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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 23, 1915, Lethbridge, Alberta THE tETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD FRIDAY, JULY 23, 0 There is only one way you can economise, that is by buying at dependable markets. We are in a position to pay cash for what we buy; the result is you are assured of reasonably priced meats of the highest quality, and the cleanest and most efficient service in the city Week-end Specials Prime Beef Spring Lamb Spring Veal Spring Chickens We have Another Shipment Picnic Hams at 14c We Sell Government Inspected Products P. BURNS COMPANY LIMITED. Main Avenue South. Phones 412 and 1388. Dominion Market-Corner 4th Avenue and 6th St. 8. .Phone 1654. Palace Street North.. Phone 431. A SUCCESSFUL ITALIAN RUSE In the recent fighting on the Italian frontier, they letlooae a number of wild Seattle ivho tore doii-n the wire entanglements and defenses prepared by the :Austrians, thereby being enalbled to carry out a successful attack on their enemy. Your Telephone Order Will Bring the choicest SPRING LAMB, VEAL, MUTTON, BEEF PORK for Your Sunday Dinner We're building business by Phone with Good Service and Meats that are always the Highest in Quality but Not in The Alberta Meat Market The Highest in Quality, B ut Not in 492. The Boy in Alberta Hooth Tarkinstou, in his Penrod jtorles, portrays a certain typo ot boy lite that, to tlio childless reader reader shows a decided uoed of a Reformatory. Unfortunately, too many ot Penrod's type "rc committed to "reformatories, and tlieir educatlou In OTinio Is completed. A reformatory institution Is .one of the most expensive institu- tions in which the state can. invest its money, and returns, in proportion to "the investment, are most unsatis- factory from any angle. In citizen- ship the percentage of success de- rUod from tho use of these institu- tions has never In the eyes of the most optimistic sup- than 50 or 80. Financially tiie cost of the upkeep ot a boy in a reformatory Institution, exceeds .by' from 30 to SO per cent, tho cost of the upkeep of a boy under normal conditions of life. The reply is liable to come back very quickly that the reformatory is an essential part 9t the modern machinery for dealing with the by-product of civil- ization, and -while the cost is enor- mous, the institutions are necessary. Institutions Necessary It will not be doubted for one mo- ment that institutions of a reforma- tory type are necessary, but the trou- ble" is' that as a general rule these institutions are large and elaborate concerns, the staff of which are ap- pointed more because ot their ability to control certain political events, than because their ability in deal- ing with the problem of the boy in the community. Recent investigations made by the Stats of Illinois at St, Charles school brings out the significant fact that out of 1200'toys incarcerated in that institution 845 were ot the inentally defective type, 200 were in the in- stitution because their parents were too indolent to take care of them, 7o were there because thero was cir- cumstantial evidence to prove that they least associated wttfl which had committed cer- tain depredations, the balance were committed by Dr. Healey of the Ju- venile Court, as-boys needing Insti- tutional training. This group of hoys are incipient criminals, who are pretty well on the road to peniten- tiarie's, and are a recognized menace to society. Not one of this group IE under 14 years of age, and in some Instances range up to.IS years.. The lowest cost in any reformatory i the far as figures are into considera- tion overhead charges on the invest- ment in plant, is approximately per capita and no institution the continent makes any claim towards being anywhere near self- support Finest. Schools The institution at Lancaster, Ohio, and that at Glenmill, Philadelphia, are readily admitted as possibly the finest industrial schools on the con- tinent from the viewpoint of equip- ment, yet it is found that from 60 per cent, of the graduates soon- er or later serve terms in peniten- tiaries or jails. Reformatories have never been successful in reforming, and the cost of the.upkeep of these institutions is enormous. It is borne with the tranquil, placid disposition of the pubiic, as one of the results of modern civilization, and careful enquiry has never ibeen made as to hetter methods, which would be Just as successful in the results with the Soy. The solution-at this problem lies largely with such schools as are es- tablished in Seattle, and known as "Parental Schools." In this school, the child who is known as incorrig- ible is taken, and the curriculum is adapted to suit the child's disposition. There are not more than 40 children in-each school, and these are divided into groups of ten, in charge of a cottage father and mother. The re- sults have been particularly success- ful at Seattle, as has been proven from available statistics, and the per- centage of-successes averages In a larger institution there Is a greater cost of upkeep and a greater demand tor boys in order that.the institutional- authorities may justify their existence. With the recognition of the psychologist as a' part of the Juvenile Court system, the number of boys sent to reformatory institutions is decreasing rapidly. -The State ot Indiana has succeeded, in reducing their reformatory institutions 'by something like 60% duriBg the past two years, by transferring the mental defectives to proper institutions. This classification can only.be done toy ex- perts, andi -while it is readily admit- ted by even the most pessimistic critics of reformatory institutions, that Industrial Schools or Reforma- tories are absolutely, essential, it it mentioned that the reformatory in- stitutions can be least the cost of upkeep eliminated and a greater percentage of success met with by other methods than that of the institution. Albert. Firtt The Province of Albertu has prob- ably been the first place on the' con- to use the placing-out system, and probation in .dealing with delin- quent boys to any large extent, and the success which has been met with through these efforts is sufficient pioof of the success of the plan. It has been found that the delinquent boy who has been giving trouble on the streets' of the re- turns home after from 8 or 8 nionths, or perhaps a year's treitment on a farm with haJVIU of industry Incul- cated. The old companionships- have been broken up, and the boys come back from the country prepared tp apply the industrious habits which have ibeen learned! tinder a new .en vlronment. j It must