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Boston Weekly Globe Newspaper Archives Jan 13 1891, Page 1

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Boston Weekly Globe (Newspaper) - January 13, 1891, Boston, Massachusetts Ask some of Lois neighbors l to subscribe with to t. E now you need Tho week glob. Or wife and children need it. Send for agents big rates. Vol. . 2.Boston. Tuesday morning january 13, 1891. Price five cents. Her crowning glory How to dress it stylishly and become ugly. Pretty coiffure for evening find every Day Wear. Fashions for Tho Young girl the Bride and the Matron. S the Bonnet or hat is Tho crowning touch of the Street costume for ladies so Tho coif. Fore is the finishing Grade for tile indoor toilet Aud therefore deserves much thought and attention. Not that it is at All necessary to dress the hair elaborately indeed elegant simplicity is Tho Rule now in coiffure As Iii All other matters of dress and is As hard to attorn in on i As in another. Hie thought time and attention should to expended in a careful study of ones face. Both As Points. The one maybe emphasized and heightened and the other lessened or even concealed More by a judicious style of hair dressing than by any other one Means. Fob a Middle aged lady. I am myself a firm believer in Tho theory that each should study and Experiment if need be till the particular style most becoming is discovered which should then be adopted and worn invariably. Many people tire of an unvarying fashion however and it is certainly True that a change is often necessary for the Well being of the hair. If one has very much hair especially the Scalp becomes More heated in the spot Over which Tho hair is massed and if this is Long continued the hair would grow thin in that place. It is therefore Well to change from a High to Low dressing of the hair occasionally if one can do so to preserve the hair with Many this would he impossible from Tho fact that it is distinctly becoming to Wear the hair High or Low As the Case or face May be and distinctly unbecoming to dress it in the other Stylo. Even in these instances however some modifications of the general style May to made enough to accomplish the desired end. No face can be really Plain that is become ugly framed or crowned with a wealth of Glossy hair. At the same time stress must be Laid on the word becoming for the most Beautiful hair May be made ugly by i artistic dressing and detract from even the loveliest face. A few general rules should be remembered in choosing a style of l air dross a for an Oval face the hair should be dressed at the Crown a Low coiffure is decidedly to be preferred when the face is Long and rather narrow because it apparently shortens the neck which is almost invariably Long with a Long face and for obvious reasons a round face will look Best with a coiffure that has a lengthening effect. The bang is noticeably Shorter than formerly and when it is Fluffy a few soft curls Aro allowed to fall Over Tho forehead while the remainder of the bang is pinned Back on the head with invisible hairpins or trained to remain in place of its own Accord. When Tho hair Waves naturally Ana the shape of the forehead will permit the hang is curled Only at the sides the Middle of the forehead being uncovered. Bach an arrangement is Only suitable for a Broad Low forehead another pretty bang which May however Only to worn with a certain style of coiffure is Cut and arranged to fall evenly in fringe fashion upon the forehead. It should do borne in mind in this connection that a blonde bang May be much thicker and heavier on the forehead than a dark one. The Pompadour is rarely seen being Only worn by old and elderly ladles whose Beautiful Gray tresses when thus arranged lend an air of matronly elegance to the face that is partic Barly desirable. Curls at the Nape of the neck Are becoming to every one save the woman whose neck is abnormal a Short. These curls need brides a coiffure. Not be pronounced unless so desired but when worn with a Semi High coiffure they Are invariably improving. Ornaments for the hair find less favor than formerly although borne coiffure Are Given a More secure and finished appearance by the addition of a fancy Shell pin or comb and for evening toilets they Are often worn. They generally consist of a Cluster of Ostrich tips a Small Augrette a jewelled pin or Dagger or a Flower or two. As has been said simplicity and a Graceful Beauty bordering on the picturesque is the Rule for the hair at present. Perhaps More hair is seen dressed Low than High but there is the greatest possible Liberty in this respect and anything is allowable which is becoming. For what Saith the poet a Beauty is its own excuse for illustrations of some of Tho new styles of hair dressing Are Given with this a pretty coiffure for a Bride has the Short hair about the forehead Lighty curled. The hair is then parted on each Side of the head from the Middle of the Eyebrow to the Nape of the neck. One lock in front is waved and thrown Back. The two Side locks Are then waved and joined together behind and Tho lower hair coiled in Catogan shape. The hair on top of the head is arranged in a Light puff and Over it is placed a Wreath of Orange blossoms in the shape of a Ducal Coronet. The largest illustration shows a very Ehi Dorate coiffure for evening. In this Tho hair at the temples and behind the ears Down to Tho lowest hair in the Nape of Tim neck is so arranged that it forms thick Waves without being too stiff or formal. A few straggling hairs must be left to curl at tile temples and on the neck. The knot i of hair on the Crown is made up of thick interwoven ringlets letting a few Points come through at various places in order to give a Light and becoming effect. Hie ornament is made with a Gold Gal j Loon encircling the knot of hair in greek j Stele and a Bow with loops and ends Oft this balloon is placed on one Side. Tile i front hair is made a mass of friezes and a j Crozier shaped Golden ornament is f Ruit through them into the knot behind. Another evening coiffure is a Little higher and has natural Flowers for ornament. This is suitable for quite Young ladies being simple though for this Stylo which does not require very Long hair Tho whole mass is parted across Tho Bend and both Halvas pinned at the ton of Tho same to a Ama i braid foundation. If the hair is net very thick it May up my to tied together hero. Single pretty thick strands Are thou curled round the first angers of both hands beginning fit Tho end a seen in the lower portion of Fie illustration Aud Tho Purl tints made is then divided in the Middle with both it is Donk this Way. Thumbs and the open ends of the same tin Ned upwards with both hands each half being held tight Between the first and third lingers so that the Root of Tho liar strand lies Between the two halves of the curl in which Way Abow is made As is also shown in Hie lower part of the picture. Several such bows Aro to to pinned beside each other yet so that the hair pins Are seen As Little As possible. A Small Wreath of fresh Flowers fastened on at the Side with a thick ornamental pin. Completes Tho coiffure. Another illustration shows hair in a modified shape which could to worn by most every one As it is both Low and High at the same time. Tho hair must be Long and thick for this or else a switch must to used in the latter Case Tho own hair twisted softly May form the in Aller loops on each Side at the top Over the switch which is twisted and looped below All the hair being first tied firmly at the Crown. The front hair is curled softly and Shell pins or Small Gold ornaments keep Tho smaller loons of hair on Vicli Side in place a style of coiffure becoming and appropriate for Middle aged ladies is shown in another Cut in both front and Back View. Tho hair which must be Long and thick is parted across the head tied together behind about half Way up and the front locks waved a Little combed Back and pinned to the same. The whole mass is then divided into two halves and each half again into two strands they Aro needs a switch. Each twisted Over each other to form Tor Sades which Are taken up and pinned across each other on the top of Tho head they Are carried Down until the ends disappear in the loops of the lower strands As seen in the illustration. Largest american cities. Their population tabulated for convenient reference. Providence journal for the accommodation of those who take an interest in such statistics a list of All the cities we hich have a population of Over 50,-000 by the present census is appended together with their population on the two previous census years. They Are divided into five classes those of the first class being All those of Over 400,000 inhabitants the second class those Between 200,000 and 400,000 the third cities Between 100,000 and 200,000 the fourth those Between 70,000 and 100,000, and the fifth All Between 60,00 and 70,000. Cities of the first class. 1870. 1880. 1800. New york042,202 1,200,200 1,813,501 chicago.298,977 603,185 1,090,133 Philadelphia. .674,022 847,170 1,040,202 brooklyn300,099 600,003 804,377 St. Louts.310,804 850,618 400,357 boston250,620 302,839 440,607 baltimore287,364 832,313 433,547 cities of tre second class 1870 1880. 1880. San Francisco. ,149,473 �33,959 297,990 cincinnati.210,239 255,139 290,309 Cleveland. 92,829 106,140 281,546 buffalo117,714 155,134 254,457 new Orleans. 191,418 216,099 241,495 Pittsburg. 88,070 150,389 238,473 Washington too he 147.293 229,790 Detroit. 79,577 1x0,840 205,669 Milwaukee. 71,440 115,857 204,140 cities of the third class. 1870. 1880. 1890. Newark105,069 136,508 181,518 Minneapolis 13,000 46,887 165,438 Jersey City. 82,547 120,722 163,987 Louisville. 100,753 123,753 161,005 Omaha. 16,083 80,518 139,520 Rochester. 62,880 89,300 138,327 St. Paul. 20,030 41,473 133,150 Kansas City. 32,260 55,785 132,416 Providence. 68,904 104.867 132,043 Indianapolis. 48,244 76,066 108.445 Denver. 4,769 35,629 100,670 Allegheny. 63,180 78,632 104,007 cities of the fourth class. 1370. 1880. 1890. Albany. 30,422 00,758 94,640 Columbus. 31,274 51,647 90,398 Syracuse. 43,051 61,792 87,877 new Haven 60,840 62.882 86,081 Worcester. 41,105 68,291 84,630 Scranton. 35,092 45,850 83,450 Toledo. 34,684 a 60,137 82,052 Richmond. 61.038 02,600 80,838 Paterson. 33,679 61,031 78,358 Lowell. 40.928 69,475 77,605 Nashville. 25,865 43.350 76,300 fall River. 26,760 43,961 74,351 cities of the fifth class. 1870. 1880. 1890. Cambridge. 39,634 62,650 60.837 Atlanta. 21,709 37,409 05,545 Memphis. 40,220 33,692 64.686 rapids 16,507 32,010 64,147 Wilmington 30,841 42,478 61,437 Troy. 46,463 68,746 00,099 Reading. 33,9.9 43.978 68,926 Dayton. 80,473 88,078 68.508 Trenton. 22.874 29,910 68,438 Camden. 20,045 41,059 68,254 Lynn. 28,233 38,274 55,684 Lincoln. 2,441 18,003 55,684 Charleston. 48,966 49,084 64,602 Hartford. 87,180 42,015 03,182 St. Joseph. 16,005 32,431 62,811 los angeles________5,728 11,133 60,394 Evansville. 21,Uso 20.235 50,074 Des Moines 12,035 �2,408 60,067 a Hunters Paradise. In this unknown land Bear Elk and the Noble Black tailed Deer exist in almost countless numbers and in All but perfect fearlessness of Man and Here from the great difficulty of Access to their Domain the enterprising sportsman May find them Ages hence says a letter from the state of Washington. Until the summer just passed no Hunters prospectors or explorers Rifle had Ever awakened Tao echoes of their Hills. This Len term a Paradise is the pen insula lying West of puget sound and embracing All Hie territory West from the sound to the Pacific Ocean and the Straits of san Juan de fuel South to the Northern line of Che Halish county comprising the entire counties of Callam an of Jefferson and is locally known As the a olympic Range a glance at a map will Best inform the Reader of the extent of this territory where until last summer Tho noblest game on the continent has lived in undisturbed peace. His Reward. Leslie s illustrated weekly generous Tea merchent you have been with me 40 years today or. Bardwell. His old bookkeeper yes sir. Generous Tea merchant a i m going to show you substantially that i appreciate your services. You re getting old Aud feeble and can to move around very quickly. So i m going to have a fire escape put on the counting room window. Bowser kicked the cat and also told the poor baby to shut up just because his suit of clo lies did Sot arrive. Learns that tailors Aro less reliable than dressmakers. Too Small for them ought to is published to Tho Public at Large As non compos on the third Day after the above conversation i noticed that or. Bowser limped Asho came Home to supper. Quot had a fall a a i queried. A no Quot i notice that you Are a not much in a not one of the lame i was sure that he was uncomfortable if not suffering but nothing More was said until after supper. Then to dodged up stairs and Wien i went up stairs after him a few minutes later i found him with his shoe and sock off. Quot foot was cold and i thought i would rub it a Little you know a he explained. Quot or. Bowser you be got a Corn in a never a a a in a certain of it i hold your foot up Bere a a Bosh my foot is cold that Sall. Cern id like to see a Corn come on my foot Quot Quot hold it up Here there there or. Bowser if that Isnit a Corn Between your toes then i never saw one ifs a soft Coin. It Oomes from a tight shoe. Your toes have been pinched until they rubbed Quot it can to Quot but it Quot a Man or woman who will Wear shoes too Small for them ought a he drove me out of the room and locked Tho door but 11 a tile satisfaction of knowing that he Sui i for a whole week. The nearest he owned up to it was when became Home and said Quot no wonder i suffered. Carbuncles Are tender things. It would have put you in Quot i never heard of a Carbuncle Between the Quot probably not. There Are several things in this world you never heard of smart As you i expected a new dress to come up one evening in time for a party to which we had been invited. At g of clock he began to grow uneasy and queried a Quot Why on Earth did no to you have it Here this morning a Quot it Wasny to a then you should have your order farther ahead. Mrs. Bowser you Are a very soft Quot but the dress will be Here by 7.�?� a bet you two farms to a Centi never knew anything of yours to come up within 24 hours of the time promised. This is a Nice state of affairs i must say a Quot the dress will Quot not until tomorrow and we might As Well make up our minds to stay at it was Thoro at 6.30, and he got out of a danced of and Down kicked the cat told the baby to shut it by saying that it was a mistake for which the dressmaker would probably commit suicide a week later to ordered a new suit stipulating that they were to to sent up at noon on a certain Day. We were to go to a party that night and at breakfast i queried a do you feel certain of your new suit a Quot do i feel certain that i live a he replied with a grand wave of his hand. Quot but it May not come a and the Sun May bust its Biler and the pieces Tumble to Earth. The clock will not Nave struck 12 before that suit is Here. But when to came up to dinner i had to inform him that no suit liar arrived. A ooh Well the parcel boy is taking it slow a he answered. A it will be Here before i but it Wasny to. To waited to minutes Over time and then went to Tho Telephone and called the tailor up and said a i suppose that suit has started on its Way could not of course hear tile reply. A Why that suit i ordered a week tailors reply unheard a you Haven to that s a pretty idea do you moan to Tell me that suit is not finished a tailors reply unheard Quot Well you see that you do if ifs one minute after 6 ill leave the suit on your hands a a How about my dressmaker a i asked As he Hung up the trumpet. A How about nothing dressmakers deliberately perjure themselves while this was a Mere oversight. It la be up at 6.�?� bid if not a Dnn to i say it would be up at 6? make All your arrangements to go to that when he came up at 6 and failed to find had been suffering with a soft Corn for about a week before or. Bowser suddenly inquired Quot what on Earth makes you Limp As you walk a Quot i did no to know As i did Limp. I have a Corn Quot com a yes Evi Dence that the fools Aro not Allread vet Good enough for you or any other woman who la Jam her no. 5 feet into no. 3 shoes Hope you la have a Doz n in Quot Doms done to always come from nearing tight shoes a a a done to they bet you 81,000,000 to a cent they do can to come any Otner Way and a Man or woman who will Wear shoes a Bosh my foot is cold that Sall. Corn in the suit to turned five shades whiter. Going to the phone to yelled to the tailor a wherein Halifax is that suit of mine i. Ii Loris reply unheard a no. It Hasni to. What do you mean by such conduct tailors reply unheard yes if it comes at Sharp 7, hut not a minute later you folks Don n there must have All been on a drunk this week a a is it coming at 7?�?� i asked. A certainly. I didst Exi it act it before but wanted to hurry Mem up a Quot Well i Hope it will a a Hope it will come and that Sall there is about it a but 7 o clock Cali c without the suit. It did no to come at half Paet nor at 8, and or. Bowser called up the cant my and was told that Tho tailor shop was shut up. Hed Aneed up and Down rapped on the Box kicked Tho cat Aud told baby to shut up Aud finally he fell into a chair and looked Atmo in a cold icy Way. Quot Well How about dressmakers Quot i asked. Quot not to word mrs. Bowser not a word i so How it is Quot How what is a Quot dior of your revengeful work you wan to to got even with me and you have done it a a but what did i do a a never you mind let your own conscience answer in a going Down Down and if i return to the House you can communicate with any lawyer you see but he was Homo and Iii bed by 11, and glad to drop the Detroit free Presa. A Way to Saye Money. The citizens Security investment com Pany Lias a plan of its own. There Aro numerous Bond investment companies now to Foo Bio Public. Among the most successful of such organizations is the citizens Security investment company incorporated get. 25, under the Laws of Virginia having its new England office at 323 Washington St., Boston. Tho local management of this company is vested Iii Well known business men of this state of Good financial standing and High reputation. Its president is or. Samuel Hunt the builder and contractor of now Bedford who last year completed Tho Odd follows Block in that town and who now has Tho contract to build Tho Bristol county court House. The treasurer of Tho company is or. A c. Golden of Taunton Ono of the leading physicians of the City a member of Many social organizations and a Man of sound business judgment. Or. C. J. Ii. I Arf on of new Bedford who for tile past 16 years has been connected with the new Bedford High school and a Well known secret order Man is also interested in Tho management of the citizens Security company. Tile purpose of the company is to do a sound investment business on t lie most conservative methods in the interest of its bondholders. The company has a Large staff of correspondents and agents and has already issued Over 3000 Bonds. Its funds Aro deposited with the International Trust company of Boston and the Money so deposited is used solely for the payment of its maturing certificates. I lie company docs not Issue Bonds of several denominations but Only one Bond of 8100, which it Aims to mature at the Cost of about $35. The premiums of the company Aro called once a Mouth no More no less. The numbers of the Bonds Aro graded in Selling blocks of five so that no. I will vory nearly mature the balance and the premiums Are also graded so that any Holder who gets a Bond in the first thousand is no better off financially than the Man who gets into the 3000, intending Bond buyers Bro invited to examine the company a circular and to make themselves acquainted i its schedule of payments which the officers Promise to adhere to in every particular. Tho influx of new business Lias already placed Tho company ahead of its schedule and Tho prompt payments of All Bonds As they mature can be guaranteed. Moreover tile officers being men of Means they Are prepared if necessary to put their hands into their own pockets in order that All contracts shall be duly met. The citizens Security investment company believes in the survival of the fittest and its officers Are not afraid to stand tile test of time. On Jan. I it made its first monthly payment of 22 Bonds the face value boing 8100 each but costing Only $35 each an acceptable now year s present to the bondholders. The company a plan is free from complications and it offers to persons of Large or tonal Means a Way to secure profitable ret urns for Small savings at once equitable and inexpensive. Circulars and Tim in i lest parti oui ars As to agencies May be had by addressing the Boston office of the corporation. Suspension without cords. A simple trick that will Surprise an unsuspecting audience. Dip a thread in Strong Salt water then dry it thoroughly. Do tills two or three times in succession but do it secretly so that your thread May appear to the audience like any Ordinary thread. Suspend to it As Light a ring As you can get then set fire to the thread which will Burn from one end to the other and tile spectators will be surprised to see the ring remain suspended by the ashes of the string which has just been destroyed before their Oyes. In reality the fibrous part of the thread has been burned but Thoro remains a Small tube of Salt solid enough to Bear the weight of the Light ring attached. Be careful that Tho operation is not exposed to a draft. This Experiment which is known under the name of Quot suspension without cords May be varied in the following manner. Tie four ends of thread to the four Corners of a Square piece of Muslin thus forming a Hammock. Dip the whole in Strong Salt water then dry it repeating the operation Throe or four times. As soon As the Muslin and threads Are Well saturated with the solution and thoroughly dry. Place an empty egg in the suspended Hammock As represented in the illustration. Set fire to the Hammock which with the threads will Burn and if this Experiment be Well prepared the egg will remain suspended to the great astonishment of the audience. Success crowning labor. Mission work of or and mrs. Tuck in the Aleutian islands. In 1889 a or. Tuck and wife were sent from Boston under the auspices of the ladies methodist society to establish a school at the Village of Junaluska in the Aleutian islands. To any one acquaints with the opposition to education that the priests and officials connected with the russian Church have in former years displayed Cie task was certainly no easy one. Tho Church being inimical to education it May readily to perceived the up Hill work or. Aud or. Tuck had to undertake or. Tuck and his indefatigable v Ife leased a House from the Alaska commercial company and commenced their up Fiill work. Mrs. Tuck commenced her labors by i inducing the grown up girls to visit her. She showed them How to work on various fancy sewing allowed them to see How she cooked and by dint of persuasion enticed them to come into Tho schoolroom. There or. Tuck appealed to their musical instincts a Strong feature in the aleuts character. A Vei y Fine Organ materially aided the work. Gradually tile indefatigable teachers were rewarded by increased attendance the daughters of the russian priest and those of tile sex priest a1 speaking a Little English came in. A number of half bread girls were added to tile list and six girls were sent from the Seal islands by the government agent to be boarded and taught at the establishment. The course of study pursued is Reading and writing arithmetic and a vast amount of vocal music. In every Way the girls have improved in deportment language and brightness they have developed Tho silliest faculties. A ? i he greatest credit is due to mrs. And or Luck for their work and As they it Pend mainly upon Cie a d Boston will afford them it is to be hoped their efforts will meet with recognition the number of girls and boys that desire admission to the school from every Village in the Aleutian archipelago is very great but owing to the Small capacity of the House they cannot be accommodated. Systematic playing. The Quarter Back should by a heavier flan than of old. Two or Throe especially important Points in a game. Heretofore the exercise has been Light and Tho duties of Tho Captain simple and easy hut from now on things assume a different aspect. Regular and systematic play is begun and before a week has passed the men arc indulging in a hard game every Day. Of course Tho first week of Active play represents a cries of gradation. The length of practice for Tho first Day should to about in minutes for the second 20. For the third two 15 minute halves for the fourth two 20-Mlnute halves and so on up to two half hours. This last should to the limit for a week or so till Tho Mon get Well hardened and Strong. Throwing the Ball. Now i have no doubt that some Are wondering Why i have said Tho captains duties Are no longer easy. It is simply because he has to begin to form an estimate of Tho material at ins command to pick out Hie Best nun Tor Tho various positions Aud train them All up to Tho tricks and science of the game. Tho first Days practice is any mistake in judgment May prove disastrous. The difficulty of the iou is caused by the fact that in foot Hall the 22 men Are in to a it the entire time and each Ono Tapo i to have a share in every play. I enc. Arises tile Neces Tyhof watching 22 Mon at once and deciding which Are Tho Host an enormous undertaking. However by degrees it comes easier and easier until soon tile Captain is Able to take Iii the whole Field at a glance and observe which men Aro doing Well and which Are no Good. The first assignment of the player is More or loss a matter of speculation and is based on the physical appearance of tile Mon. A Captain should have his mind made unas to what kind of a team lie wants i. A a a what size a amp a for the different positions and what qualifications they must possess. And then to should choose accordingly. Of course every one Lias his own ideas but in my opinion a team should to composed As far As possible of Stout Stocky men. Strong Ami Active with plenty of there is a tendency nowadays to sacrifice everything to weight which is a great mistake a Strong Active Man has no trouble in out playing a big heavy Clumsy one and what is More the latter soon tires out and then becomes worse than useless. Also very tall men Are not desirable unless they have a build proportionate to their height. Because a Man whose height is Over six aet weight 180 pounds it does not necessarily follow that lie is heavy in the foot Hall sense of the term. Far from it. Ile is outweighed really by one whose height is Only 5 feet 8 inches and weight Only is pounds. In the Case of the former his Woi Glit is All scattered and cannot be concentrated so its to amount to anything. Whereas the latter has his so compact t hat it can always to made to count. In the one Case it is like being hit with a Feather bed in the other by a Cannon Hall. Having come to a conclusion about the style of his team the Captain should then assign Tho new men to their various positions. He should pick out for cml rusher a Man who is a fast runner and at the same preparing for a kick time Active Strong and built from Tho ground up. It is necessary that lie be a last runner because he must he always the first one Down the Field on the kicks to prevent their being returned and because he must under no circumstances Ever let a runner get around his end. As he has More open tackling to do than any other Man in the Lino. Lie must therefore be sure to tackle Low and hard. And in consequence should be Strong and care should be taken in choosing a Tackler. Up till three or four years was customary to stick the poorest Man Iii the Lino at tackle because it was considered Tho least important position. But Tho Progress that Trio game has taken of late Lias brought about so great a change that now tackle is not Only one of the most important positions hut is probably Aiso the most difficult to play successfully. Two of the lest tacklers that have Ever had on foot Hall clothes Are Cowan of Princeton and Gill of Yale. These two men have brought the position of tackle to where it now stands and i Lave proved by their own wonderful playing How vitally important a position it is too. They also represent Ideal tackles and prove what should be Hie requisites of a player in that position. He should be very powerful and solid and at tile same time Quick and Active. Iii Short let your motto to a was much weight and strength As possible provided it be combined with tile Tackler As one would imagine from the name has an enormous lot of tackling to do and this has also to be considered in choosing a Man for the position. Another duty of the Tackler is running with Tho Ball which he is now very frequently called upon to do. The weight capt. Poems ideas of modern foot Ball. Of Tho Tackler should Range anywhere from 165 to 180 pounds. The election of the three Centre men Dan other extremely arduous task. These three men should be Tho heaviest mid strongest in the i be and Torrn As it Wero the key to it. If ice is King. Is indispensable to Success that they stand firm. They do most of their tackling in a preliminary practice has already been written on in one Imper so now i will leave that subject and go in to the second stage in Tho develop in it of the Gizmo of loot Ball. After the preliminary work is Over Tho real task begins. Crowd so that they Are never conspicuous but their work is notwithstanding Nono thu ism a Nab to. Of possible it is preferable that these Bree nun be Stocky under six i feet Aud weigh from 180 Gnu Ani. Now Asto the Quarter Back. To Ere seems to to a prevalent idea til at he should be a Small Man. And custom and practice have j borne the idea out. Bot it is an erroneous Ideo. Tie Quarter Back instead of n weighing i to or 135 pounds should weigh at least i 145 or 150. Of course to should be tile i quickest Man on Tho Wain but there Are i plenty of Active men neighing 145 pounds who could be trained into excellent quarters. The advantage that the heal for Man i has Over the Light r consists in the fact that he is better capacitated physically for enduring his hard tackling that Falls upon him and can perform More work when it comes to shoving of course there Aro exceptional cases where a Small Man docs More than a larger one would but what i mean is that if a Man weighing say 145 pounds be As Quick and As Good a player As one weighing 1.35 i pounds the latter should not be nut in Mio position just because he is a Small Man and j because according to precedent Quarter backs should be Small men. As i have said above the Quarter Back should of the most Active men on the team. He should also be very Strong and As hard As a Bullet an accurate passer and a dead i sure Tackler. But lbs chief requisite is brain. He should have Thebes and clearest 1 Bend of a1and should never mtg a. Lately it has become the prevailing custom and a one it is too to let Tim quarters give the signals by this time is saved and the team plays a much faster game in consequence. Quarter Back is undoubtedly the Best place for a Captain. From there to can take in the whole Field Aud see every opening Iii the opposing Lino. The half backs Are the Grout scorers of a team and should be clio., with Hie utmost oar Aud Diligence. They should be Well knit together very Strong and very Active and steady on Tho feet. Especial attention should to Given to their running dodging and bucking abilities and for those banalities chiefly they should to chosen. Of course they ought to know also How to kick and especially to catch Tho Ball. Most teams have what is called a Lucking Hulf Hook or one to break through the line while the other is in Sod for skirting it. In other words one half Back is usually a Good Deal heavier and stronger than Tho other v to makes up for his Lack of weight in agility and quickness. It is better however to have half backs either of whom Are Abl to Buck Tho Hue or run around i it it is a much St Ronger combination than to a one first mentioned finally we Coran to Tho full Back. Size has very Little to do in the selection of Man for this place which is the most difficult of All to fill. The Fuli backs main duty is kicking and in tins it is essential that Hobo extremely proficient and just Horn lies the whole trouble for. Although kicking is a Knack a my comes natural to Many still it is Only perfected after a great amount of practice and hard work a i lie full bad not Only has to be Able to punt but he must punt quickly and accurately. Nor is this All. He Lins to he Akil Fui at Down kicking As Well and tills demands even More practice than punting. Hence the full Back cannot but made in a Day nor even Iii one season. The Captain should always Nick out his Man the year before Ami keep Nim hard at work tile entire How the Crystal Block is obtained. Mode of operation watched by a Globe reporter. Nicomen preparing to increase their Bank account. Rss my a a. In in he ice crop i Ripe. Tho iceman who have been pleasantly occupied in clipping coupons and trying to spend their incomes since last Summers reign of High prices for the past few weeks have been anxiously chanting Quot what shall Tho Harvest to a but Are now busily cutting the Bountiful crop and stowing it away against a Day of need. The Harvest is on and the merry rasp of Tho saw and the scrape of the Quot Groover Quot is Beard in the land. The dry rot and the blight Aro enemies of which the ice grower know eth not and now in Tim joyous fullness of his heart he skip Poth like a Young ram and Mcketh a glad acclaim As the Square White blocks of frigidity Chase each other into the ice Sheds and lie Down together until the time when Summers heat shall Call them Forth and they shall go out into the world to temper the torrid Waves for a consideration Yea verily for a consideration Good Clear ice. It is ready to be Cut up into blocks now. An arca of perhaps an acre or even More a bean cleared. The regulation Width Marker if now brought out and parallel grooves 46 inches apart Are Mode in the ice. Then at right angles to the a grooves others Are rim. Marking the ice surface out into 46-Inch Toliese grooves what is called a Groover is run. This is to deepen Tho cuts already i made. It consists of simply a set of jagged j steel Teeth set in Row one behind another in a beam like a ploughs. First six Inch i Teeth Are used. Then comes an eight Inch i one followed by a ten Inch machine if the ice is thick enough to require it. Of course Hiest Teeth do not out Down into the ice i their entire length. What is wanted is to i Cut Down through about half the thickness of the ice. Till ice being harvested yester i Day was from 13 to 15 inches thick and the grooves made were about seven inches deem after the Groover comes Tho old fashioned instrument the saw. Now done to for a moment imagine that each of these cakes is sawed apart from its neighbors. Comparatively Little use is made of the saw thank to the deep grooves who Coli have already been made in the ice. A the sawing begins on the outside limit of the area which have been marked out. An entire Row of cakes is sawed out on each fido of this Field to allow the swinging of the i Large blocks Wlinich Are now to be Cut off. After these lanes Are made at the sides the Sawyers Cut through Hie grooves in lines parallel to the lanes cutting off a float from 20 to 30 cakes Long. These parallel cuts at such distances apart Are All the Jawin that is dope. Sharp ice bars do Tho i rest. With those Fields of cakes of the length already named and five cakes in Width Are pried apart. A few thrust of the bar Are sufficient to pry off Thi mass including from too to 150 cakes. Spring so As to have him developed by Tho fall. Bosk is however possessing to my Art always anything but a scientific exhibition of foot Hall for the reason that most of the men Are Green at the game Ami do not know exactly what to do. Itis no uncommon sight to see a Man pick up the Ball and run with it in the wrong direction or deliberately throw it from in to 20 Yards to another of his own Side and smile a self satisfied smile a it he had performed a wonderful cat. Tile repetition of Quot off Side play is also frightfully numerous and tackling around the ears Aud Scalp a con Stant occurrence. To eradicate All these faults Falls to the lot of the Captain and the enormity of the task depends upon the number of Greenhorn to be trained. But by far the most difficult Alia important duty of Tho capt in is the selecting of Tho team. I to importance of it must he Clear to All. For it is absolutely essential that Hie Hest men to chosen and of kicking tile full Back should Ixia skilful dodger j ast runner and sure Tackler. Fur Many years toe Lute Back was called on Only to kick the Bali to catch it. And to tackle a runner if lie got Hack to him. As for advancing the Hall himself by running it. Was almost unheard of even now Tho old idea has not been eradicated. However All the colleges nowadays use Hie full Back for Bot i kicking and running. The substitute Loo should not he forgotten. There should be a substitute for each position chosen with considerable care. All to Liao Points that i have mentioned and Tho qualifications that i have said every player should possess the Captain should Bear in mind when selecting his team i know Itiat it is Well nigh impossible to got together a team that comes up in every Way to the Ideal on that i Hay drawn but what i mean is that the Captain should have Tho Ideal team As a Standard and a. Tempt to realize it of nearly As possible. Again suppose hat there is Hie necessary Mal a ii a i As far As physical development goes then tile question comes up have the men brains enough and this is a mighty important matter for no matter How Strong a Man is if he does not play with head he is literally no account in the present stage of development of tile game because his wi.,�? i i. i. A a using ice saw. Blunders ruin All team play and Only serve to demoralize Tho rest of the eleven again a Man May possess Bol to Hie physical Power Ami till brain and if lie be lacking in a a grit or Quot Sand a As it is termed he might As Well lie cast overboard for lie will never amount to a Row of plus. The element of Chanco also i enters Iii and sometimes plays an important role. For stance you May just have trained up a Man for a position Ana be congratulating yourself upon the Good work he is doing when All of sudden he is put in some scrimmage and prevented by reason of ids Accident from playing the rest of Tho season. Tins frequently happens and there is nothing that discourages a Captain so much As to see his Hest men and Tim ones he has been relying so much on being put on the retired list so to speak. But All these things have to to contended again stand overcome and he is a poor Captain who Ever despairs. Ice is now King and All about Boston in places where last Winter saw not a suspicion of his Slipperiness he is shedding the cold gleam of his smile and tons of him Arn now resting in warm Beds of sawdust and thousands of tons More will in a few Days of naught besides be snugly housed for the Summers Trade. All the ice companies Are at it. They have a vigorous grasp upon the Forelock of old father time and they done to intend to let go till the last Nook and cranny of the gorging monsters of icehouse is full with its storage of ice. Out in Wakefield the town whose sport Loving citizens Are wont to sit in Rattan chairs at their Nail games and drink ice water item Wen innings the Glassy countenance of pretty Lake Quanne poit was being seamed and scarred and trodden upon in a most cold blooded Way yesterday when the writer neared it. Some 300 men were busily engaged in no attempt to remove the cover lid of now and Leo which Jack Frost had kindly drawn Over Lier in Hor Winters sleep. And they were succeeding to an alarming extent. Already they had made great rents in her protecting surface and plows saws bars scrapers and other instruments of torture were being actively plied in the work of demolition and denudation which was to leave the quiet Lake naked and shorn before till storm and completely at the mercy of Tho elements. Breaking off the cakes. These Are then started toward the icehouse. They Are punched and prodded along till the Sluice Way leading to the foot of the inclined railway up which the cakes Arn hauled into the houses is reached. Here More bars come into use and the Leo is split up into single strips of five cakes each. Arn veil at Trio foot of the railway More thrusts of a bar separate the a Anglo cakes. They Aro then pushed along till Traoy Are caught on an endless Bolt Winch whisks them up to Tho top whore they Aro sent Skur Runng along on icy wooden pathways to All parts of the buildings. Alen Are stationed along their course to stir in the Lazy and Check the too ambitious. At various Points a cake will be pulled out of the procession and sent on a Side track to its destination in a certain House and before the end of Hie track is reached All the cakes will have been thus disposed of. Till Sheds of the Bolton ice company Are Iii two sections in the shape or wings. There Ore 20 houses in Allio on a Side. And the ends of each Section of to houses face the ends of the other Section. Two endless belts run by a 50-horse Power engine Are used in hauling the Lei up from the water. The lower curve of the track Way on which tiles belts run extends Down into the Waler and As the cakes of toe float up they Are caught Between the bars of the Frame work of the belts. One Belt is used for Ono Section of houses and the other for the second Section. Tracks run along the ends of the Bouse at each Story Ana the House can thus be filled in turn to the roof last year these houses had not a Pound of ice. They will contain about 85, tons and this year they will probably be completely filled for the first time in three years. About 14 cutting Days will be needed to do the work. Last year Wilton and Alton Bay n. A. Had to by levied on for his ice which is being furnished so bountifully this year near Home. Marking and cutting. A fair tackle. Sometimes two players trying for the Hume position Aro running very close and it is almost a toss up Between them As to which is really the better. It is very Baru then to choose and causes a Captain Groat worry Iii making his Choice lie should not. Only Waigli carefully Tho Relativo merits of Tho two men at the present time exhibited but should take into consideration also the r lativ.0 improvement that each has shown in his work within the fast week or so. In other words a Captain should choose a Man not Only for what he is at the time of selection hut also for what he expects him to to by Tho time of Tho important game or games. So much with reference to the collecting of the team and the difficulties attending it. I wish now to refer briefly to flew Points that should not to overlooked. From the very Start the team should he aught to Lino up sharply and play quickly. This is always one of his no Ticaboo characteristics of a first class team and should to persistently insisted on. Again tackling should Bolow hard and sure. It constitute.? the foundation of an eleven a defensive play. Finally too much stress Cannet be Laid on charging. Every Man should be instructed in it from the very first Day to appears on the Field. Every one should go Forward the instant the Ball is in motion. The superiority of a team Over another can nearly always to attributed to a higher degree of excellence in this regard and so it cannot be too strongly emphasized. When these principles Are instilled in the minds of the men then undivided attention should be Given to team play. The latter now plays a great role in Tho game in fact a team generally wins or loses now according As its team play is Superior or inferior to that of its adversary. The idea is to have such a system worked in that Tho la men have a share in every play arid Aid each a no Tho other. This is a great change from the old Way of doing. Iii those Days every Man More or Jose looked out for himself and the result was the Floater frequency of Beautiful individual playing but not an Advance of the steady and sure work that always tells in the end i shall not attempt to go into the details of team play because each collate has its own tricks and schemes and prefer to keep them select from All the others. There Are a few things however that Are common property and these i shall not hesitate to enumerate first a team taken on tile offensive should always contract the line Ann play the Back close to on another Aud also to the line itself. Secondly All the Mon should he mussed at that part of the line where the runner is to run for and should All join in ahoy ing or warding off. Lastly a tackle should scarcely Ever be made by Only one Man. There should always be two or three men Iii it. In a word in both defensive and offensive play the principle to Bear in mind a every one should always be around the Edgar a. Poe. But she made no complaint. She bore the torment without a groan and her Placid face showed no Trace of the anguish she must have Felt at being thus rudely exposed to the stare of the world. It is from this Lake that the Boston ice company expects to get a Large portion of its Supply for the year. It has enormous storage houses Here larger than it has at any other Placo. The company is this year harvesting ice in several other places in Tho Vicinity of Boston. At Woburn it has houses holding about 50,000 tons others at Weymouth and Chelmsford holding about 40,000 tons each. The company expects to use at least 200,000 tons this year. But what carried the writer to Wakefield yesterday was principally a desire to to Como initiated into the mysteries of the process of harvesting from the time the first Murk is made on Tho surface of the ice until Tim Square blocks find a resting place Iii Tho store House. To let us begin at the beginning. First of ail. After Hie thickness and Quality of the ice has been tester and it has been Able to pass a Bort of civil service examination in these respects come the men and horses with Snow plows to remove the Loose Snow from Tho surface. This is hauled off to one Side with a sort of scraper. The Man with the camera caught Ono of these teams in the very aet. And indeed with the Snow in its Possession. A picture of the scene is herewith Given As Prima Facie evidence of Tho truth of the statement As to preliminaries. After the Loose Snow is out of the Way the markers Are next in order. These each require a horse a boy to Lead the horse and a Man to hold the Marker upright. This Marks parallel grooves 23 Bitchos apart. This machine is half the Width of a regular Marker for cutting the cakes. It is Only used when there is a layer of Snow ice which must be removed in order to get Down to the solid article. Snow and rain inning and then freezing on the already deeply Frozen Lake renders this necessary this year. Us 1 of a a a Clearing away the Snow. Air. J. G. Morrill is also busily at work filling the Bouses formerly used by the people s ice company. His houses will hold about 12,000 ions. Yesterday Tho gang of men employed by Tho Boston ice company stored about Klock of these 46-Inch cakes which Are just four times Tho size of these which Tho lumbering ice wagons will bring to your door next summer. Each of these cake will weigh from 150 to 700 pounds. Tho company has Only been harvesting for three Days so they have but made a beginning. The Lake is a mile and a half Long and three quarters of a mile wide however and capable of supplying the demand which is to be Nigado upon it. J. C. Edgerly one lalj�?T3 Success. A Bright boy and what he accomplished by Reading. Charles Dudley Warner in Jan Miry St Nicholas i do not think it i3 very serviceable to make a list of books for children to read. No two have exactly the same aptitudes tastes or kinds of curiosity about Tho world. And Cue Story or bit of information May excite the interest of a class in one school or the children in one family which will not take at All with others. The Only thing is to take hold somewhere and to begin to use the Art of Reading to find out about tilings As you Uso your Oyes and ears. I knew a Dor a scrap of a lad who almost needed a High chair to bring him up to the general level of a dining table who liked to read the ency Elm Gaia. He was always Bunting round in the big i books of the Eno Ylopa dial books about his own size for Eliut he wanted to know he i dug in it As another boy would dig in Tho Woods for Sassafras Root. It appeared that i lie was interested in natural history and natural Phenomena. Me asked quest on of j these Hooks exactly Asho would ask a living authority and kept at it till he got answers he knew How to read. Soon that i boy was an authority on earthquakes. He j liked to have tile conversation at table turn i on earthquakes for then to seemed to be the tallest person at the table. I suppose there was no earthquake anywhere of any importance but that lie could Tell where it occurred and what damage it did. How i Many houses it buried and now Many peo a pie it killed and what shape it left the i country it had shaken. From that he went on to try to discover what caused these disturbances and Thi led him into other investigations and at last into the study of electricity practical As Well As theoretical. He examined machines and invented machines and kept on Reading and presently he was an expert in electricity. He know How to put in wires and signals and Hells and to do a number of practical and useful things and almost Lief re he was Able to enter the High school he had a great Deal of work to loin the City and had three or four men under him. These Mon under him had not read As much about electricity of he had. Canal to the House. In the grooves made by this Small sized a Fri woo Luau Bilio Ola Icia Marker a planer is next run. This shaves off two inches of the Frozen Snow and we v iwo a i Ait Lawall 3i11mv Usu water. It takes two horses to draw this machine and two men sit omit to keep the Blade Well Down to its Worts. In the track w Quot us. In Hio it Tvr of this planer Are left Tho shavings it makes in the shape of Loose chips of ice. These must be gotten out of the Way. This brings on the scene an army of men and horses with big wooden scrapers steel shod resembling sugar scoops on an enormous scale. In these the Loose ice is scraped up Ana hauled away. Now there is left a smooth surface of a Man lost in a sewer. Gustav Larson is employed by the City of Minneapolis in the sewer department. One morning in company with two follow work Aeu he proceeded to 27til St. And make an inspection and clean the sewer of a Jam which seemed to exist. He entered Tho sewer alone his two companions remaining aboveground to give help of necessary. Tile sewer at this Point is 66 inches High. His companions figured out that they would not be needed and walked off. Without a Light Larson lost his bearings and his shouts for assistance brought no answer. Finally Larson gave up shouting Aud endeavoured vainly to Lim another manhole out of which to could Cran i. Thoro were plenty of them but they were out of reach. After wanting Ntaris two hours Larson noticed the passageway was growing smaller and this gave him Hope. Moon after be managed to find a manhole that he could reach and by Tho aul of the sewer Waits reached Terra Firma in an exhausted condition. The escape was made at 4th St. And Cedar av., about Throe Milos from the place of Entrance. Re a

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