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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 24, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOUR THTC LBTHBftlDGE DAIL7 HERALD TUESDAY, JULY 24, 1917 letbbcib^e t>eratt> letbbrt&jc, Blberta 9AILY A N O WEEKLY Subscription Rates: tbttty, delivered, per week......10 Dally, delivered per year ......$sof> Dally, by mall, per year.........$-tP� Weekly, by mall, per year......$1.50 Weekly, by mall, per year to U.S..$-.00 1252 1221 TELEPHONES Business O'lieo ............. Editorial Otlico ............. W. A. Buchanan President and MnnnplnK Director John Torrance  - llusiness Managor Dates of explr>-~oTTuuscripiions appear dally on address label. Aeeep:-aueo of papers after explnition date is our authority to eontinuo tho sub-Pcript ion. floor coverings, pome form of which | is required in Canada osvlnp to the | climate, cheap and substantial car- j petlnu should bo admitted free or ol a low duty, while higher grades should j bear import duties in proportion to their1 costliness. | It is evident, moreover, that if the; consuming public tie called upon to' pay for prolectlon. it should lie given 1 to understand why, for what period, and for what ultimate purpose. An added cost to the consumer must be justified by some present or future national advantage. Possibly the period for which "protection" is granted should be definitely agreed upon, any extension being dependent upon comparative labor costs In production. Protected industries in this way would receive notice that they are expected to become self-dependent; thai under special circumstances their "protection" may be continued ^PICKED UP IN** PASSING ?0R THB Busy yAN Your King and Country Need Ycu Right Now! THE PROGRESS OP THE WAR Chaotic conditions once more prevail in Russia and among the Itussian tioops en the Galician front, with the result that while the govt, has Its bands full at home, the Teutonic forces are breaking through the Russian lines and undoing all the good work accomplished in the recent offensive. While anarchistic insurgents stir up trouble in the capital, troops at the j front are deserting by whole regi-j ments and the premier. M. Kerensky,; who Inspired the recent offensive by his dramatic action in personally lead-1 ing the forces into action, has gone again to the front in an endeavor to cure the disaffection which is spreading. The workmen and soldiers have voted again their confidence in the government, and the government forces are gradually again gaining the upper hand in the trouble. On the western front strong German attacks against French positions have again failed, with heavy losses to the enemy. Operations in German East Africa are described in recent dispatches as favorable to the allied forces. Belgian troops are playing a large part In these operations.. Alberta Red Cross July first appeal has brought ?1!>.S91 to date. ReY. YV. A. Guy, pnstor of St. Andrew's Presbyterian church, Ueglnn, has accepted a call to Swift Current. The government hns informed Chatham city council that no subsidies are now being granted toward cold storage warehouses. Garbage collectors of Kitchener, tint., discovered in one of the cans a but that the industry must justify it-j large glass scaler in which was n dead self.. since the purpose of the tariff i ohild. fully developed, bavins the apis peneral and not individual advantage. The object is clearly not to ensure excessive profits for capital: the issue of watered stock by "protected'* companies wouid therefore be considered as prima facie evidence of the necessity for tariff revision. An argument frequently advanced for protective duties is that industry in Canada is handicapped since, owing to our smaller market. It is not possible, to compete successfully with manufacturers whose market is a hundred millions of consumers instead of only eight millions. It must, of course, be admitted that there are economic units of production, and possibly eight million consumers do not in every case provide a sufficient market for such a unit. What shall we say, however, of industries which have multiplied until the factories engaged upon the same forms of production are numbered by the dozen or the, score? If the economic unit of production referred to is over to find its realization in Canada, will it be secured Under the present system in which new capital is continually attracted to enterprises already established in order to share the profits of those who would have us believe that at. least in their particular industry an economic unit of production is not in sight and the necessity for protective duties as urgent as ever? One result of framing a tariff embodying a clearly denned policy would possibly be the weeding out of parasitic industries. If this is the result, it calls for no defense. The object of a wise protective system Is not to bolster up inefficient management, worn-out plants and antiquated methods of production or marketing. Protective duties should be based only upon the ascertained needs of efficient producers. Franklin Howard Williams, a brilliant, musician of Toronto, tiled In California. James Prentice was electrocuted when tho electricity from his machino was short-circu'tod in the factory of tho Domonlon Paper Box company, Toronto. Plans are under way for the formation of a full regiment of Moras, in the hope that it will eventually bo attached to tho American expeditionary force :;' France. Kenneth Anderson, of Niagara Falls Out., aired 28, son of Frank Anderson, was Instantly killed by failing out of n cherry tree at his parents' home He was scout master of Nlngara Falls and leaves a wlfo and child A serious shortage of medical officers will result shortly when the pearance that It onco lived. The anniversary of the disastrous attempt of last year, September 11, may be the time chosen for trying anew to hoist info position the lingo central span of the big Quebec bridge. "Longwood." the home ot Mrs. Chnrles Beatty. on Yonge street. Tor-|ncxt draft leave Camp Borden for onto, has been placed at the disposal - - . of the Royal Flying corps as a con valesccnt homo for aviators. illan Empire will in future bo worn suspomled on a ribbon around tho nock, * Resolutions pledging tho authorities In and about San Francisco to do nil in their power to safeguard the health and morals of the men nssoinbllng In army training camps in California were adopted at a conference ot city and county olllcials and physicians. To mark their appreciation of tho misrepresentitiB Christian Science It Is explained Hint l� tho church tenets or platform of the Christian Science church no specific reforeneo Is made to participation In war. Mrs. McKlnnon, wlfo of Anthony MeKlnnon, editor of the Embro, Ont., Courier, had her eyes terribly binned when a enn of chloride of limn, which sb.o was trying to open, exploded. She has suffered the most fntoiiHO pain over since tho accident. Tho attend- work that is being accomplished by i Ing physicians hopo to save the sight tho Cnnadian Army Dental corps in j of the eyos. military district No. Ill, the Dental As-| - socintlon of Alberta presented the corps with an Overland car at Sarcee camp. Rev. A. J. Vining. pastor of College Street Hapttet church. Toronto, will go overseas shortly to do Y.M.C.A. work with the troops. cure for Canada the largest available dividend. The necessity for the ap-pointtnsnt of such a board will be apparent when it is realized that irreconcilable differences exist between East and West and between different classes of producers which may have serious results unless reasonable compromises are brought about as a result cf better understanding the problems common to each In connection with production and marketing. In- overseas, unless a number of doctors volunteer for full time service at home in tho meantime. Prof. James C. Balis. B.A.. for many years a teacher in schools for the deaf, having last year finished twenty-six years' service at the Ontario school in Belleville, is dead. W. C. Towers, -when the war broke out, a bank manager at Calrnsville, near Brantford, who enlisted as a private, has risen to tho command of a battalion, being appointed a temporary lieutenant-colonel. Having been found guilty of driving an automobile while in an intoxicated condition, Mrs. May Ruportl, 28 years old, residing In Central Park West New York, was. fined $250 with the tclligent public opinion can be united j nUernative of going to Jail for thirty if the issues are not obscured by; jays party catch-words and misrepresented 1 because of inadequate and misleading information That a saving of $3,294.64 had been made by operating the one-man cars A protective tariff wiselv designed 11"'"'",, ,,,.., _ ,, , stimulant. If not carefully restricted to national ends, it may bo made to enrich individuals at the expense of the state, to weaken initiative and efficiency in industry, and to corrupt politics by the sacrifice of principles to party expediency. The present haphazard system of protection can not and should not remain as the national The quartermnster-genet'aVs department at Washington has sent out telegrams to presidents of 5S hotel associations throughout tho country requesting the "loan" of :i.810 experienced cooks to superintend the kitchens in tho If! cantonments for the new national army. Vice-President Dalrymple, of tho Grand Trunk railway, stated that an arrangement has been made for tho operation of tho Montreal-New York business ot tho O.T.U .on tho Rutland lino instead of on tho Delaware and Hudson railway, tho change to take efroct on October 1. Italy is not willing' that her nationals between the ages of 21 and 30, who liavo come to the United States, but have not been naturalized, shall bo drafted Into the national army and has so notified the state department. Great Britain and Franco have informed tho stato department that they have no objections to their nationals being drafted. Over $50,000, found on soldiers who have lost their lives in France, is waiting at tho London war office to bo claimed by the next of kin ot the dead men. As the war office Is still asking for the next of kin of soldiers j who (lied seven years ago leaving sums of money, it is not expected that much of the present fortune will ever be claimed. d ... The Christian Science board of directors announce that a Christian Scientist could not claim exemption from military service under the draft as a conscientious objector without of the demand for fish right now all over the British empire, BIG PROPORTION LIBERTY LOAN 18 PAID UP Washington, July 23.-Moro than CO por cent, of tho $2,000,000,000 Liberty loan already has boon paid Into tho treasury. Today's treasury statement, tho first issued In 24 days, BhowR payments Juno 30 on the Liberty loan account or $l,r!Sr?,024>45G. Major George Fletcher Chandler superintendent of the Now York Stato police, has been advised that tho war department at Washington has authorized Unit hnnorablo discharges bn granted to onllstod men who have passed the requisite examinations and arc eligible for appointment, in the new stnto police department. Tho war department states that this authority is given "In tho interest of tho public soi'vlce." Col. J. Little, who recently resigned his position as manager for the Mol-son's bank, Port Arthur, with other Fort. Arthur citizens, is applying for extensive fishing licenses which will include NIpigon lake and Nlplgou river. The now fish company will develop those famous inland waters for purely commercial purposes and plan to do a big business on tho strength INSURE NOW You cannot afford to gambit. We have always received fair settlements promptly from tha company we are representing. Alberta Securities Balmoral Block Lethbrldgo HAIL INSURANCE In selecting a Company to place your Hall Insurance with, there are two Important things to consider. First, the financial responsibility of the Company; second, their reputation for prompt and satisfactory adjustments. Such an investigation will show the BRITISH CROWN aa a leader. Don't take a chance. Let us place it In the British Crown. R. V. Gibbons & Co. PHONE 1191 BALMORAL BLOCK CANADA'S TARIFF POLICY NEEDS REVISION. Tariff questions have so long been mixed up with politics in Canada that; the two have almost become synony-! nious to many people. It is therefore refreshing to have it discussed from a non-political standpoint as has been done by G. Frank Beers in a paper on national ideals in industry "The New Era In Canada." Mr. Beers says that the object of a wise protective tariff is not to bolster up inefficient management, worn-out plants and antiquated methods of production or marketing. With this as his text he proceeds to talk along a line that will make a particular appeal to the western consumer as well as the western producer, and in view of the possibility of some form ot union government in Canada, his appeal to the two political parties to get together on an intelligent and scientific tariff comes most opportunely at the present time. Mr. Beers say a: Tariff policy has nominally divided Canadian political opinion, one party advocating import duties chiefly for purposes of "revenue," while the other has maintained the national import ance of "protection." Since the samo tariff for tho most part served both parties, it is evident no serious effort was made to frame a tariff upon the principles underlying the policies advocated. One party was happy so long as no serious opposition developed In agricultural circles; the other was content to enjoy the approval of manufacturing interests. One party inclined towards a reduction of duties, while the other favored as a minimum the status quo. The present tariff is the result of political expediency. Political parties unite In their desire to use it for both revenue and protection, but without attempting to define the object and extent of the protection, and with apparent indifference to the fact that in the proportion the tariff affords protection its value for revenue purposes is lessened.. Of equal or possibly greater importance is the fact that no adequate effort has been made to ascertain the effect of the tariff upon social well-being and national development. Without attempting to exhaust the subject, one or two principles may be stated as illustrating a treatment of the tariff which might iserve to advance national interests. There is little room for party controversy in the statement that commodities should be easily and cheaply procurable In proportion as they are indispensable to life and health. If, under a "low" tariff, It is not possible to manufacture in Canada articles required by the least well-to-do citizens, Buch articles should not be made scarce or dear as a result of the tariff. Moreover, necessaries of life are indispensable to production, and commodities Indispensable to production are not proper objects of heavy taxation. This is but an indirect way of stating that a "protective" tariff has natural limitations. It is a mere glatitude to add that while Canada as to bear the present burden of na : tlonsl indebtedness luxuries should be | heavily taxed, both by customs duties policy of Canada. Those who from pa-The importance of export trade is j triottc reasons approve a protective referred to elsewhere. It is sufficient i tariff should unite in supporting uiea-at present, therefore, to refer to the' sures to prevent its abuses and re-fact that wo can produce for foreign i form existing irregularities. Such markets only If we can sell our pro- J measures may, and doubtless will, bo ducts profitably in competition with i the subject of controversy, but dif-the world. Protective duties can find j Acuities will disappear whenever the no justification if the direct or in-! national purposes of a wise protective direct results place Canadian exports I policy for Canada receive clear deflni-at a disadvantage compared with j tiou. Equality of talent and income. competing products. Among the factors which govern this production are (1) the cost and availability of raw materials, (2) the price of necessary machinery, (3) labor efficiency, (4) wage rates. It is obvious that the market prices of living necessaries are reflected in the wage rates paid to labor. If these from any cause are increased, production for export trade will be handicapped unless greater labor trade treaties, even if desirable, are not obtainable by state action, but equality of opportunity is an ideal of democracy for which the people of Canada may well sacrifice selfish interests and existing party divisions. The Chautauqua will be here in two weeks. This is an innovation for Lethbridge. Citizens should read the efficiency, "favorable j series of letters being published daily advantageous freight! from the pen of S. S. Dunham, in the i and otherwise. Tariff rateB should In-| crease proportionately with the cost rates, or other factors, offset the resulting disadvantages. The same is true in the case of raw materials and machinery. But there is an added factor which has not received sufficient attention from those affected. We should no longer consider personal or even provincial interests as of primary importance. World markets are essential to Canadian prosperity and the total cost of the various factors entering into products for export must not exceed that of our competitors. If, therefore, raw materials, necessaries of life, and other requirements for production, are made dear as a result of the tariff their increased cost will weigh with prejudicial effect upon the wage rates of Canadian labor. Conversely the less the cos*, of tha other factors entering into the products) the greater will be the margin available as payment for labor. It is, therefore, of importance to Canadian labor that the requisites of economic production should enter Canada free of duty, unless otherwise procurable at a cost which will not jeopardize production for export. If however, revenue requirements render the collection of duties unavoidable, compensating measures should be taken to stimulate the productive efficiency of machinery and labor. There is con-stltuted an urgent demand upon the Dominion government for the generous support of trade and agricultural and technical training. The use of labor-saving machinery should be greatly extended and the policy of scientific and industrial research already entered upon vigorously prosecuted in order that the increased market value of Canadian national production, either in quality or quantity-preferably in both-may offset the handicaps which otherwise may result from the operation ot tho federal tariff. For many years we have accepted a policy of protection without taking the measures necessary to develop its logical economic accompaniment-a highly organized and efficient system of production and marketing. It should be realized moro fully that in the last analysis the protection which is secured to home industries by improved methods of production and marketing is the only sure and permanent protection. . . . As a first stop toward tho reforms advocated U appears desirable that provision should bo mado for the consideration of the tariff solely from tho standpoint of fiscal requirements and national intereHts. It may be found necessary for the federal government to appoint a permanent board of industry, whoso duty it will be to study the relation and balance which should exist amongst our productive activi- Herald, which explain fully the great value of this week of entertainment and education. Gold bullion deposited at tho Dominion assay office in Vancouver from Jan. I until July 10, amounted to $1,660,149.37, as compared with j $9G5,157.04 during the corresponding i period last year, a remarkable in-| crease ot $703,991. j Trench boots at $24 a pair are being built in Wichita. Kas.. for use j in Europe. Those boots are being , made on a contract obtained in Washington. They are unlike any other footwear ever made. Henry V. Anderson, an attorney and director of Red Cross work in Virginia, will be head of the special American Red Cross. mission to Rumania, for which a special emergency appropriation of $200,000 has been made. The first valor medal of the National Arts club. New York will be awarded to Elihu Root in recognition of his services as head ot the American commission to Russia. The medal is to be of gold. Notice is contained in the Canada Gazette that henceforth, by the commands of the king, the badge of the third class or Companions of tho Order of the Bath, the Star of India, St. Michael and St. George, and the In- Traction Engine REPAIRS We are well equipped to handle all kinds of repair work on either steam or gas tractors. Only high class work leaves our shop, and we will quote you prices that are right. NIVEN BROS. 210 First Ave. S. Phone 1732 SECURITY s SAFETY a SERVICE FarmersFire& Hail Insurance Co Is what you have been waiting for. It Is what we have all been waiting for.-A company owned and controlled by the farmers of Alberta. Organized to give uC the' service we are entitled to and to keep our money at home...... Secure your hall protection early by obtaining a policy In   The Farmers Fire & Hail Insurance Co. HEAD OFFICE, ALBERTA BLOCK, LETHBBI0C5 . "Do Business In Your Own Crowd."...... SECURITY :: SAFETY SERVICE Weak! When Women are Women who feel weak, languid and depressed- who look pale and dull-eyed, and have lost appetite and fresh looks-need a tonic that will purify the blood, help the organs of digestion, regulate the liver and bowels, and strengthen the system. It long has been known that Seeepaitfs Pills I W* W��S1V _ ___ nd fineness of the commodities 1m- ties, having regard "to the necessity ^ported. For instance, in the case of for an accepted policy which will sc- are a blessing to weak women, for they quickly correct womanly ailments, improve the appetite, purify the blood and re-establish healthy conditions. They are safe to take as they are purely vegetable and without any harmful drug. A few doses will bring better spirits, improved health and a feeling of fitness. Worth a Gisinea a Box Prepared only by Themas Baecham, Si. Helena, Laacaahlr*. Eatlaaati Sold everywhere in Canada and U. S. America. In boxea. 25 cenle. THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O.. LLD., D.C.L. President H. V. F. JONES, Asi't Ccn'L Manager SIR JOHN AIRD, General Manager V. C. BROWN. Sup't of Central Western Branches Capital Paid Up, $15,000,000 i Reserve Fund. . $13,500,000 EACH DOLLAR SPENT ON NON-ESSENTIALS WEAKENS THE EMPIRE'S GREAT CAUSE. Place your surplus earnings in our Savings Department where they \vil! earn interest at the rate of 3% per annum. 14W Lethbridge Branch- R. T. Brymner, Mgr., MAKES A GOOD CAR BETTER It is made from one crude oil and is .uniform wherever you buy it. Polarine is supplied in two grades, Polnrinc and Polarinc Heavy. Also Polarinc Grcasct and Transmission Lubricants. Look for 1ht> Promior "Red Ball" aitf n when buying oils anrf gawoline. THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY Limited BRANCHES IN ALL CITIES {Maxwell ;