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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 10, 1915, Lethbridge, Alberta MARKETS July October wh.at July oat. WEATHER High Low Foreca.t: Fair and warm Several Hostile Air Craft Drop Bombs at South- end and Leigh London, May 10.-lncomi.iB pass tngers on trains from Southcnd, a [seaside resort in Esses, report ai air raid there in which serious prop- erty damage was done and which caused some loss ol Hie. Two Zeppelins are to have dropped bombs on West SearSoiithend. but no fatalities hav, been reported. Warning ot the approach of hostil, aircraft was given bouthend at I.a o'clock this mornins. Severn! "J" chinos took part in the raid but vrt ALL ASPECTS OF Washington, D.C., May s.-Presldent IVlleon, upon whom the eyes of the world are focussod at the present mo- ment studied qulel. seclusion today tho aspects of law and fact In con nectlon with tho sinking b.y il German torpedo of the British liner Lusitania, with a consequent Joss of many 'lives. The great human tragedy, coupled with the responsibilities of the hour caused the president to deny himself to all callers, evon t'j members of his official family, while he turned over in his mind the course to be pur sued hy the United States govern- ment in one of the most serious crisis in history. Realizes Need of Firmnets The only glimpse ot tho workings of the President's mind was given when the White House tonight Issued its first formal comment upon the disas- ter. The announcement was made that the President realized the coun- LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA. MONDAY, MAY, 10 1915 NUMBER 126 E is cm THE "SCHAP OF PAPER" MAX A recent picture ot Von. Bethmannflollweg, German Imperial Chancel- lor In military attire. AUSTRIA CLAIMS A VICTORY Vienna, May was officially announced here that Hungary has been entirely freed from Russians who are, It is claimed, in full re- treat over the Galician frontier between the Lupkow and Uzsok passes. American Passengers While Blaming Germans for Horror Also Criticize Ship's ident of Line Has Faith in Captain r they Zeppelins lliey watt; planes the residents were unable to state, as the weather was cloudy. Bombs struck houses ii> valiou. parts of the town, but no deaths have been reported. One mau and his were badly burned in a flic started by an incendiary homo. One resident told of bombs dropping near his home, none ol Which caused several 'shops vrero DULIIOU a town near Southend. Four Zeppelins we said to kave dropped forty or fifty bombs there. Wilt- U1UU CKW llcolutiiL aoro- try expected him to deal with the sit- UVILV ii__MI. iTtnll damage. It Is reported that burned at 1" ed tor of Germany's lateat'pttateai'iwt, is finding vent In vigorous denuncia- tion Vine easy .Uie allowed Herman fciteraes'in the detention camp here. jfanv. were the expressions ot in- dignation heard on all sides on Sat- urday and Sunday over the fact that the internes are allowed to stroll about the town and partake of privi- leges which they believe should not be permitted. In o the fact that the officer in charge ot the eamp here states that to his knowledge none of the internes have ever heen inside tars, citizens state that they have seen the interned officers several times drinking in bars while tho guards remained outside or went in with them. ''No German prisoner will ever drink in the bar here aiain IJ I know said one well known hotel manager, on Saturday. The general opinion Js that the in- ternes should be under.much stricter regulation, and made to realize that they are prisoners of war, that if regulations permit privileges to he extended them, the regulations should he changed. nation, "with deliberation as well with firmness." The statement fol- lows "After a conference with the Presi- dent at the White House this even- Ing Secretary Tumulty said: "Of course, tho president feels the distress and the gravity of the situa- ,lon to the utmost, and Is considering very earnestly, hut very calmly, the right course of action to pursue. He cnows that the people of the country wish and expect him to act with de- liberation as well as with firmness." Boat Had No Guns One important fact that was defin- itely ascertained hy the Washington government today from the port auth- orities at New York, who gave clear- ance to the ihe car- ried no guns, either mounted or un mounted, in accordance with the cau- tion of the State department and the iBritllh government early In the war This disposed In the minds of offi- cials of the claim that the German jubmarino had a-right to' attack the .Lusitaniate.oa.UBe she was an auxiliary or a -converted .cruiser; Cunard line are un- derstood- to have stated that the ins- Itania was not convoyed. Policy of itate. The position of the United States VICTORIA UNDER MARTIAL LAW; SOLDIERS HEAD MOB IN ATTACK ON GERMANS VERDICT OF MURDER Kinsale, May the Inquest in he Lusitania disaster, the jury's ver- dict was one of murder against the ierman government. EXPRESSES Washington, May Voh Bernstorff, the German am- bassador, called on Secretary Bryan today and expressed deep regret that the events of war had led to the loss of so many lives. He did not mention the Lusitania disaster. 645 SURVIVORS Washington, May cable the State Department to from Consul with American by crdsr of tho American consul. CRITICIZE OFFICERS London, May of the Lusitania arriving in London yestor- lay from Queenetown told some of .heir tragic experiences. They forci- bly expressed the opinion that the Lus- tania was badly handled in being run nto waters where it was known sub- marines were waiting. Although not for a moment attempting to shift the jlame from the "murderous Germans' for the sinking of a ship full of inno- cent passengers, they insist that the officers of the steamship knowing that hat Mrs. Barnard, wife of the Lieu- tonant-Governor, is the daughter ot Mr. Loewen, a German. A detachment of sroops has heen ordered here from Vancouver to reinforce the local force, most of whom depart for the front this week, and it was feared the remainder would he powerless to. control the niob. Victoria, B.C., May is under martial law today, as a result of renewed attacks upon German estab- Hshmenes by mobs .bent on revenging the sinking of the Lusiiania. After a mob of several thousand men and boys had smatied the win- dows-last night in the Phoenix Brew ery, the New England Hotel, Kilber- ger's jawe'llry store, Harmann's clean- has been that the presence of con- arms and ammunition to the rules of internation- al law, including the declaration of London which Germany, has upheld, can not warrant the staking of a. mer- chantman without the previous exer- cise ot the right ot visit and, search and the removal of noncombntants to a place of-safety. The government stated this in its last note to Germany, and at the same time Issued s.warn- ing that the imperial German -govern- ment would be held "to ,a strict, ac- Stability" by the United gtatfes for any loea of American .vessels or lives. Major Sharman is ReportedWounded May 10-Word has_been re- ceived that -Major C. B. L Sharman, of Ottawa, has .been wounded in ac- tion. He was in command of me first battery, first brigade, .and in charge of men from Victoria, Leth- trouble oca 'eared. The Phpenlic Brewery virtual- 1 y was wrecked, the mob doing its Work before the soldiers reached the scene. So far as known no one was in- red. Mob Hotels Victoria, BVQ.: May 10. A crowd of four or five hundred strong on Satur- day gave expression to the local of indignation over the drowning of the Lusitania passengers by raiding the premises of the Deutsche Ye'reiu and the Blansark- tiotel, .formerly the Kaiserhof. Led by1 a large party of soldiers in uniform, the' mob broke down the ddors: of the German club and dragged all the furniture- to the street, where smashed to atoms. They then started, carrying a picture of King George before them, and amid cheers that could not be checked by the ilian or the military population, made for the Blansard Hotel. Making their way to the bar short work was made of the interior, cutglass, etc. By this time the assembly had in- creased in size. Tho ringleader had been joined by others, and the author- ities were confronted with a difficult problem. The Fire department was asked to turn out to give the mob a shower bath, hut the firemen absolutely re- fused. As far as is known, no one was ser- Frost, Queenstown, places the tola survivors at 645. Probably twelve hundred are lost. Persons not listed to the department, he adds, are al most certainly dead. Washington, Mayq 10.-Off.cial ad vices to the Stale Department put the known number of American survivors of the Lusitania at eighty. CONFIDENCE IN CAPTAIN Liverpool, May 10.-Chas Booth chairman of the Cunard S. S. Com pany today gave the folowmg state ment to the Associated Press: "With Reference to represented by Lusitania passenger, I shall not at- empt to draw conclusions until all he facts are known, and therefore depreciate criticism which jased only on astumption. iously hurt. Damage variously istirnated at be- tween J20.000 and was done to the wholesale premises of Messrs. Simon Leiser Co. The premises of Mr Moses Lenz on Yates street were attacked and the crowd lootel large quantities of the contents, and ;did like- wise to the Tv'hoiesale' premises former- ly managed by Karl Lowenberg, German consul here. gyracune, N.V., May Theodore Roosevelt last ntght gave out-the fol- lowing statement: "On the niglit of the flay that the disaster occurred, I called the attention ot our people to the fact th'at the sinking of the Lusi- tanla was not only an act of piracy, but that it represented piracy .accom- panied by murder on a vaster scale than any old-time pirate had ever 'practised before being hanged for his misdeeds. "I called attention to the fact that this was merely the application on the hi4h seas, and at our expense, of the principles which; when applied on land had produced the innumerable hideous tragedies that have occurred In Belgian and In northern France. "I said that not .only duty to human- ity at large, hut our duty to preserve our own national self-respect demand- ed instant action on our part and for- bade all delay.- I can do little more than reiterate nhat I then said 'When the German decree establish- ed the war zone and, of course, plain- ly threatened exactly the type of trag- edj which has occurred our ment notified Germany that in the ev- nit ot such wrongdoing at the pense of our citizens wo would hold the German government to a strict ac- countabilii) use of this phrase, 'strict ac- countability, of course must mean lind can only nican that action will he taken hi use without an hours un dclaj It was emmentlj proper to use the exact phrase that was used and having used it oui own lour years Major Sharman was member of the R.N.WJM.P. a sortion of that time he was secretary to CommiBBloner Perry, He has Men service in the South African war with Major Bishop. While with the mounted police UB' was. quartered for a time at and he narrow y eBcaped death iby drowning when th.e .teamer Islander sank. He married a aiater of W. C. Beitschen, of the Provincial highways department, He iina. Pity Roosevelt is Not President Says N.Y, Herald New York, .May 10. The Herald this morning appears jvith .turned lelfremect abiue forth s mon rules on each ot.-its 21 pages. each page oi the main section- in in black border arc thei .words, In memoriam, American women, and children lost oh board .the Lusi- na the editorial page there vert short paragraphs reading, "What i pity Ircodorc Roosevelt is not pre mdent of the United States Other paragraphs on the same read, What is President go me to do about it'" On the editorial page also unler the caption 'In memoliam to till Ameucan women and children drown- ed aboard the Lusitania AU.o an article stating that 'The countn has counted its dead and calculated its losb" and concluded "and now the reckoning The editorial is set >n I italics and leaded. The tenders for the Lethbridge rural mail delivery close on May 21.' The system consists of. four routes: the first, south of Kinp and Coalhurst, is 23 miles long; the second, 21 miles ong, runs directly .east of the city in- to the Coaldale district; the third route runs northeast along the right side of the Lethbridge riyer. It is 21 miles in extent. The fourth sel ves the country southeast of the city and1 is 30 miles long. The regulations define that the routes must be gone over four times a week, on Monday, .Wednesday- Friday and Saturday. A suitable ve- hicle must be used, and the rate must he over four miles per hour, including stopages. Tile rural postman must be. a verit- able travelling post He must sell stnmps, issue money orders, .etc., and do practically tile business of; a post office. The post boxes must be on the mail route. Farmers living some distance from the route may put a post box section corner. Mail may he collected and delivered without the postman, getting out of his conveyance. The rural mail delivery promises to a great thing lor the farmers, .as uiey will be able to phone orders into town and have them sent out by parcel post. The merchants should also ben- efit hy this increase in mall order trade. The rural mail delivery system is re- sponsible for its origin to Commission- er Tracy, who last year proposed tlio scheme, and worked It up. The Board of Trade continued the agitation and W A Buchanan made a strong argument in its favor ut Ottawa. Ceases all War Preparations tokio, May Japanese Foreign office announces that it has received official notification that-China has accepted the de- mands contained in the Japanese ultimatum. The Japanese government an- nounced that the naval and mlli- tary.. .movements in connection with the Chinese situation had been cancelled. Fears Impulses, Reserves Sentence Calgary, May Thaden, a German settler of the Hussar colony was. this morning found! guilty of a charge of aiding one Von Wiseman an officer in the German army, by sending him boxes which contained arms after war Ihetween Great Britain and Germany had been declared. -Mr. Justice Walsh' who delivered, judg- ment in the criminal court found him not guilty i aiding one Krull, a Ger- man reservist to return to Germany. In postponing sentence until Friday, May 21, the Judge said that he did so because he desired that the man should be punished for the offence he had committed and for that alone, and that alone, and .that 'he felt so strongly over the unspeakable infamy of the prisoner's fellow countrymen in sinking the Lusitania that he thought le-should not sentence him there and then.: "I am administering British justice in a British said Hi? Lordship "and I do not want a sus- picion of revenge for that awful burt- ality to ibe connected wtih the sen- tence I shall give this man." can be In the jased only on meanwhile I can only state that I h.ve complete confidence In Capt. Turners JUd9CAPT'! HAD INSTRUCTIONS London. May Hon. Winston Spencer Churchill, first Lord of the Admiralty, stated in the House of Commons this afternoon that Capt Turner of the Lusitania had acknow- ledged receipt the messages from the Admiralty h.im warning submarines were lurking off the Irish coast, ought to have taken a different path to avoid all danger. The criticisms of the one hundred survivors, among whom were fifty Americans, were as follows: the Lusitania sleersd straight into the way of submarines, by Captain Turner not running the ship in a more southerly course as he aproached the Channel. That, instead of the Lull- tania being speeded at the top notch of 25 knots an hour, she slackened speed on nearing the Irish coast, thus allowing the submarines more easily to rlo their deadly work; her speed at the time she was torpedoed was esti- mated bv the passengers at about IS knots an" hour. Statements have also een made on good authority that one ection of the Uusitania's bollert was hut down, and that consequently she ould not make over 22 knots, or in a rief spurt, 23. Despite the knowledge of he proximity of submarines, which ad been seen off the Irish coast 24 hours before, no convoy was given That the Lusitania'a offi- ers were apparently oblivious to v PERISH ON Many Infants Die in ihe Cold Sea Water When Ship is Sunk I YOUNGS HAVE PERISHED Absolutely no word, has been recelied up to the present time of the safety of and Mrs Young, parents of Mrs Lmd say of this city. It is believed that they are numbered among those that have perished. London, May Illustrated London Herald of. Cork says there were on the Lusitania fifty babies who were less than 13 months old, and more than 100 others whose ages did not reach two years. Nearly all have been drowned. "The ba.bies were the talk of the shir; and everybody tried to look after them when the time came. There are numerous cases recorded where both fired passengers and crew stripped them- pedoeswere tirea. Germans Flee in Thousands From Italy Berne, Switzerland, via Paris, May iO." 3.40 p.m.-----It is estimated that ten thousand Germans from Italy have crossed the Swiss frontier Saturdav and Sunday. .Four thousand arrived at LAiganp alone tne and directions for the .'course he was Queenstown, May Capt. after the first was afraid, of more and following-an .-examination, declared that "the: life boats-.should not be lowered as the ship wal' In a condition to make the Irish coast. This statement was made today Dy James J. Leary, of Eighth Avenue Brooklyn, who declares that he was standing near the ladder leading to he bridge and heard the capta.r. lis ship was. not mortally hurt. Whv No Escort? was standing with D: King, a dir ctor of my firm, Borkaw Bros whose body I have just said Mr Leary "when I felt the shook from the first torpedo. The captain or dered an examination. On recelvin! the report he said in our hearing tha he had closed certain bulkheads .whicl would render the ship sea-worthy Jong enough to reach an Irjsh port and con sequently he would not order lowerln the Capt. Turner had bare y finished speaking when a second torpedo struck Within five mlp utes I was in the sea fighting to kee mv head above water. Two thing. "il to understand, why the order for general lowering of the boat. wa. not given, and why ships are not pro- vided with a convoy when close to the Irish coast." D. A. Thomas, the great Wel.h coal owner, left here this afternoon for Cardiff, with his daughter, Lady Mackworth, who is still very 111 as a result of three hours "spent in the water. Mr. Thomas declined to re- late his experiences, saying that he had too easy a time to be interesting. No passengers could be found who had seen a .submarine after the tor dead have been cers were apa attack In falling to- have the passengers drilled, the officer, b.- ng accused of giving no to pas- sengers' smaestions.that a drill i was needed, so. as to know do In event, of the vessel -being tor- jedoed." There was not a passenger among the Ken and women survivor., but plainly showed the physical effectt .of their harrowing experience. Nearly all of them had been in the water from Atnr 250 anxiou. friend. waited at Eurton and Paddmgton .tation. to meet the and asked about loved one. from whom no word yet come. The .cene at both station, wa. trembly P'tlful. Man broke Into tear. i a. the remb nd women were half h a. the nd women were survivors emerged from the GOVERNMENT MUST STAND i nrinn Mav tmltania insured for about Of thi. amount the British mder the war ri.k "rely American insurance. SOME GERMANS DROWNED London, May weekly say. a ,a Detective Pi.rpont of Liver- poo? arrerted three German, aboard the Lu.itama. When the .hip wa. torpedoed they were drowned. NO EFFECT UPON COMMERCE, Beyond anger at the German., the catastrophe has had no effect British people. Steamer, are arriv- and departing a. usual and even the steamers to Ireland are being free- ly patronized. ess and about 150 of the infants, it is calculated, died from exposure. TJiey were afterwards seen floating in the water with lifebelts tied around their little bodies, but they were past sav- 'Their mothers .recovered conscious- ness in the rescuing boats only to find that the little ones they were-hugging to their bosoms were dead. One moth- er lost all her three young children, one six, one four and the third a baby in arms six months old. She herself lives She held un the three of them in the water; shrieking for help. When rescued tz'a boat party.the two oldest children wcre'dead." ______ Germans Admit Sinking Ship; Blame Owners CANNOT PROVIDE ESCORTS CONGRESSMEN MAY RUSH Honolulu, TH, Mat 9-In view of the grave situation caused by the tor pedomg of the Lusitania, and the pos sibihtj of an extra session ot Congress being called, the congressional party eng cae, touring islands discuss ed a to secure the cruiser Mary- for a rush trip to San Francisco London, May Church- ill "said today that a Board ot Trade inquiry; will be .held to determine the circumstances attending the loss of the Lusi tania. "In the1 meantime-It-is premature to discuss the mat He continued: "But I must make it plain that in no circum stance will it be possible to make public the naval disposi- tions for pati ol'ing our coast Our resources do not enable us to pnnlde destroyer escorts for mail and passenger ships Berlin, via wireless to London, May 9, 2.45 following of- ficial communication was issued last night: "The Cunard liner Lusitania was yesterday torpedoed by a Ger- man submarine, and sank. "The Lusitania naturally armed with guns, as were recently most, of the English merchant steamers. Moreover, a. I. well known here, she had large quan- tities of war material in her cargo. Her owner., therefore, knew to STEERAGE IS AT PREMIUM New York, NY, May Am- erican liner Philadelphia, sailing foi mer the route travelled by the Lusitania, steamed away with full cabins, and with berths in the steer- age at a premium The usual scenes of animation at 'he pier were replaced, however, by an atmosphere more sub dued and sober The Philadelphia bad -aboard 9M passengers l L what danger the were exposed. They alone bear the re- sponsibility for what has hap- pened. "Germany, on her part, left nothing undone to repeatedly and strongly warn them. The Imper- ial Ambassador in Washington even went .o far a. to make a public warning, so a. to draw at- tention to thi. danger. The Eng- lish pre.. sneered then at thl> warning and relied on the pro- tection of the British fleet to guard Atlantic traffic." LUSITANIA WAS NOT ARMED London, May British government today made tha fol- lowing unnouncement: statement appearing to some newspapers that the Lu.ltanla, was armed is wholly J ;