Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 10, 1915, Lethbridge, Alberta
1915 SUMMER TILLAGE PAYS (Frora.Tlio Scientific farmer) Tlio method at summer fallow to be vised llrsl, upon whether It Is lo sown to full1 grain or to Billing grain. In nny method of con- nervation ot moisture, the elaboration of plant food, the control ot weeds and blow soil must lie taken into con- sideration. Let us outline nnd discuss llrst, tho summer (allow tor fall grain. 1. Double disk thoroughly as noon harvest as possible.. la) This will help to retain the moisture iii the soil alter the crop Is removed. (b) Cover weed seeds so they will goriiiinnti! readily and can he killed jy later cultivation. (t) I'revellt ol( molts In the deep (raoglng; the linn- or the Hull is the deeper.It will freeze. (c) Allow winter precipitation to soil iiulckor and ifb deeper. If) Chop stuhble-up flo it will de- cay ciuicker anil not dry the. soil out hy leaving It too loose. 2. Double disk again before llic ground If heconsary to nc- compllsh tho above mentioned ob- jects. V. Double disk again' In file If netensary to chop up stubiilo and kill weeds. This should 'he done as soon as the ground Is HI. to wni-k. Fifty per cent, of the loss by evapora- tion can be saved by early spring livalion. -I. Plow early. If there' ir, oa..scr of blowing Iliere is no danger of plow. Ing too more clods the bet- ter. The early plowing will cause more weeds to grow than late plow- ing. but more moisture is. saved, ami conditions are better for tho develop- ment of plant food. Tho extra work of combatting weeds is more (him THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE WR EDMUND WALKER.C.V.O..LL.D.. D.C.L., President ALEXANDER tAIRD. General Manager JOHX AIBD. General Muw> C BROWN. Superintendent oi Central Wwtera CAPITAL, RESERVE FUND, FARMERS' BUSINESS The Canadian Bank of Commerce extends to Farmers every facility for the transaction of their banking business, including the discount and collection of sales notes. Blank sales ire supplied free of charga on Lethbricke Branch R. T. Bryrimer, Mgr A Comprehensive Banking Service The Uilw Bank not only gives its customers every form of service which a Bank can it also offers the decided advantages which come from a network of Branches, 320 in number, covering almost every part of Canada. May ye serve you LETHBRIDGE BRANCH p. R. TINNING, Manager GRASSY LAKE BRANCH H. 6. WANDS, Acting Manager Esiaiiished over Forty-one Years STANDARD BANK OF CANADA ASSETS OVER The A, of Banking YOU Will Find Ul Zealous flt Efficient. in We solicit your account in our SAVINGS DEPARTMENT LETHBRIDGK BRANCH, 258 13th-Street N. S. F. Financial Stability Mother Earth produces tliat. Ayliich both man and beast .must liave.to sustain life. --Land cannot be therefore land possess the element of permanency. which reduces tho' speculative feature to a minimum. BUY FIRST MORTGAGES. British Canadian Trust Co. PHONE 1843 Conybcarc Block Lettabritlge, Alberta The Importance Of Making Your Will Immediately This Is a timo of uncertainty in'every walk of life Your Will should be made. Make it at once and appoint us Executor Then YOU can rest assured that your last wishes will he cental out to the letter with a care and foiesiglit impossible. The TRUSTS and GUARANTEE Company, Limited Public Administrator and Official for tht Judicial f Diitr.ett of LETHBRIDGE MACLEOD CALGARY, WETASKIWIN 1 220 Eighth Avtnut Weit, Calgary. Uthbrldge Office Bank of Commiret Bldg, J. W. McNieot Intpeclor cutset by the Increased yield 6( I'iick immediately after tho plow Much iius 'been said agalnut llicj sub- surface packor, but in nvery case In- vestigated where It had been con- demned UK; fault was not with tlie packer but with tlie cultivation -tliat was done afterward. In ease tin: KOlI bad boon pulverized dual which cuuHod it to blow or to run together nnd bake clurliiK winter. The packer docs not pulverize nor pack Ihe surface soil, hut it pack the subsurface nnd reestablishes moisture connections from below upward 1o the bottom of the mulch. IT the soil is not packed it will be HO loose tliat Jl will dry out nearly, us deep il was plowed, and (here will not be enough moisture Jusl. below tbo mulch to atari, wheat before tlie Tall rains. Kor Ihe best result n fall wheat should ie started early enough to stool efore winter. Kail wheat doesn't tool well in the spring. The best way control weeds is lo have a good land of early fall wheiii started heud of the weeds. This means thai wheat muHt be started before tlie all raiiiB. (See discussion on weeds.) pncker is essential if fiill wheat to he started early in the fall with- al rain. Cultivate; immediately after the lacker with a spriny-tooth harrow apt o run lliree inches deep. This wil up the tracks left by the packer t will not pulverize' Hie surface soil ml will leave the clods and trash on he surface. The Korkuer light-draft veecier is of the spring-tooth type, ml does as good, if not better work; dll not gather trash as 'had. and mils easier. The Hi-foot is handled iy six horses. 7. often enough -with (he pring-tooth harrow to kill weeds and (reserve The number of cul-i ivations necessary to do this will de-j jcnd upon the season. If there arej 'reouctnt rains more work will he j ipcessary than it' there are few rains, n ordinary seasons two to four thor- ough cultivations should be enough to teep it clean. The proper time to Kill he weeds JR just before they set out j of the sround, or just as they arei coining through. Sheep, at the rale oft one sheep to two acres, will keep weeds down and materially reduce j he cost of summer cultivation. .Mr. j BeiiHott. near Ritxville, plows cultivates once, turns sheep in at the rate of one sheep to two acres.. They keep it perfectly clean and th'e sum- mer fallow is kept in good condition. Summer fallow, handled as outlined above, except that sheep were not ised, has been thoroughly tried out in .he drier parts of the country where lim If ill mustard and Russian tins- Lies are bail, and where the soil 'blows iiadly. The weeds and blow were both effectively eon trolled, and the moisture was held within three in- ches or Ihe surface all 'and fall so that wheat could have been sown at any time during the summer or fall with the assurance thai it would have come up immediately and continued to grow all fall. This is the best for conserving moisture, de-_ veloping" plant food, controlling weeds j and method of summer fallow inves- tigated for conserving moisture, de- veloping plant food, controlling weeds and soil, and have a granular mulch with a -moist, firm seed bed just below the mulch. If carried over for summer fallow it will require'some extra work to control the weeds, but gives good conditions for conserving moisture, and developing plant food. It also gives time for the soil-to become firm after plowing. If for spring seeding it should 'be shallow, hut for summer fallow it should be the depth for summer fallow. THE LET-H BRIDGE DAILY LYMflUTIi OUR PRICES WITH CATALOGUE THESE PRICES ARE LAID DOWN IN LETHBRIDGE Standard, 500 ft. 1 Ton, Lots, per Ib. LESS THAN TON LOTS, PER LB. 9k: Diamond N, 550 ft. Superior L, 600 ft. 1 2c Book Now Guaranteed Delivery Do Not Delay Hayr Hardware Co. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA provide a good tough skirt', anil good, lasting lees and feet, combined with high spirits and fleethess of pace. America has already taken tho cue, and Is importing Highland pony stal- lions to cross 'on her thoroughbred Review. TYPE OF HORSES FOR ARMY Advices from the seat of war state that .horses- showing Highland (Scotch) blood are outlasting the oth- er varieties just as they did in the Boer war. The conditions of tlie present war are [larueuiariy hard oh the horses. The thoroughbred, al- though possessed of many excellent qualifications in spirit and fleetnes's, is heing found too soft in the skin, and with galls and sores is more than often out of action. The French cav- alry horses, which have a strong iiv fusion, of Percheron blood in them, although tough in the skin, are de- ficient in.'iimo Hors es showing a cross between the Highland-pony and the thoroughbred mare, are proving to be the best ad- apted, to the circumstances, as thej SCOTLA.N-D'- S A I L I N 0 S From Montreal. T.S.S. "ATHENIA" .....July 20 T.S.S. "CASSANDRA" ..July 30, Cabin Rate to Glasgow" 152.60; Third-Class 533.75. PREPAID TICKETS From Scotlaud issued at Lowest Rates. Further information from any Railroad or Steamship agent in Canada. Donaldson Line H. E. LIDlfAN, Gen. Agent, Vancouver, 531 Granville Street Phone Sey. 3199. Winnipeg, 349 Main' Street. Phone.ll. 5812. A GRASSHOPPER DRIVE .'.Driving' almost as sheep or cattle are driven, is said to lie. tile best way to get tllcra out of a field of growing u-lieat or corn, ac- cording to E. Ball of tlie experi- ment station of the Utah Agricultur- al college, who recently issued a h'Jl- letin on "How to Control the Grass- hoppers." j Bo. destructive arethe hoppers in the dry districts of the. middle west that since 1304 t'tali has hcen payins a bounty for every pound caught, and in the years 1904. 1S05. and lilOli. boun- ties were paid for a total of 571 tons. This elves' an idea of the extent of the nest, there being about to-the ton. making- a total'ot about Since rim ilnsl ruc- tion .of hoppers has increased, .and it is. roughly estimated that nearly 3000 tons have been destroyed. "Uiifdrtunateli-. the old idea per- sists in many places that grasshopper damage is .unpreventablc, and as a re- sult some farmers still allow this post to destroy the crops unchallenged; when a little foresight anil pains Would entirely eliminate the writes Mr. Bail. "Tlie fact that grass- hoppers appear in injurious numbers only in irregular cycles of a- consid- erable number of years is another reason why their control is neglect- ed. Often no watch is Kept, and the danger is not .recognized until the swarm Is at worlc in the field." are many erroneous-Ideas on the distance grasshoppers travel in a dav. and 'Mr. Hall, after 'long ob- servation, states that they'- will av- erage about three-quarters mile, under favorable conditions. A pe- oats, and -even the roots of -thei potato is subject and .of. the preven- roots or the plants. tivcs and remedies that can he Tliere are many contrivances for j applied. Kspecially docs it catching grasshoppers for the bounty with .SPLM! potatoes, a scries ot .....should In- olid by tile state, and many of these j being given that s lave been very efficacious. It is ad- he taken .before sowing. j The cu'culhr. wlucii can be had b_v application to the Publication's branch, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, should have a wide circula- tion. vised, .however, that the place to be- gin destroying the'pest is at the egg, and melhods of spraying have prov- ed very good and are used in many lo- calities. DISEASES OF THE POTATO There cotl.d hardly lie a more time- ly or a more practicable, valuable publication at this moment than Cir- cular No. i) of tjie Division of Botany at the Experimental' Farm, Ottawa, strut-lion is also furnished on meth- ods that should he adopted to re- deem infected land, on the early re- cognition ot disease, on spraying for I the suppression of thf Colorado beet- le ami Late might, and on the stor- ing of seed potatoes. How to use lii-chloride of mercury and in what quantity is explained Stable man- ure should noi he u'-eil lor potatoes is the sound advice given, as it may engender a scabby crop, which can New Trouble j "Arc you the editor of the I asked (lie lady with the drab spats, calling. "1 replied the man 'with the poised pencil. "Well, I [called to ask jou 11 von wouldn't get I larger type. My name was in your 'paper live limes last week and -a neighbor of mine told me she never saw Statesman. "solanum tnherosum" would profit by acquainting himself. It tells of the different diseases to which the also retain moisture in 'light soil Information is given on the prepara- tion and use of Bordeaux mixture. Service MISSANABIE (new) July 29 METAGAMA (new) Aug 12 MISS'ANABIE (new) ..Sept. 2 METAGAMA (new) ...Sept; 1C MISSANABIE (new) ...Opt. 7 METAGAMA (new) ...Oct. 21 For full particulars apply to any Railway Steamship'Agent, or W. C, dASY, General Agent 210 Portage Ave. Winnipeg HAIL INSURANCE PROPER PROTECTION MEANS NO RISK OR WORRY ON YOUR PART A little judgment and foresight will save annual We carry your risk at the lowest possible rates with FULL PAYMENT Ol'vCLAIMS. ------WRITE OR PRONE------ R. V. GIBBONS CO. .PHONE 1191 BALMORAL BLOCK 111 the United States .there arc found 111 distinct ipecies of snakes, of which only 17 art dangerous to man. HAIL INSURANCE At Cost You pay assessment in Oc- tober without interest. 1914 assessment was only and all losses paid. Write or phone for full, infor- mation. M. T. Johnston Co. PHONE 651. LsthbrMge Alberta Block Things You Will Need To Harvest the Magnificent Crops Tiger and Champion Rakes; Frotl i Wood Mowers, Climax Cultivators Binders; Cookshutt Plows, Disc Harrows. Adams Wagons. Trucks; Dowden Potato Diggers, and Buggies; Binder twine; etc. Lethbridge-Weyburn Co., Ltd. Jf SAILINGS FROM MONTREAL Dale To Steamer 24 Scandinavian Liverpool Aug. 1 London Aug. Grampian Aug. "Sicilian Aug Pretorian Aug. Hesperian Aug Coisican Aug 28 Scmdalivian Sept "Corinthian .it oast and bound .Full information from any R. R, or S S Asent or W. 11. Allan, (len'l N'nr-Wcst Main St> Wnf- Liverpool London Glasgow Liverpool Glasgow Liverpool London Don't Yourself on Hail Insurance None Bui Best Companies Represented. ALSO LIVE STOCK INSURANCE. The Lethbridge-Weyburn Realty Co. Lid. 1262 1st AVE. SOUTH LETHBRIDGE. HAIL Insurance Jf you want a coiii-" pany that makes Liberal Adjustments and Prompt Settlements _t_ Apply to H. Macbeth Agency: 119 SH'ERLOCK LETHiRIOGE.