Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 18, 1915, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE DAILY HERALD PRIDA Y.JUNE 1915 letbbribge alberta DAILY AND WEEKLY. RATES: Duly, delivered, per rear..... Dtlly. by mall, per .Weekly, by mill, par 1M TELEPHONES: Buitncss Offlcs Editorial W. A. Buchanan John Director Buslnesa Manager ROUND THE CIRCLE OF THE WAR The Germans have a new phase of their.campaign against the Russians, and are now delivering violet attacks on Russian Poland. The movement against lumbers has ap- parently been .abandoned for the mo- ment, the Teutonic forces concentrat- ing their efforts-in a supreme attempt farther to the north. Thej- have met with some success.- In .the Dardanelles the Turkish troops have been .still further repuls- ed by the British. It 'is also reported that a British submarine has destroy- ed transports carrying Turkish and German troops. On the Italian front the Italians re- port advantages gained along the en- lire line. A British steamer, has been tor- pedoed, with a loss of 2? lives. Reports from Berlin are to the ef- fect that President Wilson's latest note has been accepted in an amiable frame of mind by the Kaiser's offi- cials, and that a favorable reply is looked for. dwellers, and those who ply their trades in cities and towns, arrived ahead of our ability to keep them steadllj employed. Development is on the Increase in the rural I mid we have- the biggest crop in our history in the ground and above Ilio ground.' bill many o'f those who art unemployed are iuit trained for rural j work and not fitted for it. Wu not exactly blame our governments for this state of affairs. Tor they have been for some years for rural Immigrants and farmers to fill up mid lake hold of the agricultural districts. The fundamental idea. viz.. thai by liish tariff we could build up towns and cities that would afford markets for the farmers has gone askew, the cities and towns have not grown fast enough to take care of more than a proportion ot our farm products, and we are face to face with the fact that surplus ot our farm products will. Jin the year 1915. be larger than over, 'and the amount the home market is 'able to consume, in proportion to the whole, will be smaller than ever. How Ions do we Intend to walk backwards 1 or hide our heads in the sand. ITALY WILL DO I1EH SHARE-TORONTO ITALIANS PARADE They're worth ing always. Eat p I e n t NEED. TO ALTER OUR SYSTEM Germany has complete .control .of her own home markets, and has had for nearly a year, and whatever oth- er protection she might wish for has been supp'iied by the navies of the Never was a National Policy tried out better. Still the victims of this thorough national policy do not seem to think that it is quite perfect, and it has evidently caused sufficient dissatisfaction to lead to the sinking of the Lusitania, and other feats of amis that have contributed so much to the "honor and glory" of the Ger- man name. Nations that really de- pend on the home market seem to he ever ready to shuffle in to other peo- ples' markets when there are not too many watching them. The unemploy- ed situation that is giving us so much trouble, may be largely traced to er- rors in judgment in the past. We had the town and city fever to such an extent that aM our plans were made for the abnormal increase of the city and the town, real estate in the shape of lots was placed on the markets in such numbers that if only a small portion of it had been built upon and occupied, the country inhabitants would soon have all been absorbed, and all the settlers and emigrants that to us for years. We worked Backwards and have now to pay the piper for poor judgment. Whenso- ever we shall have progressed suffici- ently so that country life in Alberta via be eagerly sought by incoming settlers, and by those already in the province, the fact that our land and the. living on this land is so desirable will advertise us to such an extent that further advertising will be sup- erfluous. If it was once noised abroad that farming "pays well" in Alberta, wa couldn't keep the people o.ut of Alberta: We should go ahead faster than .have an and couldn't; prevent the oaniah. When the rural districts filled, up- the cities and fill up and have the; solid suppprtrof a thick- ly settled .rural community; prosper- ity and solidity wo.uld in -real both in town and country. Tbis happy state of affairs 'will only be possible when ''town" opens its eyes 'and co-oper- ates with and allows "coun- try" to make a good profit on Us in- vestment and its "saDor. If this happy consummation ever takes place, ad- vertising our country would be sup- erfluous and a waste of money, for Canada be its own advertise- ment. The first step in the program would be for the "ultimate consumer" to join hands with the farmer and teen do missionary work with the "in- betwixt so as to form some method by which all might prosper to- gether. We have fully sized up the capacity of our home market, and one of the chief reasons of the failure of the home market theory in Canada bis been that it was started back- wards, but the time has arrived to re- terse the lever. pushing up of the tariff in the lut section it Ottawa, has only ag- gravated the weak points of the pre- vious era. The cause of the unemployed trou- ble in the larger cities can chiefly be traced to the that too many city OUR POINT OF VIEW This picture taken in loio.itu attci UK doLKualioii oi In llnh on Austin shmxs a moup of Italians on parade. The head of the procession is carrying the her -h in the cause for European Liberty.'' An _Edmonton soldier, writing from the front, clears up a matter of fre- quent dispute. How should Ypros be pronounced? 'Most people say but books of reference juvo- lt "Bore." According to the corres- pondent, the former is the pronuncia- tion adopted in France, and the lat- ter that ia Belgium. And Tommy Atkins calls it "Wipers." Britain's Strength Upon the Sea In Montreal, S. J. Sherman, one o: the two assistant general managers I of the Royal Bank of Canada, has gone into barracks as a fun-fledged private In tha rear ranks of tte Mc- Qjlj pverspas, contingent, which is go- ing to reinforce the Princess Pats. Private .SaPWan worried over leaving his bachelor quarters'in the Windsor hotel, the importance and the j money that his of the best any Canadian bank can gives him, to accept 51.10 a day, and the duties that fall to the private sol- diery. This is the spirit that win ev- entually overcome Germany. A na- tion depending upon men forced to fight can't defeat a nation of volunteer soldiers, such as this bank manager. RICKED UP IN FOR THE BUSY MAN J. E. Redmond, the Irish Kation- alist leader, is suffering from pto- maine poisoning and will be una'-ne for soma time to attend sessions oi parliament. R. W. Service, me Canadian poet and novelist, is a chauffeur in the Anglo-American ambulance corps, which is now somewhere in France close to the firing line. King Albert pi Belgium wrote a, personal note of thanks to Mrs. Sto- Ter oi Violet, Frontenac county, who is more than eighty-three years old, and who knitted fifteen pairs oi socks for-the Belgians. Word has been received by D. B. Burrit, of Stratford, Ont., that iis son, Col. Royal Burrit, has been ap- pointed chief of staff to Col, Skinner, j commander of the Canadian forces in England. At a mansion house meeting on be-! half of the Red Cross funds, the Mar- (juis of Lansdowne announced that William Waldorf 'Astor had opened the subscription list with 'a cheque for SIQQ.ODO. French soldiers in the. field are soon to begin wearing light' steel helmets, suggesting in their design the antique suggesng n er gn aq head pieces of men at arms. In color they will be a gray, blue, harmoniz- which ing for ing with the service uniforms which French soldiers have been weari several months past. In an explosion in a building of the Bethlehem Steel company at Reding- ton, U. S., where time fuses are' made for shrapnel eight men were injured. It is thought a spark from a me "caused the explosion in which 50 pounds of dynamite went up. There were 35 in 'the building at the time. Two pioneers oE British Columbia are dead. Dr. John Sanford, a drug- gist in Vancouver since 1888, died at the age of 78. He was a veteran of the Civil war, but was born in ern Canada. J. B. Greaves, aged 8fi, who in 18G4 started in the cattle business in Cariboo, died at Victoria. He was very wealthy, and his estate still owns several large ranches in the upper country. (.Toronto Globe) lias Britain's naval supremacy been endangered by recent losses'.' That question is put to The Globe by anx- ious readers. H deserves a careful answer, based upon the best inform- ation available. The Itritish Empire depends, under God. for Us existence upon the British Navy. Were the fleet to 'iose command of I as within three months Britain's work- shops would be empty, her people starving, her armies abroad forced to surrencfer for lack of supplies and iwar material. The fleet of Britain is, 'therefore, still her ail in all, despite the tremendous exertions devoted to the organization of a vaet army. That army, "without the use of transports and the protection of the fleet wo.uld be impotent either to leave the Unit- ed Kingdom or to return thither. If the navy were to lose control of the seas the British Empire would exist only upon sufferance. The question is, therefore, a vita1! one. The first consideration" is that of personnel. The British estimates of 1913-14 made provision for 146.000 of- ficers and men for the navy, of whom were provided for the sea ser- vice, and as marines, the re- mainder under training or en- gaged in particular duties. Germany in "the same year had 3394 officers ami men "on her naval establish- ment, of whom over four thousand were employed in the coast defence artillery branch. Britain, therefore, had a little over twice as many train- ed men .upon her ships of war, ns Ger- many had when war broke .out. Bri- tain at once "called up'her "Fleet Re- serve crews, her Royal Naval Re- serve men, aud other trained reserv- ists, who brought the personnel to al- most a quarter of a million. It was recently announced that the number of men in the navy-1-including proba- bly the crews of trawlers engaged in" mine-sweeping and patrol was over rather than under The loss of life in ihe navy since the Amphion was sunk on August 7 has been remarkably lignt. 40tf men as the likely number of deaths through the sinking of the Triumph and Majestic, and 250 sailors as the loss through destruction of the_ Prin- cess Irene, the navy has had 702o men killed in action. The number of wounded has been exceedingly few, the losses having been incurred al- most entirely from torpedo attack or mines. In such cases the survivors of the disasters were almost all unin- jured. In only three instances have British cruisers been sunk by German shell Pegasus off Zanzibar and the Good Hope and Monmouth off the Chilean coast, in the latter action the entire ships' crews were lost. Germany's losses of life in naval actions are not but'the losses of ships which sank with their entnre crews or a proportion recorded in of- ficial reports would make a death list of at least 5834. In personnel, there- fore, the British navy has lost far fewer men in relation to its strength than the German fleet. Less than three per cent, of the crews of British warships have been killed in action, and the fighting power of tbe navy in men has not been impaired in any- material sense by ten months of war. How does the record stand in re- gard to ships? Of cruisers and small- er craft Britain has sunk far more German tonnage than Germany bas BRITAIN'S IMPORTS IN MAY: London. June Board of Trade reports for May imports Into the British Isles of ag- ainst in May, 1914. Ex- r.i'rt? :v-erp compared with the greatest of any Lie war began. The largest decreases in exports were in manufactured cot: ton; In in coal and coke, and In iron steel and manufactures thereof. The Increase in imports was due largely to gains in food, drink and to> hacco, amounting to cot- ton, manufactured iron and steel increased Other metals and their manufactures in; .creased .sunk of British, and the Empire's su- periority in these classes is now over- I whelming, Germany lias only a few i fast light cruisers loft, anil not one of them today is at sen. The loss of vessels like the Augsburg, '.Madge- burg, .Mainz. Koeln, Ariadne, Heln, iK'miien. Karlsruhe, Leipzig. Nurn- and Dresden has imt an end to all attempts to destroy British com- merce by above-water attack, and has forced the German Admiralty to rely entirely on submarines as commerce i destroyers. It is in the class of vessels fit to i take a place in the line of buttle that Britain's loss lias been greatest and i Germany's least. Of battleships or i battle-cruisers, Germany lias lost but i one, the cruiser Goeben, which was forced to take shelter in the Darda-, nelles, and afterwards was sold to Turkey. So far as operations on the high seas are concerned slip- -no long- I er counts. Britain, on the other hand, 'has lost the following capital ships: the pre-Dreadnaughts Bulwark, by ac- cident; Formidable, torpedoed; j Ocean- mined; Irresistible, mined: 1 Goliath, torpedoed; Triumph, torpe- doed; Majestic, torpedoed. The Dreaduausht Audacious has also been sunk, although no official admission of her iusa was made. These J'josse s.though heavy, in no way en- danger Britain's supremacy in line- jof-battle ships. Mr. Winston Ghurcb- 'ill, speaking some time ago, said Bri- itain could afford to lose a battleship of the Dreadnaught class every month :for a year and still be rdatively i stronger at the end of the period than iat the beginning. -This is due to the fact that wben war broke out, there j were in process oC completion in Bri- i tish' yards four Dreadnoughts for for-1 i eign powers and ten for the British [government, while in, Germany there j i were only two altogether. Two bat-1 tleships intended to strengthen the'. Turkish navy have been added to the British fleeti as well as one built for! j Chile. Five of the battleships in pro- jcess of construction for Britain in the 'fall of 1914. have already been com- pleted, and five more will be finished by October, as well as a second Chil- ean vessel commandeered by the Ad- miralty. Britain, therefore, has lost one Dreadnaught and added eight. Germany has lost none and added two. In Breanaught cruisers Britain has added the Tiger since the war began and lost none. Germanv bas added the'Derfflmger and" lost'the Goeben. Here also atrengtiTnas rela- tively increased. Taking all vessels of the Dreadnaught class, battleships land cr.uisera together, Britain today bas.. thirty-eight, in .commission and six., nearing completion, while Ger- 1 many; has twenty in commission, two (nearing two thai wilt i not be completed till 1916. The. Bri- tish strength is now almost' two to one, and by the fall will he two to one in .numbers. In weight of metal and fighting strength it is very much more. In' pre-Dreadnaught battleships the comparison is" still entirely favorable to Britain, despite the serious losses in this class. Britain had forty pre- Dreadnaughts when the war began. She now has thirty-three, having lost seven. Germany had twenty; and has lost none. But German's twenty pre- Dreadnaughts are far inferior, to Bri- tain's. Not one of them has a speed of over eighteen knota, and- not one a 12-inch gun. Eleven of the twenty have guns of but 9.4-inch calibre. Five of Britain's pre-llreadnaughts steam j 19 knots and ten ISIS, while every one is armed with 12-inch gnus, except the Swiftsure. In a fleet action the Bri- tish pre-Dreadnaughts would smother the fire ot the German vessels of the same type. These figures indicate clearly that British strength upon the sea is in no danger of collapse. The submarine is an ever-present peril, but un till now not a single i Dreadnajlght has been torpedoed. If that fortunate immunity continues j Britain will emerge from the greatest war in history with more ships fit to take their in the line of battle than she had when the titanic strug- gle began. Little mm CANADA Anniversary of Waterloo People's Forum The Best Remedy For All Ages and proven so by .thousands upon thousands of tests the whole world over, is the famous family Beecham's Pills. The ailments- of the digestive organs to which all are which, come BO many serious sicknesses, are corrected or .prevented by Try a few doses now, and you will KNOW what it means to have better digestion, sounder- sleep, brighter eyes and greater cheerfulness after your system has been cleared of poisonous impurities. F6r children, parents, grand- parents, Beecham's Pills are matchless aa a remedy Worth a Guinea a Box fretted only bj Tbomii Bccchcm, Si. Hetcni, UeoMhire, Sold everywhere In U. S. Americi.' 'In boxes, 25 Ctoft. -rmry llaiii with One hundred years ago today, on June IS, ISlo, Napoleon suffered hia great defeat at the hands of the Bri- tish and the Prussians, on the battle- field of Waterloo, in Flanders, and bis defeat was the death-blow of an Em: pire. In March, 1815, Napoleon returned from Elba, collected 1000 of his faith- ful followers about him, was joined by .Marshall Ney with a big army, and marched on Paris, taking that city without a shot being fired. From that event dated .the 100 days warfare, which terminated in the crushing defeat of the great general at "Waterloo, and the sunset of. his vast ambitions. One hundred years ago on the morning of June 15, Napoleon crossed over into Flanders, Prussians :Under Blucher at 'Ligny, where he inflicted defeat upon them. At the same time Marshal Ney mat the British forces under Wellington, Ett Qiiatre Bras, and compelled them to retire upon Waterloo. On June IS, the combined French forces under Napoleon gave battle to the British, Belgians, and Hanover- ians at Waterloo, pitting 71.000 men against under the Duke of Wel- lington. All day long the armies fought, and Wellington was on tbe verge of retreat, when Blucher's forc- es, who had outmanoeuvred the general Grouchy at bigny; :ame un to the rescue, and the' ex- hausted French were soon put to rout. The catastrophe at Waterloo was the deathblow to the empire and Na- poleon waa. exited to St. Helena. The history of the intervening cen- tury between the great conflict at Waterloo, which settled the fate of an Empire and the titanic world-stniggle of today, of which the chief battles are being fought .upon almost the same ground, and in which the fate of many nations is involved, ia one of a long procession of events which gradually have evolved the situation which brought about the greatest of a'il wars. During that time has developed tbe great Germanic Empire. Strengthen- ed by the crushing defeat by-the Prus- sians of the French in 1870, and now grown vain in its own vast power, the German Empire, dominated by Prus- sian autocracy, has come to be a menace to the progress of the world, far greater than the menace of the power of Napoleon ever proved to be. Just as the Prussians, and the Bel- gians, and the Russians and the Eng- lish combined one hundred years ago, to overthrow Napoleon, so today, over the same battlegrounds, the French and the Russians and the Belgians and the British are allied in one su- preme effort to crush the power of the Kaiser. Extremely interesting are compari- sons of tlie size of the armies which fought ai Vr'ttiurloo. with that of the armies which swarm the fields of Flanders today. Napoleon estimated his losses in the battle of Waterloo at 40.000 men. That battle was a most decisive one in every way. It com- pletely nnd forever crushed the power and ambitions of Napo'leon. In the great struggle of today, sev- eral big battles have been fought in which the casualty lists have totalled and they have decided noth- ing more perhaps than the possession of a few miles of territory, or a fort- ress of two. Today the armies pitted against each other number In the millions. Napoleon's greatest army never reach- ed beyond the half-million mark. RE THE OIL SITUATION To the Editor, Lethbridgc Herald: regard to my recent letter regarding the oil situation in general. 1 have received a statement from Boundary Oil Products Co., which is satisfactory in every way, and believe 1 should give tills as much publicity us I expected to gel, from my previous note, but would scggcst that If tho management of this and other con- cerns would take their shareholders more into their confidence, It would save a lot of hard feelings and mur- derous thoughts. Ucspecl fully, THOMAS. "vVARDMAN. Xorth Lethbridge. 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