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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - November 19, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina Page 2A Cheney Admits Soviet Military Cuts Page 9A Power Franchise On Council Agenda SUfoett Sfan&irfi No. I Notre Dame ... 34 No. 17 Penn State.... 23 No. 2 Colorado 59 Kansas St............]] Sunday, November 19, 1989 No. 3 Michigan Minnesota..... No. 4 Alabama S. Mississippi.. No. 5 Florida St. Memphis St. ... No. 6 Nebraska Oklahoma..... 49 J5 37 J4 57 20 42 25 No. 7 Miami, Fla 42 San Diego St..........6 No. 8 Southern Cal. ..IO UCLA.............. ..IO No. 9 Tennessee ... .. 33 Mississippi......... ..71 No.II Auburn..... ..70 Georgia............ No. 12 Illinois...... ..41 Indiana............. .78 No. 15 Clemson..... ..45 South Carolina...... .. 0 No. 16 Virginia..... .48 Maryland........... .21 No. 19 Pittsburgh... .47 East Carolina........ .4? No. 20 Texas Tech .. .48 Southern Methodist.. .24 No. 21 Brigham Young 70 Utah................ .31 No. 22 Ohio St...... .4? Wisconsin........... .7? New Mexico......... .45 No. 23 Fresno St.... .22 No. 25 Duke........ .41 North Carolina....... .. 0 ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ Weather Fair Skies Today Fair skies are forecast today with a low in the low 40s. Tomorrow will be partly cloudy. The high will be in the low 70s. Please see Page 6A for details.Deaths Paul M. Bulfinch, Fairburn, Ga. Theresa Efron, Atlanta Cloteal Hallman, Monetta Lucius Hightower, Bath G G. Houston, North Augusta James E. Jones, Barnwell Robert W. Leary Jr., Beech Island Joe M. Long, Beaufort Abraham Raiford, Ridge Spring Charles R. Shepherd, North Augusta James A. Williams, Johnston Please see Page 6A for details.Inside Today Bridge.......................  5D Calendar............................................6C Classifieds.........................................3D Dear Abby..........................................4C Local Front........................................9A Obituaries..........................................6A Opinions............................................ID Sports................................................1B Weather.............................................6A Aiken, South Carolina Vol. 122 No. 291 Ethics, Pay Thoughts: 'Exactly The Wrong Thing' By STEVEN KOMAROW Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON — The pay raise and ethics bill Congress sent President Bush early Saturday has less pay and ethics for the Senate than the House — and many senators say their decision to take less of both will haunt them. “We have done exactly the wrong thing,” said Sen. Tim Wirth, D-Colo. “We have failed.” Senate leaders spent Friday imploring their colleagues to accept the plan passed by the House Thursday — to push $89,500 congressional salaries to at least $120,800 in the next 13% months and then bar Clemson 45, Carolina 0 members from padding their income with speeches. “The House of Representatives demonstrated courage,” said Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell, D-Maine. But a majority of senators didn’t buy it. Privately, it was said Mitchell was three votes short. So he and Senate Republican leader Bob Dole of Kansas regrouped and pushed through a compromise to increase senators’ salaries only $8,900 and gradually, over many years, phase out the much-criticized honoraria system. Sen. Alan Simpson, R-Wyo., called it a “safe chicken dance” and predicted a new Senate salary-honoraria fight next year. Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.Va., said the Senate demonstrated “cowardice” and made itself an even more elite institution for the wealthy than it already is. “We have failed the country, we have failed the institution and we have failed its future,” he said. The House, which stayed in session past I a.m. Saturday awaiting Senate action, took about 30 seconds to send the bill to the president who is expected to sign it. The bill gives Bush’s Cabinet-level aides and federal judges the same percentage raises as the House. House and Senate leaders waited until only a few days before the planned adjournment of Congress for the year to push the package through. Compared to a failed attempt at a 51 percent pay hike early this year, their strategy gave opponents little time to mount a campaign against it. But consumer advocate Ralph Nader, a critic of any congressional salary boost, said that when the Senate blinked at the House package, it opened the door for opponents to win repeal later. “The disparity now between the House and the Senate versions will further encourage next year a major repeal drive (Please See ETHICS, Page 8A) i 7* % r tv \ 4 k ' * ii V- / ■mm 'VK J LOOSE TIGERS: Clemson quarterback Chris Morocco hands off to Tony Kennedy in action from last night’s Carolina-Clemson game. It was all Tigers in Staff Photo By Ginny Southworth Columbia’s Williams- Brice stadium. Clemson scored early and often to beat the Gamecocks 45-0. For all the details, please see Page 1B. Backup For Tritium To Take 16 Years From Staff And Wire Reports WASHINGTON — A backup weapons production reactor to produce tritium proposed by the Department of Energy will take at least 16 years to finish, according to a General Accounting Office investigation. DOE asked Congress to fund a heavy-water reactor at the Savannah River Site, which would produce IOO percent of the nation’s tritium. DOE also asked for funding for a modular reactor at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, to provide a backup source for tritium. When DOE announced the plan for the new production reactor, officials said it would take IO years before the reactor could begin producing tritium in a modular high-temperature, gas-cooled reator. The backup reactor would only be capable of producing 50 percent of the tritium needed, since the technology is still in experimental stages. The estimated cost of the Idaho reactor is $3.2 billion, which would be built at the same time as the heavy-water reactor at SRS. According to the GAO study, which was requested by Rep. Vie Fazio, D-Calif., 2005 would be the soonest the backup re actor would produce its first full load of tritium. The study also stated that since the technology for the reactor is new, technical problems may need to be resolved, which could increase the overall schedule. Tritium, which decays at an annual rate of 5.5 percent, must be replenished constantly. The gas is used to enhance the explosive power of nuclear weapons. The gas is vital to the national defense. According to officials the United States would face unilateral disarmament without tritium. Summit Drama DeepensLaid-Back Image Disappearing Fast By TERENCE HUNT AP White House Correspondent WASHINGTON — Next month’s superpower summit, conceived as a casual, get-acquainted session, is being swamped by the upheaval in Eastern Europe and reshaped into a politically charged meeting with an uncertain outcome. While struggling to keep expectations modest, White House officials acknowledge that the dizzying events in East Germany and elsewhere have infused more drama into the meeting between President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev. “We are aware of these expectations,” a senior administration official said. “I think it’s human nature that when an American and Soviet president get together, naturally the world is glued to the television screens.” White House press secretary Marlin Fitzwater said the opening of the Berlin Wail and the surge of East Germans to the West, add “a new sense of urgency and a new dimension” to the talks. Moving beyond the concept of a low-stakes get-together, Bush now says he will use the summit to advance the process of reform and democracy. The Soviets say the meeting could produce a timetable for resolving key issues facing the two superpowers. Along those lines, the United States says the summit will “give a push” to all of the U.S.-Soviet arms negotiations but will not produce actual formulas for reductions. Whereas Bush originally described meeting merely as an opportunity t his feet up and chat with Gorbachev (Please See SUMMIT, Page 8A) S.C. Bar Owners Lobbying For Protection On Fake IDs By The Associated Press COLUMBIA — Bar and restaurant owners are lobbying for a bill that would prevent them from being penalized for serving liquor to minors carrying false identification and toughen penalties for those who use fake IDs. “I love that bill,” said Duncan Mac-Rae, co-owner of Yesterday’s bar and restaurant. Minors now can “waltz in here, use a fake ID, and I could lose my license while they walk away with nothing but a $68 fine.” Bar owners say fake IDs often are difficult to spot, and failing to identify one can be a costly mistake. Last year, one Columbia bar lost its liquor license and a second was fined $14,000 for serving alcohol to minors. State Rep. Candy Waites, D-Columbia, said she and other legislators are planning to file a bill that would make anyone who is legally authorized to sell alcohol immune from the penalties of an unlawful sale “if the purchaser knowingly mis represents his-her age by producing false identification.” The bill also would shift the penalty onto those who uses a fake IDs, requiring that they lose their driver’s licenses for 90 days. The legal drinking age in South Carolina is 21. The Alcoholic Beverage Control Commission, which issues liquor licenses and regulates the sale of alcohol, tries to be fair with bar owners, sanctioning them only if they serve drinks to someone they should have known was underage, said Emerson Coates, the commissions deputy chief of enforcement. The commission holds conferences to teach bar owners how to spot fake IDs. “We do not want to hold any place responsible that is not knowingly violating the law,” he said. “But if they just blatantly accept an ID that we’ve warned them about, they can be held responsible.” Spy Novel May Die Where It Was Born - The Berlin Wall By JOHN LE CARRE Knight-Ridder When the Wall went up I was serving at the British Embassy in Bonn, and flew to Berlin with a colleague to take a look. As we stood at the Wall, he told me to wipe the grin off my face. I wasn’t aware I was grinning and I certainly didn’t find anything to grin about in what I saw, so I expect it was one of those soupy grins of embarrassment that come over people at extremely solemn moments, like funerals, or having lunch with Mrs. Thatcher. The Wall was without doubt the most disgusting symbol of political failure I had seen and, as good luck would have it, I was looking for a book at the time and the Wall gave it to me. Writers are nothing if not opportunists. I had no notion of writing a big bestseller, but I felt angrier than I had felt before about any political event, and anger gave wing to my writing. I wrote in the small hours of the morning, in lunch EDITOR’S NOTE: John leCarre, author of “The Spy Who Came In From the Cold” and, most recently, “Russia House, ” wrote this article for the Boston Globe. hours and in any stolen moment I could grab in the Embassy. The diplomatic cocktail and dinner party round, needless to say, had not flinched in the crisis, so it was jolly evenings as usual. I wrote on the ferry as I crossed each day to Bad Godesberg from my bouse in Konigs-winter. The real writing took no more than about five weeks. After that it was cutting and polishing. The story was entirely imagined. I knew very little about the kind of spying I was describing. I had never been in East Berlin, let alone East Germany. I was certain from what I had seen of our intelligence services that they possessed (Please See SPY, Page 12A) ;

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