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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta RUSSIA BOYCOTTS U.N. SESSION ON IRAN FINAL EDITION Weather CLOUDY TONIGHT VOL. 124. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 8, 1946 18 PAGE? COAL STRIKE CLOSES U.S. CAR PLANTS Session Is Ignored By Russjnvoy Council Defers Considera- tion of Iranian Case UntU Mav 20 CANADA'S BEEF IN Adamant And No End To Crisis Seen By FRANCIS Vf. CARPENTER NEW YORK, May The United Nations security council, with the Soviet dele- gate absent, today deferred con- sideration of the Iranian case until May 20. There -was no opposition to the resolution nut forward bv the United States. The council then adjourned indefinitely. Soviet Delegate Andrei A. Gromyko ignored the session to receive reports on the status of the evacuation by Red army troops. The council chairman an- nounced no report had been received from Russia, as re- of April L URGES DEFERMENT Then Edward R. Stettinius of the United. States presented a mo- tion that tije council defer further proceedings on the Iranian case and that Iran report by Hay 20 or soon- er on the real situation in Iran- Mr- Gromvko thus made good his threat voiced April 23 to refuse to discuss the Iranian case after the seluritv council rejected his de- mand "that the matter be cropped immediately from the agenda. Everv other delegate was present when the session opened at pjn. M.C.S.T. and the Iranian re- presentative Ambassador Husein Ala. was in the chamber. Chairman Hafez Af ifi Pasha took SESSION IS (Continued on Page Two.) Senate Rejects Loan-For-Bases Plan 45 to 40 WASHINGTON, May United States sen- ate rejected today a proposal by Senator Ernest McFarland (Dem.. Ariz.) to require Great Britain to yield title to Atlantic military bases and open other empire areas to American com- mercial use in order to obtain proposed loan. The vote was 45 to 40. The administration thus heat down what loan opponents re- garded as their strongest at- tempt to alter terms of the financial agreement with Bri- tain. Their victory apparently cleared the way for senate ap- proval of loan authorization legislation without major amendment, although some loan opponents voted against the amendment. Just before the vote. Senator Alben Barklcy. majority lead- er, told the senate that adoption of the amendment would "sound the death knell" of the pro- posed loan. The Left Hand Corner... Guards Injured In Alcatraz Riots Three guards injured in pitched battle with desperate convicts trying to break out from dread Alcatraz island prison in San Francisco bay, are pictured awaiting treatment. Left to right, in cars: coats: aimus tested in a wneeicnair; Eerschel Oldham, note blood-spattered coat and tie, and battered face, and Robert Sutter. War Over--But No Peace PROSPECTS DK BIG FOUR FAIL AGREE IN PARIS By JOHN It HIGETOWER, Associated Press Diplomatic Reporter. The world observed the first anniversary of victory in .furope today without war but also without peace. In fact, the best estimate cf diplomatic authorities in Wash- ington is K may be several Vote 167-6 Loan To G.B. Britain's For Time. THE sensational figures just given to the British House of Commons by the Chancellor of the Exchequer palpably impressed even that assembly, blase as it has become, as the result of two world wars, to taxation on what it is now usual to describe as astron- omical levels says the London cor- respondent of the Ottawa Journal. In 1913-14. the financial year before the First World War, taxa- tion per head of our population was ils 4d. Today it stands at the intimidating figure of 3s 7d per head- A Scottish Conservative M.P. inquired wnether the Chancel- lor could give any indication that this monstrous sum is likely to be reduced. Mr. Hugh Dalton was as silent the Delphic Oracle when confronted with an awkward teaser. The staggering fact, about taxation in peacetime at the level of per head, counting every- body.- infants included, is that we are stili bhtheiy piling up the na- tional expenditure and piling on the financial agony. From the program of the Social- ist Government one might imagine thet Mr. DaHon held the purse of Fonunatus. We are seriously up against a fundamental problem how far individual effort will sus- tain itself once crushm? taxation destroys incentive. It. la the old parable of the goose that laid the golden eggs. OTTAWA. May com- mons yesterday gave emphatic ap- provaf to the Canadian loan to Britain and then resumed consideration of a Progressive Con- servative amendment to incorporate a "bill of rights" in the Canadian citizenship bill. A long, drawn-out debate on the loan, featured by the opposition of a handful of French-speaking mem- bers, was concluded when the house voted 167-6 to give the enabling bill third and final reading. The mea- sure now awaits senate approval. The discussion 011 a bill of rights developed at the night sitting when John Diefenbaker (P.C., Lake Cen- tre) opened debate on his amend- VOTE 167-6 (Continuea on Page Two.) years before real conditions of peace are restored among coun- tries. The prospects even for this, thev say. nave been dark- ened by" the evident failure of the foreign ministers confer- ence in Paris to make progress on European peace settlements. The situation in Europe is matched in Asia by the dispute between the Chinese Commun- ists and the Central govern- ment; and in the Middle East bv the tensions over the war- bom Palestine crisis revolving around proposals ror admit- tance of Jewish refugees to the Holy Land. MAT SPLIT EUROPE There is widespread belief among both American and for- eign diplomats that the Pans foreign ministers' conference actually may result in splitting Europe for a long time between the western Allies and Russia, rather than in unifying it in peace. Conflict exists even on the relief of millions suffering by 'food shortages due partly to crop failures and partly to eco- nomic upheavals caused by the war. Russia thus far has re- frained from participating in Allied grain pools or even mak- ing available to co-operating nations the information as to whac food supplies she might have available if she did par- ticipate. REDS DISSATISFIED The Moscow radio commenta- tor "Analyzer" said today the Russian people are dissatisfied "with certain things going on in the world" on the anniversary of VE-Dav. In an English-language broad- cast commemorating the Euro- pean victory of 1945. the com- mentator cited as unsatisfactory the handling of alleged war criminals, the Trieste boundary dispute and the occupation of Germany. Four thousand United States trooos paraded today with two machine-guns and a few hun- dred rifles in bomb-scarred Frankfurt in observance of the anniversary. Shabbily- clad German civilians watched in stony silence. The "parade in. the headquar- ters city of the United States occupation zone featured only two armored both light patrol cars. German onlookers exchanged smazed whispers. A few doffed their hats when the American flag passed. Won't Lift Control Now OlltlOOk Continuing Market Poor 5ntam Now Paying Canada Twice What Argentina Beef Costs 3y JAMES McCOOS (Canadian Press Staff Water.) LONDON. May Unit- Kingdom is likely to require ail he beef Canada can ship in 1946. "S47 and possibly 1943 but further etention of the vast market gained by this Canadian product during ihe war will depend on price, food ministry spokesmen here declare, j During the first two months of [346 Canadian beef imported by i the United Kingdom totalled 487.- 606 hundredweight. In 1933 the average of imports of Canatiian beef j was just over l.COO hundredweight monthly. Canada now is the sec- end largest supplier of beef, sur- passed only by Argentina which shipped hundredweight to the firs! two months of 1946 at i prices substantially less than those of Canada. i WHAT OF FUTURE? j Asked for their opinion on future prospects for Canadian beef sales j in the United Kingdom when nor-: mal conditions return, the ministry j spokesmen replied: 'It is very difficult to say whe-' ther there will be a continued de- I mand for Canadian beef in thiss country in the future. j "It tnust be borne in mind that the price is very high, being about double That we pay other ptoduc- tos -countries ordinary times if Lhe -supply were, equal to ihe demand; we could not sConf w pay Canada as much as the United States would be willing to pay." Imports statistics indicated that prices MW being; paid Ar- gentina for beef are about half those paid Canada. In one classification, fore and hind quarters including bone, the im- port Talne of Canadian beef was more than a hundredweight more than that of Argentina. 5WVWJ HEAD SHIPPED This higher value was evident al- though Canadian beef cattle ship- j scents to the United States were halted during the war and CaJte- j dian prices therefore did not bene- I at from higher prices paid across' the border. In 1945 Canaaa pro-" cessed and sent overseas the equi- j valent of 500.000 head, more than twice as many as could be exported to the United States, when exports were under the quota established by Washington. Food ministry officials said Cana- dian beef received in the United Kingdom was used for "general OUTLOOK (Continued on Page Two.) Truman Is 62 I Ford and Chrysler Plants Prepare to Stop Virtually All Operations While More Railwaymen Be- come to Conserve All Possible Fuel in Eastern Coal Goes East PRESIDENT TRUMAN May L President Truman. 62. today_. "feels a' By HAROLD W. WARD WASHINGTON, May L. Lewis and his United Mine Workers (A-F.L.) refused to budge j an inch today from their original contract demands, forc- ing even more stringent government controls over the I United States fast-dwindling soft coai supplies. I Industry was hit harder. Ford Motor Company, su- spended "virtually all indefinitely because of the coal strike, curtailed rail transportation and parts j shortage. The shutdown hit workers. Chrysler i Corporation, indicated it may follow suit. The Association I of American Railroads reported about 51.000 railroad I men had been laid off in its ranks, and another in industries it serves. TEMPERS SHORTER The solid fuels administration re- Against such 3. background, fed- ported that even gas and oil, aow eral mediator Paul W. Fuller re- i under heavier demand than ever, doubled efforts to break the are becoming hard to gee because negotiations deadlock between Mr-, of transcortatian difficulties as rail- 1 Lewis and the mine oneratcrs and. reads slashed services requiring end the stobpase which i coal-bumins locomotives. i is keeninc 400.000 miners idle. The crippling effects of the strike Mr. Fuller met with no success in seemed to be building: up relerstless- his first efforts to formulate an ay to the bi? crisis which some gov- agreement on the question of SJ.-'j'ernment labor officials privately QOO.COO In holidav overtime which {lieve Mr. Lewis has Seen waiting for the miners insist is cue them. to srrensthen the bargaining posi- In legislative circles conaressioiial tion of his miners in the negotla- tempers grew shorter, and support tiocs with the operators. gathered behind demands that J If they are right, some "break. strike control legislation get No. I: may come soon. The temper of con- priontv unless a promct end to the; press to nut anti-labor legislation on. coai shutdown is effected. j the hooks may Mr. Lewis' de- John D. Small, civilian production j cision to bncs about a settlement, administrator, meanwhile set up an these labor officials suggest. office of emergency controls "to j WONT HEAT BUILDINGS I avoid collapse of utilities servicfs I OTTAWA. May Reconstruction Minister Howe said foday in the commons that unless coal nrodnction is re- Mimed in the United States soon the sitnation in Canada -will become very serious, and some industries will have to curtail their activities." Renlyins to Howard Green (P.C, Vancouver Mr. Howe the domestic sit- uation for next winter was more alarming than at any time dnrinsj the war years. The Impact of the United State? or lifted "as soon as possible. The i cn fact some controls were continued did not remove the onus of leader- NO ADVICE ASKED OTTAWA Mav 8__ t? __ Prime ihin from business. j Minister Mackenzie King said today. "It now admitted by almost j in the commons that Canada hsa j everyone that she stats cannot as- j neither given nor been asked for Jaime the resppnsiouity for seep.ns advice on the Bnzish decision to! employment au a nigh ,____.Hoc a- B.C. LUMBERMEN PLAN withdraw military forces Egypt. He from John Bracken. to a 10 a as r, Irom same time 'general policies which a'.cne can 'regressive __. 4 OHP O'T >VlV 1 Tfc M A V7 1 f? MAY 15 J. A Conservative leader, who quoted a nr-ri nan: T-PTV.I-T Br.tam had OUTLOOK Sskh.N VANCOUVER. Ma-r O Aa-. A stnxe ve._ 370CW workers in Brr.ishj showed 92 per cer.-. jr. favor, r. had Columbia's lumber will so. teen announced by -.he union. _ j ui.Ai.wn. oc.c..'. on strike Wednesday. May 15. un- j ynp latest propolis press report declaring Britain had ..A ngw olltlooK ,s sjjaclr.jj the a seKlemer.t is reached in Iheir week also a] taken the action consuUajoa cconomjc oj our ume; But i cvspute ailh :he emplc-i-ers. r. was of the irsdusirj x; the commions to n eanphaticaJij clear' announced Tuesday bv Harold by :he B.C.] VO1 ES AGAINST OLEO 'that as far as the govermr.tnt of Pnic'nctt district president of :ne i ady will not tell her age, That is, if she's at all discreet, But I thank God I am, at last, Too old to ride in a rumble seat. The trucker was very much sur- prised to get a call from a man THE LE5T HAND (Continued on Page 16.) _ Coal shipments from the Man- from those areas was being used to best advantage. Some of the pro- duction was directed to coke two or th-ee ueeks after the coal tariot. designed to supplement pnvate' Both Government Leader replace Wholesale stock? in Canada were art Robertson and Senator rapidly being depleted and these Haig. Progressive stock "piles like- those of ihe rail- leader, voted against the motion ways snd industries, would be diffi- Speaker J. H. King rule cult to replace. an amendment by Senator Bench (L, Ontario) was out times and Alberta now were on an order on the second reading. The emergency basis and production amendment would nave permitteu making or importing of ganne until Aug. 1, 1948. and sale of it until Aiig 1, 1949. companies to help them meet gas Senator Bench notice that demands and to supply fuel for he would revive his motion later if householders next wuttcr. 'the bill passed. to abandon imperial preferences. As z practical example of his de- on controls the oieomdr- mlnister announced that effective immediately no fee would be charged for export permits. It did WONT "LIFT (Continued on Page N EWS J3ULLETINS "BLACK BUZZARD- MOVING ON LETHBRIDGE Changeable Southern Alberta weather made a quick shift Wednes- day afternoon as a sudden dust storm swept out of the northwest, reducing visibility in Calvary to "zero-zero." The storm, which was moving at a rate of between and 43 miles per hour, hit Calgary at p-m. It was expected to reach Lethbridge some lime between four and five o'clock. ONLY IZ HOURS' SUPPLY SOFT COAL ON HAND IN U-S. WASHINGTON. May Oviiian Production Ad- ministration reported today that emergency soft coal stocks available Tor government distribution arc less than the United States ssormaUy would consume in 13 hours. C.F.A- Adminssratar John D. Small asserted that the U.S. faces a "crippling coal shortage" which threatens "a complete breakdown in the flow of illuminating; elcclricit> and water to a number of the nation's REPORT FIGHTING BETWEEN IRAN TROOPS AND KURDS TEHRAN. May newspaper Annan Milli reported today an outbreak of fishtinst between the Iranian army and Xnrdis.h tribesmen in Kurdistan ar.d said San Jbulajrh. capital of the Ghan MaohammedX "Independent Kurdish had been bombed. "Heavj were reported at the city. FOOD BOARD TILL DEC. 31 iv Trunsaa and Ministers Attlce and Mackenzie Kin? annoanced today the Com- bined Food Board will be continued until next Dec. 31. In a joint statement, they >aid this was essential -because of the deterioration that has occurred in the world food situation in recent months and the reed to continue to control the distribution of many foods with a view to preventing widespread suffering: and The statement wa> issued simultaneously at the White House, Ta London The union president; atfcecJ trtf-t: i and jn oltawa. ]al! preparatior-s ha'-e! SAYS THREATENED LOGGER STRIKE IS ILLEGAL VICTORIA. May Minister Gcome S- Peaiscn todav described the threatened strike of leasers and sawmill workers in British Columbia as "iltejtal.- The Internitjonal Wood- workers of America ..C.I.O.-C.C.L.) hag called the strike for May 15 following a deadlock in negotiations with representatives of and sawmill operators. hour general wage increase, W- j affiliated uage campaigns and a I hour week and union secunty pro- j representative of the committee wui 1 visions in the 1946 agreement. be posted here. Leonard Res- Verret had condemned ncjro slayer who was saved from death last week by the faOure of Louisiana's portable electric chair. EWSPAPLR ;