me to do so. Yours very truly Grover Cleveland Lions. Carl Schurz George William Curtis and James Russell Lowell also wrote expressing regret. Wants his window broken. Pills a Juji heft Tho chinese Havi but a vague idea of Tho meaning of the English language. One on North 15th St. Has in his window a placard inscribed #10 Reward to any one breaking this thus far no person has made an Effort to collect the Money. Another on Ridge a. Had part of his Hulk window broken and Tho inscription now reads Quot Ham la a. Dry a the Quot dry Quot being the termination of Tho word laundry. All Day Long mischievous boys poke their Heads in the doorway and ask Tho chinaman what he will have to drink. The weeks business failures. The business failures occurring throughout the country during the last seven Days As reported to ii. G. Dun amp co. And e. Russell amp co. Of tile mercantile Agency number for the United states 212, and for Canada 30, or a total of 242, As compared with a total of 255 last week and 247 Tho week previous to Tho last. For tile corresponding week of last year the figures were 209, representing 185 failures Iii the United states and 24 in Tho Dominion of Canada. Only 50 gents for As you can. At this season of Tho year Many subscribers prefer to have their subscriptions expire with the years it is in the interest of such subscribers and of trial subscribers that the above offer in made for a limited time. Only 50 cents for balance of year. When you subscribe Why not ask some of your friends to subscribe ? you can secure on copy for yourself free by sending three subscribers at 50 cents each All receiving the paper until Jan. 1,1892. Now is the time for one and All to push the weekly Globe and extend its influence Whir is always on the Side of the people in whatever concerns their welfare. In recognition of the needs of Farmers for More practical information on How to make farming pay it will soon devote a Good Deal of space to selected papers on agricultural topics to be edited by or Andrew h. Ward. Meanwhile or. Ward will contribute regularly hi3 original papers on How to make farming pay. Or. Ward extends to weekly Globe subscribers an invitation to write freely to him on any subject of importance to them. Tell your neighbors and form a club. Only 50 cents for balance of year. 4 copies for $1.50. Only $1.00 for one year. 4 copies for $3.00 address the weekly Globe. Boston mass. Politics still booming. Prospects of the race for the speaker ship. Free Silver coinage Ami Tariff redaction for Farmers Alliance. Connecticut a state muddle and Nebraska a Washington May canvass for the speaker ship of till House though Tho election is six months off is being conducted with extraordinary activity by Tho several candidates. Or. Mills practically started Iii canvass before the election which resulted in giving Tho democrats control of the House. Being free to do so he wont out West and worked his Best to secure the election of men who believed with him on the Revenue question. A number of the men who to their own Surprise were elected to Tho House Are said to attribute their Success largely to his efforts in their behalf and his friends claim for him that lie will have a Large vote Iii Hie West when he contends for the speaker ship nomination. His friends express absolute Confidence in his election Aud say that lie will Lead from Tho Start. It will probably be a close race or Lead on tile Start however Between him and or. Crisp of Georgia. The supporters of or. Crisp claim that he will Lead All other candidates on the Start mid will draw from every direction As soon As Tho fight gets warm in the caucus. Or. Crisp is evidently a Strong favorite and that to is regarded so by tile other candidates is shown by the fact that they Are All fighting particularly against him. He will probably not have the Georgia delegation solidly for him As there is Somo jealousy my or. Blount announced his own candidacy though lie Lias been making no canvass for himself and ins announcement is regarded As no More than a hostile demonstration against his colleague. Or. Crisp however was the Leader of his party in the political fights Dur Iii the last Congress and gave evidence of abilities which Liao secured him Strong supporters and Many of Thorn. Or. Crisps friends contend that tile chief question to be considered in Tho Choice of a speaker of the next House is his fitness for Trio position there being no political issues Between Tho candidates and for him they claim Tho qualities which he has shown during ins career that pre eminently fit him for the chair. It is expected that he will have considerable strength in Tho South and Southwest and that ids coolness and conservatism will make him popular among Tho members who have been elected from North of Mason and Dixon a Lino. Ile will probably got a Good share of now England a votes and it is said that the new York delegation will be for him a with Mcmillin for second Choice. Or. Mcmillin who is now Here and has been conferring with friends in the East. Is a Good worker and stands Well in the fight. Though not always As self contained As Crisp he is not As excitable of Mills and he has always been ready Aud Active on the floor. What his friends look for is stability among ids followers and an accumulative growth of strength As other candidates drop out. T hey rather expect that while Crisp and Mills As the two leading candidates Are stubbornly contesting ground each stopping Tim others Progress Mcmillin will slip by Aud get Hie prize. The attitude of each makes these three candidates the ones upon whom the interested observer keeps ids eyes. Thus far in the canvass or. Springer has been handicapped somewhat by being ill Aud unable to take an Active part. Free Trade free Silver. Of the Alliance members in Congress will depend. He says upon whether the democrats show a disposition to give the Farmers what they want. Holds for his successor. Farmers Alliance insists upon both a essentials. St. Louis mo., May 8.�?c. S. Hall president of Tho Farmers Alliance of Missouri was asked if Tho Missouri Alliance would be represent at the Cincinnati convention and replied a not through any official act of mine. I have advised tile order not to put themselves in an attitude that will commit them to the organization of a to lord political party at this time and i Hope it will not be necessary to do so at any Timo in the future. Speaking for myself i will say that i will not vote for or support any political party that will declare itself against the Freo coinage of Silver nor will i vote for or support and political party that will declare itself against the increase of the volume of Money in the United states nor will i support any political party that does not come out in its platform in favor of Tho removal of the present heavy Tariff tax from the necessaries of life that the poor of our country must have. As i View Tariff Issue is by far Tim most Ini Northam Issue before Tho president Polk of the Farmers Alliance of Georgia declares that ids organization is strongly in favor of the free coinage of Silver Ana no candidate who is not Iii sympathy with the Alliance on this question eau Hope for its support next year. Tho action gov Bulkeley of Connecticut denies that he usurp the office new Haven conn., May 8.�?attorney William c. Case of this City acting for gov. Morgan g. Bulkeley and . Samuel p. Merwin filed the answer of those two gentlemen to the quo warranty proceedings brought by Luzon b. Morris Aud or. Alsop in the Superior t ourt this morning. In his answer gov. Bulkeley claims that he and no other person is the True and lawful governor of Connecticut and that the court should be bound to take judicial notice of that fact and dismiss the proceeding. Then he says the general Assembly of Connecticut at its january session 1889, by joint ballot elected him to be governor for the term of two years and until his successor should be duly qualified. Then lie goes on to state that he still acts As governor because no successor to him in the office of governor has yet been chosen and duly qualified to hold such office Aud no person can to vested with tile office of governor of Connecticut until he has been duly declared governor by the general Assembly of Connecticut and qualified accordingly. The answer goes on to state that Luzon b. Morris did not Nave a majority Over All. And that of account of the Manifest mistakes in the Faco of Tho returns it was impossible to Tell who if any one had been legally chosen governor. Concluding gov. Bulkeley denies that he usurps the office and say that he uses said office its rights and dignities by warrant and authority of the Law and asks to be dismissed by tile court of and from tilings charged upon him in thia information. With the exception of the change of name Gen. Merwin a answer is exactly the Szmir the plaintiffs will have All reasonable time to Mako what reply to the answer they see., fit. Can to get their salaries. Hartford conn., May 8.�?the results of Tho controversy on the Stato offices and the deadlock which prevented legislation crop out from time to time in an unpleasant Way. Comptroller staub has refused to pay the april salary of judge Deming of the new Haven court of common pleas on the ground that he is doubtful whether he is entitled to it. Deming term expired april i hut As rile legislature adjourned without appointing his successor he has continued on the Bench. Tho state appropriations expire july i and the legislature a mrtle none for the next two years. The House passed the several appropriation Hills but the Senate has thus for refused to concur. Gov. Bulkeley announces that unless Tho Senate takes action under which tile Money can be paid from the state Treasury he will make outside arrangements by which the humane and other institutions will be provided with funds. Boyd of Nebraska ousted. Just before adjournment of the Nebraska supreme court. Tuesday a decision was handed Down in the Thayer Boyd. Quo warranty Case. A judgment of ouster was rendered against gov. Boyd in favor of sex gov. Thayer on the ground of non citizenship. The decision was written by judge Norval judge Cobb concurring but judge Maxwell dissented. Counsel for gov. Boyd will at once apply for a supersedes for the purpose of taking the Case on a writ of error to the United states supreme court. They claim that the question of naturalization la a Federal one. Democratic gain in Indiana. Idiana Folis. Ind., May 6.�?records from elections in second and third class cities throughout the state yesterday show general democratic gains with the exception of new Albany and Jeffersonville where the republicans made clean sweeps. At fort Wayne Sollmer. Dem., was elected mayor by 97 majority. Nine democratic councilmen out of ten were elected. At Lafayette the entire democratic ticket was elected. At Hammond the entire democratic ticket was elected. Oil Ponds in the Gulf. St. James Republic Between tie Mutli of the Mississippi River and Galveston tex., to or 15 Miles South of Sabine pass is a spot in the Gulf of Mexico which is commonly called Quot the Oil Ponds by the captains of the Small Craft which ply in that Vicinity. There is no land within to Miles but even in the wildest weather the water at this spot is comparatively Calm owing to the thick covering of Oil which apparently rises from the bed of the Gulf which is Here about 15 to 18 feet beneath the surface. This strange Refuge is Well known to sailors who run on the Small vessels trading Between Calcasieu Orange. Sabine. Beaumont and Galveston. When. Through stress of weather they fail to make Harbor elsewhere they run for Quot the Oil let go the Anchor and ride the Gale in safety tins curious spot furnishing a Good illustration of the effect of Quot Oil upon a troubled a sociable Hen. Whitman times. One of the citizens of South Washington St. Has a Hen which is mighty Peculiar. Between 10.20 and 11.30 a. Rn., every Day the lieu will come up to the Back door of the House and wait patiently until the door happens to to opened by some som. Then it goes in and up stairs to a dark entre where it lays its eggs. It is a curious Freak. I atm i v r Iii fit �7tiiliifi

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