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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - March 21, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina Sports Pacer Record Is Now 12-2 Page 9A A Quick Read Tests Failing Unhealthy Kids ANAHEIM, Calif. (AP) - Guidelines spelling out who should get cholesterol tests fail to identify two-thirds of children who really have unhealthy amounts of the fatty substance in their blood, a study suggests. The findings bolster arguments that all youngsters should be tested to determine which face an increased risk of heart disease, said Dr. Dennis Davidson, director of preventive cardiology at the University of California, Irvine. ‘ We found that using the existing guidelines for (cholesterol) screening, we identified only one-third of the children with blood cholesterol already at a level undesirable for adults and certainly undesirable for kids,” Davidson said Monday. Better Toilets Sought By Congress WASHINGTON (AP) - Forcing plumbers to install water-efficient toilets could help avoid serious water shortages nationwide, say two lawmakers whose plan is being fought by the makers of plumbing fixtures. Rep. Chester G. Atkins, D-Mass., and Sen. Wyche Fowler, D-Ga., are pushing legislation that would mandate ational water efficiency standards for fixtures such as faucets, washing machines, dishwashers, shower heads and toilets. ‘‘The amount that is used unnecessarily is staggering, especially in light of the fact that new technology to improve performance of water-saving products is commercially available,” Atkins said in a recent interview. The average American uses more than 18,030 gallons of water a year in the home — about 50 gallons a day, Atkins said. Of that, he added, 40 percent goes down toilets. Earlier this month, Massachusetts became the first state to impose strict toilet efficiency standards. Massachusetts’ standard will save the state about 70 million gallons of water daily by early in the 21st century, Ms. Vickers projected. Weather Spring Showers Today will be cloudy with a IOO percent chance of showers. The high will be in the mid-70s. Tonight will be cooler with a chance of thundershowers. The low will be in the mid-40s. Wednesday will be cloudy and rainy with a high near 50 and a low near 40. Please see details on Page 8A. Deaths Mrs. Elizabeth Allen, Blackville Mrs. Maxie White Bert, Belvedere Mrs. Alzener J Brown, Corona, N Y. Mrs. Lila Strickland Corder, Pelion Emily M. Ellington, Augusta G V. Gunter, Cayce Wyman Hutto, Lexington Robert P. Kurtze, Aiken Martha Floyd Leaphart, Aiken Julia Miller Mims, Edgefield John Myers, Warrenville Henry Walker Jr., Bath Kevin Wright, Warrenville Please see details on Page 8A Inside Today Bridge .    7B Calendar...........................................3B Classifieds 5B Comics .........................................2B Crossword........................................8B Cryptoquote......................................6B Dear Abby.........................................2B Local Front.......................................1B Obituaries.........................................8A Opinions...........................................6A Sports...............................................9 A Television    . 2B Weather............................................BA Page 2A Mere Charges For Starrett 435 NEWBERRY ST. S ML _______-Aiken -    * USCA Gets Chair Endowment Tuesday, March 21, 1989 25C Aiken, South Carolina Vol. 122 No. 69 Price Hikes Not Here Yet By MARTIN CRUTSINGER AP Economics Writer WASHINGTON — Consumer prices, despite a huge jump in gasoline costs, rose a moderate 0.4 percent in February, the government reported today. The boost in the Labor Department’s Consumer Price Index followed a 0.6 percent January increase that had been the largest monthly advance in two years. Despite the moderation in February, consumer prices in the past two months have risen at an annual rate of 6.1 percent, sharply higher than the 4.4 percent increase turned in for both 1987 and 1988. It is this acceleration that has economists worried that inflation, which has been tamed for the past seven years, is starting to get out of control again. ‘‘We are looking at potentially the worst inflationary bout since the late 1970s and early 1980s,” said Allen Sinai, chief economist of the Boston Co. ‘‘It is a policy problem of immense proportions for the Federal Reserve and it will re quire sharply higher interest rates and a potential recession to deal with it.” Those worries have thrown financial markets into turmoil. Stock prices plummeted after last Friday’s report that inflation at the wholesale level shot up by I percent for the second straight month. Investors were tensely awaiting the February consumer price report, which came in slightly better than the 0.5 percent consensus forecast made by many (Please See Price, Page 12A) ‘We are looking at potentially the worst inflationary bout since the late 1970s and early 1980s.’ Allen Sinai, Chief Economist of the Boston Co. The Winter That Wasn’t The amount of snow that selected Northeastern cities received this winter* compared with a typical winter; the percent of total average precipitation received; and the daily average number of degrees (°F) above typical temperature. Typical snowfall Snowfall this winter *Dec. 21, 1988 - March 20, 1989 43" 50" Albany Precip. 41% Temp. 4-2.7 13' Binghamton Precip. 65% Temp. +2.0° Maine Burlington Precip 50% Temp. +2.8° 60" 33] J 45" Scranton I Precip. 60% y Temp. +3.0° 3" f. Precip 39% Temp. +1.3° Va. 'N [New York fT 22* I Precip. 65% _J AH f Temp. +2.8° 9 I I Source: Accu-Weather Reactor Restart Key To Profits AP/T. Dean Caple Snow Joke: Winter Bypassed, But Spring Greeted By Storm By DANA KENNEDY Associated Press Writer BOSTON — Spring arrived with cruel irony for New Englanders as snow began falling after a winter in which it was so scarce it set records in some states and led to drought conditions. In the western Massachusetts town of North Adams, which lies in a valley adjacent to the tallest point in the state, Mount Greylock, the average snowfall is 70 inches. So far this year, according to weather specialists, snowfall is at a record low of 18 inches. “And we’re probably one of the more fortunate places,” said John Hockridge, director of New England Weather Associates. “Most places in western Massachusetts are between 8 and 18 inches.” In the Boston area, 14.8 inches of snow had been recorded by Monday, the fourth lightest snowfall in almost a century, according to weather statistician Robert Lautzenheiser. Snow began falling in central and eastern Massachusetts Monday night, and a winter storm warning was posted early today for New Hampshire and southern and central Maine, according to the National Weather Service. And with a snow season that can extend into mid-April, forecasters cautioned that current record low snowfalls could be boosted. Still, the shortfall has resulted in serious drought conditions in certain areas. Quabbin Reservoir, which provides water for Boston and much of eastern Massachusetts, already is near its lowest level in 16 years. By BRAD SWOPE Staff Writer Westinghouse’s handling of preparations to restart the Savannah River Plant’s nuclear reactors will be the single biggest factor in how much profit the company earns in its first six months as SRP contractor. Safely returning those strategically vital reactors to “productive capability” is the most heavily weighted performance requirement in a Department of Energy rating plan for Westinghouse Savannah River Co., which replaces the Du Pont Co. as plant contractor on April I. The DOE on Monday released that “award fee determination plan,” which could allow the Westinghouse Electric Corp. subsidiary to earn up to 17.5 million iii pei a/I! na nee-based fees for its initial half-year at SRP. DOE officials will evaluate Westinghouse every six months in three major “performance areas.” And of those three, “safety and quality of operations” is the dominant point. It is given a 60 percent “area weight” out of a possible hundred. “Project management and “general management,” the other major areas, each get 20 percent. And within the safety and quality category, one “performance objective” point — “safely return the SR reactors to productive capacity” — gets an “objective weight” of 50 percent. The SRP’s three operable production reactors, the nation’s only source of radioactive tritium gas for nuclear weapons, have been idled for management and equipment upgrades since last summer. Because tritium is vital to nuclear weapons but decays continually, the SRP shutdown has worried defense planners. Other performance points in the safety and quality category, and their weightings: ^ “Non-reactor nuclear facilities meet or exceed commercial nuclear industry standards for operations, training and maintenance.” — 20 percent. ^ “Demonstrate continued improvement in safety, environment, health and quality assurance.” — 20 percent. (Please See REACTOR, Page 12A) DOE Report Says Linear Accelerator Could Be A Backup By LES BLUMENTHAL Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON - The Department of Energy should pursue the possibility of building a linear accelerator to produce tritium for nuclear weapons as a prudent back-up to present plans to build new production reactors, according to a DOE report. Scientists at the Los Alamos (N.M.) and Brookhaven (N.Y.) na tional laboratories said Monday they found the department’s decision to build new reactors at the Savannah River Plant and at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory in Idaho Falls the “lowest technical risk approach to supplying the critical need for tritium. “However, we believe it is prudent that DOE pursue other technologies for tritium production to provide potential alternatives as a contingency for the future,” the report said. “One concept that appears to be particular promising is the accelerator production of tritium.” The report said an accelerator could be completed within eight to nine years on an “aggressive” schedule, compared with a minimum of IO years to finish a new production reactor. The cost of an accelerator would be roughly comparable to a new reactor at $2.3 billion, including $600 million for contingencies. An accelerator could be built at any of the department’s weapons production sites, but the report said the Hanford nuclear reservation in south-central Washington state “offers the potential advantage of low-cost available power and the grid capacity to power an accelerator facility.” Training Ground Health Group Wants To Put Out Cigarettes Staff Photo By Phil Jones A TASTE BEFORE THE FEAST: John (Jack) Parker of Aiken displays a few of his many trains and modules, only a fraction of the wide assortment of railroader’s equipment that will be on display at Timmerman Oldsmobile in Aiken this Saturday. Please see story on Page 1B. By DEBORAH MESCE Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON - A public interest health group today called for a greater national effort to help people quit smoking — including training physicians in smoking cessation methods and requiring Medicare and Medicaid coverage of the therapies. “To date, cigarette addiction has been virtually ignored by health care providers, hospitals, insurers and federal programs, despite its vast destructive capacity,” Public Citizen Health Research Group said in a letter to Health and Human Services Secretary Louis Sullivan. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, who has been in the forefront of the anti-smoking campaign, encouraged Sullivan in a memo about Public Citizen’s effort “to espouse this cause.” Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of premature and prevent able death in the United States. It is responsible for more than 390,000 deaths each year, the group said, citing the Surgeon General’s annual report on smoking. The group estimated that smoking-related diseases cost the nation more than $65 billion each year in health-care expenses and lost productivity. The federal Medicare and Medicaid programs spent $4.2 billion for treatment of smoking-related illnesses in 1985, the group said. However, the group cited a large national survey showing 48 percent of physicians do not regularly advise their smoking patients to quit and another survey showing 87 percent of medical residents had never received formal counseling about effective smoking cessation techniques. The group called on Sullivan, as the nation’s chief health official, “to end this national ‘denial’ of nicotine addiction as a serious health threat.” ;