Internet Payments

Secure & Reliable

Your data is encrypted and secure with us.
Godaddyseal image
VeraSafe Security Seal

Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

- Page 11

Join us for 7 days to view your results

Enter your details to get started

or Login

What will you discover?

  • 108,666,265 Obituaries
  • 86,129,063 Archives
  • Birth & Marriages
  • Arrests & legal notices
  • And so much more
Issue Date:
Pages Available: 16
Previous Edition:

Search All United States newspapers

Research your ancestors and family tree, historical events, famous people and so much more!

Browse U.S. Newspaper Archives

googlemap

Select the state you are looking for from the map or the list below

OCR Text

Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 13, 1916, Lethbridge, Alberta SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT OF THE LETIIBHIDOK HERALD PAGE THREE ig Irrigation Projects Are Under Way in Tkis District Ready-Made Farms Near Letbbridge By Norman S. Rankin FALL IRRIGATION ON PAWSON FARM, COALDALE, NEAR LETHBRIDGE About ten miles from Lethbridge In the irrigated district, tha Cauadiai Pacific Rullway has MtabllBliod one! of its colonies of. "Heady Madu which is generally known as j the OoaldBle Colony. i These "Ready Mado Farms" are now very well known. Borne six or seven years ago, Mr. J. S. Dennis, assistant to tlie President of the C. P. tt., when considering the ques- tion of British emigration to Canada and how It could be increased, came to the conclusion that one of the ob- Ktacles which hindered a greater movement of that class which above all .was needed, the sturdy British yeoman Farmer, was the lack of homes. The Britisher was not HOCUS- tunned, to .having to undertake pioneer work, clearing the prairie, making himself a house, and so forth, and in consequence a number of very desirable possible "Western Canadian farmers lost.' Another consideration entoru.l into the case, and that was t.-.ut Lh-jso pioneer operations took great deal of very valuable time, and delayed the date when the new farm would begin to produce revenue. One of the most Important things on a new farm Is that It shall bring returns quickly and put its owner on a sound finan- cial basis. Having laid out a groat deal of capital in preliminary Im- provements, he ought to besrfn to earn, at earliest possible moment, ut least sufficient for running ex- penses. Under the existing method of cettlement, this was often Impossible. The establishment, of Ready Made Farms Unw marked treat forward step in colonization. The scheme boing inaugurated, a number of colon- ies were Improved In different parts of Western Canada, of -which the majority were in the province of Alberta. Thwre are IIOTF colonies Irrigation Scnemes of the C.P.R. Make Large Areas Fertile [By Norman S. Rankin] considered as appealing spec- cupation at once and is in possession land and improvements being paid at tally to the British fanner; but it also acle so great appeal lo farmers of other national Itiea that later on its scope was enlarged ao as to benefit American and Canadian farmers. of a crop the very first year, besides 'neing saved many of the inconvei.- iences incidental to life under pioneer circumstances. Thjjrc are several types of build- A colony consists of a number of j jng3j painted and of artistic design. 'arms, varying in size but averaging one hundred and sixty acres, -contig- uous to one another. The Improve- ments ars made by the Canadian Pacific Railway under the supervis- ion of Its own department of meat. The colony at Coaldale consists of seventeen farms, of which only six now rwn'aln unsold. Previous to occupation the Tteflfiy Made Ffcrms (which are very care- fully selected as rajards to aoil) are developed by the erection of a. house and barn, the drilling of a well and installation of a pump, the fencing, and In most cases the comprising atf told sorac 420 j of certain area. The ,_. Aa said, tha scheme wasckajw ii thus able to move Into oc- Five-strand woven wire f.rected aiviiirrl iho entire farm, the buildings boiiig enclosed a four acre''site wii.'i stronger fencing. The ajnoimt of cultivation varies in diff- erent, localities; at the ConldalQ col- ony, fifty acres have beei' broKpn on each unsold farm, and seeded al- falfa. The actual cost of the improve- ments is added to the cost of the raw land, and the whole sold as one unit. The farms in the Goaldale colony have had improvements made, includ- ing house, barn, well, fencing, culti- vation, seeding, insurance, etc., to the extent of roughly each. They ere aojd on a twenty-year payment basis, one-tenth of the total price OL the time of application, payment of the balance bsing required within twenty years, with interest at sir per cent. In receiving applications to pur- chase these ready made farms, the Canadian Pacific Railway have adopt- ed the policy that the married man is best; All purchasers under the scheme are required to be married men of agricultural experience, with sufficient equipment to work his farm and sufficient spare capital, after making a' first payment, to pro- vide for himself during the first year's occupation. Water Supply It is eipected that the Dominion government will actively take up the work next year of sinking teat holes business. throughout southern Alberta for the securing of artesian wells for the farmers on the prairies. In some lo- calities throughout the more southern portions of the Lethbrldge district great flowing wells have been struck and it is the opinion of the eovt. that these wells can be struck at almost any noiiit throughout this part of the country. Prospectors for gas have found large artesian wells which furn- ish an abundant supply of water, and the government has been urged to take some action towards enabling farmers to secure artesian wells for the use. of stock. When this work is carried to com- pletion, it is expected that the coun- try will he dotted with wells, and that the farmers will have no diffi- culty in obtaining a splendid supply of water, which will encourage them atlll further in.entering the live stock Irrigation in Southern Alberta may be said to date from 1892. when a series of dry years turned the atten- tion of the Eettlers to the possibilities of aiding the growth of their crops by the artificial application of water. The question subsequently assumed I such importance as to warrant its 1 boing taken up by the Government, i with the result that well-considered land comprehensive laws relating to j the use of water for Irrigation wore passed, a system of general surveys undertaken to determine the scource and value of available supplies, arid Hie location of the areas where such water could be used best ad- vantage. These surveys showed that three extensive areas offered special ad- vantages for irrigation. One of these, containing some acres, was. situated in the Lethbridge district, and could be supplied from the St. Mary river. This was, as a matter of fact, the pioneer irrigation enterprise on a large scale In Western Canada, and was started in the year 1S98. It was constructed at an expenditure of over one million dollars, by the Alberta Railway and Irrigation Company, The headgates and diversion works are situated on the St. Mary's River, near the N. E. corner of Township 1 Range 25, and about 50 miles south west of Lethbridge. The St. Mary's river is a mountain river fed by the melted snows and glaciers of the Rockies, and does not depend upon natural precipitation for Its volume. The works consist of the Rockfill Di- version Dam and spillway, 600 feet long, across the bed of the river. The intake channel is provided with spill- way and waste gates, and the main canal, there has, a capacity at'the in- {take of one thousand second feet, its iain headgates being conntructed of steel and concrete. It is a matter of great interest to trace this canal system by means of a map. The bed of the St. Mary's river lies at an elevation of something like one hundred feet below the surround- ng country. The canal leaves the river Jn a heavy cutting through clay and gravel formation, and hugs the east slope of the valley for a distance of some -1 miles when it comes out on to tho bench laud. It then takes a trend to the north-east and runs in that direction for a distance ot six and a half miles, when It debouches into a natural channel, whlab. is known as Spring Coulee. On this division of the canal there are two flumes, the North and South, Crossing of Willow Creek. These are respectively '235 and 735 feet in length, and eacb has a clear width of 27 feet and Is designed to carry's depth of 6 feet of water. At the end of this section, adS'antage is taken, ot a natural watercourse, which Is util- ized for seventeen mileiT when the canal is again developed into an artificial channel which Is taken for a milo and a Another natural channel is then made use ot to trans- port the water to the town of Magratn, where another diversion dam is established. From Magrath, the canal runs with the banks of the Pothole river for six miles, when it again emerged and runs eastward through Raymond to terminate at Stirling, where It de- bouches into a natural channel, tlie Kipps Coulee, which Is 'used to trans- port tliei waters to the east. Midway between Magrath and Ray- mond the branch crosses a natural channel, Nine-Mile Coulee. At this point It branches to the north of Nine- (CONTINUED ON PA.GB SEVEN) IRRIGATION IS THE KEYSTONE OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA'S PROSPERITY Potatoes 200% Turnips 200% Sugar fleets 384% Carrots........... 141% Corn.............. 128% Results from Irrigation To MMrtftln just what baneftta to bd derived from irrigation, to Southern Alberta, series 'of experi- ments WM Scr the Dominion Government Ex- perlmontal Finn at liHtforUff. This (arm is divided into i "dry" and ieetfim, and as It Is the business of the manager to beet results poEJible oa each lectkm, the conclunkm-arrived at may be accepted as absolutely unbiased. With fact to mind the figures from the Farm Report rarniiBri interesting aud convincing reading. Com- pering the results secured under natural rainfall condi- tions with results secured under irrigation, the following crops show, u the result of adopting tha latter, the per- centage at increase set opportte Mangolds 102% Field Peas 73% Barley (two-rowed) 69% Barley 45% Spring Wheat 33% The highest yielding wheat under irrigation, covering two years, went 43% bushel! per acre. The same wheat without irrigation yielded 33 bushels per acre during the game period. In six-rowed barley the figures were and bushels respectively. Two-rowed barley under irrigation yielded 65, and without irrigation 49% bushels per acre. Potatoes made a remarkable showing under irrigation. The figures were 648% bushels per acre as compared with-149% withou irrigation. Sugar beets yield- ed 2414 tons per acre under irrigation, and 6% without. 25 tons per acre and 13% without Turnips -about the same. Carrots, 15 tons under water and 6% tons under dry land culture. Fodder corn yielded 15% tons un- der Irrigation us compared with 6U tons without. The following table shows the average yield under irrigation and non-irrigation for six Irrigated 6-year Non-Irrigated Average G-year average Wheat bushels 26 bushels Ml S9 Barley (Claude) 73 34 Potatoes M 233 These figures show that for the period of six years, wheat under irrigation, yielded an average ot 20 bushels per acre more than under dry farming; oats yielded 42 bushels more, barley 39 bushels more and potatoes 259 bushels -more. It should tie noted that under irriga- tion very successful oropi ot alfalfa ware grown which not only were very profitable in. themselves, but main- mined and 'increased the fortuity of the soil. Nineteen Fifteen loft no question about that. It was a demonstration of what Southern Alberja soil and sunshine produce when the right amount of-moisture is mixed in. The Provincial Government has placed the average wheat yield of the -whole province a-t ]msheis per acre, and admittedly the heaviest yields were in the South. The Lethhridge Board of Trade investigated 23 farms selected at random in the Lethhridge district, and found that the average wheat yield was 44 bushels pei acre, oats bushels and barley 56 bushels. Wheat yields of over 50 bushels .per acre, and oat yields over 100 bushels, were not uncommon. The Provincial Government reports show that six times as much wheat per acre produced m tne briclge district in 1915 as in 1914. The Soil was the Same-The Sun was the Same-It was all in the Water Tlie Alberta irrigation'farmer has a ffirieteen-Fifteen every year: He has soil which-may truly be-said to- rank with the richest in the world: he climate he would never exchange for-the'clouds and dampness of humid countries; and he has water when he wants it, where he wants-it, in the -exact.quantity lie wants it. is master .oi his own destiny, He has taken the question mark out of -agriculture, and put the dollar sign in its-place. Grow Alfalfa and Grow Rich kind of farm produce, returns than cereal makes the soil richer, __________ i properly started it is almost climate proof. It is an ideal crop for irri- gated lands, and particularly suited to Southern Alberta. Buy An Irrigated Farm from the Canadian Pacific Railway Prices from an cash over twenty years, if you want that long, with the privilege of repayment when settled communities, good markets, schools low taxes, soil and climate unexcelled. Farms with improvements, ready for occupation, in some districts, or a loan of for improvements, il prelerred. Write for Free Illustrated Booklet and Map of Irrigation District in Southern Alberta X, General of Canadian Pacific Railway Lands. Desk 41, Department of 'Natural Uesources Building Calgary Canada, ;