Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - May 11, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina
South Aiken Girls Advance
A Quick Read
Westinghouse Pledges $500,000 To College
The Westinghouse Foundation of Westinghouse Electric Corp. has pledged a $500,000 donation for educational improvements at South Carolina State College.
The foundation, an arm of the corporation that funds charitable or philanthropic activities, will contribute the sum over five years as an “institutional enhancement program” for the Orangeburg college.
James S. Moore, president of Westinghouse Savannah River Co., said the donation will be used for faculty and curriculum development, and student scholarships with emphasis on recruitment and retention.
“We think this program will be good for South Carolina State and good for Westinghouse. This cooperative effort underscores and enhances our close ties to South Carolina,” Moore said in a news release.
Westinghouse provides employment for more than 20,000 people at seven locations around the state.
Bumper Sticker Ban Passed By S.C. House
COLUMBIA (AP) - South Carolina’s children are the beneficiaries of a bill outlawing obscene or “indecent” bumper stickers, Rep. Herb Kirsh says.
Motorists whose vehicles display such stickers would face a maximum fine of $200 under a bill approved Wednesday by the House.
Kirsh said he filed the bill last fall after a disturbing experience involving his grandson.
“I had my 6-year-old grandson with me in a car and we pulled up behind a car that had a bumper sticker—I mean it was nasty. The kid is 6 years old and he spelled it out and he wanted to know what it meant. And that just got me.
“I think I’m pretty broad-minded. But I think this is a case where you’ve got to protect children from this kind of stuff,” the Clover Democrat said.
Fair Skies, Sunny
Fair skies are forecast tonight with a low in the mid 40s. Mostly sunny skies are forecast Friday with a high in the mid 70s. Please see details on Page 8B.
James M. Gardner, Camden Mary H. Hiday, Aiken W W. Sanders, Langley Priscilla C. Webster, Aiken Please see details on Page 8B.
Thursday, May ll, 1989
Rollback In Taxes Seen As Unlikely
By The Associated Press
COLUMBIA — The chances of tax rollbacks look slim this year as the state Senate looks for ways to cut $52 million from the proposed 1989-90 state budget, state lawmakers say.
“The best we can hope for in a tax reduction would be a deferral,” Rep. Bob McLellan, D-Seneca said.
McLellan made the prediction after overwhelming opposition and technical problems derailed $52 million in proposed state tax increases in the state Senate Wednesday.
“I think this has pretty much taken the wind out of tax cuts this year,” said Sen. James Waddell, D-Beaufort and chairman of the Senate Finance Committee.
The removal of the tax increases was a defeat for Senate leaders Waddell and John Lindsay, who had said the taxes would pay for critical state needs, and set in motion the tedious process of trimming the $3.4 billion proposed state budget.
By the time they finished after seven hours of work, senators had made only about $160,000 of the $52 million in reductions needed to balance the budget.
“I didn’t want to get into a long struggle (over the tax hike), and I decided that the best move would be to eliminate them and let the Senate make the cuts in there,” Waddell said afterward. “Those are the realities of the situation.”
(Please See ROLLBACK, Page 6A)
Aiken, South Carolina
INJURED CANDIDATE: Guillermo Endara, opposition presidential candidate in Panama, shows stitches in his head after being attacked by armed men Wednesday.
Vol. 122 No. 113
Violence Spreads In Panama
Bush May Send In U.S. Combat Troops
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON — President Bush today was considering sending several thousand U.S. combat troops to protect American dependents in Panama, where rioters attacked opposition candidates and the de facto ruler, Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega, nullified elections.
The president was meeting this morning with his national security advisers, and later scheduled a meeting with congressional leaders. NBC News reported he would tell the lawmakers he had decided to deploy the troops.
Pentagon officials who asked not to be identified told The Associated Press the Defense Department has been told Bush ‘is leaning toward” deployment of 2,000 to 2,500 combat troops to Panama to reinforce the American military presence there. But the sources stressed today that no final decision had been made and that no “execute order” had been received.
“It looks like its going to go that way; sending down some more troops,” the source said. “But there is nothing definite and we’re not saddling up the entire
(Please See VIOLENCE, Page 6A)
Bush Targets Poor, Teens In JcVTraining Overhaul
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON — The government’s major jobs program that Vice President Dan Quayle helped create while a senator would be overhauled under a Bush administration proposal that calls for spending more on the poor and teenagers.
“For years, the government has been distributing money to youth programs in
a fragmented and piecemeal fashion, and sometimes without clear expectations of what these youths should achieve,” Labor Secretary Elizabeth Dole said today.
In testimony prepared for the Senate subcommittee on employment and productivity, Mrs. Dole also called on states to improve their efforts to curb youth unemployment.
Even though the proposed amendments would significantly change the Job Train
ing Partnership Act, Mrs. Dole declined to criticize the program’s creators, Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., and Quayle, an Indiana senator at the time.
“But JTPA can be made even better,” she told the subcommittee, which has jurisdiction over the act. ‘Funds do not always reach the individuals and areas who need help the most. In some communities it is felt that the program does not always result in good jobs and a higher
SRL Work May Shed Fusion Light
Fusion in ’27? ...................Page 2A
By BRAD SWOPE Staff Writer
A new experiment at the Savannah River Laboratory could shed light on the international controversy surrounding fusion energy, but SRL scientists say their goal is to understand their own work better — not to take sides in the debate.
The SRL experimental equipment, now set up and undergoing testing, is similar to that used by the two researchers at the center of the fusion flap — B. Stanley Pons of the University of Utah and Martin Fleischmann of Britain’s University of Southampton.
The two chemists set off a scientific furor with their March 23 announcement that they had produced energy by fusing, or joining, hydrogen atoms at room temperature.
Such a process could one day provide the world with a cheap, virtually inexhaustible energy source.
SRL’s experiment is a response to the controversy, but lab officials say their own interest stems from the fact that Pons’ and Fleischmann’s experiment used two of the same materials — palladium and hydrogen isotopes — that the Savannah River Site uses in its production of nuclear weapons materials.
The lab’s experiment, due to start operating next week, won’t try to prove or disprove Pons’ and Fleischmanns’s claim, nor to duplicate their experiment.
But should the SRL apparatus produce any fusion of its own, the instrumentation will be good enough to detect it, one official said.
“Any time a new phenomenon is reported, we look at it to see how it fits in with our theories and our know-how. And that’s exactly what
Experimental fusion apparatus What is fusion?
This simple reactor, a few inches tall and easily built in an ordinary chemistry lab, uses electromagnetism to squeeze deuterium nuclei close enough together to fuse and release energy, its inventors claim. The opposite charges on the (positive) platinum wire and the (negative) core drive the charged deuterium nuclei toward the core. The lattice structure of the metal palladium, used in the core, confines the attracted nuclei in tiny areas where fusion is said to take place.
Unlike earlier "hot" fusion reactors, this device functions at room temperature and yields more energy than it requires to run. Deuterium is a form of hydrogen commonly found in seawater.
Wires carrying electrical charge from batteries
Platinum wire coil
Glass tube filled with "heavy water" rich in deuterium
In the most basic nuclear fusion reaction, two deuterium nuclei fuse into one helium nucleus and release a vast amount of energy. This is what happens in the sun, and in hydrogen bombs.
But in normal conditions on Earth, the positively-charged nuclei repel each other and cannot get close enough together to fuse.
Deuterium nuclei are driven to core lattice and fused
Most fusion research has focused on pushing deuterium nuclei close together the way the sun does, by heating them to millions of degrees. So far, creating enough heat and pressure has usually consumed more energy than the fusion yields.
Pons and company have done: They’ve reported something new said Dan McIntosh, director of defense waste processing and fuel technology at the lab, located within the site.
“It’s not an attempt to prove or disprove what they’re claiming. It’s just an experiment to help us understand what’s
(Please See SRL, Page 12A)
standard of living.”
The changes aim at ending a practice that has prompted criticism of JTPA and other training programs, the “creaming” of applicants with some marketable skills in order to place them quickly in jobs with little future.
They also would also separate youth-training efforts from the various adult
(Please See BUSH, Page 6a )
Sims: Taped Confession Not Accurate
By STEPHANIE WARNECKE-ADAMS Staff Writer
Mitchell Carlton Sims confessed to the armed robbery of a Hanahan Domino’s Pizza store on a tape presented by the prosecutors during the second day of testimony in Sims’ trial at the Aiken County Judicial Center Wednesday.
Sims, 29, West Columbia, is on trial for one count of armed robbery and two counts of murder in the Dec. 3,1985, robbery and slaying deaths of Christopher LeRoy Zen*, 24, and Gary Dean Melke, 24, employees of the Hanahan Domino’s Pizza store.
The trial, in which the state is seeking the death penalty, was moved to Aiken County because of extensive news coverage in Berkeley County.
Sims made his confession on tape during a conversation with a Glendale, Calif., investigator after his arrest in Las Vegas on Dec. 25,1985.
On the tape, Sims said his pickup truck had just broke down the day before the robbery and he didn’t have the money to pay for the repairs. He said he got drunk because he “didn’t have nowhere to turn to.” He said he then went to the Hanahan Domino’s, where he was employed as a delivery man.
He did not mention the murders on the tape. When the investigator asked about what had happened in the store, Sims replied, “ I don’t know if I should go into all that.”
Sims said he came home after the robbery and “passed out.”
“I don’t remember too much about that night,” he said on the tape.
The next morning, he said on the tape, he got scared after he heard that the p<h lice were looking for him in connection
(Please See SIMS, Page 6A)