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Aiken Standard (Newspaper) - April 28, 1989, Aiken, South Carolina Atlanta Wins NBA Opener Page 7AA Quick Read30 Persons Sign Up For Public Hearing Thirty persons were signed up this morning to speak at. a DOE public hearing on the Savannah River Site. The hearing, held at the H. Odell Weeks Recreation Center, was one of a series held on the pending Environmental Impact Statement on the restart of the SRS reactors. Included in the list as of 9:20 were representatives of the Friends of SRS, the Greater Aiken and North Augusta chambers of commerce, the Economic Development Partemer-ship, and Greenpeace USA. Mayor H. Odell Weeks headed the list, followed by a representative of Governor Carroll A. Campbell and a list of prominent citizens, city government workers and businessmen. The SRP’s reactors were shut down for safety reasons in 1988.Implants Supported For Birth Control WASHINGTON (AP) - An expert advisory panel recommends federal approval of birth control implants that work up to five years, but a final decision by Food and Drug Commissioner Frank Young may take months. Among the issues the agency still must review are the effectiveness of the implants in heavier women and how long the contraceptive protection lasts, FDA spokesman Jeff Nes-bit said Thursday. Nesbit said the 11-member Fertility and Maternal Health Drugs Advisory Committee of the FDA unanimously approved the implant, called Norplant, because it is at least as safe and effective as any other contraceptive on the market The six slow-release silicone capsules, each about the size of a match stick, are implanted under a local anesthetic in a woman’s upper arm.WeatherPartly Cloudy Partly cloudy skies are forecast tonight with a 20 percent chance of thunderstorms and a low in the 60s. Mostly cloudy skies are forecast Saturday with a 40 percent chance of a thunderstorm. The high will be in the 80s. Please see details on Page 6A.Deaths Mrs. Jeff Bright, Trenton Margaret R. Daily, Aiken Anna M. Davis, Graniteville Michelle L. Evans, Langley Maude G. Ford, West Columbia Please see details on Page 6A.Inside Today Bridge..............................................6C Calendar  ...........................2C Classifieds........................................3C Comics.....................................  4B Crossword........................................7C Cryptoquote......................................5C Dear Abby .........   4B Local Front ....;.......................1B Obituaries....................    6A Opinions.,,,.,..............    1C Sports    ...... .ti...    .:  ..............7    A Television.........................................4B Weather  ...............................6A Page 2A In.A. Planners Reject Daycare Center Eileen blanda rh Friday, April 28, 1989 Aiken, South Carolina Vol. 122 No. 102 Aiken, Edgefield Air Funds, Goals By CARL LANGLEY Staff Writer JOHNSTON — A fiscal 1989-90 budget of $189,825, described as a “preliminary proposal only,” was outlined Thursday at a meeting of the board of directors of the Economic Development Partnership of Aiken and Edgefield counties. Executive Director J. David Jameson told about a dozen directors at the late afternoon session that proposed spending for the economic promotions office will be balanced with anticipated revenues. EDP Chairman Tommy B. Wessinger reminded the directors that the figures represented “a preliminary proposal only” and the spending program would not be authorized until a July meeting. In addition to the budget, Jameson also gave the directors a proposed work program for the upcoming fiscal year that will have the office seek capital intensive businesses, foreign investments and focus on technology bases. Jameson said moving into these areas will require staff development, formation of a Technical Advisory Committee and increased ties with the State Development Board. The budget anticipates that the Aiken County Council will approve funding of $100,825 for the agency, while the Edgefield County Council will contribute another $35,000. The remainder of revenues will be made up of $43,000 in private funding, $4,800 in contracted services, in-kind allowances of $1,200 and a fund balance of $5,000 from the current fiscal year. The major expenditure is personnel cost of $104,150, with the money going for salaries, retirement payments, health insurance and payroll taxes. (Please See AIKEN, Page HA) -1:2> Staff Photo By Scott Webster OLD COMPANY STORE: In the early years of the textile salt pork and other necessities at the company store, such mills, workers often were paid in company-minted money as the one shown here. to be used to buy corn meal, lard, grits, flour, dried beans, Lower Valley Once Boozing, Brawling; Now Thriving, Seeking Roots By CARL LANGLEY Staff Writer LANGLEY — After returning in 1866 from a textile machinery buying trip in England, William Gregg, founder of the Graniteville Co. and its namesake community, was aghast at discovering what had happened in his absence. The tee-totaling Gregg, who had made Graniteville an island of temperance when he built the town in the late 1840s, found what he described as “complete moral decay.” Given temporary respite from Gregg’s watchful eye and fearsome guardianship, those with a thirst for alcoholic spirits had built not one but four illegal whiskey distilleries within the shadows of the huge Graniteville mill and on the outskirts of its little village. “On my return I found four stills in operation near Graniteville — one within three-quarters of a mile of the place — and the products of stills were brought to this place from many miles off,” said the incensed Gregg. “The firing of pistols and guns and drunken rows were common occurrences in our streets, fences were being torn down and gates unhinged.” While Gregg set about the task of righting the wrongs he found at home, in the lower end of Horse Creek Valley — in the woody clefts of hills and hollows — brewing of spirits was more than a pastime or hobby. For some, making whiskey was a full-fledged business, and the sounds of gunfire weren’t unusual. In a backwoods environment without a dominant authority like Gregg to preach moral order and virtually free from the written rules of law, Horse Creek Valley’s lower reaches were an untamed wilderness in the years before the Civil War. James F. Byrnes — governor, Supreme Court justice, Secretary of State and a member of both houses of Congress — mentioned the casual attitudes toward drinking and fighting after he began serving as solicitor of the Aiken judicial circuit in 1908. Byrnes, a cautious, temperate man not prone to overstatement, called the Valley and other environs around Aiken the “shootingest, fightingest, drinkingest and gamecockingest circuit in the entire state.” He observed that mischief was the rule rather than the exception, and the rowdiness had been going on for a hundred years. After taking office, Byrnes informed more than one person that he was going to change things by using a prosecutorial (Please See LOWER, Page 10A) Editor’s Note: The name Horse Creek Valley means different things to many people, but to those who live there it is a story of the human spirit, of winning over sometimes insurmountable odds. This is the third of a series on the Valley, its history, its people, its growth and its future. The series will conclude Sunday. SRS To Be Cleanup 'Symbol' Restart Day Promised In Midsummer Report By KATHY KADANE States News Service WASHINGTON — Saying that successfully restarting the Savannah River nuclear weapons plant will be the “symbol” of his early months as energy chief, Adm. James D. Watkins announced Thursday he intends work at the Aiken facility to be an example of how the entire nuclear weapons complex can be reformed. “The Savannah River situation is where I plan to apply every principle I will use in cleaning up the whole system,” he said. In his first meeting with reporters since he took office, Watkins also announced he would postpone restarting the plant until “sometime in 1990.” He said more time is needed to assess the condition of the plant, retrain plant operators and make other changes.But he also said he would not postpone restarting the plant beyond that date, and said he expected it would be a “real race” to finish the work needed to prepare for restart. The exact date for restart of the plant will be set in July, after members of an outside review group had fully assessed the plant’s condition, Watkins said. Last month, he appointed a team of 15 nationally prominent nuclear experts to advise him on plans for restarting the reactor, and on other problems in the weapons complex. The group is reviewing a restart plan devised by DOE officials and by Westinghouse Electric Co., the plant contractor, and is also engaged in other research, including an updated estimate of the amount of the nation’s tritium reserves, according to sources familiar with their work. Watkins told reporters he would present President Bush with a “package of options” for reform of the weapons complex by midsummer, which would include a restart date for the plant. Repeating statements made to lawmakers last month in Capitol Hill testimony, he said a central part of the strategy at Savannah River would be to retrain plant operators and impose greater discipline on DOE officials who oversee the management of the plant. “I will establish new line management from the top of EMDE down to the plant so that it is comparable to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s regional offices,” he said. (Please See SRS, Page HA) 'Resurgence' In Planet Flight Predicted With Atlantis Liftoff By The Associated Press CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Space shuttle Atlantis was readied today for launch, carrying a robot craft toward a voyage to Venus, the cloud-shrouded planet that has been an abiding mystery to scientists. Lennard Fisk, NASA’s chief scientist, said the launch of the explorer craft Magellan will mark “a resurgence of America’s planetary program. ” The last American probe sent to deep space was dispatched in 1978. Atlantis was scheduled to lift off at 2:24 p.m. EDT with five astronauts aboard, heading to orbit on a four-day mission 184 miles above Earth. Launch pad workers completed fueling early this morning and prepared to awaken the five crew members. After breakfast, the astronauts were to don their bright orange launch suits and be driven to the spacecraft. Magellan is to be released from Atlantis’ cargo bay six hours after launch and sent streaking on a 15-month, 806 million-mile unmanned trip of its own. Mission specialists Mary Cleave and Mark Lee will operate remote controls that propel Magellan from the shuttle’s (Please See RESURGENCE, Page HA) S.C. Senate Now Decides Fate Of Proposed Local Option Sales Tax By The Associated Press COLUMBIA — Supporters of a local option sales tax are looking for support from the state Senate now that the House has given the proposal its approval. The local option sales tax bill, approved Thursday by the House 73-29, will allow voters in each of the state’s 46 counties to decide whether they want to lower property taxes by increasing the local sales tax I percent, or a penny on the dollar. The bill must still pass the Senate and receive Gov. Carroll Campbell’s signature before becoming law. Speaker of the House Bob Sheheen says Senate leaders have indicated their support for similar measures. Campbell has endorsed a local option sales tax as long as it is tied to a sizeable rollback in property taxes, but has not taken a specific position on the House-passed bill. “I think its a big step forward for local governments in South Carolina,” said Sheheen, chief sponsor of the bill. “I think its important that we recognize the daily pressures on local governments to deliver services.” Property taxes are currently the main source of revenue for local (Please See S.C. SENATE, Page UA) ;