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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - July 14, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME X. LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA, SATl'llDAY, JULY II, H)17 NUMBER 181' BELGIAN WOMEN SUFFER Fowcd to Work or Starve 1 -Compelled to Live in Most Revolting Conditions in (ncriminy. London, July 14.- (Via Reuters Ottawa Agency).-In an Interview given to a representative of Router's n Rclginn lady who succeeded in escaping through tlic electric frontier wire Into Holland gives a vivid picture of the terrible fate of Belgian women in the occupied territory. She asserts that the treatment of the women is �worse than that of the men. During the past year i(),000 women, she declares, have heen thrown into prison on flimsy charges, sometimes they are released after weeks and months of imprisonment without any explanation. Scarcely a fortnight elapses without some woman being shot. The Germans will not tolerate any communication with Belgian soldiers, whether censored or not and only in enso of death do the old people hear of their son's fate for the Belgian casualty lists nro regarded as good German propaganda. It J3 still not generally lenown that the slave "raids include young Belgian girls. Nearly one hundred Belgian women and children were interned at Hozmlnden whore they were compelled to live in huts with Russian and Polish prostitutes. Illegitimate births are frequent. A prostitute lias been appointed superintendent of-] the camp. At Oberhrook several hundred Belgian women refused to work on Zoppclin covers, but after being starved for a few days had no alternative but to resulno work. . The lady concluded by describing a scene which occurred at the gate of Hazelt prison last month. A young peasant woman, the mother of two children, asked tl.o authorities to be allowed to see her husband. She was politely told she could not see him that day, but that if she came back the next d>y, she would be allowed to soo him. The woman, with high hopes that her husband was going to be released arrived at the gate next day. She was immediately admitted, and without further explanation the guard gave her a bundle of clothes. Her husband had been shot the previous night. MAGRATH STAMPEDE Definite arrangements have now been completed for n stampede to be held, in Ma-grath on August 10th and 11th. Messrs. Karrcn, Bradshaw and Tanner, the publicity committee, were in the city today and called on the Herald to state that they, had made complete arrangements with Kay Knight, who will be stampede manager. Mr. Knight has Just returned from Medicine Hat stampede. C- > * THE COAL OUTPUT Six Thousand Tons Produced in This District Yesterday With 1500 Men IS Blown Up By Internal Explosion-Only Three of Crew Saved London, !?uly 18.-The British battleship Vanguard, 19,250 tons, blow up nnd sank on July 9, says an oflleial statement Issued tonight by the British admiralty. The Vanguard carried a crew normally of 724 men. An internal explosion while at anchor caused the disaster to the Vanguard. Only three men of those on board survived, and one of them has since died. Twenty-four officers and 71 men, however, were not. on board nt the time of the explosion. The British battleship Vanguard displaced 19,250 tons and her complement before the war was 870 men. The Vanguard belonged to the St. Vincent class of dreadnoughts and was'launeh-ed In March, 1909. The Vanguard was 535 feet long, with a beam of 84 feet and a draft of 27 feet. Her armament consisted of ton 12-inch guns, eighteen 4-inch and eight 3-lnch, and three torpedo tubes. -q-:-.- LANDED. IN HOLLAND. Paris, July 11.-Sergeant-Major An-toino Paillard, ono of the French aviators who participated In the bombardment last Friday of the Krupp factory at Essen, Germany, and who failed to return, has; It Is now learned, landed safely In Holland. / Though coal operators throughout the district still complain of the shortage of men, those men -who are in the mines are working to capacity, and are turning out a lot of coal. Yesterday the mines in tills railway district mined close to 0,000 tons of coal though not more than 1B00 men are at work. In view of the shortage of coal in storage, this  is not enough, nnd the operators are putting forth every effort to get men. The demand for steam coal by the railways Is very largo. Their reserves were greatly depleted during ti*w strike and with the heavy traffic of the grain moving season coming on, it is their desire to build thorn, up again. As for the prairie dealer in domestic coal, ho cannot get enough. One dealer in a small Saskatchewan town wrote a local coal company that while he could take more, he would be satisfied with a car a day for the next couple of weeks. His chances of getting it are mighty slim. It is the same story all over the west. Ill SSSIICCKSS MAY TRANSFORM Sir I V! ION On tills map the shaded area represents the recent Russian gains and the arrows indicate the direction of tlio Russian attacks from which much will lie expected. The blow just, delivered south of the Dniester if properlv followed up promises to transform the situation on the whole eastern front. BLAIRMORE MAN WOUNDED. IS R. R. Tlugict, Blairmorc. is on the casualty lists today as wounded. c* �* *j* UP AFTER 10 HOURS Forced to Surrender to Chinese Republicans-Americans Were Wounded TAKE GLYCERINE London, July 1".-A dispatch to the Times from Pekin dated Thursday, says that firing on the capital ceased after a nine hours' bombardment. The damage is unimportant. Imperialists Surrendered. Washington, July 14.-"A telegram to the department of state from Pekin dated July 13, says that the republican troops began action against the imperialists early that morning. The imperialists capitulated after fighting that lasted 10 hours. Chang Ustin already had taken refuge in the Dutch legation. Throe Americans wero wounded by stray bullets." Americans Wounded. AVashlngton, July 14.-Three Americans were wounded by stray bullets, the state department announced today, in the fighting in which Chinese Republican troops forced the surrender of the monarchical troops on General Chang Usui). BULLETINS ON FRENCH FRONT. Paris, July 1*.-There was active artillery fighting last night near St. Quentin and on the Aisne front between Craonne and Cour-iea the war office reports. German attempts to raid trenches south of St. Quentin were crushed. The French made a successful raid west �f fyiavarin farm on the Verdun front:at hill 304 and in the Woevre the artillery was active. A German airplane dropped bombs near Nanlr, two women and a child were hilled. New Invention Greatly Reduces Cost of Substance Needed In Explosives M Washington, July 14.-Discovery in the internal revenue division laboratory of a process for manufacturing glycerine from sugar was announced today by the treasury department. Under the secret process evolved the cost of this substance, a heavy factor In the manufacture of explosives, will bo reduced to slightly inoro than one-fourth of its prosent cost. Glycerine Is at present manufactured almost entirely from rats at a cost of 90 cents a pound which is six times its cost of production bofore the war. Extraction of the product from sugar will insure production, officials estimate, at 25 cents a pound or Icbs. Copenhagen, July *�!.-The Berlin Lokul Anzeiger has been suppressed indefinitely by tho military authorities. The reason is not given, but presumably it ia 'on account of an attack on Austria-Hungary in connection with a statement by Count Czor-nin, Auntro-Ilungarian foreign minister, who has come out for poaco without annexation. PRINT PAPER FROM SEAWEED Copenhagen, July 11.-A Danish inventor, it is announced,  has discovered a process for making news print paper from seaweed. The now process is said to entail half the' cost of making paper from wood pulp. Need of Rest Room for Visitors From Country Is Apparent Here ES fJreat Victory For Airmen In Severe Fight on Front In France London, July 13.-British airmen nave been victorious in the most severe aerial fighting since the beginning of tho war. On the front in France*on Thursday, 14'German'airplanes weve brought down and 10 driven down out of control as a result of aerial engagements, and one was shot jdown by an anti-aircraft gun, says tho Official statement from British headquarters It) Franco tonight. Nine British machines are reported to have been lost. . . Need of a rest room in the city of Lethbridgo was practically demonstrated yesterday when a fanner, his wife and baby and another child visited the city from Taylorville, to do soma shopping. They drifted into the board of trade building where the young man sat down and the baby went to sleep. Tho wife wanted to do some shopping for London, July 14.-The Span- > > lull steamer Kolo, 15,840 tons, : ? owned in Bilbao, was lowed in- > *: to a British port yesterday by : : a Irawler which picked her > > up after she had been attacked * ? by a German submarine. The > crow of tho lOoln, which was > loaded with iron ore. had taken ? to tlie boats after tho attack. > ? � * U. S. TAKES LITTLE (ileal Drive Is (iaiimig- Momentum as It Progresses -New and important Towns Captured Along 50-Mile Vvont on Dneister Kivcr-Threaten Teuton Communication Lines Now. Kaiser Threatens Strenuous Measures to Put His Reforms Into Effect GERMAN REPORT. Berlin, July 14, via London.- The British attacks near Lomb-aretzyde last night broke down with heavy losses, the war office reports. The official account says: "A strong fire was begun toward evening against our nevl positions on the coast. British attacks initiated at night near Lombaertzyde last night broke down with heavy1 lasses, under our defensive fire. East and southeast of Ypres in some sectors of .the Artois front the artillery duel wat lively. In engagements in the sector northwest of St. Quentin, a number of British and French prisoners were brought in." TO Regret Bomb Plots Recently Discovered-German Courier Is Discharged Washington, July 14.-The German political crisis centres principally on the questions of peace and internal reform, according to a review of state department advices issued last night by the committee on public Information and "there is not tho slightest reason lo believe that It will result in anything remotely approaching revolution or in any dlminuatfon of Germany's military power." The review says It is apparent that Germany's food supply will hold out till tho pesenf crop is harvested, although the sufferings of the. poor have I been intensified greatly during the past five months. s The Kaiser's Reforms Berlin, July 12, via London, July 14. -It the Prussian Diet, whose present complexion is of a conservative view, fails to meet the conditions set forth in Emperor William's decree for electoral reforms it is not unlikely drastic measures will be adopted to overcome the obstructionists. Tho lower chamber might be dissolved.' In the case of tho house of lords it would he necessary to augment its membership by a wholesale creation of new peers for the purpose of procuring the desired majority. A significant feature of the emperor's edict is tho specific stipulation that the reform measure must he forthcoming In time for the next elections. Introduction of equal, direct and secret suffrage in Prussia will put an end to plural voting as well as to an electoral franchise based on taxation. The reform substitutes primary for secondary voting and insures secrecy of the ballot in place of the embarrassing publicity heretofore attaching to the casting of each individual vote. London, July 14. - A Copenhagen dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company, says it is reported officially at Christiana that Germany has expressed regret to Norway for the acts of the Germans in connection with the bomb plot recently discovered. The German reply to the Norwegian note gives a long explanation of the ease and says tho German minister at Christiana has heen directed to tender an apology and that Aaron Raut-enfels, a Gorman courier in whose possession explosives were found, has been dismissed. Petrograd, July 14.-Russian troops have occupied the village of Novica southeast of Kalusz, in eastern Galicia, the war office announced today. HUNS BRING UP TROOPS. London, July 14.-A Petrotjrad dispatch dated Friday to the Morning Post, says: "The Germans have hastily brought up German divisions from other Russian fronts and thus temporarily succeeded in holding the Russian attack on the Brz-ezany section. But their losses have been enormous. Between the first and seventh of July on the Brzezany section there were 30,000 killed and wounded, which together with prisoners taken in the same period in this section, brings the total enemy losses to 48,000 men." REASON FOR OFFENSIVE London, July 14.-A Petrograd dispatch to the Daily News says: "The Russian offensive is being made not because Russia hopes or desires the crushing of Germany. It is made because she believes that by an offensive she alone can persuade the allies and compel the Germans to agree to a general peace on honorable terms The wilful misunderstanding of this has an Immediate reflection on her by giving the enemies of the offensive ground for telling the Russians they are fighting in vain." Gaining momentum as It moves westward the great KusBian drive along the Dniester in Galicia continues successfully. The fighting is progressing on a SO-mile front from Hal-icz to the. foothills of thft Carpathians, and all along the line the Kussians are advancing. Northwest of Hallcz on Thursday the Russians enlarged their gains north of the Dniester, captured important heights between the river and Bukazowiee, and occupied two villages. This advance is in the direction of Lemborg. In the center and on the southern end of the line the Russians have heen victorious in heavy battles for the possession of the river Lomnica. They have made progress on the road to Dolina and have captured the crossings of the Lomnica at. Perehinko, about 15 miles south of Kalusz. and four miles west of Doho-rodozany. Threaten Communications Washington, July 13.-The new Russian offensive is shown in dispatches to the embassy here today not only to have opened the road to Lomberg, the capital of Galicia, hut to have cut south against the Aus-trlans from Stanislau at the foot of the Carpathians in such a way as to iffect serioiiBly the Austrian forces operating against the newly-restored Rumanian army. General Kornlloff's sweeping ad> vance Is explained by the dispatches as due to the driving of a wedge between two German armies, cutting off communication between the twrt and even threatening the main communications. The ullrd and 75th GerJ man divisions under General Bothmer reinforced by lundstrum troops, saved themselves from utter annihilation only by precipitate retreat, while; General KIt-bach's forces were for FLAVELLE TERMS O'CONNOR'S REPORT A PACK OF, LIES Cold Storage King Sends Borden a Hitter Denial of . Charges Made CABINET CRISIS IN T. Jassy, Rumania, July 0.-(Delayed).-A cabinet crisis is confronting the Rumanian government. Four conservative ministers have refused further to co-operate with Premier Bralianoi, and they also demand that two more Conservatives bo admitted to the cabinet. They likewise insist that M. Bratlanoi resign and that Take .Fonescu, minister without portfolio, be appointed to succeed him. > ? : * ? > ? o > GOVT. OFFICIAL * IS DROWNED * Invermere, B.C., July 12.- Yesterday while attempting to cross on a raft the Kootenay river near Cross river, Dr. Charles W. Drysdale of Ottawa, chief of geological survey party, and his assistant, William J. Gray, a student of Vancouver university, wore drowned as a result of the raft upsetting. Tho bodies have not been recovered, being swept away by the high water, but a search party is leaving again. 0 ? ? > /4 October flax.............. 281 ~ WEATHER High .......... ............. 75 Low......................... 47 Forecast- Fine 'and moderately warm, Govt. Definitely Decides to Call The First Three Classes Together Ottawa, July 13.-At 9.30 this evening the preamble of the military service bill was adopted in committee of tho house. All the clauses of the bill had previously been passed. The bill was not reported, however, because Hon. Frank Oliver on behalf of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, who was not present, asked that it remain in committee until toworrow in order that members might have an opportunity of seeing the amended bill in printed form. Consideration of the clauses was concluded at the afternoon session but a short debate occurred on tho preamble. Several amendments were adopted during the afternoon including one which brings the act, into force an soon as it received lli� situctluu of the governor-general. Tho penalty clauses, however, do not become effective until the first class is called. Thorp was considerable opposition to an amendment moved by Sir Robert llorden exempting divinity students na well us clergy and members of religious orders. Members on both sides of the house objected to the proposal Col, Currio .thought that exemption should be siveu to medical students rather than divinity students. Tho amendment was adopted. When the preamble was taken up lion. Prank Oliver said that tho bill was necessary because recruiting had been killed by faulty administration of military affairs. Recruiting, he said, had died a natural deatli when it was decided to break up battalions. Tho member for Edmonton gave u list of sixteen reasons why he considered recruiting had failed. Sir Edward Kemp in reply, said tho battalion system had brought good results and that the member for Edmonton had not criticized it during the two years'that the battalion system waB in force. George H. Bradbury, of Selkirk, ac-, cused the member for Sdnion'ton of taking up the time of the house with unnecessary talk. He said that while undoubtedly mistakes had been made in Canada it was admitted many more had been made by the Imperial authorities. Regroup Classes Ottawa, July 13.-The dying hours of the committee stage of the con- (CONTINUED ON PAUB 10), Toronto, July 12.-The following iciuKi-urn ha.i been sent by the president of the AVilliam Davles Co., Ltd., to Sir Robert Borden, prime minister' of Canada, with respect to a statement published by the department of labor concerning the business of the. We Davles Co., Limited: "Sir Robert Borden, P.C., K.C.M.O., : ' "Prime Minister, Ottawa, '�'.'Tile statements given to the.press by the department of labor and which appear in the morning papers covering the business of the William Day, les company, are grotesquely untruthful, both in the mass and in detail. They evidence a curious admixture of ignorance and malice. "I deeply regret the injustice ot this attack. I regret it naturally on personal grounds but eveu more on public grounds. "Bitterness and anger and suspicion are being stirred up against public men, against labor and.capital and corporations which in many instances have no better support than flippant impudence and Ignorance. The pity of it in this case is that an authorization statement, was available and was pot consulted. The department of finance Is furnished with balance sheet and the profit and loss sheet annually of each firm in Canada given under the provision of the hwsl-ness tax measure. The statement of the William Davles Co., Is an4 must continue to be furnished to the department of finance. "These statements are not only audited on behalf of the company but � are verified by the accountant of tho department of finance and are final in authority. Tho department of labor could have consulted these statements and could have procured such further information as they might have desired by application to the general manager of the company and could thus have avoided the grave injustice of an attack based upon absurdly untruthful statements. "During its entire history the William Davles company has sought for no trade advantage or profit other than could be secured through diligence and attention to its business. If much volume of business has been secured in contrast to others It has beon secured in open competition free from combination or arrangement or understanding with other packers or merchants. "Tho company offered to the Imperial authorities at different periods since the ontbroak of the war to operate to its capacity in bacon produces, canned meat products and "pork and beans products on a cost and percentage basis but each time the offer was declined, first for bacon and later tor canned meats and pork and beans. : "The Imperial authorities expressed the doslre to purchase in the -open market. All army purchases ot bacon are made' in London.. . "All army purchases ot canned meats and pork and beans are made in Canada. Both are made In open and untrammelled competition with the world. Tho world during the period of the war is connnod to the United States and Argentine, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. . ,"\t it,Is wrong to secure a share of this and other business under these competitive conditions the company has been guilty of sucli wrong and of no other. As this statement wa� issued by the department. of labor, I ask you to take stepB as you may think neceBSBry wjiereby the truthfulness ivr untruthfulness ot (hesp statements can be established. "3. W. Piavelle, ' f "Prei.The'Win. Davles.qoi, 'Unit**,*'' m. 43789968 20 0418 86542?03 ;