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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - December 29, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina Sports Tigers Head For Gator Bowl Page 9A A Quick Read Rural Observers Scan Skies RENO, Nev. (AP) — Eighty-year-old Edna Cooley has been waking up at 3 a.m. for nearly 22 years to trudge outside in occasionally bone-chilling cold and record the weather in the sparsely settled high desert of central Nevada. Some 18% hours later, Mrs. Cooley makes the last of her six daily weather observations and temperature checks for National Weather Service records on Austin, population 350, earning $11.10 a day for her troubles. “Why do I keep doing it? They say you can even get used to hanging if you hang long enough,” Mrs. Cooley said. “I’ve been meaning to quit for two years, but can’t find anyone else to do this.” She is among the last of a breed of hands-on recorders of the nation’s highs, lows and precipitation amounts. Without the observers, meteorologists and forecasters would have a more difficult time predicting the weather. “There’s a need for live observation,” said Gerald Miles, a meterolo-gist in Elko who supervises the weather watchers. “Equipment is reliable, but you need good remarks from observers to go with it. Equipment has its limitations.” Bill Davis, the Salt Lake City-based western regional director of the observation program, said about 50 weather watchers are on the National Weather Service payroll in his jurisdication. Several hundred others, mostly farmers, voluntarily report climate information to the agency to help keep a historical weather record. Industry: More Sports On TV Than Ever WASHINGTON (AP) - The cable television industry is firing back at critics who claim sports on “free television” are becoming extinct, saying there is more sports programming on TV than ever. Total broadcast network sports programming rose to a record 1,753 hours in 1988, an Olympics year, according to a study released Thursday by the National Cable Television Association. Weather Chance Of Rain Tonight will be cloudy with a 40 percent chance of rain. The low will be in the low to mid 40s. Tomorrow will be mostly cloudy. There is a 20 percent chance of rain. The high will be in the mid 60s to low 70s. Please see Page 8A for details. Deaths Allison M. Adams, Union Mrs. C.R. Arrington, Augusta Ethel Bennings, Augusta Thomas L. Daniel Jr., Jackson Pamela Sue Hayes, North Augusta Sophia C. Hutto, Barnwell Herman Ivey, Augusta James Moore, Augusta Dr. William H. Moretz, Augusta Nicholas E. Morris, Myrtle Beach Horace Steed Jr., Blackville William M. Vickers, Aiken Wessie S. White, McCormick Please see Page 8A for details.Inside Today Bridge...............................................7B Calendar............................................6C Classifieds.........................................4B Comics..............................................2C Crossword.........................................9B Cryptoquote.......................................6B Dear Abby..........................................2C Local Front........................................1B Obituaries..........................................6A Opinions............................................1C Sports................................................9A Television..........................................2C Weather.............................................6A Page 2A > AIKEN COUNTY “I NEWBE AIKEN, G. C I 435 NEWBERG $ Page IB Critics Pleased With DOE Decision Friday, December 29, 1989 Aiken, South Carolina Vol. 122 No. 331 Vatican Urging Noriega To Leave Refuge By The Associated Press VATICAN CITY — The Vatican is urging Panamanian strongman Manuel Antonio Noriega to leave his refuge at its embassy in Panama City, a Holy See spokesman said today. “The nuncio is doing his best to convince Gen. Noriega to abandon the nunciature on his own, by himself,” spokesman Joaquin Navarro said. “At the same time he cannot force Noriega to leave nor can he consign him to U.S forces.” It was the first time the Vatican said publicly it was trying to persuade Noriega to leave. However, Navarro said the possibility had been discussed with Noriega since he took refuge at the mission on Sunday. Navarro also said the Vatican still has not received a formal request from the new Panamanian government to turn over Noriega. The United States has demanded that the Vatican order the ousted leader expelled from the papal nunciature, or embassy, so it can try him on charges of international drug trafficking charges. In what has appeared to be a standoff, the Vatican has insisted that the embassy can not legally turn the general over to U.S. forces since, under accepted international procedures, an embassy is only empowered to deal with the government of the host country. U.S. forces have staked out the mis sion, frisked the papal nuncio, or ambassador, when he has left the compound, and have been blasting rock music from a loudspeaker in the street in an effort to put pressure on Noriega. Navarro denounced U.S. “interference” in the embassy’s autonomy. An occupying power cannot interfere with the works of a diplomatic mission nor can it demand that a person seeking asylum in that mission be handed over to it,” Navarro said. Havel Elected Czech President AP Laserphoto RETURN TO POWER: Alexander Dubcek, leader of the “Prague Spring” reform two decades ago, raises his hand to vote in Prague Thursday. He returned to power as speaker of Czechoslovakia’s parliament. Revolution Crowned With Non-Communist By The Associated Press PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia — Parliament today crowned the nation’s peaceful revolution by electing playwright and opposition leader Vaclav Havel as Czechoslovakia’s first non-Communist president in 41 years. The Communist-dominated parliament, or Federal Assembly, unanimously chose Havel in an unprecedented public vote televised nationwide. The lawmakers, meeting in a medieval hall at Hrradcany Castle, was opened by Alexander Dubcek, champion of the “Prague Spring” reforms crushed in 1968. He was returned to power Thursday when parliament elected him chairman of the body. Dubcek and Havel are to serve until free legislative elections are held next year. Havel, who spent a total of five years in jail for challenging totalitarianism in his writings and actions, was praised by Communist Prime Minister Marian Calfa as “a man who is faithful to his beliefs despite persecution.” “He never accepted offers from his friends or recommendations by his enemies to emigrate where the conditions of his life would have been more comfortable,” Calfa told the deputies in his nominating speech. In a moment unimaginable only a few weeks ago, Havel walked with Dubcek up the red carpeted aisle of the castle hall to the flourish of a military band, the applause of Communist deputies and the flashes of camera bulbs. He signed the oath of office under the draped red, white and blue flag of Czechoslovakia. As the band played the national anthem, the sounds of 20 cannon salvos could be heard throughout the city. Within the next few months, parliament is expected to pass new laws guaranteeing freedom of expression and religion and the right of assembly and petition. Reforms already are being carried out for a free-market economy. The election of the 53-year-old Havel, whose writings once were banned in his own country, is the crowning achievement of the popular revolt fiat began only 41 days ago. Havel helped form the opposition group Civic Forum on Nov. 20, three days after a police crackdown on a peaceful student (See HAVEL, Page 7A) Decade Saw Advances In Medicine By NINA J. NIDIFFER Staff Writer Medical technology advanced rapidly in the 1980s, improving diagnostic tools and treatments, according to Aiken physicians. Dr. Margaret Fitch, dermatologist, said the most dramatic advancement in dermatology in this decade was the beginning of an acne treatment called Accutane. This medication, taken in pill form, is a blessing for people suffering from severe acne, she said. “It affects the oil glands — it’s not a cure but it’s the closest thing yet,” she said. “It’s been able to help a great deal with kids’ self-esteem problems. They completely change their personalities by the end of the treatment because they feel good about themselves.” Orthopedics saw the development of DECADE • IN • REVIEW • Additional Decade Stories... ...Page 3A-6A several techniques that made surgery easier, said Dr. James J. Hill Jr., an orthopedic surgeon with Carolina Orthopedics. The two most important were arthroscopic surgery and microsurgery. Both techniques were developed in the late 1970s, but were not perfected or in common use until the 1980s, he said. Arthroscopic surgery uses a tiny telescope, television camera and a series of small instruments to look into and operate on joints. The miniature instruments can be inserted through three tiny holes in a knee, (See DECADE, Page 7A) Indicators Up Slightly Last Month By The Associated Press WASHINGTON - The government’s main forecasting gauge of economic activity edged up a modest 0.1 percent last month, the Commerce Department said today in a report that analysts took as a sign the economy will slow in 1990 but not topple into a recession. The small rise in the department’s Index of Leading Economic Indicators for November followed a revised 0.3 percent decline in October. In all, the index, which is designed to forecast economic activity six to nine months in the future, has exhibited a sawtooth pattern this year, rising in six of the past ll months and falling in the other five months. Through November, the index was down by 0.3 percent for the year, compared with an increase of 3.9 percent for all of 1988. To economists, this provided evidence that economic activity in 1990 will be more sluggish than in 1989. Many analysts are predicting that the economy, as measured by the gross national product, will expand at a modest annual rate of 2 percent or less in 1990, compared with expected growth of 3 percent this year. However, analysts generally expect the economy will be able to escape a recession. That belief based in part on the fact that the leading index has not yet declined for three consecutive months, the traditional — though not infallible — sign of a downturn. The 0.1 percent rise in November, which was right in line with expectations, was led by a strong jump in orders for consumer goods. The other four indicators providing strength were a drop in weekly unemployment claims, an increase in plant and equipment orders, a rise in the money supply and an increase in the backlog of manufacturers’ unfilled orders. Six other indicators acted as a drag on the index last month, with the biggest negative coming from a drop in the price of raw materials. While such a decrease is considered good news for inflation prospects, it is counted as a negative in the index because it also can reflect declining demand. Romanian Government Assumes Sweeping Powers By The Associated Press BUCHAREST, Romania — Romania’s revolutionary government assumed sweeping powers, changed the country’s name and ordered the Communist emblem removed from the national flag, the state news agency reported today. The actions Thursday came as die-hard supporters of executed dictator Nicolae Ceausescu ignored the week-old government’s ultimatum to surrender or die and staged more firefights in the capital. Also Thursday, authorities arrested more members of the Ceausescu family and one of his brothers was found hanged in Vienna in an apparent suicide. The new government, known as the Na tional Salvation Committee, took power last Friday in a popular uprising backed by the army, and promised free elections next year. On Thursday it reorganized its governing council as a leadership body headed by a president, who at present is Ion Iliescu. It consists of 145 members who will elect an 11-member Executive Bureau that will take over the council’s functions between sessions, the news agency Agerpres said. The governing council will appoint the prime minister, the head of the supreme court, the country’s chief prosecutor and top military ranks. It also will establish an election system, appoint a committee to write a new constitution and endorse the government budget, Agerpres said. It was not clear how long the National Salvation Committee’s governing council will retain complete control over national affairs. The council changed the country’s name from Socialist Republic of Romania to Romania and said the form of government was a republic. It also removed from the national flag the center emblem representing Communist rule, *.0erpres said. For the past week, Romanians have waved the blue, yellow and red flag with the emblem ripped out. The new leadership published details of its program “for the building of a really democratic society in Romania and for securing and defending fundamental human and civil rights,” Agerpres reported. It calls for abolishing the leading role of a single party, free elections in April and the separation of the legislative, executive and judiciary state powers. The program also says the economy should be restructured for profitability and efficiency, Agerpres said. The new leaders called for “small-scale peasant production.” The revolutionary government had given members of Ceausescu’s despised security police until Thursday to surrender or face execution. But it was unknown (See CEAUSESCU, Page 7A) ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Aiken Standard