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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 3, 1914, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOUR THK LETKRR1PGE DAILY HERALD THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1914 ttbe ILetbbriboe ttlberta 'DAILY AND WEEKLY SUBSCRIPTION RATES Dally, delivered, per year..... M-00 Daily, by mail, per year......, Weekly, by mail, per 1.00 TELEPHONES Business Office Editorial Office W. A. Buchanan John Tot-ranee Managing Director Business MHims 1252 1224 for aid in that direction; lu Uio second place, it would bo almost impossible to get enough troops into tho war zono to ,bo of any service at this 'last desperate cry for hell'-" Japan it will be seen from the iibcmt can afford tho Empire most effectual aid by guarding Its Eastern interests. She will thereby relieve Great Britain from much anxiety in the forced withdrawal of large bodies of troops from India. THE PURCHASE OF GERMAN SHIPS BY THE STATES Great Britain anil -France should not look with equanimity on the proposal of the taking over by the United States of the llamburg- merchant fleet can best be estimated by the following an international lawyer, published some little time ago in the Chicago Tribune. The writer entertains difficulties as to the nature of contraband. England, If Ehe suspects any car- goes, trill insist on the right of search and will act as her best interests dic- tate in the premises. What England may regard ns contraband of war may be very different from what America regards as contraband of war. "Foodstuffs" are "conditional con- according to the Declara- tion of London, and from this the writer alluded to gives his views, ns to what will undoubtedly prove a cause of friction, in the following manner: Italy, for instance, has declared her neutrality in the present crisis. She was not bound by treaty to help Ger- many and Austria against Russia alone in the present crisis, but when France declared war against Germany she was bound to assist Germany- Italy's exact neutrality on this phase of the. question has not yet be- come known. As the understanding between Germany and Italy was for a long time'secret, it does not take a great stretch of imagination to sup. pose that Italy may maintain a "be- nevolent" neutrality and allow the ex- port of foodstuSs to Austria and Ger- many. The United States regards the dec- laration, of London as authoritative in so far as its, the United States, view of. the'questions of neutrality are concerned. England does not recog- -ElKs-'ia-aay declaration of es- binding. Italy, a neutral nation, might, therefore, with propriety consider foodstuffs as not contraband. She would then become the haven for the "Halted States trade in. wheel and other foodstuffs. Then if England stopped this trade is, between the u'clted' States; and In a. way, would be in- terfering -with the trade two neutral nations, one of which would be the united States. This almost eurely would causa friction between the governments concerned. It may be gathered, therefore, that any objection which Great Britain and France should raise against the con- "For all ire have and are, stand up nnii meet the war. tho Hun is at our Is the advice sent ringing through tho Empire by Hudynrd Kip- ling. Civilization vs Bomi-barbarlsm what this war is. "Take Paris or die" is the Kaiser's personal slogan which Is passed on to his soldiers. Evidently ho does not mind how many of his soldiers die In the attempt. The gaps are filled and by sheer weight of numbers he press- es on toward the goal. Local people returning from the States aver that the sentiment there is strongly against the Kaissr, claim- ing that he has brought on a useless war which will bring nothing but dis- aster to his people. Weight of opin- ion is certainly against the leader of the Huns. P IICKEDUPIN ASSING FOR THE BUSY MAN Sweden is to send an expedition into the South seas ner.t year that will re- main, away for five years. St. Catharines' fourth quota to leave for the front left yesterday, the 7th Field Battery, with a strength of 16S. Sir "William Macdonald 13 reported to be recovering from the serious op- eration he underwent iri Montreal, Through mistaking toadstools for mushrooms, three persons nearly lost their lives at Burquitlam, B.C. Lieutenant Archer Windsor-dive of the Ccldstream Guards, second son of the Earl of Plymouth, died of we-anas' received at Mons. A. Teaser of Jtlidlaud was killed yes- terday, five miles north of Barrie in a motor aceideat, the car turning The thirty-six members of the 2nd Battery that left Branuord yesterday, bring the total of the Brantford volun- teers uj> to 244. In the Canadian force there will be six. Salvation Army ch With tho thoughts oE everybody In tho Empire directed to tho "doings of Hrltlsh fleuts ut sea, an account oE tho individual off leers commanding the squadrons engaged in- war cannot fell to be or deep interest. Foremost, of course, Is Admiral Sir John Jellicoo, the comnmnder-ln-chiui. To a large number of people ho has hitherto probably been an unfcnowu personality. During the occurrences o[ tho immediate future, however, many other men whoso immea are un- familiar to the public, will certainly come to the front. Some of these offi- cers are referred to in the following sketches. A glance at the fleet commanders a shows thai, comparatively was fifty-four In December, and has boon lu tho navy iluoe 1S72. He is.n gunnery 'specialist, winning the 5-100 prlbe for guahefy vJiea.nt college us a 'J.eutemmt In 1833, ho has Kfien war service: first. In tho Egyptian war of 1S83, and secondly in In 1900, when ho Grounded In Sir EM- ward Seymour's expedition to reliefs the Pekiu legations, of which tiou he was chief staff officer. His thoroughness as art administrator has been shown as naval asslitant to the controller, naval ordnance, thtrd sea lord and second sea lord, which latter post ho has just left. Aflottt he haa'beenlraar-admlral in the Atlantic fleet, .vita-admiral command- ins that fleet, and vice-admiral com- JOHN JELL1COE Admiral In Chief of.tthe British Fleet. speaking, this is the day of young the second division of the mirals. There are hardly any officers flying their flags in the Fleet who can be called veterans in point of age, though the term mav be used in re- theirsene, the eity says tbaihero will be no Ger- 1 home fleet. When in command of the "Red" fleet during .the 1913 manbeu: svr'es, he showed his_skill in raiding the Humber and other east coast places. Rear-Admiral C. E{ Madden, chief of the staff to Sir John Jellicoe, Is a bro- ther-in-law officer, both admir- als having niarrried daughters of Sir fifty-seven, and. the youngest, Vice-Ad- J Charles Cayzer. Entering the navy in '1875, Rear-Admiral Madden also serv- ed in the Egyptian war and specialized in gunnery. He has been nayarassist- I have had over forty--years in the Navy. miral-Sir David B catty, the hero of The Vice-Chancellor of Oxford univerr battle of Heligoland Bight, ]ie-scorefl a brUiiaqt success, mans there this term, but Americans f0rty.thre'e... The. man. is j ant to the third and first sea lords, and Colonials. j about fifty-two..years.. T.T affords alchief of. staff in the home fleet, and j contrast to the custom Ju r.any nav- j private secretary to the first lord. Pro- There has been quite a'rush for thejjes, .which admirals of placer strike which took place 35 j between sixty..and seventy'years of templated action of the States with [river, regard to purchasing the ships, is reasonable, aa both Powers not only to avoid any- miles south of Big Efddy, on the Fraser! n thing in the way of opportunity for causing strained relations between themselves and the United States, but to guard against everything that may tend to the prolongation o? the war. JAPAN'S COURSE OF ACTION The question has been discussed as to whether. Japan will send an expe- ditionary force to aid the Allies on the continent of Europe. Stephen PJchon, writing- in the Petit Journal, argues tho necessity for, such force. He says that fine support could be aiToraefl DV Japan with her trained, disciplined, courageous and powerful army, and he urges "that the Allies should take the> matter into consid- eration. If the Japanese consul at New York speaks for his nation, Japan is very anlikely to take the step o" sending out troops to fight on European soil. "Our agreement with Great Bri- said the consul general, "Is such that need have no fear of removing her troops from In- dia to the war zone. That agree- ment "binds us to protect the in- terests of Great Britain in oust such an emergency, sml tho ;-nient. includes. India and China "In the event of Turkey getting ;Into this is not so pro- mlsing. as It may seem, Japan '..would send to; India a sufficient force to keep down any uprising of: the natives that may be fo- .mented by Turkish or German in- terests. Such, a movement of Japanese troops in covered in tho agreement. "On the other band, we canuut send .troops, to the ;war in E-iir- opa, '.no matter what the fortune of tbe AIlteB may.fce. In the first our fgreement does not call Sir John Command- J er-iii-Chief of the Home Fleets, is in moted to flag rank in April, 1911, while serving a term of two years as fourth sea lord, he has since flown his flag in the first battle squadron and third and second cruiser SQuadrons, Coi. Sanders, a veteran the Royal i supreme command in the North Sea, leaving the latter on July 29 to be- Northnrest Mounted Police, now of j ___ C'algary, may lead a regiment of pioii-] eers to the war. George Elliot, the present Federal member for North Middlesex, was nominated for the House of Commons by the Conservatives of the newly, con- stituted riding of -West Middlesex. A dispatch to Reuter's Telegraph Co. of London from Sofia says that a new comet has been observed with the naked eye from the observatory at Plevan. It was located in the con- stellation of Gemini. The Spanish steamship Miguel M. PineHos, "sailed today for Barcelona, Spain, from Galveston, 5333 bales of cotton. This is said to be the first cargo of cotton exported since the European war began. An application to have the Univer- sity of British Columbia brought with- in the benefits of the Carnegie found- ation for the endowment of retired university professors and for aid in research to be made in due course by the governors. the completion of the new tele- phone line for the Provincial govern- ment forest branch between Heriot Bay and Green Point Rapids, forty lumber camps with 2000 men and also 200 settlers and their families have been brought into communication with the city of Vancouver.. Maiiy Doctors Eat .....fflr KIotB returned'to Ottawa from an European trip.. He "was In Germany, taking a hospital course In surgery, when the war broke out, and he had a great deal of difficulty in getting out of Germany. "Though Dr. KjoU speaks the German language fluently, he had with him his little daughter, who speaks German with a pronounced English accent In order to eludtr German vigilance Dr. Klotz had to liave his' daughter pretend alie S 4eaf and dumb. V Every Morning How to Win Battles More Victories are won by siege tactics than by assaults Apply tills to business and see what it means; it means that con- tinuous and steady advertising is more resultful than campaigns that come und go, come and go with long intervals in between. For an advertiser with goods to sell to suspend his selling, effort now is to make conditions worse for himself, and is no sign of that courage which is supposed to pos- sess every Canadian heart in these war times. Win and Hold Your Position in Business By Steadfastness In Attack come third sea lord, an appointment now, of course, In abeyance. The Bittle Squpdroni Vice-Admiral Sir Bayly com- mands the firpt battle squadron, flying his flag In tlio new battleship Mori- borough. He is fifty-six years of age, and has been in the navy since 1870. A torpedo ipecialtst, he obtained the 1400 prize for this branch at Green- wich College in 1884; On two occa- sions hs bsJ scsi: wir service !n Ash- antl in 1873-4, and during the Egyptian war of i882; he 'was also employed ag- ainst Ceszf pirates in 1875, As Com- modore of the home fleet destroyers he did much to promote the efficiency uj Uio flotillas, and was afterwards placed In command of the war college, from 190S to 1911. Since then he has commanded the first battle-cruiser squadron for two years, and the third battle squadron for a year, his pre- sent' command dating from June 22 last. Vice-Admiral Sir George Wnrrender has the distinction of commanding our most powerful battle squadron, .the st ond for its eight ships are all armed with lo.Sin. guns. He Joined the navy In 1873, and was fifty-four years of age on July 31-. Twice he has seen fighting on land, in the Zulu war oMS79, and the China war of 1900, in the 'latter of. winch he was flag cap- tain to the rear-admiral of the China squadron. As a commodore and rear- admiral he was Commander-in-chief in the East Indies in 1807-9, and after two years in tlie second cruiser squad- in 1910-12 he was appointed to his present command on December 16, 1912. his flag flying in .the King George V. VIce-Admirai B. B. Bradford, in the third battle squadron, has charge of our principal pre-Dreadnought battle- ships, in one of which, the King Ed- ward VII, his flag flies. He is a'gun- nery specialist, .like Sir George War- render, than whom he Is one year old- Entering the service in 1S72, he lias In the Egyptian war of 1882. In 1890 .an essay from his pen on the maritime defence of the United King- dom and its trade in a war with, a nav- al power, was placed second the competition for the United Service ,In- gtltlon s gold medal. For some time he was Sir Arthur Wilson's flag cap- tain in the Channfei Fleet, and .as a rear admiral he was in the second di- vision of the home fleet in 1909-10, and in command of the training squad- ron in 1911-13. .Vice-Admiral Sir Douglas Gamble, with, his flag In the Dreadnought, is In command of the fourth battle" squad- ron He was fifty-seven years of age in November last, and has been in the since 1870. While no 'war ser- vice has hitherto fallen to his lot, he has given evidence, both in commands afloat arid in the Intelligence depart- ment at the Admiralty, .of his energy and capacity. He was 'selected IB 1SB9 as naval advisor to Turkey, and his ex- cellent "work at Constantinople consid- erably raised the efficiency of the Ot- toman fleet, which he twice took to sea for cruises. Froin 1810 to 3912 ho commanded the sixth cruiser squad- ron, and he hoisted his flag in his pre- sent appointment on July 1. Organization of Pint Fleet The system of organization of the first fleet provides that In addition to the vice-admiral commanding each battle iquadron a, rear-admiral, second- in-command, Is also appointed. A list of these officers Is given below. The fourth battle iquadron, as it only con- sisted of four of eight units, had no'Tear-admiral to it. The cruiser squadrons are each command- ed by a and the er flotillas are In" charge of a com, ;c- dore, each flotilla having its own cap- tain. There Is also a light cruiser squadron.in the.fleet, which is under t eoEamodore. Cruiser Flag Officers Vlce-Admiral Sir David Beatty, com- imanding the first battle cruiser squad- ron, in the Lion, won early promotion to the'rank of commander for disting- uished services with the Nile gun- boats In 1898, and also early promotion to that of captain lor gallantry in China in 1900, so that he reached Hag rank at the age of thirtyrnine. Since then he has been naval secretary to the first lord, and he took up his pre- sent command in March, 1913. His well-known courage and dash has al- ready found full scope with the splen- did fcatUe-cruIsers in the squadron of which he is Jn'charge. Rear-Admlral the Hon. S. A. Cough- Calthprpe, 'commanding the second cruiser squadron, In the Shannon. He !is a torpedo officer, of scientific at- tainments, and his Bound judgment was .revealed during the Titanic in- he w.as an assessor. He was promoted .to. the rank of com- mander for services-during the Brass river: and M1 Weil expeditions, and on the West and Bast African coasts in 1895, .and: .during.'the -Russo-Japanese war "was naval! attache at St. Peters- burg. He' waB.reatradmlral In the first battle; squadron'during 1913, and took up his liiWentlpiist on July 29: Rear-Admlral Wf C. Pakenham, com- the. third i cruiser squadron, iin thel'Antrlin, knows 'what a modern fleet Is like from his exped- ience in-the Russo-Japanese war, when he was on board Togo's flagship. He was fourth sea lord from 1911 to 1913, and hpitted his flag. In his present command last December. He is fifty- three years of oldest of the cruiser admirals of his fleet, but a man of'.'unrivalled, eipe-rlsnce and knowledge modern naval fighting. Commodore W. B. Goodenough is the officer in command of the first 'light cruiser squadron, his penuant 'flying Southampton. He Is j forty-seven .years of age, and since 1880 In the navy, as his father, ;Com'modore I. G. Goodenough, C.B, before him. He was In command of the Royal Naval Col- I lege, Dartmouth, In 1905-07, and lias since the Albeinarle, bun- (can ariir Cochrane, in the last-named i of which' vessels he escorted King i George-'to India for the Durbar, and assisted' at the relief operations after the Messina earthquake, receiving the Order of'St. Maurice and Bt. Lazarus from the King-of Italy. Rear-Admirals Rear-Admiral Hugh Evan-Thomas, who serving In the first battle nquailron with his flag In the St. Vin- cent, is new to war service, but his 'abilities Are indicated by his employ- ment as private secretary to the first lord In 1005-09, anJ in command of the Dart.njclnt'i In 1910-12. He and entered. thV '1876.V years ago he WM AJmJittJ- sir Michael Culmc- Seymour'i lu tho Med- DONALDSON LINE TO SCOTLAND, ENGLAND AND IRELAND. Low raies; good isrvlee. One- clais cabin third-clasa, closed cabtna, SAILINGS FROM MONTREAL. S3. "ATHENIA" Sept. 26th, Oct. ,24th. _' SB, 3rd, Oct. S3. Sept. 12th, Oct. 10th. All information cheerfully fur-- nlehed by authorized agents, or H. E. LIDMAN, General Agent, Ph.: M. 5312 349 Main Street, Winnipeg. iterranean, Bad ten years ago he was Lord Charles Beresford's flag-captain in the Channel. He obtained his Hag In July, 1912, aud took .up his first and present flag command In Decem- ber laat. Rear-Admiral Sir Robert Arbuthnot, of the second battle squadron, in the Orion, IK generally recognised as a man of ideas, which he expounds with characteristic energy. Whel, passing for lieutenant he won the medal for the best gunnery wamina- tion. It was his misfortune to be se- verely injured in a 6In. gun atcident in the Royal Sovereign off Platm in 1901. The attention he has given to the in-, ternal economy and organization of warships finds reflection in bis "Bat- tleship Commanders' Order and "Battleships' Station In 19034 he was Lord Fisher's flag-captain at. Portsmouth. Promoted, to .rank in July, 1912, after nearly, two years as commodore of destroyers la" the home fleet, he hoisted his fleg In his, present command In October laatj at the age of twenty-nine., Rear-Admiral H. flying his flag in the Hibernia, rairal of the .third battle has been in the navy since 1878, and is. now fifty-one years old. Like Sir R- Arbuthnbt, he injured, on peace service, losing His left hand In aa.ac-' cident in the Innexible In 1889. He, has twice seen war service, In the Egyptlon, campaign of 1882, and the China rebellion of 1900, being mention- cd in dispatches for hlg work la the latter. 'FRUIT SALT" il VMT eifertire III iKt tntf. Btnt cf Coldi. 87 helping orinni el to elimin.1. the amioiH tub- numeei r "Fruit about I Itiin ing beveraf 0 plMxl (of quenchlnr ikinl. Pnfartdmlyly ;