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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 11, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta I'HID.VY, MAY 11, 1917 TltE LETURRHX1R DAILY HF.HALH PAGE NINE FLY MENACE MORE DEADLY THAN ZEPPELINS la the commercial form and used either dry or la solution U Is used In the proportion of Ihree-finiit; of a pound to every eight bushels or Leu cublo feet ot manure Immediately on Its removal from the barn. The bast method or applying the borax Is to dust the dry chemical over tho manure, particularly around Ihe outer edges ol the pile, by means 01 a Mour-stfler or aud after- >tirdk sprinkle two or three galluus ol water over the mm. ure. f ID the BlableE chloride ot lime has been' fousi! effective and Ihe use of Lay of commercial dls- Infactaota will assist lu the reduc- tion of dies. Otber neceasary measures are the of all open privies and circ In Ihelr maintenance; the aereeafng of dairies ami coKihedn general cleanliness in itables and dWrta. through Thesa. couM be largely enforced by (he licensing authorities and should be to controlled through, llceniea, In country house and cottage Ihe general principles which have been outlined should be applied, especially In.themaintenance of Ihc outdoor and the care of garbage. HUfflSSKSIEPS Ixmdon, May submarine menace and iho slops ihc admiralty Is taking to deal with It were bmuubt before the houbo of common3 today In a, scrleE of Ia reply Thomas J. MrXamara, financial sec- retary of the admiralty, said It was uol in the public interest to diicloao what proportion of vessels Bunk had been armed. Ho said, however, thai uzrcbent vessels were being armed as rapidly as possible. All posilble steps were being taken by the admiralty, Mr. McNamara, con- (limed, to accelerate iha tool ships Into port, lie relied Hut the resources at the disposal of the navy did not permit of ati Individual escort for every vessel conveying L ___ I bul said tbo admiralty had dona ev- erything which was possible and prac- ticable 10 uroleci them. Fire did damage lo 'the eitent of fnO.OOO to the nlant of (ho Shoe company al Montreal. Rid the Skin of disfiguring bltmishes; by qnidU? purifying the blood, impiovuig the cir- culation, and regulating the habits wiih PILLS HQllSE-FLY CQirROL (By C. Gordon Doin.ii- The ot undertaking house- fly clinical 'work early cannot bo too strongly urged. The Dearly flies arc (he'progenitors of .'I lie millions thai come later In tlie season. Prevention of breeding and prevention of Infec- tion arcane In house- fly control. 'The chief facts In regard -to the breeding of houEO-flies arc now geneViMy known. They facts regarding-thalr ability to rJlsaermnalo the emulative organisms of fever, cholera, tuberculosis, dyEcn- leiy and" other diseases arc [irmly Ike evidence' that thoy -aro .important factors lu Ibe spread ot Infantile diarrhoea ivblch carries of! eo great a of Infanta every summer IB Irrefutable. The rpllowinE noies arc primarily Intended lu as a guide to those who ari planning to conduct 'cam- paigns durjdg the coming season for tbo further suppression of house- rl have also includeJ rcfercncea .ij certain recent Investigations .hav- ing ft special on tbe carriage of dle'cise K is -generally jli it the chief manner In which, Ihe carry thu bacterial and other; disease-causing Is ujjon Lhejr legu, proboscis and oth- er axle'rnal parts of Lliolr bodies. during the iasl'lhrec or Tour-year's on tbe bact'arla-carry- Ing power of the house-fly have ilcm- IhaL the danger of nles carrying internally, that Is. ITI' ami intestines. Is much igreiler! than that Involved' iu the: carriage bj bacteria externally on Ihclr legs. H has beoo found thai "ceV.Rln, non-spore -forming batlprlB, "iich .KB tlie ba- cillus, Jive i grenler .e'nglh of time dlgeattvo tract of Ibe fly thai; on ttiiF) legs, wlnfs hend, Vihea flies feed upin InCecled niatter'fiucK as excreta Infected with bacjlll. or sputum containing {he bacillus, bacteria arc falteii, (nto tbe dtgcsllvo tract where ihcy'.rniiy rend kin h. condition for Bome'.Ume..' Graliam-Smitn fdunrt lliat (lie faeces' of Iho fly were Infect- ed divys It bad fed on In- fectcrl.mi'lerfaf. Not only ure the bac- Jerm riepdft.ted Jin the fkccca of the fly, 'commonly Vuown as> "fly but Mtes hkVe Lhc habit of fcBureltaL- 'tholr food In the form of small A Public Health A jlttlfi EyatemMlc trouble and "ft frttitng cytcnao will entirely 'oUmjnma tnc Viouso. fly nnrl will go "m long -KSfY lo tniprovo (hu tho W'e.hiife all uic' materials hoUle, we fe, CrouDroi drops of' TO mil, .which liad been fed ou-milk'gave on Uie average 2S.3 vomit, spots aud 2.5 faecal spots in 24 iiours, fed on colored food thoy continued to, vomit such colored lood "-rpr.vza houravaller feeding. These Ta'plB con'cefnlhs' the length of lime during which flics which have fed on -Infected matter, may retain si.nil. must bo taken In conjunction, wltb tbe distance vtiich fllee may travel and spread ,sucli Jafectldn. I have found in experiments with" marked flies in OtlRwa that under city conditions flies n111 travel at.least half a mile from the point ot liberation, and under rural condUlons.'lhcy will travel a mile or more if the meteorological condition's anTfavorible. it vill be under Blood, therefore; that files miy the Infection a. ,conBlderable distance during Uie period when they are Infective. The enormous number or bacteria. carried files'and tbe gross nature of tlie infection carried by -files col- lected ID insanitary districts as com- pared Kith flirt occurring lu more sanitary. GiirrouiHluiRe Etrlbinfly Indicated by the of Coxf Lewis'and Glynn In Liverpool (Ecg.) in 1P12 and In'the ;tummer of 1913 by Dr. ArmalroDtJn New York. On tllea ia lnsanllar> congested .districts in Liverpool, Cox Glynn found the number of aerobic bacteria i varied from SOO.OOO to fly; 'files from cleaner, less congested districts carried from lo luQ.OOO bac- teria per fly. A. ipeclal elimination for bacteria of Intestinal origin, indl- Vallng, as a rule, faecal ronlamlna- tlon, showed ihaV'.Uio files, from the sanitary diElrlcts were carrying tronMOfOQp bacteria per fly while the files from the more sanitary diilrlcU' carried from 100 lo bacteria per fly. In connection %Uh- a. demonalra- lion lu New York In 19i3 of the effect of fly siippreBHion In the reduc- tion of Infantile 'diarrhoea, In whici two city blocks were taken, one being "cleaned-up" and rendered w Hylesi as possible and the other un- touched; bacterial .counlsrot files made. "The airerage number o bacteria (agar from files In the clean, h'qutes was per fl> and from tHe dfriy'houftea bacltria per fly, .The are rage num you with the preparations as outlined in the recipes on this page I Shall glad tA have you phone yoiit or- r TW Kenny-Allin THE DRUO-lfeOK 4TORE NEXT .HOTEL twr of Inlesllnal orfanUtns per ny rora the clean bouses was ompared-wltli 292.117 per Hy. from he dirty bouses. The foregoing results bacteriological piamlnallon of "wild" lies.- teat li, files caught in the' lien "and Dot artificially iDfecled, re too significant to reciulre any urlliec explanation aud are a sJlti- clent proof of tiie statement that Very fly li a germ carrier. No'fly Is ree from cerms ana the greater the >pporlunllles a community provides or tlie Infection of llio flies, Ihe greater and the uiore serious wil) their. Infective _'htt house-liy is l.Tjer ot any community. H is Ihe protect Ing' the pauibUliy ot nuisance and X CLOSETS: Thie open ctotel a breeding place and source of disease. con La ml oal Ion, .especially from ''iy- pbold jConslmciipri." The open closet should be fly-proof In. every partic- ular.- "Maintenance, The wet meihcil ct excreta disposal is prefer able to earth disposal as. the' Utter Is not absolutely safe; files can emerge from njaterlal burled under sercral Inches of earth. Our eiperlmenU nave shown that, they wil, emerge from a depth of two feet hclnu the Gurface of Ihc eoll. GARBAGE AND ORGANIC REF.JSB: accitmulallon should reinoved as soon as possible to prevent spring; breeding of flies, should institute of Insanitary conditions and accord !ngly the question o[ ftg suppression is primarily a sanitary one. The sanitary status or i city" can Prery community udecd uy the abundance or scarcllyja. cleaning up'_ day of house-flies. Prevention of tireed- ng" and infectliiii Is Hie most im: porlanl step In Iiouse-lly suppression' (no expression "Swat Uie Fly" and the competition! ulilch have taken place for tlie killlnp of lies havo served a good purpose in focusing public attention on' the necessity of removing this evil; it cannot tie emphasized loo strouRly tUt the killing ol the flies tnem- selves. except al the beginning .o[ tlie ny.Kaion, really uselKs arid about aa effective as the efforts' of Ihe old lady to sweep fanner cannot alnayi rnnOTe II al frequent Intervals, and alternative method of treating the' manure with an laMctlcldal tne qimttoi to the effect of Die InsectleMe u feiillltlnc iropertlei of .the raaaure. It the farmer can cart the auaart avay from (tne barns and apread immediately on the land the. problem It very greatly mlnl- Tbe mreatJamtloin of Dr. Ihe Dmtilix ChnBltt that tie itorlag of >aaore Us MnrUI -Tae moit affect (T? lent la a le of by law Stated It Taste, Refinement and Value the cardinal factors in lending (listiiirtioii to the fine jewelry that we ihave atsncmbled liere nww for arid for anniversary have a iwsrfertly beautiful tlisnlay of fine gems for engagement rings in the nioHtnir-loHlate settings of gold and iilaliinmi. designs in brooches, lavallieres, necklaces, bracelets, watchett. and ropes of jwarls. _ weddings or anniversary gifls we have a distinguished collection for fine silver pieces, Sheffield, nrt goods ami leather goods. You (he class and '-beauty of' showing all theuiore' of the extremely attached. v. i. l: SPECIALIST IN CHARGE THI! CITY'S i.EAOING JEWELEtt OF MABRIA.QE DEPAKTMEIST. ESTABLISHED ;