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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - August 24, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina mm Mm    pubuc UBm mummrn Foodtball Edition In Standard Today The annual football edition is included in today’s Aiken Standard. I ne football edition features previews, rosters and schedules of IO high schools in the Aiken area as well as in-depth looks at the state’s two largest football programs — Clemson and USC. For all the details, see today’s special supplement.AQuick ReadCystic Fibrosis Gene Discovery Suspected TORONTO (AP) — A team of scientists from the United States and Canada believe they have discovered the fatal gene defect that causes cystic fibrosis. The team of molecular biologists scheduled news conferences today in Toronto and Washington to report on the discovery, details of which are to be published in the scientific journal Science next month. ‘‘This is one of the most significant discoveries in the history of human genetics,” Dr. Ronald Worton, chief geneticist at Toronto’s Hospital for Sick Children’s said and skin to produce too much mucous and retain an excess of sodium ions. Treatment includes a variety of medications and more recently, double lung transplants, although eventually a new lung will become irreparably damaged also. Lap-Chee Tsui at Sick Children’s heads the team with the collaboration of Francis Collins of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. He stresses that finding the defective gene isn’t a cure. ‘‘First we need to have the actual gene,” Tsui said. ‘‘Then we have to find out what the gene does, or does not do, that causes the disease.” Genes are units of DNA, the molecule of heredity. Before the chemical structure of a gene is identified, it must be located on one of the 46 chromosomes found in every human cell.Credit Card For Kids Is 'Wrong Message' SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - A bank for children thinks a credit card is just what its kiddie customers want, bu*, one opponent says teacliing a new generation how to borrow is the last thing this debt-plagued country needs. ‘‘We think it teaches absolutely the wrong message,” said Loren Dunton, president of the National Center for Financial Education, a non-profit group that seeks to promote financial responsibility. ‘‘Our message is to save now so you can buy later, and they’re promoting the philosophy of buy now and pay later.” The San Diego-based center plans to use its branches in 50 states to ask parents and teachers to oppose a plan by the Young Americans Bank to provide credit cards to children ages 12 and older. “It offers the temptatation to spend that even much older people too often can’t resist,” Dunton said in an interview in San Francisco Wednesday. But the Denver-based bank, whose customers are all young people, said it is trying to teach the proper use of credit as part of personal finance.WeatherPartly Cloudy Tonight Partly cloudy skies are forecast tonight with a 20 percent chance of thunderstorms. The low will be in the mid 70s. Variable cloudiness is forecast Friday with a 30 percent chance of thunderstorms. The high will in the mid 90s. Please see details on Page 15A.Deaths Mattie H. Coleman, Brooklyn, N Y James L. Hall, Orange Park, Fla. Doris H. Snipes, Aiken Bettie J. Stearns, Aiken Please see details on Page 10A.Inside Today Bridge  .....  6B Calendar.........................................16A Classifieds........................................4B Comics ;.............................  3B Crossword........................................7B Cryptoquote.............................. 5B Dear Abby.........................................3B Local Front.......................................1B Obituaries.    ..................... 10A Opinions   4A Sports;,,..........................................11A Television...............  3B Weather..........................................15A Page 2A Page 16 Pickens-Salley House To Be Moved I &ilcw SLtnOarb Thursday, August 24, 1989 Aiken, South Carolina Vol. 122 No. 204 Founder Of Cocaine Empire CapturedU.S. Offers Funds To Protect Judges By The Associated Press BOGOTA, Colombia — A founder of Colombia’s billion-dollar cocaine industry was arrested on the Caribbean coast, and the government remained steadfast in its promise to extradite drug suspects to the United States. Meanwhile U.S. Attorney General Dick Thornburgh announced Wednesday a $2 million program designed to help protect Colombian judges and others threatened by hitmen hired by the drug cartels. Colombian police have blamed traffickers for the assassinations last week of a judge, a national police colonel and Sen. Luis Carlos Galan, an outspoken foe of cocaine lords who was the nation’s leading presidential hopeful. Police since have begun a nationwide crackdown on the traffickers, arresting suspects and seizing their property. They said they arrested Bernardo Lon-dono Quintero in a raid Wednesday on a daughter’s apartment in an upper-class neighborhood in the Caribbean city of Barranquilla. Quintero, 60, nicknamed “The Diplomat” for his smooth manner, has long been considered a pioneer of Colombia’s narcotics business, which began expanding in the late 1960s. Law enforcement officials say he managed to retain some of his power when new, violent organizations began muscling into the business in the mid-1970s. Quintero offered no resistence during his arrest, but a 38-caliber Smith and Wesson revolver was seized in the raid, police said. He told local reporters in Barranquilla that he used to have “legal problems” but had resolved them with the Justice Ministry more than a year ago. He denied any role in drug trafficking. An extradition request from the United States, dating to the mid-1980s, is believed to have been filed with Colombian authorities. AUS. Embassy spokesman said he could not comment. The drug lords who run today’s cocaine industry remained at large Wednesday. (Please See FOUNDER, Page 10A) Discovered 1846. Distance from Earth: 2.7 billion miles. ■ Diameter: about 30,000 miles. ■ Day: about 18 hours. ■ Year 164 Earth years. VOYAGER’S FLIGHT PATH 12:00 a.m. EDT, Aug. 25: Passes 3,000 milos above Neptune s north polo at more than 17 miles per second Disappears behind Neptune tor 49 minutes 5:14 a.m.: Passes 25.000 milos above Neptune's largest moon, Triton Voyager’s signals tor each event take tour hours and set minutes to roach Earth All events arc indicated here In Eastern Daylight time as tony occur at Neptune a After encounter Voyager will loave the solar system and will not come within one light year of any known star in the next 958,000 years Source* Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Sky and Telescope magazine; The Enc,eloped* of US Spacecraft. Final Frontier rnaga. AprKarl Tat* All-Night Vigil Planned To Tap Neptune Secrets By The Associated Press PASADENA, Calif. — Voyager 2 began its final approach to Neptune today, showing the planet’s strange moon Triton to be a bright pink, red and blue marble ringed by what could be a snow-covered glacier of frozen natural gas, scientists say. At 9 a.m. PDT today Voyager was expected to be 472,056 miles from Neptune, caught in the grip of Neptune’s powerful gravity and falling toward the fourth largest planet at a speed of 38,599 mph. At 8:56 p.m. PDT Voyager will pass 3,042 miles from Neptune’s cloud tops, closer than it has come to any other celestial object on its 4.4 billion-mile journey from Earth. Researchers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory planned an all-night vigil as the most detailed images begin coming back from the spacecraft early Friday morning. It takes 4 hours and six minutes for radio signals from the spacecraft to reach Earth. Two days of tracking the spacecraft showed that a difficult course correction Monday had put Voyager “smack dab in the middle” of the path navigators wanted it to follow, said Norman Haynes, Voyager project manager. The spacecraft, launched in 1977, will reach a speed of 61,148 mph as it sweeps around Neptune headed for a pass 23,888 miles from Triton at 2:14 a.m. PDT Friday. Triton’s equator is encircled with what appears to be a slightly blue band of fresh snow or frost, probably made of frozen natural gas, or methane, said Robert Brown of the Voyager imaging team. “If you were standing there you’d see crystals of frost growing much as you see frost growing on a window in the winter time,” Brown said in an interview. (Please See ALL-NIGHT, Page 10A) SRS-Produced Plutonium Fuels Voyager On Historic Space Trip By BUDDY WALLER Staff Writer As Voyager 2 transmits close-up pictures of Neptune this week, it does so with the aid of the Savannah River Site. Plutonium-238 produced at SRS provides power for Voyager 2, which was launched on its multibillion-mile trip through the solar system in 1977. The spacecraft’s power comes from nuclear batteries called thermoelectric generators. Each generator consists of a heat source and a converter. The heat source contains fuel in the form of plutonium dioxide. Plutonium-238 has a long half-life (almost 98 years) and low shielding requirements. During its decay, plutonium-238 emits mostly helium particles, or alpha radiation, which usually requires no shielding. The converter transforms heat produced by the fuel into electric energy. Missions such as Voyager’s cannot use solar power because at such extreme distances from the sun, the solar energy is too weak. Neptune is about 2.8 billion miles from the sun. The spacecraft’s three generators are each 23 inches long and 15.7 inches wide. They each weigh 83 pounds and contain 6 kilograms of plutonium-238. Even traveling at the speed of light, it will take Voyager’s photos of Neptune four hours and six minutes to reach Earth. After the rendezvous with Neptune, Voyager 2 will fly to the edge of the solar system and then continue into interstellar space for eternity. Rose Barred From Baseball For LifeTerms Allow Appeal For Reinstatement By The Associated Press NEW YORK — Pete Rose was barred for life from baseball today for gambling on games but the Cincinnati Reds manager may apply for reinstatement after one year. “In the absence of a hearing and in absence of evidence to the contrary ... yes, I have concluded that he bet on baseball,” Commisioner A. Bartlett Giamatti >aid today at a nows confer * nee announcing the suspension. Asked directly , if he concluded that Rose bet on the Reds, Giamatti said, “Yes.” The agreement announced in a statement from the commissioner’s office said that Rose “neither denies nor admits that he bet on any major league baseball game” but the game’s all-time hit leader “acknowledges that the commissioner has a factual basis to impose the penalty provided.” “The banishment for life of Pete Rose from baseball is the sad end of a sorry episode,” Giamatti said in the statement. “One of the game’s greatest players has engaged in a variety of acts which have stained the game and he must now live with the consequences of those acts.” “There had no been such grave allegations since the time of Landis,” the statement said in a reference to Kenesaw Mountain I,andis, the commissioner who Rose Accepts...........................Page 11A suspended for life the players involved in the Black Sox scandal after the 1919 World Series. The suspenison came in a five-page agreement signed Wednesday by Rose and Giamatti. There was no mention in the agreement that Rose would undergo counselling for gambling and there was no mention of whether the suspension would keep Rose from getting into the baseball Hall of Fame. Rose agreed to a stipulation dismissing his lawsuit against Giamatti in federal court in Ohio. Section 21 (d) of the Major League Rules specifies the penalties for gambling on baseball. It reads, in part: “Any player, umpire, or club or league official O BANISHED: Baseball superstar Pete Rose admits there’s basis for banishment or employee who shall bet any sum whatsoever upon any baseball game in connection which the better has a duty to perform, shall be declared permanently ineligible.” Rose was accused of violating that rule in a 225-page report submitted to Giamatti on May 9 by John M. Dowd, the commissioner’s special investigator. Rose was summoned to New York by then-Commissioner Peter Ueberroth on Feb. 20. During the meeting, which Giamatti attended in his role as president of the National League, Rose denied having bet on baseball. But three days later, baseball hired Dowd and began the investigation, which cost about $1 million to complete. The Reds manager steadfastly denied the allegations. But each day brought new charges. The one that potentially is most serious involved an alleged scheme to defraud the U.S. government. Former associate Paul G. Janszen said Rose had Thomas P. Gioiosa, an associate of the manager, claim the winnings from a $47,646 parimutuel ticket at a horse-racing track in 1987, and that Gioiosa gave the money back to Rose. Public Wants Revolution In Nation's School System By The Associated Press WASHINGTON — Americans want “tradition-shattering changes” in schools — including flexible hours, more parental control and a national curriculum — and most are willing to pay higher taxes for them, a poll shows today. Americans rate the quality of public schools poorly, with only 8 percent giving an “A,” 35 percent a “B” and 33 percent a “C,” according to the 21st annual Gallup Poll released by Phi Delta Kappa International, a professional education fraternity. ‘‘The public is ready for tradition-shattering changes in the policies that govern U.S. public schools,” said the poll, based on in-home interviews conducted in early May and early June. Key findings of the survey were: ^ 60 percent favored allowing pupils and their parents to choose which public schools in their communities the youngsters will attend — popularly known as “parental choice.” Thirty-one percent were opposed and 9 percent were undecided. ^ 75 percent favored reducing class size in the early grades to as few as 15 pupils, while 18 percent were opposed. But by a 68 percent to 25 percent margin, those questioned said they would pay higher taxes for the extra expense. (Please See PUBLIC, Page 10A) L ;