Boston Weekly Globe in Boston, Massachusetts 10 Feb 1891
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Boston Weekly Globe (Newspaper) - February 10, 1891, Boston, Massachusetts
The weekly Globe free i to any oho Semi ins three subscriptions and $0.00. Subscribers May be either old or new vol. Xix no. 6.boston. Tuesday morning february to 1891. Price five cents. How to play a piano. Famous Joseffy s sound advice to Young people who Are still straggling with a Annie rebukes for her who a never plays a thing without my Oung girls who have Learned to Strum a Little on the piano being obliged to do something Tor their own support turn their attention to music teaching As the easiest and Mast genteel Means of gaining a livelihood without any reference whatever to their ability or qualifications. They can Tell where the notes come on the keyboard Aud also on the staff and they can play Quot the Lum turn mar our a a a Quot the dude March a and Quot the Dai Lylion this comprises their musical knowledge yet Many people who ought to know better a they can teach beginners just As Well As any one a and hence Tho musical education of Many Young people is confided to their tender mercies at a time when of All others they most need Tho very Best instructors. Tor first impressed a Are always the most lasting and Hart limits and mannerisms of playing acquired at the outset can never he overcome. Many a promising Teing musician is completely ruined in this Way by having for his first instructor a wholly incompetent person. These teachers begin at the wrong end. Their one idea seems to be to teach t heir pupils to play tones or they teach them the notes on the keyboard and the staff and then immediately set about drumming into them some utterly valueless there is but one proper Way to teach the piano or any other instruments the Pupil must be taught the rudiments of music. When those have been mastered she must be taught the technique of her instrument and if it is the piano or violin the Muscles and joints of Lier hands and fingers must be made Strong and supple by playing Scales and exercises designed to accomplish that end and she must at the same time by Means of similar exercises be also taught to read music rapidly and accurately. When this has been accomplished she should Render herself thoroughly familiar with the works of the masters not by learning them from her instructor but by studying them for herself by seeking diligently and patiently for the composers meaning playing each doubtful passage Over and Over again in every variety of interpretation and striving most earnestly to satisfy herself As to which is the most in Harmony with the composers spirit. When at last she has arrived at what seems a. Satisfactory conclusion she should listen to various renditions of the same works by skilled artists comparing her interpretation of it with theirs and comparing the arguments in favor of each. The chief aim of every teacher of the piano should be to impart to his Pupil a Correct technique and to enable her to play any composition at sight hut How much. Or. Rather How Little of this k and of teaching is practice by the great mass of so called music teachers in this country Why Many of the comparatively few really proficient and thoroughly competent teachers of the pianoforte to be found in the United states Nave assured me that of the pupils who come to them from teachers of less reputation to be there is not one in 20 who has Ever been taught to play a scale or even the five Finger exercise. It May seem strange but when it Hap Sens that a teacher of pianoforte playing Oes understand his profession thoroughly and is most anxious to faithfully and conscientiously discharge his entire duty to his Pupil his patrons often entertain such Peculiar ideas of the divine Art of music in general and of the manner in which a practical knowledge of pianoforte playing should be imparted to Young ladies in particular that they present powerful obstacles to his doing so. The majority of parents who employ music or More properly speaking pianoforte teachers for their daughters Are entirely ignorant of music themselves. The Mother May perhaps have played the piano a Little in her girlhood but she has Given it up years ago As most ladies do after marriage and she has entirely forgotten what Little she Ever knew. The father in most cases has no perception of music and Only consents to the employment of a teacher of the pianoforte for his female offspring because be knows that it is customary or girls to take music lessons and because his wife tells him that if Jennie does no to a take she will never be Able to hold her own in society against their neighbors daughters. Prof. Schwig Zeberer is engaged and Jennie takes her first Quarter. Now the professor is a scholarly and conscientious instructor Young in Bis profession and he is resolved to teach his pupils correctly and to make them skilful players and thorough musicians if possible. He keeps Jennie hammering away at Scales and exercises All through the first three months. She is a Bright girl with splendid musical ability and Schwig Zeberer congratulates himself on having a Pupil who will one Day be a really Fine pianist. Rut Jennies Mamma is by no Means satisfied. A i begin to think that Schwig Zeberer is no teacher at All a she exclaims to her Hus it and. A your Jennie has been taking of him or a whole Quarter and she can to play a tune yet while there Shandy Jenkins next door has Only taken six lessons from prof. Pretzel and she can play a Annie Rooney Lovely. I shall really have to speak to Schwig Zeberer about and sure enough when poor sch Wize Ber comes the next Dav lie is Given to understand that unless miss Jennie is forthwith taught to play a a a piece he will be minus a Pupil. Poor fellow what is he to do to has so few scholars that lie can to possibly afford to lose one. No love of his Art conscience duty to his pupils Best interests ail must be sacrificed for bread Aud butter. The next time he comen he brings with him a simplified copy of Quot Annie Rooney a and. Having marked with a Lead Pencil the fingering of All the notes he stands Over Jennie while she tries to drum it out teaching it to her just As a Parrot is taught to pretty Polly. The result is that Jennies musical Talent is never cultivated her ambition is lost she begins to pick out tunes by ear and probably does not touch the piano half a dozen times in her life after she gives up taking lessons. It must be frankly admitted that Hasty at tempt without sufficient preparation is Tho Bane of All american Effort in the realm of Art. Whether music painting sculpture or literature. As contrasted with people of other nationalities the american certainly has a wonderfully Bright Quick almost electrical Power of comprehension. With great mental vigor to powerfully grasps an idea the moment it is presented to Nim. But the very quickness with which lie does so is in some respects a disadvantage. His Conception of the idea is so Quick that it is Apt to be superficial. His rapidity of apprehension too often gives him a distaste for tile slow patient labor and study absolutely essential to the thorough elaboration of every Gearth Otilit in Art. The slow , and the tenacious Bull dog englishman have thus a very great advantage Over him in their efforts to achieve the highest Art perfection. While they Are just beginning to recognize the first principles of their Art Hie american comprehends it All so readily that he is unwilling to pondered to practice and thinks he has nothing Mare to learn. As a consequence in a race for the Palm of Triumph in the Arena of Art Between the american and the German or tile american and the englishman it is too often the old Story of the race Between the Hare and the Tortoise. Then again in Many cases the american learns too quickly to retain permanently what he learns. This is Weil illustrated by the comparative rarity of american musicians who can wholly dispense with their notes and Trust entirely to their memory. Now any Young lady who is ambitious to become a great pianist should particularly cultivate musical memory. How provoking it often is in society to hear a a Young lady otherwise charming when requested to entertain the company with some music Quot of i never either sing or play without my Are not All such musicians deplorable who Are tuneless and sea gloss among the Birds and everywhere else away from the Cir Hooks How will they manage to play or sing in heaven aus or to that. In teaching the pianoforte great care should be taken never to tire the Pupil. Especially does this apply to very Young scholars. The lessons of the latter should always be made to seem As much like play As possible. I knew Cue excellent lady teacher who had some very juvenile pupils and who interested them deeply in the most intricate Scales by telling them stories about her different fingers As they traversed the keyboard. For instance she would Quot now the augers of my right hand Aud of my left Are members of rival fire companies and they Are running n race to a fire. The forefinger of each hand is the Captain of his company so he will run ahead and lend All the others. Look out now off they go a and away would dash the nimble fingers up and Down Tho keyboard while the Little Pupil wit i her interest aroused to the utmost and no Tonger regarding her pianoforte instruction As a tiresome lesson looks on enthusiastically to see whether the right or left hand company will get to the fire first and determines to practice unceasingly until she can play such a splendid game Quot All by if the future pianist is pushed with lessons or practice until she becomes mentally weary she will soon acquire a disgust for her work that will infallibly prevent her from Ever achieving greatness physical weariness from too much practice is just As bad As mental. To Over fatigue the Muscles is to spoil their tone at least for the time being and some time must be allowed to elapse before they can regain their former elasticity and vigor. Of these things Are carefully observed the education of the Piam Ste can scarcely be begun at too Early an age. As soon As a child has Learned to count it May be taught the rudiments of music Aud to achieve real greatness As a master of pianoforte playing it is necessary to begin in very Early youth. Tile great masters of the musical Art afford Many examples contradictory of the popular idea that precocity in childhood will inevitably result in mediocrity or less in adult life. One of the most notable of these was the great Joseph Haydn who when Only 6 years of age could sing at sight any composition that could be placed before him. Raffael Joseffy. A Harbinger of Spring. Even demanded a treat. An ingenious libel on col Eugene Field in the Chicago mail. Back in the dark Ages when Chicago a one professional humorist was nothing hut an every Day a funnyman a when his flights of wit were knocked out by the cold and unappreciative night editor of the Kansas City times there happened a Little incident which showed that the wit itself was More Sharp than Fiat. In those Days he was t writing Agate humor and drawing Bourgeois pay. The necessities of life including a fair allowance of cups which both cheer and inebriated consumed rather More than his weekly stipend. And thus it happened that there came a time when the sprightly journalist always turned to the right when leaving the times office because on the loft was a Saloon behind the bar of we Ipoh Hung a slate covered with terrifying figures. At last however coaxed by his comrades the a funny Many a re entered his former haunt. No sooner was he within the door than mine Host made for him. The horrid slate was produced. The pallid humorist tried to Ward off impending doom with a joke but Gambrinus was firm. A my Poy Quot said he a you Vos a funny fellow. When you come to my place Der toys come i Tyous i likes to have you Here. You can to pay this veil a and with a magnificent gesture he swept the slate clean. Quot now we Vas Square. You come Effery night it was then that the True greatness of the humorists mind asserted itself. Not at All dazed by his Good Fortune he strode proudly to the bar waving his followers to follow him. A Well Dutchy a said he. Imperiously. A veil a responded tile wondering Host. A when a gentleman pays his Bill a inquired the journalist with hauteur a is no to it customary for the House to set Mem up a will Mansfield be a priest or. Mansfield was told that a Well known priest had watched him play Brummell with Manifest interest from a rear seat in the orchestra says the Sun. Quot dear dear you done to so a he cried. A Spray what will his Bishop to that a Quot by the Way a he said suddenly Quot you know i think of giving up the stage and becoming a priest myself. A priest is a Power and i like Power. A priest can instruct people. That a what i should like to do. Of you re ail actor you must amuse the Public. They done to want to be instructed at the or. Mansfield a suggestion of abandoning tile stage for the Priesthood fairly startled or. Hartz his manager. A that surely does t go a lie exclaimed. Quot or. Mansfield must be the actor chatted away for 15 minutes without revealing whether he was joking or not. And then the Call boy warned Nim that in five minutes time he would have to he the Beau and he ceased to talk about the Power of the Church and Shook hands with his a Way they have in Europe. Americans Pride themselves upon a keening up with Tho times a but a foreign publication recently showed its ability to keep ahead of the times. When the interest in Indian affairs was at its height european papers followed the subject pretty closely. Two or three Days after the fight at wounded knee Creek one of these publications came Outwith illustrations of tile scene of the fight and of the fight itself. Now it must be admitted that As regards time this was doing very Well for it takes several Days for mail to go from South Dakota to new York Aud As is Well known the time of passage Between Here and England is a week for a Good fair allowance. It Isnit unreasonable therefore to assume since photographs Are not yet transmitted by Telegraph that those illustrations were not accurate. At any rate new York newspaper men would Call that Quot pretty tall she writes Harrison a letters. Miss Alice b. Sanger who is known officially As a a clerk a acts As stenographer to the resident for a portion of his correspondence and does ail the stenographic work for private Secretary Halford. She was employed in president Harrison s Law office in Indianapolis for about two years prior to his election and after his nomination was called on to assist in his private correspondence. Shortly after the presidents election she made a trip to France with a wealthy Uncle and when the administration Cutie Iii she was brought to Washington Aud took her present place. She is chiefly employed with or. Halford a correspondence. She is a Fine looking Young woman is popular at the while House and per Orins Ber duties with efficiency. The Republic tottered. Cabot Lodge on Jefferson a first election. Dow Hamilton Defeated tile foolish federalists. Aaron Burr s futile ambitious vividly recalled. Thomas Jefferson. Under certain conditions specified by the Constitution it becomes the duty of the House voting by states and not by members to decide who shall be president of tile United states for the ensuing four years. Then upon their decision hangs the Fate of parties and of policies and sometimes of conflicting principles of government. Three times has this grave duty devolved upon the House and on t to of those three occasions the country passed through a crisis in which lurked serious peril to peace stability and order and where at the same time the Good sense and Fine temper of the american people under great stress were admirably shown. In these periods of trial the House necessarily became the Centre whore All contending passions and interests of Tho hour met. There Are no others of higher importance in the history of the lower Branch of Congress. The first came at Tho very beginning almost of our career under Tho Constitution of 1789, just at the moment when the country first changed from one party to another. The federalists had been Defeated and a the democrats were victorious and yet the i in socratic Percsi Dent had not been elected by Tho elec-4� no a a a a in off a tons hold in the fall Hof the year 1800. If any president ought to have Imen elected by a popular vote it should have been the founder and the idol of the democratic party and yet it is urine the less trite that Thomas Jefferson technically h speaking was not elected president by the people. He was chosen in Tao House of representatives voting by states and the election devolved on that body on account of the form of the constitutional provision As first adopted. Today the amendment which grew out of this election makes Tho conditions that sent it to the House impossible. The Constitution originally provided that the electors i should vote for president and vice president and that the candidate having the highest number of votes should be president and the one having the next highest number should be vice president. Curiously enough the contingency of an Equality of votes Between two candidates does not seem to have occurred to the framers and yet Remote As the Chaucer of such an event undoubtedly was that Equality occurred at the fourth election of president and the tie came Between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr the candidates of the same political party for the two highest offices. There was of course no doubt whatever As to the intent of the people. They meant to elect Jefferson president and Burr Vic president but the defective arrangement of the Constitution left it undecided on the vote of the electoral College As to which candidate should have the first office and which the second. In View of the known facts the voting in the House by states ought to have been a Mere formality. Unfortunately the contest preceding the election had been extremely hitter and the federalists who hated Jefferson with Peculiar intensity Felt now the added sting of knowing that they had gone to defeat largely through their own dissensions. They therefore Lent a willing ear to the suggestions that they should make an Effort in the House whet they had a majority of Mem tiers to elect Burr instead of Jefferson. How fur Burr stimulated the movement it is impossible to . He wrote a letter in december 1800, before the result was accurately known Iii which he disclaimed All desire to enter into Competition with Jefferson if they should have an equal vote but burrs character was such that no Safe conclusion can he drawn from a declaration which under any circumstances was an adroit move. There can be Little doubt of the general fact that he and his friends were intriguing for his election and that they held out inducements to the federalists to join in the scheme. Very slight inducements however were needed where the desire for revenge was so Strong As it was in the Defeated party at that moment and Tho federalists generally fell in readily with the idea. Jefferson for his part was in state of Groat nervousness not a Little alarmed and by no Means Idle. Among the people generally the excitement increased As Tho Day for counting the electoral vote Drew near and it was seen that although the federalists did not control enough states to elect Burr by themselves they nevertheless controlled enough votes to make a deadlock and Force either the election of Burr or an interregnum by carrying the contest beyond the 4th of a Barcli. At last the eventful Day came. The votes were counted on the Lith of february and it being found that Jefferson and Burr had an equal number the House retired to perform their constitutional duty of choosing the president. At thai Timo the North Wing of the old Capitol m Washington had alone been built and during the previous session the Senate and House and the supreme court had All assembled there. In 1801, however the House met in a temporary building known As a the oven from its Peculiar shape which stood on the site of the South Wing of Tho old Capitol Between the site of the present House of representatives and the Rotunda. Tipiere the members gathered on feb. La 1801, to determine whether Jefferson or Burr should be president of Tho United states whether the will of the people should he carried out air Good Faith or whether it should be sacrificed to the spirit of party revenge. The federalists who had a majority of members although not of states passed a Resolution that the House should remain in session continuously until a Choice bras made. This move was considered to be in the interests of Burr and in accordance with the Resolution tile House without a break until the following Day. And took 29 ballots without reaching a Choice. Then the Strain became too much for Many of the members some of whom were ill. Ana brought there at great risk to their health and the Resolution for a continuous session was evaded by taking recesses. The crisis which had thus Arisen was one of the gravest which the country has Ever met equalled Only by the contested election of 1876. As tile deadlock continued Public feeling began to run very High and threats Vire heard of a resort to arms in Case the federalists prevented a Choice and allowed the 4th of March to pass wit i tile election still undecided. Day after Day the members assembled in tile House and successive ballots were taken with tile same dreary result. It became apparent that the federalist states which were voting for Burr could not get the accessions necessary to nominate him unless they could Force it by continuing the deadlock beyond the danger line. What propositions Burr then made Wall never he known for he had the conspirators Talent for secrecy. Jefferson however who was now thoroughly frightened made advances and offered assurances Winch years afterwards became Public through the sworn testimony of or. Bayard who in 1801, controlled the vote of Tho state of Delaware in the House. It was not however the assurances of or. Jefferson or the intrigues of or. Burr which finally saved Tho country from the danger which was impending. To their voices the party which held the country in that critical time had never listened. The federalists had lost their Heads completely but their great Leader fortunately had not. Hamilton in december had warned the new England federalists against Burr. He knew Burr thoroughly rightly considered him to be Bot i unscrupulous and corrupt and he considered him a thoroughly dangerous Man to be placed at the head of the government. Bitterly As Hamilton disliked Jefferson and despite the injury which he had received at Jefferson a hands lie knew him too Well to suppose that he was in the least Aharon Burr. I the Murat or Tho Robespierre whom the federalist divines of new England loved to depict As tile head of the democratic party. He know that Jefferson was a statesman who could lie trusted not to endanger Tho great principles of the government Anc lie new further what was most important of Ell that to attempt to defeat the will of Tho people would bring on a revolution with no better foundation than greed for revenge on the part of a Defeated party. He therefore wrote urgently to All his friends in Washington warning them against Burr and urging the election of Jefferson in this he was seconded by Gouverneur Morris at that time a senator from new York and the result was that after the Lial voting had proceeded for five Days or. Bayard and one or two others who controlled Tho votes of two or three Statos determined to Settle the question and declined to protract Tho hopeless and desperate struggle any further. On the 17th of february on the 36th ballot Morris of Vermont was absent and two Maryland federalists put in Blank ballots. Which gave the votes of these states to Jefferson in addition to Delaware and which elected him. Thus the fight ended. The tension had been extreme. For six Days the House had been in session and All Public business was at a standstill. Members dangerously ill were brought there on their Beds to vote and no Man could whether the Issue of the conflict would he a continuance of constitutional government or a revolution. Virginia and Pennsylvania wore ready to take up arms and in the former state the militia was actually gathered for service. Fortunately the patriotism and Wisdom of tile great federalist Leader prevailed and the country passed safely through a crisis which threatened its existence. Hunky Cabot Lodge. Latest parisian kinks. In almost every instance an ornament of some kind is used. Californians big Trees. Giant Sequoias that Are unrivalled in magnitude. Cd. D. Warner in february Harper the Sequoias dominate among splendid rivals Only by a magnitude that Lias no comparison elsewhere in the world. I think no Tine can anticipate the effect that one of these monarchs will have upon him. He has read that a coach and six can drive through one of the Trees that is standing that another is 33 feet in diameter and that its vast Stem 350 feet High is crowned with a mass of foliage that seems to Brush against the sky. To might be prepared for a Tower too feet in circumference and oven 400 feet High standing on a level Plain. But this living growth is quite another affair. Each tree is an individual and Hujsa personal character. No Man can stand in the presence of one of these giants without a new sense of the age of tile world and the insignificant Span of one human life but lie is also overpowered by a sense of some Gigantic personality. It does not relieve him to think of this As the Methuselah of Trees or to Call it by the name of some great poet or Captain. The Awe the tree inspires is of itself. As one lies and looks up at the enormous Hulk it seems not so much the bulk so lightly is it carried As the spirit of the tree the elastic vigor the patience the endurance of storm and change the confident might and the soaring almost contemptuous Pride that overwhelm the puny Spectator. It is just because Man can measure himself his littleness his Brevity of existence. With this growth out of the Earth that he is More personally impressed by it than he might lie by the Mere variation in the contour of the Globe which is called a Mountain. Tho imagination makes a plausible Effort to comprehend it and is foiled. No clearly it is not Mere size that impresses one it is the dignity the character in Tho tree. Tho authority Aud Power of Antiquity. Hide by Side of these venerable forms Are Young Sequoias Groat Trees themselves that Nave Only just begun their millennial career Trees that will if spared perpetuate to Remote Ages this race of giants and in two to four thousand years from now take the place of their grm grandfathers who Are sinking under it Hgt a eight of years and one by one measuring their length on the Earth. Barrett at rehearsal. With the actors who Are their own stage directors Whoso minds plan and supervise the action of the whole play the labor of study is doubled sometimes quadrupled. To them Falls the task of devising the stage business. This is acquired often in a manner that would strike Many observers As the height of eccentricity. Lawrence Barrett Tho Sun says sits in his study at this work moving Little tin or wooden soldiers hither and thither upon his desk delivering the speeches of each character in the play. Each tin Soldier represents a player. Moving Tho figures thus fixes firmly in the actors mind the stage business of each scene and when actual rehearsal begins upon the stage he is ready to direct the movements of All the actors. Willard the English actor used a chess Board with its men to acquire the same business. Other leaders use bits of Wood or corks in the same Way. She forgot something. New York Sun she was a tidy looking girl of 18, but rather overdressed and a bit too vain. She took a Madison Avenue car at 14th St., and As she Down it was noticed that she carried one Glove Loose Iii her hand. This was to display the four rings on Tho fingers of that plump and pretty member. The gloves were hot quite 40 rods Long and they did not have quite too buttons each. They came smear it As fashion demands. However and the girl looked pleased and satisfied. She had been Riding Leas than five minutes when she suddenly stood up and motioned for the car to Stop and half a minute later was out of sight. Then it was noticed that she had left the Glove on the seat and a boy about six years of age eyed it attentively for a few seconds and then whispered to his Mother beside him. Loud enough for All to hear Quot mama she a gone off and forgot one of her stockings a from trenches to White House. The principal Telegraph operator at the White House b. F. Montgomery is not Only an agreeable Man to meet hut is one with a somewhat romantic history. He was newsboy in the trenches at Richmond during the siege of that place. After the War he was educated by an aunt and passed a competitive examination for admission to the signal service corps. To was detailed to the in line House when Tho first Telegraph instrument was put in there 12 years ago and has been there Ever since. His additional duties Are to read the newspapers and make clippings from Thorn. Calling on the Cabinet. Mrs. Wanamaker a 20,000 hand shakes. At the vice presidents a we seem to have struck the Rich people today. That plainly dressed lady there who is just coming into the drawing room is mrs. Stanford. She done to look like tile wife of the richest Man in the country but you ought to see her at a big dinner or at a White House reception. The wears jewels at such times that Are Worth a Fortune and i have seen her when she had a necklace said to lie Worth 8100.000 shining out below that characteristic Chin. She is a woman of great common sense and she believes in dressing rightly at the proper places. A no one makes afternoon Calls except in Street dresses and you see that All the costumes today Are simple in Tho extreme. That White haired Man behind Lier is another Washington character. Note ids Jolly Bacchus like face his White hair his rotund form and his courtly airs. That is the greatest old Beau in Washington and his name is Gen. Van Vliet. He and Gen. Sherman Are great chums and they used to make their Calls together. Quot that Fine looking lady behind him is mrs. Senator Mcmillan who is another Rich woman with Beautiful daughters and there is senator Wolcott a wife who is also Rich and pretty. She is a newcomers Washington out seems to be growing very popular. Mrs. Gen. Wanamaker is a Temperance woman. She does not permit wine to be served at her Cabinet dinners and she has inaugurated this Bethany punch which is a combination of Lemons and oranges Flavoured in some Peculiar Way that makes it actually appetizing. ,. It has become quite popular in Washington and you find it everywhere now even though the Simon pure intoxicating article is served from a different bowl at tile same time. As we munched Over indigestible salted almonds Aud took a cup of Tea from a piece of China that was Worth its weight in Gold i asked my Friend to take note of a Man standing on the other Side of tile room. He was a tall Well formed Fine looking Man of perhaps 85. Quot i see him a said she in a whisper a and who is he a a that a replied i a is the Ward Mcallister of Washington. He used to be even More of an authority on social matters when mrs Gen. Yan Yaliet Yvio has Ikra Best Man at i 0 weddings. Famous Bethany punch which is drunk at some receptions. Ashington feb. 7. A i suppose it would be a Small estimate to that has shaken hands with 20,000 people at her wednesday receptions this season and you could hardly Croud the cards she has received into a two a Slud Basket. Let us join the crowd of tourists and make n Call upon her. The streets arc dry the Day is pleasant and we walk going past the White House by the Corcoran gallery past the metropolitan club whore count Arco Valley with his monocle tightly pinched by the flesh around his left Eye. Looks at us and on up to Farragut sq., on the South Side of which is now rising the Cream coloured Brick mansion on the ruins of Tho tire which caused the death of mrs. Secretary Tracy. At Tho Corner of Farragut so. We turn to the right along i St., and Stop Lief re a big Square three Story mansion of red Brick with a sort of a grecian portico Over it front door. The Street is filled with carriages and Coachmen and footmen Iii livery wit i bugs on their hats who sneer at us an they Vit stiff mid straight on Tho carriages of Tho nabobs. A wide awning extends from tile front door to the Edge of the Roadway and there is a carpet Laid across the sidewalk and up Hie Steps in order that Dame fashion May not soil her feet in coining in. A portly Butler stands at tile head of this Ami Tho door has apparently opened by magic swinging noiselessly Hack on its big brass hinges As we walk in Tho stops. To takes our curds on what looks like to collection plate and motions us to tile right. We keep on our wraps and go in As our names Are announced in loud tones. A handsome lady in evening dress stands near the door. It is mrs. Wanamaker. Site is straight Well formed Aud Fine looking and the smile with which she shakes our hands is a genuine one. She says a word or so about the Beautiful Day and then passes us on to Tho other ladies of the reception party who Are also dressed with trains and who Are among the distinguished women of the country. I note that one of them is very pretty and that her dress is a Corn coloured silk and that another has on a Light Blue crepe with a Gold Girdle and trimmings. This last lady is quite Young. She has a Beautiful form and Lier face has strength As Well As Beauty. Her name was slurred Over As we passed by her and my Friend asks in a whisper who she May be. Quot Why that a was my reply Quot is miss Minnie Wanamaker. She is thedaugh terhof tile postmaster general and she is one of the brightest girls in Washington. Quot the diplomats Are crazy Over Hor and she is one of the Best catches in America. Waua maker is Worth at least $8,000,000 and has Only four these words Are whispered and we move Back under a i Santiful painting and i give a running comment on some of the visitors As they enter Quot that Gray liaised lady Iii Black w Ith tile Bright eyes and fresh face is mrs. Logan. She is Well to do now and she is just beginning to go into society after her husbands death. Silo drives one of the finest turnouts in Washington and there is no More popular woman in the country. The pretty dark faced Little girl behind Hor is mrs. Tucker and that tall Fine looking Man is her husband the major. You see men Call Here As Well As women and the old Call As Well As the Young. That tall thin old Man who is now shaking hands with mrs. Wanamaker is Horatio he bras postmaster general Over 40 years ago and when Buchanan was president and Jeff Davis was a society Beau to had the place that Wanamaker has now. He is 75 years old but he is As Bright As a Dollar and he especially likes Young girls and will give you an introduction if you want my Friend replied that she did not care to be introduced just then and i went on Quot that tall lady with the Rosy Cheeks and Brown hair is mrs. Sherman. She is Fine looking Isnit she she has been in society Here longer than Horatio King and she came hero with John when he was elected to Congress away Back in 1854.�?� a before you were born a a yes i know but she likes to go calling As Well now As she did then Aud this Washington society is a thing that grows on you. What a lot that woman has seen. She knew Harriet Lane. She was a noted lady when Lincoln was president and for four years she had the same place that mrs. Wanamaker has now when John Sherman was Secretary of the Treasury. She has been one of the leaders of the senatorial Circle for years and years and she presides Over the senators big mansion on k St. That girl with her is her daughter Mary. She will probably to As big an heiress As Minnie Wanamaker and she is one of Tho Best liked girls among the daughters of the senators. Cleveland was Here than he is now. Hots considered the handsomest Man in Washington and ids name is or Ruth. He has been the Best Man at 60 weddings Ami he i is one of Tho old standbys of the Navy. He is a Bachelor leaving the Wanamaker mansion and crossing Farragut sq., we next went past Tho residence of senator Stanford and in a Tow minutes stood before the big House of i the Secretary of the Interior. It is a red i Brick facing Franklin sa., and it has the same awning and carpet leading out to the Street. Thoro was Tho same swell Butler at the door and mrs. Noble looked not unlike mrs. Wanamaker at the right it the Hall As we entered. Quot fully one half the senators and representatives a said i Quot like to be considered us society that tall Man with tile big head the Beefy shoulders Ami the face like great chinese doll is speaker Reed. This is Tho first time i hav e seen Bim out this season hat he usually goes to tile receptions and he looks like aunt Lier Man when you see him in a dress coat. The vice president makes the regular round of rails and All the naval officers Are fond of society. Superb Orloff horses. Pride of the Czar of All the russian a scene at Wanamaker Tho diplomats All Call and they Are among the most popular of the society beaus. The chinese minister and the korean minister Are among the callers and the korean minister always brings his wife with him i met him lust night Aud noting that there was some change in ids clothes i asked him what it meant. He replied he was in mourning. Quot of a said i Quot i suppose i of Are in mourning for your Little Cirild who died tie other Day a Quot of. No a said he. Quot i am sorry Tor my child but i do not mourn for Lier. I mourn for our Queen dowager the greatest woman Iii Korea who died a few months will Cabinet calling Lastyk is i suppose so. Mrs. Blaine is Tho Only Cabinet woman who has so far As i know Over objected to it. She will receive none but Lier friends on most Cabinet Days and callers Are told that the wife of the Secretary of state is not at Home. Why should to Nave Cabinet Calls Why should our Cabinet officers wives have to dress up Ami put themselves on dress Parade by be looked at by people about whom they done to care a cent every wednesday afternoon the expense of the receptions is something. I know some Cabinet officers who spend three or four times their salaries and can to afford to spend oboe the amount they receive. I know of others who would drop Cabinet receptions today if they could and of still others who they like them. The returning of Calls is quite an item of trouble and expense. Many of the Cabinet ladies now return their Calls by merely sending cards and some Are even returned by sending the cams through the mail. This however is the refinement of red tape snobbish Ness and the sending around of cards by a messenger is bad enough and perhaps the Best Way would be not to return the Calls at All. The returning of Calls however is not a matter of Choice As far As officials Are concerned. Tile senators wives and Tho wives of the members of the House of representatives would feel very much insulted if their Calls were not returned and Tho Cabinet ministers might find some of their pet schemes opposed in Congress through tile ill feeling caused by such a Blunder on the part of their wives. To Liao in fact a Quot merry War hero every year Over who shall cull first and the rank of tile vice president the justices of the supreme court the Cabinet ministers and of Tho congressmen is by no Means a sett led one. Mrs. Morton receives on the same Day As the Cabinet ministers Arni Atter leaving mrs. Rusks we called upon mrs. Morton. It was about 5 of clock when we entered the immense Many sided Brick mansion which constitutes Tho vice presidents Home and we found that the vice president was in the reception room at the time we were presented to mrs. Morton. A hat a Fine looking couple they Are miss Grundy or. Tricks with toothpicks. How to make two squares three squares and three diamonds. Tricks with toothpicks Why certainly. Yes and Good ones too. And better still anybody can do them after learning How. Here is oho that will Pizz file old Heads As Well As Young. Talco the picks and bum them into nine squares when they will look like the annexed diagram says Tho new York Herald. Then ask your Friend to remove eight picks and leave Only two squares instead of the original nine. If Che Irick is correctly done Tho eight picks bordering on the big outside Square will lie taken away and the solution will be seen in the second diagram which is Here Given. The three squares. Another Little puzzler is known As a the three first form the picks Iii the manner shown Iii the accompanying diagram and then request your Friend to remove three picks Arni leave buttre squares. He will undoubtedly Ponder Over the problem for a Long time before lie hits u i Ion Tho proper combination. It can Only a done in one Way and that is to take up the Central pick in Tho lower Row and then remove the two picks in tile upper left hand Corner. Then the squares will appear As in the fourth diagram. Trio of diamonds. Another pretty hut mystifying trick is styled the Trio of it is rather unfortunate Iii name As it gives a slight Cue As to the manner in which Tim Puzzle is done. The problem is to make four squares As in the fifth diagram a and to change the positions of four picks leaving three squares instead of Lour. These must All to joined together As at first and no of the same shape and size. Although this appears easy to solve yet Many people will find it to be a perplexing proposition. This however have to do take the two toothpicks from the upper left hand Comer and place them Iii the same position at the upper right hand Corner then remove the two picks from the lower right hand Corner and place them with the two others at the upper right hand Corner and the deed is done. Fanny Davenport a study. Fanny Davenport whose Cleopatra has risen of Homie like from the ashes of the fifth Avenue theatre Quot a Charm bostonian with its pictorial Beauty has says the Sun. An Odd preference for a railway car As a study. Whenever she wants to study anew part it is Ber custom to hire a boudoir car All for herself and while this train is spinning along to study with persistence and Zeal. Miss Davenport says that Many of Tho striking things that she does Oil the Stagen a a Cleopatra mid Quot Fedora and Quot la loses a were the outcome of ideas that she got from her father e. L. Davenport the tragedian can the Strain he introduced to this country to advantage i sex minister Beale talks of some of the finest steeds in the world. Washington. Feb. 5.�?�?oso you want to know something about the famous Orloff horses of Russia and of my experience As the breeder of arabian strains. I know Little of either Branch of the subject but what i do know i will the speaker was sex minister to russian Edward f. Beales an sex officer of the United states army in which he served with distinction the intimate Friend of Gen. Grant and a Man of extensive information on All subjects. Gen. Beale is also one of Tho most extensive and successful breeders of Tho Light harness horse in Maryland. It was in his charge that Gen. Grant placed the arabian stallions. Leopard and Linden tree which were presented him by Tho Sultan of Turkey when the great general was on his tour around the world. Tho quaint old mansion in which Gen. Beale lives with its Iron barred windows is one of Tho historic residences of Washington. It was there that the celebrated Coin. Decatur lived when not engaged in the service of his country and it was there Tho indomitable old Warrior was brought Tom and blooding from wounds received in the Duel with Barron near Bladensburg nearly half a Century ago mid it was in that House that the conquerer of the Algerine pirates breathed his lust a few hours after the fatal encounter with Barron. A during my stay Iii Russia Quot continued Gen. Beale Quot As Well As during my Stuy in the capital of Austria. I a great Deal of the Orloff Strain of horses and Hail the Opportunity to study their characteristics. Most of those that came under my notice would average. I should think about 16 bands High. They Are extremely fashionable among the nobility of Russia and Austria As Carriage horses and Tiro chiefly affected by the aristocracy. A in action they Are what is railed a Trappy a and move with the Peculiar Grace that distinguishes the arabian Strain above any other in the world. They Are High spirited Ami yet of docile disposition unless abused. As to legs and feet Well no horses that Ever stood on Iron Ever had such a Peri legs and feet As Tho Bluffs. To begin with their legs Are Short Between joints and Are simply eat gut and steel. No other terms express their strength an i durability so completely. Then too they Are Well muscled no horses Excel them in that important feature. The Heads Are Small and Bony their muzzle s tapering and they have that Width Between Tho Eves that denotes intelligence. Their Manes and tails while not Long and heavy nevertheless conform to Tho general symmetry of the animal. Quot the Orloffe a Eves when the animal is in repose Are mild inaction they glow with Cage mess ambition and Pride. The or offs possess the Short backs that denote strength and the Long bodies that Are necessary for Speed. In repose they stand with their feet Well under them they never sprawl or seem listless when in a general Are they capable of extreme flights of Speed a a not As we americans count Speed. I was about to relate to you a race i not Long since on Tho Prater at Vienna. A team of or offs were hitched to a Hoay vehicle Tho wheels of which were As heavy As those of our Hay wagons in this country. There was no Box on Tho Wagon. The Driver on a Board extending from the Hind to the fore wheels and braced lits feet against the shoulder in front of him. Hie distance to to trotted was one and one half Miles and repeat Over a hard Asphalt pavement. A it seemed ridiculous to to to attempt such a feat and expect that anything like fast time would be made and yet Tho team trotted the heat on Tho average time of four minutes to Tho mile handicapped As they wore with weight a compared with tile american trotting Horae the Orloff is his inferior in Point of Speed. I believe none of them have made a mile in less than 2.30 or thereabouts while with us. Unless a horse can show a mile in 2.20 lie suffers More or less of a discount. Quot you Are aware that the Orloff Strain had its origin by Tim mating of an arabian stallion with Flanders mares. By careful Breeding Prince Orloff Over 150 years ago. Laid the foundation for the most useful Type of horse that can be found in Europe today. The finest team of Carriage horses j in Paris when there a Short time ago was a pair driven by Prince a Htiu. If Over horses spurned the Earth they did and As the moved gracefully along tossing Tho foam from their lips by the nervous but rhythmic motion of their proud Heads they wore Tho admiration of the thousands who paused to see them sweep by. His Imperial majesty the Czar uses Only or offs in his carriages and rides Only or offs As do also the members of the Imperial family officers of the household As Well As officers of Tho army generally. Quot and yet after All that has been said in favor of tile Orloff Strain. I doubt whether the importation of it to this country will Ever become fashionable or desirable. We Are laying the foundation in the United states of Tho most marvellous strains of horses for general purposes that Tho world has Ever known. I he Trotter As lie really is is known Only in the United states. In the matter of endurance and Speed to has never been equalled. As we Advance in Tho science of Breeding those who make a business of propagating his species will pay More attention to size and symmetry than has been done in the past. Why. Even in my Day. And within Tho Brief period of to years Tipiere has been a great improvement in this respect. Tile saying when on sees a horse that promises Speed that a the looks ugly enough to be a Trotter a will be eliminated from the vocabulary of horse lore. A your Carriage horses instead of being of cold blood As is largely the Case today will he Rich in trotting blood. At the same time the size will be increased. Good limbs and feet will a More common than they Are now. Because Only the Best types will be used for Breeding purposes Aud we shall As time passes have More and More eliminated the cold blood from our harness horses which in my opinion will Aid in producing sound feet. Aud in doing All this we shall still More add to the wealth of the country As the breeders of the United states have already done by their sagacity foresight Energy and Pluck. A just think for a moment of the millions upon millions of dollars produced by the bleeders of Kentucky As a single Case in Point. Breeding studs Are multiplying in nearly All of the states of the Union East As Well As West. As a matter of fact. Breeding of the Light harness horse has Corno to lie an exact science. Even our Farmers Are becoming every year More critical in the mating of their mares and some of them Are paying for the services of stallions sums that 30, 40 and 50 years ago would have staggered men of extreme wealth of that a general what in your opinion is the future or immediate Prospect of a horse trotting a mile in two minutes a a Well a reply to that question must involve More or less speculation. We have been upwards of 50 years engaged in evolving a horse with the record of Maud s., so you will Sec that the fight against time has been an arduous one. And seconds have been chipped off slowly and tediously. However i Ain Hono Ful of the future and rather choose to believe that Tho two minute Trotter is nearer at hand than some people Quot general you have experimented somewhat have you not with the arabian strains of blood what has been your Success in that direction and what is your opinion of the arabian As a valued contributor to our native strains of blood Quot a i had both of the Grant arabian stallions for some time at my Stock farm in Maryland and used them liberally not Only with my own mares but other gentlemen had the Benefit of their services. Many of the mares embraced by them were trotting bred and some had records As Trotters. I never had one of the produce trained nor have i heard of any one who has secured a Trotter from a son or a daughter of either Leopard or Linden. The latter was in my Possession but a Short time. Leopard was on my Stock farm Aud was used for nearly to years until 18 months ago. At the request of or. Samuel g. Howland of genes see n. Y., son in Law of the late August Belmont i loaned Leopard to him to Cross on his Breeding stud of Hunters. A i will this of the arabian As i know him. He has symmetry Grace endurance Good feet and legs docility and intelligence. He cannot be used As an improvement to either our trotting or running strains. He is a Good and easy Galloper he is an excellent animal with which to take stiff fences and. Crossed with the English Hunter will. I honestly believe produce Tho greatest Strain of Saddle horses the world has Ever seen. I mounted the arabian Leonard once just to satisfy my curiosity As to ins traits. I must that i never on a pigs skin and that pig s skin strapped to a horse that i Den Yea More satisfaction and pleasure from than on the occasion mentioned hts Trot was so soft and his Gallop so nearly Akin to perfection a a on Day i said to the horse. A Yon seem to lie such a Good natured fellow i will put Yon to a cart and see How you will perform. He had never before had a liar Ness on his Back. Well. We hitched him up. He was a Little awkward of course at first but he drove pleasantly As soon As he Learned what wag wanted of him. Quot Leopard was a Gray when Young. He ii now 15 years old and nearly if not quit White. He is about 14 i hands High and for his inches is a Model of horse flesh. A More perfectly made horse than Leopard was never sired. I am in Hopes that in or. Howland s hands he will produce some thing worthy of his Royal something late. On snowshoes. What you can do when you know How hurdle races and Long distance tramps. Tappan attn by in harpers Young people those who look for the first time on the wide Clumsy snowshoes that hang crossed upon the Wall of a Young bachelors apartments. Or Are exhibited in some museum among other curious tilings from the North would regard them As an awkward sort of shots and a difficult if not dangerous thing to use. Tho beginner is As ill at ease As a cat with paper shoos on and More certain to come to grief. By till the abject humility that follows tile first trial comes a respect for the Snow Shoer of Only average ability Awe and admiration Tor the expert who shuffles along unconscious of the great Fiat surfaces tied to his feet. Iii the Northern part of tile United states and in Canada where it is said the year consists of a weight months Winter and four months poor the Snowshoe is a necessity for Hunters trappers Anil those who must travel the unbroken Snow. These men begin As boys tramping a out with Long narrow clipboards fastened to their fact setting wire nooses for the Little White rabbits that track the Snow with their own Broad feet. As they grow older they get their first pair of raw hide snowshoes Aud with these they go beating Hunt the country on longer excursions it till gun on shoulder scaring away everything but the noisy squirrels and impudent chickadees. As men oho must lie with them to appreciate tile ease with which they can run Tho marvellous Way they slide Down the steepest Banks clinging to limbs and Bushes and How go wit i skip Aud jump Atter Tho Long legged startled Moose through Tho roughest places where the great Trees uprooted by the storms lie piled in endless confusion underneath the Snow never tripping never falling. As your Indian guide tells you Quot Martin fall Down very poor i have heard from those who knew him of a certain Lumberman in Canada who was so Good a Snowshoe that Thoro was not a Man in the whole country who running on a hard beaten Roadway with moccasins could beat him As he ran on his snowshoes in the deep Snow alongside. As a Means of recreation and social enjoyment. Snowshoeing has been taken up by canadians and by americans who visit Canada. For Many years Snowshoe club its especially those at Montreal have held besides their regular tramps tournaments each year which Many people from Tho United states have keenly in toyed. These carnivals Liao been imitated in our own cities where there has been enough Snow Ami ice for those Northern sports. There Are hurdle races also. It seems to us impossible to jump a hurdle with snowshoes such As Are worn in Montreal. These shoe.?Are the kind we see most commonly in the United states and Are noticeable for their Long a wheels a which would to dreadfully in the Way when jumping. I tile Early wars with French and indians Many a Winter Campaign could never have been carried on hut for the snowshoes which alone made marching possible. In the Winter attacks of the Savages upon Tho settlements in Northern new England and in Tho expeditions of English and French troops snowshoes were a necessary part of then equipment their baggage being hauled on sleds or toboggans. Long distances across country Are accomplished As quickly and with less fatigue on snowshoes Over the Snow than on foot Over the same ground after the Snow has melted away. There is something Iii the Spring of the Snowshoe and in the manner of the Long swinging step that Nick is it easier than Ordinary walking especially if the ground is uneven. Nothing is More awkward for a beginner than learning to keep right Side up on snowshoes. It is not necessary to walk with legs stretched wide apart for one shoe is lifted Over instead of around the other. The tracks lie one in front of the other almost As in Ordinary walking. By taking Long Steps one need never flounder in the Snow As a beginner does who lets till toe of one shoe get caught under the Heel of the the woman who pleases. New York world Quot she knows just How to talk to All kinds and conditions of men a was the recommendation Given for a Bright woman who makes her living As much by her ability to please As by her actual labors. Seeing that woman afterwards and observing her closely one could not but be impressed with the truth of what had been said. She was Gay with the Gay silent when any one else wanted to talk talkative with the shy always Good tempered never too animated and never never visibly in pain nor in tears. She was always charming Bright sympathetic and Sweet. She was witty too hut not terribly so. She kept her wit to illumine conversation and to lighten Dull spirits not to Burn hearts nor scorch sensitive feeling. Everybody went from her presence feeling comfortable in spirit and with reasonably satisfied hearts. She was a peacemaker and a courage strengthener. There Are two or three dozen of such women in the world. And when Yon find brio she will Tell you that it is almost impossible for her to get an evening to herself because so Many dear kind friends Are Apt to drop in of an evening. And she will add a a in a glad its so for i should not be Able to get through the Day without the Prospect of these pleasant evenings. I wish the Days might be All evenings with a time table that never crept beyond the limits of 8 toll p. awl buttons out of potatoes. St. Louis interview great quantities of buttons Are now made from potatoes. It us not generally known that if the substance of the com thou Irish potato be treated with certain acids it becomes almost As hard As Stone and can to used for Many purposes for which Horn Ivory and Bone Are employed. Tiffs Quality of the potato adapts it to Button making and a very Good Grade of Button is now made from the Quot Well known tuber. Tho potato Button cannot be distinguished from others save by a careful examination and even then Only by an expert since they Are tailored to suit the goods on which they Are to be used Aud Are every Whit a goo looking As a Button of Bone or Ivory. Their cheapness is a great recommendation and will no doubt Lead to a much larger employment in the future. Huh
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