Boston Weekly Globe in Boston, Massachusetts
24 Feb 1891

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Boston Weekly Globe in Boston, Massachusetts
24 Feb 1891

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Boston Weekly Globe (Newspaper) - February 24, 1891, Boston, Massachusetts Tile weekly Globe free to any one sending three subscript ions my $3.00. Subscribers a be either old or new the weakly Globe free to any one sending throw subscriptions and 1.00. Subs stoers May be either old or new vol. . 8. Hoston tuesday morning february 24, 18 i. Price five whoops no have forsaken the satisfied with their treatment in Washington. What the warriors did inside history from one who was there. Quot sly people will go on the War path in the Spring. To have been shamefully treated by Secretary Noble said Young Alan Arnld omits horses. Medicine Hull White Host and mad hear All rules were none too Friendly. They were morose and said plainly that they were in favor of going on the War path. A the Best thing to do i to fight a said White ghost. Quot we Are not treated right and done to expect to hat was the Burden of a Story telegraphed from Chicago last week it represented the Indian delegation returning from Washington to their reservations in a most Bloodthirsty Frame of mind breathing threats of laughters to come in the gentle Spring time. It was a very sensational Story. It was important if True but Tho element of truth spotted Elk. Now seems to have been lacking. The Globe is enabled on the Best of lot Hority to state that Thoro is but the slightest probability of a renewal of hostilities in the Spring. Tho Indian chieftains were Well satisfied with their treatment in Washington and went Home to carry a favourable report to their Peoples. The gentleman who is authority for this statement wag with the red men nearly All the time they were in the East. He was the Only White Man. Not a government official who was present at the councils held with Tho indians at the Capitol and they expressed to him quite freely their opinions As to the result of their visit and told him that the Tenor of the report they should make when they got Back Home would be Friendly my in favor of peace. A those interviews must have been taken by a a clairvoyant reporter or by Telephone a Gays this gentleman. A i done to believe american horse Young Man afraid of his horses or any of them Ever said that they were in favor of going on the Warpath again in the Spring. They got All they asked for in Washington and were perfectly satisfied. A they would hesitate Long before going to a War again. They can to afford it. They have suffered much in the latest outbreak and this is fresh in their minds. They went hungry lost their ponies and the lives of Many warriors. A a the life of every Brave is precious to them. They know that they can never replace their dead. There Are Only about 247,000 indians left men women and children. A they realize that the Whites can Call a thousand men to arms for every one that is killed and our Supply of rations horses and weapons in inexhaustible. How different the state of affairs is with them they feel deeply. They cannot afford to dig up the Hatchet and they never will unless they Are driven to it. A a a Soldier fight. Indian fight Soldier no fight Indian no fight a is their watchword. Or. Amos f. Towne said these words to a Globe reporter yesterday. Or. Townie served for three years in Custer a famous regiment the 7th United states cavalry in Tho Indian country. He has always taken an Active interest in the welfare of the red Man and for years since the close of his army service he has been a lecturer upon the Indian question for which his training has peculiarly fitted him. Or. Towne has just returned from Washington where he made tile acquaintance of tue 40 Indian chiefs and head men who had journeyed to the White House to Lay i Weir grievances before the great father. He gamed their Confidence completely As some of the leaders had heard of his efforts in their behalf. To was with them when president Harrison and baby Mckee gave them audience and also at the interviews they had with Secretary Noble and Indian commissioner Morgan. He accompanied them to Philadelphia and when he departed with his Dusky friends they loaded him with tokens of i heir esteem. His collection of Indian curiosities Lias received most valuable additions through his visit to Washington. Or. Towne is Boston born and bred. His army service gave him very decided opinions upon the Indian question. He enlisted in the cavalry. July 27,1866. When 19 years of age. He was sent to the training school at Carlisle penn., since turned into a school for Indian children and in a stay of several months there was put through All the paces of a thoroughly drilled Cavalryman leaving there he joined the 7th cavalry and was quartered at various posts in Kansas till he finally brought up at fort Hays. A peace then reigned in All the territories a to use his own words. A we went Buffalo Hunting and met the indians frequently. They were perfectly Friendly toward us and often invited us to their Camps. These were Sioux and Cheyene indians. A they were honest in All their dealings with us. My horse ran away one Day when i was out Bunting. A party of indians caught him and brought him to the Ford looking for his owner. A we were at fort Hays All Winter. In the Spring of 67 we went to fort Laramie. Here we were soon joined by Gen. Hancock and Gen. Custer with Large bodies of troops. I done to know what Tho troops came for. There were no hostilities afoot but these troops were marched up to a Large Camp of indians near the fort. A one Day a body of indians confronted us in our path As much As to say a thus far and no we were on their reservation and had no right there. A the chiefs implored us to go Back. Their women and children were panic stricken with fright. They feared a repetition of the terrible Chio Nigton massacre of a few years before at band Creek col., where 1000 men women and children were butchered in cold blood by the troops. At that time deeds were done that would have disgraced any Savage tribe in Africa. These Indian women thought the appearance of the troops marching upon their Village meant that the same dreadful Fate was in store for them. A instead of complying with the request of the chiefs we were ordered to encamp near their Village which was nicely located on Pawnee Fork. Here they had plenty of Wood and water. Buffalo were plenty. All their wants were supplied Ana they were living peacefully and in Content. The appearance of the troops sent there to needlessly harass and alarm them changed All this. A about Midnight i was aroused from a deep sleep by some one shaking me rudely. I was told to arouse myself Saddle my horse and rout out the others and have them Saddle As soon As possible. In a Short time the regiment was mounted and moved toward the Indian Camp. We formed a Complete Circle about it and with carbines advanced ready to shoot we advanced. We entered the Village quietly and then to our great Surprise found it deserted. But one Brave Ana a Squaw too old and weak to escape were left in the wigwams. Quot the indians in their terror had left everything behind them their Beautiful Robes their big Camp kettles and All their cooking utensils. The soup was still smoking Over the fires in their wigwams. The Torch was at once applied. The dogs the indians had left behind them refused to make friends with us but rushed into the burning wigwams with dismal howls and perished in the Dames. A the news was soon dashed Over the country Aud a signal Victory Over the blood thirsty Savages was loudly proclaimed. A the Spring of �?T68 found us in the Saddle and marching into the Indian territory. We had several fights with the indians but in All this Campaign Only one Soldier was killed. The indians were poorly armed with bows and arrows or muzzle loading rides and the repeating rifles of the soldiers made terrible inroads upon the ranks of their Swarthy opponents. A the troops were always the aggressors in these fights. There had been no outbreak by the indians when tile troops came without warning on the scene. They seemed to he there for the express purpose of keeping Tho indians stirred up and inciting them to deeds which could furnish an excuse for a murderous onslaught upon them a in the fall a Winter Campaign was inaugurated by Custer against the redskins whose Only offence had been their resistance to his attacks and remonstrance Aga not his encroaching upon their reservation. A in november of 1808 we marched toward the Wichita River and found on its Banks an Indian Village extending along for several Miles. A one night orders were Given us to March on this Village. The Snow was knee deep and the Mercury was at Zero. Silently we we ent along till one of our scouts heard the tinkle of a Heil on the wok of a Herd Pony and we knew we had struck the Village. A we spread out and surrounded the first Camp. Then we were halted and had to stand there in the Snow in silence. We were allowed to talk Only in whispers and even forbidden to stamp our feet to keep them warm. A at Daybreak the order to charge rang out. And we dashed upon the Supri Sefl Ana panic stricken indians. They were poorly armed and helpless. A in a few minutes the work of death was done. Black Kettle and his band of cheyennes were killed. 50 women and children were captured and 900 Indian ponies were slaughtered. A during the fight i saw a Buffalo Robe upon the ground. Lifting it up i found under it a half Breed and a Little child. He could speak some English and in broken tones ejaculated. A spare my life a a i took him prisoner Ana was on my Way to Custer when i was met by my Captain. As soon As he saw the Indian he pulled out his revolver and shot him dead though i hurriedly exclaimed that he was my prisoner. A that Battlefield convinced me that our treatment of the Indian was outrageous and unjust. A what i saw then was not War but murder. A i enlisted to be a Soldier and not a government Assassin. A that Captain was later court martial led for drunkenness. A the killing of Black Kettle was cowardly and murderous. Of him Gen. Harnley said a a a although i have worn the uniform of my government 45 years i had not a better Friend than Black a col. Boone snid with tears in his eyes a a a Black Kettle was my Friend. A a a he was a Good Man. A a a he was a at Sundown we marched out of the Camp leaving 19 men under maj. Elliott behind us dead. Our object had been accomplished and we made our escape As soon As possible. A the governments treatment of the Indian has always been marked by treachery. A when the troops conquer and put to death a Large number of indians it is heralded As a great Victory. A when the indians Are victorious it is called a cruel massacre. A the Indian is worthy of civilization and that is Tho solution of this vexed question. The government could Settle it tomorrow if it would. A make Good the broken promises. A give them their rights. A educate their children not As soldiers but As workers. A keep off the lands we have granted them to live on. A furnish them their supplies honestly. A then they will not want to fight and the land will have heard the last of Indian wars. A no worse instance of an unwarranted intrusion upon the indians can he cited than the invasion of the Black Hills by troops in �?T74. As Long As the Laud was worthless the red Man was left Iii peaceful Possession but w Hen Gold was discovered All treaty obligations were thrust aside. Finally a Large Campaign was inaugurated to find the Camp of sitting Bull. Gen. Terry at that time department commander sent two Large commands one under Gibbons and Tho other under Custer. They were Given live Days in which to reach the Camp. Quot Custer was ambitious and by forced marches he reached the Camp in three Days. He was anxious to win All the honors of a glorious Victory single handed. A there Custer made his fatal mistake. In the years before tile indians had never made a determined stand against him. They had been poorly armed and unable to Cope with the rifles of the soldiers. A but Here they were armed As Well As he. Their Camp was six Miles Long and contained thousands of warriors. There was no Chance for escape. They were ready to make their last great fight against a the yellow hair a As they called Custer. For years they had hated him and yearned for vengeance. A at last their Chance had come. A when Custer a men got off their horses they were too tired to fight. They could hardly hold their rifles the Long hard March had so told on them Young Man afraid of his horses. His Mark. Quot it was a fair stand up fight and they faced a the yellow hair for a death struggle. A the Bali made the second vital mistake of dividing his forces. There were no muzzle loaders Here. Custer was outnumbered and the w orld knows the result. A it w As hailed on All sides As a cowardly massacre but it was Only the fruits of what the government had sown. A they a sowed the wind and reaped the a from an Indian standpoint it was simply Justice Long delayed. A in 1868 we promised the Sioux after j taking their land from them that for every 30 children a schoolhouse should be built. For to years nothing was done toward Ful j filling this Promise. Then a Little was done j but not a third part of what had been promised. A the great causes of All past Indian i troubles were the broken promises of �?T68, �?T78 and �?T8. I die recent troubles were chiefly caused by agent Boyer who was systematically defrauding tile indians lie has since been removed for cheating them. Diseased cattle were issued As supplies. Young calves or old steers were Givi n out by him instead of the full grown healthy and Young animals promised by the government j these things were told me by the chiefs i i met in Washington. They could hardly express their contempt for him strongly enough. They say Jeu. Crooks death was a great blow to them. Ile kept ins promises nod saw that those of the government Wero kept. One chief took it philosophically and said a of the great spirit takes one Good tiling away to sends another in its so to is looking for some one else to Rise a Aud take Gen. Crook s place As the Friend of the Indian. A after matters had been smoothed Over by Gen. Miles a delegation of 40 of the chiefs and head men was chosen to be taken to Washington to present their grievances to the great father As they Call the a among the Best known braves wore Young Man afraid of Llis horses american horse spotted horse White horse White ghost mad boar White Bird two strikes fire lightning Little wound spotted Elk. He dear Wiz John grass hollow horned Bear big Road and High Hawk. A they arrayed themselves Iii All their Indian finery and each bearing his pipe of peace they came on for a big a smoke talk or Council with the president. Their costumes wore highly picturesque and their squaws had displayed great skill patience and ingenuity in Orna menting their various articles of apparel. A fire lightning was about the most elaborately decorated of them All. Lie Biko All the rest had on a flannel shirt and Deerskin leggings and wrapped about him the piece de resistance of an indians wardrobe. A huge Gaudy Blanket. His leggings had a heavy fringe of leather and beads Down the sides. His knife Sheath held two knives oho of which was made from a file hammered Down to an Odge. Lbs pipe Boro Long streamers of Vari coloured ribbons and the Flat wooden Stem which looked like a schoolmasters Ferrule was bound with coloured grasses. A Deerskin Scarf resembling a Tine ladies Boa encircled his neck amt the customary Eagle feathers were in his hair. A the Pride of his heart though was a sort of Chest protector he wore on his breast. Tins was made of about 80 Long hollow bars of Ivory Strung together. Ile had been years in accumulating them Aud it was quite valuable Throe of the pieces being Worth is. A chief two strikes wore a big Silver medal on his breast. It was Given him by president Grant in 1871, when the chieftain was on a pilgrimage to Washington. On one Side was Grants picture and on the other a representation of two clasped hands Aud the words a Friendship and a spotted Elk wore a medal which was Given his Grandfather by president Jackson Iii 1828. Jackson a picture adorned one Side and on the other was a Globe representing the world and an open Bible. In a Circle around tile rim were the words a on Earth peace and Good will to a Little wound also wore proudly a medal Given him by Grant. A when they arrived at the capital they were taken in hand by the Indian department and their Savage finery was replaced by civilized costumes. They Felt Little at Home in their store clothes and showed an awkwardness never seen in them in their own picturesque attire. A they were first Given a hearing by Tho congressional committee on Indian affairs. Rev. Or. Indian now an episcopal Clergyman acted As interpreter. They stated their grievances plainly. The cattle they received were poor the seeds were worthless and produced no crops. They wanted the Stock they had lost in the recent troubles replaced. A a a How do you know the seeds Are old and bad when you get them a asked a member of the committee. A one of the chiefs then told How his Squaw had lid away some seeds in their wigwam five years ago and forgotten them. Lately they had found them again. A they looked just like some new seeds to have just received. That is How we know they arc old said he. A the committee treated them Well heard them with attention and told them that their wants should be supplied properly. Thew went away satisfied. A then they had conferences at the Patent office wit i Indian commissioner Morgan and with Secretary Nobie. I was present at All these meetings. The indians Coula not proceed just As they expected. When they brought their big pipes with them rim expected to it Down smoke and have Long solemn councils with the great father. When they saw this was not the White Many a custom they were perplexed. They Felt ill at ease to sit in chairs in a Circle Aud see no wreaths of smoke Curling about their Heads. A still they were satisfied with their treatment. I can assure you that the report that Secretary Noble was abrupt and discourteous with them is entirely false. American horse is the Only one who had the slightest pretext for complaint and he Only because be was Cut Short in a Long speech by one of his own warriors rising and saying that to was talking too Long. Short talks Are what we came Tor a said this Wise headed chieftain. A Secretary Noble was fair and honorable toward them and the indians All told me they were pleased to find him so Friendly and cordial. A the told them that Tho widows and Chil Dien of the Indian police who had been killed in the massacre by the troops should have pensions. A they were pleased with commissioner Morgan too. American horse two strikes and Man afraid each said a there la be no More a american horse said he was going to Send his daughter to Tho Carlisle school. A it is utter nonsense to think the indians will go on the Warpath again in the Spring. A at the close of their conference with or. Morgan the chiefs said they had on the White Many a clothes and they would like to hear something Jingle in their pockets. Or. Morgan then gave each Indian an order on a store for $10. I went with them to the store to see what Thev would buy. To their credit i noticed that they got nothing for themselves but bought Only for their wives and children Bright coloured dross goods shawls handkerchiefs and toys Quot turning Hawk gave me the history of the latest outbreak from an Indian Point of View. It puts a decidedly different phase upon the matter from that which has been made Public so far. A a a this Messiah craze came like a fire among us a said lie. A i done to know How it started. Some of the far sighted indians stood up Aud fought against it. The silly Young men indulged in it. They threw away everything about them made of Iron that was made by Man. They wore Only skins As they were made by god. I Hen they held up their hands closed their eyes and danced up and Down till they fell exhausted. Some danced this Way two Days without anything to eat or drink. A a a Man had gone Back on them they were hungry and they looked to the great spirit for a eth a dance the indians went on to say frightened the agent at Fine Ridge and he sent for troops. Then the indians were alarmed. They thought the soldiers had come to take their arms away and kill them and they tied to the bad lands. Quot Little wound went out to bring in the Bastile. On their Way in they ran into big foot s band being killed by the 7th cavalry. This paused a Stampede. The indians thought Little wound was Lead no Thorn into a Iran so they took him prisoner and went Back. Quot in disarming the Savages col. Forsythe separated the women and men. There was no trouble till the soldiers were searching tie wigwams. Thou the indians thought they wore going to lie killed and one of them tired his gun. That was Tho signal for an Indiver inmate Slaughter by Tho 7t.h. Col. Forsythe had his troops in a o Rdo so that when the firing began some of his own men were killed. A big foot was sick in his tent. When the firing began he looked out and was shot through the head. Quot the unarmed indians ran up the Ravine Ana then the Hotchkiss guns opened on them killing Nten women and children. A after this Slaughter Gen. Miles came up and got Young Man afraid of his horses to go into the hostile Camps and bring the indians out. That closed the War. As usual it was provoked and carried on pitilessly by the government. Quot tile indians g Al aggrieved because their children when they get Back from Tho Carlisle school Are not Given places in the agencies. No Indian is Ever Given work Thole though this has often been promised them. A i went to Philadelphia with these visiting chiefs. They attended a lug meeting whore 200 Indian children Sang and marched. They saw their boys in Soldier uniform Ami they did no to like it. They have seen enough of soldiers. They say it is a mistake to bring their boys East to study arms. They should be taught better things. A Lieut. Casey was killed by a Brave who had been to Tho Carlisle school. He could read and w rite b it the re w As no place for him when he got Back West. Ile was an Indian. Every Dot or was closed to Bim. Me had been rained Usa Warrior and maddened by the sight of Tim dead and wounded indians Kung brought into Camp lie tired and killed Casey. Quot the lieutenant was warned by an Indian woman and she tried to turn his horse Back. Turning Hawk said to to a a when you go Back Home Tell your people that our women and children Are like lambs. They Hurt a that Philadelphia meeting was presided Over by Julius Brown a chipped a Indian. American horse is a most progressive in asian. High Hawk is a ladies Man. He went to see Francis Wilson and Marie Jansen in the a merry he wore on Bis breast a big Bunch of roses pinned there by a Philadelphia lady. A when he saw one of the chatelaine bags worn by ladies he thought it was very Fine Ana he wanted one to carry Home to his Squash. He got one too Given him by a lady. A i was talking with him about indians courting and repaid a Home of our girls say yes right off. Others you have to ask one two three a a american horse is a convert to christianity and wan a to join the Church. Ile has two wives however and can t do it till one of them Dies. To is waiting patiently. A a Tho indians think the Indian schools should be in the West. The climate in the East is bad for their children. Some of them die hero and oven when on their Way Home and after they arrive Thoro. They also say if the schools were in the West the children could be near Home and could teach their parents and this would be a great help to some state politics. Illinois still trying to find a senator South Dakota s loss to the republicans gov. Bulk Elev s position in the Nutmeg state. The contest for United states senator from Illinois is a remarkable one. The democrats have just 101 votes in joint ballot for Gen. Palmer. The republicans for six weeks were fully As persistent with their too votes for Gen. Oglesby. A week or to Days ago. However they broke from him. Two votes More would elect Palmer it would have required three to choose Oglesby. The Farmers Alliance have just tie latter number if they All voted for one of their own men in conjunction with the republicans lie could be chosen. The republicans agreed to take any Farmers Alliance Man at one tune. But the Farmers Alliance three were at first unable to agree on a candidate w to was certain to be chosen and since they have later fixed upon a Man one or two of the republicans hold out and decline to vote for him. One vote was taken for for United states senator saturday resulting Palmer 5 Streeter i Linley i Payson 2 Oglesby i. The joint Assembly then adjourned until monday. _ Tennessee legislators cautious. Nashville Tenn. Feb. 20.�?when senator Penland a resolutions Eulogi zing Gen. Sherman came up yesterday senator Morris moved that they be referred to tile committee on charitable institutions. Senator Polk seconded the motion. Since Sherman is dead or. Polk would be indelicate to speak against him. His polkas constituents were not sorrowing Over Sherman s death. They would perhaps have been glad if he had died several years ago. Senator Rivers spoke strongly against tile resolutions. Ile said tile people of the South had never refused to Honor the patriotic men of the North but they could not Honor a Man who caused devastation of property wherever he went and never spoke a word of kindness for the South. Or. Rivers introduced a substitute Resolution which simply recited Tho fact of the death of another military hero and expressed sympathy with Gen. Sherman a family. The substitute was accepted by a vote of 20 to to and As amended the resolutions were adopted by a rising vote. Gov. Bulkeley a queer position. Gov. Bulkeley of Connecticut was left in an awkward pcs Tiou by his action with regard to the newly installed comptroller. Nicholas staub the Man took Tho oath of office after the hold Over incumbent had signalized his willingness to relinquish the place and was quietly put in charge by his predecessor or. Wright. This was done despite a Lotter sent by gov. Bulkeley advising them that notwithstanding or. Wrights instructions to give up Tho office Thev should not to do so until satisfied that or. Staub w As a duly qualified As provided by the Constitution and Laws of the but they obeyed the order of their Superior officer. Or. Wright and accepted a certificate of a Justice of the peace senator Pierce,.that air. Staub had taken Tho oath required by tile Constitution which w As administered by the senator. The chief clerk then notified or. Staub that he officially surrendered the office in behalf of or. W right. A Rhode Island Democrat wins. Providence r. I., Fob. 21.�?the election for congressman in the second District today was a very Fiat and tame affair owing to the declination of congressman Arnold and the general abstinence of the republicans from voting. With one town Only lacking Page dam., is elected by about 5600 majority and the missing town w ill not change the result More than a couple of Hundred votes. _ South Dakota a new senator. The loss of the South Dakota senator ship is the roughest one yet experienced by the Republican party. It is said of Rev. Or. Kyle. The United states senator just chosen from the state that lie Bas not voted the Republican ticket for the last four years. Other states. The Bill to authorize w Omen to vote at general elections and hold office Bas been Defeated in the Kansas House. An Effort will be made to have tile vote reconsidered. The Nebraska House Bas passed Bills to make two cents per mile tile maximum passenger rate to be charged by railways to require railway companies to give stations the same name As the counties through which they pass to require All corporations and Stock companies to give notice of their condition and indebtedness annually to make railway companies and corporations liable for personal injuries to employees. Edwin s. Stuart rep was elected mayor of Philadelphia defeating Albert ii. Ladner dem by an estimated majority of 40,000. Impediment to marriage. Harpers Bazar amyl it seems strange to me that you and or. Linger have never married or at least become engaged. He seems devoted to you. Mabel if it Wasny to for that unfortunate impediment in ins speech we might have been engaged by this time. Amyl i know he stutters dreadfully but i reject him on that account if i were you. Lies a Good hearted Young Man and would make a Good husband. Mabel of it Isnit my fault. Amyl then what is the trouble. Mabel its this Way. He has begun to propose five or six times but he is so slow about it on account of his stuttering that some one always comes in before begets through and interrupts him Aud i think lie is discouraged now put the motion Quincy Adams courage in March 1839.another dramatic Sceno in Fon stress As sketched by Cabot Lodge. How the Quot old Man eloquent Quot transformed the deformed. Quot i intend to put the motion no Public Man in our history was less of a charlatan or less theatrical than John Quincy Adams yet there has never been a member of the House of representatives who waste Hereof so As the old sex president during his 16 years of service in that body. His career in the House would of itself furnish enough dramatic episodes to Supply a Long series of articles devoted to describing the most memorable and exciting scones in Tho lower Branch of Congress. This came from tie fact thai to made the first constitutional tight in the Long struggle which ended at Appomattox and that in the fight he was Ever in Tho forefront of Battle. It w As John Quincy Adams who first in Congress raised Tho Standard of revolt against Tho domination of Tho slave Power. He made his fight on Tho Wolf chosen ground of Tho right of petition which the slaveholders in the plenitude of their Power sought to smother when it seemed to touch their beloved system. In Tho course of this arduous struggle or. Adams was threatened More than once with expulsion and censure. To was abused denounced and assailed beyond any other Man almost in our history. Respectable Boston fell away from him As it Baa fallen away from him in tile earlier Days when he loft Tho Federal party and nothing sustained him at Homo but the sturdy Liberty Loving people in the country towns of ins District. If to Are obliged to select a single incident in or. Adams career in Tho House of representatives which in itself was More picturesque even if less important than Many others we must choose the famous occasion of the organization of Tho House in 1839. In that year the House assembled in what is now known As the old Hall of representatives on the 2d of december. The clerk called those present to order and announced that he would read a of members which he had prepared by states. When in the Progress of the Call he readied new Jersey to read the name of one member and then announced that there were five other members whose seats were contested and that he would not undertake to pass upon the contest but would pass Over these names until the House should be completed and an organization effected. This apparently modest disclaimer of authority w As in reality the seizure of a most important Power for the clerk Hail nothing whatever to do with the matter of contested seats. His sole business As is Well settled today was simply to Call the names of those persons who had a Prima Facie title that is of those who held certificates from the governor or other officer of the state appointed by Law to certify the election of congressmen. Five of the new Jersey members held such certificates of file five contestants held others of inferior authority the refusal of the clerk to Call any names from new Jersey amounted therefore to shutting out five votes on which As it happened the election of a speaker turned. In other words the refusal to Call the names of the five new Jersey members who held the governors certificates was to give the organization of the House to the democrats and As the clerk himself was a Democrat to practically secure his own re election. His audacious proposition to pass Over the names at once gave Rise to a hitter debate. Which lasted until 4 of clock when a motion was mule to adjourn. The clerk then said that tie could not put a motion to adjourn because the House was not organized. Thereupon there was a general cry to adjourn and the members left the House by these two ingenious decisions brought everything to a standstill. To had decided that to could put no motion until a quorum was formed and to had refused to Call enough names of members to make a quorum unless he was allowed to pass Over the new Jersey members. The next Day there was another fierce debate As to whether the clerk should be allowed to Winke a statement but no Advance was made toward organization. Or. Adams says in his diary Quot Vanderpoel Pliett Cave Johnson and Bynum made party speeches Frothy wit i the rights of the people technicalities and frauds till after 4o�?Tlock.�?� at that tune a motion to adjourn was again made Aud then the clerk said he would judge by inspection whether a majority of the members were in favor of adjournment. Upon this inspection he declared the House adjourned whereupon a number of members called out a a count a count a and Wise of Virginia shouted As the members were Rushing from the Hall Quot now we Are a Wise a definition of the House at that moment was Only too accurate and the miserable struggle went on through another Day with much heated debate and endless resolutions offered Only to Linease confusion because there seemed no Way of getting them to a vote. Meantime various members had come to or. Adams and asked him to take part in the contest and give the House a Lead. He told them very frankly that he did not care to address the House hut if he did he should advise them to organize themselves. The performances of the clerk and of the members Aswell were extremely disgusting to a Man of or. Adams decision of character and clearness of mind but he had great reluctance to interfere in such a conflict. Reflection however convinced him that it was his duty to act and on the following Day dec. 5, alter Thoro had been More or less debate or. Adams arose and secured recognition from Tho clerk. He then dropped that interesting individual who May de said to have disappeared from history at the same moment and turning to the House began a fellow citizens. Members elect of Tho 26th Congress of the United having thus secured attention or. Adams pointed out the effect of the two decisions of tile clerk whom he took occasion to describe in appropriate terms and then called upon the members in the name of the people of their country and of Mankind to organize themselves. To that end he offered a Resolution ordering the clerk to Call the members from new Jersey who held credentials from the governor of the state. Immediately there arose Tho puzzled cry which had been heard so often Quot who will put the motion a or. Adams was quite equal to tie emergency. He not Only knew what he wanted nut How to out it. He stepped Forward without an instant a hesitation and said Quot i intend to put the motion there was a shout of applause All Over Tho Hall and Rhett of South Carolina offered and put a motion that or. Adams act As chairman of the meeting. The motion was carried with another Eliout and or. Adams was conducted to the chair. Stormy Days followed filled with bitter debate and much balloting until finally the whigs and the other opponents of tie administration managed to elect a speaker in the person of or. R. M. I. Hunter of Virginia. For courage and presence of mind or. Adams action has rarely been equalled in the House of representatives and very few scenes in his history have been More dramatic than when the old Man marched to tile front and made his famous declaration. Or. Wise of Virginia declared that the epitaph which would Best express or. Adams character and abilities would be the single sentence upon his Tombstone Quot i intend to put the motion or. Adams action saved tile House from really becoming a and put a Stop to the disgraceful proceedings which were going our it also settled practically that the clerk could not assume so dangerous a Power As Garland had attempted to exercise. The results of or. Adams bold action however were neither important nor far reaching for there was nothing in the occasion beyond a temporary interest. It was none the loss one of Tho most picturesque and dramatic scenes that have Ever occurred in the House and or. Adams and his famous motion will always keep their place in history and in tile memory of americans on this account. There was a Peculiar fitness in the fact that the hero of this and of Many others of the most Stormy scenes that the House has Ever witnessed fell in the House stricken with paralysis on the 21st of february. 1848. He was taken at once into the speakers room which is now that of the clerk and there after a period of unconsciousness died on Tho 23d. The last intelligible words that he uttered were this is the last of Earth. I Arn so the Stern old fighter passed away on the very Field where he had won his hardest Buttles and achieved his greatest renown. To had been twine a foreign minister he had been a senator and Secretary of state. He Hart signed the treaty of Ghent As one of the american commissioners and he had been president of the United states. All these great offices he Hart tilled with Honor and distinction to himself Ami his country. Yet Are they All of Little weight As compared with hts subsequent career which began when embittered by his defeat for reelection to the presidency and convinced that his life was Over lie con entail to stand As the representative of the Plymouth District. In the House of representatives he won the High Fame which All his great offices had not brought to him. Then As the Champion of Tho right of petition As the assailant. Of slavery and the Friend of the slave he secured the place in history and in Tho hearts of his countrymen which had before been denied him despite All his Success As a Public Man. Then in Ali fitness he died and no american statesman has a nobler Monument than the Little Bronze Tablet which Marks upon the Marble floor the spot where he fell worn in Many combats tint still victorious in the cause of right and Freedom. Henry Cabot nation s dead. Impressive scenes atthe funeral of Gen. Sherman both in new York and at St. Louis. St. Loris mo., feb. 21.�?the last taps have sounded the butlers have trumpeted Forth the final Farewell and William Tecumseh Sherman sleeps with his Kindred. Only fresh turned Earth on a Mound in Calvary cemetery tells the Story that the last of the great triumvirate of american generals has been Laid away Forest. Gen. Sherman a desire that ids obsequies should be of a military character was obeyed to the most extreme particular. Business was generally suspended in St. Louis and tremendous crowds watched the procession while Hells were rung and Cannon pealed Forth at regular intervals. Then Canto the solemn service at the grave and All was Over. In new York. The observances in new York on thursday last Wero of tile most imposing kind. All the Federal and state courts closed at noon. Tho City departments and Post office also shut Down at the same time. The Down town exchanges banking offices and places of business and the custom House and Barge office followed suit. Wall St. Aud lower Broadway were almost de sorted after the noon Bour the cessation of business being very generally observed and All who could do so ceased their daily occupation to do Honor to Tho patriotic services of the dead Soldier. Father Thomas Ewing Sherman who had arrived from Europe on the Majestic viewed the body of the general. The West Point cadets sent a Large Floral shield. President Harrison did not look upon the remains of the general. Tile family sent an invitation to Nim thursday at the fifth Avenue hotel hut the president replied that he preferred to keep with him the remembrances of Tho general while alive. At 12 of clock a Short Catholic service consisting of prayers for Hie dead was performed about Tho casket by father t. W. Sherman and three other priests. At 2 o clock Tho procession started. The streets were generally roped and vast crowds had congregated. Six lieutenants of the regular army bore the coffin on their shoulders to the Caisson in waiting and the military escort fell in around it. The general s horse was led in front. Gen. Johnston. Sherman a antagonist in Georgia was one of Tho pallbearers and in the procession were Digna trios of the nation the state and army officers of All grades with full representation of the grand army. The body was taken to the grand Central depot and thence forwarded to St. Louis on a special train. As the Sherman funeral train sped on its journey Large crowds gathered at the stations and thus expressed their love for the deceased Soldier. Even Long past Midnight silent and uncovered bands of grand army men stood in line at the depots As the train moved past them. At Many Points bands played appropriate airs and occasionally the booming of Cannon indicated the firing of a Salute. The Coachman a livery. In Thih great country it follows the colourings of the equipage. In lie Coachman a livery partook in the Olden Days of the armorial bearings of the master of the House says the world. In this country there being no armorial bearings As Yot although what with crowns and the like we May soon have them the livery of the Coachman follows the colourings of the equipage. Herein Tho livery is dominant. For that is not changed to Tho whim of the Coachman a Patron but All the traps vehicles and equipage Are ordered to be in one certain scheme of decoration throughout tie Complete retinue. This latter phase is of derivation from the English Gentry and has been very generally adopted hero of late years. Not engagement bracelets. If you get one do not make any mistake about this. If a Young Man has any True regard for a woman he gives her a Gold ribbon Bracelet perfectly Plain save for an inscription and clasps it upon Ber Arm. Says the world. It should lock and the key be carried by him who purchased it. These Are not of necessity engagement bracelets they mean merely True regard and a desire that this state of feeling shall continue. If regard has deepened into love and a blessed feeling of Possession a Little verse is inscribed upon the Bracelet telling to All who care to read that two More lives have been made Happy in Loving each other. A pretty verse upon a new York engagement Bracelet ran thus the Violet loves a sunny Bank the cowslip loves the Lea the Scarlet creeper loves the Elm and i love thee. Groom and Footman. Even Here there is a hiatus that is significant. The Groom is a stable servant who is Only used As Footman when the original is presumed to be otherwise occupied or for some other reason it is not feasible to have him attend. The Footman holds the position today that his predecessor occupied in times past standing on the Standard of the old English vehicles of state wearing cocked hat knee breeches and silk stockings. The Footman and Groom Are not liveried alike. The former wears a More formal garb consisting of a Quot Coateen a being a Compromise Between a cutaway and Swallowtail coat while the latter wears a straight Down single breasted frock coat Shorter than that of the Coachman and having no Flap pockets. The Groom wears top boots always the Footman never. The Footman does not work about the stable the Groom does Aud therefore on account of the stable Aroma May not be admitted to the House. The Coachman a coat is of extra length and has Flap pockets his single breasted and High buttoned showing style of Duck Scarf that is made especially for his use. The old time swell neckwear was an a starched scarfing twisted about the neck three or four times and tied in do Joinville form. Horne of the old standbys Are to be seen occasionally with tile neckwear adjusted scientifically in this Way Ana worked out at the front into which he can drop his the new frock not for fat . The frock coat is to be the fashionable Street garment for the ornamental Gentry of the town this approaching Spring it having taken firm Possession in London to which capital the Eye of the Knickerbocker youth is incessantly turned in quest of Hie Correct thing in attire says town topics. The new coat is extremely Long the skirts reaching half Way Down Trie calf of the leg and the body is fitted close to the shape while the lapels Are very wide giving an unusually Broad look to the shoulders. Given a pair of Good legs and a muscular but riot fat body. A Young fellow looks very smart and Graceful in one of the new Coats but when stretched about a frontal protuberance of the porcine class and accompanied by legs resembling those of a piano Tho frock not Only misses being a tiling of Beauty but looks at once As though it had been purloined from tie wardrobe of a farce comely Valley thousand people at least made suburbs of Parkersburg. In. A. Swept entirely away. Pittsburg under water a Cincinnati and Indianapolis flooded. A flood of almost unprecedented volume Lins filled the Ohio during the past week. At Pittsburg Hie damage Lins been immense some say i Roo too. At least 2000 families in the lower portion of Pittsburg and Alleghany City were on wednesday Cou Fritea to the upper stories of their houses. Between 25,000 and 30,000 men lose three Days wages by the stoppage of Tho Iron and steel Mills. Traffic ceased when Tho Stream became so High that it extinguished tie fires in one of Tho locomotives. The Pittsburg District bounded by Pennsylvania av., Duquesne Way 1st and loth to solid blocks is under w Ater the flood reaching a foot higher than Hie first floor. Tile people Are supplied with bread and canned goods by men in skiffs. Cooking is out of the question. The policemen in some portions of Alleghany arc doing duty in skiffs and one of them was hailed from a second Story with the non ounces it that a child was dead the family is poor and is being helped by charitable neighbors. The undertaker must bring the coffin in a boat. Some idea of the immense damage to railroads May lie had in a Telegram from Steubenville which says it will he like building a now Lino to put tin Wheeling amp Lake Erie in shape for running up in Hie Mountain Region East of con Nous Vine. In Westmoreland comity two dams burst one Ai Mammoth mine Hie scene of the recent gloat disaster flooding Hie country Tor Milos. Mayor Wyman of allo Gleny today employed Many special officers to Curry food in ski ifs to needy families the mayor supervised the distribution of kilo Loa is of Broad. At t Inelli Tiati. Tho Ohio River passed Tho 50-foot Mark at 7 of clock saturday morning and merchants and residents in the Bottoms Are preparing for the Rise. Reports from above Are that considerable rain Bas fallen within the past 24 hours and the big Sandy and Monongahela Are rising. Tim water covered portions of second and Pearl ate., and was Rilling Tim cellars of some of Tho business houses along these thorough fares. Tho occupants were Busy All Day Friday moving their goods to higher places and will suffer no damage. At Wheeling it. A. Wheeling w. Va., feb. 20.�?the flood in Tho Ohio at this Point Lias reached the 46-foot Mark Aud the suffering and privation Are becoming intense. Those confined in Hie upper stories of their houses Are air Vost out of food and Many Are suffering from cold the natural Gas Mains being broken and filled with water. Residents along the lowlands whose houses we Ero flooded took aggressive measures to make Stein boating unpopular. Tho Waves from steamers wheels often overturned submerged houses or swept them from their foundations. The people kept up a musketry fire on bouts that attempted to pass. Parkersburg w. A. Parkersburg w. Va., feb. 21.�?th floods Here and All through the Ohio Valley Are growing worse and it is now thought that at least 3000 persons Are homeless and that Tim worst is Yot to come As very alarming reports am coming from Hie upper Ohio Valley. The loss of property Wall be enormous. As there is scarcely a business House or factory that is not More or less submerged and Many families have already lost their All. Immense suffering is experienced and Many families have Peon driven to the hilltops in Tim drenching rain. Mayor Gibbons and other citizens have organized a Relief committee and All that is possible is being done but there Are a great Many families that cannot be reached and will suffer. Riverside a Beautiful suburb of Parkersburg containing about 1000 inhabitants is almost totally submerged. The people have All abandoned their Homes and taken Refuge in Hie court House churches and other Public buildings in safer quarters of the town. Indianapolis in Ranger. Indianapolis lad., Fob. 21,-Indian-Apolis is in danger of being seriously damaged by High water. The rainfall the last three Days has been Tho heaviest since 1884 and Tho Small streams passing through the City Are out of their batiks. The water has spread Over a Large Section of the northeastern portion of the City and hundreds of cellars Are flooded. A number of Bridges have been washed out and Many families in the Low Northe astern part of the City were com polled to move out. The railroads Are All suffering and but few trains Are arriving on time. A second edition threatened. Pittsburg. Penn., feb. 21.�?another flood is apprehended in the Ohio Valley. It has been raining All Day. And there Are no indications of the weather Clearing. At All Points up Tho Monongahela and Alleghany Rivers the water is again rising Anil As these streams Are still outside their Hanks a rope tuition of the High water of tuesday and wednesday is feared. Worlds greatest Cataract. The perpendicular descent of the water must be about 2000 feet. Goldthwaite geographical Magazine the Interior of Labrador undoubtedly is Hie largest unexplored area on this continent. Up the grand River which empties into the Atlantic Ocean at Hamilton Inlet Are a grand fulls which it everything is True about them that is Redor Tod Are the most stupendous Falls in the world. They Are Only about 160 Miles up the River but Only two White men have Ever seen them or. R. F. Holme three years ago went from England to visit the grand Falls. He organized a Little party to accompany him Inland and arrived within about 50 Miles of the Falls when he was compelled to return on account of the failure of his provisions. Tile Labrador indians say these Falls Are haunted and they carefully avoid them believing that they will die if they look upon them. The two White men who have seen them Are or. Maclean who As he was ascending the River in 1839 was stopped by the Falls and or. Kennedy who Over 80 years ago had charge of Hudson Bay Post in Labrador. Or. Holme says Hie height of the Falls is not certainly known but in some respects there is Little doubt that they Are the greatest in the world. Though inner Labrador is so inadequately known we Are aware that it is a vast tableland whose limits Are Snite clearly defined. In the Southeast the descent from the tableland is quite sudden and almost immediately after leaving the plateau a level is reached that is very Little above that of the sea. Tho grand Falls is Tho place where the grand River tumbles Over the Edge of this tableland and almost the whole of the great drop is effected in this one descent. Prof. Hind gives the height of this plateau As 2240 feet. It has been estimated that the Region at the foot of tile Falls is Only 200 feet above sea level and that therefore the Waters of grand River have a perpendicular descent of about 2000 feet. I not Only were a great number of families reduced to at Dute destitution Lait no Jet of the new cutting Mills which have tin erected of late were closed and will probably have to lie devoted to other purpose Rani e the close of the year the position the Diamond works rather improved rho Price of Cut diamonds has risen so far a to give some margin for the Cost of cutting etc., hut the demand is by no moan client to keep the Mills and Diamond workers of the City employed. A Good Deal of cutting is now done there for London account direct. Riding a Buffalo. New a Hunters thrilling adventure fort Wallace. Chicago Lester v. Gridley a North Platte neb., Stockman tells a Story of a ride he once took on Tho Hack of a Buffalo near fort Wallace. Neb. Returning from a Hunt alone with the hindquarters of a couple of Young bulls lie had killed Over his shoulder he accidentally ran into the Herd again and was surrounded before he realized his situation. A my dodging in Aud out almost caused a he continued. Quot i knew if a panic took place among the beasts i would to trampled to death. I suddenly determined on a bold strike and edging up close to a shaggy Young Bull grabbed hold of the longhair on his for shoulders and swung myself on his Back. Quot the Bellow that came from the fellow made me wish that i had not decided on such a risky push for Liberty. The bellowing was taken up by the rest of the Herd and soon we were flying along at a Terri la rate Over mulches and up Hill and Down. I was blinded by Tho Sand thrown by the hoofs of Tho beasts but with my eyes closed Lump on like grim death. For half an hour the Herd kept up a terrific Pace and during that time nay legs were almost crushed out of my i Loots by Hie crowding animals. A i began to think my time had come. I was so weak i could scarcely keep my seat and was about to let myself fall from the Back of my Buffalo when i succeeded in scraping some of the Sand out of Ray eyes. I discovered then that we w Ere running parallel with the Railroad track and As Tho Hank was High and Steep the animal had not ventured Loo limb the incline. A a Tho beast i wan Riding was the closest to Tho track and i knew if i reached the top of the embankment i would be Safe. I dragged myself together the Best i could and for a Spring. I got my feet on i Nark Aud lumped for the embankment. I leaped at t he right time for the movement of the Young Bull s body sent me flying halt Way up the Bank and there i was hate in the Sand. For five w weeks afterwards i a confined to my Diamond cutting in Amsterdam. London times last year was a very serious one for the dutch Diamond Industry which was nearly paralysed by the action of the de Beers company of Kimberly in reducing the production of the raw diamonds from 4,000,000 to 2,000,000 carats per annul in order to keep up prices. The Price of raw diamonds Rose More than too per cent at the mines and it proved impossible to obtain a proportionate Advance for the Cut article. This state of things says the British Consul at Amsterdam in his last report coining a top of too great an inflation in the cutting Industry in Amsterdam created Tho greatest distress among the Diamond workers w to As a class have the reputation of being very Thrift less. For several months at the close of the year orders for Cut diamonds were altogether wanting and through africans Jungles. Sixteen explorers have crossed the dark continent. New Yolk san Africa has been crossed by explorers 16 times. The first journey from Angola to Yete was made in 1802-1811 by Horatio a Costa a portuguese. Francesco f. Coimbra went from Mozambique to Dengue i a in 1838- 48, and Silva Porta from Banguela to the Mouth of the Roumay in 185.v56. Livingstone left san Paulo de Luanda in 1854 and reached quilt mane in 1856. The fifth crossing was accomplished by Gerhard Rolf w to Iii 1865 and 1866. Travelled from Tripoli to the Gulf of Guinea near Tho Mouth of the niger. Lieut. Cameron 20 year after la ring Stone Dill the sixth trip Between bag Amoyo and Banguela. Then came Stanley 1874-77 from bag Amoyo to the Mouth of Tho Congo St spa Pinto 1877-79. From Banguela to port Natal Tho italians Mattene and Mas Kari 1880-82from Squakim to Tho Mouth of the niger. From 1882 to Lisa Wissmann went from Sun Paulo de Comida. To Sadaaki. On the Zanzibar coast and Arnut a scotch missionary went from port Natal to Banguela. The 12th crossing was made in 1884-85 by capelin and Ivans portuguese the lath Iii 1885-86 by the swedish lieutenant glee i up who but six months in reaching Mai Tamoyo from Stanley s Falls on the lower Congo. The austrian. Oscar Lenz went from the Mouth of the Craigo to quilt Mune Iii 1885-87. The 16th crossing was Stanley a last one. The 16th was by Tho French Captain Tri vier who took two year Togo from Angola to Mozambique. Besides these in successful Crossings Thoro Are on record Many trips of exp Lora lion that were Cut Short on the dark continent by the tremendous natural difficulties. It is remarkable that in the last to years More Crossings a e been made thou in the preceding so and that while Long ago. To years w Ere required for the undertaking. One year or even six months May now be sufficient. The seats Saltness. Seme singular and interesting beliefs about the Salt sea. St. Loots Republic there Are hundreds of queer myths and traditions Given to account for the fact that the sea is suit. The arabs say that when the first pair sinned they Wero living in a Beautiful Garden on a tract of land joined to a Mainland by a narrow neck or isthmus. When it became known to the holy one that his people had sinned he went to the Garden for the purpose of driving them out and across the narrow neck of land into the Patch of Thorn and Brambles on the other Side. Anticipating what Woald be the consequences of their heinous crime they had prepared to leave their Beautiful Garden Aud had actually gone so far As to Send the children and the goats across into the Thicket. When the holy one appeared on the scene the first pair started to run but the woman looked Back. For this the Man cursed Lier and for such a crime was almost immediately turned into a huge Block of Salt. Compare with genesis xix., 26. The woman More forgiving than her husband stooped to Pink up Hie shapeless mass of Salt when immediately the narrow neck of land began to crack and break. As she touched what had once been Ber companion she too was turned to Salt just As the neck of Laud Sank and the Waters rushed through. From that Day to this the Araba say All Tho Waters of the Ocean have rushed through that narrow Channel at least once a year constantly wearing away the Salt of what was once our first parents yet the bulk of the two Salty objects is not diminished in the least. The pythagorean believed that the sea was made Salty by Tho tears of Kronus father of zeus. The hebrew explanation is somewhat similar though More poetic. They believed that the Saltness was caused by the tears of fallen Angels. She wore plumbers. Here a a new wrinkle in feminine devices for thin girls to consider. New York Herald Quot never hear of plumbers a asked a lady Friend of mine the other Day. A no a said i. A what new feminine device us this for goodness Sake a a Quot Well a she replied we were calling at Khe time at the House of a Mutual Friend Quot just you notice miss when she comes Down stairs and Tell me if you notice anything strange or remarkable in her Hll he miss a referred to be it said is a tall and sinew hat angular Young woman of Uncertain age but w to is possessed of a considerable degree of personal vanity and a More than Ordinary desire to appear at Lier very Best upon any and All occasions. In a few moments she appeared and after greeting us cordially we entered into a general conversation. Nothing very remarkable about her thought i. A Well a said i to my lady Friend after our departure Quot i have scanned miss pretty closely but failed to notice anything Worth commenting upon in her appearance. She talked As if she had something in Lier i w As interrupted at this Point by a peal of laughter. Quot Why what on Earth Are you laughing at a said i. A and by the Way a i asked a did it not strike you that miss is growing somewhat stouter her face seems to be somewhat plumper a a there a interrupted my Friend a now you have it. Miss had plumper so in Hor to my look of inquiry and astonishment she responded a a plumbers you see Are Small round shaped affairs like a dolls Saucer. They Are made of rubber and when held in place in the Mouth they cause a woman a Cheeks to become plump and round. V Hen ladies have lost some of their Teeth plumbers come into play prevents their jaws from appearing lantern shaped or their features from being Quot heavens and Earth a said i. Quot what will the feminine mind conceive of next a a ooh a she responded a there Are jots of things about feminine attire that you have not yet heard

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