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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 13, 1916, Lethbridge, Alberta SATURDAY, MAY 13, 101G SPECIAL SIWUCMKNT OF THE LF.TIIiminGF, lllvKAU) PAGE FIVE THE LETHBRIDGE DISTRICT LEADS IN GRAIN PRODUCTION TOTAL OF BUS. OF GRAIN RAISED IN THIS DISTRICT DURING 1915 Of This Amount Bushels Have Been and 60 Bushel Averages in Wheat Crops Were Common Last Yielded as High as 130 Bushels Total 1916 Grain Crop (for market) R'eservea for Feed and Seed (estimated) bushels bushels Total Yield....................................... bushel? Shipped to Date bushels Stfi to Ship (estimated) bushels Shipped Through Lethbridge Yards bushels Total Value 1915 Crop................................... Value per Capita......................................... No. of Cars of Grain......................................... 30'000 Area Cropped (approximately) acres Average 35 bushels; Oats 65 bushels. Rainfall for year, 16.75 inches. When iu the fall of 1915, threshing returns commenced to roll in and optimistic Southern Albertaos de- clared that this division of the Great West had broken all records for grain yields for a large urea In any jmrt of the world, the conservative man said, "wait and see." But six months have passed, the figures have been compiled, and in the above -table is proof that the district centering on Lethbridge has set a record for grain production that will stand some beating. The figures given above are for the grain production served hy LetH- brfdge in a railway and business way. Roughly it includes that, pan of Al- Junction to Cowloy; along the Card- ston, Coutts and Foremost branches on Uie south; and along the Alder- side branch as far UB Alderside and on the Calgary-Maclcod branch as far as Stavely, on the north. It does not include Uie area along the raaln line east of Medicine Hat to the provin- cial boundary, nor does it include till Snffleld line area, ranch of the best producing area of which is really tributary to LetlVbridge. To get a bird's eye view of the district which 'startled the world with its magnificent crop figures last fall, one might nay that it is about one- twenty-second of the whole area of the province, its total population is PLOWING SCENE NEAK LETHBRIDGE berta south of a line drawn east and west through "Claresholm on the Cal- .gary-Macleod branch of the C. P. R., or between the 49th and 50th parall- els of latitude, and from the Rockies to the Medicine Hat line oast and west. Taking it by areas served by railway lines, the district on which the crop of bushels was grown lies aolng the Crows' Nest branch of the C. P. R'. from Dunmore about and the portion of it under crop --about acres. Answer to Production Campaign TM try-five million bushels of grain marketed, or on Uie way, to say nothing about the millions kept for seed and feed, is Southern Al- berta's 101S answer to the Patri- otism and Production campaign in which the farmers ot' the Leth- bridge district endeavored to do L'their duty by the Empire in time ot! war. Thin was the result of the great- est year's 1'inning operations ever attempted In this part of the country. It its an answer too that has attracted tiie eyes of the agricultural and bus- iness world to Southern Alberta, There may be lean years in the fut- ure, but they will never dim the 1915 record which lias established beyond all doubt, the agricultural possibilities of the sunny south. Moat of the big crop of last year was spring wheat of a very superior quality. Most of it netted the farmers in the neighborhood of one dollar a bushel. It is estimated that less than KG per cent, of the acreage was seed- ed to oats and other coarse grains. It will be apparent then that the yields on spring wheat fields were ivery higli on the average. Individual Yicldi. They wore. All that is needed to prove the faul is a survey of some of the abnormal yields. A carefully pre- pared statement of yields from 107 different fanners' fields showed wheat, crops that averaged 53 bushels to the acre. These yields were care- fully checked and are authentic. They do not include all the high yields by any, means. The Farm at New Dayton took 61 bushels to the acre off 320 acres. Campbell and Son of Burdett had an average of bushels over a whole section, G40 acres. T. McKay of Medicine Hat threshed-10.500 bushels of 150 acres, an average of 70 bushels. At Ray- mond, J. Costley took bushels from 500 acres. It. Talbot of Dia- mond City will make affidavit that he took 7S bushels to the acre off 28 carefully acres. These yields are not Jain' tales; they are authentic. The fact tlyit the Lethbridge Experimental Farm threshed 90'bushels to. the acre from one of its experimental spring wheat plots is proof of what the country did j for tue farmer last year. The farmer j who didn't have ivuen.1 Ilial areragcii 45 bushels or better last fall felt him- self distinctly out of the swim. Barons Record Tf anything more were needed to check the figures gathered from in- dividual sources all that would be necessary would be merely the fig- ures of shipments from scma of the shipping points in the south. Barons, 26 miles northwest of the city of Lethbridge, one of the most fertile areas in Southern Alberta, leads all Southern Alberta sblppiiig points to date with bushels of gram actually gone forward. Nanton winch lies west of Barons but on the Mac- leod branch, -87 miles from Leth- HARVESTING SCENE NEAR LETHBRIDGE bridge by rail, has reached Uie mil- lion bushel mark, while How Island, So miles to the east of the city has shipped over bushels to date. End is Not Yet. And the end is not yet. Of the bushels of grain in South- ern Alberta yet to be moved by the railways. Barons will ship about 700.000 bushels, making her full contribution about li.i.iOO.OOO bushels, largest amount -of grain ever known to have been producrd in any ono district in Western Canada. It might be well to mention that Barons shipping point is not isolated from other shipping points. N'oble lies to The south of it only a few miles, while Carmangay, to the north about fact is partly owing to the congestion nt the seaboard which resulted on an embargo being placed on the ship- ment of grain from Southern Alberta during the greater part of the winter and partly because the farmers in many instances are possessed of plenty of cash and are not anxious to until the price Is light. Threshing was also delayed in many parts by the severe winter, but grain which stood the stock until spring thresh- ed and graded as well as that oil last fall. Outlook Favorable. The outlook for the crop in Southern Alberta is very favorable at the lime of writing. While, owing to the stress of work in harvesting I bushels under las', year's will be jreater than any produced in any other year up to that time. Southern Alberta farmers are pros- perous. As a class they are more prosperous than ever they have been. But they are not abusing; their pros perity. They are not expecting a repetition of 1915 every year. They know now what Southern Alberto can do under favorable circum- stances, and by careflul farming methods and the introduction of live stock which they are now in a pos- HARVESTING THE BIG CROP IX LETHBRIDGE DISTRICT ition to purchase, they hope to be able to show, in Uie next ten years, a better average of grain yields than they showed'In the ten years ot pioneering since 1905. PATRIOTIC FUND For the Canadian Patriotic Fund, for the care and maintenance of wives and families of soldiers on active ser- vice, Lethbridge city and immediate district recently raised nearly four times the allotment of 10 miles, is another heavy shipper. Vulcan, on the Alderside branch of Barons has shipped over bushels to date- also, "so that the Al- derside line jias made a record to shoot at in the future. Foremost on the Lethbridge-Weyburn Hue south- east of the city, the centre of au area that has not been farmed more than five years, the centre of what EXPERIMENTAL PLOTS AT PROVINCIAL SCHOOLS OF AGRICULTURE was until recently the greatest ranch- ing territory left in Western Canada, lias also set a proud record. To date j it has shipped well over half a mil- lion bushels, and no one knows how much of the 1915 crop Is left to ship. Threshing was completed In this dis- trict only this spring. Get at the enormity of the 1915 crop In Southern Alberta another way. On a certain date last October when threshing was in full swing tliitoughout the whole district, the Lethbridge division of the C. P. R. had bushels of grain mov-i ing. Every bushel of that grain was growii in this district; that volume ot traffic all originated here on that one day. This one day's grain bus-! iness on the division represented ten trains of grain, each of SO loaded; cars at 1200 busheds .to the care and some besides. And Lethbridge is the centre of this vast grain producing area. The proof, of that fact lies in the table showing that of the bush- els shipped to date, bush-, els have passed through the Leth- bridge terminals of. the .C. P. R, In fipitu of cont. of fenun grown has to go: east to find the world's market, thus cutting this terminal off from the of us. By .the time the whole of the 3915 crop has .been'moved the ethbridge yards will" have received from branch lines and made up in trains for transportation eastward a' totfll of not less than bush-; els of grain, representing cars, i The past year has established Leth- bridge _ as a grain centre beyond a shadow of a doubt, Two Crops in One. Two crops in was the 1915 crop. Prior to last year the great- est crop ever produced in Southern Alberta was in 19 j 3. when a total of bushels were shipped from the same aroa. In that year wheat aver- aged about- 20 bushels to the acre while oats averaged about 35 bush- els. In that year the whole province produced bushels of all kinds of grain. Noxt'to the immensity of the yield, the outstanding feature of last year's crop Is the fact that It will take a whole year to market it. In four morn months the nerr crop will be on the market mid In time bushels are to be shipped out (o mnko way lor new grain. This and threshing last fall, there was much less land prepared in Southern Alberta has had a very fav- orable seeding season, more so than any other part of the Canadian west, and it is expected that the acreage will be at least 75 per cent, of that cropped last year. Under normal con- ditions this acreage will produce a crop, which, though several million The Merchants' Bank of Canada Established in.....1864 HEAD OFFICE SIR H. MONTAGUE ALLAN, E. F. HEBDEN, MONTREAL, QUE. PRESIDENT GENERAL MANAGER 206 Branches throughout Canada extending Irom Halifax, !NT. S., to Victoria, B. C. A General Banking Business Transacted Lethbridge Branch, J. N. Kennedy Manager We Manufacture and Have for Sale; Deepwell Pumps, Plate Grinders and Three Roll Grinders We Also Do All Kinds of Repairs Castings of every des.cnp-. tion in Iron, Brass or Bronze A Full Line of Reeves and Case Gearing Stocked G. KlSCnel, Lessee of the Plant of The Lethbridge Ironworks Co. Lethbridge Limited Alberta ;