Page 1 of 5 May 1891 Issue of Boston Weekly Globe in Boston, Massachusetts

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Boston Weekly Globe (Newspaper) - May 5, 1891, Boston, Massachusetts Your family needs the weekly Globe. It will pay you handsomely to renew. Sire totem Blok. It will pay you Imd Sotl to re nor. Your family needs the weekly Globe. Vol. Xix no. 18. Boston tuesday morning May 5. 1891. Price five cents. Farming East and West Gen. Butler tells How Protection helps the Farmer. Senator Pfeffer gives the Aims the Farmers Alliance. Two important speeches delivered at the Butler club banquet May i. The annual dinner the Butler club an organization friends Gen. B. F. Butler was held at the Revere House Boston Friday evening. The idea the club is to admit the utmost Freedom expression views so that All shades political and social questions Are ventilated thereat. Col. In. A. Plympton presided. Ameng the Ernests which numbered Over 200, were included Many men distinction in the state and nation including besides Gen. Butler United states senator Pfeffer Kansas sex goes. Banks and Brackett Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury Hon. Joseph h. Of Neil Hon. F. T. Qreen Halo Lowell. Insurance commissioner Merrill speaker Barrett Corporal Tanner Hon. J. C. Lincoln and Rev. A. A. Ellsworth. The speeches senator Pfeffer and Gen. Butler were Especial interest and they saw Given below voice from out the West. Senator Peffer recites the Creed Alliance beliefs. The Alliance senator from Kansas was warmly received and his Earnest remarks were listened to with eager attention. He spoke As follows a emr. President and gentlemen i assure you that this cordial greeting is most Welcome and for several reasons but first All because you ask me to bring to you tidings from my Home. William a. Peffer. A Avo Are a Long distance apart As Miles Ito and we Are a Long distance apart As politic a. But the men new England sent Forth a Ruddy yeomanry and we have a time the blood new England the toil Kansas now. Quot we Are not repudiate is. Quot our creditors will Only be patient with us we expect to pay every Dollar debt we Quot we expert to pay it according to the letter and spirit the contract. Quot but. Just at this particular time we Are not Able to pay. And we Are no different in that respect from some your own people who Are represented by Large interests there. A a let me Call your attention to an extended Railroad system which originated in Kansas. At what was then a Small town the Frontier known As Atchison the Atchison Topeka amp Santa be Railroad company one tile children Kansas and Massachusetts a system that every Kansas Man and woman for a Long time was exceedingly proud and we would like to be now and perhaps will be after our second marriage. Quot the Santo be railway always treated us kindly and we treated it kindly. Quot but even so Well managed a system As that Aud with such a manager As . Strong who when he talked to us always touched tender chords among the people even that system a Little while ago discovered that it was embarrassed beyond redemption and it asked just what we Are now asking to scale Down its debt in the Way interest. Quot its Bonds bearing j and and 7 per cent were scaled and put upon the Market at 4 per cent., and it lived. Quot Are we to be blamed for asking a scaling our interest Quot the Santa be railway company was paying 6 and 7 per cent we poor Fellows Are paying to you men new England and new York year by year out our sweat and blood to per cent. 40 per cent and High As 75 per cent. A men Boston and men Kansas have told me a we Are paying As High As too per cent for our Money a we Quot Well. We Are getting tired it. That is what this rebellion Means. Quot supt. Porter Tho census Bureau has just issued a bulletin giving statistics mortgage indebtedness in most the states which shows that our Farmers Are paying from to to 40 per cent for Money. Quot your fellow citizen . Atkinson says that Tho average rate increase labor agriculture and Man fac about 8 per cent annually Quot we Are making Money at Tho rate 8 per cent and yet have to pay it out at from to to 40 per cent. Quot our Farmers Ness. We Are simply overwhelmed with debt but we Are no worse in Kansas than in Nebraska than in Iowa in the Dakotas in Minnesota a. Extend your View Over the entire country. Or. President even your own old Massachusetts and i never speak the name but what my heart swells nut when i go Back to the memories what came upon Massachusetts soil where r up the Best civilization Earth was planted and where tile Republic was born Massachusetts god mess her. Old the census bulletins show that in the Hill towns grand old Massachusetts there Are not As Many Farmers living now As there were too years ago. Quot the Farmers new Hampshire Vermont. New York Pennsylvania Ohio All Are hav ing hard times we Are no Xiv Crie in Kansas than they Are in those states. Quot now we want a new Deal and we Are going to have it. Quot we will do More than talk. Quot our people Are in Earnest. They Are feeling the pressure and they have determined that they will take their own business into their own hands. The women Are As Earnest in tins matter As the men Are. And More so. Because it touches the Home. Quot one thousand eight Hundred and Eig Lity nine was perhaps the Best crop year that Kansas Ever had. The value our farm crops All told was $104,000,000. Add to that our live Stock Aud other products and our total for the year amounts to $187,000,000. That makes no allowance for the Supply the farm the family. The Farmer must have feed for his Stock then he must have seed wheat. Then allow him $1 a Day to keep his family five 20 cents per Day it costs us 40 cents a Day to keep our convicts in Tho Penitentiary that makes $305 a year. Then allow him 8100 to pay the farm expenses then put in taxes and $13,000,000, and you will find it costs More than All that the farms brought in. Quot averaging the products among the 200,-000 farms Tho state it gives $670 Gross income. Figure the expenses As above and you find that the outgo is greater by some Sio $15 than the income. Quot so you see that we Are gaining in the vested country just As Tho boy gained when to went to school who being critic in Ltd Western when Lite sized about his tardiness Sam that when he took one step Forward he slipped two Steps backward. Then he was asked a How did you get there at All at that rate a Why a be said. A i faced the other a that is what we Are going to do. What we want you Mea the East is not to organize a new party we will attend to that out there. Quot we want you to consider whether it is not to your interests As Well is to ours that the rates interest be reduced Quot done to Yon know that the Secretary the Treasury is thinking about suggesting a 2 per cent Bond to the holders $50,000,000 do the 4vis that Are still out Quot now you just strike us with a 2 per cent1 mortgage. Quot we will pay every debt that we owe in a dozen years if you will do that for us. Kansas land is a Good Security is a government Bond. Quot that is As much As i need say to explain Tho financial situation. I want to spend about five minutes explaining to you the Alliance movement. I see that you people Here do not understand it. It is no wonder. There Are some people who Are wilfully Blind. A it begins among the Farmers not among the lawyers. Tit begins among the toilers not among the Bankers and Money changers. A it begins among the men who do the a by work Tho men Whoso sweat is crystallize into Gold and who Are then treated As a foot Bali. Quot that is where this movement begins. A hence it was that when our legislature came together last Winter and there were �3 Alliance men there every one them voted for the Man that is talking to you now. A the Alliance political movement is not the Alliance at All. Quot the Alliance is at the Bottom it but there is no Alliance party. Quot we organized in Kansas. It was proposed by the Farmers belonging to the Alliance. Quot we Are not democrats and in this new movement we Are not republicans. Quot i think it is altogether Likely that before Vin a two years there Wili be a new Independent political movement in this country called probably the National party. Quot because we believe in the government having control All Public functions. The controls the Post offices it Oes a dozen other things for the people. Quot we believe in the government control Ling the transportation the country. A we believe in the government contrails Ngethe Issue Money. Quot we believe in Money getting to the people without being freighted with interest rates that they cannot afford to pay. Ii Quot so that believing in the exercise these National functions i am inclined to think that when the time comes for the birth the new child and its baptism it will be named the National party. Quot now if you will Pardon me. After thanking you for your Courtesy and for the intense interest you have manifested in my remarks i will not detain you longer but will wish Tho _. Ber health my Good Friend the words Wisdom. The hero new Orleans proclaims political truths after senator Pfeffer had retired col. Plympton said a gentlemen i doubt if there is a Man in this Hall tonight who during the past two weeks has not had As mrs. Partington de scribed it a a fellow feeling Iii her bosom for that Western Man who when he saw a neighbor his fined 810 for contempt court walked Down tothe judges Bench and Laid Down his $10 Bill and said 1 reckon Edge i May jest As Well Jine in now for i Don to believe there is another Man in town that has any More contempt for this court than i Quot Tho distinguished gentleman whom i shall now have the Honor to present to you May never be permitted to again suffer the affliction appearing before a judge Carlo Penter but before that great tribunal which Makos Aud unmake courts and judges the american people general Butler Wili always receive a warm and Hearty Welcome. And the memory his great name and the deeds will Jive forever in the hearts his countrymen. Quot now gentlemen All up and let us give a the voice the speaker was drowned in the three tremendous cheers which followed. And which w Ere made three times three with a Tiger. Colonel Plympton then presented Flea. A. F. Butler and after the applause had ceased the general spoke As follows Quot . Chairman friends and fellow citizens it is my first and grateful duty to return to you my very warmest sensibilities for your very kind expression feeling. A my mind goes Back to 30 years ago-29 years ago to de exact when my duty in another sphere Public service caused me to land the wharves new Orleans with a handful troops that never left there. Quot we went there to stay we did stay and the result was that from that hour the Backbone the rebellion was broken. A your festivities have called Back those feelings and they quite unman me and while i May not for the moment control to. _. Them yet i have another duty to perform to this club at this time. Quot you remember a year ago i discussed this question with you that our guest has d just discussed in another Branch. A i told you what was in store what was the necessary result the condition tilings. Quot it appeared to me inevitable. I did not have time then to discuss the causes. I simply spoke to you what was the condition the farming interests the country. Quot i now come to the other question what causes this condition what is the remedy for it Quot the Farmers As a class have received More from this country than any other class and if you reflect you will see it. We not Only gave them every one them a farm substantially but we spent millions upon millions and millions upon millions untold to build a Railroad to every Many a farm to carry to Market his products. Tai Quot More at this Point w As done Iii behalf the Farmers this country than in behalf anything else. Quot now what was the result a what w As the cause that result Quot the result was that we could keep none tilling a the boys up in new Hampshire tilling a farm. They wanted to co West where they could have a farm Given them. Quot our farms were deserted. We could not compete with the West those cheap lands. Our lands Cost $50 $100 an acre. The Best lands in the world could be found in the West for $1.25 an acre. That ended our Farmers nothing More nor less. A not High interest nothing but Competition. We could not compete. A what was the consequence to the Farmers Quot it was that there was an immense Rubli into the business farming so that we raised ail the Staples farming but one a great Deal More than we could use in this country and had to go abroad to find a Home Market and when we had to do that we had to sell at Tho Price the Market abroad until it became so that the Price wheat is determined in Liverpool tile wheat the american Farmer the Price cattle is determined in Liverpool the Price hogs is determined in Europe and. Therefore. The farming class is contending with the foreign pauper labor Europe and Asia upon their own soil. Quot our Farmers have got to raise wheat a Little cheaper than it can be raised in British India where labor is Worth eight cents a Day so that they can sell it a Little cheaper than India wheat can be sold at Liverpool else we cannot sell it Quot Wool is the Only one the things that we do not raise too much and the reason that is that we cannot the various kinds that Are wanted and therefore we Are in Competition with All the world our banners Are. Quot we have about got rid All our Public lands that Are fit for cultivation. A there wont be any More to be taken up in this Way which i have told you an when we get there then this thing stops and the Price Laud goes up and the Farmer stays at Home and then one thing being controlled w hich i Hope will be con trolled can be controlled and ought to be controlled if they can get their wheat to Market at a fair Price i Only use wheat As an example if they can get their product to the Market at a fair Price then they can directly he Able to compete against those abroad because then they can Supply the Home Market Here. Quot then our boys will come Back and begin to work Here in the Mills and when every one comes Back there Wili be one producer less Aud one consumer More in the country will and the thing will equalize itself and w e shall depend a Home Market. Quot go Down Here and they will Tell you that it costs less to Send beef to Liverpool and deliver it there from Chicago than it costs to Send beef to Faneuil Hall Market and deliver it there the same line Railroad. Quot now before any editor undertakes to contradict that wont he go and make an inquiry. Quot the reason Why i could Tell you at once. Quot your English Steamer comes Over Here with an empty hold Aud must have some thing to carry Back. By taking a Large cargo at once it can afford to pay something to get it and to carry it Back again whereas the rates for bringing it Here Are higher precisely As i can get and you can get at precisely As i can get and you can get at Boston a barrel Bour quite a number cents cheaper than you can get it at Lowell. When that same barrel flour passes directly through Lowell. A a Quot that is so everywhere. That is the arrangement Trank and i Hope the Farmers Alliance the Republican party the democratic party the Peoples party the party the Peon great people will take hold and regulate the lat. Quot now then what is the other trouble with the Farmers the West Why do they borrow Money at 7 percent.? Why Are Thev All in debt because they Are All attempting in a very few years to improve their farms and bring them up to Tho nigh est state and they run in debt for improves ments their farms and that makes a great demand for mortgages and they always As i have told you Nave this thing in View that if they cannot pay their Mort Gage they. Can drop it and go and get some i More land somewhere Cise Quot keep that with you All the time. Quot when that condition things stops and when the great mass land shall have passed away and at the present rate it will do so in about three years certainly within four and it Bas passed away now so nearly that the Farmer comes to Congress and asks a what great expenditures for the purpose bringing water from the bowels the Earth to irrigate the land and make More land and we Are to pay for Tho irrigation our share it Quot i am willing to do that if they will not quarrel with our dealing in our manufactures by which we can make the Money to pay for it. Quot it is All a question Protection after All. Tile Farmers complain. And i saw my Friend was a Little inclined to complain that they could not make their tools As they used to do. Why i think he is a Little mistaken about that. I think a Man if he will go to work with his Hoe. Can earn three hoes while he could make one. Gen. Butler today Quot Why i used to see them when i was a boy make an Yoke our farm. It took three men about five Days to do it to dig it All out with the adze smooth it Over and get the bows. Now the work one labourer one Day will buy a better Yoke than that. And so it May lie with everything. Quot but they say you put a Tariff these tools. Yes we do. The Only trouble is we do not nut it High enough Bee also the higher the Tariff the More certainty the Eastern any other manufacturer Lins the Market the More men Rushing to it the greater the Competition and the cheaper they bring it Down sooner and faster Aud All our business is lower now than it was before the Tariff was upon any articles. A you have heard some you perhaps. That i am a Bunting manufacturer. A. Quot we found out now to make it sent a Man Over to England to learn and we 21 started it with 12 looms and there was a 40 per cent Tariff put Tho Bunting. A what was Tho effect that i would not if i could have had it my own Way had More than to per cent put it. Everybody said a Gen. Butler put a great Deal Tariff the i knew too much for that. Quot what was the effect that tile Tariff was so High that within 12 years there were 13.000looms weaving bunt Gin the United states and Tho Bunting now has come Down so that the very Best that can be made Earth May begot for $18 a piece instead $80 and $35. Quot and so it is with every article Quot i hear some people say Why. The Tariff is always an audition the Price. Quot the last i knew about Cotton cloth for i am not a Cotton cloth Weaver and somebody will Correct me if i am wrong the Tariff was five cents a Yard Calico Cottons print cloths As they Are called and is i can buy All the print cloths in this country for three and three Quarter cents As you All a voice a a three cents three cents Gen. Butler Quot Pardon me i want to have the weavers have a fair show. Laughter Quot the fact is that our manufactures our industries our inventions our business is so great til at we must pint foreign outlets and when we find foreign outlets As in the Case the Farmers we have got to go into Competition with foreign labor without the trouble bringing it Here. Quot we complain very much because people bring foreign labor Here but by overproduction we Send our goods across Tho sea to compete with foreign labor its own ground and save the expense importing Tim labourer. Quot now i am no a voice Quot Gen. Butler that won t a i used to be. I am past All that now. I do not know which is the Best which is the worst. A i am past All that i say. And i Ain looking simply to the Good this country and How we Are to get out this trouble and we shall not get out this trouble by making Money any cheaper. Quot As Long As the people the West can make Money by trading they will pay a great Deal More than Tho regular rate interest As they do now a i am willing to have Silver Money i am Ink willing to have Gold Money. I think the Greenback is the Hest Money. Quot i hover yet have been Able to discover the Wisdom the policy digging it out one Hole and putting it in another Hole and then watching it to redeem the currency with. Travels in Royal style. Western Farmers resent ostentation president his trip. Washington april 2$.�?from the comments which reach Washington from the West partly through the newspapers and partly by word Mouth it is evident that the presidents trip May in some respects prove a Boomerang to him. This is especially so in Kansas. Wisconsin Michigan Minnesota and the other states where the Farmers Alliance is Strong. The luxury Tho presidential train and the expenses the trip have been published at length in the papers those states and the people Are asking who is paving for All this. The Republican papers Are very outspoken in their comments. Nothing is quite so antagonistic to the Western Farmer As a great Railroad corporation. And the idea that the president should to under favors to the Railroad for Bis transportation and that lie should practically be their guest while he is away is not at All pleasing to them. Is Tho Wisconsin papers Are especially Frank in this regard and they do not hesitate to say that the president should accept no favors this kind and they have a Good Deal to say about the extravagant and almost Royal Way in which the president considers it necessary to travel. Or. Harrison May have to explain All this perhaps a Little later. Rebuking a first rate snob. When Jefferson returned from his triumphal engagement in London a number Newyl Ork swells says the Chicago news determined to Honor the actor who had1 made so great a stir in England accordingly a splendid dinner was Given to Jeffer son and All the conspicuous representatives Gotham swell Dom were there. It befell that the very morning the Day when red Jeffers i girl the spectacular beliefs. To. During the banquet one the guests a very swell personage referred to a newspaper item in which Tom s prospective wedding was mentioned. In Quot yes it is said . Jefferson Tom was married Quot but it is not True i suppose that he married a Ballet girl a inquired the Aristo cratic person. Quot yes it is True a answered . Jefferson laconically. Quot a. I did not suppose you would allow your son to marry a Ballet girl Quot said the a and Why not a asked . Jefferson. Quot his Mother was a Ballet girl a the aristocratic party lapsed into a voc if Crotts silence at eat As Yod please Bot noted people How to be a Nice old Man senator Payne tells flow at 80, he walks three Miles a Hay. Bachelor Olin Man who is 78, believes in marriage Washington May 2, no City the United states will you find so Many energetic old Young men As in Washington. Octogenarians and flourish Here like the Flowers that Bloom in the Spring and in most All them the blossoms their old age Are More Beautiful and More fragrant than were those their youth. Whore will you find a happier a sweeter life than that . Scott the presidents father in Law who at pm has full Possession his mental faculties and who takes his walks with All Tho enthusiasm and vigor a Young Man 30? take senator Morrill who Over fourscore is one the hard working members Congress and who. Long after he had passed his three score and ten found time to write a Book ridiculing the vanities his Fellows. Senator Payno has reached four score senator Evarts passed his 70th mile Post several years ago and there Are a score and More our great Ines who Are leading Active lives Between to and 80. It is now nearly a year since i began to collect opinions from these men As to longevity and How Young men by following a certain course might reach a profitable and a Happy old age. I have interviewed them As to their habits As to their use abuse intoxicants As to whether they ate drank to excess and As to the thousand and one other things a hich go towards the destruction preservation life. I find that each Man has his own theories and that their views Are As wide apart As Tho polos. Senator Henry h. Payne. One the oldest Young men in Public life is senator Henry b. Payne. He was born in new York state in 1810, during the first year Madison s presidency. He was Well educated and graduated when Andrew Jackson was closing his first term and lie began the practice Law at Cleveland two years later. To visited Washington City just after his graduation and he talks very interestingly about president Jackson and his visit in 1851 he was a candidate Tor Tho United states Senate and came near being elected at that time when Ben Wade was chosen., to is now Over 80 years age is in perfect health and though to lives at least a mile and a half from the Capitol he has made it a practice to walk out to the Senate at least once a Day during his term. When the weather is pleasant he Olton walks out and Hack Ami his heart is As Young As his body. He can laugh like a Bov and no enjoys the society Young men. Upon my asking As to Tho secretory his Good health and spirits at this advanced age he said Quot i attribute my Good health Ami Long years to a Good Constitution and to i to fact thai i control my appetite and am temperate in both eating Ami drinking. I take exercise regularly chiefly walking have but Little to do with doctors and i think i Ain All Hie Batter for it. About 44 years ago when i was 35 years age i was forced to leave off my practice at the bar account Haemorrhage Tho lungs. I had something to do with doctors at that time but a. J nit Ltd a a 11-it to film c11iog have had not much to do with them since. How about your diet . Payne rth _ be not use tobacco but i Don t believe that i eat every thing Attiat agrees with me and drink what i like but not to excess. I do Long life depends its Uso non use. The main Hung is Temperance in work As Well As in eating and drinking. I believe Many men Are killed by overwork and worry. Sam Randall died from overwork. He had a splendid physique but he broke it Down in working a Tariff Bill and by Labouring bore All summer. Quot i Don t believe that activity hurts any one. But overwork does. Then i done to lot things worry me. I like life and believe that ill it is Worth the living. I keep myself Young by having Young men about me. And keeping in the swim. I done to know about Adam. But i have Little Faith in the Story Melm Selah and the other scriptural characters who Are supposed to have lived to times As Long As men live now. Til Ere is no reason Don Why they should have done so Anil tile statement is hardly a what advice. Senator Payne would you give a Young Man who wishes to reach four score Quot i hardly know a said the senator. I would urge him to to temperate to study himself eat what agrees with him and refrain from that which disagrees take life As easy As possible and not worry overwork. Quot i would advise him to take regular exercise and to keep his eyes the Bright rather than the dark Side things. The restraining his appetites and the temperate use All his faculties will enable Bim to live longer though life is after All largely a matter statesman who wants to marry. Sex senator Thomas l. Clingman is about two years younger than senator Payne. To is As Bright As a Dollar and Active As a Young satyr. To has not been in Public life much since the close the War but to was one the most noted our statesmen in the Days Tyler Polk Fillmore. Taylor Pierce and Buchanan and to had one Tho famous duels history with William l. Yancey Alabama account a speech which he made concerning Henry Clay. Con he was a member Congress the United states Senate a governor North Carolina and a brigadier general in Tho Confederate army. He is a delightful com vers nationalist and he considers himself still in his mime. Said he Quot i will a 78 years old in a few weeks and i am in perfect mental and physical health. I walk about three Miles every Day. And think i have been growing younger a during the last three years. I find that my nails grow faster and tougher and the growth my hair has increased. Quot i think that the improvement my health since 1885 has been largely due to the use an extract tobacco which i have invented which stimulates the pers 11 a v 111 v Vii Vav my a Al iv/1 a Tuo pm a i Rater y Ami other organs and opens up the. A. Whole system. I am a Bachelor but i have walled to get married All my life and first foil in love at five. I have wanted to marry since then and i want to marry now More than Ever but i can to afford it. Quot As to my habits i have been temperate All my life. I do not eat More than half Tho amount the Ordinary Man and i did not drink a drop spirits until i was 48. At this time i tried a mint Julep and thought it helped me. And since then i have taken some spirits just before my meals some Wirin with my meals. Quot As to my meals i eat breakfast at 8 clock Anil confine myself to a big cup Coffee a piece meat Anil some stale bread. I am a great bread Cater but i do not like underdone biscuits and when we have warm biscuits at my hoarding House i Send them Back and have them precooked. The word biscuit Means you know cooked twice. I Ani fond cakes for breakfast and my breakfast for years at Willard a hotel consisted buckwheat cakes and Coffee. Quot at dinner i eat one meat one vegetable mild a Light dessert. I am very fond soup and can make it take the place meat and do so when it is Good. I like Tail mock Turtle and Mullig Tawney. I done to think much consomme but i am fond oysters. When i sit Down to the table i look Over the Bill fare and decide what is Host for me and eat that and nothing else i never use Black Pepper but think a Little red Pepper does one no my about sleep senator Quot i sleep about live hours every night and am troubled somewhat with insomnia. I usually a to bed at la and Rise at Dawn. As soon As i get out if bed i take a cold Takfai Bath and if my breakfast were then ready i would eat it. As it is not. I Roll around in the bed and Road the paper until the breakfast Bell Quot i have never smoked chewed snuffed and i can to say whether not these habits Are injurious. What is one Many a drink is another Many a Poison. As to advice i would give Young men i would say be temperate in habits use no spirituous liquors before you Are 50. And drink no wines except at Quot keep the joints Well oiled with exercise marry As soon As you can after 20 years age done to overwork and done to worry and if you have a decent conscience and a fair Constitution there is no Good reason Why you should not reach a supreme court Justice. Justice Mcarthur is one the retired justices the United states supreme court the District at Washington. He has led an Active and hard working life and now at 77, lie does not look As old As Many a Man do. He is tall erect and Fine looking. Id there Are but few wrinkles in his ban some Nee and his hair though Gray is thick Aud Silky. He has a wonderfully Clear complexion and his Blue eyes Are Bright and full life. He is a Lino talker a Good liver and lie enjoys society As much As when he was 20 years younger. I Mot him at Saratoga and asked him tils recipe for longevity. Quot i am Quot said de Quot naturally Ola Strong Constitution and i attribute my almost per labors War. May Day was fixed for inaugurating hostilities. Foot physical and mental condition largely s. I to a very Good set digestive organs can eat anything and drink anything Aud am one the few men whom it May to said that they do not know that they have a stomach. I Hare been so throughout my life and i attribute my continuing in this condition in that such excesses As i have committed in the past i have always made up for by rest and bathing. A Elf i am up Date at night i take pains to sleep late the next morning and if i am at a big dinner i see that my pores Are thoroughly open the next Day so that any deleterious matters that i May Bare taken into my system May pass away. Quot i done to believe in asceticism nor in the mortification the flesh by rigid rules diet by limiting the appetite Ami by denying ones self that Good May come. I believe t hat Man should take As much pleasure out life As he can consistently with his work As he goes along. Quot the desire for enjoyment is natural and it should be gratified As much As Bunger and thirst. The very fact that it exists is an very few strike important Bat a general restlessness shown. Rioting and bloodshed in Italy and trance other notes. Evidence that nature intended it to be gratified. But course every Man must do a Law unto himself in such matters and that which suits one May not suit Quot you were speaking bathing. Justice Mcarthur. What kind bathing do you moan a Quot i am a great believer in hot air Baths a replied the Justice a and i keep myself in f Ood condition by one these every week. Think t lie turkish Baths Are Good but my favorite Bath is the alcohol hot air Bath which i take regularly when i am at Home. Quot when i am away i take the hot water Bath making the water red hot Aud soaking myself in it until the perspiration Hows freely out every pore my skin. I done to believe in the use much soap in bathing and think the pores the skin Are not helped by the Alkali that is taken into them. Our skin is. You know made up thousands Little pores through which a Large part Tho waste the system is carried Oft. Quot these pores relieve every part the body stomach liver kidneys Ann every portion the system. Each pore has a Little Oil duct in it to protect it rom injury and to keep it in Good condition. It is a delicate piece machinery and i do not believe this Oil should he scoured out with soap. Nor should t he skin be scratched and roughened with a flesh Quot what nature is your alcohol Bath a Quot it is a Bath the vapor alcohol i rep take it in my bathroom Ana do it by Puttin perhaps u Gill alcohol in an Iron cup. Ii. Iglus this Aud place it under a chair then having undressed i seat myself Over it and t How a Large Blanket Over me and around the chair making a hot air chamber for myself. Ina Short time i begin to perspire and the perspiration runs out my pores in streams washing out my skin and making me perfectly clean. Quot when the alcohol is burned out. I throw off the Blanket and jump into my Bath tub which is tilled with water at a blood heat. After a Short stay Here i rub off myself with a crash Towel and then Complete the drying with a softer one. I then lie Down for a few minutes and when i Getup i am a new Man. A such a Bath makes you feel that you have never been clean before. It revives your whole system and the alcohol acts As a tonic. Von get Only the Good qualities in the alcohol the burning having precipitated the injurious ones. And these going into your system through Hie pores As vapor act upon you As a tonic. Some people rub their skin with raw alcohol but i do not advisor this nor do i think it Quot As to marriage Quot said Justice Mcarthur Ledly think it tends to the length Quot i decide. Days and i would advise every Young Man to get married. Man needs association. It is ii the course nature and it seems to me that i have never known when i was not married. As to smoking the abuse tobacco is i think injurious but i do not think it hurts to to smoke in moderation. I smoke t to cigars a Day and enjoy them a How about exercise a Quot the Only exercise i replied Justice Mcarthur Quot is walking. I walk about three Miles a Day when in Washington and i am very fond it. I usually see the Bright Side things and in looking Back at the difficulties a Liao surmounted in my life i am surprised at my Confidence in myself. I believe in work and not worry and i think that any Young Man who will use Tim criterion common sense in ids life enjoy it As much As lie can treat himself As he would a Good machine and conform to nature and nature s Laws has a Good Chance Many Days. Two septuagenarian congressmen. The two oldest men in Congress Are Gen. Vandever California and Gen. N. P. Banks Massachusetts. Both Are several years past their three score and ten. Both Are perfectly erect and both possess the highest degree physical and mental vigor. Both have led lives hardship. Both have served in the War and both starting out As poor boys have made themselves famous. Gen. Vandever is i judge a feet High. He was born in Maryland in 1817, was a brigadier general Iii the Union army and was a member Congress when James Buchanan was Pread Effrof the United states. Now. At 73, lie is again in Congress and As i chatted with him today about the secrets longevity he walked with a step More springing than mine and his Only sign age v As in the Whito strands his Sandy Hoard. Said to Quot i i Annot say that my vigor at three score and ten is due to any fixed habits did exercise. I have been a hard worker ail my life and i have been ordinarily temperate. I Ain rather careful As to my eating Ami i Lead a regular life. I married at 30 and i believe that marriage conducts to length years. Yon ask to what advice i would give to Young men who wish to live Long. Lean Only say that they should be temperate in eating drinking and work that they should be Content to take the Days As they come and not worry about the future. I believe that exercise in the open air is Good and i think every Young Man ought to get Gen. N. P. Banus. Gen. Banks is the straightest Man in Washington. He is about 75 and lie has leu a life full hardships. He worked in a Cotton factory when to was a boy. Went the lecture platform before to was age and was in Congress Over half a Century ago. To was elected speaker in one the most noted speaker ship contests our history. And he was one the roughest fighters and the most vigorous workers among the Union generals the late War. During the War to was in constant exposure but lie came out it comparatively a Strong Man and w ent again into Congress. Ile Lias been in Congress a number times since then and you will now Aud no More pleasant companion nor philosophic statesman than he. Ile attributes his Good health largely to a moderate care himself and to a Good Constitution. He believes that the mind Lias a great influence the body thinks that marriage is conducive to longevity and sees no reason Why he should not live in Good heal til for years to come. Frank g. Carpenter. A wonderful exhibit. A big tree which will be seen at Chicago. New York world among the wonderful exhibits with which Chicago Hopes to startle the visitor to the worlds fair it is Likely that none will create More comment from europeans than the big tree sent from California. This specimen is from Mammoth Forest Tulare con nov. Cal., and measures 99 feet in circumference at the base. It is 312 feet in height and the distance from Tho base to the first limb is 172 feet. Tile tree is nearly 3000 years old. Tile Story the Felling the tree is an interesting one. A scaffold was built around this giant the Forest at a Point 22 feet from the ground. Tho saw used in cutting was 22 feet in length. The tree was Cut 25 feet from the ground. Ten expert woodsmen were employed five months and 12 Days in the cutting but when the crash did come it was heard three Miles away. In its fall the big fellow imbedded himself six feet in the ground. After the upper part the tree fell the top the stump was levelled off Aud a Section nine feet in height Cut from it. To get this Section from the Forest it was necessary to build a Road for four Miles and indulge in much blasting and Bridge building. Since then it has been shipped to new Orleans. There a Section the tree has been Cut outland Hung enormous hinges. Tim Interior has been hollowed out and now can comfortably hold More than i visitors this unique exhibit Lias been fitted up with 250 incandescent lights. It is Likely that new yorkers will be Given a look at this California wonder before it is shipped to Chicago. A i lie 1st May had been generally fixed upon for a concerted labor movement in this country and abroad in the direction agitating for fewer hours and More wages. Tile result Here and abroad is a disappointment to those who based their Hopes Success a general insurrection labor. Pittsburg penn., May 5000 and 6000 Railroad miners in the Pittsburg District went out strike today. Their old scale expired yesterday and they went out pending an adjustment wages their strike having nothing to do with the eight Lour question. Specials from Newcastle Erie Washington Mckeesport Braddock and other Western Pennsylvania and car he Ohio town indicate a general strike among the carpenters Stone masons and bricklayers Milwaukee wit. May building business Lias been demoralized for a month in anticipation a strike and today will make Little change in the situation. In some Tho trades Tho disputes Over hours and w Ages has almost been lost sight in the other dispute about working buildings with non Union men other trades. The plumbers after obtaining Tho adoption the right Lemr system Are locked out because the building league Rule that forbids them to work with non Union men other trades. The carpenters have been drawn into the difficulty by the operation Tim same Rule and so have Many the painters. Pittsburg. Penn. May Long threatened eight hour strike Iulio building trades has been inaugurated. The leaders the carpenters claim 8000 men within the limits the 12-mile District. Of these it to said loot will Continuo at work contracts that must be completed. Pittston penn., May various mines and collieries the Pennsylvania Coal company Are in operation today. At least oooo miners and labourers Are at work. No demand has As yet been made for loss hours higher wages. The strike in the Pennsylvania Coke Region has already lost Tho men and the com panics it is estimated about $3,000,000. Four concerns Are now working under the knights labor agreement old wages Only Union men to to employed and no Coke to tie sold to Frick. Reports up to noon from various Points in Colorado new Mexico and Wyoming indicate that Tho strike w ill be but Little importance in these districts. Tho miners employed in the Vicinity Wheeling w. Va., to Tho number loot quit work account the operators fail Are to sign the scale. It is not expected that the strike will be Long duration. A special from Nelsonville 0�?z one the. G c Gions. Says the miners Are All Idle. Bul in principal Points in the Hocking Coal re a interview with a number the leading miners it is stated that this does not mean strike As May i is i Abor Day. The opinion the majority miners interviewed is that there w ill be no strike in the Hocking Valley and Straits Ville districts. Tho House Smiths new York made a demand for a reduction in their hours labor to eight hours a Day. Eight firms gave in a a to the men. Their men went to work under the new Stato affairs. The remaining firms refused to give in to their employees and the result w As that about 2500 men went out strike. This will seriously interfere Writh the erection now buildings. It Many which Aro being put up in Tho City at present. Non Union lumber Quot shovers were assaulted by strikers at Cleveland o., May i. Police had to interfere. At Duquoin ii the most stubbornly con tested Coal miners strike Ever had in Tho District was inaugurated May i. The contest is to enforce Tho Law As to eight hours for a Days work and pay every saturday. The men say they will stay out till the Law is upheld and their demands granted. Tho operators say Tho Law is unjust and will tight it to the United states supreme court. Fully 1500 men will to directly interested in this strike. All the Coal miners in the Springfield 111., sub District about 1600 in number Are Idle and president n. J. Goings the stale Union miners says they will remain so till the result is known a conference which will be held in Chicago some Day i next week. The operators Here today posted a notice that hereafter they will pay but 50 cents per ton Over an Inch and a a Tarter Boreen. This is 17 a cents less than he Price now paid so a the expected strike at the Granite quarries at Barre vt., is and 400 Quarry men Are Idle. Tho workingmen demand that us the Quarry owners shall show a Dis criminal que _ Tion Between Union and non Union work men while the employers claim that no reference should Fie shown the strike Ina Scarcity Union Stock. Pm a a a holds Many Days Tho 2000 Granite cutters life will he compelled to cease work owing to the miners Southeastern Iowa Laid Down their tools. April 30, and said they would not take them up again until ordered to do so by the supreme officers their Union. They declare they Are not strike but have merely suspended work. Not less than 3000 miners in Indiana quit work lie cause the wage scale for Hie year a beginning May i. Had not been Sij Jned All the miners Lucas District no. 9, o., Are out. They number about Hoo men. A meeting in favor eight hours was Boldin Faneuil Hall Boston. About 2000 persons were present. There is no strike in Tho City any note. There was a labor demonstration in St. Louis. Tho carpenters struck for eight hours and 40 cents an hour. It was claimed that their demands bad been acceded to but later denial was made and there is much confusion. Other trades gained slight advantages. May Day abroad. Labor troubles culminate in riot and bloodshed. Florence. May 1�?4.30 p. crowd composed about 1000 workingmen met this afternoon the Piazza Savonarola. During the Progress the meeting a sneaker whose name is not Given made a most violent and incendiary address calling upon the workmen present to make a Rush towards the Centre the City and to plunder the houses the wealthy classes which Are situated in that portion the City. The police thereupon interfered and. After a Short Sharp and determined charge i into the midst the crowd arrested the Man who was making these violent remarks. A tumult followed and the workingmen began to handle Hie policemen roughly Iii an attempt to Rescue the prisoner. Finally a Squadron cattery was ordered to move out upon the Piazza. The trooper then charged upon the riot a in masses Chi the neigh Boring streets they broke the store win Era causing the latter to Rush to la Stu Ftp Gas the rioters retreated Down the neigh Dows right and left along Tho route their flight. Paris May Day was ushered in by the explosion a dynamite Cartridge in Hie basement the building in which resided tins Marquis de Trevise in champs Elysee at the Corner Rue de Berri. The Entrance stops leading to the door were blown up Ana All the windows in the House together with those in the neighbourhood were broken. A cordon police was stationed about the premises and an investigation was made when it was found that no one was injured. The authorities credit the explosion to the anarchists. Marseilles. May socialist demonstration took place Here this morning. It was a disorderly character and those taking pan in it refused to disperse when ordered to do so by the local Autho ties. The result was that the services the military were called for and after tile officers in command a Squadron cavalry had Cal led upon the agitators to disperse without persuading them to do so the cavalry but in us in. Hiu men were ordered to Chargo the mob. F hey did so Riding at the crowd at a slow Trot and quickly scattering the socialists Many whom were arrested. At Lyons there were three serious collisions Between workmen and troops who were called out to help the police. The workmen attempted to have Quot a Parade although it had been forbidden by the authorities and the police could not Cope with them. A body cavalry charged the rioters and were met with volleys stones but the workmen were forced to retire. There was a bloody collision at Fourmier France Between miners and gendarmes in which seven persons were killed and 12 wounded. A mob attacked the Maine in an attempt to Rescue imprisoned comrades and wounded two soldiers. The troops immedi Only 50 cents Tor balance year. Get As Many subscribers As you can. At this season the year Many subscribers prefer to have their subscriptions expire with the year it is in the interest such subscribers and trial subscribers that the above offer id made for a limited time. Only 50 cents for balance year. When Yon subscribe Why not ask some your friends to subscribe ? you oui secure copy for yourself free by sending three subscribers at 50 cents each ail receiving the paper until Jan. 1,1892. Now is the time for one and All to push Tho weekly Globe and extend its influence we. A is always the Side the people in whatever concerns their welfare. In recognition the needs Farmer for More practical information How to make farming pay it will soon devote a Good Deal space to selected papers agricultural topic to be edited by . Andrew h. Ward. Meanwhile . Ward will contribute regularly i original papers How to make farming pay. Or. Ward extends to weekly Globe subscriber an invitation to write freely to him any subject importance to them. Tell your neighbors form a club. Only 50 cents for balance year 4 copies for $1.50. Only $1.00 for one year. 4 copies for $3.00. Address the weekly Globe. Boston mass. Lately opened fire and three men fell dead. The mob then fled. Brussels. May workingmen employed in the principal factories and found i Juu Ais vhf aerie and the carpenters have gone out strike. Reports from the provinces also show that there has been a general Stop Filion Nim ump Vav. A a a a pure work in to amp okie districts. At Lief e and at Ghent the anarchists marched in procession through the streets Headon by bands music and Caribino red Flag Quot the miners and men employed in Tho steel works have stopped work. I Here have been Many local demonstrations but no disorder. Bruin bore merciless Burden. Wild ride a Maine woodsman the Back a b ack Bear Hunting knife work Bas been resumed the employees meeting in London having advised against continued resistance As it was considered that a reduction one hour a week was not sufficient importance to form the basis for a serious dispute. The Amalga. A a w _ Aam i n j # it Meiai to i mated society engineers has declared against the right hour movement asserting that when Shorter hours Are needed they can to obtained without Legal exact ments Berlin May weather is Delight la Ful Aud tile majority the people who Are termed workingmen Are either peacefully at work else preparing for a Day healthy Holiday making in the shape an out town picnic. There seems to be no possibility any disturbance. Reports re from Trio provinces Are Rte a. Po.,---�? labor Day until sunday next. Puzo Muiir a Cei Ved Here from the provinces Are similar character. The socialist papers in referring to Mav Day indicate that the socialists will postpone their Celebration Quot Geneva May received from All the manufacturing districts Switzer land show that the people Are busily at work and that no trouble is apprehended Rome May is no disorder Here. Iring Humbert this morning drove through Tim quarters inhabited by the workingmen and women. Tho King was desirous be 111 la Fuji ice. To coming personally informed Tho feeling the working classes and was greatly satisfied with Tho result his drive. He received a great ovation from the people who crowded the streets to Greet him. Despatches received Here from the provincial towns show that May Day is being observed in a quiet and orderly manner. History a lobster. Being a True account a shellfish a life from the mud to the trap. Soon the broker the merchant and the clerk will order As it were Quot the jump a lobster salad. Where the Best salad can be had is often a topic conversation in the offices for an hour before lunch time but How the palatable shellfish is captured is Seldom discussed. It is known that these shellfish move slowly unless danger is nigh when they Are As Quick As Cate and often escape from the Best traps set for their capture. About the isl december t the ouster a it aia by guv Lov it. we a seeks deep water and Quot Beds in the mud near timed re Rocky ledges., there to re main until Tho latter part february when they crawl slowly towards the Shore in schools ,. Protection seems to be a very important feature in their March and Retreat As they Are very careful their Young Aud scientists say that pitched Battles have often taken place Between the old Shell backs Advance guards and those a invading army. However they crawl steadily towards the Shoal Waters the Harbor and Only those Hli Nill i iwo us my us Wpm text that out curiosity stay to test be quart a tempting bait in a trap Are captured while others and Vance giving Only a passing glance at Hie lieu willing to travel fast in Shore their Heads Are pointed Seaward and by a flip their tails they shoot through the w Ater at Hie rate 15 feet a minute and. When in marching order form As wild geese do in their flight. Those that have eggs to Lay Stop the Wayside and Deposit their Young close to the sides rocks that Are covered with Keln Moss. ,.the outer keep going towards Hie shores and when the month May Lias passed they have shed their shells and Are quietly Laving in Tho warm Beds eel grass waiting Lor a new crust to Harden their the shedding is very interesting to look at and can Best be seen when the lobster is in the cars the Fisherman during the summer months. Gradually the old Shell is loosened by the new in precisely the same manner As the new Finger Nail forces the old one from its a a usually the Shell the Tail is first thrown then Tho lobster backs out the body Shell and draws the meat the heavy claws through Tho Small holes in that part the a a a a tar claws which is connected with the body. The shedding process finished Tho fish lies in a dormant state for some hours Aud when the film soft coating begins to Harden. Or. Lobster Quot gets a move and looks about for food. ,. Lobsters have been known to shed in the lobster traps and each year when they cast their Shell they Crow about one Inch in length and gain in weight one half a Pound. A Little conversation. Puck professor French to his class a Bon Jour Mea amies we will have a Little conversation this afternoon. What do you eat for dinner miss Bright que aves Vous Mange pour diner miss Bright anxious to show off her French Des Hui tres. De la soup Dunois soil. De Boeuf roti. Do Macaroni Des pointes de Terre do la celeri., Des Asperges Durn Des Mutt do from age do Plum pudding Des Gateaux dug f the professor Falls to the floor with a a Dull thud a but manages to come to the class a weak later his one weapon. Bangor. April 28.�?israel Hobar is one the few survivors the class sturdy old Maine pioneers who Aro still devoted to Hunting and who Nasa the most their time deep in the forests. Rohar is a Man remarkable physical strength and agility and Quot As Tough As a Pine knot Quot As one his friends expresses it. A adventure which the old woodsman has just experienced was probably never equalled by a Hunter except perhaps in Tho imagination some writer a mud West work fiction. Bebar Baile from Danforth and Bas been in Camp alone some Milos from that town lie says that he was awakened the other night by the furious howling his hound and going out his Little Camp to ascertain Tho cause fairly stumbled against a huge Black Bear which had been prowling about. Rods a hold a Hunting knife in his hand but without going for any More formidable weapon instantly determined to kill the Midnight visitor. Iii the near was already showing his Teeth and growling fiercely. The old Hunter knew that if ii got a blow from Bruins paws in would soon end his career so taking advantage his Opportunity he grasped the beast by the hair Over it shoulders sprang his Back and began to use the knife vigorously but with Hittle effect apparently for the Bear started off at a fear Ful rate with the Man grimly hanging to him through Clear land and Woods toy ing every method to throw his rider fully three Miles had been passed when the exhausted animal dropped to the ground dead. Robar was so breathless with excitement that he too Lay upon the ground Tor some minutes. He was completely smeared with tile blood his victim but tells his friends that he has established a record in the Way sports which will Long remain unbroken namely Riding a wild Bear through the Forest without bridle Saddle a distance fully three Miles in less than 16 minute. A Winter in Holland. A Young dutch girls account a skating trip Over the Guider Zee. St. Nicholas our Winter has been a probably every where else exceptionally cold an old fashioned Winter and one that will be recorded in the annals history and not soon forgotten. Of course it has been the cause much poverty and misery and Hai Irful every one was thankful when after week severe Frost the thaw fell in but mud has been done to soften the sufferings the poor and those who went round to ask for help did riot ask in vain. On the other hand the whole country was alive with wholesome merriment caused by the skating that was Practised Over the whole length and Width our watery Little land. Holland is very characteristic and very much at its advantage during such a time and i am really thankful that i have lived through such a Winter and also that it has come at a period my life when i have been Able to join in the Universal movement As you know a great Many the people especially the peasants skate very Well. Tho country is Cut up by canals running from Ono town to the other and from one Village to the other along these Waters slow barges travel peacefully the whole summer through Laden with coals . Pottery and numberless other things a great de great Deal traffic is done in this slow but sure Way As it is a Verv cheap Mode transport. But these same Waters now bore a much d livelier aspect. People All classes skated along their smooth surfaces and Many have been the expeditions planned and executed to skate from one town to the other halting a at several Small villages the Way Anc thus seeing the country in an original and very pleasant manner. My sister and i and several ladies and gentlemen made a charming excursion one the finest and Mildest Days the Winter. The Sun shone brightly the sky was Blue and although the thermometer sorted below Zero it was quite warm and Elicious to skate. We were quite a Large party and went from the Hague to Amsterdam and thence across the y and farther Over the Inland Waters to Monnickendam skates course. Monnickendam lies at the Guider Zee which is a kind Bay formed by the North sea. And surrounded by several provinces our country. In comparison with your grand lakes it is Small but we consider it quite a Large water and it is very rarely Frozen Over. This year however it was one immense surface ice stretching itself out As far As the Eye could reach. It was quite the thing i by this Winter to go out and see it so. Course we went there and visited the Small Island Harken which is situated near the coast. The Guider Zee was a qty curious and interesting to see. Fancy an enormous Field if f ice crowded with thousands people All skates and moving swiftly Between them brightly painted sledges with Strong horses and jingling Bells looking very picturesque. Also hit Little ice boats with Large sails that come flying across the Frozen Waters looking like great Birds but keeping at a Little distance from the crowd for fear accidents. A fair was Beld the ice where there were going All kinds harmless amusements and Little tents where they sold cakes and steaming hot milk and chocolate. The whole scene the Bright moving joyous crowd made me think Hie pictures by the old masters like Teniers and Ostadge it was so thoroughly dutch. But to Iii us that this immense solid surface. Whereon you moved so confidently would melt again be lord the year was muck older and change itself in lapping Waves was hardly conceivable a a a ii w pm

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