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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - November 23, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina Sports Preps Resume Playoffs Page IBA Quick Read Filtered Coffee Healthiest Brew BOSTON (AP) — Filtered coffee, by far the favorite among U.S. coffee drinkers, may also be the healthiest brew for the heart, a study says. The research in today’s New England Journal of Medicine found a strong link between rising cholesterol levels and boiled coffee, a brewing method popular in Scandinavia. People who used this method for nine weeks had a IO percent rise in their cholesterol levels, which translates into a 20 percent increase in their risk of heart disease. But when they stayed with filtered coffee, the most popular brewing method in the United States, their cholesterol levels remained steady. “The bottom line of the study is that it seems the way you make your coffee makes a large difference,” said Dr. Diederick E. Grobbee of Erasmus University Medical School in the Netherlands. Man Spreads AIDS To At Least 11 Women BOSTON (AP) — Women who think they are safe from AIDS because they avoid risky sex “may have a false sense of security,” say researchers who traced ll cases of AIDS infection to sexual relations with the same man. The women, all Belgians, were largely well-educated and middleclass and averaged Vh sexual partners over a three-year period. But despite their seemingly low risk, they caught the virus from a civil engineer who probably contracted it in Africa. Researchers said their study “emphasizes that middle-class women” can catch the virus even though they don’t have sex with drug addicts or bisexuals. Doctors said the cluster of infection is the largest to be documented among heterosexuals since the epidemic emerged almost a decade ago.Weather Skies To Clear Rainclouds will begin to clear today. The high will be in the 50s. Tonight will be clear and colder with a low in the 20s. Friday will be mostly sunny with a high in the 50s. Please see Page 4B for details. AIKEN COUNTY PUBLIC UBRAflt | Page 2A EAL Pilots Call Off Sympathy Strike Page IC Stores Prepare For Big Shopping Day Thursday, November 23, 1989 Aiken, South Carolina Vol. 122 No. 29S Defective Fuel Rods Found At SRS Last YearReplacement Cost Question Undecided By KATHY KADADE States News Service WASHINGTON — Engineers of E. I. du Pont deNemours & Co. discovered over a year ago that reactors at the Savannah River nuclear weapons plants were equipped with defective fuel rod assemblies, a General Accounting Office report has said. According to the report, the Energy Department immediately ordered the as semblies replaced or — where possible — repaired. But a top official of the Energy Department told a House subcommittee last month that DOE has not decided whether to attempt to hold du Pont, then the plant operator, liable for the extra costs. The General Accounting Office is a research arm of Congress. The report, dated Oct. 23, 1989, was written at the request of the House subcommittee on environment, energy and natural resources. Costs of repairing the reactors will certainly exceed $700,000, the GAO report said. Under one scenario, the costs could be much higher. Repairs to K reactor — whose fuel rod assemblies will be replaced entirely - could ultimately be as high as $8 million, the report said. Three reactors at the Savannah River facility — K, L, and P — manufacture tritium, a radioactive isotope which is used to make nuclear weapons. The Aiken facility is the nation’s sole source of tritium, but the plant has been shut down for over a year because the conditions and procedures at the site caused widespread official concern that the aging plant could not be operated safely. Federal energy officials have been working for months to modernize the plant. The defective components described in the GAO report are at the heart of the tritium-production process. Tritium is produced when tubes containing enriched uranium release neutrons during the fission process. The neutrons are absorbed by “targets” — tubes containing lithium. The tubes are subsequently cooled and “processed” to extract tritium, the report said. “These fuel and target tubes must be manufactured to a very specific standards or specifications,” the GAO authors asserted. According to the report, du Pont engineers in September, 1988, discovered that contents of a tube in P reactor were “too low for where the specifications said the (Please See DEFECTIVE, Page 7A)Deaths Irma S. Ayling, Graniteville Ollie M. Clay, Augusta Mabel Jones Holmes, Graniteville Cleve Newman, Augusta Barbara Salvato, Williston Please see Page 4B for details. Inside Today Bridge...............................................6D Calendar............................................IF Classifieds.........................................2D Comics..............................................6C Crossword.........................................8D Cryptoquote.......................................4D Dear Abby..........................................6C Local News .................................9B,1C Obituaries..........................................6A Opinions............................................IE Sports................................................1B Television..........................................6C Weather.............................................6AHoliday Hours In order for employees of the Aiken Standard to spend the Thanksgiving holiday with their families, the newspaper will close its offices at noon both Thursday and Friday. The daily newspaper will be delivered as usual. The newspaper will resume regular office hours on Monday. I Thessalonians 5:18: In Everything, Give Thanks' By The Rev. Finace Bush Jr. Pastor, Beaverdam Baptist Church According to history, a day is set aside each year as Thanksgiving Day. On this day, people give thanks with feasting and prayer for the blessings they may have received during the year. The first Thanksgiving Days were harvest festivals, or days for thanking God for plentiful crops. For this reason the holiday still takes place late in the fall, Rev. Bush after the crops have been gathered. For thousands of years people in many lands have held harvest festivals. The Ameri can Thanksgiving Day probably grew out of the harvest-home celebrations of England. In the United States, Thanksgiving is usually a family day, celebrated with big dinners and joyous reunions. The very mention of Thanksgiving often calls up memories of kitchens and pantries crowded with good things to eat. Thanksgiving is also a time for serious religious thinking, church services, care for the less fortunate, and prayer. Although Thanksgiving should be our frequent expression or manifestion to God and our fellow man, for kindness, generosity, hospitality, love and patience shown towards us, many do not feel the urgent need to express thanks, neither are they aware of the positive effect it has on our entire (Please See I Thess. 5:18, Page 7A)Disasters Lend New Meaning By GEORGE GARTIES Associated Press Writer Images of families still struggling after the ravages of the California earthquake and Hurricane Hugo in the Carolinas brought new meaning this year to the day Americans feast and give thanks for Hie nation’s plenty. While millions sat down to turkey dinners at home, many others celebrated the holiday by sharing with the less for- back the homeless in the cities, the destitute overseas. Around Charleston, S.C., where shattered homes still bear witness to the hurricane that killed 29 people Sept. 21 and 22, volunteers will serve up 5,000 turkey dinners at 13 sites for hurricane victims. “We got a lot to be thankful for,” said Charleston City Councilman Robert Ford, who represents many of the city’s poorer areas. “Everything we lost in Charleston was mostly material anyway. People should be grateful for the fact that they have their lives and health (Please See DISASTERS, Page 7A) Campbell: S.C. Bruised, By KATHY KADADE States News Service WASHINGTON — Gov. Carroll Campbell took a “we’re open for business” message to journalists Wednesday at a Washington news conference, saying he had come to the nation’s capital to spread the word because the state’s resorts could lose hundreds of millions in revenue if tourists continue to shun the state. Carroll said he hoped to erase the “misconception” — disseminated by press coverage of the Hurricane Hugo disaster — that the state’s beaches had “been washed into the Atlantic Ocean,” and Charleston’s streets are impassable. “We were bruised, but we never broke,” he told a roomful of about 25 re- \ Hugo’s a bad memory and...‘We’re open for business.’ — Gov. Campbell porters from national news organizations, including the Associated Press and NBC-TV. Since the hurricane hit, beaches and golf courses have been rehabilitated and many resorts, such as Hilton Head, did not suffer any appreciable damage. “You can help us,” he told reporters. “It’s important that coastal tourism beNot Broken put back in business. And we can promise that w° will have a first-class presentation for anybody that comes to South Carolina.” Carroll said coastal resorts employ 90,000 South Carolinians. But news coverage of the hurricane coverage had hurt their business. Hotels in the northern coastal area around Myrtle Beach, called the Grand Strand, are doing only about 80 percent of the business normal for this time of year, despite the fact that beaches are largely clear and golf courses intact, he said. Hotel occupancy in Charleston and other southern coastal areas is down to 60 or 70 percent of normal operations, he said. (Please See CAMPBELL, Page 7A) GOV. CAMPBELL: Reassurances about Carolina recovery. i    \BushSays Cold War Must End By TIMOTHY J. MCNULTY Knight-Ridder WASHINGTON — In a Thanksgiving eve message, President Bush broadened the scope of his coming summit with Mikhail Gorbachev, telling the nation he wants to see “once and for all an end to the Cold War.” In a first-time live address from the presidential cabin at Camp David, Bush spoke in the most lyrical fashion yet about the liberalization in Eastern Europe, calling it “a new reality.” But he also tried to reassure the European allies that there would be “no surprises” from his shipboard meeting with the Soviet leader, to begin in nine days off Malta in the Mediterranean Sea. The president insisted that detailed arms-control issues will be left for the next summit, sometime late next spring or summer, and he declared that American troops will remain in Europe as long as they are wanted and needed. Referring to the dramatic opening of the Berlin Wall two weeks ago, Bush paraphrased the poet Robert Frost: “There is something in us that doesn’t love a wall.” Sitting in front of a bookcase by a brick fireplace at the Maryland retreat, Bush declared: “America wants President Gorbachev’s reforms, known as peres- (Please See BUSH, Page 7A)Dazzling Show Sends Shuttle On Quiet Flight By LAURA TOLLEY Associated Press Writer SPACE CENTER, Houston — The Discovery astronauts whirled around Earth today on a hush-hush military mission that began with a dazzling nighttime launch and is expected to include deployment of a sophisticated spy satellite. A military-imposed news blackout surrounding the flight continued today, the five crew members’ first full day in orbit. Their Thanksgiving holiday in space will include a dinner of turkey and cranberry sauce. The beginning of the classified mission was anything but secret as Discovery (blasted off at 7:23 p.m. Wednesday from Cape Canaveral, Fla., carving a spectacular fiery path across the heavens. People at the launch site could see it for more than 600 miles. “It was gorgeous. It was a bright, * ' 'igy sky,” said Dorothy Flores of Winter Park. The dark sky over the central Florida coast turned bright as the shuttle lifted almost straight up and headed over the Atlantic Ocean. “We are delighted with the results,” said Forrest McCartney, director of the Kennedy Space Center. “It’s something that Americans can be proud and thankful for on Thanksgiving. ” The liftoff was only the third after dark, and the time was dictated by the secret cargo and its mission. The shuttle’s ascent provided a spectacular view over a large part of Florida, but clouds obscured the visibility for the rest of the Southeast. AP Laserphoto NIGHT LIFTOFF: Space Shuttle Discovery blasts olf from Kennedy Space Center with a burst of fire and smoke. ;

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