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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 31, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta WOMEN IN MANY PLACES IN THE BRITISH ARMY Thirteen Thousand Fully-Trained Nurses Now on Military Duty -Altogether 27,000 are Doing Hospital Work-Soldiers Supplanted as Typists, Clerks, Motor Transport Drivers. By F. A. WRAY. LONDON, July 7. rOMEN aro serving In the army in many moro ways than were over looked for In time of pence. The old army asked them for nurses. When war broke out there were 200 nurses In the Imperial Military Nuralhg Servlco and 173 In reserve. Resides these, 800 were railed up at onco from civilian hospitals for duty with the expeditionary force. Small ns this number now seems, It was {sufficient.to. staff the twelve hospital units which went overseas with that first army, nnd nlso the permanent military hospitals in Great Britain. Rehtnd thisreguar nursing servlco was the Territorial Service, tho second hospital line. All Its nurses were In civilian work and drawing no nrmy, pay,' but were pledged, at the outbreak of the war, to come to tho call of the State. Their duty was to staff tho extra 1io�pUals in Croat Britain, which tvouldyht onco bo taken over by the Government, Of nurses so pledged there wore nearly 3,000. Besides these fully trained nurses there hod already been formed before the war tho voluntary aid detachments, which wcro to work with the second hospital lino In the event of war In Great Britain, and on ambulance trains, In clearing hospitals and rest camps; and for this work no pay | seas, nor 011 the lines of communlca- years' training nnd take only those who arc fit for the work; For, In tho first enthusiasm of tho war, unauthorized units had gone abroad often hastily equipped and with staffs half trained. Hucli untried workers broke under the strain, It was found the more necessary to havo vigorous tests, as the Red Cross was choosing women not only for hospitals at home. It was asked very early in the war to find them for the most arduous and difficult work overseas,"! for Serbia, devastated with typhus, and for tho army In Galli-poli. For such work only the best would servo. Take Placet of Men IT was a little later that tho War Office decided to employ women in place of men In many of the duties of tho army hospitals, as clerks, as typists, as telephonists, as storekeepers, as laboratory assistants, as X-ray attendants, as cooks, as dispensers, and as cleaners. All these were duties that had before been performed by the orderlies of the Royal Army Medical Corps. But since November, in 1015, not a man fit for service at tho front has been enlisted in that corps, unless by reason of some special qualification, nnd now, neither in hospitals at home, nor in the base hospitals over- was then offered (and many are still working without pay), but only board, lodging and traveling expenses- Such were tho preparations for war already made in time of peace, nnd they were complete and ample fcr the old army. But the nursing .service, like the army its_clf, had suddenly to grow beyond all that had ever been expected of It, with this difference, that while the first of tho new' armies wero set to train themselves in six months, nnd In that time had becomo soldier's, no nurse was ncceptod unless sho had had three years of service in a large Hospital. 13,000 Trained Nurse* EVEN with this standard *et the needs of the grcnt armies have been met, and now after two and a half >"ars of war, that service of 300 with its 170 in reserve, and the 800 civilian nurses attached to it, hn* grown to close on 7,000, ' and is steadily growing. At the same time the territorial nurSes have increased to close on !>,000, and they, too, enlisted originally for service only In tho hospitals of Great Britain, are to bo faund at all the fronts. These women, nearly thirteen thousand In number, are all fully trained nurses, but besides them it has been found advisable to, recruit a certain number of partly trained and untrained women who work under the nurses as probationers. These number nearly 8,000. Tnese twenty-one thousand women nre in the Army Nursing Services, but there are abroad, besides, those trained nurses, some in British hospitals, some in tho hospitals of tho other allies, who work under the Red Cross and the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. Theso two bodies have under their Joint control all those nurses who are not under tho War Office, and they, like the army, insist, in tholr choico, on a full threo tion aro any men, fully fit, to be cm-ployed. It is by the servlco of women that this has been made possible. There are now 6,000 in the army hospitals taking tho places of men. And even this docs not end the talc of the work women are doing in the-! army. There are the hundreds who work in tho Army Postal Service, ~ ^ be back among his own kindred. He did not want leave. He would go anywhere if only he could be transferred to a Canadian unit. The officer who reported his death says of him: "On the day of his death nnd on ail other occasions In the presence of the enemy he displayed the utmost courage and coolness, coupled with resource in difficult situations. I am not overstating matters when I say that tho battalion is poorer for tho loss of such a gallant comrado and scout." This gallant Canadian soldier carried on day after day, week after week, month after month, patiently waiting for the transfer that never came. It was actually on Us way-hut a Turkish bullet reached him first-Canadian Gnzetto (London). *JDB that crust, 'Erfol Fancy! Bread! 'Ere's another o' them bietullo �� motors a-coinln'," -.Loudon UystundCi A Military Turban With the "War Bride" Veil QNE of the most charming of tho now American fail bonnets is shown here. This military turban of navy blue accompanied by the popular long "war bride" veil hna a distinction all its own that few hats can even match." French Girl Dared to Fight In a Tank But Had to Stop Violette Gouraud the Only Woman With This Experience-She Is Also a Champion Swimmer, an Ambulance Driver, and an Aviator-Tank Sickness Too Much for Her. I MAGINE a girl-an ardent suffragist-intent on proving to tho world that woman equals man in any field. Imagine her enlisting In the French army ns chauffeur of tho automobile ambulance attached to an eseadrillc of fast, fighting airplanes. Imagine her obtaining permission to fly by right of her brevet as a pilot, awarded beforo the war. Imaglno her winning a transfer from aviation to service In tho now French "tanks" bocause more men machine-gun operators wore reluctant to accompany her in tho fighting biplane sho piloted. Then imagine her being forced put of the'service becauso sho tell victim to tho newest malady in tho world-mal de torre, or "tank sickness." That's just what happened to Violette Gouraud in April just when tho French army began using "tanks" for the ftrBt time In the second battle of Champagne. If MHo. Gouraud wero not tho niece of General Gouraud, whoso right arm was blown off by a bursting Turkish shell at the Dardanelles, and who was In comnytnd of tho contingent (of Runatan troop* fightins ln,r Franco, and who succeeded flenerul Lynutey at military |evef��l#* Morocco, probably would never have had a chance to suffer from "tank sickness." And it's becauso Bho came so close to proving her point-that men and women are equal in war work as well ns peace pursuits-that Mile. Gourntid is I discouraged. For to-day she is on-gaged in tho-for her-exceedingly tame occupation of driving a motor pmbulanqc between tbs railroad stations and the various hospitals in Pans. Mile. Gouraud has always believed in equal rights for womeTi. When sho was sixteen years old aru'( first interested herself in suffrage �he was hooted and laughed at. Her first speech was delivered In t'.e Place do la Concorde, in Pa^)s, near tho Seine. Tho crowd deserted her to go to tho river bank and watch some boys' swimming races. "I'll show them," said Mllo, Gouraud, ?.nd forthwith began swimming. Eighteen months later she was tho champion woman swimmer of Franco. Then followed exploits in the nir service^. Bhe transferred to a French "tank" crew and actually trained for a week in one of Ihofto monsters Rut Bhe could not Rtan'd a peculiar sick-ness which overcame her while so engaged. _> ^ y v\y  D.v ADEI.E M. OlAX K.I.LI. l.nNDOX, .Inno -T\ AN authority has stated that '.he Ihrif subjects of nwr.t n'.soib-ing interest to tho human 1 Im-Iiik- (irvt a.m. by the summer-time clock whose real time is but three. This particular morning, having," our minds set upon I'ovent Harden and our alarm-clock upon the stroke of four, one rose to the occasion thinking that dawn was u very delicious lime of day (or is it night?). At -1.30 walking along the Bayswa-ter road, comparatively the centre ot London, it was as quiet as a secluded country hamlet. Hyde Park hedges one side of the road, and It was all a dewy, emerald green, with faint bluo-groy mists rising from the lake in the distance; and the sky had delicate pink streaks-just like tho "roseate hues of dawn" one previously read about and never wanted to appreciate. No buses-no tubes-no taxis! There was nothing to do but "beat it"-a walk of three miles. A Lift in a Grocery Wagon EDDENLY the steady jogging of ^ horses' hoofs broke the stillness and our plea for a "lift" wan grunted. Never before, I'm sure, has Park Lane (we chose the swankiest route) seen the spectacle of two Canadian girls riding down its aristocratic pavement on a perfectly respectable grocery-cart drawn by one sad little horse-not even a pair. (Some men have said they've done it on mllk-carts!) But that solitary horse in war-time Is worth quite literally two in pre-war days! For Mr. Grocery-man told us that it used to cost him six shillings per week to keep-now lie has to pay 17 shillings and sixpence! At exactly five minutes past five beforo tho sun had risen, we got to the miotic of carts drawn up before one entrance. Everything has Its queue nowadays, and they say housewives are learning tho "queue-linnry art." I must admit that at first sight one was disappointed. The two greatest sights at Covcnt Garden in June- the strawberries and roses-had been pictured by mo on such a largo scale that 1 had vague visions of small mountains of luscious berries piled high and almost toppling ovor, while, perfect banks of roses would be In careless profusion. That was a dream of chaotic lu.vurioiisness. On the contrary, one's first impression was the orderliness and prim neatness of tho display, rather than nn impression of great quantity, which one could only grasp Inter. Tho fruit In tho brown wicker baskets and tho stalls of vegetables were arranged with scrupulous care; while even the carts unloading in tho various courtyards wero ornamental, with turnips, for instance, arranged in alternate rows of heads and tails as It wore-white and green. ft was the first morning for cherries, but they wouldn't sell to individual buyers, although tho price to wholesalers was only a shilling a pound-quite chenp In comparison to strawberries, for which we hud to pay two shillings for a small basket of threo pounds. Of the fruits, bananas seemed tho most expensive, being threo and slxpenco (SI cents) a dozen, although peaches were approximately 32 or 3fi cents apiece. Canto-loupo melons wore luxuries at five shillings ($1.25), and delicious grapes wero two shillings a pound at tho choapest. Apples were very scarce at around fourpence apleco, and I did hear a man say that the day before at a ehop in town eightpence (i� cents) had been asked for a single applet In contrast, mushrooms were but a shilling per pound, nr.d thry strike a. Canadian as being the moat ren-a.mab'e food to be bought in England, and nun is' forever comparing the huge prices paid for these previously In Toronto-as a rule cents a pomei. The gooseberry-a great favorite In England and altogether too tart Ih'.e sugarless days-was to be had at six ."-hillings a half bushel, tail ilear at any price; green beans \vi re moderate at tenuence, or 20 cents, a pound, at which price tomatoes also sold; and aspargus was � K .-.hillings (SI.:.") for a bunch of \bout. seven do/.en. Potatoes at 16 Cents a Pound THE muchly-discussed potato was but eighlpence a pound (new), but In no largo quantity, and cucuni-bcrs of a very good size wero the ;ame prire - apiece- Oranges and lemons were exceptionally good at a penny each-a big reduction on shop prices here, which have usually been twopence or two-and-a-half pence. Covcnt Garden is a collection of buildings-stalls Inside and out- and one marvelled as they looked at the clever manipulation of old men carrying perhaps five or six filled baskets, piled one upon anther, on their heads and deftly threading their way through the crowd. It was tho greatest surprise of all to note tho few women present. One had thought that the business of buying and selling in a market would prove acceptable work for women. On the other hand, it would seem that the female sex have taken to moro strenuous labor and left this to tho old men. Greybeards were in profusion, and one ancient old chap, an he passed with a scythe, looked a typical Father Time. Rut "Floral Hall," ns It Is called- where the flowers are sold! Only an Englishwoman-familiar with nil tho blooms of this large flower-garden "England"-could rightly describe it. Think ot all the flowers you over heard of-imagine the splashes of color-sniff the clouds, of perfume- and you have it! Roses-shelv.es upon shelves of thorn (alas! packed precisely and demurely); myriads ot sweet peas; walls of heavenly blue hydrangeas nnd tho freshest, whitest daisies; orchids at a shilling apiece- i delicate mauve against the rich heliotrope; spikey, feathery stuff which nobody seemed to know' tho name of, nnd Rainbow Grass waving lazily nt a passing breeze; bold pink erasula, unusual in Canada, and dainty Nemcsia of every hue just aching to be made into tiny French nosegays. One closes one's eyes now and wishes one was a bee! ' To return to tho practical. There is to be opened in London this week "Tito National Kconomy Exhibition," which is. to run for many weeks. Resides lectures on such subjects as The Food of tho Nation' nnd "Housekeeping For the Soldier," which are being given by representative people, there is to be a market on the Continental plan. No one understands economy in tho buying nnd preparing of food as does tho Continental, and it is being acknowledged that the English must adopt marketing measures similar to tho French. "Pockety" Bathing Suit A BATHING suit with side pockets ' and also two upper pocket*, la something decidedly new In beach costume*. It Is made of navy blue tuff eta and aeema too good to wet. The top pocket* and collar are stitched In contrasting color*. The hat to i!UB�e�Uv* of a erowu, ;