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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 6, 1916, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOUR THE LET H BRIDGE D A11^1? E R A L D Xetbbtibge iJetalb Xctbbrt^fle> Hlberta cAtLY AND WEEKLY Subscription Rates: Dally, delivered, per week ..... 10c Dally, delivered, per year ......?6.00 Daily, by mall, per year........*3-00 ITeekly, ty mall, per year......�100 1252 1224 TELEPHONES Business OHlce ............ Editorial Office .......---- W. A. Buchanan John Torrance Managing Director Business Manager Your King- and Country Need You Right Now ROUND THE CIRCLE OF THE WAR The fresh attacks which have been launched against the PYench lines at Verdun have for the most part been repulsed. Military experts are pointing out that any attempt to take Verdun must end in failure, so strong are the fortifications and such is the nature of the country- The Kaiser, It Is also pointed out, is utilizing his remaining resources to the utmost now, in the struggle on the west. The Russians have broken the Turk lines again and have captured Bitlls, over 100 miles to the south of Erze-ram, which shows how far the Rus-Blan offensive has been carried. ICow that the senate has given its support to President W'ilson in his submarine negotiations, it is practically certain that congress will do so, and that the president will be left with a free hand to uphold the nation's (honor. Four thousand soldiers were lost when the French cruiser Provence Used as a transport, was s.unk. .THE MacDONALD CHARGES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA The charges made against the Bowser government in B, C, by SI. A. JIacDonald, newly elected member for Vancouver, are clear cut, and do not leave one with the impression that the member is just trying to stir up an Investigation in the hope of discovering something. The Kitsi-lano Reserve deal will be aired if Mr;. MaoDonald can bring it about, and It there Is a nigger in the wood pile he will be chased into the open. The MaoDonald charges are definite, are introduced In parliamentary fash. Ion, and show hiin to be the fearless fighter his reputation has had him. . Compared with the "below the belt" manner In which the Saskatchewan and Alberta charges were introduced, one feels that MacDonald knows what he. is going to find and how to go after It. of the Oemjan> movement on Yprea was held "i& mimerlcal weakness by British force that wavered between a minimum of .60,000 and a maximum of 150,000, For twenty-five days that force beat back and finally repulsed the onset of fourteen army corps, numbering not less than 1,000,000 men. The total German losses in action were 250,000, and the allied losses from Albert to Xleuport 100,-000 men; Including 40,000 Casualties in Britain's small force, Verdun is part of the pyramid system of defence planned by Joffre. The base of that pyramid Is the French front of 160 miles. The apex of thai pyramid is nlnot.v miles back in France. Inside the lines of that pyramid are 3,000,000 Frenchmen grouped in armies. A Canadian soldier relumed from the front declares Uiat the British soldiers will rejoice it the Germans maintain their great offensive at Verdun as long as tlie Uer-mans maintained their oltensive &t tho first battle of Ypre�: "It'll cost tliem dear and get tlfem nowhere," said a Canadian sergeant. "We had a great offensive, and gained a lot of ground at Festubert. The ground wo gained was strewn with our dead in a proportion of four of us to one of* the Germans. That's what happened around Verdun, and the longer the attack goes on the better it will be for us." War has revealed the real military genius of Joffre, Just as war has disclosed the real naval genius of Lord Fisher. The Germans arp fighting on ground of Joffre's choosing. Tlie French are in adequate force. Their railway system and distribution of armies enable Joffre to secure a superiority of man power and artil-lerj- power at any decisive point of attack. Joffre is not yet defeated, his defensive plans smashed, nor any division of his army overwhelmed. IJethbridge citizens are evidently not  enamoured with chlorinated water. It has a smelly taste. The Moewe story told by Berlin is one we would rather believe than search for proof. ' Tomorrow is Tuesday and will be written in red Ink on the pages of history of the women of Alberta. Every snowfall like Sunday's means money to the South Alberta farmer. It- looks like as it 1916 would be a repeater. Farm laborers are demanding $50 and leo a month for their services for the spring and summer. It looks like a serious situation for the farmers. "HANDS ACK08S THE SEA." MpI^DiAY,;MAJilGH 6,oro ruin than was wanted during the harvest season last year. Hundreds of acres of wheat around Horton were never cut owing to the continued wet weather during harvest.,. Samples of wheat brought back by Mr. MIobach woro exhibited. The wheat, which would be graded No. C or feed hero, was grading No. 3 there, and Mr. .Miebach is more anxious than ever for free wheat. He says the farmers across tho lino nro not anxious to see good Canadian wheat on their market to compete with them, b.ut tho consumers are. Regarding the crop outlook in tho States, Mr. MIobach says there will lie little falling off in tho crop area in Kansas this year. Farmer.^ will not be on the land any sooner there than they will hero. THE FANIILY "FruMves" Is the Standby in This Ontario Home Scotland, Ont., Aug. 26th, 1918. "My wife wasafttartyrto Constipation, Wo tried everything on tho calendar without satlsfaotion, and spent largt sums of money, until wo happened on 'Frult-tt-tives''. Wo have used it ia th� family for about two years, and -w* would not use anything else as long tm wo can get "Fruit-a-lives." J, W, IIAMMOJTO. "FR'DIT-A-TI\Ti:S" is made from fruit juiooa and tonics-ia mild ia Action-and pleasant in tasto. COo. abox, 6 for $2.50, trial alte SSe. At dealers or sent on receipt of prioo by Fruit-a-tivc3 Limited, Ottawa. WHAT ABOUT SINGLE MEN? .Edmonton. Alta., March 3.-Circulars have been sent by the commissioners to the heads of departments of tho city corporation asking that tho superintendents bo instructed to furnish a complete list of all employees appointed since January 1, giving the date and place of birth, whether or not British subjects or naturalized subjects, single or married, and lu case of single men to state if they hnvo offered for enlistment. MORE WORK FOR THE ROYAL COMMISSION IN PROVINCE OF SASKATCHEWAN �Regina, March 3,-The revelation brought about this morning before the public accounts fcommltt' road that runs Along this beauteous valley. By the river winding clear They laughed and learned and labored did the Meu of Yesteryear. The tents were struck ere dawning. Beneath a starry sky. They marched away to Old Quebec to hear their last good-bye. . The streets wore filled with khaki, and on the crowded pier. AVoro tear-wet eyes and breaking hearts, 0 Men of Yesteryear. O gallant little army, tho months have passed away. And bravely you have borne yourselves In many a cruel fray; But many a gay, young comrade, who laughed and labored here. Sleeps beneath the soil ot Flanders, O Men of Yesteryear. 0 sacred soil ot Flanders, red altar of our pride. Historic field of Langemarck whereon they' fought and died. There were none that fought more bravely, or their honor held more dear Than tho men who lit their campdrcs in this valley Yesteryear, They have writ another chapter on our envied scroirof fame. They have sot the Empire ringing with our proud Dominion's name; But they paid a costly qutttanco. And we, with sigh and tear, We, too, must pay our reckoning, O Men ot Yesteryear. Once more the heavy lorries plough up Valcartier hill. Once more within tho dusty lines tho troop-horse whinnies shvill; And khaki figures come and go. Tholr sharp 'commands 1 hear. But I see a phantom army, 'TIs tho Men ot Yesteryear, And in the night when stars are out above the plne-rihged plain 1 seem to hoar the tramp ot thoso who will not come again. Tho sound of marching heroes with shining eyes 'sincere Who go to moot their Captain, tho Men ot Yesteryear. , O meu who loft Valcartier, God rest ' your valiant shades, That walk amid the ghostly tents and haunt the lonely glades. When the last loud tramp is aoundln'g and the Warrior Hosts appear. He shall number you among thom, O Men of Yeatoryoar. ROBLIN SAID TO BE VERY ILL Winnipeg, March 4.-Sir Redmond Roblln, ex-premier of Manitoba, is still in California, and is in a bad state ot health. Whether his indisposition will interfere with his returning for trial on the charges against him at tho present assizes cannot bo learned. The case against tho former premier and the ex-ministers will not come before the grand Jury this week, as there are several .cases still ahead ot It on tho list. - Lomond News Lomond, March 2.-Mr. and Mrs. Uoring Imvc returned from tlio States. Mr. and Mrs. Whipple have returned from the States. Mr. Wlilppie has bought 'back his old farm from Mr. Plunkctt. Ho says tho west has tho warmest spot In his heart. H. Mcintosh has bough Tim Asli-more's quarter section, KInnondnle leap year danco was well attended from Lomond, The farmer's' elevator here secured seven grain cars last Saturday. This number of cars is rapidly being filled with tho pent-up , wheat, Tho bins scattered over the town are being emptied and things In general aro humming. Great praise Is given to the farmer's operator hero. The straw stacks around here are being culled out, an^ every night you may see balls of fire on the horizon. Hugh Mcintosh injured Ills leg somewhat when his saddle horse slipped and fell on him. Many expectant eyes were cast up the railroad track Friday evening in search ot the train, which cdme In unusually late, Tho American Yeomen had their first meeting In Lomond last night, and a progressive card party was held after the business yco-s finished, followed by refreshments. Oscar 01-sen carried away tho prize for the gentlemen, while Jfiss Sylvia Donnelly came In tor the ladles' prize for the best player, and Mrs. H. Smith won tho camera aftd its contents. SEWAGE TREATMENTS W. MUIR EDWARDS, Professor of Civil and Municipal Engineering! By W.P.O, In The Quebec Chronicle. Only One "BROMO QUININE" To get tho gonutnt', cull for full name IvAXATIVE BROMO QUININE. Look for signature of 13. AV. OnOVl';. Cures la cold in Ono Day, 2So. . FIRST ARTICLE Tlic-((uostlon of the disposal of its sewage ^facea every growing municipality .sooner or'later. Although the scientific and engineering solution of each probliem calls for a high degree of training- and attainment, the main features-can be understood by ail. It Is the purpose of this article to deal with these in k more or less popular manner. _ � ' The 'water carriage system of sewage cpUectlou i&\faniiliar to city residents. In  the - streets lateral sowers are lald-tq which the adjacent houses aro connected' by smaller pipiBS. These laterals drain Into sub-mains, the' sub. inalnfe Into malha-ahd finally Uie whole system drains "to one or more points ot outfall. Gai-rled by water flowing In these drains' Is tlie organic and minei'al matter contributed by street flushings,, kitchen .sinka, wash tubs, closets, baths and by-such manufacturing plants as are conriectfid to tlio sewerage system. Tlio following points should be clearly underatood when considering the disposal of the sowago thus brought to tho outfall by tho drainage system:..... (1) Tlie greater portion of tho sewage is water. If ono thousand pounds ot an average sewage were evaporated, nine hundred and nlnoty-nlnc and a half pounds would disappear ua steam. (2) Of tho halt pound of total solids, as they aro called, renmlnlng, one-half la composed of inlnoral mht-tor whose chemical fioinposltion is staph) and which thus imposes no burden on the illsijoHul works other than finding 11 resting place for It. (3) The remalnlhk one-(iuarter of a pound is organic matter and is the s.ubstanco whjch causes-tho .nulsiinoo which often accompanies the disposal ot sewage. Orgilnlc niattor Is marie up of complex combinations of hydrogen, oxygen, cai-bon and nitrogen. Reactions take pluco under suitable conditions whereby those complex forms resolve themselvos Into simpler and anally Into Hxnd combinations. When this process is complete wo say that the Howago Is non-putresclblo. It is tho gasos which nro given off during this,breaking down process which may create an nerlul nulsanco. The fouling ',ot water along shore linos and shoals may of course create a vis.ual nuisance as well, (4) Ip addition to tho anlueral and organic substanco In tho sewage there are what aro known �s bacteria, These are microscopically minute living organisms whoso prcsenco Is essential to the changes which tho organic mnttor undergoes. Each process requires Us specific bacteria. They occur In largo numbers, the majority being benelhilal, and are In fact no-cesary to many of tho reactions .upon wliloh our oxistonco depends, In addition to those helpful bacteria there aro what aro termed pathogenic or dlsease-formlnc.types. Each dis. oaso gonorates Its specific bacteria and they In turn by multiplying under tavorable.., qondltlons v'Of. tera|)�ratura-and fooil �may cause thoso conditions In a healthy person which wo deslg-nuto by tho name of that parlloular ailment. Thus In tho Intestines ot a typhoid patient, great numbers of the bacteria peculiar to this sickness are developed and are expelled with the excreta of the patient. Should tli'esu find their way into tho sewagoof a municipality and this sewage, contaminate it water supply thero Is a strong probability thatthero will be an outbreak of typhoid fover amongst tbo users of tho water. TwoFold Obligation There Is thus a t-wo-fold obligatloti on those whoso duty It is to arrange for the disposal of the sewage. In the first place thero must be no nuisance created hy the occurrence of objectionable Bights or smells. In Uie sec-i ond place there must bo no unduef danger to' pubUc' health occasioned through the placing ot disease bac-'' tex-ld In such positions that, they may be a source of contamination, to^ a wa� ter or food supply.. . . .. . Tho breaking down of th� eomple.v:. organic matter may proceed along two routes. One of thoso requires tho, presence ot abundant oxygen for Its processes and the other takes place under what Is termed aerobic bacterial auspices and gives oft gases which aro not offensive. Tho latter process la dependent on the activities of anaerobic bacteria. Is known by tlio term putrefaction and ros,uIts flunlly In the formation of very objectionable hydrogen gases. Tho obvious aim ot all sowago disposal processes which are designed to avoid tho creation of a, nulsanco Is to proceed along tho aerobic path as much as possible, allowing periods ot anaerobic activity only so far as is necesary to accomplish reactions which are most easily obtained under putrefactive conditions but to curtail the stay "ho that the stage of objoctionablo was formation win not occur. Whon raw sewage is run Into a stream of water a nulsanco is not ne-cossarlly created. In all surtaco streams thoro Is'a certain amount of oxygen dissolved In tho water and this will promote decomposition and retard putrefaction of the organic matter, if the volume ot the stream is BulHclont and the mixing of the Bowage with it Is general then this dissolved oxygen may be ail that Is required for a satisfactory treatment ot tlie organic matter present. Should tho ratio ot tho volume of sewage to the volume of tho stroam be as one Is I to twenty then tho oxygon contalnort In tho water will bo used up and!putrefaction ,^vlll likely occur but with a dilution of one to fifty It is not likely \i\\aX any nulsanco will be created. It will thus bo seon that, oonsUlerlng tho question of nuisance only and disregarding altogother hactorlal danger to possible water supplies, this method of disposal would be quite Hatisfuc tory for the largo contros ot population in Alberta tor sometlrao to como. In most cases It is tho jioBSIbiUty at the stream Into which the aowago is being run being later ,usod as a source of water supply that raises tho question ot sewago treatment. In the second part of this article tho two attitudes on this very Important' feature together with uu outline ot the latest process known as tho "activated sludge" Ireatmout wlU (be discussed. ;