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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - October 2, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina Sports Eagles Meet Bears In Tonight's Game Page 7 AA Quick Read Unneeded Care May Cost Billions WASHINGTON (AP) - Amen-cans waste billions of dollars on unneeded medical costs while nearly half the U.S. population can’t pay for decent care, says a report to a congressional study group. Witnesses before the panel recommend national health insurance, national care standards to avoid unnecessary treatments, an emphasis on preventive medicine, and a shift of more research dollars to health problems affecting the elderly, according to the report. The American health care system is “expensive, wasteful and denies millions of Americans even the most basic medical attention,” Rep. James H. Scheuer, D-N.Y., said today in releasing the report. * “We spend $1.5 billion a day on health care, much more as a share of GNP than any other industrialized nation,” he said. “Are we getting our money’s worth? Absolutely not.” The report was based on nine days of hearings conducted in 1988 by the Joint Economic Committee’s subcommittee on education and health, chaired by Scheuer. The 18-member committee is a bipartisan economic advisory group with membership weighted in favor of the majority party. Exhibit Asks: Who Wears The Pants? WASHINGTON (AP) — Bulletin from the sexual war front: Washing ton businessmen, borrowing an idea from their female colleagues, have begun wearing white running shoes beneath their pin-stripe suits for the rush-hour dash to the subways. “First it was the women who broke out of high heels, and now the men are wearing running shoes,” says Claudia Kidwell, costume curator of a new Smithsonian Institution exhibit titled “Men and Women: A History of Costume, Gender and Power.” Kidwell, a specialist in costumes for the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History, is encouraged by this casual abandonment of sexual stereotypes in footwear — high heels for women, stiff wingtips for men — in favor of mutual comfort.Weather Partly cloudy skies are forecast tonight with a chance of rain. The low will be in the 60s. Tomorrow will be mostly sunny and warm. The high will be in the upper 80s. Please see Page 6A for details.Deaths Arthur Butler, Far Rockaway, N.Y. Mrs. Donnie H. Derrick, Chesterfield Lillie L. Good, Evans, Ga. James Henley, Augusta Evan Johnson, Newark, N J. Essie B. Lampp, Augusta Alma L. Lawson, Aiken Ralph Padgett, Barnwell Joe B. Raines, Johnston Fairey M Rasmussen, Augusta Amelia Soudeleir, North Augusta Henry Thomas, Augusta Ruby S Williamson, Burnettown Please see Page 6A for details.Inside Today Bridge...............................................7B Calendar............................................3B Classifieds.........................................5B Comics..............................................4B Crossword.........................................8B Cryptoquote.......................................6B Dear Abby..........................................4B Local Front........................................1B Obituaries.........................................6A Opinions............................................4A Sports................................................7A Television..........................................4B Weather.............................................6A Page 2A New Auto Insurance Law Takes Hold Monday, October 2, 1989 Aiken, South Carolina Vol. 122 No. 243 Hugo Help Continues By The Associated Press CHARLESTON — Former President Reagan sent a check for $1,000 and Marilyn Quayle planned to visit the Low-country today, joining a number of people helping victims of Hurricane Hugo. The city ravaged by the storm paused Sunday to thank the volunteers. “What you’re doing will never be forgotten,” Mayor Joseph Riley told several hundred weary workers who gathered at a noon rally. “People from all over the country came to help a community in need. We might have suffered some damage, but our spirit is alive.” The mayor read several letters of support from children and other well-wishers from across the land. Meanwhile, the weather hadn’t let up in South #arolina, with a tornado touching down in storm-ravaged Berkeley County early this morning and heavy rain causing flooding throughout the state. A trailer in the Berkeley County community of Lebanon that survived the hurricane was tossed onto a road by the tornado early this morning, causing minor injuries to two occupants. The twister went between an empty house and the trailer, about IO miles north of Goose Creek, said Doris Browder, a dispatcher with the Berkeley County Emergency Medical Service. “The trailer was slung across the road,” she said. “I’m sure most of their injuries were mental, not physical. They probably got through the hurricane all right, then to have this happen.” About IOO people in Anderson County, in the northern part of the state, were evacuated from their homes for a few hours Sunday because of rising flood waters. No injuries were reported. Heavy rain hampered cleanup efforts throughout the state. Sixty-three buildings collapsed in the historic city of Charleston when Hugo crashed ashore and more than 350 were severely damaged by the hurricane’s 135 mph wind. Volunteers flooded into town to remove trees, clear debris and pitch in to help people in need. Marilyn Quayle planned to tour the damaged areas by helicopter today and work at disaster centers in Moncks Corner and Charleston this afternoon. She also planned to work at disaster centers in Charleston on Tuesday. Sen. Fritz Hollings, D-S.C., an outspoken critic of the response by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, praised the volunteer laborers for their efforts. (See HUGO, Page HA)Rains Bring Minor Flooding To Upstate By The Associated Press Two people in Berkeley County suffered minor injuries from a tornado early this morning, and authorities said at least IOO people in about 35 homes in Anderson County had to be evacuated for a few hours because of flooding. The two suffered cuts and bruises early today when a tornado hit their trailer in die Berkeley County community of Lebanon, about IO miles north (rf Goose Creek. The twister went between an empty bouse and the trailer, said Doris Browder, a dispatcher with the Berkeley County Emergency Medical Service. Embassies Attracting Refugees By The Associated Press BONN, West Germany — Bonn sought today to arrange passage to the West for hundreds more East German refugees converging on Prague and Warsaw now that East Berlin has allowed trainloads of their compatriots to emigrate. In mid-September, East Germany’s Communist leaders registered fierce protests when Hungary’s liberal leaders opened their border to the West and thousands of East Germans fled. But this weekend East Berlin actually agreed to allow another wave in the exodus after the grounds of West Germany’s embassy in Prague, Czechoslovakia, had become a crowded, muddy encampment for hundreds of East German refugees. No sooner were East Germans told they could leave, however, than 700 new arrivals were reported at Bonn’s embassies in Prague and Warsaw. (See EMBASSIES, Page IU) TEARS OF JOY: An unidentified East German couple and their baby look out the window when their train arrives in Hot, West Germany Sunday morning. Along AP Laserphoto with some 4,000 East Germans, they were allowed to leave the West German embassy in Prague to the West U.S. Backs Tax Hike To Help Drug War Jubile O ublic v>Jpinion Media General • AP Poll in your opinion, how much of a problem is illegal drug use in your neighborhood: wry serious, somewhat serious, not too serious or not at I By The Associated Press NEW YORK — Americans overwhelmingly favor an increase in “sin taxes” to help fund President Bush’s war on drugs, according to a Media General-Associated Press poll. The poll also found that many preferred treatment of drug users to punishment, and expressed doubt that more prisons will help. And many doubted Bush’s plan will succeed: Among the 61 percent who called drug abuse the nation’s most important problem, barely more than a third expected the problem to ease during the next decade. Nearly one-third of all respondents knew someone who uses cocaine. But most said drug abuse is not a serious problem in their own neighborhoods, and just one-seventh rated it “very serious” where they live. The poll, conducted Sept. 14-24 among 1,071 Americans, had a margin of error of plus or minus 3 percentage points. Bush has proposed a $7.9 billion program to fight illegal drugs, saying they are “sapping our strength as a nation.” Seventy percent of the money is earmarked for law enforcement, the rest for education and treatment. In the poll, though, six in IO said providing treatment for drug users would accomplish more than punishing them. And 57 percent said building more federal prison cells for drug offenders — as Bush wants — won’t help. Sixty-five percent believed boosting military and law-enforcement aid to cocaine-exporting countries would help reduce drug abuse. But the highest levels of support were for greater federal spending on drug treatment, with 80 percent in favor, and education, with 91 percent in favor. Respondents were split on whether Bush’s plan spends enough money, too little or too much. Nearly half wanted anti-drug money taken from other pro grams, while a third favored raising taxes. The rest were unsure. Though taxes were generally unpopular, three-quarters said they would support raising cigarette or alcoholic beverage taxes to pay for a bigger drug program, and seven in IO supported a I percent increase in corporate income taxes. Another funding scheme had less support: By 53-43 percent, respondents opposed a I percent increase in personal income taxes. The number of people calling drug abuse the nation’s greatest problem has risen steadily in opinion polls as the issue gained increasing attention: While most rank it the No. I problem nationally, however, just 14 percent reported a “very serious” drug problem where they live. An additional 26 percent rated the problem “somewhat serious” in their neighborhoods. The larger share — about six in ■ SS UUfJI    I    MO ' h.)‘, a 3 poinl margin J OI arr or Bacaus* ol / rounding, turns may not total IOO Very Somewhat Not too Not at all Don't know • no answer 5% IO — rated their local drug problem as “not too” or “not at all” serious. Big-city dwellers were most concerned, with half saying illegal drugs posed a serious problem in their neighborhoods. Abortion Heads List Of Closely Watched High Court Cases By The Associated Press WASHINGTON — The Supreme Court begins its new term much where it left off last summer — with the issue of abortion heading the list of closely watched cases. After a three-month recess, the justices return to the bench today to begin deliberations in a variety of controversial legal and political disputes. None is likely to be more divisive, or a better bellwether of the court’s conservative course, than abortion. The court will hear arguments in three abortion cases, probably in December or January, that will determine whether it will expand the new regulatory power it gave states last July. Harvard University law professor Laurence Tribe said the July ruling “began, in a very major way, the dismantling of Roe versus Wade,” the court’s 1973 ruling that established a right to abortion. “The court may never say Roe versus Wade is overruled, but is likely to say, ‘Roe versus Wade ... never heard of it,’” Tribe said. Officials from Minnesota and Ohio are urging the justices to allow laws requiring young, unmarried girls to get parental consent before having abortions. In the third case, Illinois is seeking stricter control over clinics that perform the great majority of abortions. The state officials are not asking the court to overturn Roe vs. Wade, which legalized abortions nationwide. The Bush administration, which urged the court last term to reverse the 1973 ruling, is taking a lower profile this time. The Justice Department will not participate in oral arguments in any of the three cases, although it is expected to submit a legal brief supporting Minnesota’s parental consent law. The abortion debate in America was recast dramatically by the court’s July 3 ruling in a Missouri case cutting back abortion rights and letting states make abortions harder to obtain. The court, by a 5-4 vote, said states may require doctors to administer tests for determining whether a fetus is capable of surviving outside the womb. It also ruled that states may ban even privately paid abortions in public hospitals. Holding the balance of power in that case — and perhaps for the future of abortion rights — is Sandra Day O’Connor, the only female justice in the court’s history. In a separate concurring opinion in July, she said the Missouri regulations do not place an “undue burden” on a woman’s right to an abortion. O’Connor said she was not prepared to decide then whether the right established 16 years ago now should be discarded. Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist and Justices Anthony M. Kennedy and Byron R. White are ready to overturn Roe vs. Wade. Justice Antonin Scalia voted to do so. Justices Harry A. Blackmun, William J. Brennan, Thurgood Marshall and John Paul Stevens reaffirmed their support of the 1973 holding. The July ruling has made abortion a hotter issue for the state legislatures, where rejuvenated women’s rights activists and anti-abortion forces are taking the battle. The system was in force for five years before a federal judge ruled it was unconstitutional. But the 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the judge’s ruling. ^ The second parental notification case, Ohio vs. Akron Center for Reproductive Health, raises similar issues. ;