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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 18, 1915, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FIVE THE BRIDGE 1) A I I, Y HERALD SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 18. 191 EXPERIMENTS IN LAMB FEEDING AT LETHBRIDGE EXPERIMENTAL FARM Farmer Evans Again Discusses the Weed of the U. F. A. Discusses the Farmers' Financial Problems--Opportunity for the Poultry Breeders ON LAMB FEEDING AT THE LETHBRIDGE EXPERIMENTAL STATION (An ttxcript from tlie Lethbrldgo Ex- perimental t'arm 19H Keporl) results of the winter feeding of jambs lit the LethbridRC station is of more particular iuterost to alfalfa growers in tliat district, where at the present time a surplus of alfalfa hay Is behiK and the question of disposing of this on tiie farm is be- coming more and more important each eenson, owing to the fact tliat :IB yet very iittlo breeding stock is kept by these farmers. As conditions existed last fall with Brain so very high, and a strong de- mand for hay, it seemed rather uncer- tain to the average fanner on irri- gated land, whether it would iie safe to buy lambs at the price asked, for feeding, and the con sequence was tliat were fed. The results ob- tained, however, from the feed ins tost just completed at the station are most satisfactory. following statement shows that the average profit per head realized was over one dollar: Group 1 Group U Cost of UHO lambs Cost of 297.55 Cost of labor estimat- 48.75 43.75 Interest on investment 22.14 22.14 Total..... Selling price Xet profit 1509.93 1584.92 Explanation of Experiment During November last, 480 bead of vet her lambs were purchaser? from JIaymond Knighl of Raymond for ex- perimental feeding purposes. A pre- mium was paid' for the tons when Iniying at per head, which brought the cost of the lambs to lift cents nor Ib. These were run on the stubble on the farm for about a month, and were then divide'! into two Gfiual jiiul .fed alfalfa and'al- .JiUfa supplemented with oat sheaves, respectively. Both lots received the tsamc quantity of grain. They were flid thus for SO 'days, and were then sold to, .Mr. A. J. Bender of the Van- couver and Prince Rupert Meat aL 8 cents per Ib.. less of 1 per cent. fur insurance. A cut of ten head from each group was allowed! In this experiment the alfalfa was .valued at 58.00 -per ton in 'the stack, and the oat sheaves at J10.00 per ton. The cost of the salt given is also in- cluded. The grain, which consisted of equal parts of oats and barley, fed whole, vfRR charged at cents per which is quite in keeping-with tho market price at Ilio present, time. was written in the spring of 19.15- The present price for grain could more reasonably be put at l cent to 1'4 cent per The actual cost of labor In- experi- mental work'is considerably higher than is in the case of the average fanner, owing to the fact that small- er lots are led. and.the dally feeds vf- to be accurately weighed and recorded. The labor in connection willi the experiment is, therefore, computed on the following basis: That one mail could look after and feed 1000 head of lambs (he would need the use of a team and wagon a good deal of the allowing then ?50.00 per month for the man, it would cost to loolt after 500 head for three and a half months. In- terest on the amount invested for three and it months at 8 per cent, is allowed. The results of the experiment are only further proof of the greater pro- fit in marketing crops "on the hoof" rather than in the ordinary other safe guess in favor of alfalfa. The Two Groups To determine the va'iue of having: a diversity of feed, group was given quarter of oats roughage, in the form of sreen oat sheaves, and the balance alfalfa, aa compared to group one which was fed alfalfa alone. As above stated, both groups were giv- en the same [quantity of grain. On account of Having the .diversity of roughage, the, second group ata near- ly 1000 pounds mors. This increase in amount eaten, together with the fact that slightly better use could be made of'the food this group an average gain of nearly four pounds-periled more than group one, and an increase in net profit ot 26 cents per head. In this connection it should be stat- ed that the grain fed was short, and. rather fine In-the straw, being oY such a character that the lambs ate it clean UP- The results-obtained from the test would appear'- to warrant, when pos- sl'ble; the feeding of a small "quantity of Borne other; rough age along with al- falfa. Native hay of good quality itt.e., cut reasonably early) should give as good returns as the. green oats fed in the above experiment. FARMER EVANS ON THE WEED PROBLEM Salberg Grain Co. MEMBERS WINNIPEG GRAIN EXCHANGE .Lcthbrldje Floor, .Hull Block. GRAIN COMMISSION Before selling or shipping your grain THJS SEASON, write, wire or telephone WM. J. COMPANY 512 Grain Exchange ..'V: Calgary, Alberta. A Well Established and Reliable Firm. References: Any Bank. LIBERAL' ADVANCES .'.QUICK RETURNS SATISFACTORY RESULTS'> To the Editor of TlTc llerald: would like1 a little space just once more in reply to .Mr. Uitehie'.s letter. .My last letter was a reply to his criticism on the Now he duals with the weeds. I see lie gets statements of several years ago t'roi Dr. KiMipp, iidvising lo break up the laud S to 11' inches deep in tlie fall, and of Soffiir Wheeler, to plow land in fall ami then plow it back again in the spring. I am not going lu criticise those methods, but .Mr. Ritchie does not jioim out (hat these men did H work with tlie Hole purpose to prevent I lie weeds from growing; therefore, more theory. I am much obliged it; be advised to learn "that weeds will feed on subsoil and plants on top soil.'1 Perhaps -Mr. Kitchie lias mud: to learn himself. He seems to be in much ignorance as to the growth of the wheat plant. He says: "The roots of the plant will be found in n cluster on top, tliat is. within llirce inches of tin; surface." We usually plant the seed over 3 indies deep, and you will find by pulling up a young plant that, even then, there are numbers of young shoots several inches in length, and will be found beyond and not with! three inches of the surface. I looked several weeks ago, and found enough roots down to the six .inches (o satisfy me that they were down to the bottom of the furrow, j ami on examining again 1 find that I this year owing to much moisture, I here are more roots down at six i li- chen than is usual. These are many down to four and five inches, where the moisture and plant food -is; but "the contrary is the says Mr. Ritchie. Upon request and postage I can send samples of the roots us proof, aud that is as much as I can do. care not just now if lie calls them al lap roots. Now, let us take the weeds-: !Mr. Pi tali IP. says sub- soil tliat has been turned up on top by ihe But what would you call the subsoil when we plow six inches or under each, careful not to say that feed on the soil that gets turned un- derneath after plowing. Of all the noxious weeds J know all "of them are long rooted. Scattered over the country we find thistles of many kinds, tumbling mus- tard, pig weeds, dock weed, stink weed, and many more, the .names of which I just now forget. I have sam- ples of the roots here, and they are long and penetrate for into the plowed land. -Mr. Ritchie thinks they are feeding on top a few inches. How easy it would be to harrow the weeds up and so destroy them it' it were so. I 'believe if -Air. Kitchie -were'to walk further along that old trail he mentioned and observe closer he would find that weeds grow fully as well on the black loam on the subsoil. Of course, I wo.uld like io meet Mr. Kitchie and compare notes. I expect to he in the city shortly, and will try to find time to call at-'the Herald of- fice. I may not be able to answer Mr. KHchie's letters until winter time, as we are very busy with the.crops, and have much work to do. When writing kindly give.facts and proof to your Yours truly, V G. U. EVANS, FARMERS' FINANClAlI; PROBLEMS (James Speakman, President of the HARVESTING EEQUIREilENTS r Gaterman Grain Lifters (For lodged or down grain) Taggart Portable Grain Elevators .Minneapolis Threshing Machines 1 Gasoline Engines Binder Sacks The Lelhbridge-Weyburn Realty Co. Ltd. E. A, SHARMAN, Mgr. Lethbrldge, Consign; Your Grain 'to Parrish and Heimbecker Limited FORT, WILLIAM. The Pitneef Gruin Firm of the Repreientsd Ernest A, Sharmah 1 Mgr. The Lethbrfdge-Weyburn Realty Co., Ltd., 1173; RESIDENCE 530. Our las't convention laid on the; di- rectors the duty of working out, sible, some feasible scheme of farrii credits, and we have given a good deal of study to this very difficult The directors have asked me, to pub- lish some articles in The Guide oh this matter, preparatory to a report, which is' to go before the unions and the convention, to help us to agree on some scheme of hanking suitable to farm needs. I recognize that many farmers will be too bnsy'just to read The Guide carefully, but this is the quietest time in the office, when we can heat the question, and I would like the farmers at any rate to keep The Guides with these! articles together, so that they can study them later. The immense importance of. the problem is clear to ail, and we are pretty well agreed that our present banking systems are, not well adapted for the farm business: We need a change in two directions: 1. iLowor Interest, 2. Longer time. I have t. the interest question first, not because it is the more im- portant, but because U is the easier disposed of. I take it that what we are asking for is not, an. artificially low interest, that is, an interest low- er than the market value of the mon- ey, but we are seeking arrange- ment by which we can borrow on such perfect security as will ensure to us the very lowest interest. in the, world's money market. The 'longer tme" question is the more important We need .two -binds of loans for oiir farm business. Short loans for financing out c urmit tiusl- THE POULTRY BREEDERS- OPPORTUNITY Canada in years has imported more poultry and mure uggs than she I lias exported. Yet her production has j materially incrcas-cd, but it has fail- ed to. keep pace wiili the consump- tion. In twenty years Hie egg pro- ion devclupnn inuu to but tlm consumption increased from 11.8 per capita tn Thai j.s to say tin: individual fondness for eggs had cruised ever fifty per cent. The pop- lation grew in twenty years, or from 18HI to HUH, according to the census, from to 83K, an increase of and the I egu; production mounted up'J ihtzen. in spite- of this fact, and al- though the exports fell about to j zero, has to he im- ported. In the same time the number j of poultry in Canada gicw Iron: to Here again, although (he increase was close upon thirteen mUlon, the cd the exports in amount of HH.tiDB. THE FEEDING VALUE OF SCREENINGS feed for !iu- The rc- iiinn forty per mil rises tin- k seeds uhieli may he mmncd by per ton when bran scUjt al J2 This reprcsenU a fei-dinu; value less the rust of seimratln ilislrihutins ;uid markctir The transport chart's of tin- sL'rmrinsK sniypi'ii to tlic In front the snmc year is n fi This problem mi ni- fic-rwn with Ml inch tio s Sixtv per rent, of lOO.mtO tons l''m'hli Consideration of Kra .InckaRO for ll.P vcar CU.IM.B August'S'-uer, ihreshernmn to .11, 1313, rs (iO.Otid tuns of fct'd manufacturer am! .stockman. [jiports exceed- value to the ness, season by season, aud IOIIK loans fur buying land, and for permanent improvements. Now, the present banking and loan arrangements do not meet tlie fann- ers', needs either for- short or for loans. Short loans we .need any- where from six months to three years; long 'ioans uy to thirty or forty years, or even longer. This, then, shortly, is the problem: To create a credit sy.sti'in which will sive us longer tiim anil lower inter- est. Tills problem lies at the root, of all farm nr.ogress. Today, especially, wo are on all hands to increase our output, "to fe-d urn- Umpire" i a .liflert-nce against Pretty nearly every farmer today is i' of Tnesc .striking working to the ounce or his cap- s thev acity and to the lust dtrtlnr of his cap- J s K arc vct ital. To Improvtynid enlarge our op- -from pymphfpt 7, Of the I Poultry IJivi.sion, of the Uominionj KinnouK total ni 11.150.10U .vhile of pmiltrv in 19H we ported in value but we Iv p Ship Your Grain To Us For Careful Attention PROMPT RETURNS LIBERAL ADVANCES Consignments given special attention grading checked carefully FOR BEST RESULTS TRY John Billings Co., Ltd- Head Office, Alber' 5th St. S., Lethbridge. .Mombcrs Win.iiiieg an.1 C'algarv drain Exchanges. orations, we net'd more For want of money we ;nv not making the f.ull profit on whiii we sell. Many farmers arc forced to 10 pay iheir debts and nmnot wait for the best market oimonumty. For want of cash wo pay higher prices for ev- erything we buy; ah the people from l much cheap- ng whom we buy could er cash paymt-nis were universal. We feel this wain m money in our co- operative movement, for co-operative business must be for cash and this nul many a farmer who has not got the cash. It is not really the business of the mnihifactnrer or mer- chant to finance his customer, but the business of tho banker. It is easy to illustrate in many ways' how farm operations would be iniprov- the Develop- and can be Department of Agriculture, "The and Poultry situation in Canada. notes upon the possible! piTcc-1 of (fin war upon Utown, B. S. A., M.'. verified on application for the PEIIII- phlei. 1o the Publications Urancli, I Department oi Agriculture, Uttnwa. The statistics in the pamphlet, are both phenomenal and interesting. No oiher articles of fond have shown such an increase in popularity. At the same time prices generally have increased and been well sustained. II r. Brown docs not undertake to ex- plain the phenomena, but contents himself with proving that it is so that the increase in every par- NOTICE TO STOCKMEN have Stock Hunches located in the Kooienay Valley, British Columbia, in the Cranbrook and Forme IJisiricts. in tracts r- I'iO acres to 1000 acres, specially picked for raising live s. '.vitU 01' open range adjoining, ninning water, lots of and willi portions oC the land Fiiitable for growing hay. have several tniots partly developed. Parties interested uoulii do well to see us, or for further particulars. ADDRESS: The Lund Land Development: Co., Limited, WARQNER, B. C-t Stales Austria-Hungary Italy China ed by a better system of farm cred- j tlcular is cmmnon to all the prov- its. A loan to ho reasonable and pro-ijncpa. He also gives particulars ol fitable should be repayable With some j imports of poultry into Great Bri- urofit out of the object for which the j tain, in 1913 am ail tiled in val- money was borrowed. Say a mixed ue to of wliich Russia farmer, when he has .secured his bar- supplier! the United vest, finds that lie needs more grail to carry through his stock until th next harvest; if he has to sell of tii buy the grain at the dearest time of the year; if he had iho. money- he could buy the year's supply at the cheapest lime.; So, if be bad more feed than stock, he could buy addi- tional stockere. Many a man could ext harvest; if he has to sell some Egypt Holland! f his stock before'he can buy addi- j Belgium Norway onal grain, he will mostly have to Hermanv and Can- ada, seemingly, nil. From the foregoing figures and the general condition oi things in Eu- rope, Mr. Brown arrives at the con- clusion that Britain will this year he short of eggs and 'poultry to the break up more land, if he could pay amount of a million and a Half oi for the breaking out of a loan repay- dollars, or of eggs alone to- Hie sum able out of the proceeds of the break- ing. We could rapidly improve our stock breeding, it' .we could borrow money for good breeding stock on a similar basis. of one hundred million dozen. Every Canadian producer should endeavour, therefore, to produce this year more and better eggs and poultry than ever before. An Opportunity To Buy FARM WAGGONS At Exceptionally Low Prices Moline cast: 40x48 wheels at Mollne cast; 44x52 wheels at New Deal cast: 44x62 wheels at New Deal cast; 44x52 wheels at New Deal Truck cast: 36x44 wheels at New Deal Truck cast; 34x40 wheels at-----.... Above prices are [or Gears. Grain Boxes, capacity 150 bushels.................. Grain Boxes, capacity 125 bushels New Deal Boxes, Moline Boxes, 36" COMPLETE JOHN DEERE LINES IN STOCK THOS. QUINN John Deere Avenue, Lethbridge. 90.00 80.00 75.00 75.00 65.00 40.00 23.00 35.00 ANNOUNCEMENT To Grain Growers of Southern Alberta When you want to dispose of your grain this fall, get in touch with C. R. Daniel, of Lethbridge. Call .oji him when you are in town or use the tele- pKone to catch him at any time. We have made arrangements with Mr. Daniel to represent us in: Southern Alberta. He can give you prices and grain information that will help you in your marketing. You want real service in the handling of this year's bumper crop. We want your Grain Business and we can handle it well. Will you give this farmers' pioneer company your support? i Absolute Security, Courteous Attention, Prompt Returns Service At Your Door PHONE At Office in Day-lime-1245 At Home after 6 p.m.-RllS rain Branches at RKGINA.SASK CALOARY.ALTA Ltd. Winnipeg-Manitoba ssSSfe1 UnUIMi ;